I11529: Françoise MARCEL (dates unknown)

DUTOIT: A Family from Moudon, Switzerland

Françoise MARCEL       (ID #I11529)

(female)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (bp. 20 FEB 1707, d. 23 AUG 1780)
Mother: Elizabeth TILLIANT (b. ABT 1702, d. 25 OCT 1778)

Family 1 : George Gabriel DELAGRANGE (b. abt 1737, d. 05 JUN 1779)
  1.  Elie Abraham Samuel DELAGRANGE (b. 13 JUL 1768)
  2.  Samuel Charles DELAGRANGE (b. 06 NOV 1770)
  3.  Jeanne Françoise Olympe DELAGRANGE (b. 06 NOV 1770, bur. 13 MAY 1772)

 

She is identified on the occasion of her marriage, as the daughter of Pierre Marcel habitant perpetuel à Lausanne. At first, it seemed she must be an unknown daughter of Pierre Marcel and Susanne Cellier. However, the designation of "habitant" better describes Pierre son of Etienne Marcel, since the Pierre who married Susanne Cellier was not a "habitant" in 1767, but a "bourgeois assoufferté" of Lausanne. With this parentage, it is possible she is the Jeanne Françoise who was baptised in 1742.

However, at the baptism of her son Elie Abraham Samuel Delagrange in 1768, the sponsors are all from the descendancy of Pierre son of Guillaume Marcel: Jean Abraham Marcel, Paul Samuel Marcel, Susanne Beylon (her mother was Judith, daughter of the elder Pierre Marcel), and Judith Elizabeth Marcel. It might be, however, that Françoise was the only remaining descendant of Pierre son of Etienne Marcel. It will be necessary to follow this family in more detail in hopes of finding more direct evidence.

[14513] Date of banns.

                                             _Guillaume MARCEL ___
                                            | (1645 - 1698) m 1661
                       _Estienne MARCEL ____|
                      | (1662 - 1742)       |
                      |                     |_Marie BOUCHAYER ____+
                      |                       (1647 - ....) m 1661
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (.... - 1780) m 1740|
|                     |                      _____________________
|                     |                     |                     
|                     |_Catherine JULIAN ___|
|                                           |
|                                           |_____________________
|                                                                 
|
|--Françoise MARCEL 
|  
|                                            _____________________
|                                           |                     
|                      _Salomon TILLIANT ___|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |_____________________
|                     |                                           
|_Elizabeth TILLIANT _|
  (1702 - 1778) m 1740|
                      |                      _____________________
                      |                     |                     
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |_____________________
                                                                  

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Georgine Lucie MARCEL       (ID #I25653)

(female)
Father: Charles MARCEL (b. 14 JUN 1827, d. 31 MAY 1908)
Mother: Philippine Mathilde CORNAZ (b. 28 JUN 1835)

 

                                                                  _Pierre Albert MARCEL _+
                                                                 | (1769 - 1819) m 1795  
                               _Jean Marie Félix Maurice MARCEL _|
                              | (1797 - ....) m 1820             |
                              |                                  |_Louise BOUTAN ________+
                              |                                    (1772 - 1856) m 1795  
 _Charles MARCEL _____________|
| (1827 - 1908)               |
|                             |                                   _Mathias MAYOR ________
|                             |                                  | (1775 - 1847)         
|                             |_Julie Henriette MAYOR ___________|
|                                m 1820                          |
|                                                                |_Susanne MOREL ________
|                                                                                        
|
|--Georgine Lucie MARCEL 
|  (1868 - ....)
|                                                                 _______________________
|                                                                |                       
|                              _Jean François CORNAZ ____________|
|                             |                                  |
|                             |                                  |_______________________
|                             |                                                          
|_Philippine Mathilde CORNAZ _|
  (1835 - ....)               |
                              |                                   _______________________
                              |                                  |                       
                              |_Esther Sophie GUÉBHARD __________|
                                                                 |
                                                                 |_______________________
                                                                                         

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Gerald Robert MARCEL       (ID #I5210)

(male)
Father: Louis Gerald MARCEL (dates unknown)
Mother: Betty Ann BURNS (dates unknown)

Family 1 : Linda Susan MAY (dates unknown)
  1.  Wesley Tyler MARCEL (dates unknown)
  2.  Gregory Allen MARCEL (dates unknown)

 

still living - details excluded

                                                 _Charles Louis MARCELL ________________+
                                                | (1847 - 1926) m 1866                  
                        _Charles Luther MARCEL _|
                       | (1895 - 1966) m 1912   |
                       |                        |_Martha (Mattie) Josephine BURCHFIELD _
                       |                          (1850 - ....) m 1866                  
 _Louis Gerald MARCEL _|
|                      |
|                      |                         _______________________________________
|                      |                        |                                       
|                      |_Mona Erle VIGUS _______|
|                         m 1912                |
|                                               |_______________________________________
|                                                                                       
|
|--Gerald Robert MARCEL 
|  
|                                                _______________________________________
|                                               |                                       
|                       ________________________|
|                      |                        |
|                      |                        |_______________________________________
|                      |                                                                
|_Betty Ann BURNS _____|
                       |
                       |                         _______________________________________
                       |                        |                                       
                       |________________________|
                                                |
                                                |_______________________________________
                                                                                        

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Gregory Allen MARCEL       (ID #I5213)

(male)
Father: Gerald Robert MARCEL (dates unknown)
Mother: Linda Susan MAY (dates unknown)

 

still living - details excluded

                                                _Charles Luther MARCEL _+
                                               | (1895 - 1966) m 1912   
                         _Louis Gerald MARCEL _|
                        |                      |
                        |                      |_Mona Erle VIGUS _______
                        |                         m 1912                
 _Gerald Robert MARCEL _|
|                       |
|                       |                       ________________________
|                       |                      |                        
|                       |_Betty Ann BURNS _____|
|                                              |
|                                              |________________________
|                                                                       
|
|--Gregory Allen MARCEL 
|  
|                                               ________________________
|                                              |                        
|                        ______________________|
|                       |                      |
|                       |                      |________________________
|                       |                                               
|_Linda Susan MAY ______|
                        |
                        |                       ________________________
                        |                      |                        
                        |______________________|
                                               |
                                               |________________________
                                                                        

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Guillaume MARCEL       (ID #I8426)

(male)
Family 1 : Marie BOUCHAYER (b. ABT 1647)
  1. +Estienne MARCEL (b. ABT 1662, d. BEF 1742)
  2. +Pierre MARCEL (b. 1672, d. 9 DEC 1722)
  3. +Sara MARCEL (b. abt 1681, d. 6 OCT 1716)
  4.  Magdelaine MARCEL (dates unknown)
  5.  Jeanne MARCEL (dates unknown)

 

Strong suspicion that the Moyse Marcel with wife Catherine Moulaz "of Crupes au mandement de Boindeax en Dauphine", tailor, whose 3 children are baptised at Grandson 1699-1707, is a son of Guillaume, or else of the Jean Marcel, "vieux et malade" who was admitted to the refugee hospital in 1692 (from Dié, Dauphiné), or of Etienne Marcel of Dauphiné at the same hospital 1689. Also, a Sara Marcel was wife of Jean François Martin; they baptised a child Catin in 1706 at Lausanne, named after the wife of Etienne Marcel.

[14426] Date of contract recorded by Rey, notaire at St. Jean-d'Hérans, now at the archives départementales d'Isère, at Grenoble (cited by Pierre Béthoux, but we were unable to find a listing for this notary on the web site of the Archives Départementales de l'Isère).

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Henri Louis Isaac MARCEL       (ID #I10966)

(male)
Father: Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL (b. 8 MAY 1772, d. BEF 1820)
Mother: Louise Susanne MILLIQUET (dates unknown)

Family 1 : Jeanne Marguerite BETTEX (d. aft 1881)

 

We found a notice of his birth and baptism filed in a dossier for the Marcel family in the Archives de la Ville de Lausanne. Also in the dossier are several letters requesting assistance for himself and his wife, both of whom were in poor health and unable to support themselves.

The dossier notes that on 21 février 1820, an "Acte d'origine" was delivered to "Henri-Louis-Isaac fils naturel de Henri MARCEL et de Louise-Susanne Milliquet de Lausanne, né le 29 octobre 1799 et baptisé le 5 janvier 1800 dans le temple de Montherond." The dossier continues, "Henri-Louis-Isaac a épousé Jeanne-Marguerite Bettex. Il est décédé le 28 janvier 1880 à Donneloye où il doit avoir passé la plus grand partie de sa vie comme domestique de campagne. Sa veuve, facultés mentales altérées, est pensionnaire de la Commune. En 1881, à St.Barthélemy."

The letters reveal a life of desperation:

The dossier does not contain any response from the city of Lausanne. It might be possible to find something in the account books of the city.

