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About Caldwell County

Caldwell County was once a part of Ray County. For many years after the organization of Ray County, the territory now included in Caldwell was unsettled. Over it roved migratory Indians and white hunters, but it was not considered for homes because it had too much prairie land. 

Early settlers avoided prairie sod which refused to be broken by their weak plows and preferred the timber lands which, having been cleared, gave them mellow soil and also provided them with wood for building cabins and for fuel.

In 1833 began the first town in Caldwell County. Three Lyons brothers, who were Mormon exiles from Jackson County, settled at Log Creek, two miles southeast of Kingston. They built a horse mill (the first mill in the county), a blacksmith shop and three cabins for their families.

The early pioneers came into the county by following trails rather than roads. Tall prairie grass grew on either side. A state road from Richmond to Gallatin which passed through Kingston was for years the only thoroughfare connecting our county with the Missouri River. 

Merchandise intended for this section was carried by boat to Camden in Ray County and then carried over this state road by ox team to its destination. This road passed through the site where Hamilton was later built. In 1855, the stage coach route was established between Gallatin and Lexington. Hamilton, scarcely yet started, was made a stage station.

Caldwell County has not always had twelve townships as at present. Soon after the organization of the county, there were four townships. 

Rockford, which comprised the present western tier of counties (Kidder, Mirabile and Rockford); 

Blythe, which comprised Hamilton, Kingston and Grant; 

Grand River, which took in all of range 26 and 27 which lay north of Shoal Creek; and 

Davis, which took in all of range 26 and 27 which lay south of Shoal.

In 1867, changes were made. Rockford was sub-divided; the part North of Shoal was Kidder township, the part South of Shoal was Mirabile. Grand River township was sub-divided. Range 26 became Elm, Range 27 became Grand River. Blythe was sub-divided into Hamilton, eight miles long, and Kingston, ten miles long. This made seven townships. in 1870, the twelve townships of equal size were arranged as at present and the name of Grand River Township was changed to New York Township by petition of the residents thereof, most of whom had come as settlers from the state of New York in the late 60's.

There are eight towns at present in the limits of Caldwell County. Kingston, Mirabile, Hamilton, Breckenridge, Kidder, Nettleton, Polo, Braymer and Cowgill.

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My name is LaRae Halsey-Brooks, and my daughter, Eireann Brooks, and I are the Co-Coordinators for the 
Caldwell County MOGenWeb Project.

Once again, our Sincere THANK YOU to Terry Parcel, the previous Caldwell County Coordinator. 

Terry's dedicated work has been preserved on these pages, 
and Terry has graciously offered to continue records transcriptions 
in the future....THANKS, Terry....8-)

We hope you enjoy your visit and please check back often for new information on your Caldwell County families.


LaRae & Eireann

Neighboring Counties



Caldwell County Co-Coordinators:
LaRae Halsey-Brooks & Eireann Brooks

This page was last updated June 1, 2023.

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