A county forming the N.W. extremity of Vermont, has an area of about 77 square miles. It consists of a number of islands in the northern part of Lake Champlain, and the southern part of a peninsula lying between the lake (including Missisque bay) and the Richelieu river. 

      The surface is undulating, the soil fertile, and adapted to grain and grass. This county is regarded as producing the finest apples in the state. Wheat, oats, wool, and grass are the staples. In 1850 the county produced 31,324 bushels of wheat; 81,027 of oats; 6980 tons of hay; 93,225 pounds of wool; and 70,291 of butter. It contained 1 marble quarry, 1 tannery, 5 churches; 1364 pupils attending public schools, and 33 attending academies or other schools. 

      This county is almost surrounded by Lake Champlain, which is navigable for vessels of 90 tons burthen. It is traversed in the N. part by the Vermont Central railroad. Organized in 1802. Capital, North Hero. Population, 4145.

(1854 U.S. Gazetteer)




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