                                                                  _Pierre MARCEL ______+
                                                                 | (1710 - 1778) m 1730
                                       _Louis Pierre MARCEL _____|
                                      | (.... - 1776)            |
                                      |                          |_Susanne CELLIER ____+
                                      |                            (1710 - 1777) m 1730
 _Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL _|
| (1772 - 1820)                       |
|                                     |                           _____________________
|                                     |                          |                     
|                                     |_Benigne Madelaine VERET _|
|                                       (1737 - 1801)            |
|                                                                |_____________________
|                                                                                      
|
|--Henri Louis Isaac MARCEL 
|  (1799 - 1880)
|                                                                 _____________________
|                                                                |                     
|                                      __________________________|
|                                     |                          |
|                                     |                          |_____________________
|                                     |                                                
|_Louise Susanne MILLIQUET ___________|
                                      |
                                      |                           _____________________
                                      |                          |                     
                                      |__________________________|
                                                                 |
                                                                 |_____________________
                                                                                       

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Henri Siméon MARCEL       (ID #I8457)

(male)
Father: Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL (b. 8 MAY 1772, d. BEF 1820)
Mother: Jeanne Sophie AIGROZ (bp. 4 MAY 1777)

Family 1 : Jeanne Elizabeth JONZIER (dates unknown)
  1. +Louis Jacques MARCEL (b. 23 SEP 1820)
  2.  Julie MARCEL (b. 19 OCT 1825)
  3.  Elise Henriette MARCEL (b. 17 JAN 1830)
Family 2 : Marie Françoise GRANGE (b. 31 JUL 1806, d. 3 MAR 1891)
  1.  Marie MARCEL (b. 28 MAR 1836)
  2.  Ami MARCEL (b. 7 SEP 1838, d. abt 1885)
  3. +Henry Charles MARCEL (b. 21 APR 1842, d. 21 JUL 1882)

 

Information obtained by the Marcell family in the United States from the Municipal Archives of Lausanne indicates that Henri Siméon, one of three illegitimate children of Henri Marcel, was the grandfather of Paul Marcel, bookbinder and papermaker of Lausanne (active in 1890's). At the time of his marriage, Henri Siméon and his bride were living at Gland. The banns recorded at Lausanne call the bride Elizabeth Jonzier and note that she was the daughter of Jean Benedict Jonzier and Magdelaine Golaron of Gland, and that she was also the widow of Charles Dubois. The marriage record appears to call her Zourier, but this could just be a difficulty of the script.

                                                                        _Pierre MARCEL ________+
                                                                       | (1710 - 1778) m 1730  
                                       _Louis Pierre MARCEL ___________|
                                      | (.... - 1776)                  |
                                      |                                |_Susanne CELLIER ______+
                                      |                                  (1710 - 1777) m 1730  
 _Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL _|
| (1772 - 1820)                       |
|                                     |                                 _______________________
|                                     |                                |                       
|                                     |_Benigne Madelaine VERET _______|
|                                       (1737 - 1801)                  |
|                                                                      |_______________________
|                                                                                              
|
|--Henri Siméon MARCEL 
|  (1798 - 1848)
|                                                                       _David (André) AIGROZ _+
|                                                                      | (1700 - 1752) m 1724  
|                                      _Daniel Siméon AIGROZ __________|
|                                     | (1727 - 1805) m 1771           |
|                                     |                                |_Jeanne Marie MINOD ___+
|                                     |                                  (1707 - 1790) m 1724  
|_Jeanne Sophie AIGROZ _______________|
                                      |
                                      |                                 _______________________
                                      |                                |                       
                                      |_Marie Jeanne (Nonette) MICHON _|
                                         m 1771                        |
                                                                       |_______________________
                                                                                               

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Henry Charles MARCEL       (ID #I25640)

(male)
Father: Henri Siméon MARCEL (b. 16 NOV 1798, d. 9 OCT 1848)
Mother: Marie Françoise GRANGE (b. 31 JUL 1806, d. 3 MAR 1891)

Family 1 : Louise BECK (b. 6 MAR 1847)
  1.  Caroline Françoise MARCEL (b. 24 APR 1877)
  2.  Charles Henry MARCEL (b. 1 JUN 1880)

 

He arrived at New York on the ship Admiral 29 dec 1862, from Le Havre. He enlisted 12 apr 1864 in the 165th Regiment, New York Infantry. At the Madison Street German Presbyterian Church in Manhattan, 18 apr 1875, Henry Charles Marcel married Louise Beck. His petition to become a naturalized citizen of the Unites States was filed 01 oct 1868 in the Southern District Court of New York (petition #299, volume 188), but there is another petition dated 11 oct 1880 that seems to pertain to the same person, Swiss in origin and a veteran of the US Army (petition #40, volume 13). Perhaps the first petition was not successful. In spite of this, his descendants also have a "feuille de route" showing that, as of 1871, he was a soldier in France, and had been given permission to travel to Le Havre and then to New York. After his death, his widow and children moved to Alsace. Descendants still live at Hagenau, Bas-Rhin, France. While his birth and baptism are recorded at Rolle, including the statement that the family was then living at Rolle, the "feuille de route" says he was born at Ferney-Voltaire, France, a discrepancy that remains to be explained. The "état civil" of Ferney-Voltaire has been digitized on the web site of the Archives du Département de l'Ain; we found no Marcel births in 1842. Perhaps the deception of French citizenship became necessary as a way to join the French army in 1871? By thus declaring French citizenship, had he invalidated his American citizenship, thus requiring the new petition for naturalization in 1880? Or, was the petition of 1868 only regarded as the "declaration of intention", since it is not accompanied by the order of the court granting citizenship?

                                                                 _Louis Pierre MARCEL ___________+
                                                                | (.... - 1776)                  
                           _Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL _|
                          | (1772 - 1820)                       |
                          |                                     |_Benigne Madelaine VERET _______
                          |                                       (1737 - 1801)                  
 _Henri Siméon MARCEL ____|
| (1798 - 1848) m 1834    |
|                         |                                      _Daniel Siméon AIGROZ __________+
|                         |                                     | (1727 - 1805) m 1771           
|                         |_Jeanne Sophie AIGROZ _______________|
|                                                               |
|                                                               |_Marie Jeanne (Nonette) MICHON _
|                                                                  m 1771                        
|
|--Henry Charles MARCEL 
|  (1842 - 1882)
|                                                                ________________________________
|                                                               |                                
|                          _Jean Louis Gabriel GRANGE __________|
|                         |                                     |
|                         |                                     |________________________________
|                         |                                                                      
|_Marie Françoise GRANGE _|
  (1806 - 1891) m 1834    |
                          |                                      ________________________________
                          |                                     |                                
                          |_Susanne Salomé JONZIER _____________|
                                                                |
                                                                |________________________________
                                                                                                 

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Isaac MARCEL       (ID #I8434)

(male)
Father: Estienne MARCEL (b. ABT 1662, d. BEF 1742)
Mother: Catherine JULIAN (dates unknown)

 

                                             _____________________
                                            |                     
                       _Guillaume MARCEL ___|
                      | (1645 - 1698) m 1661|
                      |                     |_____________________
                      |                                           
 _Estienne MARCEL ____|
| (1662 - 1742)       |
|                     |                      ______ BOUCHAYER ____
|                     |                     |                     
|                     |_Marie BOUCHAYER ____|
|                       (1647 - ....) m 1661|
|                                           |_____________________
|                                                                 
|
|--Isaac MARCEL 
|  
|                                            _____________________
|                                           |                     
|                      _____________________|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |_____________________
|                     |                                           
|_Catherine JULIAN ___|
                      |
                      |                      _____________________
                      |                     |                     
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |_____________________
                                                                  

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Jane MARCEL       (ID #I4508)

(female)
Father: Jean Pierre Samuel MARCEL (b. 18 JAN 1771, d. AFT 1850)
Mother: Anne Jeanne Georgette MAYOR (b. 6 DEC 1772, d. 1809)

Family 1 : Samuel S. CALDWELL (dates unknown)
Family 2 : Orlando R. ECKERT (b. 1808, d. AFT 1860)
  1. +Charles Albert ECKERT (b. 8 DEC 1831, d. 23 JAN 1923)
  2.  Thomas J. ECKERT (b. 1834, d. AFT 1880)
  3. +Sarah E. ECKERT (b. FEB 1837)
  4.  John F. (Frederick M.?) ECKERT (b. 1839, d. AFT 1880)

 

Witnesses at Baptism: Isaac Samuel Mayor, maternal grandfather; Jean Felix Marcel; Rose Susanne Mayor nee Nivet, maternal grandmother; and Jeanne Françoise Marcel nee Pernet, wife of Jean Felix. Her father is listed as Bourgeois de Lausanne, living in Bière. Census records for 1850 and 1860 confirm identification, as her birthplace is there listed as Switzerland, and her computed birthdate 1798. No children by Mr. Caldwell have been found so far.

[14305] Date of bond. John Marcel was surety, "consent of parent personally given".

[14306] Published record shows Orlando P. Eckert to Mrs. Jane Caldwell, Charles Marcel bondsman, bond dated 26 mar 1831, Moses Hoover minister.

