is the shire town. This county is bounded north by Windsor County,
east by Connecticut River, south by the State of Massachusetts, and west
by the County of Bennington. For some years it bore the name of Cumberland.
surface of the county is much broken by hills and valleys; the western
part is very elevated, and contains a part of the Green Mountain range.
The geological character of the county is primitive. Immense quantities
of granite is found in all parts of the county, both in quarries and boulders,
most of which is of fine grain and very handsome. It also contains
gneiss, hornblonde, serpentine, primitive limestone, and mica, talcose,
chlorite, and argellite slates.
soil of the county is various; from the rich and alluvial meadows on the
Connecticut, to the cold and rugged lands on the sides of the mountains.
The general character of the soil may be considered as tolerable for grain,
and excellent for grazing.
County is finely watered by Williams’, Saxton’s, and West Rivers, with
their branches, and by numerous other streams. These waters give
the county a great hydraulic power, which is rapidly coming into use for
of Vermont, by John Hayward, 1849, p. 139)
County VTGenWeb Project
Historical Society of Windham County
sketches from the Vermont Legislative
Biennial Session, 1902
County Vermont Local History and Genealogy