The Stewarts of Ledcreich
Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland
A Cadet Branch of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie
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This page is part of the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group Web Site jointly hosted by myself, Ryk Brown, and my research partner, Chuck Speed. The research presented on this page is not ours alone. It is the product of all the Fellow Researchers of the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group. We are indebted to them for their generous contributions. This page is intended as a place for researchers to freely and cooperatively share our research with each other. The first-time reader is advised to begin with the introduction found on the Principal Families Page before proceeding on with this page.
The Stewarts of Ledcreich were a cadet branch of the Stewarts of Glenbuckie. Please refer to the Glenbuckie page for a full introduction.
The earliest references to the lands of Ledcreich (located on the north shore of Loch Voil in Balquhidder) are in the Medieval Holdings in Balquhidder assigned to William Stewart and Malcolm Maclery (McLaren) in 1480-1487 from the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland (Vol. 9. p. 566.) In 1502-1507, Ledcreich and other lands of Balquhidder were assigned to William Stewart and his son, Walter Stewart, with the power to have sub-tenants as recorded in the Exchequer Rolls (Vol. 12. p. 635) and from 1508-1513 (Vol. 13. p. 633.)
Patrick Stewart, 1st of Ledcreich who was eldest son of Alexander, 4th of Glenbuckie, was the first to obtain the sole assignment of the lands of Ledcreich. According to the historical compiler, Gordon MacGregor, author of Landed Families of Strathearn, this "Patrick Stewart,"...was..."styled as eldest son to his father in a Bond of Manrent to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy in 1586. He did not succeed to the lands of Glenbuckie but obtained those of Ledcreich and had issue." This also seems to be confirmed in the family notes made by his later descendant, Patrick Stewart of Ledcreich in 1763, and published in the American Historical Register, Vol. I (Jan 1895), pp. 441-446.
The succession of Stewarts of Ledcreich continued to hold assignment to these lands until 1739 when Patrick Stewart and his wife, Elizabeth Menzies, immigrated from Ledcreich to Cape Fear, in the North Carolina Colony along with approximately 300 fellow Highlanders. They were the vanguard of what began as a trickle and grew into a flood of Highland emigrants to what was then Bladen County, North Carolina, later to be divided into Cumberland, Moore, Robeson, Harnett and Hoke Counties. The colonists sailed from Scotland in June 1739. On 6 June, the customs office of Campbeltown, Argyll, cleared the "Thistle" (ship) of passengers for "Cape Fear in America." From Cambeltown, she sailed to Gigha to take on additional passengers and join the "Charming Molly" (ship), cleared at Belfast also to carry part of the colony.
Stewart Clan Magazine contradicts itself as to who sold Ledcreich. At one point it says that Patrick sold Ledcreich to John Glas Stewart of Benmore (k. at Culloden, 1746), a younger son of John Stewart of Acharn and father of the three Benmore Stewarts who inherited Glenbuckie in the mid 18th century. However, in another issue of SCM, the magazine claims that Patrick sold Ledcreich to his younger brother Robert. At some point the lands were then sold to the later line of Glenbuckie as Ledcreich was part of the land sold by John Lorn Stewart, 17th and Last of Glenbuckie in 1847.
Patrick Stewart, 5th of Ledcreich, did dictate his oral personal lineage to his son, Charles Stewart, in January 18, 1763. This family history was in the possession of Patrick's granddaughter, Ann Gist (Ann was the daughter of Patrick's son, James) at the time of her death. Her surviving husband, Gist, sent this original record to Dr Morgan Brown who was married to Patrick Stewart's granddaughter, Elizabeth Little (daughter of Catherine Stewart). It has survived these many years in the Brown family bible and was published in the American Historical Register, Vol. I (Jan 1895), pp. 441-446. A partial copy of this publication may be viewed at: http://www.chuckspeed.com/stewart/Stewart%20lineage.html and http://chuckspeed.com/American%20Historical%20Register1894-95.pdf .