                                                          _Pierre MARCEL ______________+
                                                         | (1710 - 1778) m 1730        
                                _Jean Abraham MARCEL ____|
                               | (1738 - 1793) m 1770    |
                               |                         |_Susanne CELLIER ____________+
                               |                           (1710 - 1777) m 1730        
 _Jean Pierre Samuel MARCEL ___|
| (1771 - 1850) m 1797         |
|                              |                          _Mathieu JOHANNOT ___________+
|                              |                         | (.... - 1759) m 1744        
|                              |_Suzanne Marie JOHANNOT _|
|                                (1748 - 1776) m 1770    |
|                                                        |_Elizabeth IMBARD ___________+
|                                                          (1726 - 1757) m 1744        
|
|--Jane MARCEL 
|  (1798 - ....)
|                                                         _Jean Samuel MAYOR __________+
|                                                        | (.... - 1765) m 1707        
|                               _Isaac Samuel MAYOR _____|
|                              | (.... - 1804) m 1765    |
|                              |                         |_Susanne MAYOR ______________+
|                              |                           (.... - 1750) m 1707        
|_Anne Jeanne Georgette MAYOR _|
  (1772 - 1809) m 1797         |
                               |                          _Jaques (Jean Jaques) NIVET _+
                               |                         | (1707 - 1793) m 1733        
                               |_Rose Susanne NIVET _____|
                                 (1742 - ....) m 1765    |
                                                         |_Anne MOURGUE _______________+
                                                           (.... - 1777) m 1733        

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Jaques Albert MARCEL       (ID #I8492)

(male)
Father: Paul Samuel MARCEL (bp. 25 NOV 1741, d. BEF 1805)
Mother: Susanne Jaqueline Albertine PAYEN (b. 1753, d. 14 JUN 1817)

Family 1 : Fleurie DEBAT (b. 30 JUN 1785)
  1. +Jean François Kinloch MARCEL (b. 24 JUL 1810, d. 15 SEP 1885)

 

A surprising record in South Carolina has this man marrying to Fleurie Debat dit Cazenove or Casaneuve in 1805, with a child Jean François "Hinlock" Marcel born in 1809 (nature of the primary source is not yet known to us). Marriage settlement executed in Paris but recorded in South Carolina. Many mentions found in cursory searches of notarial records of Lausanne. Documents in South Carolina Archives relating to commerce or finance still to be analyzed. A report by Louis Grivel, archivist of the city of Lausanne (1952) gives exact dates and additional details for parts of this story.

The marriage settlement, executed in Paris and later recorded in South Carolina in the following form, allows us to infer that Fleurie and her parents were French citizens, otherwise we should have expected some mention of their origin:

South Carolina Marriage Settlements, Vol. 5, pp 445-450.

No. 412

Mariage de Mlle. Cazeneuve

Par devant Sr. Charles Laurent Bordin et son collegue, notaire à Paris, soussignés.

furent présents:

Monsieur Jacques Albert Marcel, bourgeois de Lauzanne au Suisse et Negotiant de la meme Ville ou il demeure ordinairement étant de présent à Paris logé au Croix des Petits Champs, hotel de Bretagne, No. 114, quatrieme arrondissement, fils majeur de défunt Paul Samuel Marcel bourgeois de Lausanne et aussi negotiant en la ditte Ville et de dame Suzanne Albertine Jacqueline Payen, son épouse, restée sa Veuve, dont il déclare avoire le Consentement à l'effet du mariage cy après, Stipulant et contractant pour lui en son nom d'une part,

Et Monsieur Jean Martin Debat dit Cazeneuve, ancien entrepreneur général des fourages et des transports et Convois Militaires demeurant à Paris rue Française No. 3 division (?) bon Conseil, Cinquieme arrondissement et dame Pierrette-Françoise Michel, rentiere, demeurante à Paris, rue St. Germain l'auxerrois No. 85, division du Museum, quatrieme arrondissement,

Tous deux Epoux divorcés suivant l'acte de la prononciation faite de leur divorce par Monsieur Nicolas Véron, Juge de paix du troisieme arrondissement de Paris, faisant les fonctions d'officier public de l'état civil en date du Vingt Sept Germinal an dix, dont une expédition délivrée par Charles, Secretaire de la Mairie du troisieme arrondissement le Neuf Floreal an treize a été enregistrée le meme Jour Neuf floreal par Rippert.

Agissant et Stipulant pour demlle. fleurie Debat dit Cazeneuve, leur fille mineure, issue de leur mariage, demeurant à Paris chez son père, susdite rue Française No. 3, et a presente, stipulant et contractant pareillement sous la ditte autorisation pour elle etc. en son nom d'autre part.

Lesquelles parties comparantes dans le vue du mariage proposé entre le dit Sieur Marcel et la dite demlle. Debat ditte Cazeneuve et qui sera incessament proclamé dans les formes légales, ont fait et arreté les clauses et Conditions civiles du dit Mariage ainsi qu'il suit:

En présence de Albert Marcel, bourgeois de Lausanne et négotiant de la même Ville [this is Pierre Albert Marcel, 1769-1819, son of Jean Félix Marcel], y demeurant ordinairement etant de present à Paris logé rue Croix des Petits Champs hotel de Bretagne cousin Germain du futur Époux,

Et Madlle. Claudine Armande Debat dite Cazeneuve soeur de la dite demlle. future épouse,

Art. 1er
Les futurs époux seroient separés de biens, par suite, ils ne seront point tenus des dettes et hypotheques l'un de l'autre, anterieures ni postérieures au Mariage et s'il y a eu, elles seront payées et acquitées par celui des dits futurs epoux qui les aura faites et Contractées ou du chef duquel elles procèderont.

Arte. 2
Chacun des futurs époux jouira a part et divisserait de tous ses biens meubles et immeubles, present et à venir, et à cet effet le dit futur époux autorise dès a present et irrevocablement la future épouse, à regir et administrer tous ses biens meubles et immeubles présens et à venir, à toucher et recevoir ses revenues interets et bénéfices ainsi que toutes sommes mobiliaires et a faire tous actes d'administration relatifs à ses biens.

Arte. 3
Le futur époux se marie avec les biens et droits à lui appartenant et dont la designation dans le présent contrat devient inutile, au moyen de la Stipulation de non Communauté portée en l'article premier.

Arte. 4
Les biens que la dite demlle. future épouse apporte au dit Mariage et qu'elle se constitue en dot consistent dans les effets mobiliers, vetemens, linges, hardet, bijoux et dentelles à son usage, le tous de valeur y compris ses derniers (?) comtans de la somme de quatre mille deux cents francs, et provenant de ses gains et épargnes ainsi qu'elle le déclare et que ses dits père et mère le reconnaissent, de tous lesquels objets composant l'apport et dot de la dite dlle. future épouse, il a été justifié au dit futur époux qui le reconnait et consent d'être chargé garant et responsable de la dite dot envers la dite future épouse, ses heritiers et representans par le sens fait de la proclamation du dit mariage, à l'effet dequoi il affecte, oblige et hypotheque tous ses biens meubles et immeubles présens et à venir.

Arte. 5
Nonobstant la separation de biens établie par l'article premier, il est expliqué et convenu que tous les meubles et effets mobiliers qui garniront les lieux qu'occuperont ensemble les futurs époux et destinés au service commun appartiendront par moitié à chaqu'un d'eux et qu'il n'y aura déception à cet égard que pour les effects qui par leur nature et libre destination paraitront être à l'usage personnel de l'un d'eux.

Arte. 6
La demoiselle future épouse ne poura être tenue de contribuer en aucune maniere aux depenses du mariage ni aux fraix d'entretien d'elle et de ses enfans, toutes lesquelles depenses et fraix, demeureront à la charge speciale du dit futur époux qui la supportera et al. (?)

Arte. 7
Si pendant le dit mariage, il est contracté par la dite future épouse conjointment avec son mari des obligations et engagements, ou aliené sous son autorisation quelques immeubles à elle appartenant et dont le prix n'ait point été remployé à son profit pendant le mariage, la dite future épouse et ses heritiers en seront garantés et indemnisés par le dit futur époux, ses heritiers et représentans à l'effet dequoi tous privilege et hypotheque sont acquis à la dite demlle. future epouse, sur tous les biens meubles et immeubles présens et à venir du dit futur epoux.

Arte. 8
Lors du decès de l'un des dits futurs epoux et a partir du jour du dit decès le sirvivant aura conformement aux loix et coutumes de l'Helvétie et soit qu'il se trouve alors ou non des enfans (?) du mariage l'usufruict et Jouissance pendant sa vie de la moitié de tous les biens de toute nature qui composeront la Succession du prédécédé, pour la dite moitié de biens après le decès le survivant et la cessation de son usufruit, retourner soit aux enfants soit aux autres parens du premier décédé. Si les enfans existans du dit mariage lors du decès du premier mourant des futurs époux, etaient mineurs, le survivant aura egalement la jouissance de l'autre moitié à eux reservée des biens de la Succession de leur père ou mère prédécédé, sous la surveillance des deux tuteurs, requis par la loi ou désignés par le testament du défunt, à la charge par le dit survivant d'élever, nourir, entretenir et eduquer les dits enfants convenablement et conformement à leur état et fortune, laquelle Jouissance se continuera jusqu'à la majorité succession des dits enfants, à l'époque de laquelle la portion héréditaire revenant à chaque enfant dans la moitié des biens de la succession de son père ou de sa mère prédécédé, lui sera délivrée et précomptée en nature ou espèces, pourvu toutes fois que les revenus de ces enfans ayant pu suffire pour faire fait aux dépenses de ses nouritures, entretien et education et qui le survivant et les deux tuteurs ne se soyant pas trouvés dans la nécéssité pour raison d'insuffisance et après en avoir pris acte dans la forme ordinaire d'entamer les Capitaux auxquels cas, la deduction sera faite de la somme prélevée pour cet usage, et le survivant ne demeurera comtable envers son enfant, que du surplus ou restant de la portion héreditaire du dit enfant.

