The Kansans and Whence They Came – Peisker Research
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Source Citation:
Richard Wilson, "", The Kansans and Whence They Came, Internet: (accessed ), < sites.rootsweb.com/~wilsweik/queries/Peisker.htm >.

Schurgast Emigrants

Which Germans in Doniphan County, Kansas, emigrated from the group of villages around Schurgast, Silesia, Prussia, and which of these were related to Johanna Peisker

Chain Migration

Between approximately 1863-1872, a large chain migration took place of up to sixty individuals from and around the village of Schurgast, Prussia, in the region of Silesia. They came to live in Kansas near Troy and Wathena in Doniphan County or in Shannon Township in Atchison County. Many may have originally gone to St. Joseph, Missouri, and soon moved to Kansas. Among them were the sisters Amelie "Mollie" Peisker and Johanna Peisker who immigrated on 9 Jun 1869 and 2 Oct 1872, respectively. Also among the many interlinked families and individuals were other Peisker families as well as a few others of particular interest. Some or maybe even most of these must have been related to the sisters.

Anna Peisker

One probable relative is Anna Peisker who married Hermann Wurghardt 12 Nov 1871 in St. Joseph, Missouri. Neither Anna's age nor her date of immigration are known. However, because a bride had to be at least eighteen years of age to marry without parental consent, Anna must have been born prior to 1853. No other references to Anna or any families in the area named Wurghardt have been found.note1

John G. Peisker

Johann Gottlieb "John G." Peisker immigrated 20 Jul 1863 aboard the "Hansa" with his wife, Anna R. Scholtz, and family. From at least 1865 onward, they lived in Marion Township, Doniphan County, Kansas. According to the state census of 1865, John farmed in Missouri during 1864, therefore he had very recently relocated to Kansas. Anna died 02 Mar 1889 and John died 17 May 1908. They were both buried in Rosedale Cemetery near Wathena, Kansas. They had the following children:

  1. Caroline Peisker (c.1854-1934) who was born in Prussia. She married Nels Peter Lindquist c.1877, and they moved to Omaha, Nebraska.
  2. Johanna E. Peisker (1857-1939) who was born in Prussia and never married.
  3. Emma Peisker (1864-1947) who was born in Kansas. She married William J. Harsch c.1887 and moved to Omaha.
  4. John Peisker (1866-1945) who was born in Kansas.
  5. William A. Peisker (1868-1943) who was born in Kansas. He married Elizabeth T. "Lizzie" Clark c.1900 and moved to St. Louis, Missouri.
  6. Henry Peisker (1870-) who was born in Kansas. He is last know living in 1885.
  7. Charles "Charley" Peisker (1872-) who was also born in Kansas. He was last known living in Jun 1918.

A Charles Peisker (c.1829-) lived with this family in 1875. Since they are similar ages, Charles would most likely be a brother or cousin of John G. Peisker.

Adolph Peisker

Adolph Peisker bought the NE 1/4 of Section 35, Township 4, Range 20, in Doniphan County on 15 Sep 1868. It may have been purchased on speculation, or he may have decided to move elsewhere. He sold half of it only one month later to Gottlob Wolff and the remaining half in August 1869 to Ernst Wolff who immigrated on the same ship as Amelie Peisker. Because property owners were required to be at least 21 years of age, Adolph must have been born before 1847. No other records of him have been found.

Shipmates

During Amelie Peisker's 1869 journey on the ship "Germania", there were sixteen other people on board who are known to be from the Schurgast area. Among these was a family that included:

  1. William Handke (1842-1901).
  2. Rosine Klinnert (1848-1931), his wife.
  3. Karl Traugott "Charles T." Handke (1868-1950), their son.

Another part of this same family was on Johanna Peisker's 1872 voyage on the ship "Hammonia". This group included Rosine Klinnert's mother, two brothers, stepfather, and three step-siblings:

  1. Johann Gottlob Peuker (1828-1876).
  2. Caroline Geppert (1818-1901), his wife.
  3. Julius Peuker (1857-1888), their son who later ran a pub in Atchison.
  4. Anna Peuker (1859-1880), their daughter.
  5. Emma Peuker (1862-1898), another daughter.
  6. William Klinnert (1844-1888), one of Caroline's sons from a previous marriage.
  7. Fredrick Klinnert (1853-1918), another son from a previous marriage.

Johanna continued to reside near members of this family long after arriving in Kansas. Part of the family had moved several miles away from the rest of the group to Shannon Township in Atchison County, and Johanna moved here as well after remarrying to Christian Weik in 1880. However, no direct relationships have been found between her and any of this family.