Patrick STEWART , 1st Of Ledcreich b: ABT 1550 in Glenbuckie, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland, as the eldest son of Alexander Stewart, 4th of Glenbuckie. Being the eldest son, Patrick was entitled to inherit the estate and style of Glenbuckie. His younger brother, Duncan, had acquired or inherited (or was due to inherit) the lands of Ledcreich. Patrick and Duncan, for reasons unknown, decided to exchange their lands with each other. Sources conflict as to when this transaction occurred -- whether or not it was after Patrick had already inherited Glenbuckie. That is, it is unclear whether Patrick sold the estate of Glenbuckie or whether he merely sold the rights to inherit Glenbuckie to his younger brother, Duncan. No record of the transaction exists so we do not know for sure. Either way, Patrick ended up with Ledcreich and his younger brother, Duncan, acquired Glenbuckie. The traditional accounting showing Patrick as 1st of Ledcreich and Duncan as 5th of Glenbuckie implies that it was their birthrights which were exchanged (prior to inheritance) and not the actual estates (after inheriting), otherwise Patrick should be accounted as "5th of Glenbuckie and latterly 2nd of Ledcreich" while Duncan should be accounted "1st of Ledcreich and latterly 6th of Glenbuckie." MacGregor states Patrick Stewart was "styled as eldest son to his father in a Bond of Manrent to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy in 1586. He did not succeed to the lands of Glenbuckie but obtained those of Ledcreich and had issue." Whereas "The Invincible" accounts for Patrick as being "of Glenbuckie" prior to exchanging Glenbuckie for Ledcreich. And Stewarts of the South describes Patrick's brother, Duncan, as being "of Ledcreich" at the time of the Clearing of the Glen (ca. 1620, see Glenfinglas Page).
Patrick is mentioned in the following document as having participated in the murders of John and Hugh Stewart in Balquhidder: "Reg. Privy Seal. Vol.VI. No. 737. 8 Sept. 1569. Gift to Alexander Stewart in Pittareg of the escheat of numerous persons all from Balquhidder including Alexander Stewart in Gartnascrow and Andrew his son also Duncan Stewart his son, and Blak Alexander Stewart in Glenbuckie and Patrick his son, for the murder of Hugh and John Stewart, his brother, in the lands of Balquhider in December last ". It is not known exactly who Hugh and John Stewart were, but the majority of Stewarts in Balquhidder at that time belonged to the Balquhidder clan, so it is likely that they were distant cousins. Patrick was cited in the 1586 bond of manrent to Sir Duncan Campbell for the murder of John Comrie. Duncan Stewart's genealogy (1739) records this Patrick as "of whom Patrick Stewart of Ledcreich is the 5th in a lineal descent".
Patrick Stewart married abt 1575 to Christian DRUMMOND, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Migrams (and/or Niganer). They had the following children:
Alexander STEWART, 4th of Ledcreich and Stronslany, b: ABT 1676 in Ledcreich, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Information on Alexander and his descendants is presented immediately below.
The Stewarts of Ledcreich also held the property of Stronslany at the mouth of Strathyre. Both properties are shown on the map below. (Ledcreich is not labelled.)
Ledcreich and Stronslany (Ledcreich is not labelled but is shown by the red circle at the left.)
River Balvaig viewed from Stronslany
© Copyright Mike and Kirsty Grundy and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
Alexander STEWART, 4th of Ledcreich and Stronslany, b: ABT 1676 in Ledcreich, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland, son of General Patrick Stewart, 3rd of Ledcreich and Stronslany, shown above. Alexander is recorded as the only child of General Patrick Stewart. Alexander married to Catherine STEWART in Glenogle, daughter of Alexander Stewart who was brother to Robert Stewart of Glenogle. They had the following children:
William STEWART. b. ABT 1711 in Ledcreich, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland. According to Stewart Clan Magazine William, younger brother of the above Robert, immigrated with his brother Patrick from Perthshire, Scotland as a widower with several children to North Carolina in 1739. He settled in Bladen County, North Carolina on the Cape Fear River. William later located near Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina with his third wife, the widow Jannett McDougal Williamson. For more information on William's North American descendants see Chuck Speed's report.
