Abraham Hembree


            Data Project         



        Revision – February 2004





           by Larry Petrisky


              ([email protected])



           edited by Joyce Reece


              ([email protected])




                © 2002  no restriction on

                using or copying this data

                if properly cited


                   Abraham Hembree or Emery


Revolutionary War Soldier,

frontier farmer, part Cherokee, Baptist,

and one of the original Smoky Mountain “Hillbillies”


                   born  May 16, 1757  Upper* South Carolina


died circa 1837   Tennessee  (Hamilton County?)


married 1777 or 1779  Winnifred “Winnie” Jackson

                                      (b.c. 1760  d.c. 1808)



Abraham’s father:


          William Emory       b.c. 1727 England

                                      d. July 1770 Charleston, SC

                                      buried 31 July 1770 St Philip’s Parish,

                                                Charleston, SC


William Emory was the son of John Amory, Indian Trader (d.1746),  who was also buried at St Philip’s Parish in Charleston.




Abraham’s mother:


          Mary Grant,  Cherokee


                                      b.c. 1728 Tellico, Cherokee Nation

                                      d.c. 1766  Goose Creek, SC




* “Spartanburg” by tradition. Upper South Carolina is more correct.
Table of  Contents


Preface & acknowledgements                       . . . . . . . . . .           5


Part One  -- History


Abraham Hembree – an introduction             . . . . . . . . . .  7

Abraham’s father                                         . . . . . . . . . .  8

Abraham’s mother                                       . . . . . . . . . . 14

Abraham’s first name                                   . . . . . . . . . . 15

Abraham’s last name                                    . . . . . . . . . . 18

The Pre-War Years                                      . . . . . . . . . . 19

Who was David Hembree?                           . . . . . . . . . . 24

Abraham’s brother Drury                             . . . . . . . . . . 27

Abraham’s other brothers Joel and Joel?       . . . . . . . . . . 29

The War Years 1776 - 1783                          . . . . . . . . . . 31

Abraham’s wife                                           . . . . . . . . . . 32

Abraham’s tribal affiliation                            . . . . . . . . . . 34

The Church Years 1798 – 1828                              . . . . . . . . . . 35

The Pension Applications 1819 – 1835         . . . . . . . . . . 38

Descendant’s Cherokee Applications            . . . . . . . . . . 41


Part Two -- Genealogy


The Hembree & Emory Family Tree             . . . . . . . . . . 48

Notes on the Amory – Emory Family            . . . . . . . . . . 56

    John Amory Family Sheet                         . . . . . . . . 56

    Sarah (Wilson) Amory Nightingale                       . . . . . . . . 62

    Family Sheet:  John Robert Emory (1727)           . . . . . . . . 68

    Family Sheet:  William Emory (1728)                   . . . . . . . . 71

    Family Sheet:  John Hembree (1744)                   . . . . . . . . 73

    Family Sheet:  James Hembree (1785)                . . . . . . . . 75


Family Sheet:  Drury Hembree (1755)            . . . . . . . . . . 80

    Family Sheet:  Benjamin Hembree (1795)           . . . . . . . . 86

    Family Sheet:  John Hembree (1797)                   . . . . . . . . 88

    Family Sheet:  Isaac Hembree (1797)                  . . . . . . . . 90




Family Sheet: Abraham Hembree (1757)        . . . . . . . . . . 92

    Notes on Abraham Hembree’s Children . . . . . . . . . 93

    Family Sheet:  James Lee Hembree (1790)         . . . . . . . . 101

    Family Sheet:  Ephraim Hembree (1796) . . . . . . . . 104

    Family Sheet:  Joel Joseph Hembree (1802)       . . . . . . . . 108

    Family Sheet:  Reuben Emery (1804)                   . . . . . . . . 109

    Family Sheet:  Isaac Hembree  (1806)                 . . . . . . . . 111

    Family Sheet:  James M. Hembree (1809)          . . . . . . . . 112

    Family Sheet:  Davis Hembree (1817)                 . . . . . . . . 116


Family Sheet:  William Hembree (1754)         . . . . . . . . . .118

    Family Sheet:  William W. Hembree (1774)         . . . . . . . . 123

    Family Sheet:  Owen Hembree (1777)                  . . . . . . . . 126

    Family Sheet:  Isaiah Hembree (1781)                 . . . . . . . . 129

    Family Sheet:  Irah Hembree (1783)                    . . . . . . . . 131

    Family Sheet:  Johnson Hembree (1784) . . . . . . . . 132


A Compendium of Joel Hembrees                . . . . . . . . . .135

    Family Sheet:  Joel Hembree (1755)                    . . . . . . . . .141

    Family Sheet:  Joel Hembree (1770)                    . . . . . . . . .144

    Family Sheet:  Joseph Joel Hembree (1779)       . . . . . . . .  147

    Family Sheet:  Joel Hembree (1802) IL               . . . . . . . .  149


Family Sheet: James Lindley Hembree (1808). . . . . . . . .150


Part Three – Census data


Mapping the family using census data           . . . . . . . . . . 151

1790 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 152

1800 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 156

1810 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 158

1820 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 159

1830 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 161

1840 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 164

1850 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 169

1850 Family locator                                      . . . . . . . . . . 172

1860 Census data                                         . . . . . . . . . . 173


Index                                                                      . . . . . . . . . . 175


Preface and acknowledgments



The Abraham Hembree Data Project began in a Spartanburg court

house in 1825 when Judge Theodore Gaillard tried to organize

some facts about Abraham Hembree in a way that could be under-

stood and accepted by others.


It was revived in northern Georgia in 1906 when some of

Abraham’s descendants tried to prove to United States Special

Commissioner Guion Miller what they all knew was common

knowledge:  that the family had Cherokee blood in them going back

to Abraham Hembree.


In the late 1990’s, with the boom of shared genealogy via the

Internet, dozens of people around the United States (and Australia)

attempted to pool what they knew about Abraham Hembree and

come to some understanding of who he was, where he came from

and who was in his family.


I will admit that I avoided the Abraham Hembree / Drury Hembree

families (and all of the Spartanburg Hembrees) because my

ancestor, “Old John Hembree” of Pendleton District, South

Carolina, was difficult enough to follow.  I was armed with some

specific information about John Hembree that was passed down

from his great-granddaughter and this information was so different

from any information available that I spent twenty years ignoring

and trying to disprove it until I had one of those “Eureka” moments

in the basement of a state archive building.


When I finally came “on line” in 2000, I was stunned to see in the

late Richard Martin’s work, “The Descendants of John Hembree”

(on that Old John was represented as the

father of Drury and Abraham.  Senior Hembree researchers Bob

Hembree and Dale Standifer quickly disputed the father-son

connection but, sadly, Dick Martin had passed away before he

could amend his genealogy.


I was somewhat relieved to have Abraham and Drury shaken out of

my family tree until I found out that Standifer and Hembree agreed

that the real father of Abraham and Drury was William Emory – the

brother of my “Old John”.  This “clicked”.  My John was orphaned in

mid-childhood and  taken in by cousins who lived at Goose Creek,




South Carolina, then taken in by his “uncle” – his much-older

brother William.  When William died, I was told, John took care of

his nephews, which apparently included Abraham.


In defense of Dick Martin’s assumption, John was more of a father

to Abraham than William was.  (Notice the avoidance of the name

“William” in Abraham and Drury’s line.)


Assumptions are a necessary evil when piecing together a puzzle

such as Abraham Hembree.  The available data is slim, confusing,

and contradictory.  Plus, the families of Abraham, Drury, Old John,

and others work as though the other branches of the family do not



The big assumption in this project is that the census data should be

the proving ground of family data.  For example, there are no sons

in Abraham Hembree’s household in 1790 so this project rejects

the “older son William” theory that I myself embraced. 



I am indebted to many researchers who have helped me.  First,

to my great-great grandmother Sarah Ann Hembree who wrote

down what she heard and carefully repeated it to the next two

generations.  Then to the current generation of researchers, both

the “old school”  who  lost their eyesight on microfilm readers and

the “new school”  who can access information quicker than the time

it takes me to find a blank census form.  Some of those who have

helped me:  Danica Love, my cousin Hilda, Ed Copeland, Leslie

Ashman, Brenda Bridges, Deana Hembree, Phil Hembree, Patsy E.

Bowers, Dale Standifer, David Hembree, Janice Stokes, Bob

Hembree, Linda Eaton, Dick Martin, Guy Merritt, Artie Morgan,

James Hembree, Sandy Otos, Leslie Bell, Tammy Hembree-Reavis, Margaret Harris, David & Elesa Hembree, Leota Bennett,

my friend Joyce Reece, and many others.


All mistakes and faulty reasoning are mine – not theirs.  Complain

to me – not them.



Larry Petrisky

[email protected]







Abraham Hembree – an introduction



            Abraham Hembree (or Emory) was born May 16, 1757 in upper South Carolina

(traditionally, but incorrectly, Spartanburg County).  He is an elusive but

rewarding target for genealogical research.  Just when you think you have him

characterized, he leaves and becomes another person. 


            He grew up between three different worlds.  His father, William Emory,  was

            born 1728 in England and came to Charleston, South Carolina in 1738.

            William was the son of Indian traders and he lived among the Cherokee.  The

            Emory family was strongly British, active in the colonial government of  South

            Carolina (under the name Amory).  William married the half-blood daughter of

another Indian trader and had six children.  William probably left the family

c.1758 to join the British Army during the French-Indian War (1758-1763).

Abraham was 13 when his father died, so the impact of his father on his life is

not known.  


            Abraham’s mother was a Cherokee woman who lived with the tribe but went

            to lower South Carolina during the French-Indian War.  This second world, the

            Cherokee, was disappearing from South Carolina during Abraham’s youth. 

The tribal towns were being wiped out and by 1776 they were gone.  It is possible

that Abraham’s mother died in 1760 (smallpox) or 1766 during the “plague” that

swept lower South Carolina.



            The third world that had a claim on Abraham was the emerging world of the

            American:  Abraham was not really British, not really Cherokee – he was an

            American at a time when nobody was sure what that meant.


            Abraham Hembree was a colorful character of the frontier.  He lived on lands

            that were historically part of Cherokee territory and he died on the “front porch”

            of the Trail of Tears.  I hope to bring out some of his Cherokee tradition.




Abraham’s  father



            Abraham’s father was William Emory, who was born 1728 in Lincolnshire,

England.  He was the son of John Amory, an Englishman who brought his

family to Savannah, Georgia in December 1737 but, after securing         a land grant

of 500 acres in Purrysburg in South Carolina, he was persuaded to move to

Charleston which he did in December 1738.  [The Colonial Records of the

                State of Georgia,  edited by Kenneth Coleman (Athens, GA: U. of Ga. Press, 1989) :

XXXII,   249, 264, XXIX 233-234;  also  The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia, 

edited by Allen D. Candler (Atlanta : State Legislature, 1916):  II, 215, IV 164, V 137. John

came with wife Sarah, 3 young ch., sons “Will” and “John”, and 2 indentured. ]  


            John Amory became the steward of the household of the late Governor Johnson

            and lived at the governor’s residence in Charleston.  (The youngest son of the

            governor returned to England, fever had killed the rest of the family.)  [The

 Colonial Records of Georgia,  Candler: IV 238, 241 ] 


While residing at the governor’s house he hosted delegations of Indians who

came to conduct tribal business.  The king of England was represented by the

royal governor of South Carolina in all affairs concerning the southeast tribes.

The tribal chiefs were always accompanied by white men they trusted (usually

those who lived with them – the traders),  interpreters, and people of their own

tribe who could best understand whatever European language (English, Spanish,

French) was being used.   Delegations from the Cherokee nation went down to

Charleston yearly on official visits and unofficial visits (to receive presents)


An important trading agent to the Cherokee was James Adair (1709-1783) but in

1744 he relocated to the Chickasaw nation (Mississippi).  One of his

“lieutenants” in the Cherokee trade was Ludovic Grant, who resided among the

Cherokee in what is now the Nantahala National Forest in North Carolina (on

the Valley River).  From 1741 to 1746 (and beyond) John Amory and his wife

Sarah hosted Cherokee delegations several times. [The  Colonial Records of South

Carolina : Journal of the Commons House of Assembly 1742-1744 ,  edited by J.H. Easterby

et al, (Columbia: SC Archives Department, 1954) : 167, 195, 251 etc.]

John himself became a licensed Indian trader and associated with Ludovic Grant

and William Elders. [Berkeley County, South Carolina Archives, entry made May 12, 1744]

(Cherokee descendants of Grant, Elder and Amory could still be found on the Valley

River in 1835 and 1852.)


A young Cherokee woman who may have attended those delegations because she

understood many languages also served as a trading interpreter in Purrysburg,

where Swiss, German and Dutch were being heard as often as English, French

and Spanish.   She was the consort/translator of Thomas Ayers (Eyres), the

Cherokee agent for Georgia. [The Col Recs of Georgia, Candler:  IV 372,424,487,501;

V 276,277]  In 1744 she had a son by John Amory and named him John Emory.


[South Carolina sent for Thomas Ayers in 1743 to advise them on fort construction, in particular:

a fort at Purrysburg.  (Col. Recs. of SC, Journal of the House 1742-1744, Easterby, pp. 218, 240,

241, 262, 268).  John Amory had his lands surveyed there in Oct 1742, and began spending time

there and upriver in the Indian trade, having his wife Sarah submit his expenses in Charleston.

Just as Oglethorpe had his “Creek Mary” to make his appeal to the Creeks,  Ayers had his

“Cherokee Mary” to make his appeal for Cherokee help against the Spanish in 1740.]



Around that time John Amory’s sons William and an older son John Robert (who

came over as indentured servants to John) were of age (16) and they too entered

the Indian trade.  (Each licensed trader had, under his general license, up to a

dozen men who worked as tanners, packhorsemen, traders, and guards.)



The John Emory born 1744 became known as “Old John Hembree”.  Whether

John Amory or his son William Emory was his father is hard to solve.  The oral

history of my line back to then goes: “Sallie, daughter of Edward, son of Edward,

son of John, then William or John, William being the son of John, the

Englishman.”    I am pretty sure William Emory is not the father of Old John

Hembree but my own family tradition does not exclude the possibility.


John Emory who became “Old John Hembree” had white relatives through

his mother and Carolina Cherokee relatives as well.  She was therefore the

daughter or granddaughter of  a white man and we suspect his name was John or

James Moore of Goose Creek (Indian trader) but we have never found the

connection.  She was a tribal member and her half brother was the war chief Warhatchie (Wawhatchee or Wauhatchie) of Keowee.  (The Lower Cherokee

had an “R” in their dialect, the Upper and Overhill did not.)


The name of  “Old John” Hembree’s mother is not known but her “nicknames”

were “Mary Ayers/Eyres” and “Many Ears” – it was written both ways in her

notes and my great-grandmother could not make sense of it.  She thought it was

Ayers.   Family legend says she went to England on tribal business, was

“presented to the queen”, and died over there from a sudden illness.  Since her

father was a Moore and her first husband was Ayres, we construct her name Mary

(Moore) Ayres, b.c.1721, d.c.1751.


Her death supposedly happened while “Old John” was in mid-childhood.  The

best fit for this legend happened in 1751 when a delegation of Cherokee from

Keowee, Tellico and elsewhere (mostly from South Carolina) set out to be heard

by the king of England concerning their frustration with the governor of South

Carolina. Little Carpenter (Attakullakulla) and Wauhatchee were among them.

The “Young Emperor” recalled that the king told them in 1730 that if they ever

needed to speak with him they could go to the royal governor in Carolina or

Virginia and be heard. So off to Virginia they went. [The Colonial Records of South

Carolina : Documents Relating to Indian Affairs 1750-1754:  p.151-154, 161. In 1751 four


Indian traders were reportedly killed and SC “officially” halted the trade with the Cherokee

even after peace was restored and it turned out only one trader was killed.]


The Cherokee were well-treated in Virginia but ridiculed in South Carolina and

their “understanding” in Virginia was voided.  “Old John” Hembree’s mother

did not come home.  Perhaps she died in Virginia or perhaps some enterprising

sport did transport her to England. 


The bad blood between the Cherokee and South Carolina continued to rise.  The

death of the Old Warrior in 1753 shifted the balance of Cherokee political power

from the Lower towns (in South Carolina) to the Overhill towns in Tennessee.

(Smallpox in the Lower towns and humiliating defeats against the French-armed

Creeks who destroyed 2 villages in South Carolina caused many Cherokee to

move into the middle and valley towns.)


This came at a time when Virginia and England wanted Cherokee support in the

war with the French.  The Cherokee offered to join the war, but could not get the

governor of South Carolina to furnish them with the same kind of weapons that

the French were giving the Shawnee.  Besides, the Cherokee warriors did not

want to leave their families unprotected against Catawba and Creek opportunists

who would kill their sons and steal their daughters.  The Cherokee wanted forts

built for the protection of their families.  They made this request every year from

1746 on. The governor of South Carolina (James Glen) agreed, but could not get

the funding. Virginia really wanted Cherokee help so the governor of Virginia

stepped in and hastily built a “fort” near Chota in 1755. This embarrassed Glen so

he set out in 1756 to personally oversee the building of a better fort near Great

Tellico.  (The Virginia fort was never garrisoned.)    


Glen was replaced as governor enroute and the new governor ordered the fort

building expedition to halt.  To the Cherokee, this was another example of

bad faith.   They had ceded land in 1746 for a fort at Ninety Six on the Saluda

River (not built), and ceded land in 1753 near Keowee for Fort Prince George

(built 1753) but there was no good fort in the Overhill towns.


This is just a little background.  A more complete and footnoted version of how

the Hembree/Emory families were involved with the Cherokee will be forth-

coming.   We just want to lay the groundwork for establishing the location of

Abraham’s birth and proving his Cherokee heritage and proving that William

Emory is his father.


A descendant of William Emory, Ludovic Grant, John Stuart, and General Joseph

Martin, Jr. gave me a detailed account of how William Emory was a Captain in

the militia and involved with the events of Fort Prince George (near Keowee) and

Fort Loudon (near Tellico) and was killed by some of John Sevier’s men but this

account has, alas, been unprovable concerning William (but his son “Captain

Will” was killed by Sevier’s men in June 1788).



The drama and tragedy that unfolded in the South Carolina upcountry from

1750 to 1778 will be expanded in a later work but, in short, the Cherokee were

wiped out of South Carolina except for a few holdouts in the northwest (what is

now Oconee County).    The Emory (or Amory or Hembree) family was closely

related to these events but William Emory’s precise role is hard to determine.

The evidence strongly suggests Robert and William Emory were not in South

Carolina 1758 – 1763 (during the French-Indian War).  There is a tradition that

William was an officer, a captain, but apparently not in a colonial company.


            The complete account of how the Amory/Emory family got drawn into the

            world of Indian traders will be developed in a separate report with ample

            references but trust me for now that Ludovic Grant and other traders had visits

to the Amory residence and the most successful Indian trader of that era (in

terms of money) was William Emory’s mother, Mrs. Sarah Amory,  who was

later Mrs. Sarah Nightingale.   [The Col Recs of South Carolina : Journal of the Commons

House of Assembly   1741 thru 1757 numerous refs. When Grant came down from the Cherokee in 1755 he

asked for Gov. Glen’s protection against his creditors. SC Docs Ind Affairs (3) 5, 53-9  from Brown, p.48 ].


            William Emory married a half-blood daughter of Ludovic Grant and lived

            with her in the Cherokee Nation in the Snowbird Mountains of North Carolina

in Tomatly (on the Valley River).  

[The Tomatly in TN is obscure before 1760;  Ostenaco moved Tomatly from North Carolina during the siege of Fort Loudon.   Grant was in NC.  See Duane H. King (ed.),  The Cherokee Indian Nation (Knoxville : U of TN Press, 1979).]


            William had three famous daughters and one infamous son among the Cherokee

(Will, a confederate of Dragging Canoe). But when the war with the French

broke out along the Indian frontier c.1753, Emory moved down into South

Carolina (residing at Ninety-Six, his family moved to Goose Creek c.1760).

(Ludovic Grant also withdrew from the Cherokee and retired to Charleston in

1756, where he shortly died.)


In South Carolina, William went off to join the British Army.  His half-brother    John Emory (b.1744) was orphaned after the death of his Cherokee mother in

751/2 and John was sent by Wawhatchee to live with white “cousins”, the

Nightingales of Goose Creek, SC.  Thomas Nightingale (1716-1769) was an

Indian trader among the Catawba and Cherokee.   His 2nd wife was Sarah Amory

Elder, William Emory’s mother, widow of John Amory, and widow of another

Indian trader,  William Elder or Elders, (not the daughter of Thomas Amory of

Charleston and Boston, Massachussetts; she was a Wilson by birth). 


            William had two sons in South Carolina:


                        Drury Emory / Hembree           b. 12 Dec 1755  SC

                        Abraham Emory / Hembree      b. 16 May 1757  SC.



            In a land grab meant to protect the Cherokee (by putting them and therefore their

land under British sovereignty), Gov. James Glen opened up the upper part of

South Carolina for settlement in 1755 after the building of Fort  Prince George

near  Keowee.   


William Emory had access to the upcountry, though he cannot be located in

Spartanburg.   Settlers began appearing on the Tyger River by 1756 but that

was well into Catawba territory and a man with three Cherokee daughters

would never locate himself among the enemy of the Cherokee.


Another family tradition has William serving in Georgia or Alabama after 1758

and fathering a few children there by a Creek woman.  Capt. Raymond Demere,

who would be the leading officer at Fort Loudon (until relieved by his brother

Paul) was deployed in Georgia around that time, with “three independent

Companys of South Carolina under his Command” in Georgia.  [The Col Recs

 of Georgia,  Candler,  VII  133.  Capt. Paul Demere was deployed likewise but his 1756 muster

roll is known and includes names like Jacob Bright, Daniel Davis, Nicholas Murphy, Paul Pettit,

William Love, John Wilson, John Beard, George Davis, James Sullivan, and John Martin – all

recruits from the Cherokee back country. (See June Clark Murtie, Colonial Soldiers of the South,

1732 – 1774, (Baltimore : Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986): pp.992-998)].  As to the rumor

of Creek children, Don L. Shadburn, the foremost researcher of Georgia

Cherokees, says in his Cherokee Planters in Georgia 1832-1838  (Roswell, GA: W.H.Wolfe Associates, 1989, 1990):  “. . . William Emory . . . sired both Cherokee and Creek children in the 1750’s and 1760’s”. (p.16)       


Although we have yet to locate William from 1758 to 1765, and it is doubtful

that he had anything to do with Fort Loudon, the family had a lot of ties to the

events.  These will be developed in the next report.


The controversy over the most famous Cherokee Emory,  Susannah, will be

treated at length then.  She “married”  Capt. John Stuart in 1757/8.  Stuart

(1718-1779) was older than William Emory, and he left the Cherokee country

for good after narrowly escaping with his life in August 1760 at the fall of

Fort Loudon.  (He too retired to Charleston.)    That Stuart’s Susannah is the

daughter of Robert Emory, not William Emory, will be demonstrated more fully

later.  William’s Susannah was no more than ten years old in 1760.   

(The Creek children, we believe, are probably Robert’s as well.)


            The British army struck the Cherokee hard and forced a peace in September 1761

            which pretty well ended the French-Indian War in the Carolinas and Tennessee.


            Cherokee territories were reduced as well.  William returned to Charleston by

1766, perhaps at Goose Creek.   On October 2, 1766 he witnessed a deed (as

William Amory) in Charleston for a land sale in Saint Mark’s Parish.  [Book         G-3 Charleston Land Deeds – Lease & Release,  p.373]



            On November 18, 1768, his marriage “settlement” (acknowledgement) to the

            widow Mrs. Sarah (Loocock) Cantle was noted in the “Miscellaneous Records”

            Volume OO 1767-1771, p.97-101 (1768).  [from Barbara R. Langdon, Implied

 South Carolina Marriages Vol III 1671-1791, (Aiken, SC: Langdon): p.2]  (The

Loococks resided in the Goose Creek parish as well as Charleston.)


He is shown as “William Armory” in the records but in her will she is shown

as Amory.  The will of Sarah Amory of Saint Andrew’s Parish is dated

November 11, 1769.  She gives her “husband  William my plantation in trust

for life.”  Her will was proved on July 20, 1770.   Just a few days later, William

died as well.  He was buried July 31, 1770  at Saint Philip’s Parish, where his

father lay.


The Mary Emory of Goose Creek who died in 1769 and was buried at Saint

Philip’s is probably not Mary (Grant) Emory, the daughter of Ludovic Grant;

but the second wife of  John Emory, according to the journal of Colonel

Isaac Hayne (d.1781). Thomas Nightingale, who died within days of Mary’s

death,  was also buried at Saint Philip’s.


Besides Ludovic Grant, the names of Cornelius Daugherty (associated with

Grant in the Valley towns),  Abraham Smith (a trader associated with Keowee

and Robert Emory),  Ambrose Davis (an interpreter and messenger)*, and, of

course, Thomas Nightingale are important white men to track to locate William

Emory. Among the Cherokee are Corn Tassel (or Old Tassel), Abraham (Old

Abram), Wawhatchee, and Attakullakulla (or Little Carpenter).  Tassel (Grant’s

brother-in-law) and Abram were killed by Sevier’s men in 1788 under a flag of

truce. Wawhatchee was among those murdered at Fort Prince George (1761).

And Little Carpenter was the benefactor of Captain John Stuart, saving him

from execution at the fall of Fort Loudon (part of the revenge for the Fort Prince

George executions).  Little Carpenter, who went to England in 1730 as a young

man, was also the father of Dragging Canoe, who would figure in the next

generation of the Emory Cherokee story.  [Little Carpenter’s connection to Grant began in

1730.  The thick mythology around him ignores the fact that prior to 1755 he was associated with the

Lower and Middle towns and was often considered an enemy of the British.  He was not  “Peace Chief” or

“Second Man” and was the only Cherokee bef. 1758 to have “dead or alive” warrants issued on him by the

governors of SC (1746) and VA (1757—for  military desertion).]


            *  Abram/Ambrose Davis of the Cherokee village of  Ioree (Ayoree) in North Carolina.  He

was an interpreter and somewhat of a rascal.  He had   a run-in with William Emory’s

father-in-law, Ludovic Grant in the turbulent 1750’s.   Davis helped to defend Fort

Prince George in what later became Pickens District when it came under Cherokee attack.

                                Ambrose Davis, who styled himself a “linguister”,  wrote the report from the Overhill

towns that the French were trying to recruit the Cherokee into   frontier warfare in 1746.

Davis was an occasional traveler to Charleston with the Cherokee delegations hosted by

Mrs. Sarah Amory and others.






                                                                                           ixp 14

Abraham’s mother



            Abraham’s mother was born Cherokee, c.1728 in Tellico (now in Tennessee)

            and d.c.1766 in Goose Creek, South Carolina. She was part of the “aristocracy”

of the Cherokee, a tribal member.

Since she was a tribal member, her children were born Cherokee (membership

followed maternal lines).   (The notion of “half blood, quarter blood, 1/32

blood” and so on, is a white invention.  If you were a tribal member, you were

Cherokee, period.  The unfortunate racial purge in the mid 1800’s in Oklahoma

based on blood percentage and skin color was not “the old way”.)


            Cherokee lands, villages and tribal affiliations were destroyed from the 1750’s

through the 1770’s,  so her people lost their homelands and tried to live as

farmers in upper South Carolina among half-breeds and tolerant whites.


            Was Mary Grant (b.1728), daughter of Ludovic Grant, Abraham’s mother?  I

have not thought so.  I assumed along with others that Abraham and Drury were

from a second wife, but family tradition from two different descendants of

Abraham say that “William and Mary” were the parents.  This could indicate a

second Mary but a careful analysis of the movements of Ludovic Grant, William

Emory and Thomas Nightingale along with parallel movements of the Vann,

Watts and Welch Cherokee families to Ninety Six at the same time seem to clinch

Mary Grant as the mother.  Of considerable weight is the fact that the “Emory

boys” (Robert and William) and the “Grant Cherokee girls” (Susannah and Mary)

were just youths when they married and had that romantic bond of youth that kept

them together.  (This was not the typical case of a 45-year-old trader fathering a

child with a 15-year-old Cherokee.)  Plus, the apparent bond between William and

his father-in-law Ludovic Grant was a fortifying influence on the marriage.



             The computer-predicted name of Abraham’s mother was:


            Matilda             30 %     (with Joel b.1755 as her son, 20% without)

Nancy                          20 %

            >>         Mary   <<                     15  %    (with Joel b.1755 as her son, 25% without)

Catherine                        5 %

                        Rebecca                         5  %

                        Margaret                        5  %

                        Unknown                     20 %.  







             Her computer-predicted date of death was:


                        1769                            30 %  (a Mary Emory of Goose Creek and a

                                                                        Catherine Emory  were buried at St. Philip’s

 that year) << revised : Mary is the mother

                        1766                            20 %  (“plague” hits upper SC)

                        other yrs bef 1770        10 %  (with Joel b.1755 as her son,  20% without)

                        between 1800-1810     30 %  (with Joel b.1755 as her son,  0% without)

                        other yrs aft 1770        10 %  (with Joel b.1755 as her son, 30% without)




Abraham’s first name



            Where did the name Abraham come from?  Three possibilities arise: 


                        Abram (Abraham) of Chota and Chilhowee, later known as “Old

                        Abram”; a Cherokee chief.  Abram’s Creek in the Great Smoky Mountain

National Park is named for him.  Timberlake’s 1762 / 1765 map shows

“Abraham’s Cr.” feeding into the upper Tennessee River.  This is the

most intriguing possibility.  An incorrect family legend was that William

Emory was killed by John Sevier’s men but it is a fact that Old Abram was

killed by Sevier’s men in 1788.  Abram (c. 1725-1788) led the attack on

Fort Watauga (Capt. John Sevier’s post) in 1776.  He and Old Tassel

(c.1712-1788) were killed under a flag of truce at Chilhowee.  I have a

hunch without any justification at all, that Abram was a son of an early

Indian trader (Grant? Daugherty?). (See “Old John” Hembree’s son

Michael Emery for another connection between our family and Abram.)    