Areas to Explore

Since immigrants, especially single young ladies, typically first lived with relatives or friends from home, it may be helpful to work out with whom they had lived and when. In February 1874, Johanna Peisker married Christian Glamann. The 1875 state census shows that she first lived in Missouri before moving to Kansas. Since Christian was already well established in business in Troy, Kansas, long before their marriage, Johanna must have lived in Missouri with someone else sometime between then and her arrival. The obvious choice would be that she was living with her married sister. Amelie Peisker had married in 1869, however, she was already living in Kansas by 1870. Besides, Amelie must have lived with someone else prior to her own marriage as well. Therefore, Johanna probably lived in Missouri, probably in or near St. Joseph, immediately after her immigration with someone else who was part of the group.

Another source of potential clues may be in the list of people from the Schurgast area who were married in St. Joseph, Missouri, during the 1870's. Many there were married by the Justice of the Peace, but Johanna and several others were married by a German Lutheran minister who resided there, Henry F. Kirchoff. Finding records for his church, if any still exist, would be extremely helpful. The people known to have been married by Pastor Kirchoff and also suspected of or known to be part of this group are:

  1. Anna Peisker who married Hermann Wurghardt 12 Nov 1871, previously discussed.
  2. Karl Peuker who married Margaretha Kohler 25 Jun 1872. This was witnessed by Gottfried and Johanne Scholz.
  3. Elizabeth Koehler who married Heinrich Ebel 22 Oct 1872.
  4. Johanna Peisker who married Christian Glamann 14 Feb 1874.
  5. Charles Peuker who married Louisa Schilg 15 Jun 1874.

It was not uncommon for people to cross the Missouri River from Kansas to get married in St. Joseph, so this does not necessarily mean that they lived there at the time.

Schurgast Emigrants Selected Documents

Emigration

'Auswandererlisten [Emigrant Lists], 1850-1934', Emigration Office, Hamburg, Germany.

(Direkt) VIII A1, Vol. 23, pp.526-541.
Steamer Germania, from Hamburg, Germany, to New York, departed 26 May 1869.
[original text in German]

p.534.

Aug. Kirstein, from Schurgast, Prussia, laborer, age 29, male.
Marie Michalke, from Schurgast, Prussia, single, age 19, female.
Amalie Peisker, from Schurgast, Prussia, single, age 26, female.
George Hasubick, from Schurgast, Prussia, butcher, age 40, male.
Ernst Wolff, from Schurgast, Prussia, miller, age 40, male.
Anna Wolff, from Schurgast, Prussia, wife, age 32, female.
Pauline Wolff, from Schurgast, Prussia, child, age 11, female.
Paul Wolff, from Schurgast, Prussia, child, age 7, male.
Bertha Wolff, from Schurgast, Prussia, child, age 3, female.
Emma Wolff, from Schurgast, Prussia, child, age under 1 year old, female.

p.535.

Wm. Mochross [sp?], from Cantersdorf, Prussia, miller, age 29, male.
Robt. Wolff, from Schurgast, Prussia, miller, age 26, male.
Robt. Nowack, from Koppen, Prussia, miller, age 23, male.
Wm. Handke, from Nicoline, Prussia, laborer, age 27, male.
Rosine Handke, from Nicoline, Prussia, wife, age 21, female.
Carl Handke, from Nicoline, Prussia, son, under 1 year old, male.
Pauline Goppert, from Wei▀dorf, Prussia, single, age 29, female.

(Direkt), VIII B1, Vol. 27, pp.1041-1053.
Steamer Hammonia, from Hamburg, Germany, to New York, departed 18 Sep 1872.
[original text in German]

p.1046.

Johanne Peisker, female, age 24, from Schurgast, Schlesien, single.

p.1049.

Gottlob Peuker, male, age 45, from Nicoline, Schlesien, farmer.
Caroline Peuker, female, age 54, from Nicoline, Schlesien, wife.
Wm. Peuker, male, age 23, from Nicoline, Schlesien, child.
Fr. Peuker, male, age 19, from Nicoline, Schlesien, child.
Juls. [Julius] Peuker, male, age 15, from Nicoline, Schlesien, child.
Anna Peuker, female, age 9, from Nicoline, Schlesien, child.
Emma Peuker, female, age 9, from Nicoline, Schlesien, child.
August [sp?] Folgner, male, age 38, from Schurgast, farmer.
Henriette Folgner, female, age 38, from Schurgast, wife.
Robert Folgner, male, age 9, from Schurgast, child.
Bertha Folgner, female, age 7, from Schurgast, child.
Paul Folgner, male, age 6, from Schurgast, child.
Elise Folgner, female, age 2, from Schurgast, child.
Emma Folgner, female, age 5 months, from Schurgast, child.