William married firstly to an UNKNOWN woman by whom he is believed to be the father of:
William married secondly ABT 1734 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland to Catherine COLVIN (or CALVIN) b: ABT 1693 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland. They had the following children:
Patrick never married but did have one natural son, by whom he was progenitor of Captain Madison Bachelor of Vicksburg, Mississippi, who was representative of that family in 1891. (SCM)
William married thirdly ABT 1760 in Bladen County, North Carolina, USA to Jannett McDougal WILLIAMSON b: ABT 1730 in unknown. She allegedly died in 1793 in Bladen County, North Carolina, USA at the age of 73 however this would have put her in her fifties when she was still having children which seems unlikely. They had the following children:
Patrick STEWART, 5th of Ledcreich, b: 7 FEB 1697 in Ledcreich, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland. Patrick, along with his brother William, and six Argyllshire gentlemen (land owners), together with three hundred other Highlanders (commoners) immigrated in 1739 to Cape Fear, North Carolina, (then still a British Colony). Several historical biographies relate that Patrick was a "staunch supporter of Bonnie Prince Charlie" and "when the Prince failed to establish himself on the throne, the Laird of Ledcreich severed his remaining ties with Scotland and sold his estate to a younger brother." (The Invincible (1913) incorrectly states that Patrick sold his estates after the failure of Prince Charlie and then immigrated in1739 -- a chronologically impossible claim as Prince Charles' Rising did not fail until 1756) From these accounts it would appear that Patrick maintained ownership of Ledcreich and Stronslany and made return trips to Scotland after 1739 until sometime shortly after 1756 when he sold Ledcreich and Stronslany to "a younger brother", since identified as Robert.
"During his lifetime Patrick Stewart corresponded with the members of his family who remained in Old Scotia. At long intervals, American cousins have visited the old manorial hall in Balgheidder (Balquhidder), and have been hospitably entertained on making themselves known." (The American Historical Register)
This first and second marriages of Patrick Stewart and the three daughters from these marriage are not recorded in any of the later genealogies of the Stewarts of Ledcreich, but the births are found in the Balquhidder Church records. The third daughter married and remained in Scotland. It is presumed that the first two daughters either died in childhood or also married and remained in Scotland and thus were unknown to their later American kin.
Patrick married firstly 1718 in Kirktown, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland to Jean STEWART b: ABT 1700 in Perthshire, Scotland.
Patrick Stewart married secondly 23 NOV 1728 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland to Katherine STEWART b: ABT 1700 in Perthshire, Scotland. They had the following child:
Patrick Stewart married thirdly on 31 OCT 1733 in Dull and Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland to Elizabeth MENZIES, daughter of Dr. Duncan Menzies, second son of Robert Menzies, second son of William Menzies of Carse, fourth son of Alexander Menzies of Weem (c/o Gordon McGregor). They had the following children:
Margaret Stewart married probably firstly (or secondly sources conflict) in Cheraws District, South Carolina, USA to Thomas STEWART b: ABT 1730 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland, allegedly as the son of Dougald Stewart in Balquhidder. Margaret and Thomas Stewart had the following child:
Margaret married probably secondly AFT 1755 in North Carolina, USA to John CARRAWAY , b: ABT 1730 in Unknown. They had the following children:
Catherine Stewart married secondly in JUL 1774 in Cheraw District, South Carolina, USA to John SPEED b: ABT 1745 in North Carolina, USA. They had the following children Further descendant information is available from Chuck Speed:
Abstracts of deeds for Montgomery Co., Tennessee (Book O, pg.220, 1835) show that William Speed deeded to Charles S. Speed on Dec. 20, 1834, 86 acres on Spring Creek. This was an original land grant from the state of N. Carolina to David Lewis and later sold. Proved Jan. 19, 1835 by Wm. Speed. These records also show that Charles S. Speed deeded to Wm. D. Merriweather (Book S, pg.21) on Dec. 24, 1840, 86 acres on Spring Creek for $450. Proved by oath of witness Jan. 4, 1841.