Arte. 9
Dans le cas ou le survivant des dits futurs époux viendrait à se remarier, son droit d'usufruit et Jouissance de la moitié des biens de la Succession du prédécédé, si cette moitié excede Quinze mille francs, demeurera reduite et fixé à la Jouissance d'une somme Capitale de Quinze mille francs, que le survivant prelevera et conservera sur la moitié qui lui aurait été departit d'abord pour en jouir conformement á l'article huit et l'excedent retournera aux heritiers naturels de l'époux prédécédé, mais si ce sont ses enfans et qu'ils soyent mineurs, le dit excedent ainsi que l'autre moitié des biens dévolue aux dits enfans seront mis en reserve lors du convoi en secondes noces du survivant et administrés par lui et deux tuteurs pour le revenu des dits biens être employé à l'entretien et education des enfans jusqu'à leur majorité sauf en cas d'insuffisance le morcellement des capitaux d'après l'observation des formes et de la manière reglée par l'article huit qui précede.

Arte. 10
Le droit de Jouissance attribué au survivant des dits futurs époux, soit de la moitié de la fortune du prédécédé, soit d'un capital de Quinze mille francs seulement, dans les cas prévus par les articles huit et neuf cy dessus, sera dégagé de toutes entraves et le dit survivant en usera en nature dans chaque espèce de biens sans pouvoir être astreint à l'égard des deniers comptants et effets mobiliers à en faire emploi ou à fournir caution, dont par leur mutuelle confiance, les dits futurs époux se dispensent respectivement.

Arte. 11
Le prédecès de l'un des époux arrivant dans un autre pays que celui dont le survivant est originaire, si le dit survivant veut retourner soit en Suisse, soit en France, il aura le droit de reclamer et se faire precompter sur la portion de la succession du prédécédé, dont il n'aura point la Jouissance, un somme de Deux mille quatre cent francs pour ses fraix de Voyage et retour.

Arte. 12
Pour l'assurance de la parfaite execution de toutes les Clauses et stipulations portées au present contrat, les dits futurs epoux pouront prendre réciproquement inscription sur les pièces l'un de l'autre à fur et mesure qu'il leur en echoira, ou qu'ils en acquiereront, et en attendant les dits futurs époux (la dite future épouse autorisée specialement de ses dits pere et mere) affectent, obligent, et hypothequent généralement tous leurs biens meubles et immeubles présens et à venir.

Arte 13
Les dits futurs époux se reservent expressement la faculté de pouvoir profiter des dispositions des lois et coutumes des pays qu'ils habiteront, pour ajouter si bon leur semble aux avantages qu'ils se sont repectiviement assurés par ces présentes; mais ils ne pouront les attenuer ni affaiblir en aucune maniere et elles renoncent respectivement à pouvoir y porter atteinte par aucune disposition particuliere posterieure au mariage.

Arte. 14 et dernier
C'est ainsy que le tous a été convenu et accordé entre les parties, promettant, obligeant renonçant,

Fait et passé à Paris pour toutes les parties en l'Etude et pour les dits parens et amis en leurs demeures le dixneuf floreal de l'an treize et ont les dites parties avec les dits parens et amis et les dits notaires signé après lecture faite la minute des presentes demeurée au dit Charles Laurent Bordin, l'un des notaires à Paris soussignés en marge est émit (?) enregistré a Paris Cinquieme arrondissement le Vingt floreal an treize reçu six francs soixante centimes signé Delaguette rayé sept mots comme nuls.

Gobin    Bordin

Nous president de la 4e section du tribunal de premiere instance du departement de la Seine, certifions que les signatures apposées au bas de l'acte qui précede d'autres parts, sont celles de MM Bordin & Gobin notaires imperiaux à la residence de Paris et que foy doit y être ajoutée tant en jugement que hors en foi de quoi nous avons fait apposer le sceau du dit tribunal à Paris ce Vingt Thermidor an treize.

Sabarot

[14434] Date of contract, copy recorded at Charleston, South Carolina (Marriage Settlements, vol. 5, pp. 445-451, South Carolina Archives). Contract was recorded in 4e Arondissement, Paris, 20 Thermidor XIII.

                                                            _Pierre MARCEL ________+
                                                           | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  
                                      _Pierre MARCEL ______|
                                     | (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
                                     |                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _+
                                     |                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  
 _Paul Samuel MARCEL ________________|
| (.... - 1805) m 1770               |
|                                    |                      _Samuel CELLIER _______+
|                                    |                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  
|                                    |_Susanne CELLIER ____|
|                                      (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
|                                                          |_Susanne MEYER ________+
|                                                            (1684 - 1732) m 1710  
|
|--Jaques Albert MARCEL 
|  (1773 - 1819)
|                                                           _______________________
|                                                          |                       
|                                     _Pierre PAYEN _______|
|                                    |                     |
|                                    |                     |_______________________
|                                    |                                             
|_Susanne Jaqueline Albertine PAYEN _|
  (1753 - 1817) m 1770               |
                                     |                      _______________________
                                     |                     |                       
                                     |_Marguerite DEAUX ___|
                                                           |
                                                           |_______________________
                                                                                   

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Jean MARCEL       (ID #I8446)

(male)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (b. 10 DEC 1710, d. 16 NOV 1778)
Mother: Susanne CELLIER (b. 7 JUL 1710, d. 8 MAY 1777)

 

                                               _Guillaume MARCEL ____
                                              | (1645 - 1698) m 1661 
                       _Pierre MARCEL ________|
                      | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  |
                      |                       |_Marie BOUCHAYER _____+
                      |                         (1647 - ....) m 1661 
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
|                     |                        _Moyse RICHARD-JANIN _+
|                     |                       | (1654 - 1720) m 1672 
|                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _|
|                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  |
|                                             |_Judith BARNAUD ______+
|                                               (1659 - 1721) m 1672 
|
|--Jean MARCEL 
|  (.... - 1736)
|                                              _Elie CELLIER ________+
|                                             | (1624 - ....) m 1666 
|                      _Samuel CELLIER _______|
|                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  |
|                     |                       |_Claudine FRANCILLON _+
|                     |                         (1641 - 1710) m 1666 
|_Susanne CELLIER ____|
  (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
                      |                        _Gaspard MEYER _______+
                      |                       | (.... - 1704)        
                      |_Susanne MEYER ________|
                        (1684 - 1732) m 1710  |
                                              |_Marie _____ _________
                                                (.... - 1689)        

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Jean Abraham MARCEL       (ID #I7281)

(male)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (b. 10 DEC 1710, d. 16 NOV 1778)
Mother: Susanne CELLIER (b. 7 JUL 1710, d. 8 MAY 1777)

Family 1 : Suzanne Marie JOHANNOT (b. 24 AUG 1748, d. 16 JAN 1776)
  1. +Jean Pierre Samuel MARCEL (b. 18 JAN 1771, d. AFT 1850)
  2.  Elisée Julien Antoine MARCEL (b. 14 JAN 1773)
  3.  Elie Jean Félix MARCEL (b. 17 FEB 1775, d. 11 DEC 1785)
Family 2 : Rose Catherine REHGARTH (dates unknown)
  1.  Alexandrine Frederique Charlotte MARCEL (b. 17 AUG 1778)

 

Ancestral File has second wife Rose Catharine Rehgarth as mother of last 2 children, but they were born before the death of the first wife. Also, another entry has the same Rose Catharine Rehgarth married to the son, Jean-Pierre-Samuel Marcel. Registers of Lausanne and Bière resolve this problem. At least one entry in the registers at Bière indicates Jean Abram was the proprietor (owner) of the paper mill there. A record of Frederich Bergier, notary at Lausanne, places him at Bière as early as 02 jun 1774.