Immigration

'Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897', U.S. Customs Service.

S.S. Hansa, from Bremen, Germany, and Southampton, England, to New York, arrived 20 Jul 1863, p.6.

Chr. Schwope, age 32, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
Marie Schwope, age 26, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Caroline Rohrchen, age 29, female, from Prussia, in steerage, died 13 Jul 1863.
Louise Rohrchen, age 4, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Aug. Rohrchen, age 11 months, male, from Prussia, in steerage.
Gottlieb Peisker, age 32, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
Anna Peisker, age 30, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Caroline Peisker, age 9 1/2, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Elisabeth Peisker, age 7, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
William Peisker, age 5, male, from Prussia, in steerage.
Frederic Peisker, age 11 months, male, from Prussia, in steerage.
Gottfr. Scholz, age 24, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
Johanna Scholz, age 22, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Chr. Scholz, age 9, male, from Prussia, in steerage.
Wm. Scholz, age 5, male, from Prussia, in steerage.
Ernst Scholz, age 9 months, from Prussia, in steerage.
Gottfr. Lindner, age 36, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
Maria Lindner, age 30, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Pauline Lindner, age 6, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Johanne Lindner, age 11 months, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Charles [Kammer?], age 28, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
Johanna [Kammer?], age 24, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
John G. Handtke, age 45, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
William [Kunisch?], age 46, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
Juliana [Kunisch?], age 40, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Charles Peusker, age 32, male, farmer, from Prussia, in steerage.
Johanne Peusker, age 30, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
Anna Peusker, age 5, female, from Prussia, in steerage.
John Peusker, age 6 months, male, from Prussia, in steerage.

'Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Baltimore, Maryland, 1820-1891', U.S. Customs Service.

Bark Industrie, from Bremen, Germany, to Baltimore, arrived 27 Oct 1863, p.3.

Gottlieb Peuker, age 45, male, weaver.
Johanne Peuker, age 46, female.
Carl Peuker, age 18, male.
Gottlieb Peuker, age 13, male.
Emil Peuker, age 6, male.

'Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897', U.S. Customs Service.

Steamer Germania, from Hamburg, Germany, and Havre, France, to New York, arrived 09 Jun 1869.

p.2.

79. August Kirsten, age 29, male, workman, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
80. Marie Michalke, age 18, female, unmarried, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
81. Amalie Peisker, age 26, female, unmarried, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
82. George Hasubick, age 40, female [male], butcher, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
83. Ernst Wolff, age 40, male, miller, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
84. Anna Wolff, age 32, female, his wife, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
85. Pauline Wolff, age 11, female, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
86. P. Wolff, age 7, male, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
87. Berthe Wolff, age 3, female, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
88. Emma Wolff, age 7 months, female, baby, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck. Died, landed at Havre.

p.3.

115. Wm. Mockross, age 29, male, miller, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
116. Robt. Wolff, age 26, male, miller, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
134. Robt. Nowack, age 23, male, miller, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
135. Wm Handke, age 27, male, workman, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
136. Rosine Handke, age 21, female, his wife, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
137. C. Handke, age 9 months, male, his baby, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
139. Pauline Goppert, age 29, female, unmarried, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.

Steamer Hammonia, from Hamburg, Germany, and Havre, France, to New York, arrived 02 Oct 1872.

p.5.

Gottlieb Peuker, age 45, male, farmer, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Carole. Peuker, age 54, female, his wife, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Wm. Peuker, age 28, male, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Fr. Peuker, age 19, male, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Juls. Peuker, age 15, male, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Anna Peuker, age 9, female, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Emma Peuker, age 9, female, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
August Folgner, age 38, male, farmer, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Henriette Folgner, age 38, female, his wife, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Robert Folgner, age 9, male, child, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Bertha Folgner, age 7, female, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Paul Folgner, age 6, male, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Elise Folgner, age 2, female, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.
Emma Folgner, age 5 months, female, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.

p.11.

Johanne Peisker, age 24, female, unmarried, from Germany, destination U.S., occupied between deck.

Notes

  1. [The surname most similar to Wurghardt found in the area is Wykert.]

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