According to WEC: Maria Bernard was "sister of Mr. Justice Bernard of the Court of Common Pleas, ancestor of the Earls of Bandon."
Researcher Paul Turner transcribed excerpts from the book The History of Bandon by George Bennett Esq. (1869), and included a chapter on the Bernard Family (p. 227-258) :
"Francis Bernard, familiarly known as Judge Bernard, was born at Castle-Mahon, A.D. 1663.
He was the eldest son of Francis Bernard, high-sheriff of the county of Cork in 1676, and great-grandson of Francis Bernard, the first of his family who settled in Ireland (i.e. Queen Elizabeth).
For several centuries before this offshoot from the parent tree was planted here, the Bernards were domiciled in England. When William of Normandy landed in Sussex, in the memorable year of Grace, 1066, among the mail-clad warriors who accompanied him was Sir Theophilus, who is described as "a valyant knyghte of German descent." Sir Theophilus - who was the son of Sir Egerett - had a son Sir Dorbred, who was the first to assume the surname of Bernard, and whose son, Robert Fitz-Bernard (in 1172), accompanied Henry the Second to Ireland; and so high did this officer stand in that monarch's estimation, that - when Henry left for England - he entrusted Fitz-Bernard with government of Waterford and Wexford.
Sir Henry Bernard (the christian name of Henry became a general favourite with the Bernards, in compliment to their royal patron) was grandson of Sir Francis Bernard, who married Hannah, daughter of Sir John Pilkington, and was a lineal descendant of Sir Dorbred's.
He lived at his ancestral seat - Acornbank, in Westmoreland - where his forefathers had been seated for many generations. He married Anne, daughter of Sir John Dawson, also of Westmorland, by whom he had four sons:
Robert, William, Francis, and Charles.
Francis, his third son - who settled here in Elizabeth's reign - married and had two daughters (one married Sir George Reynolds, and the other Percy Freke, and a son Francis, lord of the manor of Castel-Mahon, where he resided previous to the breaking out of the great rebellion in 1641.
This Francis married Alice, daughter of - Freke, Esq., of Rathbarry Castle, by whom he had seven daughters (Elizabeth married Captain James Burrell; Katherine married Francis Beamish, Esq., of Kilmalooda; another married Lieutenant John Langton; Ellinor married Captain William Holcombe - whose eldest daughter, Jane, married William Sweete; another was married in 1660, by Rev. Thomas Weight, in Ballymodan Church, to her cousin, Captain John Freke, of Garrett's Town; Mary married Captain John Poole.of Mayfield; and Anne married Reuban Foulkes, Esq., of Youghal) and one son Francis. Upon the death of his father - will dated December 21, 1666 -
Francis succeeded. He married - marriage settlement dated December 5th, 1661 - Mary, daughter of Captain Arthur Freke, and granddaughter of Sir Percy Smith, by Mary Boyle, sister of Richard, first Earl of Cork, and had issue:-
Maria married Eusebius Chute, of Ballygannon, county Kerry; and, secondly Francis, son of Sir David Brewster, of Brewsterfield, same county.
Anne married Robert Foulkes, Esq., Youghal. She died in 1754, leaving the bulk of her property to her nephew, Stephen Bernard, who then became owner of Prospect Hall, county Waterford. Elizabeth married the Rev. Samuel Wilson, of Little Island, county Kerry. Mary married Edward Adderly, Esq., of Innoshannon, son of Edward Adderly, by Mary, daughter of the Lord Chief-Justice Sir Mathew Hale. And two sons, Francis the judge; and Arthur, progenitor of the Bernards of Palace Anne, who, on the 22nd of December, 1695, married Anne Power (or La-Poer), 'att the castle of Lismore, in the great dining-room, about eight of the clock on Sunday night.'"
Ancestor of the Chutes of Tralee. There are a few requests for information on this Pierce Chute: someone was "looking for information about the descendants of MICHAEL HANRAHAN who was born about 1750 probably in Kerry. He married MARGARET KENNELLY. One of his sons MICHAEL PATRICK HANRAHAN b 1808 in Lixnaw, Co. Kerry, d 1874, married in 1829 JOHANNA BUCKLEY, b.1811, d 1886 in Australia. Michael Patrick and Johanna H. migrated to Australia on the "Ascendant" in 1858 with their children. One of these children, Michael Francis HANRAHAN , b 1841 in Lixnaw, Co Kerry, d 1922 in Warwick, Queensland, married at Redbank Queensland in 1865 ELIZABETH ANNE TRANT, b 1842. D 1904 in Townsville Queensland. One of their daughters, Elizabeth Anne Valentine Hanrahan, b 1880, d 1973 in Warwick Queensland, married Henry STERNE in Warwick in 1909.