The ownership and occupancy of the paper mill is a subject for further study. An edict of Their Excellencies of Bern dated 26 may 1767 restates a long-standing prohibition against the export of rags, the raw material of the paper industry, at the request of "Anthoine Reboul, négociant à Morges, admodieur & possesseur des fabriques de Papier de Bière & de Clarens." We interpret this to mean that he was renting the mill at Bière and actually owned the one at Clarens. Since Reboul is a name that figures in the Johannot genealogy, it is possible that we have here another family connection involving the paper trade. (The edict was transcribed in the registers of Jaques David Burnand, notary and Curial de Moudon, ACV DL 11/43. )

In the Archives Cantonales Vaudoises, there is a collection of papers (ACV P Reboul) from the enterprise of François Reboul of Morges, son of Anthoine, covering the dates 1779-1834. François was proprietor of the paper mill at Clarens (at Montreux). The small collection covers "comptes, correspondance se rapportant aux difficultés financières et aux entreprises au domaine de Clarens (papeterie, blanchisserie) et discussion juridique de ses biens: letres de rents, comptes, correspondance, etc. (y compris des detes contractées par son père Antoine Reboul)." There does not seem to be anything in this collection concerning the mill at Bière.

The local historian Henri Burnier prepared a history of the paper mill at Bière 1603-1837, kindly communicated to us by Charles de Vogel. Burnier seems to have used mostly sources in the archives of Bière, and so he missed some significant documents in the records of the notaries (see the notes for his son Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel). Also, he missed an interesting reminiscence that we found in a letter to the Syndic of Lausanne dated 27 apr 1887, from Louis Pittet-Jotterand, Syndic of Bière:

Monsieur et chèr collègue:

En réponse à votre lettre du 16o Mars dernier, par laquelle vous me demandez des renseignements sur le nommé Jean Abram Marcel, établi à Bière au siècle dernier, j'ai l'avantage de vous faire connaître qu'il résulte ce qui suit, des recherches faites dans nos archives.

Mr. Abram Marcel, bourgeois de Lausanne, a repris en 1773 la papeterie de Bière, des hoirs de Mathieu Johannot, dirigée par un nommé Burdet.

En 1774 Abram Marcel est reçu comme habitant, avec permis de s'établir dans la Commune, pour continuer l'industrie du papetier Johannot et celà gratuitement sans payer de soufferte soit droit d'habitation, à la condition toutefois qu'il fournira comme ces prédécesseurs les Régistres et papiers nécessaires au Conseil et au Gouverneur, celà gratuitement.

En 1783, Abram Marcel a produit au Conseil une reconnaissance à la bourgeoisie de Lausanne datée du 18o Mars.

En 1802, le papetier Marcel a été remplacé par un nommé Jaques Oehl, de Bâle, qui revendit la papeterie en 1813 à Daniel Calane du Locle, auquel s'associa en 1816 un Mr. Müller.

La papeterie aurait été créé en 1582, à en juger par la date inscrite soit gravée sur l'un des portails de ce bâtiment. Cette industrie aurait cessé vers 1840, "quoique le bâtiment existe encore".

Nos vieillards se rappellent d'avoir entendu parler de la famille des papetiers Marcel, dont l'un aurait marié une fille Mayor de Ballens.

Mes occupations multiples ne m'ont pas encore permis de prendre des renseignements à Ballens même; si je suis assez heureux pour en recueillir, je vous en donnerai connaissance.

Tout en regrettant de ne pouvoir vous donner pour le moment de plus longs détails, je vous présente, Monsieur et chèr collègue, mes salutations empressées.

M. Pittet, too, missed the succession of Abram Marcel by his son Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel, but this is the only document we have seen that mentions such an early date for the building in which the paper mill operated. In 1603, Hugues Teste, notary and bourgeois de Rolle, obtained a patent from Their Excellencies of Bern giving him, in effect, a monopoly on the manufacture of paper in the Pays de Vaud. The document states that Teste had constructed a mill at Bière, but it does not say when he had done this (transcript in Burnier's account of the paper mill). It is, of course, not necessarily true that Teste's mill was the first one on the site. No independent confirmation of his claims has been located.

[2370] Actual birth date not listed in baptismal record.

[14304] double wedding, bride noted as dau. of late Mattieu Johannot, bourgeois of Morges, "dans l'Eglise d'Echandens".

                                               _Guillaume MARCEL ____
                                              | (1645 - 1698) m 1661 
                       _Pierre MARCEL ________|
                      | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  |
                      |                       |_Marie BOUCHAYER _____+
                      |                         (1647 - ....) m 1661 
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
|                     |                        _Moyse RICHARD-JANIN _+
|                     |                       | (1654 - 1720) m 1672 
|                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _|
|                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  |
|                                             |_Judith BARNAUD ______+
|                                               (1659 - 1721) m 1672 
|
|--Jean Abraham MARCEL 
|  (1738 - 1793)
|                                              _Elie CELLIER ________+
|                                             | (1624 - ....) m 1666 
|                      _Samuel CELLIER _______|
|                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  |
|                     |                       |_Claudine FRANCILLON _+
|                     |                         (1641 - 1710) m 1666 
|_Susanne CELLIER ____|
  (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
                      |                        _Gaspard MEYER _______+
                      |                       | (.... - 1704)        
                      |_Susanne MEYER ________|
                        (1684 - 1732) m 1710  |
                                              |_Marie _____ _________
                                                (.... - 1689)        

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Jean Félix MARCEL       (ID #I8472)

(male)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (b. 10 DEC 1710, d. 16 NOV 1778)
Mother: Susanne CELLIER (b. 7 JUL 1710, d. 8 MAY 1777)

Family 1 : Jeanne Françoise Louise PERNET (b. 4 OCT 1742, d. 18 MAY 1835)
  1. +Pierre Albert MARCEL (b. 14 JAN 1769, d. 28 MAR 1819)

 

He was present at the famous Banquet des Jordils, 1791, a celebration of the anniversary of the French Revolution that caused official displeasure in Bern. His business was located at 1 Place du Pont, Lausanne, as of 1805.

[14431] Text: "Jean Felix fils de Pierre Marcel de Lausanne, & Jeanne Françoise fille de Pierre François Pernet, de Paudex, ont été epousés à Donmartin par Monsr. le Pasteur Borel..." (no witnesses named). Recorded same date at Dommartin.

                                               _Guillaume MARCEL ____
                                              | (1645 - 1698) m 1661 
                       _Pierre MARCEL ________|
                      | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  |
                      |                       |_Marie BOUCHAYER _____+
                      |                         (1647 - ....) m 1661 
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
|                     |                        _Moyse RICHARD-JANIN _+
|                     |                       | (1654 - 1720) m 1672 
|                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _|
|                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  |
|                                             |_Judith BARNAUD ______+
|                                               (1659 - 1721) m 1672 
|
|--Jean Félix MARCEL 
|  (1740 - 1806)
|                                              _Elie CELLIER ________+
|                                             | (1624 - ....) m 1666 
|                      _Samuel CELLIER _______|
|                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  |
|                     |                       |_Claudine FRANCILLON _+
|                     |                         (1641 - 1710) m 1666 
|_Susanne CELLIER ____|
  (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
                      |                        _Gaspard MEYER _______+
                      |                       | (.... - 1704)        
                      |_Susanne MEYER ________|
                        (1684 - 1732) m 1710  |
                                              |_Marie _____ _________
                                                (.... - 1689)        

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Jean François Kinloch MARCEL       (ID #I10964)

(male)
Father: Jaques Albert MARCEL (b. 10 JUL 1773, d. 28 MAR 1819)
Mother: Fleurie DEBAT (b. 30 JUN 1785)

Family 1 : Virginie GUYE (b. 8 JUL 1823, d. AFT 1885)
  1.  Charles Albert MARCEL (b. 23 MAY 1856, d. AFT 1885)

 

At the time of the birth of his son in 1856, he was living at Boudry, Neuchâtel. His name is given in at least a couple places as François Hinlock Marcel, but his marriage and death records at Champvent are clear, it is Kinlock or Kinloch. Evidently, he was named after Francis Kinloch of Charleston, SC. The marriage record notes he had lived in Virginia, and we found him, apparently still single, on the 1850 census of Key West, Florida. There is probably much more to be learned about his life!

Since he was born in South Carolina, he was a citizen of the United States. On 25 sep 1854, at Charleston, South Carolina, he applied for a passport. At that time, he was 44 years old, 5' 8" tall, with hazel eyes, a broken nose, and gray hair.

Perhaps not coincidentally, the marriage of Sir James Kinloch of Edinburgh, Scotland to Marguerite Wild of Bern is found at Pomy, near Yverdon, 09 oct 1731.

A certificate attesting to his baptism was filed along with his marriage banns at Champvent (ACV Ec 22). This information appears to have been copied from the registers of the état civil of Lausanne. It was probably recorded at Lausanne after the family returned from South Carolina. If it can be found in those registers, it is possible that the original certificate from St. Philip's Church in Charleston, South Carolina will be found in ACV Ec.

[3880] Marriage record notes a certificate of baptism was placed on file at the Cure de Champvent. It might still exist, and it should contain the name of the church in Charleston, SC where he was baptised.

[14504] Marriage record at Champvent notes his birth date and parentage. Banns were published at Lausanne, Rances, Champvent, and Les Verrières (Neuchâtel), but thanks to a dispensation, not in America.