Sometime before the 1850 census, Nancy Speed, the widow of James Stuart Speed, moved in with the family of her son, Charles Stuart Speed. Charles had moved to Weakley County, Tennessee sometime between 1841 and 1850. The 1850 Weakley County census showed Charles (age 33) , his wife, Martha (age 32), a twin son and daughter, Mary and George (age 4), a son, Robert (age 5), and Charlesí mother, Nancy (age 65).
Unfortunately, Charles Stuart Speed died on 26 August 1856 leaving his wife, Martha, to raise five children. Twins Mary (called Puss) and George were eight years old, son Robert was five years old, Henry Lewis (called Lute) was three years old, and the youngest son, Charles, was ten months old. This left Martha Cowell Speed with a formidable task in raising their young family alone. Charles was buried at Pleasant Hill Cemetery located across from the Pleasant Hill Missionary Baptist Church formed in 1835 just south of Martin, TN at the intersection of Troy Road and Pleasant Hill Road. This was quite near the old Speed farm between Troy Road and Mud Creek just west of Hwy 45E.
When I first found my great great grandfather's grave, the top half of the tombstone was missing and you could not read the name. I had a local monument company probe the ground around the grave and they found the missing upper half of the tombstone. I then had an additional marker made and, along with the upper half of the original tombstone, had both placed in cement on the grave. I had my own name also placed in the marker in hopes that some other family member who might be researching this family line, would contact me if they saw who placed it there. I have since had two contacts made by distant cousins researching relatives buried in that old cemetery.
Charles Stuart Speed married on 10 JAN 1847 in Weakley County, Tennessee, USA to Martha Ann COWELL b: 19 JAN 1819 in Alabama, USA. They had four children, including:
Henry was called "Lewis" or "Lute". He was four years old when his father, Charles S. Speed, died leaving his mother with five children to raise. Although this early history does not reveal much of the detail of how they managed to survive, letters from cousins described how several related families by marriage would share a closeness and live within a close proximity of each other. Just as the Stewarts, Speeds, Brantlys, and Browns intermarried and supported each other in their move from North Carolina to Montgomery County, Tennessee, so too did the Speeds, Cowells, Waggeners, Coles, and Baldridges in their move from Montgomery County to Weakley County.
Following Martha Cowell Speedís death in 1872, it appears that the four brothers and one sister stayed near Martin, Tennessee in Weakley County until the late 1870's. On 24 August 1877, Henry Lewis Speed married Ada J. Waggener. Family records indicate that Ada died shortly after that during childbirth. Neither mother or child survived.
The three brothers and one sister all then moved to Denton County, Texas and are shown in the 1880 census for Denton County. A notation in the census indicates that George Speed, Mary Speedís twin, had died a year earlier. Living in one household at that time was Henry Lewis Speed (my great grandfather), his sister, Mary Speed, and youngest brother, Charles Speed, along with deceased George Speedís widow, Anne Lewis Speed, and their daughter, Florence Speed, and Anneís mother, Martha Lewis. In this census, Henryís occupation is shown as farmer. Anneís occupation is shown as housekeeper and Mary Speed is shown as assistant. Robert Stuart Speed and his wife, Cally Burgess Speed, were living in Denton County as a separate household.