                        Abraham (Abram) Smith, an Indian trader born inVirginia (?)  who was

                        affiliated with Robert Emory in 1750 and in the supply of Fort Loudon

in 1757  and 1758.  He was based in Keowee and held a license to

trade in the lower towns until around 1754 when South Carolina felt he

was helping Virginia too much.  He was also affiliated with Thomas

Nightingale and delivered Nightingale’s alarming letters from the

Cherokee nation in May 1749.  [The Colonial Records of South Carolina :

Journal of the Commons  House of Assembly March 28, 1749 – March 19, 1750,

edited by J.H. Easterby pp. 87,163,201,216].



                        The third possibility is that this is a family name from England. In the

                        northwest part of Lincolnshire there were several Abraham Amory,

                        Isaac Amory, John Amory, Robert Amory and Andrew Amory families

                        that seem to be related to our John Amory.  The family in Lincolnshire

                        came to England in the 1600’s from Normandy (Protestant Huguenots).

                        They followed Biblical naming patterns such as “Abraham, Isaac, and

                        Jacob” (Exodus 3:16),  “Andrew, James, John”  (Luke 6:14) with an

                        occasional David or Peter.  Where, though, do they get “Robert” and



                        Robert, Duke of Normandy (b.1027) was the father of William the

                        Conqueror.   Modern England began with William’s invasion of the

                        island in 1066.  Proud Normans (who were being crushed in the 1600’s)

                        liked to remember that they “fathered”  England.







            Note on Abraham Smith:


            When South Carolina tightened the regulation of the Indian trade in 1751, Smith

            was listed as one of the traders who “were of a known good Character and

            Reputation”  and “who have given sufficient Proof  of a good Behaviour amongst

            these Indians for some Years.”  [The Colonial Records of South Carolina : Documents

Relating to Indian Affairs 1750 –  1754,  pp. 165-166 ].


            He was at Keowee with Richard Smith, who could speak Cherokee.  A third man

            who was from Virginia was trader Richard Pearis, who could also speak the

language.  Pearis recruited Wawhatchee and other Lower warriors to assist the

Virginians on three separate occasions in 1755-1756, 1756, 1757.  These Virginia

connections will become important in the next volume when we develop the

tragedies of Fort Prince George, the murder of Wawhatchee, the destruction of

Keowee, the siege of Fort Loudon, the Revolution, the Cherokee’s continued war

after the Revolution, how the Emory girls wound up with Gen. Joseph Martin, Jr

(Virginia’s Agent to the Cherokee) and so on.  (Pearis, a Loyalist, set up his

trading post (replacing Abraham Smith’s) on the Keowee River before the war.

His descendants and those of Smith were still there in 1790.)


Abraham Smith’s assistance to Virginia almost cost him his license in South Carolina

then  Virginia Governor Robert Dinwiddie’s letter to South Carolina’s James Glen

of August 5, 1754, (in which Dinwiddie apologized for Smith’s behavior) dashed

any hope of Smith working for Virginia.  (Dinwiddie would also dismiss Pearis after

he and his Cherokees were honored by Maryland and Pennsylvania and he had a low

opinion of George Washington too.)  [The Dinwiddie Papers, The Papers of George

Washington, numerous refs. and examples available online].


            The mixed-blood descendants of Abraham Smith,  Richard Smith and Ambrose

            Davis    remained in upper South Carolina.  (See 1790 census at page 82, 83.)


            Both Thomas Nightingale and Abraham Smith made supply transports from Keowee

            to Fort Loudon in late 1756 and early 1757.  (This is how Susannah Emory wound up

            there in 1757.)  [SC Commons Journal of 11 Mar & 21 Mar 1757, 19 Jan & 2 Feb 1759, etc].

            Smith also met Capt John Stuart in Dorchester, SC, and guided him for 8 days on his

            reinforcement expedition to Fort Loudon in 1759. [Ibid.  11 Jun 1760].


                                                                                          ixp 18

Abraham’s  last name



            Abraham used the name “Emery”  on legal documents but was comfortable

            with Hembree  as well.  Since some of his daughters married Hembrees, it is

            impossible to say which form of the name is correct for his descendants.


            The name “Hembree” speaks uniquely of South Carolina, and is the preferred

            form in that state.   Descendants also have gone by Emery and Emory.  We use

            “Hembree” in this report because the initiative for the project came from

            Hembree researchers.



            Abraham’s father spelled his name Emory, which should settle the matter.


            Abraham’s grand-father spelled his name  Amory, which should settle the



            But back in England the Amory and Emery forms are used equally.


            In short, the matter cannot be settled.  (Among the Cherokee the name

            “Emory” is known.)


            Drury’s descendants have gone by “Hembree” more so than Abraham’s but it

            all seems to come down to preference, not any patronymic certainty.



            Embree  families in the south  descend almost entirely from Quaker pioneers and

            are not included here.



            Embrey, Embry  families where possible are kept distinct from those who used

the name Hembree.













                                                                                          ixp 19

The Pre-War Years



            Was Abraham born in Spartanburg?


            Of course not.  Spartanburg did not exist in 1757.  At the time of Drury and

            Abraham’s birth there were only four counties in South Carolina (Craven,

            Berkeley, Colleton, Granville) and these counties had no definite boundaries.

            It was not until 1785, when Drury was 30 years old, that the state was split into

            seven court districts and 34 counties.  But in 1791 the state was redivided into

            nine court districts and an uncertain number of counties.


            By the time Abraham was 62, when he had to declare under oath where he was

            born, he probably said something like “right here, this land”,  and Spartanburg

            was written down on his behalf.  [It’s important to note that Drury’s pension

            application says they were in the Fair Forest/Spartanburg area when the war



            Locating William Emory in the period 1752-1758 has not yet been proven but I

            can say with confidence that he was not in Tennessee and he was not east of the

            Saluda River.  Although some settlers appear along the Tyger River (in what was

to become Spartanburg County) by 1756   [The Colonial Records of South  Carolina :

 Journal of the Commons House of Assembly  1755 – 1757, edited by Terry Lipscomb

(Columbia: U of SC Press, 1989): p. 350,352],  an earlier settlement was reported along

the Saluda River by 1751.    The “fort” at Ninety Six at the Saluda River was built

in 1751 (it was not much more than a horse corral and a few huts) to protect the

Cherokee from the Catawba (and the traders from both).  It is not difficult to

imagine Emory near Ninety Six, but difficult to picture him among the Catawba

who were at war. Was not peace made between the Cherokee and Catawba in

1752?   Yes – Thomas Nightingale and wife Sarah (Wilson) Amory Nightingale

hosted the peace commission from both tribes.

[The Col Recs of South Carolina : Journal of the Commons House of Assembly 1751 – 1752, edited by Terry Lipscomb and R. Nicholas Olsberg (Columbia: U of SC Press, 1977): p.119, 175, 311].  But war drums were beating up and down the frontier, and this was a time for war, not peace.  Nightingale had retired from the Cherokee upcountry by 1751. William Emory came down with him or with Ludovic Grant by 1755.


Why did Nightingale (and Emory?) exit the Cherokee Nation?  Some Cherokee

hotheads began attacking the traders in 1750 and 1751.  James Maxwell, one of

the “master traders”, heard at Keowee “that the Indians were very insolent, and

talked of killing the Traders”.  [The Col Recs of South Carolina : Journal of the House of

 Assembly, edited by Olsberg : session of  May 13, 1751, p.442].   Maxwell ignored the

report and continued on to Ioree (Hyoree, Joree), then to Ludovic Grant at

Tomatly town. [Ibid.  p.443.  Maxwell’s statement clearly puts Grant in NC. On today’s map

he went from Walhalla, SC to Franklin, NC, then to Murphy, NC, on horseback in 2 days].


When he headed back toward Keowee he heard that runners were coming after

him to kill him,  “which I took as a good Hint for me to be gone”.  At the urging

of their Cherokee  wives, sixteen white men fled with Maxwell down to


Augusta where they met with other white men who had fled from Keowee and

Ninety Six. [Ibid.  p.443-444]    Some of the traders returned after the instigators

were punished but some, like Nightingale, stayed in the low country.


Nightingale’s Goose Creek residence was a safe place for Indians (and half

bloods). [Col. Recs SC, Journal of the House 1750-1751, Olsberg, pp. 171,173,205,206].

He also had land at Ninety Six, part of which he sold to Robert Gouedy.  I

believe William Emory took his family to Ninety Six, Ludovic Grant retired

at Goose Creek.  When William went off to war, he moved his family down

to Goose Creek.  [Nightingale married William Emory’s mother – that’s the

connection between the families.  See Part Two.] 


What about Ludovic Grant?  He retired to Charleston in 1756 after a dispute

with a drunken Little Carpenter.  [John P. Brown, Old Frontiers,  (Kingsport, TN:

Southern Publishers, Inc, 1938):  p.64]   He probably died in 1757, though there is no



            After Abraham’s birth, where did William Emory go?  Some think to the Creek

            Nation in the early 1760’s, before retiring to Charleston in 1766 or so.  It is more

            likely that he went into the British Army with his brother Robert.


Here is where the Old John Hembree connection and an old family legend come in. Old John had no known siblings;  he lost his father when he was only 2 or 3 and his mother was dead or “gone to             England” around 1751, when he was only 7.  

            John was sent to “family” in Goose Creek and had an “uncle” who was a half

brother (English) and another “uncle” who was referred to as a “revered uncle”.

The revered (not reverend as my grandmother and I     figured) was Thomas

Nightingale.  The other uncle was said to have died young and left sons who

were Old John’s nephews.  John took these nephews under his wing.  The uncle

who was a white half-brother had to have been William Emory, and the nephews

were Drury and Abraham.  The dates, names, and places all fit together.  Before

I arrived at this conclusion, and unknown to me, Bob Hembree, the dean of

Hembree researchers, published his opinion that Drury and Abraham Hembree

were sons of William Emory. 


Thomas Nightingale died in 1769 and William Emory died in 1770. Where

would John Hembree (who was about 26) go?  And what would he do with his

nephews Drury (15) and Abraham (13)?


This is where another old family legend has to bridge the unknown. William

Emory died in 1770.   John Hembree headed back up to the Ninety Six District.

            Drury (15) and Abraham (13), having nowhere else to go, probably joined him.

John already had a young child but had lost his wife to the “fever” or “plague”.

His Cherokee mother-in-law remained with him to take care of the child.  This

Cherokee woman, I believe, was the same one who took care of John when

he was a small child.  She actually remained with the family until her death in

1831 or so.  She was called “Nani” or “Nina”  or “Nana”.



Nana – the French Woman of Keowee


Her legend is more fully set out in “Old John Hembree aka John Emory” and

“John Amory and the Emory Cherokees” but is worth including here in part.


She was a Cherokee born c.1733 in Keowee and was acquainted with the mother

of John Emory (b.1744), Mary Moore.  It is entirely possible that she was a

Melungeon Cherokee. When she was a young girl she was kidnapped, sold into

slavery,  and wound up in the French West Indies.  When she was a young

woman her French owners set her free and put her on a ship to Charleston.  The

ship’s master, however,  tried to auction her as a slave in Charleston.  She saw

there were some Cherokee onlookers and she called out to them in their language.

There was a great commotion and finally an Englishman arrived with more

Cherokee and bought her.  The Englishman is not known but the young girl

wound up at the household of John and Sarah Amory, and was returned to the

tribe c.1746.  “Somehow” she became pregnant with a child by William Elder,

an associate of John Amory.  John Amory died in 1746, his widow married

William Elder in 1747 (he died in 1748) and she married Thomas Nightingale

in 1749.


She married Little Carpenter (no children). Around 1752 she came to Charleston

with Little Carpenter and dropped off the orphaned John Emory with Sarah

Amory Nightingale.  She herself joined the Nightingale household by 1759 when

the warriors of Keowee went off to Virginia and Pennsylvania to fight the French.

She lived with the Amorys (and the Nightingales) off and on into her old age.


She was known as Nana or Nina – “the French Woman of Keowee”.  The name

could be French, Cherokee or simply “Nannie”.  She died around 1831 in

the house of Edward Hembree, a son of Old John.  She knew “Mary Ayers”, she

knew the Nightingales, she knew about the governor’s house, she knew about

Wawhatchee, she  knew about Keowee.  She is just a legend for now but how

else could these names have been transmitted through John’s line (especially

since he was orphaned at age 8 or so)?  She is the bridge.  She was Edward

Hembree’s “nanny” and is listed in his household in 1830 as a family member.

She is buried with the family in what is now Oconee County, South Carolina –

close to Keowee. She is the family “a ga yv li ge hee”, or “old woman” – the

story-teller of the oral family tradition.


            It was around 1765 that John Hembree got married and began having children

            of his own.   If John had a reason to go to upper South Carolina, did Drury and


Abraham?  In fact, yes.  Their father came through for them in his final days.


Perhaps it was moreso the “revered uncle”, but both men acted on the   knowledge that their days were few, they had no male heirs, and they had three

            young men who could use their help.   Nightingale began acquiring properties

            in upper South Carolina that he would never see.  He encouraged William

Emory to also get a land grant.  On June 6, 1769 William Amory, Thomas

Nightingale and Aaron Loocock (the nephew of William’s wife and a land

speculator) petitioned for land warrants in a Charleston courthouse. William’s

was for 300 acres between the Pee Dee and the Savannah Rivers. [Brent H.

Holcomb, Petitions for Land from the South Carolina Journals Volume VI : 1766 – 1770

(Columbia: SCMAR, 1999): p.233]   William did not need this land – he was

comfortably situated at his wife’s plantation and his back country days were

long over.  And look at how he requested the grant:  between the Pee Dee and

the Savannah – that’s the entire state!  He wanted his boys to pick a spot, stake

it out, apply for the survey, and William would secure the title.  When

Nightingale died a few months later he had title to several lands upstate that his

only heir (daughter) Sarah would never need nor want.  Drury and Abraham’s

mother died at around this time.  Their father’s wife would die in 1770 and

their father just days after her. 


Still, the boys had land papers in hand and they went with Old John into the

Ninety Six District. Having Drury and Abraham there must have been a help

to John’s family  because that area was still considered dangerous frontier (and

would again erupt in war just several years later).    



            Thomas Nightingale had lands in the Ninety Six District in the 1750’s, 1760’s,

            and 1770’s (after his death). [Clara A. Longley, South Carolina Deed Abstracts 1719 –

 1779, (Easley, SC : Southern Historical Press, 1983): IV 26, 39, 319]  His lands on Ninety

Six Creek of the Saluda River, I believe, is where William Emory moved his

family in the 1750’s. [Nightingale was hired to transport ammunition to Fort Prince George in

1753,  and he had an active part in the supply of Fort Loudon, including a private shipment of rum

to Capt Paul Demere via James Beamer in 1758. (The review committee disallowed that voucher.)

(SC Commons Journal  28 Jan & 5 Feb 1754; 2 Feb & 8 Mar 1759)]                  


            John Hembree can be located in the Ninety Six District before the war because

            he witnessed two deeds there in December 1773 and proved the deeds by his

            oath on  14 February 1774.  The lands involved were “on the waters of Bush

            Creek in Ninety Six District, S.C.”. [Brent H. Holcomb, South Carolina Deed

                Abstracts 1773 – 1778,  SCMAR : Columbia, SC, 1994, p.95 a 3rd deed on p.105]  [This was

Brush or Brushy   Creek of the Saluda River.  In 1805 William Hembree, son of Old John, sold

the Hembree’s 150 acres on Brushy Creek to Peter Laboon. (Ibid., p.244).  The Laboons

already had adjoining lands on “Brushy Creek of Saluda River”  (Ibid., p.294), as did Elijah

Moore and William Welch – probable sons-in-law of Old John (p.295).  The 1773 deeds were

to “Joseph Thompson, Tanner” and were also witnessed by John Turner and Samuel Kelly.

All three witnesses were sons of Indian traders and “tanner” implies Indian trader – deerskins

were the currency of the Indian trade.]


            By 1773, though, there was a steady stream of migration into South Carolina

from the north.  The “Presbyterians” from Pennsylvania and New Jersey filled

the northern and eastern farm lands.  Many Virginians moved to the back

country to establish their own churches.  The migration from Virginia was

driven by a religious revival known as “anabaptism”  (what we would call

“born again” Christianity).


Anabaptism was a return to the Bible and a rejection of the Anglican Church,

which was so powerful in Virginia.  Anabaptists did not name their sons after

English kings:  William, Henry, George, John, James.   They preferred names

from the Bible:  Benjamin, Isaac, David, Reuben, Moses, Jesse, Joel, Joseph,

Isaiah, Elijah, Ephraim and so on. 


            Into the upper reaches of Spartanburg came the Anabaptists, with David Hembree

            and his brother James and their families. David’s uncle William was a founder of

the Meherrin Baptist Church of Lunenburg County, Virginia.   This congregation

wanted to establish a pilot church in a place free from Anglican control.  They

went to North Carolina for 10-15 years then found the upper corner of South

Carolina more to their liking. Who was David Hembree and what was his family

connection to the family of Old John Hembree?


[Aaron Loocock had lands in Spartanburg on the Pacolet River, which is

probably where the boys lived in 1776.  He was a Tory and left these lands to his

wife in his 1799 will (he was exiled in New York).  So it was easy to remain on

the land – they just could not sell it.]
                                                                                             ixp 24

Who was  David Hembree?



            On January 30, 1760, David Hembree received a patent for 690 acres in Orange

            County, VA, in Saint Matthew’s Parish on Blue Wing Creek.


On July 5, 1768 David Hembrey was granted 200 acres in Craven County, SC

            (afterwards part of  Spartanburg County) in an area called “Fairforest” – “on a

            branch of Tyger River called James Creek, bounded southeast by Wm. Hendricks.

            Survey certified 11-27-1767, granted 7-5-1768.  Quit Rent begins in 10 years.

            Recorded 4-29-1768.”  [Newberry County Court Records]   On September 6,

            1768 “David Amery” made a petition for a survey warrant for the same 200



            In 1768 Samuel DeSaurency, a Huguenot, was granted 367 acres in Craven

            County and 67 acres of that was then granted to “James Amare”.


            Other French Protestants moving into the South Carolina back country were

            Rev. Abraham Imer / Emer  of Purrysburg then of Saxe Gotha, who died Oct

            1766.   David Lewis Imer / Imrie who died April 1781 and was buried at St.

            Philip’s Parish in Charleston.  And Dr. Frederick Imer / Imrie who was granted

            100 acres in Craven County in May 1768 but died in 1771.  (Abraham Emer was

            married at St. Philip’s.)


            A William Embry of Virginia also moved into the upcountry in the Camden

            District.  Bob Hembree links this William Embry to Col. Henry Embry of



            Does David Hembree (1728-1809) belong to the plantation Embry’s of Virginia,

the French protestants, a different Virginia family, or the South Carolina

Emorys/Amorys?  I tend to think he belongs to a Virginia family but not

necessarily part of the Henry Embry  “plantation” line.  I think he is the same

David Emray on the 1749 tax list of Lunenburg Co, Virginia (listed near William

Embry of the “plantation” line and Edward Owen).   He was the father of  Rev.

James H. Hembree (1759-1849).  Bob Hembree, the “dean of Hembree

researchers”,  has traced this family back to Goochland County, Virginia.  As

Bob frequently notes,  David’s father was a James Hembree (b.c.1700), not

William as so often reported.  (See the section on the Hembree & Emory Family



            Could David Hembree have been a cousin of William Emory, father of

Abraham?  It is unlikely.  William’s brother Robert (d.1790) is thought by

Martin family genealogists to have lived in Virginia and upper North

Carolina, but  I respectfully dispute that.  (I have him in North Carolina, South

Carolina and Georgia or Alabama before retiring in Charleston.)


Although no relationship has been proven between David and James of

Virginia and the South Carolina Emory/Hembrees,  there is the tendency to

consider the two lines together.  


            When David came to Spartanburg District he was affiliated with the Virginia

and North Carolina Baptists.  I once considered him to be the “revered uncle”

of John Hembree’s youth but could not prove any connection. David’s family

sometimes spelled the name Emery.  In 1800 “James Emery” (James H.

Hembree) was the representative of the Shockley Ferry Baptist Church. (So the

surname was not precise.)



            The Hembrees were early members of  the Tyger River Baptist Church, which

became the Friendship Baptist Church, and possibly the Goucher Baptist Church,

both of which    Abraham attended.    (But note that Drury, Old John, and the

Moores of our family had little or no Baptist connection before 1810.)


            It is important to remember that David and James Hembree did not come into

            upper South Carolina before 1768.  Drury and Abraham were born before that in

upper South Carolina.


            According to The Descendants of David Hembree  by Patricia B. McMillan,

            David and James Hembree served in the Granville County, North Carolina,

            militia in 1755.*   [“Colonial & State Records of North Carolina”, Vol XXII,

            pp. 365-366]   



            A land deed in 1773 refers to 150 acres on “Jameys Creek of Tyger River”

            surveyed in 1770 as being adjacent to land of “David Hembry”. (Deed recorded

            December 31, 1785.)







            *  Also cited by John B.G. Hembree Jr & Clara A. (Hembree) Maxcy in Hembree

            (self published, 1983): p.3.  [June Clark Murtie, Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774,

                (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.,1986): pp. 723,756]



            In South Carolina Baptists 1670 – 1805  (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing

Co, Inc, 1974),  Leah Townsend notes the beginning of the Baptist migration:




                        About 1759 or 1760 Mr. Mulkey led a group of thirteen from Deep

                        River in North Carolina to Broad River in South Carolina.   They were

                        incorporated into a church at this place, their membership soon

                        increasing to over a hundred. However, the original body remained only

                        until December, 1762, when they moved to Fairforest, a tract lying in

                        the fork between Fairforest Creek and Tyger River. . . . Three hundred

                        families were connected with the congregation [by 1772].     (pp. 125-126)


                        Tyger River Church (Friendship) . . . which claims 1765 as its date of

                        constitution, was so near to Fairforest as to indicate a connection in their

                        early history. . . . Other records give 1777 as the date of constitution.

                                                                                                            (pp. 132-133) 



            The Hembrees were among members listed 1801 – 1804. 



            In conclusion, although the circumstantial evidence of a relationship between

            the Virginia Hembrees and the South Carolina Emorys (Hembrees) appears

            compelling in both Spartanburg and Pendleton, a generation earlier they were

            worlds apart and no blood connection can be assumed.



            For more detail on the connections between the two lines see The Hembree &

            Emory Family Tree in Part Two, which was done thanks to Jane Hembree’s

            Family Tree site at  and in large measure

            thanks to Dale Standifer’s preservation of  Bob Hembree’s “Roots Branches

            Leaves” newsletter.
















                                                                                                                     ixp 27

Abraham’s brother Drury (Drewry)


            Drury Hembree was born December 12, 1755  upper South     Carolina (by

tradition, the Spartanburg County area).  In many ways he is even more elusive

than his brother.  The lack of other siblings has led to the conclusion that their

mother died rather young, leaving  uncle John, Drury, and Abraham to raise



            Drury moved to Tennessee, then perhaps back to South Carolina, then back to

            Tennessee, then up to Indiana, then finally to Missouri, where he died around

the age of 90 years old.


            It is possible that Drury’s first name was Andrew and that he went by that

            name at times.  Some think that his only name was Andrew and “Drewry” is a

            nickname based on Andrew, but his war record with the British  and a civil

lawsuit in 1787 suggest “Drury/Drewry” as his correct name (whether first or



            (See also reference to Andrew Amory as a family name back in England.)


            In Henry Guppy’s 1890 book, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain,  he

            indicates the following surnames among those peculiar to Lincolnshire:

            Drewery, Drewry, and Drury.   [  site]


            Who was Drury’s wife?  She is known as “M”  born in Pennsylvania c. 1756

(1766 is more likely given the earlier census ages and childbirths for her).  She

died after 1850 in Taney County, Missouri.  Some believe she was part Cherokee;

another guess is that she was from Virginia, the sister of James Harbison  (1763-1841).  If that guess is true, James Harbison would have been Drury’s brother-in-law, neighbor, and son-in-law in DuBois County, Indiana, all at the same time!

(Another theory is that her last name was Shirley.)


Of Cherokee note, though, is Drury’s sons Andrew  & Benjamin who most

likely married a Cherokee woman and is the father of some central Tennessee

Cherokee Emorys, including  Andrew, Catherine, Benjamin, and Thomas.

(Note that the DeKalb County, Tennessee Cherokee Emorys come from a

different Thomas b.c. 1805 and his sons and grandsons include Thomas b.c.1830,

Carroll David b.c.1835, and  John Richard b.c.1855.)


            One little mystery surrounding Drury is this notation in Virgil D. White’s

            Index to Revolutionary War Service Records  (Waynesboro, TN: National

            Historical Publishing Company, 1995): II, 865:


                        Emery, Abraham, srv as a Pvt in the 6th SC Regt


                        Emery, Drury, srv as a Pvt in the 2nd VA State Regt         


            Could this be a transcription error?  (It appears in another book of Virginia

            colonial military rosters.)


            And there is a Drury Emery in the 1812 Viginia Militia (which could include

            Kentucky and Indiana) as a private in Company I, Allen’s Regiment. [Roll Box

            63, Rec # 2363.]


            Drury went to Tennessee before 1800 and records in that area are incomplete

            but we are hoping some notice of him can be found there that can help shed some

            light on him.









                                                                                             ixp 29

Abraham’s other brothers  Joel & Joel?


            The computer model definitely makes Joel Hembree (1755-1825) a brother of

            Abraham and Drury.  The certainty is very high, based on census data, naming

            patterns, migrations, place of birth, Revolutionary War service in South Carolina,

            and lack of intermarriage between their children.  


            But Bob Hembree, a descendant of this Joel,  has linked Joel to James (his father)

of the Virginia families (and shows his place of birth as VA, not SC as everyone

else does).  I would trust Bob Hembree over a computer model when it comes to

Joel Hembree but  the circumstantial evidence suggests that Joel is connected

somehow to Abraham’s family. [Revised – Bob Hembree is re-examining the

line with a view toward settling the differences.]


            Here’s a teaser:  the 1790 and 1800 census data suggest that Joel has his mother

            or mother-in-law in his household with some slaves (presumably hers).  His

            mother-in-law and father-in-law (the Pettits) are accounted for in those census

            years and had no slaves – they were from New Jersey.  The Virginia Hembrees

            had a few slaves but the mother of that line is accounted for in Pendleton (not

            Spartanburg).   (This may not be true:  Joel b.1755 is the son of James b.1730

            and lived on or near James’  200 acre grant (of 1772) on the north side of Tyger

River before getting several grants of his own on the north side of the river. The

            original 1768 grant of 200 acres was on the south side of the Tyger River (at

            James Creek) and an 1811 deed for land on James Creek mentions “Susannah

            Hambry’s old line” – she being, perhaps, an unmarried daughter of James.)


            Here’s another teaser:  Joel b.1755 named one of his sons Isaac Lyons Hembree.

            Isaac Lyons was from Goose Creek, SC, where William Emory sometimes



            And another teaser:  “Old John” Hembree fathered a child out of wedlock in 1788

            by Rebecca Sullivan and in the 1790 census, she is found next to this Joel.  Also

            in that year John obtained a grant of land on the Pacolet River with Joel’s brother

            in law:  Joshua Pettit.



            Or the (other) other brother Joel


            In the 1790 Spartanburg census (p.86) there is a Henry Emry listed (1-1-1-0-0)

            not too far from Drury, Abraham and Joel (b.1755) (p.87).  In the 1800 census,

            Henry is gone but there is a mysterious Joel (p.207) listed near Joel’s (b.1755)

            son Zachariah (p.206).  (Abraham is on p.198 and Joel b.1755 is on p.199.)



            This other Joel (b.1765-1770) married a Matilda  and was the father of Col.

Joel Hembree (b.1796 SC) of Roane County, Tennessee (where the other

Joel  b.1755 wound up).


            The Hembrees of  Joel b.1765-1770 were also slave owners but they too have

a family tradition of Cherokee blood going back to pre-Revolution days.  Col.

            Hembree (for whom Fort Hembree in N.C. is named) was one of the officers

            who rounded up the Cherokee for removal in 1838.  (This does not necessarily

            peg Col. Joel as “anti-Cherokee”.  Army correspondence – official and personal –

            show that a lot of the soldiers involved in the removal were compassionate and

            sympathetic.)   Furthermore, a  descendant of Col. Joel has written to me telling

of a family legend identical to the one I heard concerning the mother of “Old

John” Hembree.


See more detail on the various lines in Part Two.



To recap the Joels:


Joel Hembree (b.1755 VA d.1825 Roane Co TN) – son of James (b.1730) and

Sarah Hembree, grandson of  James (b.1700) and Sarah Hembree of Virginia.  He

is NOT  Joel “Bird” Hembree (though by repeated usage he is known this way)

but he had a son named Joel Bird Hembree (b.1804 SC d.1860).



Joel Hembree (b.1765-1770 d.182x Roane CoTN) – he is a puzzle.  He may

have Indian blood (or had a mixed blood wife).   He is the father of Col. Joel

Hembree (b.1793 – his official biography for the Tennessee legislature says b.

1796 d.23 Dec 1868 Roane Co, TN).  (Note another Joel Hembree b. 1779 d.1868

Roane Co. TN is thought to be a son of another William Embry/Hembree.)


