The German surname Setzer is an Upper German name with roots in the southern region of Bavaria. The name is derived from the German verb "setzen," meaning "to set," and was probably first borne by someone who worked at a market or fair, setting the prices of merchandise. The Low German variation of the name, Settegast, is even more specific, meaning "one who sets the price of barley." (info from 'House of Names')
The surname Setzer was first found in Regensburg; the first recorded bearer was Ortlieb der Setzer, who lived there in 1290. The young Setzer family was instrumental during this early period, playing a major role in the development of medieval Bavarian society. (info from 'House of Names')
A class of old German citizens from the 16th century, natives of the Preuben province, residing in Eberswalde (Wild Boar Woods or Forest). There is also listed, that the Lt. & Commander of an infantry troop, Herman August Setzer, in 1654, was distinguished for his great value to the Nation of the Prussian king's authority with the Medal of Valor, 1st Class and with paper of nobility in Pergament. [info from John Lee Setzer, Sr.'s book, Setzer Setser Genealogy]
Most descendents on this web site are from Jacob Setzer (abt 1730 - 1766) and wife Mary Magdalene Bovy of North Carolina. It also has descendents of George Tobias Setzer (1732 - 1808) and wife, Elizabeth Berrier of Pennsylvania, and Michael Martin Setzer of Pennsylvania. Most assume these 3 Setzer's as sons of Johann Adam Setzer who arrived in Philadelphia on the ship Patience" on 8/11/1750. I have no real knowledge or proof of this.
(5/10/2017) I have now added the Fore Fathers of Johann Adam Setzer, based on information found at Genealogy.com and Wikitree.com to my database. You can use this information for your research but I have no real knowledge or proof of this.
Below or some Setzer's or close spelling, of those arriving in the new world about the same time.