During the 1880's, life for this Speed family was changing rapidly. Henry Lewis Speed married Lucy Florence Abbott on 13January 1884 in Denton County. Henry or "Lute" as his brothers and sister called him had already suffered a severe loss from his first marriage back in Weakley County to his cousin, Ada J. Waggener, when she died sometime in 1878 of child birth with the child not surviving either. Henry and Lucy Florence Abbott were married by Sylvestor Mosaly, a preacher and new husband to Henryís sister, Mary, having married just a year before on 11 March 1883. During 1884, Robert Stuart Speed moved his family to Fort Worth, Texas where they lived until around 1890. Robert and his family then moved to Washita County, Oklahoma where they homesteaded at the time of the Oklahoma land rush. Charles Speed never married and died in Denton or Dallas County on 16-July-1889. Little is known about how he died or where he is buried. Nothing is known of whatever became of George Speedís widow, Anne Lewis Speed, and their daughter, Florence Speed.
During the 1880's, Henry Lewis Speed and Lucy Florence Abbott started their family with their first son, Charles Griffin Speed born in Elzabethtown, Denton County, Texas born on 16-February-1885. Over the next ten to twelve years, the family grew in number and moved from Denton County to Baylor County and to Archer County each time pursuing better farm land at cheaper prices. The other children born during this time were Clara Lavina Speed born 16 October 1887 and died as an infant on 9 August 1888, Edward Lewis Speed (my grandfather) born 26 July 1889, Mable Florence Speed born 8 February 1892, and Mary Bulah Speed born 4 December 1894. Each child was born in a different location as the family migrated west. Clara was born in Denton County, Edward was born in Argyle, Denton County, Mable was born in Baylor County, and Bulah was born in Archer City, Archer County. Baylor and Archer Counties are located south of Wichita Falls, Texas.
In 1897, Henry Lewis Speed is shown in land records to have homesteaded on land near Cordell, Oklahoma in Washita County. His last and youngest child, Esther Catherine Speed, was born 24 October 1899 in Cordell. Henry Lewis Speed lived there for approximately ten years when he sold his farm and homestead for $1,600 on 18 March 1908 and moved his family to Clarendon, Texas.
On 21 March 1917, Henry Lewis Speed died at his home. He had been suffering from a bad flu weeks earlier but had decided to get up out of bed to prepare his garden for spring seeding. Soon he was back in bed experiencing a relapse of the illness. When it became apparent that he was taking a turn for the worse, Henry called his family to his bedside. My grandfather, Ed Speed, always told us the story of how his father made him promise that he would marry and have sons. He was deeply concerned that his Speed line would end without male descendants to carry on the name. At the time, Edís brother, Charlie was married to Mary Eugenia Moore and had two daughters, Edith Clara Speed born 26 July 1910 and Catherine (Kitty) Leota Speed born 20 October 1912. Years later, my grandfather Ed would get tears in his eyes when he would tell this story and he would be emotional about how his only son, Homer Charles Speed, had three sons to carry on his Speed line.
Henry Speed married on 13 JAN 1884 in Denton County, Texas, USA to Lucy Florence ABBOTT b: 10 SEP 1864 in Cook County, Texas, USA. They had several children including:
Edward Lewis Speed (nicknamed Ed) grew up as a young man at the family homestead in Cordell, Oklahoma. After visiting Clarendon, Texas around 1906 during the July 4th celebration, he convinced his father Henry Lewis Speed to move there in 1907-08. Ed and his brother Charles shared a successful construction business in the Clarendon area for a number of years. Ed later entered into a father & son construction partnership with his only son, Homer Charles Speed. All members of this family are buried in Clarendon.