These Joels and their sons lived in Roane County, Tennessee.  There is no proof

that either are related to Abraham.   (The Joel b.1755 does seem to be a good

fit as a brother of  Abraham Hembree though.)


            See The Compendium of Joel Hembrees in Part Two.




                                                                                              ixp 31

The War Years 1776 - 1783



            In 1776 John Emory was about 32, married, and struggling to keep a little farm

            going and also hiring himself out as a carpenter.  During the Revolution he was

            known as a Tory or Loyalist and he fled SC in 1778 to avoid being hanged. He

            enlisted with the British and served briefly as a private in Lt. Col. Alexander

Inne’s Company of the South Carolina Royalists (out of Savannah, GA).  He was

enlisted on December 1, 1779. After the fall of Charleston, or in 1781, he

took several families up to North Carolina (among neutral Cherokee or Catawba

farmers) and served with the Americans in that state.  (A possible, but doubtful,

record of his service there shows that he neglected to draw his pay as of 1783.)


Joel Hembree was 21 and later made a loss claim in South Carolina but no war

record has been asserted.


            Drury Hembree was 21 and was drafted two times by the Americans then once

by the British, doing pretty much the same thing for both sides: firing his musket

            at Indians who fired at him.  As the war wound down, Drury took a wife (of

            unknown name) and started a family.  Drury’s pension application and service

            details are given in Martin & Standifer’s “The Descendants of John Hembree”

            on, which covers his service with the Americans.  He

            served from 25 April to 19 July 1781 (as “Duiry Emery”) as a private in Capt

            Isaac Stewart’s (British) Troop of Light Dragoons out of Orangeburgh, South



            Abraham Hembree was 19 years old when the war broke out and he enlisted

            with the Americans in March 1777 before his 20th birthday.  He joined the 6th

            Regiment (SC).  In April 1778 he deserted and was soon apprehended.  Knowing

            our Abraham, he was either getting married or conceiving his first child (or

            both).  He resumed service in the 6th but was transferred to the 1st Regiment (SC)

            where he served until May 1780.  


            Abraham’s unit saw action at the battle of Stono Ferry near Charleston (June

1779),  then the Siege of Savannah (October 1779), then retreated to Charleston

with the Continental Army.  In May 1780, after the surrender of Charleston,

Abraham was captured by the British.  He escaped some time later.


In the year 1784 he obtained a certificate of military service so he could apply

for a land warrant, which was granted under the name “Abraham Emery” on

May 7, 1792, for 200 acres near the Keowee River.  [See also Land Grant index for

1788 Vol 21, p,135  and Vol 22, p.280; also for 1796 Vol 40 p.219 for Abraham




                                                                                                   ixp 32

Abraham’s  wife



            Abraham’s wife was given as “Winnie”  “Winnifred” and “Nancy” in the

            1907 Cherokee applications.  It was also suggested that her maiden name was

            “Jackson”.   We are still looking for a Jackson family that fits.  Abraham’s mother

            was half Cherokee.  The computer model rejected Cherokee blood for Abraham’s

            wife as none of the applications made a specific mention of her tribal roots, and

a few even indicated that she was NOT Indian.


            Here’s a surprise:


            Family tradition:            Winnifred (“Nancy”) Jackson,  possibly part Cherokee



            Computer model:          Winnifred (“Nancy”) Lee (b.1760 – d.1808)  daughter of

James Lee of Virginia, later of Spartanburg District, SC,

not Cherokee



            Abraham Hembree came from an Anglican (English) Church tradition.    It is

likely that he married a strict Baptist girl and she made a Bible-thumpin’

believer out of him.  The Lees of Virginia (not the famous Lees, but the poorer

up-country Lees) came to Spartanburg in the 1770’s (to escape the Anglican

church tax in Virginia).  A James Lee lived near Abraham in Spartanburg

District.  “Winnifred” is a name more common among Virginia families such

as the Lees than among the back-country Jacksons.


            Abraham named his first surviving son “James Lee”, in a departure from his

Bible names (so a family importance can be inferred, such as his father-in-law). 

It is likely that Abraham met his wife during the war and they had a war-time

marriage in 1781 or so.   But there needs to be more research to be conclusive.


In defense of the Jackson name for Abraham’s wife, there are two widows in

Spartanburgh County living nearby Abraham in 1790:  Elizabeth Jackson and a

Hannah Jackson, listed next to Thomas Jackson (her son).  This Thomas Jackson

was about Abraham’s age and he served in the 1st Regiment during the

Revolutionary War, under his older brother Capt. William Jackson, so perhaps

this is the family.  


New data (since the first edition) suggests that Abraham did not marry c.1778

but in 1781 or so.  The Jackson family that was close to Abraham’s family in

Spartanburg and later in Georgia and Missouri were white Baptists from Virginia



by way of North Carolina.   The names Matilda, Ephraim and Reuben, which

Abraham’s wife chose as names for children match the Jackson names of the

North Carolina line. 


More research and analysis is needed.  Identifying the parents of Ephraim

Jackson (d.c.1849 Spartanburg) will very likely yield further clues as to the

identity of  Winnefred Jackson, Abraham’s wife.  (Or perhaps our Ephraim

is the one in Pendleton District in 1790.)  


A search of the land records provides a solid link to an Ephraim Jackson, and

further data on Abraham’s wife: [from A.B. Pruitt’s Deed Abstracts, op cit.]



  On January 27, 1792, “Abraham Hembrey and wife Winey” sold 117 acres of his

  265 acre grant (of 7 Jan 1788) between Cain’s Creek and Dutchman’s Creek north

  of the Tyger River (near the lands of Joel b.1755 and Hannah Hembree).


  On November 19, 1795,  “Abraham Emery and wife Winnefred” of Spartanburg

  sold his war service grant of 200 acres (of 7 May 1792) on the Keowee River in

  Pendleton County, SC.  Ephraim Jackson was a witness to the transaction.


  On November 1, 1809, Abraham Hembree, without wife, bought additional land

  on Goucher’s Creek:  “increasing all the land where Abraham Hembrie lives on

  Goucher’s Cr.”.



Ephraim Jackson moved up to that area in 1805 (buying land from William Land)

and he lived next to Joshua Pettit’s land.  This Ephraim seems to be a “nephew”

of Abraham.  He married Rebecca Sullivan and raised her illegitimate son by

Old John Hembree as his own.  (See note under Children of Old John Hembree.)


An older Ephraim Jackson, along with his brother Samuel, are found in Pendleton

District, living at the boundary of Indian lands along with names familiar in the

family:  Moore, Smith; and names familiar in Cherokee genealogy:  Martin,

Pearis, Murphy, Fields, Buffington, Harlan, etc. This Ephraim and Samuel lived

close to the lands of  Old John Hembree in Pendleton County in 1790.  


                                                                                                  ixp 34

Abraham’s tribal affiliation



            Abraham’s father, William Emory, lived among the Cherokee in North Carolina

at Tomatly village.  He came down from the Cherokee Nation before 1755.  He

lived near Ninety Six or Keowee when Abraham was born.


            It is likely that Abraham spent time in his youth among the Cherokee in South

Carolina, and was accepted as “tribal blood”.  He was, after all, born to a woman

who was a tribal member so that made him a Cherokee by birth. But there is no

evidence that he claimed tribal membership.  He spent his whole life near

traditional tribal lands and was regarded as a brother but the evidence is

conclusively against formal tribal membership in his later years.  He could not

have drawn his war pension or received his land grant had he claimed to be

Cherokee.  He asserts in his 1825 pension application “that he was a resident

citizen of the United States on the 18th day of  March, 1818” (when Congress

passed the pension act.  Indians were not citizens.)


There is, however, a strong family tradition (from the 1907 Cherokee

            applications) that he died at Ross’ Landing near Chattanooga shortly before

            the forced removal began in the Spring of 1838.  Ross’ Landing was the

            gathering point for the removal.  So, symbolically, he was born a Cherokee, and

he died a Cherokee on “The Trail of Tears”, spending his entire life on Cherokee

soil and dying on the “doorstep” of the Trail of Tears.


Is the Ross’ Landing tradition reliable?  The applicants were mostly unable to

read or write,  and probably had no idea of the significance of the place, so it

seems reliable.   On the other hand, newspaper accounts describing the court

settlement surely mentioned the removal from Chattanooga, which was called

Ross’ Landing at the time.



Q.  Were the “half breed havens” (the trading posts and families around them)

part of the Cherokee Nation?  Were the children born there (such as Abraham)

considered Cherokee?


A.  The answer to both is “no” but a lot of such children became tribal leaders.

Others went west and became the “mountain men”, cavalry troops, prospectors,

cowboys of western legend.  Consider John Watts, who was born at Ninety Six

in 1753.  He became a warrior and a chief.  If blood percentage and birthplace

define who is Cherokee, then Abraham was as much Cherokee as John Watts was.



                                                                                             ixp 35

Abraham’s  Church Years  1798 - 1828



            In many ways, these were Abraham’s golden years.  He had a large family and

            gained influence in the community as a member of the church.  Many of his

            children learned to read (and some learned to write) as the result of the church.

            In 1807 Abraham (along with his wife and daughter) were granted papers from

            the Friendship Baptist Church (lower Spartanburgh District) and relocated to

            upper Spartanburgh (where they joined Goucher Baptist Church). But, alas, the

death of his wife in 1808 or so put the family in a tailspin.  She seems to have

kept the family together.  After her death, the family scattered west and north.

The eldest son, James Lee, left home and headed for Georgia. The eldest

daughter, Sallie, went with her husband James to Georgia also.

            Matilda married and went up to North Carolina.


            The death of his wife must have been hard for Abraham.  He did not remarry,

            he had trouble working the farm, and he began to acquire a taste for corn whiskey.


            Yet the influence of the church kept him somewhat respectable:  the Baptist

            church was an early voice for temperance (moderation) and even prohibition.

            Without the church, Abraham’s intemperance would have been much more than



            Thanks to the judicious nature of the Baptists, we have some colorful notes

            regarding the behavior of Abraham Hembree while he and his family were

            members of the Goucher Baptist Church in Union County (now part of Cherokee

            County), South Carolina.  Disciplinary actions were carried out by requiring a

            member of the church to “report” to the church and answer to whatever charges

            might be brought.  If satisfactory answer (and/or repentance) was offered, the

            member would remain in good standing.


            Here are some examples:


                        Saturday May the 20th 1815 Brother Abraham Hembree reported to the Church.

                        David Lipscomb failing to go, that he had Cited Brother Hugh Moore to attend

                        on Saturday before the third Sunday in May.


            Abraham reported but Hugh Moore did not and Jonathan Bice was sent to collect

            Moore’s membership letter:



Brother Hugh Moore did not appear to his citation and was Excommunicated

for neglecting to hear the Church--Also Brother Jonathan Buice was appointed

to go to Hugh Moore and request him to give him his Credentials as he may

bring them to the Church.   Signed by order of the Church--


            A business loan gone bad created a stir in the church the following year.  Because

            it involved two different congregations,  members from both had to hear the

            matter.  The sum of money was considerable – forty dollars, and it involved one

            brother assuming the debt of another and then failing to pay on the note.  Brother

            Prewett was the “injured” party and Brother Spencer was the one in default:



Friday the 16th day of February 1816

In Conference the case of Shadrick Prewett & William Spencer was

taken up the members from Buck Creek Church presen[t] James

Turner Henry Turner Ephraim Potter John Cantrell Richard Turner

& Samuel Trollenger the Question was put Whether Brother Spencer

should pay Brother Prewett forty Dollars on a note of John Kiger and

them that thought Spencer ought to pay Prewitt was to make it known

by Rising up. Brother Henry Turner Ephraim Potter John Cantrell

Richard Turner Joshua Richards & Samuel Trollenger. Six Rose for

Brother Spencer paying of Brother Prewitt the $40 which was a majority



            That did not settle the matter for Abraham, though.  He exacted his own

            righteous indignation against Brother Spencer:



Saturday Conference March the 16th 1816—

Sister Elizabeth Petty petitioned the Church for a Letter of dismission

to join providence Church her request was Granted & Brother Joshua

Richards was to apply for her Letter I have Wrote it & Gave it to Brother


                                                                             John Lipscomb C. C


A Report against Brother Abraham Hembree Chargeing him of Giting

drunk and Swearing and wanting to fight Brother Spencer appointed to

cite him to our next Church Meeting


            (Note that the lack of punctuation could allow for a period after “fight”, with

            Abraham not wanting to fight Spencer specifically. The Spencer family could

have been in-laws of some sort.  Spartanburg neighbor Jesse Spencer’s family

wound up close to Abraham’s family – his son Ephraim – in Missouri.)


            Two months later our Abraham acquitted himself well before the inquiry:


Saturday May the 18th day 1816.

In Conference Brother Abraham Hembree Came forward and Gave

Satisfaction to the Church


The Buck Creek [Church] sanctioned the Request Handed by Brother

John Pettet in Case of Brother Prewett & Brother Spencer



            A few months later Abraham was on the “list of subscribers” (supporters) for

            the next meeting at the regional association and was tapped 12 ½  cents for

            support (the average amount).  But in the same business meeting yet another

            case against Abraham was brought up:



A Report against Brother Abraham Hembree Chargeing him with

wanting to fight and of haveing some Immorrel conduct


Brother Hembrees case laid over untill our next November meeting



            Well,  he beat that rap too:


Saturday Conference the 14th day of November 1818

Brother Hembree[s] Case Dismissd



            There were other incidents, but the fight at his 64th birthday celebration deserves



May 19, 1821

Brother Hembree came to the Church and said he was informed by his

daughter Polly that Jack Weaks had threatened to go to his daughter

Metilda and behave himself unseemly with Metilda.  Brother Hembree

said when he heard it, it put him in such a passion that he went to the

end of the house and listened a considerable he saw him leaning on the

bed and there was a fight.  Brother Pettet was appointed to talk to Metilda

Hembree.  Pettet reported that Brother Hembree’s and Metilda’s stories

did not agree.               


This is Henry Pettit and his family also wound up close to Abraham’s family in

Missouri.  (The name became Petty by 1850.)


            About five years later Matilda would be cited by the church on charges of

            fornication.  She refused to report and was excommunicated.  Shortly after,

            she moved back up to North Carolina and then Abraham and household moved

            up there as well.


            (Follow-up on Hugh Moore:  he became a minister and remained close to the

            church and to the Hembree family.  Another Hugh Moore lived in Pendleton

District near the Keowee River and had other lands on the waters of the Saluda

River.  Both of these Moores are probably unrelated to our Moores.) 






                                                                                               ixp 38

Abraham’s Pension Applications 1819 - 1835



            Congress passed a disability / hardship pension for Revolutionary War soldiers

in 1818 and then expanded it in 1820.


            On April 9, 1819, Abraham applied by oath for his pension but was denied.


            On April 11, 1825, he applied again.  He appeared before Judge Theodore

Gaillard  at the Spartanburgh Court House with a very detailed declaration.

Judge Gaillard was quite helpful in getting the proper information out of

Abraham.  (There were two Theodore Gaillards : one from Saint Philip’s who

died March 29, 1824 and the other from Saint Stephen’s Parish in Charleston,

who died March 24, 1829 – they were first cousins.)


On July 19, 1825, Abraham began receiving a pension payment of five dollars

a month but, because the War Department deemed him eligible back to 1819

he was paid eight dollars a month to catch up on the arrears owed.


On July 29, 1828, he applied to transfer his pension up to Rutherfordton, North



In February 1834 he applied to transfer his pension to Jonesboro in Washington

County, Tennessee, but as he resided in Cocke County, he was assigned to draw

his pension down in Knoxville.


His brother Drury was living nearby in Campbell County, Tennessee at the time

(near Jacksboro) and Abraham assisted him in obtaining a war pension.


A veteran had to establish need or disability to be eligible for the pension and this

was no problem for old Abraham, who suffered from a heart condition that he and

Judge Gaillard ably diagnosed as angina pectoris:


            . . . a fluttering or palpitation of the heart, owing as he supposes to

            debility, and which frequently continues for the space of two or

            three weeks at a time during which paraxism he is entirely unable

            and unfit for manual labor.



Judge Gaillard also inventoried Abraham’s personal property, chief of which

was half ownership in a whiskey still ($10.00).  The rest of his sellable personal

property included an axe ($1) a hand saw ($1) a drawing knife ($0.45) a

“coopers crain” ($0.25) and one old mattock – estimated total worth:  $14.50.





When he moved up to North Carolina a clerk court out of Rutherfordton made

a survey of Abraham’s economic condition on September 3, 1828:



            …there can be no doubt that he is very Needy.  I was at the place

            where he Stays.  The Cabbin and all the Visible property is not worth

            five dollars he is not able to labour and himself & wife are really

            Objects of Charity. . . .



The clerk mistook Polly (age 46) for Abraham’s wife, giving rise to a

misstatement by the War Department in a 1934 letter to Isaac Hembree of

Chattanooga that “Soldiers wife was living in 1828.”   In 1825 Abraham

detailed his household as daughters Polly, “who is unhealthy and unable to

contribute any thing towards his support”,  Jinny, and Jinny’s two sons

Hampton and Isaac.


The July 1828 declaration was attested to by James Emry (who signed his

own name) and Lewis Ballard (who made his mark).  This James was James

M. Hembree, raised as a son by Abraham and closer to him than James Lee

Hembree, the son born 1790.


In his July 29, 1828 statement to John Logan, Justice of the Peace, Abraham

had to set forth his reasons for transferring to North Carolina, as recounted by

Judge Logan:


            . . . his reasons for removing to the State of North Carolina is first

            provision is much Cheaper. Rent for a place to stay at much lower

            and this Country healthyer and a much better range for Cattle &




But gold was discovered in upper Rutherford County in that year and soon prices

and taxes began to rise.  Abraham had to move on.  Again in March 1834, in

Cocke County, Tennessee, he had to explain his reasons for transferring his



            . . . his reasons for removing . . . to Cocke County Tennessee towit

            that the means of living are more abundant & cheap.  There are two

            agencies in East Tennessee and he resides nearer to that at ----- Wells.



On March 29, 1834, an Isaac Hembree wrote and signed an affidavit (on his

own) for Abraham’s behalf.  This was Abraham’s son who resided in Cocke

County.  (His nephew Isaac, son of Drury, had been in Campbell County but



was in Johnson County, Indiana by 1830, so the declarant was the son of

Abraham.)  (He must have learned how to read and write at the church.)


A witness attested to the truthfulness and character of Isaac Hembree:


                        I do hear by sertify that Isaac Hembree Is A man of Truth &

                        Respect to billity and, that his actson do have full Faith and Credit.



            Problems arose with Abraham’s pension claim in 1819 because he was “quite

            illiterate” according to one judge and was not sure by what name he was enrolled

            into the army:  Emory, Emmery, Embree, Emery or Hembree.  Also, the name of

            his company captain (Warley or Marley) could not be found in the 6th Regiment.

(Capt. George Warley shows up in the pay records, as does Abraham Emery. The

pay records were not added to the archives until the 1900’s.)   But Abraham did

            know one of his captains (John Montgomery) and the commanding officers of the

            6th (Col. William Henderson) and 1st (Col. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney)*

Regiments.  Furthermore, because he was taken prisoner by the British at the end

of his term of service he “was not regularly discharged”.  Then, the certificate he

obtained in 1784 he left on file at the land office in 1792.


Abraham made his mark on his 1819 statement with a bizarre pictograph which

is either a Cherokee bird-man or an ink splot.  Most other times he signed with an

‘X’ though on his July 1828 declaration he made a very attractive ‘A’, leading

some to venture that his middle initial was ‘A’.   It wasn’t, any more than his

middle initial was ‘X’.


            From April 1825:                                  From July 1828:

                                                his                                                        his

                           Abraham      X       Hembree                Abraham    A   Hembree

                                  mark                                                    mark



            Finding the last payment issued for Abraham, minus three or four months, should

            give us a better idea of when he died but those pay records seem to be lost.





            *  Judge Gaillard may have helped Abraham remember Col. Pinckney’s name.

            Gaillard and Pinckney were neighbors in Charleston and  Gaillard went to the same

school at Oxford that Pinckney had attended a generation earlier.  Plus,  Pinckney was

the Federalist candidate for president and vice president in three national elections.


                                                                                            ixp 41

Descendants’ Cherokee Applications



            In 1906 and 1907 quite a few descendants of Abraham Hembree applied for a

            share of the settlement made by the US government with the Eastern Cherokee.

            The purpose of the applications was to establish a financial claim based on tribal

            membership in 1835 or in 1851.  It was not to establish Cherokee ancestry.


            The Hembree descendants knew that they were of Cherokee blood and knew they

            were living on Cherokee lands since way before 1838 but did not know that their

            formal tribal affiliation was from pre-Revolution days in South Carolina and

those Cherokee were burned off their lands without any “census” or “list” being

made of them.



            The Hembree descendants (most of whom could barely read or write) set about

            to lay down the family history in a way that would make sense to outsiders and

            would be supported by available facts.  In a way, this data project is a tribute to

            their work and a continuation of it.


            The data provided in the applications is rich with speculation but it is of dubious

            genealogical value.  The applicants knew little about their own generation, less

            about their parent’s generation, and almost nothing about their grandparent’s

            generation.  Nonetheless, the applications provide the best glimpse into the

            family as it looked 100 years ago.


            The applications can be divided into three groups:


                        1)  The Mahala Clonts / Margaret Ross Group (apps 2661, 4968-4974,



                        2)  The Minverva Key Group  (apps 6078 thru 6087)


                        3)  The Mary Houser / John W. Hembree Group (apps 44517, 44739)






            The Mahala Clonts / Margaret Ross Group

(apps 2661, 4968-4974, 13120)


                        2661 - Margaret C. Ross, dau of Mahala Clonts


                        4968 – Samuel A. Clonts, brother of Margaret Ross,

                                                son of Mahala Clonts


                        4969 - Mahala Clonts – mother of Margaret Ross, dau of

                                                James M. Hembree


                        4970 - Julius C. Ross,   son of Margaret Ross


                        4971 -  Artemincey Barnes,  dau of Margaret Ross


                        4972 -  Harriet D. Keener,  dau of Margaret Ross


                        4973 -  John W. Clonts,  son of Mahala Clonts, brother of

                                                Margaret Ross


                        4974 -  Margaret Ross – (duplicate of 2661)


                      13120 -  Jodie Stancil, dau of Joseph Hembree, great-grandau of James

                                                M. Hembree  (also grand-niece and neighbor of Mahala

                                                Clonts)    (filed January 1907, with the help of Mahala

Clonts who signed her affidavit)



                        On November 9, 1906, Atlanta attorney H. H. Walker prepared and filed

            most of the above applications on behalf of the family.  Commissioner Guion

            Miller himself wrote back and said they were  illegible and all based on the

            same information so he instructed that Mahala Clonts ought to redo hers (4969)

            and the other claims would stand or fall on hers.  A year later, on December 4,

            1907, the rewritten 4969 application was resubmitted.  All were rejected because

            the family could not establish tribal membership in 1835 or 1851 and thus did not

            have a claim against the government because of the removal of 1838.




            Contributions of these applications


            1)  The birthplace of James M. Hembree is given as North Carolina.  This turns

            out to be an important piece of information.




            2)  The applicants state that Abraham had 14 children which, remarkably, appears

            correct even though only seven of the children were named. 


3)      Mentions that Abraham died near Ross’ Landing (Chattanooga), Tennessee.


4)  Provides information on Nancy Floyd and her parents Thomas and Sallie.

Nancy was the first wife of James M. Hembree.


5)  States that they declared their Cherokee nationality to a J.W. Harris in

Carterville, Georgia (circa 1880?).  Could this have been the 1880 census?


6)  Mentions Abraham’s wife as “Winnie”  “nee Jackson” and says she was “not





Conflicts on these applications


1)  Mahala contradicts herself in saying “Abraham Hembree lived to be over 100

years old”  and  “My Grand Father Abram Hembree was born in the Cherokee

Nation in the year 1793.”  She has Abraham living in Hamilton County, TN in

1851.  All three of these are wrong.


2)  She was sure about when and where she was born (November 3, 1829

Rutherford County, NC) and sure her father James M. Hembree was born in

North Carolina as well.  Abraham did not move to that area until 1828.


There is evidence that James M. Hembree left South Carolina in 1826 (a letter of

release from the church) and he appears in the 1830 census for Rutherford Co,



There is evidence that Matilda Hembree, Abraham’s daughter, married a Hembree

before 1810 and moved to North Carolina, had two sons there, but returned to her

father’s household by 1820.  (Her sister Elizabeth also married a Hembree after

1810 and moved to NC.)  Matilda was dismissed by the same church a month

before James M. was.  Matilda and James M. resided nearby in the 1830 census

and they both are gone by 1840.


Mahala knew she was the oldest surviving child of James M. but knew she had a

brother who was born & died in 1827.  She does not give a birth date for her

father, but might have had 1810 in mind (1793+17 = 1810,  1810+17 = 1827).


Although Mahala attempts to prove that James M. is a son of Abraham, she

actually proves that he is a grandson, the son of Matilda, as it turns out.  But

since he was raised as a son, Abraham is fairly considered his father.



The Minverva Key Group  (apps 6078 thru 6087)



                        6078 - Minerva A. Key, dau of Reuben Emery and 1st cousin of

                                                            Mahala Clonts (4969)


                        6079 -  Enoch Key, son of Minerva Key


                        6080 -  Mrs. Elsada Frady & ch,  dau of Minerva Key


                        6081 -  Henry Key,  son of Minerva Key


                        6082 -  Missouri Dale,  dau of Minerva Key


                        6083 -  Allen  Key,  son of Minerva Key


                        6084 -  Mrs. Fannie Bryant & ch,  dau of Minerva Key


                        6085 -  Mrs. Dela Worley & ch,  dau of Minerva Key


                        6086 -  Mary Jane Key,  dau of Minerva Key


                        6087 -  Pinkney Key & ch,  son of Minerva Key




                        Mahala (Hembree) Clonts lived in Santa Luca (Gilmer County), Georgia.

            So did her cousin, Minerva (Hembree) Key.  A month after the Clonts group of

            applications were completed, the Minerva Key group of applications were

            completed (December 17, 1906).




            Contributions of these applications


            1)  The birthplace of Reuben Emery is given as Spartanburg, South Carolina.

            This is an important fact because these people knew nothing of census data

            which confirms this fact.


            2)  Mentions the uncle James Emery or Hembree who was half-blood Cherokee.

            This mystery could only be resolved by an unrelated James marrying one of

            Abraham’s daughters.  James Hembree, son of an unknown Hembree married

a Sarah and joined the church where Abraham Hembree was a member.  James


was a half-blood, who later went to Georgia.  Abraham had a daughter Sarah

who died in  Georgia.  James and his wife Sarah joined Abraham’s church

(along with Owen and his wife, also a daughter of Abraham).

            Mystery solved!


            3)  Legitimately refers to Reuben as one-quarter Cherokee which is the tribal

            standard for someone whose grandmother was a tribal member, regardless of

blood percentage.  Abraham’s mother was a tribal member in South Carolina.


4)  Calls Reuben’s mother a half-blood Cherokee but certainly this is true of

Abraham’s mother (Reuben’s grandmother) – one generation off.  There is no

indication that Abraham’s wife was any part Cherokee (though, of course, she

could be).  There is every indication that Abraham’s mother, however, was

half-blood Cherokee, a tribal member,  and part of the “Cherokee aristocracy”

of South Carolina, perhaps owning slaves and residing in a house.  (This would

fit William Emory’s aristocratic tastes.)


            5)  Calls Reuben’s mother “Nancy” which might be a nickname or middle name

            along with “Winnifred”, or the Nancy may also refer to Reuben’s grandmother.

            That it refers to Reuben’s mother (Abraham’s wife) is hinted at in the naming of

            his first two daughters:


                                    Elizabeth           (named for his mother-in-law)


                                    Nancy / Susan  (named for his mother)


            (The name Winnifred does not show up among his daughters but it may be an

            unused first name.)


            6)  Gives the names of the parents of Sarah Laird (Lard) and these are confirmed

            by census records.




Conflicts on these applications


1)  Makes no mention of Abraham at all.   Asserts Cherokee blood only through

Reuben’s mother “Nancy”.  Cannot name one other child of Nancy or where she

was born, whether she was alive in 1851, etc.


2)  Located Reuben in Gilmer County in 1851 and claims that Minerva Key was

born 1845 in Gilmer County.  She was born in Murray County (near the home

of Cherokee Chief John Ross at Spring Place) and that’s where Reuben lived in





            The Mary Houser / John W. Hembree Group (apps 44517, 44739)



                        44517 -   John William Hembree, son of James M. Hembree, filed on

                                                February 29, 1908.


                        44739 -   Mary (Hembree) Houser, daughter of James M. Hembree,

                                                filed on April 11, 1908.




            Both of these applications seem to be instigated by their older sister Mahala

Clonts.  The above were two of the children born to James M. Hembree in his

old age (70 or so) and right before his death.  They knew little about their father

and, it turns out, he died just two weeks after their mother died.  Neither of them

were sure where they were born (John simply puts “Ga.” and Mary puts “Murray

Co., Ga” but she was probably born in Gilmer County).  They know nothing

about their siblings (mentioning only each other and, of course, Mahala Clonts).

Mary does mention Sarah Ann Scott, who was Mahala’s full sister.  They know

almost nothing about their parents and really nothing about their grandparents,

repeating Mahala’s information that James and Abraham were enrolled in the

1835 and 1851 rolls in Murray County, GA.


Not only do these applications lack information, but they contradict Mahala’s

application – and she was their source.

























Although very little information provided on the Miller applications can be

trusted, there is the underlying truth that the family was part Cherokee.


The best conclusion to the question of Cherokee blood among the Hembrees was

set forth in the sworn statement of G.W. Blaylock in 1906 (on behalf of Mahala




            I was here before the Indians were removed.  I knew James M.

