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Welcome to the Kiowa Tribe Archives of the state of Oklahoma!

Kiowa Tribe

Derived from the tribe's own name Ka-i-gwu, which means "principal people."

The Kiowa migrated southward from the mountains of what is now western Montana and later took over the Black Hills of South Dakota. After years of war with the Cheyenne and Dakota tribes 9who had pushed into the Black Hills from the north), they moved south into what is now western Kansas and eastern Colorado. they had become true Plains Indians, living by horse and buffalo.

 After a long period of war, they made permanent peace with the Comanche (about 1790). As allies, the two tribes ruled most of the lands between the Arkansas and Red Rivers, resisting white settlement. In 1865, they agreed to accept a shared reservation  (Kiowa-Comanche-Apache) in western Oklahoma, signing the Treaty of Medicine Lodge in 1867. After the Battle of Washita and the winter campaign of 1868-69 against the Plains Tribes, the Kiowa were forced onto their reservation by the military. In 1892, they agreed to accept individual allotments (although mnone were issued until 1901, when their reservation was opened to white homesteaders).

One of the great tribes of the Plains, reputed to be the most brave and courageous, yet most warlike. ( Today they are seen as one of the most progressive Indian groups in southwestern Oklahoma.) Noted for their pictograph calenders, which are paintings on skins that recorded seasons and tribal events. In the last century, five artists celebrated as the Kiowas Five elevated Indian painting to "easel art", in which the tribes's past comes alive.


   Kiowa Nation Archivist - Katy Hestand



Help the Kiowa Archives Grow, Kindly Submit Data

If you have any cemetery records, bible records, deeds, applications for citizenship in the Kiowa Nation, etc... please send them to  me as an attachment in an e-mail to Please be sure to identify that it is for the Kiowa Nation. It also needs to be a plain text file, no HTML and no images. This ensures that everybody will be able to read it, no matter what kind of web browser. Here is a help file.

The information found below has been submitted to The USGenWeb Archive Project. It is offered free to all who visit. The ownership - copyright stays with the submitter. Please read and respect the copyright on all submittals.

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I would like to thank Linda Simpson
for designing and maintaining this site.
Linda Simpson 2002 for the US Gen Web Archive Project

Maintained by Archivist Katy Hestand
2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 for the US Gen Web Archive Project

Saturday, 10-Mar-2007 12:06 PM

Linda Simpson - Indian Nations Archivist
Katy Hestand - Co-State Archivist