Jefferson City


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Mossy Creek


John Fain Brazelton was born in New Market, Jefferson Co, Tenn ,August 22, 1833, and is the son of Gen William and Martha A Gillespie Brazelton. He was possessed of a strong mind and mastered the principles of mathematics and surveying but did not follow the latter. Until his nineteenth year, he worked with his father on the farm and then went to live with John Fain, a merchant of Dandridge and was by that gentleman employed in peddling goods through the country in a wagon. He became a partner of Mr Fain in about 1815, and established a store at Mossy Creek, which at that time was the only store from Mossy Creek to Knoxville, Dandridge, Cheek's Cross Roads, and Rutledge. Two years later the co-partnership was dissolved and he and Robert Massengill formed a co-partnership and carried on the business until 1822. (Source:History of Tennessee from the Earliest Time to the Present ..., Volume 4, p. 1162)

One iron furnace was reported in Mossy Creek in 1837. (Geological Report to the ... General Assembly of the State of ..., Volumes 4-9, Tennessee. Geological Survey, S. Nye & Company, printers to the House, 1837, p. 4)

Adam Peck was a Revolutionary War soldier who settled in Tennessee before Tennessee became a state. He was able to acquire quite a bit of land.


The next town of importance is Mossy Creek, ten miles distant, lying in the New Market Valley immediately on the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia Railroad, and twenty-seven miles from the city of Knoxville. Its population is about 300. The community is one of the best temperate moral and intelligent. There are two churches Presbyterian and Methodist. Its educational advantages are superior, there being two institutions of learning the Masonic Female Institute and the Baptist College. Both are permanently established and doing a great work for the youth of the country. The healthfulness of the locality the pure spring water, the moral and religious advantages and the high social tone pervading the community, render Mossy Creek a desirable place at which to educate the youth. The country contiguous is inviting and attractive. Fine farms dotted with beautiful homes can be seen on all sides.

The water power here is unusually good It is perhaps superior to any in the country. The stream known as Mossy Creek furnishes it. It is only about six miles long but for every half mile a sufficient power for all purposes can be obtained. The stream is fed by a large spring and therefore is constant. There is a number of mills on it, and one or two cotton factories.

Near the village is a zinc mine. The ore is considered valuable. The mine is not more than a quarter of a mile from the depot. A few years ago a company came out from the east bought the mine and erected suitable buildings for the purpose of manufacturing zinc. Heavy expenditures were made and vast quantities of the ore were gotten out and manufactured, but the company failed. It is thought the ore exists in sufficient quantity if judiciously worked to be a source of profit to the owners. (Source: First and Second Reports of the Bureau of Agriculture for the State of Tennessee, Tavel, Eastman & Howell, 1874, P. 641)

Jefferson City


By Mr Parham

ACT to amend Section 2 Chapter 393 of an Act of the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee passed February 7, 1901 being Senate Bill No 124 which was an Act to incorporate the town of Mossy Creek, Tenn. In the county of Jefferson under the corporate name of Jefferson City, Tenn, this Act being an Act to change the eastern boundary of said Jefferson City and also the western boundary of said Jefferson Cliy by repealing Chapter 301 of the Acts of 1903 which was an amendment to the original Act of 1901.

Section 2 Chapter 393 and making the western boundary of said Jefferson City as it was originally as set out In Section 2 Chapter 393 of the Acts of 1901

SECTION 1 Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee:

That Chapter 301 being Senate Bill No 387 of the Acts of 1903, be and the same is hereby repealed and the western boundary of said Jefferson City, Tenn is established, fixed, and shall be as in the original Act of incorporation for the town of Jefferson City as provided for in said original Act, being Section 2, Chapter 393, passed February 7, 1901, being Senate Bill No 124 and that Section 2 Chapter 393 of the Acts of 1901, be amended so as to change the eastern boundary of said Jefferson City as follows: Beginning in line fourteen, after the words Welch's line and corner, and inserting in lieu of the remainder of said Section 2 the following:
Thence in a northerly direction to the lands of Carson Newman College, thence east with the line of said lands to the Mossy Creek, thence with said creek to the northeast corner of said property, thence with the line of said Carson Newman lands and the Branner lands, and with the line between same to the corporation line thence northerly with the Branner line, to the northeast corner of the property formerly occupied by Mrs Cochran, now WB Seaton, thence a northerly direction a direct line to the northeast corner of JP Boss yard, thence in a westerly direction taking in Hugh S Williams residence to the beginning.

Sec 2: Be it further enacted That all laws and parts of laws in conflict with the provisions of this Act be and the same are hereby repealed and that this Act take effect from and after its passage the public welfare requiring it.

Passed April 23, 1909

William Kinney Speaker of the Senate

M Hillsman Taylor Speaker of the House of Representatives

Approved April 26, 1909

Malcolm R Patterson, Governor

(Source: Acts of the State of Tennessee Passed by the General Assembly, Part 1, By Tennessee, McQuiddy Print. Company, 1909,p. 955-956)

Carson Newman

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