            Hembree and I know his daughter Mahala C. Clonts  . . . a great

            many years. They were always known here as part Cherokee

Indians and had that reputation generally and it was never

disputed.  It has always been talked here that James M. Hembree

was enrolled at Washington D.C. as having Eastern Cherokee

blood in him.




























                                                                                          ixp 48

The Hembree & Emory Family Tree 



This is a rough sketch of possible ancestors of the Spartanburg, South Carolina, lines

of Hembree, Embry, and Emory.  Some unrelated lines are shown to differentiate them

from the target group.  

The first generation is actually more than three different lines.  The verified Virginia line is given a  “1v.” initial ancestor;  the unrelated Virginia line that went through Wake

County, North Carolina is given a “1w.” initial ancestor and the verified South Carolina

Emory (aka Hembree) line is given a  “1s.” ancestor .  Note that the Wake County line

is a composite of  three lines which may or may not have gone through Wake County.

Since most Spartanburg Hembrees can trace through William Hembree who appears in

the 1790 census of Wake County, it serves as a “general purpose”  bucket.



Generation No.1


1v.    unknown Virginia HEMBREE



Children of unknown Virginia ancestor are:


2v.     i.    James2 HEMBREE  b.c.1700  d.bef.1770 Lunenburg Co, VA


3v.     ii.    William HEMBREE  b.1695-1705 d.1783 Lunenburg Co, VA

               He lived in Goochland, Halifax and Lunenburg Co, VA.


4v.     iii.   John  HEMBREE  b.1700-1710 VA  d.c.1785 Surry Co, VA 

               He lived in Goochland, Lunenburg and Surry Co, VA.




1w.    unknown Wake Co, NC or Virginia EMBRY 



Various persons of interest (not necessarily related) are:


5w.    i.    William2 EMBRY  b.1715-1720 d.1760 Lunenburg Co, VA

               m. Elizabeth Allen.  He was a son of Col. Henry Embry d.1763.


6w.    ii.    Old Joseph Joel EMBRY  b.c.1720 VA d.bef 1785 Wilkes Co, GA 

               He was in Wake Co by 1761, Georgia by 1777, where his sons joined

               the militia. 


7w.    iii.    Thomas EMBRY II.  b.c.1710 Surry Co, VA d.c.1790 Fauquier Co,

               VA. Son of Thomas Emery or Embry d.1734 Surry Co, VA. 



               On 1749 tax list for Lunenburg Co. (5 tithes) on Col. Henry Embry’s

               plantation, though not a son (per will).

               1787 tax list, 1790 tax list/census Fauquier Co, VA   


8w.    iv.   William EMBRY  b.c.1720 VA d.bef.1790 VA; m. Rachel Davis? 

               His sons were in Fauquier Co, VA then  into KY after 1800.  Father

               of   William Grancer Embry of Kentucky genealogy?


9w.    v.   other  EMBRY  b.1700-1720    

               composite unassigned/unknown




1s.    unknown South Carolina EMORY



Child of unknown South Carolina ancestor is:


10s.   i.    John2  AMORY  b.c.1698-1705 England  d. 1746 South Carolina



Generation No.2



2v.    JAMES2 HEMBREE (UNKNOWN1v)  b.c.1700  d. bef. 1770 Lunenburg Co, VA.  He married SARAH.  It is believed that he was born in Virginia among early settlers

along the James River.  He appears on records of Hanover, Goochland and Halifax Counties, Virginia.   A civil suit Clement Read vs. James Hembry in Feb 1754 Halifax

Co, VA validates the Hembree name.  Clement Read, an attorney for Col. Henry Embry, would presumably know the spelling. 


Children of  JAMES HEMBREE and SARAH are:


11.     i.    DAVID3 HEMBREE  b. 1728 Goochland County, Virginia;        

               d. 1809 Pendleton District (now Anderson Co) South Carolina.

               m.  Elizabeth


12.     ii.    JAMES HEMBREE  b. 1730 Goochland County, Virginia; d.bef. 1790

               Spartanburg County, South Carolina.   m. Sarah   

               Went into SC by 1770 with Baptist group, had land by 1767.


13.     iii.   JOHN HEMBREE  b.c. 1730-35 Goochland County, Virginia;  d.bef 1800

               Rowan County, North Carolina;  m. unknown

               Descendants in Rowan Co, NC &  Spartanburg, SC 1790-1850.


14.     iv.   WILLIAM HEMBREE  b.c. 1740 Goochland County, Virginia;  d.unk      

               No further information established.  Probably d. young; perhaps m.

               Susannah and d.bef.1790 in Spartanburg, SC.                          




3v.    WILLIAM2 EMBRY (UNKNOWN1v)  b.1695-1705 VA,  d. 1783 VA.

He married UNKNOWN.  He appears on the tax list for Goochland County, Virginia, 

in the mid-1750’s.  He also appears in Halifax Co, VA, in an Aug 1754 civil suit.  In

1769 he is listed in Lunenburg Co with 1 tithe (cf. estate of Wm. Embry who d.1760

and still had 18 tithes).  (He was the “poor” William in Lunenburg. See 5w.)

He was a member of the Meherrin Baptist Church but was too old in 1772 when the Separatist faction of the church headed for NC.    



Children of  WILLIAM EMBRY and UNKNOWN are:


15.     i.    JOSEPH JOEL3  EMBRY  b.c. 1730 Brunswick Co, Virginia;  d. 1819

               Madison Co, KY

               1787 tax list Lincoln Co (Ky); 1792 tax list Madison Co, KY

               1800, 1810 census Madison Co, KY


16.     ii.    THOMAS3  EMBRY  b.c. 1735 Brunswick Co, Virginia;  d. Sep 1797

               Wake Co, NC;  m.  Anne JACKSON of Goochland Co, VA

               1790 Wake Co NC p.106: 3 – 3 – 2 – 0 – 0;


17.     iii.   WILLIAM3  EMBRY  b.c. 1730-40 Brunswick Co, Virginia;  d. bef 1810

               Wake Co, NC

               1790 Wake Co NC p.106:  2 – 2 – 4 – 0 – 0; 1800 Wake Co, NC p.729




4v.    JOHN2 HEMBREE (UNKNOWN1v)  b.1705-1710 VA,  d.c. 1785 Surry Co.,

VA.  He married UNKNOWN.  He lived in Goochland, Lunenburg and Surry Co,

Virginia.   A 1739 deed in Hanover Co, VA refers to him as John Hembrow.  A 1744

deed in Norfolk Co, VA, refers to him as John Hamberry.  He appears on the 1750 &

1751 Lunenburg tax list with 6 tithes. He is on the 1782 & 1784 tithe census (8

persons) in Surry Co, VA, as John Sr.  Another John Emery, son of Thomas Emery

d.1734, went to Granville & Halifax Co, NC by 1760 with his brother Green Emery

(who d.1763 Halifax Co, NC). Their descendants in NC went by the Emory name.



Children of  JOHN HEMBREE and UNKNOWN are:


         i.    JOHN3  EMERY  b.c. 1730-45 Virginia;  d. 1824 Surry Co, VA

               On 1784 & 1787 tax list Surry Co, VA; 1799 property listed close to

               David Emery.  Wife was Mary. 


         ii.    ROBERT HEMBREE   b.c.1730-40 VA d.aft.1799  TN or  SC;

               m. Sarah.  Sold land in Spartanburg, South Carolina, in 1799.

               On 1787 tax list Caswell Co, NC,  or Fauquier Co, VA.

               To Spartanburg, SC c.1794 to 1799.  May appear in 1790 census

               of Burke Co, NC (formerly part of Rowan) as Robert Hambrick.


         iii.   JAMES3  EMERY  b.c. 1730-45 Virginia;  d.c.1805 Surry Co, VA;

               On 1782, 1787 & 1800 tax list Surry Co, VA;


         iv.   DAVID  EMERY  b.c. 1740-50 Lunenburg Co, Virginia;  d. unknown

               On 1787 & 1799 tax list Surry Co, VA  (had a son 16-21 in 1787).


18.     v.   WILLIAM W. HEMBREE   b.c.1750/4 Lunenburg Co, Virginia,

               d.1821 Union County, South Carolina;  m. Orindah.

                    Remained in VA until at least 1785 (per children’s birthplaces).

                    Appears in Surry Co. Shipping Order Book 1780-1785 as Wm. Emery

                    and perhaps as Wyatt Emery (middle name) 1785 road survey and

                    1787 tax list Surry Co, VA. (A William Embry is with Robert in

                    Caswell Co, NC but that was Robert’s son.)  To Wake Co, NC c.1788. 

                    1790 census Wake Co, NC; 1800-1820 census Spartanburg, SC.

                    In 1820 census Spartanburg, SC, listed twice: p.255, 279. 



5w.    WILLIAM2 EMBRY (UNKNOWN1w)    b.1715-1720 d.1760 Lunenburg Co,

VA;   m. Elizabeth Allen.  He was a son of Col. Henry Embry d.1763 & Martha





         i.    HENRY3 EMBRY   went to KY; wealthy

               1787 tax list Lunenburg Co, VA, etc, etc – very well documented


19.     ii.    WILLIAM EMBRY  went to Camden District / Chester Co, SC

               b.c. 1745  d.aft. 1810 Chester Co, SC;  m. Martha

               Purchased land on Broad River in 96 District, SC in 1776. Listed in

               grandfather’s and father’s estates.

               1790 & 1800 census Chester Co, SC   [Bob Hembree’s # 9 William]


         iii.   ELIZA EMBRY   m.  Brooks


         iv.   ERMINE EMBRY 



6w.    Old JOSEPH JOEL2 EMBRY (UNKNOWN1w)  b.c. 1720 VA d.c. 1785

Wilkes Co, GA.    He was in Wake Co by 1761, Georgia by 1777, when his sons joined

the militia.  Deed in 1761 to Joseph Emborough on Neuse River in Wake Co, NC.

Often confused with his nephew who went to Kentucky.


Children of  JOSEPH JOEL EMBRY and UNKNOWN are:


         i.    Old REUBEN EMBRY  b.c.1750-5  VA  d.aft. 1812 Franklin Co, TN

               tax list 1812 Franklin Co, TN

               He drew land in Oglethorpe Co, GA bef. 1810 for service in Revolution.

               (Thus, he cannot be same as Reuben b.1780 or b.1770.)


         ii.    Old BOLEY EMBRY  b.c.1750-5 VA   d.aft. 1800

               He drew land in Oglethorpe Co, GA bef. 1810 for service in Revolution.

         iii.   JESSE EMBRY  b.1754  VA  d.1800 Oglethorpe Co, GA 

               m. Anne (Nancy); she b.1755 d.1805.  Probate in Georgia 1800.  He was

               Revolution soldier, serving in GA in 1777.  Confused with nephew who

               d.c.1848 Franklin Co, TN.   He had lands in Jackson Co and Wilkes Co,

               GA and was a justice of the peace. [Jesse Embree of Columbia Co, GA was

               from Quaker parents.]


         iv.   JOSEPH WILEY EMBRY b. 1758  prob NC  d.1850 Coosa Co, AL.

               m(1) Rachel Olive (she b.1759 Wake Co, NC); m(2) Mary Glen 1809

               Oglethorpe Co, GA.  Part of Separatist Baptist migration. 

               He drew land in Oglethorpe Co, GA bef. 1810 for service in Revolution.

               Sons Britton, Joel, Jesse, went to Alabama & Mississippi by 1830.                 

               1840 census Talladega Co, AL age 80-90; 1850 Coosa Co, AL age 97.


               Grandfather of Owen Embry (1807-1869) of Carroll Co, GA.  (cf. Owen

               Hembree (1777-1837) of Carroll Co, GA.)


         v.   BRITTON  EMBRY  b.c.1760    d.aft. 1812

               tax list 1812 Franklin Co, TN

               He drew land in Oglethorpe Co, GA bef. 1810 for service in Revolution.


         vi.   WILLIAM EMBRY  b.c. 1762 VA or NC;  d. 1802 Wake Co, NC.

               Not located in 1790 (in Georgia), returned to Wake Co with widowed

               mother.  Wrote will in 1795,  no male descendants.  Wife d.bef. 1795.


         vii.  ENOCH EMBRY  b.1765  Wake Co, NC  d.c. 1856 Coosa Co, AL

               Not located in 1790 (in Georgia), returned to Wake Co with widowed

               mother and brother William.



7w.    THOMAS2  EMBRY II.  (UNKNOWN1w)  b.c.1720 VA d.bef.1800   

         Fauquier Co, VA.      Son of  Thomas Emery or Embry  of Surry Co, VA

         who d.1734.  Grandson of John Emery & Susannah Green. 

            His son Thomas Embry becomes “Thomas Sr.” in 1800 in Fauquier County.

            His brothers Green (d.1763 Halifax Co, NC) and John went to North Carolina

            c.1760 and their descendants are known by the Emery, Emory name.  His

            brother Benjamin b.1700-1712  d.bef. 1799 Surry Co, VA had sons Charles,

            Peyton, Thomas, Nathan and Harwell (Hartwell or Howell).  Wyatt is probably

            a son or nephew of Benjamin as well.  A William Emery (1751-1779) killed in

            the Revolution could belong to the Surry County Emerys (7w) or  our Embrys

            of Lunenburg Co (4v). 

         Children include Thomas Embry Jr, John Embry both listed in Fauquier Co,

         VA in 1787.



8w.    WILLIAM2  EMBRY   (UNKNOWN1w)  b.c.1720 VA d.bef.1790 VA;

         m. Rachel Davis 1743. He’s the presumed father of William Grancer Embry. 

         Websites are dedicated to tracing his descendants but beware of “black hole”

         genealogies that pull every known Embry into his line.



9w.    other2  EMBRY  (UNKNOWN1w)  b.1700-1720    



10s.        JOHN2  AMORY (UNKNOWN1s)  b.c.1698-1705 England  d. 1746 South Carolina. He was buried 5 October 1746 at St. Philip’s Parish, Charleston, South

Carolina.  (See Family Sheet)



Generation No.3



11.    DAVID3 HEMBREE (JAMES 2v,UNKNOWN1v) was born 1728 in Goochland

County, Virginia; and died 1809 in Pendleton District (now Anderson County),

South Carolina at his home on 26 Mile Creek.  He married ELIZABETH.  He was in

the Granville County, North Carolina militia in  1754/55. 


Children of  DAVID HEMBREE and ELIZABETH are:


23.     i.    (Rev) JAMES4 HEMBREE   b.1758 prob. Granville County, North Carolina, 

               d. 1849 Anderson County, South Carolina; m. Asenath Felton 


24.     ii.    SUSANNAH HEMBREE   b.1761 prob. Granville County, North Carolina, 

               d. unk.  m. Mark Pitts


25.     iii.   ELIZABETH HEMBREE   b.1767/76  South Carolina,   d.unk 

               m.  William Butler


26.     iv.   MARGARET (Peggy) HEMBREE   b.1770-1775 Spartanburg, South

               Carolina; d.bef.1810 Pendleton District, South Carolina.  

               m.  Nicholas Welch (b.c.1765 NC d.bef. 1830 GA).




12.    JAMES3 HEMBREE (JAMES 2v,UNKNOWN1v) was born 1730 in Goochland

County, Virginia; and died before 1790 in Spartanburg District, South Carolina.  He

married  SARAH (BIRD?).  He was in the Granville County, North Carolina militia in

1754/55.  Part of the Separatist Baptist split in NC (Deep River & Sandy Creek

Association) siding with Philip Mulkey and removed to Abbeville & Fairforest

(Spartanburg), SC by 1765. 


Children of  JAMES HEMBREE and SARAH are:



27.     i.    JOEL4 HEMBREE   b.1755  North Carolina  d.1825 Roane County, 

               Tennessee                                      (See Family Sheet.)

               Joel Emry  1790 census Spartanburg, SC  p.87:   2 - 1 -  6 -  0  - 3.

               Joel Hembrey 1800 census Spartanburg SC p.199  0 3 1 0 1 -  0 0 1 1 0 - 0 5



28.     ii.    WILLIAM4 HEMBREE   b.1758 North Carolina  d.bef 1830 Spartanburg,

               South Carolina. He m(1) unknown, m(2) Lucinda (Lucy) (b.c.1765 VA d.aft.1860 Spartanburg). 

               Land in Pendleton District 1785, in Rutherford Co, NC,  Spartanburg, SC.

               William Hembree  1820 census Spartanburg, SC  p.271.

               (This is the father of Joseph HEMBREE b.1779 NC d. 1868 Roane Co, TN.)



29.     iii.   unknown HEMBREE  b.1765-1775 South Carolina , d.bef. 1810 NC or SC,

               (ISAAC?  HENRY?)

               m.  NANCY  (b.c.1770  d.bef 1840 South Carolina)             

               Nancy Hembree, next to William   1820 census Spartanburg, SC  p.271.




13.    JOHN3 HEMBREE (JAMES 2v,UNKNOWN1v) was born 1730-35 in Virginia;

and died bef. 1800 in  Rowan County, North Carolina.  He married UNKNOWN.  He

came to Rowan County c.1793 when the Sandy Creek Baptist Association established

a church on the Yadkin River.   The parent church was Haw River in Chatham County,

which also planted a church in Pendleton District, SC (under Elnathan Davis).



Children of  JOHN HEMBREE and UNKNOWN are:



30.     iii.   JOHN4 HEMBREE   b.1766 North Carolina,  d.c. 1852 Union County, Illinois;  m.  Lydia ------.   On 28 Sep 1799 John & Lydia Hembree witnessed the will of

               Edward Gates in Rowan County, North Carolina.  He is listed in that county in the 1800, 1810 census.   Father of Joel Joseph EMERY (b.1802 NC d.aft. 1860 IL) of Union County, Illinois.  (See Family Sheet.)  They are listed together in 1850 Union Co, Illinois.



31.     ii.    JOEL4 HEMBREE   b.1765-70 North Carolina   d.bef 1830 Roane County, Tennessee.   (cf. #20).   Father of  Col. Joel Hembree (1796-1868).

               He m.  MATILDA (part Cherokee?).

               Joel Hembrey 1800 census Spartanburg Co, SC p.207  




14.    WILLIAM3 HEMBREE (JAMES 2v,UNKNOWN1v) was b.c.1740 Goochland Co,

         Virginia;  d.bef. 1790 Spartanburg, SC (?).  He m. Susannah(?).

         She is listed as a widow in the 1790 census for Spartanburg SC p.86: 1 – 2 – 5 and

         in an 1811 deed from William L. Allen to John Arnold selling land on James Creek

         of the Tyger River bordering “Susanna Hambry’s old line”.  She appears to be a

         Hamby but cannot yet be accounted for among the Hambys, although her 3 sons

         could not be accounted for as Hembrees. 


         Failing this construction, nothing is known of William and perhaps he does not

         exist here as a brother but elsewhere as a cousin (see #17, #18, #19).




15.    JOSEPH JOEL3 EMBRY (WILLIAM3v,UNKNOWN1v) was b.c. 1730 in Brunswick County, Virginia; and d. 1819 Madison Co, KY;  m.  

         1787 tax list Lincoln Co, (KY); 1792 tax list Madison Co, KY;

         1810 census Madison Co, KY:  0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 1. . . 0 – 0 – 0 – 0 – 1 . . . 0 – 1  

         Joseph’s sons Talton and Joel are sometimes confused with the wealthier and

         older cousins of the same name. 

         Possible ch:  Thomas, John, Martha, Susan, Robert, Temperance, Jesse, Talton,

         Sarah, Joel Jr.



16.    THOMAS3 EMBRY (WILLIAM3v,UNKNOWN1v) was b. 1735 in Brunswick

         County, Virginia; and d. September 1797 Wake Co, NC;  m.  Anne JACKSON.

         She was b.1737 Goochland Co, VA d. 30 Sep 1830 Oglethorpe Co, GA.  

         1790 Wake Co NC p.106:  3 – 3 -- 2


Children of Thomas Embry and Anne Jackson:


         i.    THOMAS J. EMBRY   b.1758 VA  d.aft.1810 Jackson Co, GA


         ii.    WILLIAM EMBRY (aka William Jackson Embry) b. Feb 1760 VA

               d.1829 Oglethorpe Co, GA;  m.  Frances

               His estate entered a claim c.1830 in Oglethorpe Co, GA based on his

               service in the Revolution.


         iii.   JOHN EMBRY  b. April 1763 VA  d.c. 1840 Madison Co, GA

               m.  Nancy Luckie

               John & Nancy Embry witnessed a deed in Wilkes Co, GA in 1793.

               His son Hezekiah Embry b.1787 appears in 1810 Spartanburg SC

               census close to Owen Hembree.


         iv.   MARY FANNIE EMBRY  b.c.1765 VA

               m. Mark Simms  1784  Wake Co, NC


         v.   REUBEN EMBRY  b.c. 1770 VA d.1835 Oglethorpe Co, GA

               m.  Nancy  d. Aug 1869  Tippah Co, Mississippi


         vi.   TEMPERANCE (TEMPY) EMBRY  b.c.1772 VA

               m. Charles Ritch  1792  Wake Co, NC


         vii.  BOLEY EMBRY  b.c. 1775 VA  d.1832 Franklin Co, TN

               m. Winnie KEY  1807  Jackson Co, GA

               1812 tax list Franklin Co, TN


         viii.  ENOCH J. EMBRY  b.c.1780 NC  d.   TN?


            [this is an abbreviated version . . . ]


                                                                                         ixp 56


Notes on the Amory-Emory family of Charleston              



The ancestor John Amory (d.1746) spent only a few years on American

soil and left no white descendants, although he had six children.

But the mixed-blood children of his son William Emory (d.1770) and his

son John Robert Emory (d.1790) fill the pages of Cherokee genealogy. 

His own mixed-blood son John Emory aka Old John Hembree also left

many descendants.


John Amory came first to Savannah, Georgia, then to Charleston, South

Carolina, where he became the caretaker of the Governor Johnson estate

on Charles Town Neck.  There he (later his wife alone) hosted numerous

delegations from the Cherokee nation:  Indians, traders, interpreters, agents.

Some of the “conventions” lasted several days and, from the expense

accounts submitted by Mrs. Amory, copious quantities of spirited beverages

were consumed.  Since the governor (Governor James Glen) and many

councilmen attended these conventions, Mrs. Amory’s expense accounts

were approved without going into much detail.   


An earlier Amory family in Charleston is better known in the history books, but

if history were written by the men who lived it,  Mrs. Amory’s hospitality would

deserve its own chapter.


The first Amory family of Charleston


Jonathan Amory (1654 – 1699) came from a merchant family whose pursuits

took them across oceans.  He was born in England, raised in Ireland, and

went off to the West Indies, and then to Charleston in Carolina (before the

North and South were split).  He became the Speaker of the House of

Assembly and the Treasurer.  As noted below, he had a brother Thomas, and

a brother Robert.  He had a son Robert who died young.  His son Thomas is

described below. 


Thomas Amory (b. May 1682 d. 20 June1728), a son of Jonathan Amory and

Rebecca Houston, came to Charleston via the West Indies as a child (1686).

In 1694 he was sent back to England to complete his studies and by 1706 he

was a trade agent in the Azores.  In 1719 he went to Massachusetts (Boston)

where he had relatives and then he went down to Charleston.  He married

Rebecca Holmes on 9 May 1721 at Saint Philip’s Parish in Charleston and

they moved up to Boston, leaving his sister Sarah Amory Middleton (1690 –

1722) to watch over the family interests in the south.  



In Boston, Amory was a distiller of rum and turpentine, quite successful, and

his meticulous business journals offer historians a great source of information.

It is believed he died after falling into a cistern at his distillery.

[Dictionary of American Biography, I, 260, 261]



The Amory Family of Lincolnshire, England



We know that the family of John Amory was living in Boston, Lincolnshire, in

1737.  His grant by the Common Council on 5 October 1737 (giving him 150

acres in Georgia) refers to him as “John Amory of Boston in the County of

Lincoln, yeoman” and another entry refers to “John Amory and Sarah his Wife

(now going to Georgia)”.  This same entry notes that they had an estate in

Lincoln that collected at least L 50 yearly in rents.


A yeoman was a skilled laborer or a tradesman, below a “gentleman” or

“esquire” in social status but above a commoner, laborer or farmer.  A later

reference shows that he had training in surveying, so perhaps that was his




               Read a Grant and Enfoefment of One hundred and fifty Acres of Land to

               John Amory of Boston in the County of Lincoln, Yeoman.

               Palace Court Wed. October 5th , 1737

                                         [Candler, Colonial Recs of GA, II, 212]


               Grant and Enfoeffment (with Livery and Seisin indorsed) made the 5th of

               October 1737 to John Amory of Boston in the County of Lincoln yeoman. . . .

               150 acres in Georgia of the same Tenor and as the Indenture to Joseph

               Wardrope Entd. in Page…As by a Counterpart thereof remaining with the

               Trustees at large appears.


               5 October  to John Amory of Boston in the County of Lincoln Yeoman 150

               Acres to take 3 Servants at 20 Acres each.          

                                         [Coleman, Colonial Recs of GA, XXXII, 249,264]




The “servants” were indentured servants who could not pay their way to the

colonies but agreed to work in servitude for a number of years, after which

they would take an oath as freemen and be able to have property in their

name.  It was hard to get enough men to go over as servants so there were

sometimes “bonuses”:




   Resolved:  That to Each of the Servants Who are out of their time before

   Christmas next fifty Acres of Land be granted (the Land to be set out in

   Villages) on proper Certificates of their good Behaviour;  And that a Cow

               and a Sow be given to Each of them. 

                    [Candler, Colonial Recs of GA, II, 206]



John was allowed three indentured servants but took only two: his eldest sons

John (Robert) and Will.     



                                                                                            ixp 59

John Amory Family Sheet


John AMORY b.1698-1705 in England, buried 5 October 1746 Saint Philip’s

Parish, (Charleston) South Carolina. He m. Sarah WILSON 13 February

1726 at Silk Willoughby, Lincolnshire, England.   She was b.1703-1711 in

England and was buried 31 Mar 1765 at Saint Philip’s.

She m(2) William ELDER 17 Aug 1747 at Saint Philip’s.  He d.1748.  She

m(3) Thomas NIGHTINGALE 30 Nov 1749 at Saint Philip’s (Charleston,

South Carolina). He was b.1716 d. 2 Nov 1769, buried at Saint Philip’s.



Children of John Amory and Sarah Wilson:


      i.       John Robert Emory   chr. 30 Oct 1727 Great Hale/Little Hale,

   Lincoln;  bur. March 1790  at Saint Philip’s.

               m. Susannah Catherine Grant (Cherokee) 1743 had 1? ch.

               See John Amory and the Emory Cherokees  for descendants.

               (Ancestor of Bushyhead  and Chief John Jolly.)

   A John Emmar  buried 12 Oct 1740, thought to be a son of John

   Amory, was b.1722 in Bedfordshire as John Embury, and was the

   indentured servant of John Taylor of Charleston.


      ii.      William Emory   chr. 20 Oct 1728 Alford, Lincoln and chr. again

               15 Sep 1731  Great Hale/Little Hale, Lincoln (by a Wilson bishop)

               bur. 31 Jul 1770 at Saint Philip’s (Charleston, South Carolina).

               m(1) Mary Grant (Cherokee) c.1743   had 5-6 ch.

   m(2) Mrs. Sarah (          ) Irish Loocock Cantle 18 Nov 1768.

   She d. July 1770.   (4 husbands, no known children)



      iii.     Sarah Amory   chr. 8 Sep 1730 Great Hale/Little Hale, Lincoln

               d. England? aft 1760    no ch?

               m.  Mungo Graham 18 Oct 1749 at Saint Philip’s,  

               son of Dr. Patrick Graham of Savannah, Georgia (Georgia’s

               Agent to the Creek Nation).




      iv.     Mary Amory   chr. 11 Mar 1733  Wrangle, Lincoln, England

               d. 19 Sep 1734  Lincolnshire, England



      v.      Elizabeth Amory   chr. 8 Dec 1735   Boston, Lincoln, England

               bur. 5 Apr 1744 at Saint Philip’s (Charleston, South Carolina).



      vi.     (Rev.) Isaac Amory   chr. 16 Mar 1736   Boston, Lincoln, England

               d.  1789 Rockingham, England. 

m.   Mary Wilson  24 Apr 1780 Carlton Scroop, Lincoln, England,

no children  (she d.1833)

               [New Eng Hist. & Gen. Reg. Jan.1856, X, 59-65; IGI England]



Child of John Amory and Mary Moore (Cherokee):


      vii.    John Emory (or Hembree) b.1744  SC   d.c.1809 SC or KY 

               had many children

               See Old John Hembree aka John Emory  for descendants.




Notes on John Amory 



When John Amory arrived in Savannah he had a series of setbacks.  First, the official surveyor (named Jones) would not set out his grant.  Then the land

was marshy, on Pipe Makers Creek (about where the current airport is).  The

only crop he could put in was rice.  Then he was denied a line of credit to buy

tools and seed.  The dissatisfaction with Jones was acute since Amory himself was qualified to survey his own grant but required Jones to do it.



      William Stephens to the Trustees:  Surveyor Jones has certainly been

      negligent in his Duty of running out Lands. . .


      There is a person come, among some of those lately imported, a Mr.

      Amery, who tis said understands that Business well; & might therefore

      opportunely supply his place:  nevertheless . . . in some discourse I had

      with Mr. Amery, I found he should not think it worth his pains, to work on

      that Affair at so low a rate, as he understood Jones was to be allowed.

      [Candler, Colonial Recs of  GA, XXII, 79-80]



The authorization for the line of credit was given by the Trustees but not honored

in Savannah:   


      Read a Petition of John Amory and Sarah his Wife (now going to Georgia)

      praying a Credit if Occasion should require of fifty Pounds Sterl. in Provisions

      or Necessaries in Georgia. 

