The Stewarts of Hythie, Old Deer, Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
An Illegitimate Cadet Branch of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich
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The Stewarts of Hythie, Old Deer, Buchan, Aberdeenshire, Scotland were an illegitimate cadet branch of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich. They descend from Donald Stewart, an illegitimate grandson of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich, who fought in the Appin Regiment at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. Donald was recorded as having died at Culloden, but, in fact, he survived and went into hiding for a number of years and eventually settled in Hythie, Aberdeen, Scotland where his descendants remained for at least another five generations before scattering across the globe.
Ruined cottage at Middle Hythie
� Copyright Ken Fitlike and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
Hythie is a small farm settlement located in Old Deer parish, just east of the village of Fetterangus. It is located in the ancient Earldom of Buchan in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Hythie is located about 6 miles WNW of the major port town of Peterhead. From ancient times to the present, Peterhead has been a major fishing port. In modern times it also became a major centre for the offshore oil industry. The area is also rich in history.
The Earldom of Mar and Buchan formed one of the seven original Scottish Earldoms or Mormaerdoms. The two Earldoms were later separated from each other. In the days before the Scottish Wars of Independence, the ancient Earldom of Buchan was held by the Comyn family, who were bitter enemies of King Robert The Bruce and it was in the district of Deer that Edward Bruce, brother of Robert The Bruce, finally defeated the Comyns. After which the Earldom was forfeited and became a royal possession. It was later granted in the 14th century to Alexander Stewart "The Wolf of Badenoch", Earl of Buchan, son of King Robert II, the first Stewart king. After the death of the Wolf of Badenoch, the Earldom of Buchan was assumed by his elder brother, Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany and Regent of Scotland, who passed the Earldom to his son, Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, from whom descends the Stewarts of Balquhidder. Murdoch was later forfeited and executed by his cousin, King James I upon the king's release from his long English imprisonment. The Earldom of Buchan again lay vacant until it was bestowed on Sir James "The Hearty" Stewart, younger brother of King James II. The Earldom was held by his heirs until the 17th century when it passed by marriage into the family of Erskine who hold it to this day.
In the time of Donald Stewart's settling in Hythie, the Earl of that day was Henry David Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan (1710-1767). As we find no record of any forfeiture in 1745 it is presumed that the Erskines were Hanoverians and not Jacobites.
For more information on the Earldom of Buchan please go here.
The district of Deer within the Earldom of Buchan was allegedly given its name by St. Columba around the year 580 on a visit to Aberdour after the occasion of a miraculous healing. A Columban monastery was founded which lasted until the reign of King David I in the 12th century. The district of Deer was later divided into Old Deer and New Deer, the former becoming a parish seat.
For more information on the parish of Old Deer please go here.
The farmstead of Hythie is located in the parish of Old Deer, just east of the village of Fetterangus. The farmstead of Hythie includes the lesser farms of Newton of Hythie, Middle Hythie and Nether Hythie. A photo of the remains of the cottage at Middle Hythie is shown above and is the only photo we presently have of Hythie. Whether any of the Stewarts of Hythie ever occupied the cottage in the photo is not known, but it would likely date from the era of their ownership and would have been on their property.
Hythie in Old Deer parish
There is a certain degree of confusion and uncertainty surrounding the origin of the Stewarts of Hythie. The Stewarts of Hythie can be traced with certainty back to Donald Stewart, 1st of Hythie. Donald was described in very early family tradition as a "former laird" who held an estate named "Ballyhallan" at "the mouth of the Highlands." The early family traditions were recounted by Donald's grandson, Alexander Stewart, to his son George who committed them to paper for our preservation. As these traditions find their oral source only two generations removed from the actual subject and were committed to written form only one generation later then we consider them to be fairly reliable, albeit not entirely free from error or slight confusion.
George Stewart wrote that his great-grandfather Donald had been Governor of Doune Castle in the name of Bonnie Prince Charlie during The Jacobite Rising of 1745, and that he had been the inspiration for one of the main characters in Sir Walter Scott's novel, Waverly. The tradition claimed that Donald was forfeited after The '45 for siding with the Jacobites and that he had to "take to the hills" wandering in hiding for several years until it was safe to settle down again. At which time he acquired the farmstead of Hythie in Buchan.