Elizabeth Anne TRANT, daughter of Thomas Patrick TRANT d 1849 and Mary Anne CHUTE, d 1851, of Dingle, Co Kerry. Mary Anne CHUTE, daughter of Pierce CHUTE, was reared at Chute Hall by her uncle Francis Bernard CHUTE and his wife Jane ROWAN." Based on the above, it was deduced that the researcher refers to this Pierce Chute, opposed to Pierce Thomas Chute, and that he had a daughter named Mary Anne, who married Thomas Patrick Trant mentioned above. However, her mother's name is not mentioned.
A family of Australian Chutes have recorded their descent from a Pierce Chute who wed a Julia O'Connor in Ireland. It was their son Richard who emigrated to Australia, and from whom they trace their descent. Pierce Thomas Chute is recorded as having married a Carrie Langton, although he might have remarried at some point. Further information is needed to determine which of these two Pierce Chutes married a Julia O'Connor and had a son, Richard, or if there is a third "Pierce Chute" who has not found his way into the records.
CHUTE, Mrs., of Leebrook, co. Kerry.
Frances, daughter of the late James Crosbie, Esq., of Ballyheigue Castle, co. Kerry (who was formerly M.P. for that county); m. Rowland Chute, Esq., of Leebrook, formerly Captain 58th Foot, who d. 185-, leaving issue. This is a younger branch of the Chutes of Chute Hall. - Leebrook., near Tralee, co. Kerry.
Source: The County Families of the United Kingdom or Royal Manual of the Titled and Untitled Aristocracy of Great Britain and Ireland. Edward Walford, M.A. 1864, Robert Hardwicke, 192, Piccadilly, Second Edition. Page 202.
"Trevor Chute is said to have been born at Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland, on 31 July 1816, the son of Francis Chute and his wife, Mary Ann Bomford. He entered the army in 1832, served first in the Ceylon Rifles and then in the 70th (Surrey) Regiment, and was a major by 1847. Duty in Ireland in 1848 was followed by the 70th's transfer in 1849 to India, where Chute was promoted to lieutenant colonel and commanded the regiment at Peshawar. Becoming a full colonel in 1854, he organised flying columns for pacification purposes during the Indian mutiny of 1857-58.Green, David. 'Chute, Trevor 1816 - 1886'. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, updated 18 March 2002 URL: http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/ Lady Ellen Browning
Chute arrived in New Zealand in May 1861 with his regiment, which helped to construct the military road from Drury to the Waikato River. He presided over a court of inquiry into the conduct of the 'battle' of Waireka. In March 1863 he was promoted to brigadier general commanding the troops stationed in Australia. In August 1865, now a major general, he returned to New Zealand to replace Duncan Cameron in charge of British forces while retaining his Australian command. Governor George Grey had proclaimed peace in Taranaki, while also confiscating a large tract of fertile land, on 2 September. However, soon after Chute's arrival several messengers sent to convey the terms to west coast Maori were killed, and on 4 October a supply convoy was attacked in the Hawera district. A further South Taranaki expedition was decided on; it was to be the last campaign in New Zealand by imperial troops.
Chute left Wanganui on 30 December with a 620-strong force which comprised about 270 Maori, a similar number from the 14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot, and detachments of artillery and Forest Rangers. During a six week campaign, seven fortified pa and some twenty villages between the Waitotara River and Mt Taranaki were destroyed by Chute's column, while locally based imperial troops inflicted further damage. This result was not achieved by sophisticated generalship. Chute's preferred mode of attack was frontal assault; casualties were sometimes heavy, and the rudimentary tactics worked only because his Maori opponents lacked numbers at given points. Nor did Chute encounter any of the modern pa which had defeated much sharper military minds.