      Resolved:  That a Letter of Credit be given to the Petitioners on their giving a

      proper Security for the payment of the same out of their Estate in Lincoln Shire.

      [Coleman, Colonial Recs of  GA, II, 215]


The lack of tools and seed was one reason the line of credit was not given.  But

if the landholder was not raising crops, he would forfeit his land.  It was hard

enough to make marsh savannah land arable without tools and without the other

engine of agriculture available in other colonies:  slavery.  The Trustees could

not subsidize the importation of slaves until income was generated by crops.

The other hitch in the Georgia charter was that land was held by the grantee and

his male heirs.  So if a man spent three years clearing ground and died, leaving

a widow and minor children, the survivors would be bankrupt and removed off the



      Read a Letter from Mr. William Stephens dated Janry. 19 1737/8 wherein he

      acquaints the Trustees of the Dissatisfaction among several Persons upon the

      Tenure of their lots being confin’d to Heirs Male. . . .

      They are to be reminded of the terms they agreed to and reminded that anyone

      not cultivating their land will forfeit it.  [Coleman, Colonial Recs of  GA, II, 227-228]



The situation was different across the river in South Carolina.  In 1738 John Amory got a grant of 500 acres there and also got a job offer too good to refuse: the management of the empty estate of the late Governor Nathaniel Johnson.


      Dec. 4, 1738.  Monday.  . . . Mr. Bradley got a grant in Purrysburgh. . . .

      Mr. Amory who went with him was also said to have obtained a Grant of five

      hundred Acres for his Family;  but that the Reason of his not returning with

      Mr. Bradley was, because Mr. Johnson, the late Governor’s Son, being a

      Passenger with him from England this Time Twelvemonth, and discovering

      him to be a Person of some Qualifications desirable, now meeting him in

      Carolina, persuaded him to stay, and be Steward and Supervisor of his Estate

      in that Country, which was pretty considerable; for that he himself was purposing

      to go for England.  [Coleman, Colonial Recs of  GA, IV, 238]



John Amory’s entry into the Indian trade in 1741 is covered in John Amory

And the Emory Cherokees.


May 4, 1744.
      "Know all men by these presents that I, John Amory of the

Province of South Carolina, Indian Trader, have bargained,

sold and delivered and by these presents do bargain, sell

and deliver unto Wm. Elder all these geldings and mares

hereafter mentioned.... " Berkeley County Archives, 12 May 1744

   Witnessed by John Watts and William Winsmore.




                                                                                             ixp 62

Sarah (Wilson) Amory Nightingale – Indian trader



Mrs. Sarah Amory then Nightingale had three husbands who were in the

Indian trade but she made more in the Indian trade than all of them combined,

submitting annual expense accounts for hosting Cherokee, Catawba, Creek

and Chickasaw.   Just a few samples:


An Account of Mrs. Sarah Amory, amounting to the Sum of fifty-one Pounds and

ten Shillings, being for dieting and Liquor for the Indians &c. 

            [SC Commons Journal  of  22 Jan 1745]


An Account of  Sarah Amory, amounting to the Sum of £ 970:06:00, for  Sundries

supplied the Indians.     

            [SC Commons Journal  of  13 Feb 1746]


      An Account of Mrs. Sarah Amory in the Amount of    £ 1399 : 5,  being for the

      Entertainment of the Cherokee Indians upon Charles Town Neck and for the

      Pasturage of their Horses.  [SC Commons Journal  of  9 Feb 1750, 3 May 1750]



      An Account of Thomas Nightingale amounting to the  Sum of two hundred and

      seventy seven Pounds, seven Shillings and six Pence, it being for the entertainment

      of twenty seven Chicasaw Indians and twenty five Catawbas upon Charles town

      Neck and for the Pasturage of the Horses &c.   (The committee found 14 pounds

      overcharged.)                [SC Commons Journal  of  18 Jan 1751, 27 Feb 1751, 9 May 1751]



      Two Accounts of Sarah Nightingale, one amounting to £103 for entertaining

      Indians and the other to £150, for damages sustained by the Royal American

      Regiment being encamp'd in her Pasture. [SC Commons House of 18 Jan 1758]



      An Account of Sarah Nightengale for Board and Lodging White Men and Indians

      &  Pasturage for their Horses to 21st November 1758, Seven hundred and fifty

      Pounds 2/6.  Friday the 19th of January 1759.



Sarah Amory (before she became Sarah Nightingale) had a prodigious

budget for Indian expenses.   She continued this trend as Sarah

Nightingale.  In some years she submitted claims for over a thousand

pounds.  To put this in perspective, the Indian Agent to the Cherokee was

paid only a hundred pounds a year.  




        Sarah Amory’s accounts for Indian expenses in the public interest:



   1741      4:05:0                    4:05:0     4:05:0 (John’s)


   1743     41:05:0                   41:05:0    41:05:0 (1742)


           57:10:0    34:00:0    34:00:0    34:00:0

   1744           ?

   1745     51:10:0                   51:10:0    51:10:0

   1746   970:06:0   961:01:0   961:01:0   961:01:0

   1747      ?

   1748   135:10:0             135:10:0   135:10:0     

   1749   753:12:6   748:10:0   758:15:0   758:15:0

   1750  1399:05:0   1232:05:0 1377:07:6  1377:07:6

   1751     41:07:0        36:04:6    36:04:6    36:04:6 (1750)


      1747 as Sarah Elder, after 1751 as Sarah Nightingale



  Notes on William Elder  



“And that his Honour be also desired to dispatch another Messenger with a

Letter to Mr. William Elder, and other Traders in the Cherokee Nation, to

acquaint us with their [ the Cherokees] Disposition, and what Measures are

most proper to be taken to secure their Fidelity to us.  And that such Messenger

be agreed with to go constantly between us and the Cherokees for the bringing

of Intelligence.”       [SC Commons Journal  of  31 Jan 1740]



            All Persons indebted to the Estate of William Elder Indian-Trader, deceased, are

            desired to pay their respective Debts to the Subscriber – and all those to whom the

            said Estate is indebted, are desired to bring their Accompts, properly attested, to

                                                                                    Sarah Elder, Administratrix


            N.B.  As there is great Reason to believe that some of the said Deceased’s Effects

            are concealed, Notice is hereby given to any Persons possessing the same, that

            unless they immediately deliver them to the Administratrix, or acquaint her therof,

            they will be prosecuted with the utmost Severity.

            [SC Gazette Mon. Feb. 1 to Mon. Feb. 8, 1749 (old style: 1748)]



   Notes on Thomas Nightingale 


   Letters from Ludovic Grant, James Beamer and Thomas Nightingale “in the

   Cherokee Naton” were read to the South Carolina legislature on 16 September

   1746.  (They reported on the presence of “French” Indians at Keowee.)

   [SC Commons Journal  of  16 Sep 1746.]


   Another letter from Thomas Nightingale, “a Trader in the Cherokee Nation” was

   read to the legislature on 25 May 1749.  

   [SC Commons Journal  of  25 May 1749.]


   On 24 October 1757 Thomas Nightingale, saddler, and Sarah (Amory) his wife,

   sold to “Robert Gouedey, Indian trader, of Ninety-Six”  200 acres on Ninety Six

   Creek  (a branch of the Saluda River)  for L 300.      

   [Brent Holcomb, SC Deed Abstracts 1773-1778, p.26]



   Thomas Nightingale was buried 4 November 1769 according to the records of

   Saint Philip’s Parish in Charleston.  His death was reported in the Tuesday,

   7 November 1769 issue of the South Carolina Gazette.   Colonel Isaac Hayne,

   who was a personal acquaintance of Thomas Nightingale (they purchased lots

   together in Beaufort on speculation) noted in his journal the death:  “Thomas

   Nightingale of Newmarket aged 53, 4th of Novr 1769.”  [SC Hist Mag, X  p.158]



   Children of Thomas Nightingale and Sarah (Wilson) Amory:


            i.          Sarah Nightingale  b. 28 Aug 1751  d.  5 Oct 1825

                        buried at Saint Philip’s

                        m. 15 May 1769  William Johnson (b.1741 NY d. 21 Mar 1818

Charleston, SC); a patriot and leading figure of the SC Revolution.

                        Had 12 children,  see:




            ii.         John Nightingale  bapt. 24 Mar 1762 at St. Philip’s  bur. 12 Jun

                        1764 at St. Philip’s.






Notes for Sarah Amory (b.1729/30) & Mungo Graham



Sarah Amory, the daughter of John Amory and Sarah Wilson, married Mungo

Graham of Savannah on 18 October 1749 at  Saint Philip’s in Charleston by

the Reverend Alexander Garden.  Mungo Graham was the son of Dr. Patrick

Graham of Savannah, Georgia, another one of the “clamorous malcontents”

listed with John Amory.


Dr. Patrick Graham “of Crieff in the County of Perth in Scotland” received a

grant of 100 acres in the Georgia colony by the London board on 19 May

1736.  [Coleman, GA Col Recs, XXXII, 210]   His land was on Pipe Makers

Creek, close to the land of John Amory.


Patrick Graham acted as Agent to the Creek Nation and helped to work out

the treaty with the Creek Indians.  [Coleman, GA Col Recs, XXXI, 556; XXXIII,

365-7, 524-6]


Patrick held onto the land on Pipe Makers Creek by leasing it on a yearly

basis perpetually to Mungo Graham “for the term of one whole year paying

the rent of one peppercorn only.”  [Beckemeyer, GA Absracts, 278]



In his will, dated 26 May 1755, Patrick gave to his sons David and Mungo

Graham lands which included a plantation called Redford.  On 7 July 1758

Mungo leased the Redford Plantation to a ship’s captain named John

Robinson (of Philadelphia).  At this time his father and brother were dead and

his wife “Sarah Graham” could not sign the document because “she is now in 

Great Britain”.   [Beckemeyer, GA Absracts, 279]


In another mention in the colonial records of Georgia, Sarah Graham, wife of

Mungo, was said to be returning to England in 1755 with her mother  [Sarah

Amory Nightingale] to be followed by her husband but the death of  Dr.

Graham in 1755 delayed the return.   But the confirmation that she was back

in England in 1758 is important in helping to track the elusive William Emory

(Sarah Graham’s brother), who we believe served in the British army for

seven years, returning to South Carolina in 1765.  With the formal declaration

of war against France (pending in 1755, official in 1756), William was obliged

by duty to report for service to his country. 


There is some indication that Mungo Graham did not return to England, but

the research on Mungo and Sarah is scant.





Notes for Isaac Amory (b.1734/5) son of John Amory (d.1746)


Isaac was sent back to England to study and there he entered the ministry.

He returned to South Carolina by 1764, perhaps hearing of his mother’s

illness.    He remained in South Carolina less than two years, returning to

England shortly after being assaulted almost mortally. 


In my January 2001 paper on the Amory family, I wrote that Reverend Isaac

Amory was killed in 1765/66.  Here are my sources for that impression:


      A Letter to the Bishop of London   Charlestown Oct. 19, 1766


      . . . Not a House could I set foot in but found some sick, some dead so that [I]

      have had a melancholy Progress. . . .But I have a wide field before Me!  My

      District is 150 Miles in breadth and 300 Length:  And as this Country ever was

      the Grave of the Clergy, it has been bitterly so this Summer.

            For, In May, landed Mr. Lonsdale his Wife, 5 Children and Servants who went

      to Prince William Parish, where they were soon cut off by the Endemic Fever that

      rages here, and not one now left.                       

             Mr. Tonge of St. Pauls and his Wife were taken in July –She is since dead – His

      Recovery is doubted. . . .

             Mr. Amory of Purrysburgh, and Mr. Drake of Christ Church are returned home.

        [The Carolina Backcountry, p.84-85]



The journal of the same clergyman also notes:


      . . . A most pious and devout Young Man, and yet he could not escape the Censure of

      these flighty, Proud, Illprincipled Carolinians.  They are enough to make any Person

      run Mad – And they crack’d the Brain of one Young Man Mr. Amory the Year before.

      We have two now in the same Condition—And others, whose Situation is so uneasy,

      that Life is a Burden to them—I would not wish my worst Enemy to come to this

      Country . . . to combat perpetually with Papists, Sectaries, Atheists and Infidels – who

      would rather see the Poor People remain Heathens and Ignorants, than to be brought

      over to the Church.  Such Enemies to Christ and his Cross, are these vile Presbyterians.  

        [The Carolina Backcountry, p.62]


A footnote in that source comments on Rev. Amory:


        The Rev. Isaac Amory, A.M., became rector of St. John’s Church on John’s Island in
        November, 1764.  The particular attention he paid to some Negroes in his parish brought
        remonstrances from his congregation and led, finally, to his resignation in September, 1765.
        “Minutes of Vestry of St. John’s Colleton, 1734-1817”, 1, 75, typescript in S.C. Hist. Soc.;
        Dalcho,  An Hist. Account of the P.E. Church in S.C.,361-2





The language that Amory “returned home”, I assumed was like the language

 “carried him off” describing the death of another minister and was part of a

list of people who had died.  Amory, though, returned to England. 


The baptism of an illegitimate child is noted twice in the register of Saint



        9 June 1765    Elizabeth Hall, dau of Geo. Abbot & Lois Hall bapt. at Johns Island 
        by the Revd. Mr. Isaac Amory.  (page 100 in original)
        9 June 1765    Elizabeth Hall, dau of Geo. Abbot & Louisa Hall bapt. by the Revd. 
        Mr. Isaac Amory at St. Johns Colliton County.  (page 114 in original)


Oral family history has a “revered uncle” taking care of my ancestor, John

Emory/Hembree (b.1744).  This refers to Thomas Nightingale rather than

Rev. Amory.



The “Memoir of the Family of Amory” in the New England Historical &

Genealogical Register of January 1856 (Vol X, pp.59-65) mistakenly calls

Isaac a “grandson of the Treasurer”  (Jonathan Amory) but provides this

Important data:  Isaac returned to England and obtained a rectorship near

Newark upon Trent in Lincolnshire.  He married Mary Wilson.  He had no

children.  He died at Rockingham in 1789, and his widow lived until 1833.



Gertrude Euphemia Meredith’s The Descendants of Hugh Amory 1605-1805,

(London: Cheswick Press, 1901)  examines and dismisses the connection

between Jonathan Amory and Reverend Isaac Amory and “regrets” that

there is no relationship (p.98).


An Isaac Emmery’s estate inventoried on 19 October 1764 in Newberry

County, South Carolina, was for Isaac Embree of the Quaker Embrees.












                                                                                            ixp 68

Family Sheet:  John Robert Emory  (1727 –1790)                


                            b.  1727 Lincolnshire, England 

                                d.  March 1790   buried  in Charleston,  SC

                                m.  1743  Susannah Catherine Grant, dau of Ludovic Grant and Elizabeth 



   He was the son of John AMORY and Sarah WILSON (see below). His wife was a daughter

   of Ludovic GRANT.  She was b.c.1727 Cherokee Nation, Tennessee and d.1769 at Goose

   Creek, South Carolina.  She is probably the Catherine Emory buried at Saint Philip’s on  22

   October 1769.  





         i.    SUSANNAH EMORY   b. 1744 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation, North Carolina,

         d.c. 1765  Cherokee Nation .  Her name may have been Susannah Catherine, after her mother, or Susannah Rebecca.

         She m(1) JOHN STUART (1718-1779);  m(2) JOHN JOLLY.  


         John Stuart was a politician of Charleston who thought a brief commission as a captain during the building of Fort Loudon on the Tellico River would be helpful.  (He had a white wife in  Charleston.)  He fathered a child with Susannah Emory

         and barely escaped with his life from the siege of the fort.  John Jolly was a young

         soldier from Virginia during the Cherokee War (1760-1761) who assisted the Emory

         family.  Susannah died (probably of smallpox, possibly killed) and her children were

         raised by the tribe.  She had two sons:  Bushyhead (b.1758/9) and John Jolly



The birthdate of 1750 for her shown in the Martin genealogy cannot be correct.

The earliest contact she would have had with John Stuart was in 1756 and the last

contact she had was in August 1760, after Stuart escaped with his life and retired

to Charleston.  The son she bore him (Bushyhead) was most likely born in 1758

or 1759. Stuart was at the fort 15 Jul 1756 thru 5 Mar 1757 and he may have

returned in 1758 for a visit but he was in Charleston for most of 1759, arriving

with reinforcements at the fort in late 1759 under perilous, not happy, circum-

stances.  He did not return to Cherokee territory after 1760. (The Bushyhead family

was still residing near Tamahli, NC in 1817, 1835 and 1852.)



  Notes on Robert Emory



  JOHN ROBERT EMORY  was christened 30 Oct 1727 Great Hale/Little Hale,

  Lincoln, England;  buried March 1790 at Saint Philip’s in Charleston, South Carolina. 

  He was the son of John AMORY (d.1746) and Sarah WILSON (d.1765);  both of his

  parents were active in the Cherokee trade.  His mother married two other Indian

  traders (William ELDER and Thomas NIGHTINGALE) after the death of his father.




  Some Cherokee came with their traders to Charleston in the winter of 1742/1743 to

  discuss ongoing treaty and trade violations by the upper Creek Indians.  Ludovic Grant

  came down from Tomatly (in what is now North Carolina) and camped at the late Governor

  Johnson fields on Charlestown Neck (the New Market Plantation). 

  [SC Commons Journal 19 Jan 1743, 28 Feb 1743]  


  The Amory family were stewards of the Johnson estate and hosted Indian delegations to

  Charleston for 15 years.  They hosted this delegation. [SC Commons Journal  28 Feb &

  28 Apr 1743].  Ludovic Grant’s legal residence was in Charleston.  When he returned to

  the Cherokee Nation in 1743 he was joined by the young brothers Robert and William

  Emory (Amory) who went to work for Grant and married his daughters.


  It might seem odd that two young men (17, 18) would be allowed to go off into the

  wilderness by their parents but these were the considerations:  (1) the sickness in lower

  South Carolina.  They had one sister die young in England and another sister would die

  April 1744 in Charleston.  (2) The opportunities for enterprise and marriage were very

  limited in Charleston.  (3)  “The Cherokee Silver Mine Scheme”  was a brilliant (if

  illusory) opportunity for the Amory family.


  Some of the Cherokee chiefs and traders developed a plan to secure the rights to mine

  silver on the Cherokee land of north Georgia.    [Candler, GA Col Recs, XXIV, 124,125]   

  James Beamer , Cornelius Daugherty, Thomas Nightingale, John Amory and Ludovic

  Grant were involved.  [SC Commons Journal  7 Oct 1743]  The idea was to bring the

  silver down the river then through Purrysburg to Charleston.  John Amory owned land

  in Purrysburg and was ready to reap a windfall. [SC Commons Journal  24 Feb 1743,

  12 Mar 1743]   Unfortunately, the silver ore was very low grade and all rights to it

  belonged to the crown.   While the Emory boys did not find silver, they did find wives

  and they remained in  the Cherokee Nation.   


            “This House, having received Information that a Silver Mine has been

            found in one of the Indian Nations, which has been, or is intended to

            be, opened. . . . ”    [SC Comm Journal 7 May 1743]


            “The Commons House of Assembly submits a report that the silver mine

            in the Cherokee Nation is being worked.”  [Ibid. 14 Oct 1743]


            “…the mine is in the Nation of Cherokee Indians. . .  Advertisements have

            been posted up in Orangeburgh and other Townships, promising   £ 15

            (which is two Guineas) a month to any who will work at the Mine.”

            [Candler, Colonial Rec of Georgia, XXIV, 123]


  Robert Emory was licensed to trade among the Cherokee and, in August 1750,

  was granted access to trade with the Creek Nation.  [The Colonial Records of

   South Carolina:  Documents Relating to Indian Affairs 1750-1754,  p.128].  With him were

Abraham Smith and others.     In Emmett Starr’s source the Susannah Emory who

consorted with Capt John Stuart is merely called a grand-daughter of Ludovic Grant; 

her father is not named.  William and Robert went off to join the British in the war

against the French (1757-1763).  William’s Susannah was his youngest daughter;

Robert’s Susannah (b.1744) was the consort of John Stuart.   



   Robert Emory had a Creek wife and a son who was a Creek warrior (named Emory or

   Emar-  hee) in Georgia but little is known of them.


            Robert witnessed the will of Paul Murrel in Berkeley County, South Carolina in

            August 1787.    


   Robert Emory’s will is dated 19 March 1790 and it was entered for probate 30 March 1790.


            Robert Emmery, his mark, signed will 19 March 1790 in Charles Town.

            Gives “all my estate whatsoever” to Daniel Watson Turner.  Witnessed by

            John Jarman, Daniel (or David) Graham.   Proved 30 March 1790.


            >> David Graham (“Grayhams”) is found in Spartanburg living near Drury and

            Abraham Hembree. 






                                                                                          ixp 71

Family Sheet: William Emory (1727-1770)   

                            b.  1727/8  Lincolnshire, England

                                d.  July 1770  SC  buried 31 July 1770 St Philip’s Parish in Charleston,  SC

                                m(1)  1743  Mary (“Nina”) Grant, Cherokee dau of Ludovic Grant and Elizabeth 

(Euighoote).  Mary  b.1729  TN   d. 1766 or 1769 Goose Creek, SC

                                m(2) Mrs. Sarah (Loocock) Cantle (Nov 1768 in Charleston) she d. July 1770


    WILLIAM EMORY  was born c.1727, christened 20 Oct 1728 at Alford, Lincolnshire,

     and christened again (by a Wilson family bishop, his mother’s family) at Great Hale/Little

     Hale, Lincoln, England on 15 Sep 1731; buried 31 July 1770 at Saint Philips in Charleston,

     South Carolina.

     He was the son of John AMORY (d.1746) and Sarah WILSON (d.1765);  both of his

     parents were active in the Cherokee trade.  His mother married two other Indian

     traders (William ELDER and Thomas NIGHTINGALE) after the death of his father.


     William Emory  m. MARY GRANT (Cherokee) in 1743.  She was a daughter of Ludovic

     GRANT.  She was b.c.1729 Cherokee Nation, Tennessee and d.c. 1766 at Goose Creek,

     South Carolina.  She was probably not the Mary Emory buried at Saint Philip’s in 1769.



     William Emory lived with his wife and her father among the Cherokee at Tomatly, and

     preceded his father-in-law down to South Carolina in 1753.  As a British subject, he

     reported for military duty (with his brother) and is “missing” from 1758 to 1765.


     He m(2) Mrs. SARAH (LOOCOCK) CANTLE  18 Nov 1768.  Her will was proved 20

     July 1770, just 10 days before William Emory died.   (Aaron Loocock was her brother.)



    Children of WILLIAM EMORY and MARY GRANT (Cherokee) are:



         i.    WILL EMORY   b. 1744 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation, North Carolina, d. June

         1788 Chota, Cherokee Nation, Tennessee.  (Had one known child, Thomas, Long Tom, b.c.1780) 


            Note:  he was known as Long Fellow, Capt. Will, Wauhatchie.  Not the same as the

Indian Will who d.c.1758 Wills Knob, Pennsylvania.


                The “Indian Will” of Will’s Creek and Will’s Mountain in Bedford County,Pennsylvania,

and the Cumberland Mts. of Maryland  was most likely killed in 1758.  “Captain  Will”

is the one who captured Daniel Boone in Kentucky in 1769/1775/1779.  Willstown in Alabama

(Dragging Canoe’s second stronghold) was said to be named for Will Webber, though it is

 more likely to be named for our Will.  “Halfbreed Will of  Naquassee” (NC, 1760) is probably

 our Will.



         ii.    MARY EMORY   b. 1746 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation, North Carolina, d.c.

         1800  Cherokee Nation, Tennessee.

         She m(1) William “Rim” Fawling c.1766 (2 ch. 1766-69);  m(2) Ezekiel Buffington c.1770 (6 ch. 1770-80);  m(3) Capt. John Martin c.1782 (1 ch. 1782). 




         iii.   ELIZABETH EMORY   b. 1748 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation, North Carolina, d. 1781  Cherokee Nation, Georgia. 

         She m(1) Ezekiel Buffington c.1767 (1 ch.1768?);  m(2) Robert Dewes c.1770 (1 ch. 1770-1);  m(3) John Rogers c.1772 (5 ch.. 1772-80).



         iv.   SUSANNAH EMORY   b. 1750 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation, North Carolina, d.c. 1796  near Tugaloo, Georgia. 

         She m(1)  Richard Fields c.1765 (7 ch. 1767-78) ; m(2) Capt. John Martin 1781 (4

         ch. 1781-88).


         Note:  Starr confirms the order of daughters: Mary, Elizabeth, Susannah.  This makes William’s Susannah an impossibility to be the mother of Bushyhead.



         v.   DRURY EMORY (or HEMBREE)  b. 12 December 1755 South Carolina, d. 1845 Stone County, Missouri.   (See  separate Family Sheet.) 



         vi.   ABRAHAM EMORY (or HEMBREE)  b. 16 May 1757 South Carolina, d. 1837 Hamilton County, Tennessee. 

                                                                                      ixp 73

Family Sheet:  John Emory or Hembree (1744-1809)   

                            b.  1744  South Carolina

                                d.  1808-1810 prob. Knox County, Kentucky

                                m(1)  1765  Nani (Nancy) Jane, Cherokee b.1746/7 d.c.1768   

                                m(2)  Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Cantle (Jan 1769 in Charleston) she d. 9 Nov 1769.

                                m(3)  Mary or Martha    she d.c.1785 North Carolina.



JOHN EMORY or HEMBREE  was born 1744 in South Carolina (perhaps Purrysburg)

 and died 1808-1810 probably in Knox County, Kentucky.  He was the son of John

 AMORY (d.1746) and Mary MOORE (Cherokee).

 He married (1)  NANI JANE (ELDER?) in 1765.  She d.c.1768.  A second marriage in

 1769 to a Mrs. MARY ELIZABETH CANTLE (who d. Nov.1769) is likely.  A marriage

 to a  MARY or MARTHA in 1770 is certain.  She died at the end of the war (1784/5).  He

 fathered two children by two women in his “widower hood”.

 [See Old John Hembree aka John Emory for more details.]



 Child of JOHN HEMBREE and NANI JANE (Cherokee) is:


         i.    ELIZABETH JANE HEMBREE  b. 1765 South Carolina, d.bef. 1820 prob. 

         in Lawrence or  Hardin County, Tennessee.  She m(1) JOHN WELCH (c.1753 –c.1809)

         son of James Welch of Ireland; m(2) WILLIAM WELCH (c.1760 –1838) of North

         Carolina. The sons born to John Welch were Cherokee tribal members.



 Children of JOHN HEMBREE and MARY or MARTHA (Mixed blood?) are:


         ii.    MARY “POLLY”  HEMBREE  b. 1771 South Carolina, d.11 June 1865

         Milton County, Georgia.   She m. Notley MASTERS (1745 – 1819).


         iii.   WILLIAM HEMBREE  b. 1774 South Carolina, d.c. 1811 Pendleton District,

         South Carolina. He m(1) Selah  HUGHES (Cherokee);  m(2)  Polly.


         iv.   JOHN (JR.) HEMBREE  b. 1776 South Carolina, d. 1836 Knox County,

         Kentucky.  He m. Mary LAWS (b.1780 NC d.bef.1830 KY).



         v.   JAMES HEMBREE  b. 1778 or 1782  North Carolina, d.c. 1828 South Carolina.

         He m. Martha STRATTON (b.1782 NC d.c. 1841 SC).


         vi.   EDWARD HEMBREE  b. 1780 North Carolina, d. 1863 Oconee County, South

         Carolina.     He m(1) Eliza STRATTON (b.1780 NC d.c. 1835 SC); m(2) Phene -----

         (b.1774 d.bef.1860).




 Child of JOHN HEMBREE and SUSANNAH (Cherokee) is:


         vii.  MICHAEL “MAX”  HEMBREE  b. 1785 Cherokee Nation, North Carolina,

         d. 1853  Henry County, Tennessee.  He m(1) Parthena LATHAM (b1790 d.1819

         TN); m(2) Lucretia -----  (b.1795 VA d.c.1860).





         viii. SOLOMON (SULLIVAN)4 JACKSON  b. 4 December 1788 Spartanburg,

         South Carolina, d. 8 July 1852  Texas.   He m(1) Rebecca HEMBREE or EMORY;

         m(2) Mrs. Susannah Minerva (Emory) Sifford (both these were daus. of Drury

         Hembree or Emory); m(3) -------.  He was raised by stepfather Ephraim JACKSON.



         Rebecca Sullivan is listed in the 1790 Census (0 – 1 – 1 – 0 – 0) next to Joel

         Emry and Susannah Jennings (1790 Spartanburgh Co. p.87 see here p. 81).


            “The State against Rebekah Sullivan.  Bastardy.  The Defendant came into open court and made

            oath that the child unlawfully Begotten of her body was got by John Hembry and to the best of

            her knowledge and belief on the 4th of Dec. 1788.  Ordered that she be fined L5  proclamation

            money, deferring execution nine months on her giving surety for the payment thereof.”


            “Rebecca Sullivan as principle, and Abraham Fowler & Ezekiel Sullivan her sureties came into

            Court and acknowledged to owe to the State L 5 proc. Money as aforesaid, for a fine imposed

            upon said  Rebekah for Bastardy.”


            Court of the Ordinary session of 16 June 1789        


            [Brent H. Holcomb,   Spartanburgh County, South Carolina Minutes of the County Court

            1785-1799,   (Easley, SC.: Southern Historical Press, 1980): p.103]  



Note the Ezekiel Sullivan:  he was Rebecca’s brother.  His friend, Ephraim

Jackson,  married Rebecca and raised John’s child as his own.  Ephraim and

Rebecca remained in the Spartanburg area until at least 1825.  (There are two

other Ephraim Jacksons:  one in Spartanburg and the other in Pendleton then

Oglethorpe County, GA.)  The Ephraim who married Rebecca lived close to

Abraham Hembree, he moved up to the Goucher Creek area in 1806 and lived

next to Joshua Pettit (perhaps on or near the lands surveyed for John Hembree

and Joshua Pettit on 15 Nov 1788).


