Original Shire

Welcome to the Elizabeth City Co, VAGenWeb Project

Announcements: The Elizabeth City Page has a new coordinator who would like to see these pages grow!! Please consider contributing your family photos, stories etc. to the  email address below.  We thank Carol Morrison for her previous work and contributions to this page and owe it to her to make this project grow.

I would like to start the following pages:

Family Histories
Military Records and Info
Town Tidbits
Misc Records and info

Historical & Background Items of Interest

Elizabeth City County, one of the eight original shires, was created in 1634. It was originally known by the name of Kecoughton. The name was later changed to Elizabeth City County which became extinct in 1952 when it was incorporated into the City of Hampton. The City of Hampton was burned during the Revolutionary War, The War of 1812 and during the Civil War. Some records exist from 1634 to 1861. The records are complete from 1865 to present day.

Elizabeth City (Virginia Company)

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Elizabeth City (or citiie as it was then called) was one of four incorporations established in the Virginia Colony in 1619 by the proprietor, the Virginia Company. The plantations and developments were divided into four "incorporations" or "cities", as they were called. These were Charles City, Elizabeth City, Henrico City, and James City. The latter included the seat of government for the colony at Jamestown. Each of the four "citiies" (sic) extended across the James River, the main conduit of transportation of the era. In 1634, under Royal authority, a portion became Elizabeth City Shire, later Elizabeth City County.

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Elizabeth City County, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elizabeth City County  (shaded in green) was located at the eastern tip of the Virginia Peninsula on this 1895 map. Originally created as Elizabeth River Shire in 1634, it is now part of the independent city of Hampton, Virginia.

Elizabeth City County (shaded in green) was located at the eastern tip of the Virginia Peninsula on this 1895 map. Originally created as Elizabeth River Shire in 1634, it is now part of the independent city of Hampton, Virginia.

Elizabeth City County was a county in eastern Virginia which is now extinct. Originally created in 1634 as Elizabeth River Shire, it was one of eight shires created in colonial Virginia by order of the King of England. In 1636, it was subdivided, and the portion north of the harbor of Hampton Roads became known as Elizabeth City Shire. It was renamed Elizabeth City County a short time later.

Elizabeth City was originally named Kikotan (also spelled Kecoughtan and Kikowtan), presumably a word for the Native Americans living there when the English arrived in 1607. They were friendly to the English, but Sir Thomas Gates either worried about safety (including potential attack by the Spaniards and the Dutch) or coveted their corn fields after the "starving time" of the 1609-10 winter. The English seized their land while the men were out hunting, and for some reason, the natives never attacked the settlement in response.

The shire and county were named for Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of King James I.

The town of Hampton, established in 1680, became the largest town in Elizabeth City County, and was county seat. In 1908, Hampton was incorporated as an independent city. The county and the former town of Phoebus in the county were merged into the independent city of Hampton in 1952.

The original boundaries of Elizabeth City County in the mid 17th century essentially form those of current city of Hampton today. Since the English settlers occupied Kecoughtan in 1610, and Jamestown was eventually abandoned, the city of Hampton now claims to be the oldest continuously-settled English city in North America.

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain


Tidewater Virginia Families, A Magazine of History and Genealogy, owned and published by Virginia Lee Hutcheson Davis.   Subscriptions are $24 per yr. US; Canada and overseas, $29. Published quarterly.  Write her at

316 Littleton Quarter
Williamsburg, VA 23185-5519
Tele: (757) 220-4888

Genealogically Oriented Pages

Surname Register

REGISTER your Elizabeth City Co surname and email address for other researchers to contact.

VIEW Surnames already posted and VIEW Surnames recently posted

Query Page

POST a Query regarding your Elizabeth City County family

VIEW Queries already posted

Family Reunion "Bulletin Board"

 FAMILY REUNION PAGE, where you can post or view information about upcoming family reunions in Virginia.

Virginia Surname Homepage Register:

FAMILY WEB PAGES, where you can post the URL address of your own Virginia Family WebPage, if you have one, and see who have already registered theirs.

Family Records Corner

This section is reserved to post historical/genealogical information about Elizabeth City County families or links to Elizabeth City County related genealogy home pages.

Help Needed!!  Have you come across an old family Bible--visited a cemetery and written down the information from the grave marker(s)--copied and/or abstracted any Last Wills and Testaments--copied and/or abstracted Deeds or other records pertaining to Elizabeth City County families?  Do you have family photos you would like posted here? If you would like to share your research, etc. with other people and have them included as part of this Family Records Corner, please email sjebel by clicking on the link below.

You can also view what others have already submitted by click "HERE."

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