Chute was ruthless with life as well as property. Few prisoners were taken - the Pai Marire prophet Te Ua Haumene, who had already made peace, was a notable exception - and there was little attempt to distinguish between 'rebellious' and 'submissive' hapu. Wide discretion was given to officers in charge of outposts, some of whom operated without consulting local experts. This campaign and the later expedition of Major Thomas McDonnell allowed military settlers to be placed between the Waingongoro and Waitotara rivers, but the long-term outcome of the scorched-earth policy was to be Titokowaru's War of 1868.
Chute's operations were interrupted by the 'forest march' of January 1866, in which some 500 men took 9 days to tramp from modern day Hawera to New Plymouth along a disused bridle track east of Mt Taranaki. The journey usually took two or three days, but the use of pack-horses necessitated the bridging of many of the 'twenty-one rivers and ninety gullies' which had to be crossed. As food ran out and rain fell incessantly, things 'began to look certainly very horrible, for no one knew where we were.' To avert starvation, two horses were killed and eaten: 'The heart was reserved for the General'. When the force marched into New Plymouth (after a halt to smarten themselves up) they were f�ted by the townspeople for their conquest of the interior. In truth, Chute had nearly lost his force without encountering the enemy.
Chute's military campaigns were followed by a dispute with Grey, who sought to retain imperial troops in New Zealand. British regulars were first limited to a passive role, then made responsible to Chute alone in December 1866, and progressively withdrawn. Although the last troops were not to leave until February 1870, from May 1867 only a battalion of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment remained. New Zealand ceased to be a separate command and Chute, created KCB in 1867, moved with his headquarters to Melbourne, Australia, where on 8 July 1868 he married Ellen Browning. They had no children. Having helped foster the volunteer movement in Australia, Chute oversaw the attenuation of British garrisons there, and followed the last imperial troops stationed in Victoria back to England in October 1870. He became colonel of the 22nd (Cheshire) Regiment, was made a full general in 1877, and placed on the retired list in 1881. He died at Binfield, near Reading, on 12 March 1886.
Chute was 'a short-legged man, with a shaggy, square, masculine head and powerful body. He walked deliberately, carrying his head a little to either side, and no man could precisely foretell his temper from day to day'. His nickname, 'The Kerry Bull', derived from both his general appearance and a resonant voice, which was fully exploited on the parade ground. His direct, unscientific approach to soldiering endeared him to his troops, but in New Zealand left him 'lonely as a moulting crow in the midst of his predecessor's brilliant staff'.
"I am a family historian and have some connection to the Chute family. General Sir Trevor Chute, the son of Francis Chute and Mary Ann Bomford of Chute Hall, married my cousin Ellen Browning in Melbourne in 1868. Your website states that she may have been Ellen Browning "or Brownrigg", but I can assure you Ellen was most definitely a Browning. Her father, Samuel Thomas Browning, was a banker long established in the colonies of Australia and New Zealand. He was a chairman of the Bank of New Zealand, as well as New Zealand Insurance and the Loan and Mercantile Agency. Her mother was Ellen McNeill, born in Liverpool in about 1813, the daughter of the merchant, Robert McNeill and his wife Ellen Highfield. Sir Trevor and Lady Ellen Chute were childless, and there was an age difference of about 33 years (she was born in Sydney, Australia, in September 1849). After Sir Trevor died in 1886, Ellen remarried to another career soldier, George Tennant Carre (in 1890). I am convinced she left no descendants, and died herself between 1890 and 1912."Daniel Browning, 29 JUN 2002 and 10 JUL 2002 IGI Record
"Ellen Browning was born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on September 24, 1849 at a house in Castlereagh Street (this is one of the city's main streets). She was baptised in the parish of St James, on February 6, 1860. Her parents were Samuel Thomas Browning (his profession is given as banker) and her mother was Ellen Browning. Samuel Browning (her father) was born in London on January 17, 1803, to Samuel and Jane Browning (formerly Davis). He was christened at St Mary's, in Lambeth, London, on September 4, 1803. Samuel died in Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand on June 11, 1888 of old age. He was 87. He was buried in Epsom on June 13. Ellen's mother, also named Ellen, was born in Liverpool in about 1813. She was the daughter of a merchant named Robert McNeill by his wife Ellen Highfield. Ellen Browning (the elder) died in Epsom, Auckland, NZ on October 12, 1899, again of old age.