Donald's great-grandson, George Stewart (1799-1882) upon learning of this tradition from his father set out to research it in more depth and try to ascertain the exact location of his family's pre-'45 holdings. All he had to go on were the facts that his great-grandfather was named Donald Stewart, that he had held Doune Castle for the Jacobites during the Rising, and that he was laird of a farmstead called "Ballyhallan." Upon checking a map he discovered the farmstead of Ballochallan located not far from Doune Castle and concluded (probably correctly) that Ballochallan and Ballyhallan must be the same place.
In support of the family tradition we find that there is a Donald Stewart recorded in the Muster Rolls of The '45 as being the son of "David Stewart of Ballochallan." This Donald was recorded as having died at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.
Ballochallan (upper left) located about 8 miles NW of Doune Castle (lower right) was held by the Stewarts of Annat (shown as Annet, upper-mid)
The difficulty in correctly identifying the origin of this family comes from the styling of Donald Stewart as being "laird of Ballochallan" and/or son of "David Stewart of Ballochallan." There was indeed a family of Stewarts residing at Ballochallan throughout the 18th century. And there was a David Stewart of Ballochallan alive at the time of the Battle of Culloden: namely David Hume Stewart, 3rd of Ballochallan. David Hume Stewart's grandfather, Duncan Stewart acquired the lands of Ballochallan from Walter Graham of Ballochallan in 1664. Duncan Stewart, 1st of Ballochallan, was a younger son of John Stewart, 2nd of Annat. A more detailed account of the Stewarts of Ballochallan can be found on our Stewarts of Annat page. The Stewarts of Annat were a major cadet branch of the Stewarts of Ardvorlich who were the chief family of the Stewarts of Balquhidder.
The estate of Ballochallan passed in clean succession from Duncan Stewart, 1st of Ballochallan, to his son George Stewart, 2nd of Ballochallan, to his son David Hume Stewart, 3rd of Ballochallan, who had no children and who passed the estate on to his nephew, George Home-Stewart, 4th of Ballochallan. We don't know exactly when David Hume Stewart died, but his nephew and heir, George, was not born until about 1745 and appears not to have inherited his uncle's estates until after he reached the age of majority. Thus David Hume Stewart must have lived until long after the Jacobite Rising.
David Hume Stewart was an ambitious and probably even greedy man who had not only inherited Ballochallan but had also inherited the estate of Argaty from his father and was intent on expanding his holdings. To this end he purchased the estate of Annat from his cousin and attempted to purchase the estate of Ardvorlich, but was rebuffed. Through David's acquisitions, his descendants became one of the most financially prosperous branches of our Stewart clan. David would have been loathe to put his vast estates at risk by siding with the Jacobites, even without the benefit of hindsight. The fact that David held his estates before, during and after the Jacobite Rising and was never forfeited firmly suggests that he was not a Jacobite. We know that David's brother, George Home-Stewart had strong Jacobite sympathies, but George was politically astute enough to play both sides without losing his own vast estates -- literally by supporting the Rising from his American estates through his sons, while opposing the Rising personally from his Scottish estates.
David Hume Stewart is recorded as having died without issue -- he had no legitimate children. It is possible to suggest that he could have had an illegitimate son named Donald who was a Jacobite, but without being legitimized he would never have been heir of Ballochallan, and there is no record of any such son nor any such act of legitimizing. Furthermore, David Hume Stewart of Ballochallan and Donald Stewart, latterly of Hythie, were almost the same age. In fact, Donald may actually have been slightly older. Thus it is chronologically impossible for Donald Stewart, latterly of Hythie, to be a son of David (Hume) Stewart of Ballochallan as the Jacobite Muster Rolls show and as early family tradition maintains. There must be some error in this association.
Perhaps it could be suggested that Donald was an elder brother of David Hume Stewart who had initially inherited Ballochallan prior to The '45 and was forfeited or presumed deceased (as he was so-recorded) and the estate passed in 1746 to his non-Jacobite brother David Hume Stewart. And perhaps the Muster Rolls and the later family tradition somehow confused Donald's father with his brother. This is an elegant theory that is perhaps possible, but, the records of the Stewarts of Ballochallan are fairly well-preserved and there is absolutely no record of David Hume Stewart having any elder brother named Donald. It would also be very difficult (though not impossible) to fit such a brother into the accounting of that family.
George Stewart, great-grandson of Donald Stewart, 1st of Hythie, described Donald as "the last laird of Ballochallan." We can say with absolute certainty that this claim is incorrect. The estate of Ballochallan continued in the same family into the mid-19th century, post-Donald Stewart. Donald Stewart was never a laird of Ballochallan and could never have been.
If Donald Stewart could not have been a laird of Ballochallan nor a son of David Stewart of Ballochallan, then where did he come from?