John Hembree was living in Spartanburg before and after the war but is not

found in the 1790 census (unless as John Hembey).   He obtained a land grant

with Joshua Pettit in 1788, he fathered a child there, and he is mentioned in a

civil suit for costs, but I think he went back up to North Carolina in 1789.





                                                                                         ixp 75

Family Sheet:  James Hembree (1785-1845)   

James Emory & Sarah Hembree  

                   James Emery  b.c. 1785 Cherokee Nation   d.c. 1845 Sevier Co, TN  

                         m(1) Sarah Hembree  b. 1794-98 SC d.c 1828 Cobb  Co, GA dau of Abraham Hembree

                         m(2) Esther (Hester)  b.c. 1807 Rutherford Co, NC d.aft.1875 TN; dau of Josiah

(Joseph) & Elizabeth Capshaw;  she m(2) ---- Grammer  Dekalb Co, TN


            (His parents have not been determined.  He was mixed blood Cherokee. He

may be aka James Welch, son of John Welch & Elizabeth Emory, Cherokee)

            (The reconstruction of the family is tentative, much more work is needed.) 



            1)  James EMORY       b.c. 1818  Spartanburg,  SC  d.aft. 1850 unknown

                        m.  Mary L.              1850 census Dekalb Co, TN p.87



            2)  J.     EMORY         b.c. 1821  Spartanburg,  SC  d.bef. 1850 or aft 1870

                        (John? See 7)  m. Nancy Murphy (Cherokee) dau of Edward Murphy

                        had sons Johnson Murphy Emery & David Emery (aka David Hood?)

                        widow or divorced wife 1850 census Hamilton Co, TN  hh 839


            3)  dau  EMORY         b.c. 1823 Spartanburg,  SC  d. aft 1860

                        Sarah Jane or Elizabeth Jane



            4)  Mary (Polly) EMORY   b.c. 1825  SC   d. aft 1870

                        m. William Capshaw (b.c.1805 NC)  1870 census Dekalb Co, TN



            ----children by 2nd wife -----------------------------------


            5)  Minerva  EMORY    b.c. 1827/29 GA or TN ; d.aft.1875 TN or KY

                      unmarried?  (may be  dau of 1st wife)   aka Manerva Capshaw

                        1850 census Dekalb Co, TN p.85 (under Capshaw family)



            6)  Thomas EMORY    b.c. 1828/30  TN   d. aft. 1880 Allen Co, KY

                        m. Julia Watson (mixed blood) dau. of John & Margaret Watson;

                        served Co. H Tenn Mounted Infantry (Cooke’s Rgmt) CSA and

                        Co. H 59th Tenn Mounted Infantry CSA

                        1850 census Dekalb Co, TN p.85 (under Capshaw family)



            7)   Jonathan (John) EMORY  b.c. 1831 Sevier Co, TN  d. 9 Feb 1865

                        near Liberty (Dekalb County), TN (killed as a Confederate guerilla)

                   m.  Maria ------ (mixed blood)

                        widow 1870  census Jefferson Co, TN p.492 

                        Sgt, 4th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (Murray’s) (Confederate) 



            8)   William  EMORY  b.c. 1833 Sevier Co, TN  d. 9 Feb 1865

                        near Liberty (Dekalb County), TN (killed as a Confederate guerilla)

                   m.  Elizabeth  ------ (mixed blood)

                        widow 1870  census Jefferson Co, TN p.367

                        Pvt, 4th Regiment Tennessee Cavalry (Murray’s) (Confederate) 



             9)  Carroll David  EMORY     b.c. 1835 Sevier Co, TN  d.c.1863 or c.1875

                  m.  Maria Crockett  (Melungeon Cherokee)

                        1850 census Dekalb Co, TN p.85 (under Capshaw family)

                        1860 census Dekalb Co, TN p.   (w/wife & ch)

                        1870 census Dekalb Co, TN p.   (3 oldest ch. listed w gr-mother)

            widow 1880  census Rutherford Co, TN p.308d 

               Probably died in Civil War (as Confederate).



            10)  Eleanor (Elander) EMORY    b.c. 1837 Sevier Co, TN  d. aft 1880

                        aka Eleanor Capshaw;  




Notes on the Capshaw family of Warren & Dekalb Co, Tennessee


            James Emory’s second wife Hester or Esther was probably a Capshaw by birth

(born in Rutherford County, North Carolina) but she could just be a daughter in

law of the Capshaws.  The estate or will of Josiah Capshaw should be helpful in

settling this.  She could even be an “extra” daughter fathered by a Cherokee girl

or a servant.  Or a niece.


The pioneer, Josiah Capshaw, was a Revolutionary War soldier from Delaware

who settled on the North Carolina frontier (Rutherford County).  His son Josiah

came to White or Warren County, Tennessee,  during the War of 1812.  On 16

June 1814 Josiah and wife Elizabeth Capshaw sold interest in land in Rutherford

County (NC) to John Moore (recorded 3 Nov 1815 White Co, TN).  On 25 Jan

1822 William Franks and his two brothers were tried for the assault & battery of

Josiah Capshaw in White County.  In 1836 Josiah and William Capshaw were on

the tax list for Warren County in that part that later became Dekalb County.  The

Capshaw family became numerous in Dekalb County and fielded Confederate

and Union soldiers from that county.



Because Hester (Esther) Emory is shown as a Capshaw in the 1850 census it is

possible that she was an Emory (Hembree) by birth who married a Capshaw then

when she was widowed she (and some of her children) reverted back to the

Emory surname.  This is possible because the Emory (Hembree) family was in

Rutherford County, NC when she was reaching marriage age (1830). The Esther

name runs in the Abraham Hembree family.  This possibility should be further

investigated.  I found no Capshaw in the 1830 or 1840 census that plots to Esther

and her children as well as the census for James Emery in Sevier County does.

She and her children match the James Emery family but if a Capshaw family is

discovered that provides a fit, it should be examined.  Because the CARROLL

family can be found alongside the CAPSHAW family in Rutherford Co, NC,

it is more than likely that she was a Capshaw who married James Emery in

Rutherford County soon after the death of his first wife.  This would be the

source for the Carroll David (David Carroll?) name of one of the sons.




            Notes on James Hembree (Emery)


            Who is the James Hembree that joined a church with wife Sallie (the daughter of

            Abraham Hembree) along with Owen Hembree (son of William W.) and Owen’s

            wife Delilah (Rebecca Delilah, the daughter of Abraham Hembree)?


            Who is the James Hembree b.1780-90 shown in the census of 1830 and 1840 for

            Sevier Co., TN?


            We have tentatively made them one and the same, and continued analysis of this

James has led to a sounder construction of this family.  First, the 1800 James of

Spartanburg is NOT this James but the James b.1774, son of Joel Hembree.

Second, the 1820 census Spartanburg James and the 1824 church membership

James and Sarah are likely the same, and they are this James, requiring a much

younger Sarah (not b.1780 but more like 1794).  Third,  descendants of Abraham

are more comfortable with Polly being the oldest daughter (b.1782) so this works

out to that end.  Fourth, the two Confederates killed as renegades have been

identified as John and William Emory who enrolled at Chattanooga in Hamilton

County, Tennessee. 



            The Sevier County James Hembree (Emery) definitely lived among the Cherokee

and he was regarded as Cherokee, though perhaps not a tribal member, just mixed



James and Sarah were in Spartanburg in 1824 (where they joined the Goucher

Church with Owen and Rebecca Delilah Hembree), they went to Georgia during

the Cherokee land rush (1828).  Sarah died in that year and James, with young

children, remarried quickly. 


The father of this James b.c. 1785 is still a mystery.  He cannot be a son of

Drury, as that would make him a direct first cousin of Sarah, Abraham’s

daughter, and they would not be admitted as church members if that were so.

Abraham’s grandchildren regarded him as a “Cherokee” uncle according to

some of the Miller applications.


The Cherokee known as Thomas Emory or Long Tom or Bullfrog was a

cousin of this James Emory, whose son Thomas Emory also went by the

Cherokee name of Bullfrog.


The Tennessee Confederate 4th Regiment (Murray’s Cavalry) was staffed at

Murfreesboro but drew its recruits from Chattanooga (Hamilton County) and

Sparta (White County).  They operated in central and upper Tennessee.  John

Emory and his younger brother William Emory joined the unit at Chattanooga.

John was a sergeant, William a private.  They were killed by Tennessee Union

troops on 9 February 1865 in Dekalb County.  


The Cherokee Emory family of  eastern Tennessee was connected to the Welch

and Murphy families who have pre-Revolution Cherokee roots.



The mixed-blood Murphys descend from SC Cherokee traders:  Daniel Murphy  was killed

in April 1751 along with 3 other traders.  Each trader was killed in a different location.

                Murphy was killed near Canutre (Connutra), a Cherokee village on the Tuckasegee River in NC,

                about where the town of Cullowhee (Jackson Co) is. His family moved down to Keowee (Fort

Prince George), SC.  Hugh Murphy, his brother, was shot at Coronaca near Ninety Six (SC)

around the same time.  He survived.  His family too lived in upper SC.  Ludovic Grant spoke

of Daniel in 1752.  [SC Commons Journal  8 & 13 May 1751;  SC Docs Indian Affairs 1750-

1754,  178, 219, 261, 262] 




Melungeon Cherokee in Welch / Emory line


There is no doubt that the Welch and Emory Cherokee line includes some very

dark people.  The Cherokee “Shoeboots” was a Welch who married a black

slave.  The “French Woman of Keowee” Nani – the ancestor of some of the

Welch Cherokee, was a Melungeon Cherokee who was sold into slavery in the

West Indies.  My own Emory ancestor married a former slave and was listed as

“colored” for many years.   Some of the Cherokee Welch applications include

references to slaves as ancestors.


I am inclined to think James Emory was born Cherokee in the line of the above

Nani.  His marriage to a daughter of Abraham Hembree was not an issue in the

church because of the distance of the relationship. His membership in a church

in the 1820’s is very consistent with a Christian revival that swept the Cherokee

(and the South) in the early 1800’s. 



The James Emory b.1785 Cherokee heritage would look like this:


1.  Nani (Melungeon Cherokee, tribal mbr of Keowee) + William Elder (white)

     2.   Nancy Elder (mixed) (d.1765)  +  John Emory  (mixed) (1744-1808)

                3.   Elizabeth Jane Emory (mixed) + John Welch (mixed, tribal mbr)

                        4.  James Welch aka James Emory (1785-1845) (trbl mbr at

                                Valley River lands in North Carolina)


John Emory was the son of John Amory (white) Indian trader and Mary Moore,

Cherokee of Keowee (half sister of Warhatchy or Wauhatchie).


John Welch was the son of James Welch (white) and a Cherokee woman. (See

“Old John Hembree aka John Emory” and “John Amory and the Emory

Cherokees” for more information.)  This Welch line is the line of Lloyd Welch,

Chief of the Eastern Tribe.     



His first wife’s Cherokee heritage (and his relation to Thomas Emory) would

look like this:


1.  John Amory (white)  +  Sarah Wilson (white)

      2.  William Emory (white) + Mary Grant (Cherokee, tribal mbr)

                3.   Will Emory 1744-1788, tribal member

   (aka Long Will, Long Fellow, Capt Will, Will of Nuquasse, Wauhatchie)

                        4.    Thomas Emory  b.c.1780-86, tribal member

                              (aka Long Tom, Bullfrog, Wauhatchie)


                 3.   Abraham Emory (mixed)  + Winnefred Jackson (white)

                        4.   Sarah Emory (mixed) (1794-1828)



1.  John Amory (white)  +  Mary Moore (Cherokee)

       2. John Emory aka Old John Hembree (1744-1808) + Nancy (Cherokee)

            3.  Elizabeth Jane Emory (mixed) + John Welch (mixed) (1753-1809)  

                        4.  James Welch aka James Emory (1785-1845)


(The Emory-Grant line is the line of several Cherokee families.)  The above

shows that James Emory and Sarah Emory did not have a grandparent in

common, and had only one great-grandparent in common, making them okay

for church membership under North Carolina & Virginia Baptist conventions.


Yet another possibility is that James Emery is a son of John Emory and the

            Cherokee woman Susannah (see Michael Hembree b.1785).  This works as



                                                                                         ixp 80

Family Sheet:  Drury Hembree (1755-1845)   

                          Drury Hembree b. 12 Dec 1755 SC   d. 1845 MO 

                                His wife  M.       b.c.1766 PA  d.aft 1850 Taney Co, MO    

                Drury Hembree or Emory was the son of William EMORY and Mary GRANT (Cherokee).



            1)   Andrew James? Hembree         b.c. 1783 SC          d.bef. 1850 Arkansas  

                          [1790 census w/father]



2)   Rachel Hembree                 b.c. 1785 SC   d.bef 1860 IN    

                        m(1) -------       m(2) James Harbison (1763-1841) a veteran of

       Revolution and 1812 War (they m.1826 Knox Co, TN)

          [1830 Johnson Co IN, 1840,1850 DuBois Co, IN]



            3)   Matilda Hembree               b.c. 1787 SC   d. bef. 1850 MO?

                        (m. ? John Lee or Lea 1837 Randolph Co, Arkansas?)  



            4)   dau                        b.c. 1789 SC

                        m.  ----  McHill? McElwain? widow in 1838 Stoddard Co, MO

            (Emery McHill purchased land next to Solomon Jackson and Samuel Sifford,

            his uncles, 1838 Stoddard Co, MO. “McElwain” in 1830 Johnson Co, IN)            



            5)   Benjamin Hembree             b.c. 1793 SC      d.c. 1840 Arkansas  

m.    unknown,  Cherokee  (possibly a sister of William Weir)

            [1830 Campbell Co TN]



            6)   Rebecca  Hembree     b.c. 1795 SC  d.c. 1830 MO 

                        m. Solomon Jackson 3 April 1815 Knox Co, TN.  He was the son of

                        John Hembree (1744 –1808) and Rebecca Sullivan and the adopted

                        son of Rebecca’s husband Ephraim Jackson.  See  Susannah, below.




            7)   John Hembree  b. 1797/9 SC or TN  d. 5 Feb 1864 Stone Co, MO

                 m(1) ------      m(2)  Mrs. Maggie Butler  (b1805 OH)

 [1830 Johnson Co IN, 1840 &1850 Taney Co,  MO, 1860 Stone Co, MO]





8)  Isaac  Hembree       b. 3 May 1797/9 SC  or TN 

                m. Mrs Sarah (Sallie) (Pierce) Ledgerwood, widow of Samuel Ledgerwood

                        she b.c. 1790 TN  d. 6 Sep 1856 Martin Co, IN

             [1830 Johnson Co IN, 1840 Dubois Co, IN, 1850 Martin Co, IN]



            9)   Lewis Francis Hembree      b. 23 Mar1805 TN;  d. 6 Feb 1882 Stone Co, MO

                         m. Phoebe Elizabeth Warwick (b. 1810 KY or TN) m 28 Sep 1826

     Knox  Co, TN

[1840&1850 Taney  Co,  MO, 1860, 1870, 1880 Stone Co, MO]

                        See Jane Hembree’s website for list of children:



            10)  Susannah Minerva Hembree          b. 1808 TN      d. 6 April 1844 Navarro

Co, Texas

                        m(1)  (Samuel?)  SIFFORD

                        m(2)  Solomon JACKSON (1788-1852), widower of her older sister. They

                        married 2 March 1831 in Cape Girardeau Co, Missouri


                        Her daughter (or niece), Sarah Hembry, m. George Sifford in 1843. 

Both Sarah and George died before 1850 and their children are in

the 1850 household of Solomon Jackson, widower, Bexar County, Texas. 



            Notes for Solomon Jackson:


            See “Old John Hembree aka John Emory” for more information. 


            On 1 August 1838 Solomon Jackson entered a claim (cash purchase) for 40 acres

            in Stoddard County, Missouri.  (Stoddard was formed in 1835 from Cape Girardeau

            County.)  On the same day his nephew Emery McHill and his brother in law Samuel

            Sifford entered land practically next to each other and not too far from Solomon. (On

            the same day  Andrew J. Harty/Hardy, Robert Miller and Isaac Taylor also entered

            land patents but no connection is known.)


            On 10 August 1841 Solomon Jackson entered another stake of 40 acres next to Lewis

            Sifford, the father of Samuel Sifford.  Esther Taylor made an entry on that date also,

            though no connection is assumed.





          Notes for Drury Hembree:


            Drewry Embry vs. Ambrose Yarborough :  “The Plaintiff being called came not to

            Prosecute his Suit.  Ordered that he be Nonsuited.”


            Ambrose Yarborough against Drewry Embry :  “Ordered to be Dismissed at the

            Plaintiffs Costs.”


Union County Court session of 26 September 1787        


                [Brent H. Holcomb,  Union County, South Carolina Minutes of the County Court

                1785-1789,   (Easley, SC.: Southern Historical Press , 1979): p.125]  



            Several web sites have Drury’s pension application (and Abraham’s affidavit

            on his behalf).  (Most are copied from Martin & Standifer’s John Hembree

            tree at  



            A first wife for Drury?


            Drury’s wife known as “M” was born in Pennsylvania (1850 census).  The

            application for widow’s benefits, dated 30 November 1850, is unclear:


Dr Sirs

The widow of one Drewry Hembree a Revolutionary soldier is

desirous of drawing her husband’s pension. She says his papers

were made out and she thinks the pension allowed some 10 to 14

years ago – her husband resided in Tennessee at the time and the

papers prepared by one Richardson.  Mr. Hembree left before the

money was drawn has since died and his widow is now in Mo. and

wishes to draw what now is due.  If you will cause such information

to be forwarded to me at Springfield Green County Missouri – as

may enable an old lady to obtain what the acts of Congress entitle

her to as one of the widows of a revolutionary soldier.

Thusly will confer a favor to an old lady – who is poor and in want

of the means for her subsistance circumstance.

I am not prepared now to say who the Captn or other officers under

whom Mr. Drewry Hembree served

yours etc

John S. Taddill             


            It sounds like she was not living with Drury 10 to 14 years prior.  Her place

            of birth (Pennsylvania) is more consistent with a marriage in Indiana 1840 than

in Spartanburg 1781. But she could be associated with the Buffington, Baldwin

and Harlan families (formerly Quakers) who came to central South Carolina by

1765 and married into the Emory family.  





Thomas Elder and the Elders of Spartanburg


Drury Hembree was living in Spartanburg in 1777 and volunteered in the

local militia under Captain Joseph Wofford and Lieutenant Thomas Elder.

The Spartanburg militia was at first “neutral” in the Revolution, preferring to

defend themselves and owing no allegiance to a distant government.  They

built their own forts and organized their own troops.  George Elder and his

7 or 8 sons figured prominently in the militia.  Thomas Elder was one of his

sons, as was a John Elder.  The lieutenant, however, was not the son of

George Elder.


There was an older Thomas Elder and an older John Elder of Charleston who

also settled in the 96 District, adding to the confusion.  The older Thomas

Elder was the militia lieutenant and is called Dr. Thomas Elder.  He was a

prosperous businessman of Charleston, selling slaves in 1772 and 1779 in the

public records.  He also lent the rebel government 2000 pounds to finance the

Revolution and was repaid in 1779 or 1780.  The archive record shows he was

paid as a lieutenant in Roebuck’s militia (Spartanburg).


The younger Thomas Elder was paid at the same time for service in the same

militia but he was killed  8 September 1781 and his next-of-kin William Elder

signed Thomas Elder’s pay over to Hugh Means (of 96 District). 


Old John Hembree and John Elder were involved in a civil (debt) suit against

William Weir in Spartanburg in 1788.  This appears to be a son of George

Elder, although much older than some genealogies have him because he bought

land in 1765.


On 16 Jan 1765 John Elder purchased 125 acres on Dutchman’s Creek of

the Tyger River from Robert Crowden, who received a royal grant of 600

acres there on 3 Sep 1753.   In 1775 John Elder received a 450 acre grant

on the Broad River.  He also had a small piece of land on the Enoree River,

which he sold on 18 Dec 1778 to William Hendrix.  He was described as

“John Elder of Dutchman’s Creek, farmer”.  The transaction was witnessed

by James and Sarah Elder and testified to William Gist, the Tory who lived on

the Broad and Enoree Rivers (SC).


On 4 May 1795 John Elder sold his 125 acres on Dutchman’s Creek to his

brother-in-law, Samuel Morrow Jr.  He headed off to Kentucky.  The Morrows

continued to live on Dutchman’s Creek alongside Abraham Hembree

(brother of Drury Hembree) and later William W. Hembree and Owen Hembree.


On 4 Aug 1796 Gideon Herralson and wife Elizabeth sold 50 acres on

Dutchman’s Creek bordering Samuel Morrow, Abraham Hembree, and others.

The land was part of a 1786 grant to William Weir.


On 3 Dec 1807 Owen Hembree (son of William Hembree) sold to his brother

William Hembree a 40 acre parcel on Dutchman’s Creek.  John Morrow and

William Morrow witnessed the deed, which was proved before Samuel Morrow.



Other Spartanburg Relationships


The 1790 census for Spartanburg shows Drury Hembree in the midst of the

Elder and Morrow families (I took the liberty of using standard spellings):




Roebuck, Capt. George            1-3-3-0-0        p.86  

Wofford, Bejanim                     3-2-5-0-9        p.86 (built fort) 

Wofford, Joseph                       2-2-5-0-5        p.86 (Drury’s “Capt. Warford”) 


Moore, William                        2-4-3-0-0

Graham, David             1-4-6-0-0        “Grayhams”

Morrow, Capt. Samuel 1-2-3-0-0        father-in-law of John Elder 

Hembree, Drury                     1-0-3-0-0        (Hemery)

Morrow, David                        1-0-1-0-0        “Murrow”

Elder, Robert                            1-0-1-0-1        bother of John Elder

Elder, John                               1-3-3-0-0        d.1799 KY

Elder, Haman                           1-1-1-0-0        son of  Samuel

Elder, Samuel                           1-1-3-0-0        d.1797 brother of John Elder

Means, Benjamin                      2-2-3-0-0        son of Hugh Means

Morrow, Samuel                      1-0-0-0-3        (Murrow)

Hembree, Abraham               1-0-6-0-0        (Hambray)

Sullivan, Rebecca                     0-1-1-0-0        (she has John Hembree’s child)

Hembree, Joel                        2-1-6-0-3        (Emry)

Price, Sarah                              0-0-2-0-0        sister of Joseph Price (1766-1834) 

Elder, Alexander                       2-0-1-0-0

Elder, William                           2-4-5-0-0        d.1808 KY brother of John Elder


I’ve omitted quite a few families to emphasize how Drury is embedded among

the Elders and Morrows.   The Morrows and Elders intermarried.  Running down

these names over and over leads one to the conclusion:  there is no relationship

between the Spartanburg Elder family and William Elder, Indian trader and

associate of Drury’s grandfather John Amory. 


Stripping the above list down to a few pertinent names, however, reveals some





Moore, William                        2-4-3-0-0        << Drury’s cousin

Graham, David             1-4-6-0-0        << Drury’s cousin

Hembree, Drury                     1-0-3-0-0       

Hembree, Abraham               1-0-6-0-0       

Sullivan, Rebecca                     0-1-1-0-0        Solomon Jackson

Hembree, Joel                        2-1-6-0-3       

Price, Sarah                              0-0-2-0-0        sister of Joseph Price (1766-1834) 



William Moore is a mixed-blood relative of the Emory family.  David Graham

is the same as “Daniel” Graham who witnessed the will of Robert Emory, the

uncle of Drury.  Drury’s aunt Sarah married Mungo Graham, who had a brother

David Graham.  Drury’s “uncle” Aaron Loocock had lands by royal grant in the

Spartanburg District (he was a Tory and fled to New York).  Rebecca Sullivan’s

child is Solomon Jackson, who married Drury’s daughter and went to Arkansas

and Missouri in the 1830’s.   Joseph Price, a grandson of the above Joseph Price,

purchased land in Taney County, Missouri on the same day that Drury’s son John

Hembree purchased land in Taney County: 10 December 1850.


Although this sounds like “spaghetti genealogy” it illustrates how frontier people

tended to live close to their own, and when they moved, they did so in familiar


























                                                                                       ixp 86

Family Sheet:  Benjamin Hembree  (1793/5)  


b.c. 1793/5  Spartanburg, SC   d. c. 1840 Arkansas;   son of Drury Hembree

                                m. unknown Cherokee woman  (possibly a sister of half breed William Weir)

                    Note that another Benjamin Hembree b.1793 was a son of Joel Hembree b.1755.



1)   unk daughter          b.c. 1820-1825  Knox or Campbell Co, TN    d.  unk



2)   unk daughter  b.c. 1820-1825  Knox or Campbell Co, TN    d.  unk



3)   Andrew Emory   b.c. 1825  Campbell Co, TN    d.c. 1855 Arkansas

m.  Celia Woodall (b.c.1834 Georgia or Arkansas), dau. of Thomas

Woodall.  She m(2)  Joseph Cephas.  

Catherine Emory  b.c. 1850-52 Arkansas, daughter of Andrew Emory,

married distant cousin James Madison Carselowry (b.1848), who was a

nephew of her mother and a descendant of William Emory d.1770. (He

was a son of George Carselowry (white) and Mary McDaniel (Cherokee),

the grandson of James McDaniel and Mary Buffington.  His mother

married (2) Isaac Woodall.)      



4)   Peter Emory   b.c. 1827  Campbell Co, TN    d.  Oklahoma

(Perhaps same as Andrew, i.e., Andrew Peter, and this would be

another unknown son in this slot.)


5)   unk son   b.c. 1829  Campbell Co, TN    d.  unk




Notes for Benjamin Hembree


He appears in the 1830 census for Campbell County, Tennessee, not far from

his father Drury, a Jos. Pettit b.1770-1780. (Another Benjamin Hembree

b.1793, son of Joel Hembree, appears in the 1830 census for Rhea Co, TN and

is found later in Jackson Co, AL.)


He went to Arkansas with his brother-in-law Solomon Jackson (and probably

his older brother Andrew Emory) c.1835 and settled on the (White??) River. 


Benjamin Emory and his son (or brother) Andrew Emory were known as

medicine men, doctors, herbal health practitioners – whatever you choose to

call them.  Benjamin may also have been a preacher. 



This art or science of  herbal and spiritual medicine was practiced in our

Cherokee ancestry for quite a few generations.  The “Smallpox Conjurer”

of Keowee (aka Charity Haig) was a woman of great tribal rank in 1720

and negotiated the alliance with Colonel James Moore.  (These negotiations

led to the birth of Mary Moore, mother of John Emory, and James Moore,

the father of both William Moore of Ninety Six District and the Tory

halfbreed James Moore.)


Benjamin’s wife, while unknown, was most likely Cherokee, as the family associated themselves with the tribe in Tennessee and Arkansas in a way

that indicates tribal connections.


The connection to the Weir family appears to predate the Revolution and is

seen in Spartanburg land records and perhaps in Tennessee.  (The family was

also known as Ware, Wire.)  While possible, more research is required.














                                                                                      ixp 88

Family Sheet:  John Hembree  (1797 - 1864)  


b.c. 1797/9 Knox County, TN  d. 5 Feb 1864/7  Stone Co, MO; son of Drury Hembree

                                m(1) ? ;  m(2) Mrs. Maggie Butler  Dubois Co, IN;  she b.c. 1805 OH




1)   Simeon Hembree   b. 1818 or 1828  TN    d.aft 1850  California


“Sim Hembrie”  p.317a  1840 Dubois Co, IN age 20-30 wife 15-20               

            “Simon Emery” age 22 or 32 b. IN  1850 census El Dorado Co, CA p.481     


2)   Richard Hembree    b.c. 1820-26   TN


            Richard Hembree, Private, Co. B, Stone Co Regmt, Missouri Home Guard




3)   Susannah  Hembree     b.c. 1824-1832  TN or IN



4)   William Hembree    b. 9 March 1836 IN or MO  d.  12 March 1910 Stone

County,  Missouri.


                 William Hembree, Pvt., Co. B., Stone Co Regmt, Missouri Home Guard

            (Union);  and as Corporal in Capt Kindle’s Co, Stone Co. Home Guard

     (cf. William Hembree Co. I, 1st Ark Cavalry, Private, Union.)



5)   Rachel Ellen Hembree      b. 20 July1837  Dubois County, Indiana



6)   Lewis Hembree      b. 1839   MO  



                 Lewis Hembree, Pvt., Co. E., Stone Co Regmt, Missouri Home Guard

            (Union);  and as Corporal in Capt Kindle’s Co, Stone Co. Home Guard

     (cf. Lewis Hembree Co. M 1st Ark Cavalry, Private, Union.)


7)   Benjamin Franklin Hembree     b. 1 May 1842  Taney County, Missouri; d.

            14 July 1932  Laclede County, Missouri 


                 Benjamin Hembree, Pvt., Co. B., Stone Co Regmt, Missouri Home Guard

            (Union);  and as Corporal in Capt Kindle’s Co, Stone Co. Home Guard



Land Patents in Indiana (Drury Hembree descendants)


Hembree, Lewis     9/1/1838       Martin & Dubois Co     40 a.

                                    Section 29 Township 1-N  Range 4-W


Hembree, John       6/1/1839        Dubois Co                    40 a.

                                    Section 5 Township 1-S  Range 4-W


Hembree, Isaac      10/1/1840        Dubois Co                    40 a.

                                    Section 17 Township 1-S  Range 4-W


Hembree, John       5/25/1841        Dubois Co                    40 a.