                                                              _Pierre MARCEL ______+
                                                             | (1710 - 1778) m 1730
                         _Paul Samuel MARCEL ________________|
                        | (.... - 1805) m 1770               |
                        |                                    |_Susanne CELLIER ____+
                        |                                      (1710 - 1777) m 1730
 _Jaques Albert MARCEL _|
| (1773 - 1819) m 1805  |
|                       |                                     _Pierre PAYEN _______
|                       |                                    |                     
|                       |_Susanne Jaqueline Albertine PAYEN _|
|                         (1753 - 1817) m 1770               |
|                                                            |_Marguerite DEAUX ___
|                                                                                  
|
|--Jean François Kinloch MARCEL 
|  (1810 - 1885)
|                                                             _____________________
|                                                            |                     
|                        _Jean Martin DEBAT _________________|
|                       |                                    |
|                       |                                    |_____________________
|                       |                                                          
|_Fleurie DEBAT ________|
  (1785 - ....) m 1805  |
                        |                                     _____________________
                        |                                    |                     
                        |_Pierrette Françoise MICHEL ________|
                                                             |
                                                             |_____________________
                                                                                   

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Jean Gabriel MARCEL       (ID #I8463)

(male)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (b. 10 DEC 1710, d. 16 NOV 1778)
Mother: Susanne CELLIER (b. 7 JUL 1710, d. 8 MAY 1777)

 

[2942] Witnesses: Jean Henchoz, Beas Gabriel Henchoz (?), Jeanne Cellier.

[2943] Burial record gives age as 29 years, son of Pierre Marcel.

                                               _Guillaume MARCEL ____
                                              | (1645 - 1698) m 1661 
                       _Pierre MARCEL ________|
                      | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  |
                      |                       |_Marie BOUCHAYER _____+
                      |                         (1647 - ....) m 1661 
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
|                     |                        _Moyse RICHARD-JANIN _+
|                     |                       | (1654 - 1720) m 1672 
|                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _|
|                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  |
|                                             |_Judith BARNAUD ______+
|                                               (1659 - 1721) m 1672 
|
|--Jean Gabriel MARCEL 
|  
|                                              _Elie CELLIER ________+
|                                             | (1624 - ....) m 1666 
|                      _Samuel CELLIER _______|
|                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  |
|                     |                       |_Claudine FRANCILLON _+
|                     |                         (1641 - 1710) m 1666 
|_Susanne CELLIER ____|
  (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
                      |                        _Gaspard MEYER _______+
                      |                       | (.... - 1704)        
                      |_Susanne MEYER ________|
                        (1684 - 1732) m 1710  |
                                              |_Marie _____ _________
                                                (.... - 1689)        

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Jean Louis MARCEL       (ID #I8456)

(male)
Father: Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL (b. 8 MAY 1772, d. BEF 1820)
Mother: Jeanne Louise LECOULTRE (dates unknown)

 

                                                                  _Pierre MARCEL ______+
                                                                 | (1710 - 1778) m 1730
                                       _Louis Pierre MARCEL _____|
                                      | (.... - 1776)            |
                                      |                          |_Susanne CELLIER ____+
                                      |                            (1710 - 1777) m 1730
 _Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL _|
| (1772 - 1820)                       |
|                                     |                           _____________________
|                                     |                          |                     
|                                     |_Benigne Madelaine VERET _|
|                                       (1737 - 1801)            |
|                                                                |_____________________
|                                                                                      
|
|--Jean Louis MARCEL 
|  (1799 - 1800)
|                                                                 _____________________
|                                                                |                     
|                                      __________________________|
|                                     |                          |
|                                     |                          |_____________________
|                                     |                                                
|_Jeanne Louise LECOULTRE ____________|
                                      |
                                      |                           _____________________
                                      |                          |                     
                                      |__________________________|
                                                                 |
                                                                 |_____________________
                                                                                       

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Jean Marie Félix Maurice MARCEL       (ID #I8483)

(male)
Father: Pierre Albert MARCEL (b. 14 JAN 1769, d. 28 MAR 1819)
Mother: Louise BOUTAN (b. 5 JAN 1772, d. 1 DEC 1856)

Family 1 : Julie Henriette MAYOR (dates unknown)
  1. +Sigismond MARCEL (b. 27 MAY 1824)
  2. +Charles MARCEL (b. 14 JUN 1827, d. 31 MAY 1908)
  3. +Laure MARCEL (dates unknown)
  4. +Cécile MARCEL (b. 19 AUG 1825, d. 14 AUG 1888)
Family 2 : Anna Sarah JONES (dates unknown)

 

This seems to be the same Félix Marcel whose manuscript "La Famille Boutan" (circa 1840) was mentioned in the catalogue of the exhibition Le Refuge Huguenot en Suisse (1985) at Lausanne. A small gourd inscribed with the initials HB and a huguenot cross, originally from the Boutan family and passed down to the heirs of Félix Marcel, was shown at the exhibit. The donor was Pierre Charles Marcel of St.-Germain-en-Laye, France. This would seem to be the branch that went into banking.

His second marriage is confirmed in the indexes to the civil registration in England. His birth date is given as 30 mar 1797 at least once in the dossier of the Marcel family at the Archives de la Ville de Lausanne.

[14432] Report of archivist of Lausanne, 1952.

                                                           _Pierre MARCEL __________+
                                                          | (1710 - 1778) m 1730    
                         _Jean Félix MARCEL ______________|
                        | (1740 - 1806) m 1768            |
                        |                                 |_Susanne CELLIER ________+
                        |                                   (1710 - 1777) m 1730    
 _Pierre Albert MARCEL _|
| (1769 - 1819) m 1795  |
|                       |                                  _Pierre François PERNET _
|                       |                                 |                         
|                       |_Jeanne Françoise Louise PERNET _|
|                         (1742 - 1835) m 1768            |
|                                                         |_Marie DUVELUZ __________
|                                                                                   
|
|--Jean Marie Félix Maurice MARCEL 
|  (1797 - ....)
|                                                          _________________________
|                                                         |                         
|                        _Jean Maurice BOUTAN ____________|
|                       |                                 |
|                       |                                 |_________________________
|                       |                                                           
|_Louise BOUTAN ________|
  (1772 - 1856) m 1795  |
                        |                                  _________________________
                        |                                 |                         
                        |_Marie Jaqueline TURTAZ _________|
                                                          |
                                                          |_________________________
                                                                                    

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Jean Pierre Samuel MARCEL       (ID #I4507)

(male)
Father: Jean Abraham MARCEL (b. OCT 1738, d. 29 DEC 1793)
Mother: Suzanne Marie JOHANNOT (b. 24 AUG 1748, d. 16 JAN 1776)

Family 1 : Anne Jeanne Georgette MAYOR (b. 6 DEC 1772, d. 1809)
  1. +Jane MARCEL (b. 20 JUN 1798)
  2. +Louisa MARCEL (b. 23 SEP 1799, d. 26 FEB 1885)
  3.  Jules Alphonse MARCEL (b. 08 FEB 1802, d. 19 OCT 1802)
  4. +Charles Marc Louis MARCEL (b. 15 DEC 1803, d. 15 JUN 1884)
  5. +Mary Georgette MARCEL (b. 29 SEP 1809, d. 15 OCT 1873)

 

1850 census, Brown Co., IL gives age implying a birthdate of 1768. Baptism in Lausanne was witnessed by grandparents Pierre and Susanne Cellier Marcel, and Mme. the widow Susanne Johannot, and Jeanne Marie Imbard née Johannot. Text of marriage bann: "Jean Pierre Samuel fils de feu Jean Abram Marcel de Lausanne & de Susane Joannot & Anne Jeane Georgete fille d'Isaac Samuel Maior de Ballens et de Rose Nivet."

The movements of the family from 1800 to 1805, when they left Europe, were not known until recently. Family notes put the birth of Charles, and possibly also of Marie Georgette, in Bern, which had a large French Huguenot community. The family came to America on the ship Liberty (Strassburger & Hinke, Pennsylvania-German Pioneers, vol. 2, p. 175), sailing from Amsterdam 04 aug 1805, arriving at Philadelphia 18 oct 1805. Besides Mr. and Mrs. Marcel from Lausanne with 3 children under age 14, the list of steerage passengers included 3 other passengers from Lausanne with French surnames: Mr. Obussieur, Mr. Albert, and Mrs. Albert. The three children would have to include Louise and Charles, and Jane, in spite of the family notes. Mary was actually born on this side of the Atlantic. The actual birthplace of Charles was only recently discovered, in the village of Divonne-les-Bains (Ain), France, where Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel was working as a paper-maker. Divonne was then part of the arrondissement of Genève, département of Léman, following Napoleon's occupation of the area. A family document there was witnessed by Antoine Albert, a neighbor, prompting us to wonder if he might be the same Mr. Albert who appears on the passenger list. The Marcel and Albert families are listed together on the customs list recorded upon arrival in Philadelphia.