If we look to the other clue in the family history -- that he was allegedly Governor of Doune Castle during the Jacobite Rising -- then we might find our answer. The governorship of Doune Castle during the Jacobite Rising is unclear and we have not as yet found documentation to settle the matter. However, we do know that prior to the Rising, the governorship of Doune Castle was held by James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich, who was also Chamberlain to the Earl Moray and Justice of the Peace for Perthshire. The Earl of Moray was the owner of Doune Castle. James Stewart of Ardvorlich was his senior administrator.
James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich, had four sons among whom he appears to have tried to divide his estates and titles somewhat evenly:
David Stewart, above, son of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich, and Forester of Glen Finglas had an illegitimate son named Donald Stewart who is described in Stewarts of the South as the "promising youth [who] was slain at the unfortunate battle of Culloden". The Muster Rolls of The '45 show no listing of any Donald Stewart, son of David Stewart in Glen Finglas. They do, however, show the listing, noted above, for Donald Stewart, son of David Stewart of Ballochallan. As there was no such person as "Donald Stewart son of David Stewart of Ballochallan" we believe the entry in the Muster Roll to be a mistaken reference to Donald Stewart, son of David Stewart, Forester of Glen Finglas.
Donald Stewart, son of David Stewart, Forester of Glen Finglas, was the same age as Donald Stewart, latterly of Hythie. His grandfather was the Governor of Doune Castle. His father was believed to be the Governor of Doune Castle and was arrested as a Jacobite. It stands to reason that there's a very good chance Donald could have acted in his father's capacity as Governor of Doune Castle during the Rising. At the very least, here we have a family in whom the office of Governor of Doune Castle was vested with a David Stewart and his son Donald who were both Jacobites, and who is a chronological match for Donald Stewart, latterly of Hythie.
It seems very reasonable to suggest that the Muster Rolls somehow made an error in accounting for Donald as being a son of David Stewart "of Ballochallan" when we know no such person could have existed. It is entirely possible that David Stewart, Forester of Glen Finglas, being a reasonably close cousin of the Stewarts of Ballochallan, could have resided at Ballochallan, in which case he should properly have been styled "in Ballochallan" rather than "of Ballochallan," But we have no record of where he actually resided so such is merely speculation. Either way, if we discount the clearly erroneous styling "of Ballochallan" from the record of the Muster Rolls then we are left with a "Donald Stewart, son of David Stewart" who came from near Doune and it would seem we have a match.
The only challenge here is that this Donald Stewart is recorded as having died at Culloden. This is a simple obstacle to overcome if we interpret "died" as "not found alive and presumed dead." If Donald indeed had survived Culloden and had in fact acted as Rebel Governor of Doune Castle during the Rising, or at the very least was the son of the next best candidate for the Rebel Governor of Doune Castle, then Donald would have been highly sought after for arrest and execution. He would have had a very compelling motive to either create the illusion of his own death or at least to do absolutely nothing to dispel any such mistaken impression. If the Hanoverian government believed Donald was dead then they would not be looking for him and there was a better chance that he could survive in hiding and perhaps one day come down from the hills and resume a normal life...
...perhaps far to the east, in Aberdeenshire, in the Earldom of Buchan, on a farm called Hythie.
It is the opinion of the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Group that Donald Stewart, latterly of Hythie, is indeed the illegitimate son of David Stewart, Forester of Glen Finglas and likely Governor of Doune Castle, and grandson of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich, Governor of Doune Castle.
And thus we now begin our accounting of the Stewarts of Hythie with Donald Stewart, who, according to his own grandson, was a Jacobite fugitive who was allegedly Governor of Doune Castle and took to the hills in hiding until it was safe to emerge and then acquired the farmstead of Hythie.
Donald STEWART 1st of Hythie b: ABT 1715 in probably Glen Finglas, Callander, Perthshire, Scotland. MacGregor indicates Donald was a natural son, so his real mother is unknown. Donald served in the Appin Regiment during the '45 and was presumed killed at the battle of Culloden.
From Stewarts of the South: "Next David his brother was Tenant in Glenfinglas (and sometimes in Macorriston) was Forrester to the Earl of Murray he was married to a daughter of Steward of Balled widow of Campbell of Lochdochard by whom he had one son - he was a promising youth he was slain at the unfortunate battle of Culloden."
However recent research has revealed that Donald did not perish at Culloden, but fled to Hythie, Aberdeen where his descendants lived for a further 100 years before emigrating to England and Canada.