Ellen Browning (the younger) married Sir Trevor Chute at St John's Church, Toorak, Melbourne, Australia on July 8, 1868. In 1890 she remarried, to George Tennant Carre (he was christened in Albury, Surrey, England on February 22, 1840 and died on May 22, 1912).
The Chutes were counted in the 1881 census. At this time, they were living in Terrace Road, Egmont, in Binfield, Berkshire. Sir Trevor is described as the head of the household and his occupation is given as General, Infantry Active List. He was 64, and his birthplace given as "Spa Thralee, Ireland". I assume they mean Tralee in County Kerry where of course there is a Chute Hall. Ellen is described as his wife, age 31, birthplace "New Sth Wales Sidney".
You might also be surprised to know that Sir Trevor administered the colony of New South Wales for a short time in 1867-8 after the departure of the last Governor before the arrival of the next.
I hope all this is of use. I wish I knew more about my cousin and her relationship with the man they called "the Kerry bull". Ellen's mother left a very detailed will and in it describes a portrait of Ellen in court dress, so at some time Lady Chute was presented to Queen Victoria. Hopefully one day I will find it."
Lieutenant Richard Chute, 66th Berkshire Regiment, was the youngest son of Richard Chute of Chute Hall. He was born at Kerry on 17th September 1856 and commissioned in 1877. He was amongst the men who made a last stand at Maiwand on 27th July 1880. Killed in the Battle of Tel el Kebir. Memorialized in the Maiwand Afghan Campaign War Memorial in Reading, Reading Borough, Berkshire, Great Britain. Unknown if this is a memorial or actual burial.
Source: See Source Reference.
CHUTE, Francis Blennerhasset, Esq., of Chute Hall, co. Kerry.
Eldest son of the late Richard Chute, Esq., of Chute Hall, J.P. and D.L., and formerly High Sheriff of co. Kerry), by his 1st wife Theodora, dau. and heir of Arthur Blennerhasset, Esq., of Blennerville; b. 1837; s. 1862; is Lieut. Kerry Regt. of Militia; High Sheriff of co. Kerry 1863. Chute Hall, neat Tralee, co. Kerry.
Heir pres., his half brother Thomas Aremberg (son of his father by his second wife Rose, dau. of Thomas, 3rd Lord Ventry), b.1843.Source: The County Families of the United Kingdom or Royal Manual of the Titled and Untitled Aristocracy of Great Britain and Ireland. Edward Walford, M.A. 1864, Robert Hardwicke, 192, Piccadilly, Second Edition. Page 202
CHUTE, Mrs., of Chute Hall, and Blennerville, co. Kerry.
Cherry Herbert, eldest dau. of Norcott d'Esterre Roberts, Esq., of Ardmore, co. Cork, who d. 1865, by Cherry dau. of the late Col. Robert Torrens, M.P. for Bolton; m. 1869 Francis Blennerhassett Chute, Esq. of Chute Hall and Blennerville, a J.P. for co. Kerry who d. 1902. leaving, with other issue, a son, *Richard Aremberg Blennerhassett, late Major Reserve of Officers and Capt. ret., late Manchester Regt., was High Sheriff of Co. Kerry 1914; educated at Cheltenham Coll., b. 1870; m. 1917 Anna, 2nd dau. of the Late Liet-Col. John Maxwell Low, of Sunvale, co. Limmck.- Chute Hall, and Blennerville; Tralee ; 22, Ashburton Load, Southsea.
Source: Halford, Edward, 1823-1897. The County Families of the United Kingdom: Royal Manual of the Titled and Untitled Aristocracy of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, Containing a Brief Notice of the Descent, Birth, Marriage, Education and Appointments of Each Person, His Heir Apparent or Presumptive, As Also a Record of the Offices Which he Has Hitherto Held, Together with His Town Address, County Residence and Clubs, 49th Edition, Printed at The Ballantyne Press, Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Co. Ltd., Colchester, London � Eton, England, 1919. Page 262.
This family was the last of the Chute Hall branch of the Chute family to live in Chute Hall. Francis also inherited Blennerville House, the home of the Blennerhassett family, which was sold in 1919 by Francis's son, Richard. (That house is still occupied, by the Johnson family).
In 1864 he was appointed to the Commission of the Peace for the county of Kerry.