Family notes put Jean Pierre in the service of Daniel Carroll, "brother of the signer of the Declaration of Independence"; however, this seems unlikely, since Daniel (b. 1764, "of Duddington") and Charles (b. 1767, "of Belle Vue") Carroll, brothers, first cousins once removed of Charles Carroll "the signer" (1737-1832), purchased the Patterson paper mill on 05 jun 1811, likely after the Marcel family had braved the wilderness to settle in Lexington, KY (for an account of Charles Carroll "of Belle Vue", see Robert F. McNamara (1980), "Charles Carroll of Belle Vue, co-founder of Rochester", Rochester History 42(4)). The paper mill, apparently the only one in the vicinity of Georgetown, was built, according to information from the National Park Service regarding Rock Creek Park, about 1800. It was located on Rock Creek near the north end of P Street, on the east bank of the creek, at the boundary of the Federal City. The source for the connection to the Carroll family is not given — was it perhaps an indenture of some kind? The Marcel family does not appear on the 1810 censuses of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, or Kentucky. Separate schedules for the District of Columbia have also been checked. About 1811, they are supposed to have moved to Kentucky, where Georgette died in 1812 — but this contradicts the account prepared by the Archivist of Lausanne, who says she died before 08 jan 1810, leaving her 4 children as heirs to some parcels of land near Ballens. It is doubtful that the archivist, working from notarial and court records, was mistaken as to the date. Further complicating the story is the information given in Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel's naturalization papers in Butler Co., OH, 15 oct 1840, in which he states that he declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States before the Court of the County of Washington, DC on 16 jan 1813. One wonders if he did not leave his children in the care of another family and return to Vaud to settle his wife's estate, making his declaration on his second arrival in the United States. The declaration referred to has not been located, though it is possible the problem is that the identity of the court has not been specified correctly.

The marriage of Jane Marcel in 1817 places the family in Fayette Co., KY. The tax list of that year shows the first appearance of "John Mercel", who was taxed for one horse. In 1818, he appears again, as does a David McCoy, Jr. beside him on the list (David Sr. had been in the lists for some years). Both "John Mercell" and David McCoy Jr. are absent from these lists after 1818. By 1820 the Marcel family is on the census in Adair Co., KY., and also in neighboring Cumberland Co. about the same time for several land grants. By 1825, they are in Jessamine Co., KY, where Charles appears as late as 1840. Later, he moved to Nicholas Co. By 1832, Jean Pierre appears with his daughter Louisa McCoy in connection with the marriage of her daughter Georgette McCoy to Isaac Whitesides in Warren Co., OH (the latter apparently living in Hamilton Co. somewhere near the town of Montgomery). In 1840, as we have seen, Jean Pierre appears in Butler Co., where his daughter had married Thomas O'Hara. Jean Pierre must have lived with them from that time on, accompanying them to Brown Co., IL about 1844 and dying there after the 1850 census. The date on the 1850 census schedule is 13 sep 1850, the last date at which we know Jean Marcel was alive.

Why, exactly, did Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel leave Vaud? This question is turning out to be more complicated, and more interesting, than we first thought. His father Jean Abraham Marcel was the owner of the paper factory at Bière when he died in 1793. What happened between 1793 and 1802, when we find the family in Divonne-les-Bains? We are beginning to fill in the gaps.

15 apr 1797: Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel, proprietor of the paper mill at Bière, obtains a loan of 20,000 livres at 4% interest from Albert Duveluz (a relative) and Félix and Albert Marcel, half payable in 4 years, the remainder in 6 years.

May, 1798: A census was taken in the early days of the Napoleonic protectorate, the "République Helvétique". For the village of Bière, one paper mill is noted, owned by "le citoyen Marcel", employing 16 persons.

29 mar 1799: As described in a later record, Jean Marcel, proprietor of the paper mill at Bière, obtains loan of 20,000 livres from Daniel Grand. (This cannot be Jean Abraham Marcel, who died in 1793, and only Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel appears in the church records of Bière by this time.) The loan carries 4% interest and is payable in 4 monthly installments, with any unpaid amount to carry 5% interest after that time has elapsed. We surmise that the principal was used to pay off the previous loan. As security, Marcel pledges his property at Bière, which is described by reference to the surrounding landowners, as well as property at Ballens. He also lists the existing debts against these sureties.

24 oct 1801: Jeanne Françoise Pernet, wife of Félix Marcel, acknowledges debt of 13,000 livres to Daniel Grand, pledging various parcels at Cossonay as surety. The debt was the remainder of a loan of 20,000 livres dating from 29 mar 1799, from Grand to Jean Marcel of Bière, with Albert Duveluz as second, and the loan was partly repaid by a "collocation" or settlement. (Louis Fevot, notary at Lausanne)

18 may 1802: Jeanne Françoise Pernet, wife of Félix Marcel, conveys to her son Albert Marcel various parcels including the paper mill, which she had obtained through a judgement against Jean Marcel (Louis Fevot, notary at Lausanne).

20 jun 1802: Albert son of Félix Marcel, négociant at Lausanne, after receiving title from his mother Jeanne Françoise Pernet (above), grants power of attorney to have the sale of the paper mill registered in Bière, to Jean Jacob Oehl of Basel (Isaac Louis Gabriel Bourillon, notary at Lausanne).

From the chronology, it is clear that Jean Marcel of Bière is our Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel, and that he was unable to repay his loans. His paper mill became the property of his aunt who assumed the loan, then it was sold. In 1798, the citizens of Vaud (assisted by Napoleon) rebelled against the occupation of the Bernese. A period of financial chaos ensued. The new government passed through a number of false starts and crises, including an episode called the "Bourla-Papey", a sort of peasants' uprising against all vestiges of the feudal order, such as hereditary titles held in town archives, some of which were burned in 1802. It is recorded that one of the "lieutenants" in the Bourla-Papey movement was one Henri Marcel, very likely a cousin (Albert Frederic Louis Henri Marcel, born in 1772) of our Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel. It is therefore possible that he felt he had suffered personal as well as financial losses and wanted to start over. He arrived at Divonne during a period when the new order was still not established, and it was not clear whether Divonne would end up eventually as Swiss or French territory. The wars and political upheavals which followed may well have been the last straw that convinced him it would not be possible to establish a business in such a politically unstable climate. The attraction of the New World, whose financial opportunities were well known to the financiers of Lausanne, including some of his Marcel relatives, must have been irresistable.

In 2009, our colleague Catherine Minck-Brandt discovered a dossier concerning the Marcel family at the Archives de la Ville de Lausanne. The dossier contains some 40 items relating to the descendants of Pierre Marcel and Jeanne Richard, especially in their interactions with the municipal authorities. Among these we found correspondence between Genevieve Marcell Davis and Louis Grivel, then the archivist of Lausanne, dating from the 1950's. An undated letter from Mrs. Davis to the archivist, to which he responded on 11 feb 1952, reveals some facts that did not find their way into the family notes that are found today at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City: "Nous avons des documents signés par Jean Pierre Marcel et venant du comté Cumberland, au Kentucky. En 1805, le nom de Monsieur Marcel est mentioné dans le journal de Monsieur Wirt, chez qui il a était invité à Richmond, en Virginie."

In the 1950's, the family does not seem to have known that our Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel arrived in Philadelphia, nor that at least two of his cousins had traveled to the New World. At the present time, we have no information about these interesting statements by Mrs. Davis, but they are clues that should be pursued. The Wirt in question is almost certainly William Wirt, an attorney who later became Attorney General of the United States. His papers are in several different collections, notably the Maryland Historical Society and the Library of Congress, but we have not discovered the item referred to by Mrs. Davis.

The Archives d'Etat de Genève has a large collection of passports issued during the period when Geneva and the surrounding area was the Département de Léman. The collection also includes records of passports for people entering Léman from the Canton de Vaud. It may be possible to locate information about the movements of Jean Pierre Samuel Marcel and also of his cousin Henri Marcel in these records. The Archives Cantonales Vaudoises has even more material, including a collection designated PP 416, consisting of about 12 linear meters of papers from the Marcel family of Lausanne. Among these papers we found four letters (one a copy, the other three originals) from Jean Marcel to his cousins in Switzerland, giving some further details about his life and the movements of his family.

Miscellany, should be investigated further: Cumberland Co., Kentucky, Deed Book E (1824-1825), index on RootsWeb, mentions John B. Marcel of Fayette Co. to Charles Marcel of same; George Mermond (=Mermoud?) of Jessamine Co. to John Marcel of same, no page numbers given. Frankfort Argus, 28 feb 1827, newspaper notice about lost horse belonging to John Marcel at "the Franklin Mills, four miles from Frankfort, on Main Elkhorn.

[1578] Where: 1820 Adair Co., KY; 1850 Brown Co., IL. "True copy" of citizenship papers from Butler Co, OH (dated 1840) indicates declaration of intention was at Washington DC 16 jan 1813 — however, National Archives failed to locate declaration in 1975.

[14303] Annonces de Marriages de Lausanne, 1790-1800, p. 143. Banns were published 16, 23, and 30 jul 1797, giving names of his parents and of her father. Marriage recorded at Apples, notes his residence at Bière.