Edward Speed married 28 OCT 1915 in Clarendon, Texas, USA to Bertie HARDIN b: 5 JUL 1897 in Maypearl, Texas, USA. They had three children, including:
Homer served as a Captain in the US Army Air Corps. until discharged. His early career was shared in a construction company partnership with his father Ed Speed. In later years, Homer became involved in the then beginning auto air-conditioning industry. He worked in the Kansas City area as Regional Sales Manager for the early auto ac sales company, NOVI. Homer later returned to the Amarillo, Tx. area where he remained in the ac business until his death. Homer married June Ruth MILLER b: Private. They had the following children:
Marriage Certificate for James Stuart and Lucretia
Robert STEWART, 7th of Ledcreich, b: ABT 1705 in Ledcreich, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland. According to Stewart Clan Magazine, Robert, the "younger brother of the above Patrick, is said to have purchased the estate of Ledcreich, in south-western Perthshire, of Patrick, about 1746." SCM elsewhere contradicts this statement saying that Patrick sold the lands of Ledcreich to John Stewart of Benmore (later laird of Glenbuckie). However, the birth of Robert's son John in Ledcreich in 1753 would favour the position that Patrick did sell Ledcreich to Robert who, in turn, later sold it to John Stewart of Benmore. Certainly the lands of Ledcreich were part of the Glenbuckie estate sold by John Lorne Stewart, last of Glenbuckie in 1848. Robert is recorded as having issue. Balquhidder OPR reveals that Robert Stewart married 17 FEB 1739 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland to Janet DRUMMOND-alias-MCGRIGOR and had the following children:
Betrice STEUART, bap. 10 JAN 1740 in Cuill, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Margaret STEUART, bap. 18 AUG 1743 in Cuill, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Beatrix STEUART, bap. 9 APR 1746 in Cuill, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
John STEUART, bap. 14 AUG 1747 in Cuill, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Alexander STEUART, bap. 3 APR 1750 in Cuill, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Jean STEUART, bap. 6 MAR 1752 in Cuill, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Helen STEUART, bap. 31 MAY 1754 in Cuill, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland. She is likely the Helen Stewart who married on 18 JUN 1774 as the second wife of Duncan FERGUSON. More information on this family can be found here: http://www.hostmybb.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?p=714&mforum=stewart#714
David STEWART, bap. 18 JUN 1755 in Dunan?, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Duncan STEUART, bap. 09 SEP 1756 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
Jannet STEUART, bap. 10 AUG 1758 in Stronslany, Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland.
For a more complete accounting of the Stewarts of Ledcreich including many of their American descendants, please see Chuck Speed's Report on the Stewarts of Ledcreich and our transcription of the Stewart Clan Magazine.
Dugald STEWART, b ABT 1700 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland. Dugald may be from the Stewarts of Tulloch or Ledcreich, but this is merely a guess. Dugald Stewart is listed in 1740 as receiving a land grant in Bladen County for 640 acres, in which he is listed immediately following Patrick Stewart of Ledcreich. Dugald is also listed as settling in Harnett County in 1740 (probably the same place.) According to Stewart of Ledcreich sources, Dougald's son, Thomas, married into the Stewart of Ledreich family.
Lieut. John? STEWART, b abt 1710 in Balquhidder? His exact name is unknown. His son James married Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of Patrick Stewart, 5th of Ledcreich, who is described as his "cousin". Therefore it would appear we have evidence of another branch of the Ledcreich family who immigrated to North Carolina, but for whom we do not know their exact relationship. Among the list of convicted Jacobites in 1745 we find a reference to "STEWART, JOHN, Lieutenant, of Ledcreich, Balquhidder, Duke of Perth's [Regiment]". We have no other record of this John Stewart in any other sources. He would fit as a younger son of Alexander Stewart, 4th of Ledcreich, previously undiscovered, who perhaps emigrated to be with his brothers after being arrested in 1746.
(Bladen was later subdivided into Anson, Bladen, Cumberland, Moore, Richmond, Robeson, and Sampson Counties.)
The following Stewarts are listed in the Bladen County Tax Rolls for 1763. http://www.melungeons.com/genealogy/1763_nc_bladen_tax.html
James and John Stewart are listed in the tax rolls for 1755 in Harnett, Cumberland County, NC
Thomas Stewart is listed in 1753 registering his land in Harnett.
James Stewart is listed in 1812 as a private in the 2nd Cumberland Regiment.
1769, Daniel Boone and John Stewart from North Carolina explored Kentucky. http://www.archive.org/stream/historicalaccoun00macluoft/historicalaccoun00macluoft_djvu.txt
Allen Stewart in Cape Fear in 1776
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