The family left the family home in Ireland under very trying circumstances of growing agrarian violence and unrest in the area: fires were being set, threatening letters were being received; there was some property damage. Violence against other Ascendancy families at the time was often worse, but it appears that Francis did not wish to linger with his family, waiting for Kerry violence to reach that level.
By the time of the 1891 British Census the family was recorded as living in Cheltenham, Gloucester, and by 1901 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, where he died. There is correspondence which suggested that Francis never recovered from being forced into exile by the only country he had ever known and out of the home that he loved.
Son Arthur Torrens Chute and at least one grandson emigrated to the United States. Granddaughter Ann Theodora married the Earl of Harrington. Another son moved to Scotland.
There was a mention of Francis in a "State of Ireland" section of the Illustrated London News, in the paragraph describing shots being fired at a farmer who lived on his property.
Yesterday week the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland witnessed the evolutions of the troops at the field-day in Phoenix Park under General Sir Thomas Steele. Receiving a deputation of the Royal Dublin Society on Monday, his Lordship observed that it was to the steady and intelligent exertions of societies and individuals that they must look for the advancement of useful arts and science, and for the development of the material resources of Ireland. The Lord Lieutenant has addressed a circular to the resident magistrates throughout Ireland, asserting that the state of the country necessitates for the present the continuance of special resident magistrates in certain districts, and explaining their respective duties.
Cardinal M'Cabe has issued a pastoral denouncing the horrid deeds of vengeance which are making Ireland a byword amongst civilised nations, and describing secret societies as the direct enemies of the Church and her children. It is reported in Dublin that a conspiracy to assassinate the Cardinal has been frustrated by the devotion of his own flock, not by the vigilance of the police. His eminence received a warning several weeks ago that his life was in danger.
More murders are reported. About noon on Thursday week Mr. J. H. Blake, agent to the Marquis of Clanricarde, was riding on a car with his wife and a servant named Thady Kane, near Loughrea, in the county of Galway, in the same district where Mr. Bourke was murdered, when shots were fired from behind a loopholed wall. Mr. Blake and Kane fell dead, and the assassins escaped. Mr. John M'Causland of Belfast, was the same morning attacked near Ballyclare, in the county of Antrim, and killed with a scythe; his servant, named Larkin, being also seriously injured. A farmer has been arrested and examined on the charge of being connected with this crime. An inquest was held at Loughrea yesterday week on the bodies of Mr. Blake and his servant, and a verdict of willful murder against unknown persons was returned. The medical evidence showed that several bullets had entered the body of Mr. Blake, three having been extracted during the examination. His wounds appear to have been of the most terrible description. The murder of a constable named Beatty in King's County, is reported; Mr. Ballard and Mr. Geraghty, returning from Athlone on Wednesday last Meek, were fired at by some persons behind a wall, but neither was hurt. A farmer named Murphy, residing near Tralee, reported to the police that he was fired at on Sunday while returning home in company with a boy named Reidy. Murphy resides on the property of Mr. F.B. Chute, near Tralee, and since he went into occupation of his present holding, from which the former tenant was evicted, he has been under police protection. He was returning from mass on Sunday in company with Reidy when shots were fired at him. He escaped, but the bullets struck Reidy, without, however, seriously injuring him. One arrest has taken place. On Tuesday morning, at a very early hour, a labourer, named John Kenny, was murdered in one of the streets of Dublin. A man named Poole, in whose company Kenny had left his house immediately before the murder, has been arrested. The crime is attributed to Fenianism. A considerable number of arrests, under the Coercion Act, was made at Loughrea on Tuesday morning. The persons in custody are suspected of having been concerned in the murders of Mr. Bourke and his escort, and Mr. Blake and his servant."Source: The Illustrated London News, July 8, 1882, p.39
"David E. lived in Cornwallis until 1845, then removed to Yarmouth, Ontario. His widow, Maria M., m. (2) 1856, William Williams, an English weaver at Southwold, Ont."
Source: Parish, Roswell. New England Parish Families. Descendants of John Parish of Groton, Mass., and Preston, Conn. The Tuttle Publishing Company, Inc., Rutland, Vermont, 1938. Page 166.
WEC: "Lived in Charlestown a number of years, then moved to Waterville, Cornwallis, in 1891. Had 5 children."
Note: Additional children were born after the Chute Family genealogy was published in 1894 for a total of 8.