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Cincinnati abounds in clubs, social, literary and scientific. It being largely a collection of suburban towns, difficult of access one directly with the other, gathered around a central town readily accessible from each, has tended to the establish-ment of clubs. The Historical and Philosophical Society is located on Garfield Place. It has a Museum of Natural Curiosities, a historical Library of 7,000 volumes and over 40,000 pamphlets, many of them rare and containing a mine of information on the early history of this region. A club of a similar character is the Natural History Society, located on Broadway. This society has quite an extensive museum, and it stimulates an interest in the natural characteristics of the surrounding country. Connected with the club is a section devoted to photo-graphic work which makes excursions to the various points of beauty and interest about the neighborhood. These have resulted in a collection of beautiful views, which, supplemented by plates obtained exchange with similar societies, furnish the material for an annual exhibit of remarkable variety and excellent workman-ship. Lectures are given of a popular character on scientific subjects which are free to the public at large. The society has regular meetings at which papers are read and discussed. The Unity Club supplies a regular course of Sunday after-
noon lectures, open to the public at a nominal fee. These are usually given in the Grand Opera House, where are heard during the winter some of the best lecturers in the country. Through the efforts of Librarian A. W. WHELPLEY, they are largely attended, and have become a permanent fixture in the life of the city. The Unity Club comprises both sexes and has varied objects. Its membership is very large and far reaching. Throughout the winter on Wednesday evenings a regular course of exercises is carried out. One night it is a lecture by some member on some literary subject, the next night a debate, the following an amateur dramatic performance, or an opera, and so on throughout the year. These lectures are so arranged that they form a connected whole on some subject, each member being assigned a particular branch of the topic under study for treatment.
The Cuvier Club was organized in 1874, for the protection of game and fish and for social purposes. It has a very fine collection of 3,000 specimens of birds and fish. The building of the Club, on Longworth street, is excellently designed with a large room for a museum above where are trophies of the chase and social rooms with a small library and periodicals. The club claims to make the best laws, to catch the best fish and game in season, and to have in its membership the best whist-players of this section. The club has been of great ser-vice in keeping before the public and various legislatures the great harm that arose from the indiscriminate pursuit of game and fish and it has been indefatigable in its efforts to procure the enactment an enforcement of suitable laws.
Then there are the Ladies’ Musical Club, a Press Club composed of journalists and four large purely social clubs. Two of these, the Allemania and the Phoenix, are limited entirely to those of Jewish extraction. The Queen City Club has the handsomest building, and here are gathered the men of wealth of the city. It has attached a ladies’ apartment, which is enjoyed by the wives and daughters of its members. Billiard rooms and card rooms are plenty, and its table excel-lent. Within the club is another club, the Thirteen Club, with thirteen members, which seats itself and dines on the Thirteenth hour of the Thirteenth day of each month. The Anauias Club, devotes itself entirely to dining. The object of this club is good fellowship and the promotion of truth. It numbers its members newspaper men, lawyers, doctors, artists and musicians. It has no Constitution and only one officer, whose business it is to attend only to his own. At its dinners, which are only occasional, there rests in the centre of the table the original hatchet used in G. Washington in his famous cherry tree difficulty, surmounted by the skull of Ananias which is alike original—the identical skull which he used when living. The annual meeting is always held on Washington’s birthday; of course, his first and only one.
The Country Club has a very comfortable place near Carthage, with a con-venient clubhouse and large grounds, where can be had tennis, shooting, or any sports that suit the fancy. It is sufficiently far from the city for a pleasant drive for the members and their friends. The University Club is composed entirely of college graduates, and about all the principal colleges in the country are rep-resented. As with the Queen City Club a large number of its members lunch here regularly.
Two other characteristic clubs are the U. C. D. and the Literary Club. The U. D. C. is a club organized of ladies and gentlemen in 1866 on Mount Auburn, for the reading of essays, music and theatricals.
The Literary Club is time oldest of the kind in the country. At the first meet-ing were Judge Stanley MATTHEWS and A. R. SPOFFORD, Librarian of Congress. The club was devoted to the discussion of various topics, social, literary, theological and political, the reading of essays and a monthly newspaper; also recita-tions. Rutherford B. HAYES was elected a member in 1859, and on March 9th of that year, acting as chairman, he decided in the negative on the merits of the question: “Has the agitation in the North on the slavery question been an ad-vantage?” On the merits of the question the club also voted in the negative.
The same year the club discussed and decided in the negative, “Are
any causes at present existing from which we have reason to fear
a dissolution of the Union?” Among its members have been, many
men beside those here mentioned. Buchanan READ, Salmon P. CHASE, Fred.
HASSAUREK, O. P. MORTON, James BEARD, Generals MC CLELLAN and POPE,
W.HERRON, John M. NEWTON, W. F. POOLE, Ainsworth SPOFFORD,
D. CONWAY, Henry HOWE, Chas. REEMELIN, J. B. STALLO, Donn PIATT,
F. F. NOYES, Alphonso TAFE, etc. At the outbreak of the war the
organized itself into the Burnet Rifles, about 60 in number; a larger
of the members became officers in the Union army. The club is very
with an increased membership.
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