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About Roberts County
Roberts County is in the northwestern Panhandle,
bounded on the north by Ochiltree County, on the east by
Hemphill County, on the south by Gray County, and on the
west by Hutchinson County.
The county was named for two distinguished Texans with
the surname Roberts, John S. Roberts and Oran Milo
Roberts. Miami is the county seat. The county is crossed
by U.S. Highway 60, State Highway 70, and the Atchison,
Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.
Roberts County covers 924 square miles of rolling plains
with elevations that range from 2,467 to 3,219 feet
above sea level. The county has a growing season of 192
days, the soils are black, sandy loam with clayey
subsoils, and between 11 and 20 percent of the land is
considered prime farmland.
Prehistoric cultures occupied this region, followed by
Plains Apaches. In the early eighteenth century the
Apaches were pushed out by the Comanches, who then
dominated the area of the Texas Panhandle until the
The nomadic Comanches hunted the immense herds of
buffalo that ranged through the area that would become
Roberts County. The actions of Ranald S. Mackenzie and
federal troops in the Red River War of 1874-75 removed
the Indian threat. At the same time buffalo hunters
killed off the great herds of bison.
The first settler was Bill Anderson, who arrived in
1876. Henry Whiteside Cresswell established the first
ranch on Home Ranch Creek in 1877. Cresswell included
most of Roberts County in his Cresswell Ranch and ran
45,000 cattle on land spanning several counties.
By 1890 Roberts County had a population of 326 and
thirty-four farms and ranches. The county population
slowly grew to 620 in 1900, 950 in 1910, and a peak of
1,469 in 1920.
Roberts County's population was relatively static in the
1920s, with 1,457 inhabitants in 1930. Thereafter a long
term decline set in, as the county population fell to
1,289 in 1940, 1,031 in 1950, and 967 in 1970 and then
recovered slightly to 1,025 in 1990. Throughout its
history Roberts County has remained one of the most
sparsely populated counties in the state. In 1990 Miami,
the county seat and the only incorporated community in
the county, had 675 inhabitants, or two-thirds of the
The Roberts County Museum, housed in the restored Santa
Fe depot, contains, among other things, paleontological
artifacts collected by Judge J. A. Mead in the 1930s.
Miami holds a National Cow Calling Contest every June in
the city park; the contest was begun in 1949 as part of
the town's annual Old Settlers' Reunion.
Miami, living up to its name, has continued to advertise
itself as the "Sweetheart of the Plains." In 1991 it was
an incorporated town reporting a population of 661 and
To post your Queries, Biographies,
Bible Records, Deeds, Obituaries,
Pensions, and Wills, please visit the Ancestry Message
for Roberts County, Texas.
Roberts County Message
The Roberts County Page
LaRae Halsey-Brooks & Eireann Brooks
This page was last
updated February 19, 2023.
Bluebonnets - Texas State
ï¿½ 1997-2023 by the Roberts County
for the TXGenWeb Project