Mowhawk Valley Document

Transcription follows below

Transcription done by Tami Ramsey 07/2000

The Mohak Valley of Tennessee
Within the Northern section of Overton County Tennessee there is a valley known locally as the Mohawk Valley. Just ho this name developed gives rise to a lack of concern, care or understanding of the Indians who once occupied this area. Indians did not own the land as white settlers owned property. To the Indians the land was provided by the giver of all gifts and was given to mankind for the sustainment of life. There were recognized territorial rights for the purposes of hunting, fishing, camping, et. But not for ownership.
This area was known as Indian Territory until 1805. It was claimed by North Carolina and Virginia for the purpose of settlements in the 1770 to 1795 time period. In 1796 when Tennessee became a state it was Indian territory as was all of the area to be later designated Overton County. With the free land grants to soldier of the Revolutionary War and to selected political officials both North Carolina and Virginia encouraged settlement in the area of north middle Tennessee and southern middle Kentucky. With the War of the rebellion in 1812 which was supported by the loyalist in this area both states awarded free bounty land to those veterans or widows who made application. The line between Kentucky and Tennessee was not finally settled until around 1818. The Walker line. Many of the early settlers were thus from Kentucky or had Kentucky connections.
As the settlers moved into the northern areas of Overton County they settled on the Obes River first then on the mouths of the ctreeks, then on the major creeks, on the lesser creeks and finally on the runs. Eagle creek with a main stream and a West fork was one of the major creeks along with Mitchells Creek, Irons creek, Ashmunds, and many others made up the waterways of the area. Ashmunds creek with an east, middle and west fork encompasses the upper reaches of the Mohawk Valley. Some of the early settlers, but not the earliest settlers in the Ashmunds creek area were TAYLOR, SELLS, REEIDE, SMITH, MARTIN, DENNIS, CONNER, HATCHER, HUDDLESTON, HOLT, PATRICK, ASHBURN, WILBORN, CLARK, HURD, ARNEY and others. Many of these settlers had connections back to Cumberland County Kentucky and either North Carolina or Virginia. Two of these early known settlers had the distinction of living in two states at the same time. Harris HATCHER and Joseph CONNER lived in both Overton County Tennessee and in Cumberland County Kentucky prior to 1818. Harris HATCHER married Mary CONNER, the sister of Joseph CONNER. Both HATCHER and CONNER were from Cumberland County Kentucky. HATCHER via North Carolina and CONNER via Virginia. As the settlers were added to the three forks of the Ashmunds creek community. These settlers……..(Click here for page two)

This copy of an original is in the possession of Cleston Conner,sent to him from The Society of the Descendants
of Washington's Army at Valley Forge. Its original origin is unknown but it looks to be written about 1852. Joseph Conner died in 1854.

Return To Overton Co. TN Page

©2000-2004 published by Tami Ramsey for personal use only, they may NOT be reproduced in whole or part in any format for presentation, distribution or profit by anyone without the express written consent of the contributor.