Pension Application of William and Anne Preston Smith: W10257
††††††††††††††††††††††† Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris
State of Virginia Franklin County SS
††††††††††† On this 1st day of March 1824 personally appeared in open Court William Smith a resident of said County aged sixty five or six years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provision made by the acts of Congress of the 18th March 1818 and the 1st May 1820. that he the said William Smith enlisted for the term of nine months in the year 1778 (the month not recollected) in the State of North Carolina at Northampton Courthouse in the Company commanded by Capt. Richard Mossam in the 10th Regiment Commanded by Colonel James Hogun in the line of the state of North Carolina, which Regiment was afterwards reduced to the 3rd. And at Halifax in the said State he was transferred to Lieutenant [sic: Lt. Col.] William Lee Davidson and afterwards served under Lieutenant Faun [probably William Fawn]. that he served in said Corpse and was marched to West Point in the state of [blank space, but should be New York] where he was stationed for some time, and before his term of service expired he reenlisted in the regular service during the war under Lieutenant John Ford, and continued under this same officer untill he was marched to the South under Lieutenant Campbell to prevent the taking of Charleston South Carolina by the enemy. on approaching the neighbourhood of that place he was taken prisoner by the British and Tories, by whom he was detained for some time, when he effected his escape and joined Colonel Thomassonís (or Thomsonís) troops of horse [see note below] and was placed under Capt. Robert Lusk, and continued to serve in said troops untill the surrender of Cornwallis [19 Oct 1781]. He then received a furlough which authorized him to retire from the service until he should be notified to return, which he did and was not again called on. he was in the battle near West point at the hanging rock, he believes in North Carolina [sic: Hanging Rock in Lancaster County SC, site of a skirmish on 30 July 1780 and a battle on 6 Aug 1780], also at the taking of the Congaree fort Sc. [Fort Motte?, 8-12 May 1781]† also at Hughtaugh Springs SC [sic: Eutaw Springs, 8 Sep 1781], and at Guilford [Battle of Guilford Courthouse, 15 March 1781], although not in the engagement, he having been out with a Scouting party, at the time the Battle was fought.
††††††††††† And in pursuance of the act of the 1st May 1820, I do solemnly swear that I was a resident Citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818, and that I I have not since that time by gift, sale or in any manner disposed of my property or any part thereof with Intent thereby to diminish it so as to bring myself within the provisions of the act of Congress entitled an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval services of the united states in the revolutionary war passed on the 18th March 1818 and that I have not, nor has any person in trust for me any Property or Securities, Contracts or debts due to me, nor have I any income other that what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed and by me subscribed. No estate real or personal† my occupation is that of farming and planting. I am much debilitated and cripled in body, my eye sight has greatly failed me. I have four in family, to wit, my wife named Anny aged about fifty five years; my Daughter Mildred aged about twenty five years and her son named Sampson aged five years, and an adopted son named Mellen Preston near thirteen years old. The assistance which my family affords me is not sufficient to relieve and overcome the difficulty which poverty daily imposes upon me. I therefore implore the aid of the General Government for my future support
††††††††††† William hisXmark Smith
††††††††††† I could not identify ďColonel Thomassonís (or Thomsonís) troops of horse.Ē It is possible that the clerk misheard Smith referring to Col. Thomas Sumter, who organized a partisan band of rangers following the surrender of Charleston on 12 May 1780. Sumter led the successful attack at Hanging Rock on 6 Aug 1780.
††††††††††† In Barren County KY on 14 Feb 1851 Anne Smith, 89, applied for a pension stating that as Anne Preston she married William Smith in Franklin County in the fall of 1795, and that he died in that county on 8 June 1835. The file includes a copy of a bond signed by William Smith and Jesse Preston in Franklin County on 9 Nov 1796 for the marriage of Smith to Anne Preston. Her application states that they had three children before 1800: Milly, Betsy, and an unnamed infant.