James Jackson Hammack
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Crosby County Biography

In Remembrance of

J.J. Hammack
If you can supply photograph, contact

Rose Spray
Birth Date:   May 5, 1843       Death Date:   Dec. 20, 1910


Rank: Sgt. (Confederate States of America)
Commanding Officer: Capt. W. L. Maroney
Organization: Co. E, 12th Alabama Infantry CSA
Date of Enlistment: June 13, 1861
Date of Discharge: July 14, 1862
Enlisted in the State of: Alabama


James Jackson Hammack was born in Ft. Payne in Coose County, Alabama May 5, 1843. He had a leg shot off in the ´Battle of Seven Pines´, as the confederates called it, or ´Fairoaks´, as the Northern soldiers knew it. He lay 2 1/2 hours on the battlefield after he was wounded. (J.J. had a wooden leg after this.) His mother was Nancy Ann Portress, of French descent; his father´s name was Willoughby Hammack.

Mr. Hammack served four years, being wounded just before he was nineteen years old, near the close of the war.

Coming to Gainesville, TX, about 1878, he married Miss Amanda Frances McGee, daughter of a lawyer, teacher and preacher. Mr. Hammack did not have to work when he was a young man because his parents owned many slaves, and farmed a whole valley. But young Jim became deeply interested in a boot and shoemaker..he learned this fascinating work, which stood him well after the slaves were free, the South was broke, and Jim Hammack, himself had a wooden leg.

In 1886, October 4th, the Hammack's with their little daughter, Orleanna, landed on Teepee Creek in Motley County. Later they moved on to the Quaker Colony at Estacado, where Jim Hammack applied his trade, making fine boots for the cowboys and cattlemen. They lived in a shed-room of Stringfellow and Hume´s General Merchandise store, and she ran a restaurant in her home. Orleanna attended the Quaker school.

The Hammacks moved to Emma, where Mr. Hammack became postmaster and still made boots for trade. Orlie married R. A. Jones, and later Mr. & Mrs. Hammack moved to their farm on Crawfish Draw, where he died in 1911. Mrs. Hammack married Mr. Vanderlip and moved to Floydada, where she lived until her death. She was a fine nurse, and made many trips with Dr. Carter to help in his work.

Submitted by: Ralls Historical Museum
SOURCE:( A grand-daughter, Mrs. Roy Crawford, has the "old family Bible" and her Grandfather´s discharge papers. She furnished the service record for the committee.)

James Jackson Hammack Family

James Jackson Hammack was born in Fort Paye, DeKalb Co., Ala., May 5, 1883. He was the son of a plantation owner and served in the Civil War as a member of Company E of the 12th Regiment of Alabama Infantry. At the Battle of Seven Pines he was wounded which resulted in the amputation of his left leg. After the war he came to Texas in 1867. Letters to his family back in Alabama tell of Indian attacks and an offer to teach school. He was offered $240 a year and board. These letters were written from Montague Co., but requested mail be sent to Gainesville, as mail was uncertain at Montague.

At Gainesville, Jim Hammack, met Amanda Frances Magee, daughter of John C. and Elizabeth Penton Magee. In July 1869, he addressed a letter to Amanda telling her of his faults and shortcomings and advised her "to consider them well and if her feelings are then unchanged he will make known to her father their intentions and have his approval or disapproval." On Oct. 21, 1869 the couple was married at Gainesville (Cooke Co., TX).

The first child of the Hammacks, Mary Palistine was born June 2, 1876, in 1877 on a trip back to Pyane, Ala. Mary Palistine "Palley" became very ill, and died Sep. 4 and was buried at Terrell, Kaufman Co. The Hammacks continued their trip to Alabama where their second daughter, Orlieanna Vermelerie, was born July 10, 1878.

When the Hammacks returned to Texas is unsure, but in 1882 Jim Hammack served as deputy sheriff of Cooke Co. in 1886 the family moved to Teepee City, Motley Co. From there they moved to Estacado where Jim applied his trade, making fine boots for the cowboys and cattlemen and Mrs. Hammack ran a restaurant on the side in a room of Stringfellow and Hume´s General Merchandise Store.

While at Estacado, Orlie attended the Quaker school and often attended their church. Just as she was ready to begin the study of Latin, the Hammacks moved to a section of land eight miles away and she was unable to attend the Central Plains Academy. Later Jim Hammack moved his bootmaking shop from Estacado to Emma.

In a letter from Dickens, dated Mar. 23, 1894, Jim tells of "trying to get a mail contract from here to Emma, Bro. Askin and myself think we will get it, if we do I will come home and stay on that end of the route. We are offered the route from here to Emma for $1,080 per year, which will be $540 due per year each. Bro. Askin will take it from here (Dickens) to between Pansy and the Two-Buckle and I will meet him there and go back to Emma. Will commence the 1st day of July for four years."

On Sept. 21, 1897, J. J. Hammack was appointed postmaster at Emma, and held that position until Jan. 16, 1907, when he turned the post office over to Mrs. E.C. (Alice) Brown.

The Hammacks were charter members of Church of Christ at Emma and Mr. Hammack was a member of Odd Fellows Lodge.

After retiring from the post office, the Hammack family moved to their farm in Crawfish Draw, located northwest of Cone. Orlie, who had married R.A. "Dick" Jones, Aug. 22, 1895, was also living in this area with her family.

On Dec. 20, 1910 at the age of 67 James Jackson Hammack died and was buried at Cone. In 1915 Amanda sold her farm and bought a house in Floydada. She died May 6, 1916 and is also buried at Cone. [Correction Note: Amanda is buried in Floyd County]

Written by Mrs. Roy Crawford

Source: "A History of Crosby County 1876-1977" page 306; © Crosby County Historical Commission 1978; Taylor Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas.

Others Researching This Family

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Headstone Photograph, Inscription & Sentiments

U.S. Government Marker

Additional Photos & Documentation

Father: Willouby Hammack
Mother: Nancy Ann Portress
James Jackson Hammack was married first to Sarah A. Williams 17 MAY 1866 in Cooke County, Texas.
Second marriage to Amanda Frances Magee Oct 21, 1869. Amanda´s second marriage was to a Vandiver (Vanderlip) about 1911 in Crosby Co., TX. Upon her death she was buried in Floyd Co., TX



J. J. Hammock, an old time respected citizen of Crosby County, died at his home near Cone, Texas, Tuesday the 20th of this month, and was buried at the Cone Cemetery on Wednesday the 21st by the Crosbyton Odd Fellows of which lodge the deceased was a life long consistent member. He leaves surviving him a grief stricken widow and daughter, and a host of friends, all of which have the heartelt sympathy of the community. The Odd Fellows will draft resolutions of respect which will appear in the next issue of the Review.

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