                                    Section 17 Township 1-S  Range 4-W


Hernbee, John         10/1/1852        Martin Co                    40 a.

                                    Section 9 Township 1-N  Range 4-W


Hembree, Drury       8/30/1858        Martin Co                    40 a.

                                    Section 8 Township 1-N  Range 4-W











                                                                                      ixp 90

Family Sheet:  Isaac Hembree  (1797-1860)  


b. 3 May 1797/9 TN   d. 1 Jun 1860 Martin Co, IN   son of Drury Hembree

                                m. Mrs. Sarah Pearce Ledgerwood 1818 Knox Co, TN;  she b.c. 1790 TN, d.

                                     6 Sep 1856 Martin Co, IN.  She was the daughter of James & Margaret Pearce.    



            1)   John Hembree     b. 1819 Knox Co, TN  d. 23 Dec 1898 Martin Co, IN

                        m(1)  Martha Mathis (1823-1881) (dau. of Reuben Mathis & Mary


                        m(2)  Hannah (widow of Harbison) 

            [See post 732 Deana Hembree, Hembree Forum]

                  John Hembree Co. E,  58th Indiana Infantry, Private (Union)



            2)   Nancy Hembree   b.  1820 Knox Co, TN

                        m(1)  Michael Lemon    m(2) Jefferson Waggoner



            3)   Jonathan K. Hembree   b. 1821 Knox Co, TN   d.aft 1880 Martin Co, IN

                        m(1)  Dorcas Reed     m(2) Elizabeth Potts


                  Jonathan Hembree Co. H 129th Indiana Infantry Private (Union); also in

                        80th Indiana Inf. Volunteers, Pvt, and as Jonathan K. Hembree in the

                        7th Veteran Reserves Corps, Indiana



            4)   Drewry Hembree   b. 10 June 1824 TN  d. 27 Apr 1907 Martin Co, IN

                        m. Ellenor Truelove (b. 1833 IN)

                   Drury Hembree  Co. A 22nd Indiana Infantry, Private (Union)        



            5)   Richard Hembree   b. 26 June 1826 TN  d. 8 Sep 1905 Martin Co, IN

                        m(1)  Margaret Ann Sanders

                        m(2)  Martha Risley

            Richard Hembree, Private, Co. E,  58th Indiana Infantry (Union)



            6)   Calhoun Hembree   b. 1830 Dubois Co., IN   d.

                        m. Sophie Inman 30 June 1850 Martin Co, IN

                        (Supposedly had first marriage to Ilsora ----.)


            7)   James M. Hembree   b. 1833 Dubois Co., IN   d. aft 1870 Martin Co, IN

                        m. Catherine  (b.1828 IN)




                                                                                                   ixp 92

Family Sheet:   Abraham Hembree  (1757)  


Abraham Hembree b. 16 May 1757 South Carolina, d. c. 1837 Hamilton

County, Tennessee.  Wife was Winnefred (Winny) Jackson (1760 – c.1808).  

He was the son of William Emory (d.1770) and Mary Grant (d.c.1766).


1)     Mary (Polly) Margaret Hembree  b.1782 SC  d.unm. c.1852

Hamilton Co, TN


            2)     Esther Hembree   b.1784 SC d.aft 1830 in SC

                        m. Irah Hembree  (1783-1810)


            3)     Rebecca (Becky) Hembree  b. 1786 SC  d.aft 1840 GA

                      m. Owen Hembree (b.1777 d.1837)


            4)     Matilda  Hembree  b.1788 SC  d. aft. 1830 NC?

                       m.  ------  Hembree    (?Joseph Hembree b.1779? --not proven)


            5)     Elizabeth (Betsy)   Hembree  b.1789 or 1792 SC    d.aft 1850 in

Rutherford or    Buncombe Co, NC


            6)     James Lee Hembree  b.1790 SC  d.c.1871 Union Co IL

                        m. Nancy Jane Rice   (b.1790 d.1868)


7)     Sarah (Sallie) Hembree  b.1794/5 SC       d.c. 1828  Cobb Co GA

            m.   James Hembree  (b.c. 1785  d.c. 1845 Sevier Co, TN)


            8)     Ephraim Hembree  b.1796 SC d. bef 1850 MO   m. Rachel Pettit (b.1796)



9)     Minerva Jane (Jinnie) Hembree  b.1798 SC  d.aft 1860 TX 

m(1)  ----         m(2)  Jack Hall         m(3)  ----- Johnson


            10)    Nancy (Winnifred?) Hembree  b.1800 SC  d.aft. 1860 NC

                        m(1)  ------ White   m(2)  John Floyd 1831 NC


11)       Joel (Joseph) M. Hembree  b.1802 SC  d.bef 1860 Jefferson Co,TN

 m.c. 1823 Sarah  ---- (b.1808 SC)


12)   Reuben Hembree  b.1804 SC d. 15 Sep 1896 GA  m. Sarah Laird



13)   Isaac Hembree   b.1806 SC    d.c.1848  Greene Co, TN

                        m. Elizabeth White

                                                                                        ixp 93

Notes on Abraham Hembree’s Children



            1)    Polly (= Mary Margaret) Hembree  b.1782 SC  d.unm.  c. 1852 TN


                        In his 1825 pension application Abraham mentions his daughter Polly,

                        who was  “about 43 or 44 years of age” and “who is unhealthy”.  When

                        her mother died before 1810, Polly took on the burden of running the

                        household, sacrificing her “courtship” years. It’s possible she had a

couple of children (see 1830 Census) but it’s more likely that these

were nieces and a nephew.  She went with her father into Tennessee,

where she probably died before 1860 in Hamilton County.  In the

                        Goucher Baptist Church minutes she was one of the few family

                        members that escaped censure.   She shows up in the 1850 Census

                        of Hamilton County, TN as  “Margaret  age 78 b.SC”. 


                        In the first edition, her name was reported as Martha but the basis for

                        that name might better fit “Martha Esther”, the next daughter rather

                        than the daughter known as Polly and Margaret.  



            2)     Esther Hembree   b.1784 SC  d.aft 1830 SC

m. Irah Hembree (b.1783 d.1810).


                        The Esther Hembree shown in the 1810, 1820 and 1830 Census for

Spartanburg is claimed by three different branches of the family. The

census Esther is the widow of Irah Hembree, a brother of Owen

Hembree (see Rebecca) and fellow member of the  Friendship Baptist


Esther stayed in Spartanburg after Abraham moved up to North Carolina.

                        She died there sometime after 1830.     (See family sheet.)




            3)     Rebecca Delilah (Becky) Hembree  b. 1786 SC  d.aft 1840 GA

                     m. Owen Hembree (b.1777 d.1837)


                        Becky married Owen Hembree (b. 1777 d. 1837) and had a large family,

                        moving to Georgia in the 1830’s.  Owen was the son of  William

Hembree (b. 1754VA d. 1821 SC) and Orindah.  Owen and Abraham

lived close to each other in Spartanburg District but their relationship is not clear.  They may be related through the Jackson family of Virginia

rather than the Hembree family. 



The published data on Owen is vague – especially regarding his age.  I

think he was born in 1777, but the census data (and Bob Hembree)

support 1765 as a better date.  His first child (Laura Susan) was born 1801.

Rebecca, his wife, is listed with her father in 1800, and with Owen in

1810.   They had their last presumed child in 1825/30 which is about

right for Rebecca’s last (45) and Owen’s last (53).  (They probably

had their last in  1825.)


Owen’s wife is shown as Rebecca or Delilah.  They joined the Goucher

Baptist Church (where Abraham and children attended) as Owen and

Delilah in 1824 but both families know her as Rebecca or Becky.

Owen died in 1837 in Carroll County, GA and Becky died before 1850,

we believe, in the same location.            (See family sheet.)





            4)     Matilda Hembree  b.1788 SC  d. aft. 1830   m.  --- Hembree??


                        I think Matilda married Joseph Hembree (b.1779) but they separated by

1812 and he remarried.  (See separate family sheet.) Matilda and 3 or so

children are listed in Abraham’s household in the  1820 census.   Matilda and her children went up to North Carolina and she is shown as a head of household in the 1830 Census.  She had at least two children out of wedlock.  Her oldest child appears to be James M. Hembree (b.1809) (see separate family sheet).   Did she die or remarry after 1830?  


Matilda made things interesting for the Goucher Baptist Church,

scandalizing the whole family and vexing her father Abraham (who got

into a fist fight at his 64th  birthday party defending Matilda’s honor).  In

March 1826 the church called her to answer for charges of fornication.

She refused to respond and was excommunicated.  Her son James M.

Hembree was granted a more honorable exit from the church a month later

(they were moving up to North Carolina anyway).


Children of Matilda Hembree and Joseph?  Hembree :


                        James M. Hembree  b.1809 NC    d. 30 Apr 1882 GA m(1) Nancy Floyd

                                    m(2) Sarah Jane Buchanan  m(3)  Martha Payne (or Pain)                    

                                    (See family sheet.)


                        Abraham (=J. Abraham?) Hembree  b. 1811 NC  d.c. 1860 GA  

     m. Levina Floyd (b.1813)  -- dau of John Floyd (see Nancy b.1794,

          Abraham’s dau) 


daughter  b.c. 1813 NC   (1820 census Abraham Hembree household)


Children of Matilda Hembree and unknown:


                        Jane   b.c. 1818 NC   (1830 census see 1860 Murray Co, GA,  sister of

 James M. Hembree)


                        daughter  b.c. 1822 NC   (1830 census)


                        daughter  b.c. 1826 NC   (1830 census)  (grand-daughter?)



            5)     Elizabeth (Betsy) Hembree  b.1792 or 1789  SC  d.aft 1850 NC


                        Elizabeth (Betsy) is listed in her father’s household in 1800 and 1810

                        but she married c. 1814 and moved up to North Carolina.  She married

                        a Hembree (Emery) and had a son James Emery b. 1815 NC.  She is

                        also the mother of Davis Hembree/Emery b.1817/8 NC and the mother

                        of Allen Hembree (b. 1825 NC).  She is a widow in the 1840 and 1850

                        census for Rutherford County, NC.  She died there or went with her

                        sons to Buncombe County, where some of them were born. 


                        She may have married a John Emery (b.1792 SC) (1860 Polk Co, NC)

                        or have married someone else and she (and her children) reverted back

                        to the Hembree name.


                        Children of Elizabeth (Betsy) Hembree and unknown:                   


                        James Hembree   b. 1815 NC  

                              m. 22 Jul 1852 Delilah Hembree in Rutherford Co, NC



                        Davis Hembree   b. 1817/8 NC d. 1877 MO m. Adaline Miller (b.1814)

                         (See family sheet.)



                        daughter  b.c. 1819   [1840 census]



                        Allen Hembree   b. 1825 NC   d.unm NC  (deaf & dumb)








            6)     James Lee Hembree  b.1790 SC  d.c. 1871 Union Co IL 

m. Nancy Jane Rice  (b.1790 SC d.1868 TN)


                        Since James is not shown in the 1790 Census, the birth year of 1789

                        shown for him is off by a year. James is as challenging as his father

                        to figure out.  He struck out on his own before the 1810 Census and may

                        have gone up to NC.  He also has been reported in TN, GA, SC, MO, IL.


                        He is listed in 1830 Campbell County, TN (living near Uncle Drewry),

                        then 1840 Meigs Co, TN and 1850 Meigs Co as well. Then in 1860 in

Hamilton Co, TN.[?see p.69]  At age 80 he is listed in the 1870 census for

            Union County, Illinois, but his descendants say he is buried in Georgia.

                        (The Nancy Cox, age 78 b.SC in the household of Humphrey, their son,

in the 1870 census for Murray Co, GA, is Humphrey’s mother-in-law.)



                        The Union Co, IL listing is interesting. That’s where Ephraim headed

in the 1830’s.  There’s a Joel Joseph listed in that county in 1850 - 1870

                        -- see family sheet --  but this  Joel Joseph is not ours.  The Hamilton Co,

                        Tennessee, Emerys in 1870 Union County move to Missouri by 1880.


                        Note also another James L. Hembree who shows up close to our line:

James Lindley Hembree, b.1808 Pendleton District, South Carolina;

Resided in Cobb, Milton and Fulton Counties in Georgia.  He is the son

of Amariah Hembree, and a grandson of Reverend James Hembree.

                        (See family sheet.)




            7)     Sarah (Sallie) Hembree  b.1794-8 SC    d.c. 1828 Cobb Co GA 

m.  James Hembree (b.c. 1785  d.c. 1845 Sevier Co, TN)


                        She was part of Abraham’s household in 1800, 1810 and listed with

husband James Hembree (26-44) in Spartanburg in 1820.  She is 16-25

in the census, with a son.  James Hembree was born c. 1785 and died

around 1845 in Sevier County, Tennessee. 

James and Sarah joined the Goucher Baptist Church in  1824  along with

Owen (son of William W.) and Delilah (Rebecca) (daughter of Abraham).

This is the uncle James Hembree mentioned in the Reuben Emery

Cherokee applications by his descendants as being half-Cherokee.  My

family history (through Old John 1744-1808) acknowledges this James

as a “known cousin” but the relationship has not yet been established.  

                        (See separate family sheet.)





            8)   Ephraim Hembree  b.1796 SC d. bef 1850 MO  

                     m. Rachel Pettit (b. 1796)


                        Ephraim’s descendants have done a good job tracing his movements.

                        In 1820 he is listed in the Spartanburg County Census but by 1833

                        he shows up in the southern part of Illinois (Union County).  Around

                        1840 he is Ripley County, MO (near the Arkansas border).  Then over

                        to Taney County, MO before 1850.  His widow and children show up

                        in Schulyer County and McLean County, Illinois and in Barry County,

                        Missouri.  The Pettits and Hembrees attended the Goucher Baptist Church

                        together.   Rachel is the daughter of Joshua Pettit 3rd   (d.1827).  


                        Ephraim received from his father-in-law 100 acres above the Pacolet River

                        (will proved 20 Aug 1827) but on 4 Dec 1827 he sold the land to Edward

                        Patterson for $100.  The will (giving the land to Rachel) and the land deed

                        (dower released by Rachel) prove that Ephraim’s wife was Rachel Pettit.

The land was part of a 620 acre grant originally laid out in 1788 for Joshua

Pettit and Old John Hembree.



                        Ephraim Hembree was a witness to a deed involving the family of

                        William W. Hembree and Joel b.1755 Hembree. Joel b.1755 Hembree

was Joshua Pettit’s brother-in-law and he acted for       Wiiliam W.

Hembree’s estate in another land deal on 13 Feb 1826 (selling to

Ephraim Story the land he was then living on). Ephraim Hembree was a

witness to this deed as were Isaiah and Polly Hembree – son and daughter-in-law of William W. Hembree.  (Three different Hembree lines on one




9)   Minerva Jane  (Jinnie) Hembree  b.1798 SC  d. aft 1860 TX

         m(1)  ----      m(2) Jack  Hall    m(3)  --------- Johnson


                        In Abraham’s 1825 pension application he mentions his daughter Jinnie

                        (age 26) and her sons Hampton (age 6) and Isaac (age 3).  Both were

                        surnamed Hembree, so her marriage to Jack Hall came after their birth.

                        Jane was married briefly but in 1821 returned home, transferring from

                        the Lindsey Baptist Church to the Goucher congregation (in what is now

                        Cherokee County, SC).  Shortly after she had her son Isaac and was

                        rebuked by the church.


                        Her nieces and nephews only recall her marriage to Jack Hall.  In the

                        1860 Census she is a widow, listed with her son Hampton Hembree in

                        Hamilton Co, TN, as “Minerva Johnson”.  During the Civil War she

                        moved down to Texas.



            10)     Nancy (Winnifred?) Hembree  b.1800 SC  d. aft 1860 NC


                        She m(1)  ------ White,  m(2)  widower John Floyd in Rutherford Co, NC

                        on 19 Jan 1831.  (Notice the Floyd intermarriages and the proximity of

                        John Floyd to the Hembrees in Spartanburg as well.)  Her father Abraham

was bondsman for the marriage.

                        There are also Whites living close to the Hembrees in Hamilton Co, TN,

                        but the connection is not known.

                        She is perhaps the Nancy Floyd age 50 in the 1860 census for Rutherford

                        County, North Carolina.



            11)    Joel (Joseph) M. Hembree  b.1802 SC  d.bef 1860 Jefferson Co,TN  

 m.  Sarah  -------  (b.1808 SC)


            This is the same son sometimes shown as Joseph M. Hembree.

He is confused with Joel Joseph Emery (b. 1802NC) of Union Co, IL.

                        (See family sheets for both.)


            The Joel Hembree of Cocke Co, TN 1840  is ours. He is then found in

            the 1850 Census for Jefferson Co, TN.   We think he died before 1860

in that county but he may have left Tennessee.


            See “A Compendium of Joel Hembrees” in Part Two.



12)   Reuben Emery  b.1804 SC d. 15 Sep 1896 GA  m. Sarah Laird


                        There are three Reuben Hembrees on Cherokee lands in Georgia.  The

                        older one is Reuben Embry (b.c. 1780 VA d.1835 Oglethorpe Co. GA).

                        He was the son of Thomas Embry and Anne Jackson.  Our Reuben

                        arrived in Georgia in the late 1820’s (he did not go up to NC).  A third

                        Reuben (probably ours) drew lands in the 1832 Cherokee lottery in Hall

                        (not Union) County, GA near Abel Owen Embry (b.1806).  Abel Owen is

the son of  Merrell Embry and his wife Divine Howard, daughter of Abel

Howard.  [“The Merrell Embry Family Bible”, Carroll County

Genealogical Quarterly, Summer 1993, p.48]


                        Reuben’s daughter said he was ¼ Cherokee but his mother “Nancy” was

                        ½ Cherokee;  and he had an uncle James Emery who was ½ Cherokee.

                        The uncle, at least, we figure was James Hembree, husband of Sallie

                        (Abraham’s daughter).



                        Sarah Laird was the daughter of Curtis & Betsie Laird) (spelled Lard in

SC, GA).  Curtis was the son of James Laird.    James Lard, Curtis Lard

and James Lard Jr. won lots in the 1827 Cherokee land lottery in Hall

County.  In the 1832 Cherokee land lottery, Reuben “Hembree” won a

lot in Hall County.  In the 1832 Cherokee Gold land lottery,  James L.

Hembree won land in Hall County.  I believe this was James Lindley

Hembree, son of Amariah Hembree, who was in Hall County by 1822.



Reuben was in Hall County in 1830 but in the 1840’s he was in Murray

County (the county boundaries and names shifted—his lottery land may

have wound up in Murray County.)   On July 21, 1848, the Holly Creek

Baptist Church was formed in Murray County with a congregation of five

adult male members and ten adult female members, including:  Reuben

Emery, William Jackson, Sarrah Emery, Elizabeth Emery, Nancy Black,

and Lucy Jackson.   [Murray County Heritage, by the Murray County History

Committee, (Roswell, GA.: WH Wolfe Associates, 1987): pp.249-250]   William

Jackson (1798-1872) was ordained a deacon by the members.


                        In a special census of 1834 of Cherokee territory in GA, Reuben shows

                        up in Lumpkin County with five family members.  Nearby is William

                        Jackson with two family members.  The county lines were deliberately

                        changed several times in the 1830’s to prevent the Cherokees from filing

                        land titles and lawsuits (there was a gold rush into Georgia Cherokee

lands).  Reuben’s apparent moves from Hall, Union, Murray, Lumpkin

and Gilmer County may have been on paper only – he may have been in

the same place the whole time.              (See family sheet.)



13)     Isaac Hembree   b.1806 SC d.1848 Greene Co, TN m. Elizabeth White


                        Isaac Hembree m. Elizabeth White   4 Jan 1830 Rutherford Co., NC.

                        (His father Abraham was the bondsman for the marriage.)

                        In the 1830 Census he is listed as Isaac Himbree, close to James M.

                        He then crossed the mountains into Tennessee and settled there.  


                        Isaac filed an affadavit in Cocke County, TN in 1834 on his father’s

                        behalf.   The 1840 census data is partially lost and what appears to be

                        his widow and children are shown in 1850 Greene County (next to

                        Cocke Co.) TN.


                        Isaac is sometimes shown as a grandson of Abraham but his proximity

                        to Abraham (plus his affadavit) suggest that he was a son.

                        (See family sheet.)




                                                                                       ixp 100

Three Matilda Hembrees 



Three women, born around the same time (1787/8) and the same place (Spartanburg, South

Carolina), with the same name:  Matilda Hembree.  Ordinarily, this would indicate a family

name but nobody has come up with the family source*.  Since the name all but dies out after

their generation this was probably not a family name.  There were other Matildas in the same

area and time frame (1785-1800) such as Matilda Dempsey, Matilda Jackson, Matilda

Shirley, Matilda Bishop.


*The mother of Joel Hembree (b.1793 or 1796) was a Matilda in the Spartanburg area.  If

she’s our family source she must have been a remarkable woman.




Matilda Hembree b. 1787 SC d.bef 1840 TN  dau. of Drury Hembree


She appears to be the first.  Drury Hembree’s widow is known only as “M.” and Drury’s first

daughter is named Matilda.  Is she the source of the name?  Not for Abraham or Joel.


Since her family went to the Tennessee frontier before 1810 she disappears after marriage and

there is no idea yet what became of her but perhaps in time some family will come forward

with a “brick wall” ancestor named Tilly or Mattie or Matilda who was part Cherokee and

lived in eastern or central Tennessee, perhaps following Drury’s family to Indiana then west

to Missouri or she may have remained in Tennessee. 




Matilda Hembree b. 1788 SC d.aft 1830 NC  dau. of Abraham Hembree


This Matilda is our “Cherokee” Matilda: displaying the scandalous boldness and independence

of her Cherokee tribal aunts.  See notes on her elsewhere and her separate family sheet.






Matilda Hembree b. 1788 or 1794 SC d. 1878 MO  dau. of  Joel Hembree


This Matilda had a child by Charles White then later married Benagah (or Benajah) Pennington  26 July 1814 in Roane County, Tennessee. 




                                                                                         ixp 101

Family Sheet:  James Lee Hembree (1790)   


                                b. 1790 SC  d.c.1871 Union Co, IL.     

                                m.c. 1810  Nancy Jane Rice  (b.25 Mar 1790 SC  d. 25 Mar 1868 GA/TN)

                                He was a son of Abraham Hembree (1757-1837).  See also James M. Hembree.                       


?          1)   Elizabeth Hembree   b. 1811 SC or TN  

m(1) John Pendergrass    ?m(2) Wiley C. Arwood? 1880 Dent Co, MO



            2)   Humphrey Hembree   b. 21 May 1812 SC or TN    d.aft 1890 Ark  

                        m. Jeanie Idensey Cox



            3)   Abram Hembree  b. 1813 TN   d.aft 1888 Wright Co, MO

m. Rhoda Mallicoat  b.c.1815 TN d.aft 1888 Wright Co, MO

                      dau of James Mallicoat and Rhoda Witcher

1850/1860 Rhea Co, TN p.280/476; 1880 census Wright Co MO p.508A,

1888 land patent Wright Co, MO


            4)    Andrew Hembree  b.c. 1815 TN   d. aft 1880 Dent Co, MO

                      m(1) Elizabeth  ------

1850 Rhea Co, TN p.280 (near brother Abraham)



5)   John Hembree  b.c. 1817 TN   d. aft 1880 Hamilton Co, TN

m(1) Phereby (February) (divorced); m(2) Nancy Jane – (she d.1877)

1850 Hamilton Co, TN p.856 also 1860, 1870, 1880 Hamilton Co 



            6)  Susan Hembree       b.c. 1822 TN  d.aft 1880 

m. Abner Dotson  28 Jul 1846  Meigs Co, TN (he d.1865)      



7)   James Hembree  b.c. 1824  NC or TN  m. Adaline (Fannie)

            1850 census McMinn Co TN


            8)  Matthew Hembree    b.c. 1827  SC   d.bef.1870     

            1850 census McMinn Co TN listed w/bro. James



9)   Jonathan (John) Hembree    b. 1829 TN   d.bef 1880 Wayne Co, MO

            m. Caroline (b.1833 TN d.aft.1880 Wayne Co, MO)

                        1870 Union Co, IL p.374; widow 1880 Wayne Co, MO p.354a



            10)   William W. Hembree    b. 1831 or 1837 Campbell Co, TN  d. 28 April

1926 Wagoner County, Oklahoma 

                        m(1) ---------?     m(2) Mary Jane Taylor  18 Jan 1870 Hamilton Co, TN

She was b. 1 Oct 1846 Blount Co, TN, d.21 May 1928 Wagoner Co, OK

See 1870 Union Co IL p.374; 1880 Dent Co, MO p.354a. 

He was a Civil War pensioner: Co. C 7th  Rgmt Tn Vol. Inf;

and Co. B, Co. F 1st Regiment Tn Inf , Private.



            11)   Emanuel Thomas Hembree    b.c. 1833 TN  d.1918 Mountain Grove,

Wright Co, MO    

m. Mary Jane Gross (b.1840 TN  d.13 Mar 1934 Wright Co, MO)

                        1850 census Meigs Co, TN p.721 w/father; 1870 census Union Co, IL

 p.374; 1880 census Wright Co. MO p.508a (Mountain Grove); 

Pvt., Co. C 5th  Regiment Tennessee Infantry (Union)



12)   Benjamin A.Hembree  b. 6 Oct 1832/5 Campbell Co, TN; d. 2 Apr 1914

Hamilton Co, TN   m(1) Harriet (Hettie) Pendergrass (b.9 Apr1840 TN

d. 23 Aug 1909 TN); m(2) Flara (b. Aug 182x d. 20 Oct 1920 TN)

            he was a Civil War soldier (Union) and pensioner: Co. I 7th  Rgmt Tn

Vol. Inf



            *)    dau         b. 1832-5 TN  in 1840 census grand-daughter?  or d.young



            13)  Nancy Jane Hembree    b. 1838  d. 20 Oct 1902 Fulton Co, Arkansas

                        m(1)  John W. Carr 9 Nov 1854 Meigs Co, TN (he died in Civil War)

m(2)  Robert Todd  1884 Fulton Co, Arkansas

     Notes on the family of James Lee Hembree


            James Emery served in the War of 1812 in Capt James Stewart’s TN Militia.

            His pension application is SC-18930, which shows he married Nancy Jane

            Rice 1810 in Spartanburg, SC.  He resided in Meigs Co and Roane Co, TN and

            also in Wright Co, MO, per his pension application and land grant.


            (Lola Allen has researched some of his descendants & posted them online.)



   Some federal land patents in Missouri:


HEMBREE, BENJAMIN F    2/1/1873            Wright Co, MO             Springfield office

               120 acres Homestead Act entry    Section 15       Twshp  30-N       Range  15-W

         (This is a grandson of Drury, born in Ohio.)                                


EMERY, ABRAHAM           6/23/1888          Wright Co, MO             Springfield office

EMERY, RHODA                  

(jointly)    80 acres Homestead Act entry    Section 21       Twshp  28-N       Range  12-W       


EMERY, JAMES                   6/23/1888          Wright Co, MO             Springfield office

               80 acres Homestead Act entry    Section 21       Twshp  28-N       Range  12-W       


EMERY, EMANUEL            9/5/1890            Wright Co, MO             Springfield office

               160 acres Homestead Act entry    Section 28       Twshp  28-N       Range  12-W      

                                                                 Section 33       Twshp  28-N       Range  12-W       


   From Wright Co, MO website:

            Plat locations                Section             Township         Range  (undated)

EMERY, Abraham    21,         28N,        12W
EMERY, Emanuel    28-33,      28N,        12W
EMERY, James      1,          28N,        12W

HEMBREE, Benj F. 15,         30N,        15W


            A comparison of the 1870 and 1880 census plus the land patents show Manuel

            (Emanuel) Emery to belong to the Abraham Hembree line. 



            Who is buried in James Lee Hembree’s tomb?  For a discussion, see James M.

            Hembree (b.1809).






                                                                                       ixp  104

Family Sheet:  Ephraim Hembree (1796-1849)


Ephraim  b. 1796 SC   d.bef 1850  MO  son of Abraham Hembree

                                Rachel Pettit   b. 1796 SC   d.aft 1870 MO      

                                she m(2)  ------ Mathes / Mathis  who d.bef. 1850 also




            1)   unknown son          b. 1816 SC  d.aft. 1830



            2)  Robert J. Hembree              b. 1818 SC  d.bef. 1880

                        m. Elizabeth (Ayers?) (b.1822 VA)



            3)  Abraham Hembree              b. 1819 SC  d. 10 Oct 1843 in MO.

m. 20 or 27 July 1843 Mary A. Allison (Lawrence Co, MO)

                        (A daughter was born of the union.)

            “Abraham Hernbue m. Mary M. Allason, July 20, 1843” [see post #894

            Hembree Forum on by Leslie Ashman]



            4)  unk dau       b. 1821 SC     d.aft. 1830




            5)  Lucinda Hembree                b.c. 1823  SC  d.bef 1880 Barry Co, MO   

                        m(1) Jesse B. Brewer  15 Sep 1842 Lawrence Co, MO

                        m(2) Isaac Weatherby  18 Nov 1846   Randolph Co, Arkansas

                        m(3) Anthony Hall    c.1868  Barry Co, MO

                        See 1880 census Barry Co, MO (White River) p. 288c



            6)  Mary Magdalene Hembree   b.1826 SC

m(1)  James Barnes   2 Nov 1845 Ripley Co, MO

m(2)  Hezekiah M. Harbert  c. 1852-1857 prob. Taney Co, MO

m(3)  Lewis Haines   20 Apr 1865 Schuyler Co, IL



            7)  unk dau                   b. 1828 NC  (alive in 1830)



            8)  unk dau                   b. 1830 NC  (alive in 1830)





            9)   Ephraim F. Hembree   b. 22 Oct 1833 Union Co, IL  d. 20 Oct 1897

Golden (Barry Co)  MO;          m. Mary Ann Clark (or Parkinson)

1860 Arkansas, 1870 IL or MO, 1880 MO

       Ephraim F. Hembree Co. L  1st  Ark Cavalry, Private  (Union)

       E. F.  Hembree  Co. F. (Capt. Lee’s) County Regmt, Missouri Home Guard,

            Private (Union)



            10)   William Hembree  b. 1839 AR  d.aft 1862 bef 1880


         William Hembree  Co. I  1st  Ark Cavalry, Private  (Union)



            11)   Rachel Hembree               b. 1841 AR  d.c.1878 Barry Co, MO

                        m.  Elijah or Elisha HALL (b.1837 KY) son of Anthony HALL (b.1802

  NC).  See census Barry Co, MO 1870 (p.3) &1880 (p.288c).