                                                 _Pierre MARCEL ________+
                                                | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  
                           _Pierre MARCEL ______|
                          | (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
                          |                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _+
                          |                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  
 _Jean Abraham MARCEL ____|
| (1738 - 1793) m 1770    |
|                         |                      _Samuel CELLIER _______+
|                         |                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  
|                         |_Susanne CELLIER ____|
|                           (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
|                                               |_Susanne MEYER ________+
|                                                 (1684 - 1732) m 1710  
|
|--Jean Pierre Samuel MARCEL 
|  (1771 - 1850)
|                                                _Mathieu JOHANNOT _____+
|                                               | (.... - 1756) m 1714  
|                          _Mathieu JOHANNOT ___|
|                         | (.... - 1759) m 1744|
|                         |                     |_Magdeleine CROS ______+
|                         |                       (1695 - 1742) m 1714  
|_Suzanne Marie JOHANNOT _|
  (1748 - 1776) m 1770    |
                          |                      _Jean IMBARD __________+
                          |                     | (1671 - 1737)         
                          |_Elizabeth IMBARD ___|
                            (1726 - 1757) m 1744|
                                                |_Marie LÉORAT _________+
                                                  (1675 - ....)         

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Jeanne MARCEL       (ID #I20768)

(female)
Father: Guillaume MARCEL (b. ABT 1645, d. 1698)
Mother: Marie BOUCHAYER (b. ABT 1647)

Family 1 : Jean LUYA (dates unknown)

 

                                             __
                                            |  
                       _____________________|
                      |                     |
                      |                     |__
                      |                        
 _Guillaume MARCEL ___|
| (1645 - 1698) m 1661|
|                     |                      __
|                     |                     |  
|                     |_____________________|
|                                           |
|                                           |__
|                                              
|
|--Jeanne MARCEL 
|  
|                                            __
|                                           |  
|                      ______ BOUCHAYER ____|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |__
|                     |                        
|_Marie BOUCHAYER ____|
  (1647 - ....) m 1661|
                      |                      __
                      |                     |  
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |__
                                               

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Jeanne Anne Marie MARCEL       (ID #I8464)

(female)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (b. 10 DEC 1710, d. 16 NOV 1778)
Mother: Susanne CELLIER (b. 7 JUL 1710, d. 8 MAY 1777)

 

                                               _Guillaume MARCEL ____
                                              | (1645 - 1698) m 1661 
                       _Pierre MARCEL ________|
                      | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  |
                      |                       |_Marie BOUCHAYER _____+
                      |                         (1647 - ....) m 1661 
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
|                     |                        _Moyse RICHARD-JANIN _+
|                     |                       | (1654 - 1720) m 1672 
|                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _|
|                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  |
|                                             |_Judith BARNAUD ______+
|                                               (1659 - 1721) m 1672 
|
|--Jeanne Anne Marie MARCEL 
|  
|                                              _Elie CELLIER ________+
|                                             | (1624 - ....) m 1666 
|                      _Samuel CELLIER _______|
|                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  |
|                     |                       |_Claudine FRANCILLON _+
|                     |                         (1641 - 1710) m 1666 
|_Susanne CELLIER ____|
  (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
                      |                        _Gaspard MEYER _______+
                      |                       | (.... - 1704)        
                      |_Susanne MEYER ________|
                        (1684 - 1732) m 1710  |
                                              |_Marie _____ _________
                                                (.... - 1689)        

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Jeanne Françoise MARCEL       (ID #I8433)

(female)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (bp. 20 FEB 1707, d. 23 AUG 1780)
Mother: Elizabeth TILLIANT (b. ABT 1702, d. 25 OCT 1778)

 

                                             _Guillaume MARCEL ___
                                            | (1645 - 1698) m 1661
                       _Estienne MARCEL ____|
                      | (1662 - 1742)       |
                      |                     |_Marie BOUCHAYER ____+
                      |                       (1647 - ....) m 1661
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (.... - 1780) m 1740|
|                     |                      _____________________
|                     |                     |                     
|                     |_Catherine JULIAN ___|
|                                           |
|                                           |_____________________
|                                                                 
|
|--Jeanne Françoise MARCEL 
|  (1742 - ....)
|                                            _____________________
|                                           |                     
|                      _Salomon TILLIANT ___|
|                     |                     |
|                     |                     |_____________________
|                     |                                           
|_Elizabeth TILLIANT _|
  (1702 - 1778) m 1740|
                      |                      _____________________
                      |                     |                     
                      |_____________________|
                                            |
                                            |_____________________
                                                                  

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Jeanne Louise Albertine MARCEL       (ID #I8479)

(female)
Father: Pierre Albert MARCEL (b. 14 JAN 1769, d. 28 MAR 1819)
Mother: Louise BOUTAN (b. 5 JAN 1772, d. 1 DEC 1856)

Family 1 : Daniel Jaques DAVID (b. 29 DEC 1784, d. 5 JAN 1835)
  1. +Maurice Louis DAVID (b. 11 AUG 1815, d. 23 OCT 1890)
  2.  Marie Caroline DAVID (b. 9 AUG 1816, d. 20 MAR 1825)
  3. +Justin Henri DAVID (b. 19 MAR 1818, d. 27 MAR 1893)
  4. +Emile François DAVID (b. 25 FEB 1824, d. 27 NOV 1891)

 

                                                           _Pierre MARCEL __________+
                                                          | (1710 - 1778) m 1730    
                         _Jean Félix MARCEL ______________|
                        | (1740 - 1806) m 1768            |
                        |                                 |_Susanne CELLIER ________+
                        |                                   (1710 - 1777) m 1730    
 _Pierre Albert MARCEL _|
| (1769 - 1819) m 1795  |
|                       |                                  _Pierre François PERNET _
|                       |                                 |                         
|                       |_Jeanne Françoise Louise PERNET _|
|                         (1742 - 1835) m 1768            |
|                                                         |_Marie DUVELUZ __________
|                                                                                   
|
|--Jeanne Louise Albertine MARCEL 
|  (1795 - 1876)
|                                                          _________________________
|                                                         |                         
|                        _Jean Maurice BOUTAN ____________|
|                       |                                 |
|                       |                                 |_________________________
|                       |                                                           
|_Louise BOUTAN ________|
  (1772 - 1856) m 1795  |
                        |                                  _________________________
                        |                                 |                         
                        |_Marie Jaqueline TURTAZ _________|
                                                          |
                                                          |_________________________
                                                                                    

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Jeanne Susanne MARCEL       (ID #I8498)

(female)
Father: Pierre MARCEL (b. 10 DEC 1710, d. 16 NOV 1778)
Mother: Susanne CELLIER (b. 7 JUL 1710, d. 8 MAY 1777)

 

                                               _Guillaume MARCEL ____
                                              | (1645 - 1698) m 1661 
                       _Pierre MARCEL ________|
                      | (1672 - 1722) m 1707  |
                      |                       |_Marie BOUCHAYER _____+
                      |                         (1647 - ....) m 1661 
 _Pierre MARCEL ______|
| (1710 - 1778) m 1730|
|                     |                        _Moyse RICHARD-JANIN _+
|                     |                       | (1654 - 1720) m 1672 
|                     |_Jeanne RICHARD-JANIN _|
|                       (.... - 1749) m 1707  |
|                                             |_Judith BARNAUD ______+
|                                               (1659 - 1721) m 1672 
|
|--Jeanne Susanne MARCEL 
|  (1746 - 1749)
|                                              _Elie CELLIER ________+
|                                             | (1624 - ....) m 1666 
|                      _Samuel CELLIER _______|
|                     | (1672 - 1734) m 1710  |
|                     |                       |_Claudine FRANCILLON _+
|                     |                         (1641 - 1710) m 1666 
|_Susanne CELLIER ____|
  (1710 - 1777) m 1730|
                      |                        _Gaspard MEYER _______+
                      |                       | (.... - 1704)        
                      |_Susanne MEYER ________|
                        (1684 - 1732) m 1710  |
                                              |_Marie _____ _________
                                                (.... - 1689)        

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John Edouard MARCEL       (ID #I25674)

(male)
Father: Louis Jacques MARCEL (b. 23 SEP 1820)
Mother: Jeanne Marie GAUTHIER (dates unknown)

 

                                                      _Albert Frédéric Louis Henri MARCEL _+
                                                     | (1772 - 1820)                       
                          _Henri Siméon MARCEL ______|
                         | (1798 - 1848) m 1820      |
                         |                           |_Jeanne Sophie AIGROZ _______________+
                         |                                                                 
 _Louis Jacques MARCEL __|
| (1820 - ....) m 1839   |
|                        |                            _Jean Benedict JONZIER ______________
|                        |                           | (.... - 1820)                       
|                        |_Jeanne Elizabeth JONZIER _|
|                           m 1820                   |
|                                                    |_Magdelaine GOLARON _________________
|                                                                                          
|
|--John Edouard MARCEL 
|  (1843 - 1843)
|                                                     _____________________________________
|                                                    |                                     
|                         _Jean Benjamin GAUTHIER ___|
|                        |                           |
|                        |                           |_____________________________________
|                        |                                                                 
|_Jeanne Marie GAUTHIER _|
   m 1839                |
                         |                            _____________________________________
                         |                           |                                     
                         |_Jeanne Marie VANNAT ______|
                                                     |
                                                     |_____________________________________
                                                                                           

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