     Notes for Ephraim Hembree:


            Ephraim went to Illinois by 1833 then to Missouri before 1840.  He located

            in the old Greene County area which became Taney, Stone, Barry and Lawrence

            Counties.  He was close to the Arkansas border so we might find records in

            Benton and Carrol County, Arkansas.  (An E. Hembree is listed in the 1839 tax

records for Lawrence Co, Arkansas.)


Ephraim died before 1850 and his children and grandchildren have not all been

found but they were in the lower Missouri & upper Arkansas area.  The widow of

Drury Hembree is found in Taney County, Missouri, in 1850. 


Ephraim Hembree Jr. claimed 80 acres in Barry County, Missouri on 7 March

1892 under the Homestead Act of 1862.  Since it is likely he was living close by

since 1875 or so, it is interesting to take a look at who his neighbors were.  His

land was in Section 24 of Township 22-N, by Range 26-W.  Land to the east and

south of Hembree’s land was vacant.


The first to register land in that section was Jesse Spencer (on 27 March 1861).

He died or left the area a few years later and James M. Aldridge got the land and

an additional 40 acres on 1 July 1874.   Elisha Burk got the 80 acres below

Aldridge on 15 February 1876.  Others who registered land about the same time

as Ephraim Hembree were William J. Edie (or Ady), Thomas E. Meadows

(or Meaders), Andrew R. Ethridge (or Aldridge), and the widow Amanda Petty

with her adult children Caleb Petty and Amanda Scott (I could have the mother &

daughter reversed).


Petty is a known variant of Pettitt, and there was a George Pettitt (b.1792) in the

area in 1850.  Not sure if there is a connection yet. This group appears to be

related to Joel H. Petty b.1815 KY d.1863 who came to Barry County from Knox

County, Kentucky.


Jesse Spencer was in Spartanburg County, South Carolina, in 1800 then in Knox

County, Kentucky in 1810.  He may have been the son of Benjamin Spencer of

Spartanburg (a neighbor of Abraham Hembree in 1790).  Or he could be the older

Jesse Spencer, son of John and Susannah Spencer of Anson County, NC then of

Spartanburg.   (See Dr. Barbara Inman Beall’s discussion of the Spencers at


                11 April 1791. Robert Patten of Burke Co, NC to Jesse Spencer

                of Spartanburg;  for 20 pounds sterling does sell 100 acres on

                Ward’s Branch of North fork of Tyger River.  Bordering all vacant

                Land.  Granted 24 Aug 1779 to Alexander Curry who then sold to

                Robert Patton on 12 Jan 1775.  Witnesses: Lawson Thomson and

                James Scott.  Signed Robert Patten. Witness oath 13 Jun 1791 Lawson

                Thomson to Thos. Moore.  Recorded 1 Sep 1791.  Spartanburg B:460  


The Meadows / Meaders family could trace to Spartanburg and/or Pendleton,

South Carolina.  


                27 Jan 1792. Abraham Hembrey and wife Winey to Thomas Meadows

                (all of Spartanburg) for 20 pounds SC money sells 117 acres on North

                side of Tyger River.  Bordering Tobias Bright and Albutus Bright. Part

of a 265 acre grant 7 Jan 1788 Gov. Thomas Pinckney to Abraham

Hembrey on branch of Dutchman’s and Cane [Cain] Creeks and N side

of Tyger River.  Witnesses: Gideon Hearlson, Jesse Meaders (or

Meadows) and William Meadows.   Signed Abraham Hembrey and Winey’s

Marks.  Witness oath 10 Jan 1793 Jesse Meaders to Wm. Smith.   

Recorded 3 Apr 1794.  Spartanburg C:223  


On 15 Jan 1806 Thomas Meader (Meadow) bought 100 acres on Dutchmans

Creek adjacent to Abraham Hembree.  Thomas Meadows lived next to the

Abraham Hembree family on  the north side of Tyger River and then on

Dutchman’s Creek.  Spartanburg K:301.  A family connection is possible.  


Elisha Burk is worth investigating because Ephraim Hembree’s

nephew John married Elisha Burk’s daughter Martha Ann on 28 January 1877.

In the 1909 plat map,  Ephraim Hembree’s land is shown under E. Williamson

and the Williamson family lives there to this day.   I have not checked the 1900

census listing for this family but Frank Williamson, a descendant, surely has

and he has gone no farther back than Walter Williamson (1875-1914).  A James

Williamson (b.c.1828) m. Elizabeth --- (b.c.1827) in Lawrence County, MO.

She would fit in nicely as one of the unknown daughters of Ephraim Hembree.

(James Williamson was the son of Jesse Williamson b.1805 VA.)




Also worth investigating is the Polly or Dolly Allfrey (1821-1890) buried on the

land in what is known as the Edie/Aldridge Cemetery. (Frank Williamson shows

her as Dolley A. Allfrey 27 Aug 1821 – 24 Jun 1890.)  This could be Mary Ann,

the wife of Ephraim??



            Ephraim F. Hembree, Lewis Hembree (son of Drury) and William Hembree

served together in the 1st Arkansas Cavalry (Union).





                                                                                      ixp 108

Family Sheet:  (Joel) Joseph M. Hembree (1802-1858) SC-TN


                b. 1802 SC   d.bef 1860 Jefferson Co, TN   son of Abraham Hembree ?

                                m.c. 1823  Sarah  --------  (b.1808 SC)   



            1)   Hulda Emory   b. 1824 SC or TN  m(2)  Thomas Griffith (b.1822 TN)



            2)   Sarah                 b. 1826 SC or TN



            3)   ? Rebecca Emory b. 1828 SC or TN  m. ----- Moore  (d.bef.1870)



            4)   Joseph Marion Emery     b. 1830 SC or TN d.aft. 1900 TN

                        m. Manerva Tipton 19 Aug 1867

                        (A son of Joseph Hembree & Sarah Melton, not the son of this

                        Joseph Hembree & Sarah?  1840 census shows a son here so

perhaps there are two Josephs?  Or this son b.1830 is unknown.)



            5)   Franklin or Francis Emery  b. 1835 SC or TN

                        prob d. bef 1870  and prob m. Elizabeth ---- (b. 1833 TN)


            6)  Hester or Hettie Emory  b. 1837 SC or TN

                  m. James Ballard  ?            



            7)  Samuel  Emory        b. 1840 TN


            Private, Co. C, Tennessee Lt. Artillery, Confederate (as Samuel Emery and

            Simon Emory)



            8)  Martha  Emory        b. 1842 TN







                                                                                       ixp 109 

Family Sheet:  Reuben Emery (1804-1896)


                       Reuben Hembree b.1804 SC  d. 15 Sep 1896 Gilmer Co, GA son of Abraham Hembree

                                m. c. 1826  Sarah Laird, dau. of Curtis & Betsie Laird (Lard)

                                she d. 15 July 1891 Gilmer Co, GA



1)    Elizabeth  Hembree  b.24 Aug 1828 GA  d. 1860


            2)   Nancy (Susan)  Hembree  b. 12 Oct 1830 GA  d. aft 1907

                  m(1) 1847 ------ Black? or  ?m. 18 Oct 1846 David Rogers, Gilmer Co GA


            3)   Catherine Hembree    b. 1832   d. Apr 1879

                        m. 13 Jan 1863 Jasper Key in Gilmer Co, GA


            4)   Martha   Hembree  b. 20 May 1833 GA  d.bef 1907


            5)   Mary Louisa Hembree  b. 10 Aug 1835 GA    d.bef 1907


            6)   Talitha Hembree  b. 23 Jan 1838 GA   d.aft 1907


            7)   Malinda Hembree  b. 5 May 1839 (or 1850) GA  d.



8)   Celia Hembree   b. 1843 GA  


            9)   Minerva Hembree    b. 27 Aug 1845 Murray Co GA  d.aft 1907 GA

                        m. Alpheus Key



10)   Divina  Hembree   b. 1848 Murray Co GA  d.  Sep 1, 1849 


            11)   John Hembree    b.1850  Murray Co, GA  d. 14? Jan 1876


            From 26 Jan 1876 : “John Emory (or Emery), who resided near Santa Luca,

            was shot and killed on Friday night last, supposedly by one W. O. Grady (or

O’Grady), a United States soldier.  Grady was arrested Sunday by Sheriff

Randell, and is now undergoing a preliminary examination.”  [George Gordon

Ward, The Annals of Upper Georgia Centered in Gilmer County, (Carrollton, GA.:

Thomasson Printing Co., 1965): p.353]



            12)  Charles Hembree  b. 1854  Murray Co, GA  d.aft.1907






Notes on Reuben Emery


(See discussion under “Notes on the Children of Abraham Hembree” and in

the chapter on the pension applications.)


In the 1827 Georgia land lottery, Curtis Lard (Laird), James Lard, and James

Lard Jr. drew lots in what was then Hall County.  In the 1832 Cherokee land

lottery, Reuben Hembree drew land in Hall County.  In the 1832 gold land

lottery, James L. Hembree drew land.  The 1830 census for Hall Co, GA



Reubin Embry          0  0  0  0  1 …….. 1  0  0  0  1  ………  and

Amariah Hembree    0  0  0  1  1  0  0  1 ….. 0  0  1  0  0  0  1  0, 4 slaves


Because another Reuben Embry was in the state we have to be sure that the

above is ours.  The age (20-30) indicates that this is our Reuben.  The other

Reuben b.c.1770 is said to have gone to Franklin Co, Tennessee by 1812, but

returned to Georgia where he died c.1835 (Oglethorpe County).  (That could

be another Reuben Embry.)


The 1834 state census of Lumpkin County, Georgia, however, shows a

Reuben Emery with 5 “heads” in addition to his own so the household of 6

persons would match exactly the family sheet as we show it.  























                                                                                      ixp 111


Family Sheet:  Isaac Hembree / Emory (1806)  


                b. 1806 SC   d.c. 1848 Greene Co, TN   son of Abraham Hembree

                                m. Elizabeth White   4 Jan 1830 Rutherford Co, NC  she b. 1808 NC  




            1)   Anna Emory       b. 1831  NC



            2)  Margaret Emory   b.  1837  NC or TN



            3)  Drucilla Emory      b. 1843  TN



            4)  Joshua Emory        b. 1845  TN




            A Joshua Emery was a private in Co. E 20th Regiment GA Vol. Infantry CSA.  He

            enlisted 27 June 1861 in Harris Co, GA.  He died of typhoid fever at Culpepper, VA.

            on 8 Oct 1861.   [Lillian Henderson, Roster of the Confederate Soldiers of Georgia

            1861-1865 (Hapeville, GA : Longino&Porter): II,799]






                                                                                      ixp 112

Family Sheet:  James M. Hembree  (1809-1882)  


James Madison (“Mat” or “Nat”) Hembree


                 James M. Hembree   b. 1809 SC    d. 30 Apr 1882 Gilmer Co, GA

                                m(1)  1826/7  Nancy Floyd, dau of Thomas & Sallie Floyd

                                                                (she d. 27 Nov 1840 Hamilton Co, TN)

                                m(2)   1842    Sarah Jane Buchanan

                                                                (she  d.bef 1860 Murray Co, GA)

                                m(3)  1864  Martha  Payne (Pain), dau of Asa Payne  

                                                                (she d. 15 Apr 1882 Gilmer Co, GA)

Pvt. Co. C 11th Regmt GA Vol Infty CSA enlisted 3 July 1861 disability disch. 18 Nov 1861.

He was the son of Matilda Hembree (dau. of Abraham) and Joseph Hembree (b.1779).


            children by Nancy Floyd


1)    Ephraim  Hembree  b.& d. 1827 Rutherford Co, NC


            2)   Mahala Caroline Hembree b. 3 Nov 1829 Rutherford Co, NC d.aft 1908 GA

                        m. John Clonts on 6 May 1850;  he d. 19 Jul 1879 Gilmer Co, GA



            3)   Sara Ann Hembree  b. 1831 Rutherford Co, NC   d.c. 1901 MO (or GA)

                        m(1)  ----                     m(2)    Pleasant Scott (b.1826 SC)



            children by Sarah Jane Buchanan 


            *)   Francis M. Hembree     b. 1841  d. 10 July 1862 Lynchburg, VA

     -- see 1860 census   Pvt. Co. C 11th Regmt GA Vol  Infty CSA  d. pneumonia in hospital



            4)   Andrew Jackson Hembree  b. 23 Apr 1843  TN  d.c. 1900 TX 

                        m. Louisa Latch  (had son Joseph Emory who m. Talitha “Dixie” Jones

                                   16 Jan 1887 Gilmer Co, GA, of Cherokee blood)

    Pvt. Co. C 11th Regmt GA Vol  Infty CSA enlisted 3 July 1861 captd at Gettysburg 5 Jul 1863



            5)  Harriet Israel Hembree  b. 5 Aug 1865 GA  d.aft 1907 GA

                        (in 1880 household)


            6)  Isaac Hembree    b.c. 1870   d.aft. 1907 TN

                        (not in 1880 household)



            children by Martha Payne (Pain)


            7)  Mary Hembree   b. 11 May 1876 Gilmer Co, GA  m. William Scott Houser



            8)  Martha E. Hembree   b. 1878 Gilmer Co, GA

                        m. David Dale  17 Jan 1895 Gilmer Co, GA



            9)  John William Jasper Hembree  b. 11 May 1881 Gilmer Co, GA

                        res Ark in 1907



Notes for James M. Hembree


His census ages present a huge difficulty:

            in 1880 he says he’s  88   (b.1792 SC)   (Murray Co, GA)

            in 1870 he says he’s  77   (b. 1793 SC)  (Murray Co, GA)

            in 1860 he says he’s  64   (b. 1796 SC)  (Murray Co, GA)

            in 1850 he says he’s  50   (b. 1800 SC)  (Hamilton Co, TN)

            in 1840   -- no record found

            in 1830 he says he’s 20-29  (b. 1801-1810)  (Rutherford Co, NC)

            in 1820 he’s in the household of Abraham Hembree

       (Spartanburg, SC)  a list of males besides Abraham:

            male b.1794-1802

            male b.1805-1810

            male b.1805-1810

            male b.1805-1810

            male b.1810-1820  grandson 

            male b.1810-1820  grandson

            male b.1810-1820  grandson

this list includes 3-4 grandsons and perhaps a son-in-law


            in 1810 the household of Abraham Hembree (Spartanburg, SC) 

       presents this list of males besides Abraham:

            male b.1783-1794

            male b.1800-1810

            male b.1800-1810

            male b.1800-1810


            in 1800 the household of Abraham Hembree (Spartanburg, SC) 

presents this list of males besides Abraham:

            male b.1790-1799

            male b.1790-1799


            in 1790 the household of Abraham Hembree (Spartanburg, SC) 

has no males besides Abraham



Since Abraham’s wife died before 1810, the 1810 census provides a final

snapshot of his sons.  We can take these sons: Ephraim (1796), Joel (1802),

Reuben (1804) and Isaac(1806) and plug them into 1810.  That means the

son James would be the older of the sons b.1790-1794. 


But we have James Lee Hembree and James M. Hembree both claiming to be

that son.   Assume that one of these is a grandson instead of a son.  Following

James Lee Hembree backwards from 1850 to 1840 to 1830 we see that his

age in all three point to a birth period of 1788-1790.  James Lee fits better as

the older son.  If we assume James M. is a grandson b.1809 the 1810 and 1820

census data make sense. 


How do we know Matilda is his mother?  In the 1830 census Matilda Hembree,

James M. Hembree, Isaac Hembree, Ephraim Hembree and Abraham Hembree

are all listed as household heads in Rutherford County, North Carolina.  Children

of James M. said they were born in Rutherford County on their 1909 Cherokee

applications.  Matilda has a son b.1810-1815 in her household so it would not

be difficult to imagine that James b.1800-1809 in the census could be her son

as well.    The Goucher Baptist Church records show that both James and

Matilda were given letters of membership when they left to go to North

Carolina.  (James left as a member in good standing.  Matilda left with a charge

of being pregnant outside of wedlock.)  The 1830 census shows a daughter was

born c.1825.  The selection of Matilda as the likely mother of James M. is based

on this circumstantial evidence, while also eliminating almost every other



Who is his father?  Since he was admitted into church membership, it is doubtful

that he was an illegitimate child.  A descendant of this family believes that

Matilda married a Joseph Hembree.  There is a Joseph Hembree that fits the bill

perfectly: right age (b.1779) and right location (Spartanburg, Rutherford County).

Until another theory is presented, this one fits quite well.



Who is buried in James Lee Hembree’s tomb?


The Murray County Heritage by the Murray County Historical Society

(Roswell : 1987) says “the James Lee Hembree grave is on the old church

grounds near Hassler’s Chapel. . . . Emory Creek feeds Hassler’s Creek

near Gilmer County.” (p.284, 287)  But even the historical society has the

two confused since I found James Lee with his son William in Union County,

Illinois in 1870 and he would be much too old (age 80 in the census) to make a

move.  He apparently died there by 1871, because the son he was living with

(William) moved to Missouri in 1871, having a child there.  His other family

members in Union County also moved to Missouri around that time.  So James

Lee Hembree probably died in Union County, Illinois.  Unless there is some



evidence to the contrary, it appears that James M. Hembree, who died on

30 April 1882 in Gilmer County, is buried in James Lee Hembree’s grave.











                                                                                      ixp 116


Family Sheet:  Davis Hembree  (1817-1877)  


Davis Hembree was the son of Elizabeth (Betsy) Hembree and an unknown Hembree.  He

was born  1817/8 Rutherford County, North Carolina, and died 1877 in  Missouri.

He m.  Adaline MILLER (b.1814 d.aft.1880 Missouri).



            1)  James Washington Hembree    b. 9 Sep 1836/1838 TN  d. 17 Jan 1912 NC

                        m. Martha Lucretia Fore on 16 Nov 1868 (she b. 1848  d. 1927)



            2)  (Rev) Joseph C. Hembree     b. 1840 NC  d.aft 1880 Bollinger Co, MO

                          m.  Charity           b.1842 TN d.aft 1880 Bollinger Co, MO



            3)  (Rev.) Abraham A. (Tommy) Hembree    b. 1845 NC or TN



            4)  Charlotte or Charity Hembree   b. 1846 NC or TN



            5)  Sarah Ann Hembree   b. 1850 NC   d.1910 NC

                        m. David Surrett / Surratt  (1846-1911)



            6)  Miller A. Hembree              b. 1852 NC      m. Laura Surret (Surratt)



            7)  Lucinda (Nancy) Hembree     b. 1854 NC



            8)  George Columbus Hembree  b. 1858 NC   d. 14 July 1953

                        m.  Lou   b. 1861 TN 

              1880 census Reems Creek, Buncombe Co, NC p.183b



            Notes on the Civil War service of the sons of Davis Hembree


            James W. Hembree enlisted in Buncombe Co. on 7 May 1861 serving as a pvt.

            in the 16th Regiment.  He was wounded and captured at Gettysburg.  He was

            taken to a civilian hospital in New York where his right leg was amputated on

            22 July 1863.  He was paroled and exchanged by the Union on 27 Sep 1863 and

            awarded a Confederate disability retirement on 14 Oct 1864.



            Joseph C. Hembree was born in Buncombe Co,  but enlisted in Madison Co, NC

            on 3 Mar 1862, joining the 16th Regiment as a private.  He too was captured at

            Gettysburg and sent to the army prison at Fort Delaware (in Delaware).  He was

            transferred to the prison at Point Lookout, MD.  He joined the Union army as

            a condition of his release from jail on 24 Feb 1864 serving in Co. F 1st Rgmt

            US Vol Infantry.


            Abraham A. Hembree resided in Buncombe Co.  He enlisted as a private in Co. C

            29th Regiment NC at age 18 on 17 Sep 1863.  






            Davis was the bondsman for the marriage between James Hembree (his brother)

and a Delilah Hembree  on 22 July 1852 in Rutherford Co, NC.  Who is she?


Joyce Reece, a descendant of Davis Hembree, has extensive information on this








                                                                                        ixp 118

Family Sheet:  William Hembree (1754-1821)   


William Hembree was the son of  John Hembree (b.1710 VA d.c.1785).

                b. 1750/4 Lunenburg Co, VA   d. 1821 Union District, SC 

                                wife Orinah or Orinda   b.c.1759  d. Dec 1834  Spartanburg,  SC



            1)   William W.  Hembree         b. 1774 VA     d.aft 1835

                        m. Martha (Patsy) Ann (b.c. 1778 d.c.1840 GA)

                William W. and wife Ann witnessed a deed on 30 Sep 1835 but on a deed of 5 Feb 1835

his wife is called Martha and Patsy, so her name was probably Martha (Patsy) Ann.



            2)   daughter Hembree  b. 1775  VA   d. 1821  Spartanburg SC.

                        m.  Ephraim Story  (b.c.1778  d.bef 1850)   

In the 1800 census, she is still at home (16-26) with her father William in Spartanburg, 

SC (p.199). In the 1820 census, she (45+) is listed with husband Ephraim Story (26-44), living

close to her father William (p.255).  Her name is not yet known.  Esther Hembree (26-44), her

sister in law, is listed in the same census close to her father Abraham Hembree (p.263).  Esther

was the widow of Irah Hembree. 



            3)   Owen  Hembree                 b. 1777 VA     d.1837 Carroll Co, GA

                        m. Rebecca Hembree (1786-aft 1840) dau of Abraham Hembree



            4)   Isaiah Hembree                  b. 1781 VA  d.11Sep 1853 Carroll Co., GA

                        m. Frances Polly Brock  (1788-1872 Fulton Co., GA)



            5)   Irah Hembree                     b. 1783 VA     d.1810 SC

                        m. Esther Hembree (1784-aft 1830) dau of Abraham Hembree


            6)  Johnson Hembree  b. 1784 VA   d.c.1867 Spartanburg, SC 

                        m(1)  Rachel (Hembree) Davis dau of Joel Hembree, widow of

                                    Hugh Davis in 1807

                        m(2)  Susan


                He appears in the 1860 census, so the 1827 sometimes shown for his death is incorrect.  On

                3 Oct 1807 he took over as administrator for the estate of Hugh Davis and married the widow.

                The Hembree (Emery) family lived next to the Johnson family in Surry Co, VA and close to

                the family of Hugh Davis, Nathan Davis.  Perhaps Johnson was a cousin of Hugh Davis.


            7)   unknown daughter Hembree  b.c. 1787 NC  d.bef. 1800 Wake Co, NC

                        [1790 census shows extra daughter who is not in 1800 household]


            William Hembree’s Parents and Birthplace


             Some facts about William: he was born in Virginia, all of his known

children were born in Virginia; he was related to the other Virginia Hembrees

of Spartanburg; he and his children were Baptists.  Two sons of his married

two daughters of Abraham Hembree, so we can rule out a close relationship

between Abraham and William per Virginia Baptist rules about marriage.

(Turns out they are not related at all, no problem.)  A son of his married a

daughter of Joel Hembree.  Aside from the fact that the parentage of Joel

b.1755 is in question, by long convention we can assume he is the son of

James Hembree b.1730 who came to South Carolina by 1768, probably 1766.


This makes James b.1730 impossible as the father of William but the new

construction of his uncle John b.1710 d.c.1785 shows this John to be the

likely parent of William b.1750/54.   John Hembree was in Lunenburg

County in this time frame, so we can put that down as William’s birthplace.

He went to Surry County, Virginia by 1770, and died there, so we might

assume that as the birthplace for some of William’s children.  An earlier

family descended from John Emery who married Susannah Green was in

Surry County, so the John Hembree family often appears as Emery.  When

John Hembree died, William left Virginia and went to Wake County, North

Carolina, where he had cousins.  Although we are not sure yet of the family

picture, these cousins had roots back in Halifax and Goochland Counties in

Virginia as did the other Hembrees of Virginia.   Plus, they were of the same

Baptist movement.



            Further notes on the family of William Hembree


            Elesa & David Hembree of Kennesaw, GA, wrote that William was a brother

to  Joel Hembree b.1755, and that they were the sons of James Hembree (b.1730) and Sarah Byrd, she being the daughter of John Byrd and Margaret Dean.  This

was years before the theory that John Hembree in Surry County is the father.


Although some sources show William death as 1823, the Kennesaw Hembrees have convincing proof (a probate order) showing the death was before

October 4, 1821. They, and many others, do not agree that James Hembree (b.c.1785) and Joseph (b.1779) beong to William because neither are mentioned in the will of William.  (Joseph is a son of a different William, James is unknown.)


Esther Hembree in the 1810, 1820, 1830 census is not mentioned in William’s 1821 will.  An Ephraim Story received from William’s estate so it is probable

that he was married to a daughter of William Hembree.  [See Barbara R. Langdon, Spartanburg County Marriages 1785-1911 Implied in Spartanburg County

South Carolina Probate Records (Aiken, SC: Langdon&Langdon,1992): p.219]       


            But there seems to be a Cynthia Hembree who was left out of the estate

            (she was daughter of Johnson – see family sheet).  Johnson Hembree was

            the administrator of his father’s estate but the oldest son William W. Jr sold off

            50 acres for $37 and Johnson took him to court in March 1823.  The land was

            taken on 5 June 1824 and sold at a sheriff’s sale and was purchased by

“Benjamin Nickolls for Cynthia Hembree” for $30.  (Witness sworn and deed

recorded in 1836.) (See explanation under William W. Hembree Jr.)


            William W. Jr. also had disciplinary problems with the church much the same

            as Abraham.  Some of the Hembrees were coopers – they made barrels – and

            they enjoyed the contents thereof.



William Hembree of Goochland County, VA and Wake County, NC


Investigation into the origin of the name Joel / Joel Bird Hembree has led to

solid proof that this William Hembree was in Wake County, North Carolina, in



The 1790 census for the Hillsborough District (Wake County section), NC:


            p.103  Embrew, Wm.               2 – 4 – 3     0  -  0    


            p.104  Embrew, Thos.              3 – 3 – 2     0  -  1    


            p.106  Emborough, Wm.          2 – 2 – 4     0  -  0    


First, the William Embry on p.103 matches the family shown for our William

Hembree:  2 males over 16,  4 males under 16,  3 females.    This is a unique

match:  there is no other family group in the 1790 census for the entire United

States that matches as well.  One that comes a close second is the William on

p.106, with 2 males over 16, 2 males under 16.  This William died c.1802 in

Wake County.


The Thomas Embry in the census is Thomas Embry b.c.1735 VA d. Sep 1797 Wake Co, NC.  His wife was Anne Jackson of Goochland Co, VA.  She

went to Oglethorpe County, Georgia, with her sons and died there 30 Sep 1830.


In the 1800 census, William the elder (p.106) is listed in Wake County, but our

William is in Spartanburg County (p.199): 0  3  1  0  1     0  0  1  1  0     0    0.


Second, these Embrys come from the same place in Virginia (the Goochland County area) as our Hembrees.


Third, they were active Baptist pioneers, as were our Spartanburg Hembrees.


Richard Hartsfield went from Wake Co, NC to Wilkes Co, GA in 1785, then into

Ogelthorpe Co, GA by 1795.  This follows the movements of Joseph Joel Embry.

He was a neighbor of the Embrys in Oglethorpe County until his death bef. 1830. 

His son Henry Hartsfield sold 200 acres on Little Beaverdam Creek in that county

to Enoch Embry on 10 Dec 1803.   (Enoch Embry’s son Joel Embry is in 1830

census for Grainger Co, TN.)


The Hartsfields, Olives, Standifers and Embrys were pioneers of the Clouds Creek Baptist Church in Oglethorpe County 1788.  



Fourth, the Bird and Joel Bird name is found in Wake County:


                Marriage License Bond.

State of North Carolina, Wake County, Know all men by these Presents That we, Zachariah Wimberley and Joel Bird are held and firmly bound unto William Hawkins, Governor, or his Successors in Office, in the full sum of Five Hundred Pounds, current money, to be paid to the said Governor, his Successors or Assigns, for which payment will and truly to be made and done, we bind ourselves, our Hiers, Executors, and Administrators, jointly and severally firmly by these presents, sealed with our Seals, and dated this 16th day of November, Ano Domini 1812,  etc. …


[pg 087][Deed Book H]
p. 438 Elizabeth Carden of Wake Co. to Moses Bird
of same, Aug. 30, 1784, for 25 pds. N.C. currency a
tract of "hundred acres" lying on both sides of Houses
Creek and on Gulles Branch adjoining Dillard. Wit:
John Freeman, Joel Bird.

[pg 162][Deed Book Q]
p. 230 Elizabeth Cardin of Oglethorpe Co., Ga. to
Jesse Olive of Wake Co., Sept. 24, 1799, for 10 dollars
a tract of 350 acres in Wake Co. lying on both sides of
Houses Creek at the mouth of gulloways Branch adjoining
Micajah Muckelroy, Ozias Vincent, and Elizabeth Cardin's
old line, it being part of a tract granted by the State