Robert Stewart Clark of Guelph had an "In Memoriam" card as follows: "In affectionate memory of John Stewart, son of Alexander Stewart of Aberdour, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, great-grandson of Donald Stuart (sic) of Ballochallan, Perthshire, Governor of Doune Castle for Prince Charles Edward 1745...."
Recollections from Donald's great-grandson, George Stewart (1799-1882), include: "I can remember that when I was a very little boy, my father told us that his grandfather was a laird; and lost his land by joining Prince Charles; and wandered about from place to place with our grandfather (then a boy) to conceal themselves until at last they settled at Hythie some time after the rebellion was over.... I was told that the name of [the former estate] was "Bally-hallen" and that it was in the mouth of the highlands." This recollection fits well with the story of Donald Stewart and picks up on the confusion with the Stewarts of Ballachallan. George goes on to conclude that his ancestor was "Donald Stuart, governor of Doune Castle" for Prince Charles during the '45 and was "the last Stewart laird of Ballachallan near Doune". One look at the correct family of Ballachallan will show the connection to Ballachallan to be impossible. However, the reference to "governor of Doune Castle" is consistent with Donald Stewart, son of David Stewart, Forester of Glen Finglas and Governor of Doune Castle, and son of James Stewart, 4th of Ardvorlich and Governor of Doune Castle.
Later in George's letters he indicates that Donald Stewart was buried in the churchyard at Fetterangus without any monumental stone to mark the spot.
Donald was father of:
William STEWART 2nd of Hythie b: ABT 1735 in Perthshire, Scotland. William's identity was recorded by his grandson, George Stewart, in the family history written in 1848. William's date of birth is given in family records as 1754, but that is chronologically impossible. His first son was allegedly born in 1770 and even that date is questionably late. The IGI reveals a birth for an Alexander Stewart, bap 9 DEC 1762 in Old Deer, son of William Stewart and Jean Warrender. The original film has not yet been consulted to verify place of birth. However IGI and census records show that there was no other Stewart family in Old Deer parish except this one until the mid-19th century. Thus it seems nearly certain that this entry pertains to this William and is likely the correct birth for his son Alexander. This would make the likely birth for his eldest son John more likely to be ca. 1760 and William's birth to be more likely ca. 1735. Such a date fits better with the family tradition that William was with his father while his father was living as a fugitive and would thus have been born prior to 1745. William was father of:
Additional information yet to be added can be found here: http://www.hostmybb.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?p=2126&mforum=stewart#2126
Hythie - showing the other crofts occupied by various branches of this family at various times. "Upper Hythie" the main holding of this family is not identified as such on modern maps but it may be the same place shown as "Hythie House" on the close-up map on the right and circled on the left, however Hythie House does not appear on 19th century maps as a residence at all. The village of Deer is shown on modern maps as "Old Deer." Mains of Kininmonth, where the widow of James Stewart, 5th and Last of Hythie, moved to with her second husband is located across the parish boundary in Lonmay parish. Thus the other Lonmay births shown below may also have occurred at or near Kininmonth.
John STEWART 3rd of Hythie b: 1770 in Hythie, Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. John Stewart's nephew, George Stewart wrote a family history in 1848 in which John is described as "John Stewart, my uncle, lived in the family cottage [at Hythie] and died some years ago having five or six sons and I believe one daughter. I believe one of the sons still lives in the same cottage and one is dead and the others live in the neighbourhood with large families." An examination of IGI baptism and marriage records as well as census records for 1841-1861 reveals a family that is an exact match for the description above. Furthermore the same documents reveal that virtually all persons with the surname of Stewart who resided in Old Deer parish from the mid-18th through the mid-19th centuries can be accounted for in this family. That is, it appears that with the exception of a few strays, it appears that the Stewarts of Hythie comprised the only Stewart family in the parish of Old Deer. The descendants of John Stewart shown here are not confirmed but are presented with the preceding qualifiers in mind. John Stewart is not found in the 1841 census or any subsequent census records which is consistent with his nephew's description in 1848 that John died "several years ago." John's widow, Jean Leighton, can be found in 1841 and 1851 residing at Upper Hythie and shown as a crofter of 3 acres. She is residing adjacent to her eldest son James. In the 1841 and 1851 census records Hythie is sometimes accounted as being in Banffshire. John married on 05 JUL 1798 in Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland to Jean LEIGHTON b: 1772 in Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. They had the following children:
James STEWART 4th of Hythie b: 23 APR 1799 in Pitscow, Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. In 1841 James was residing at Upper Hythie, Old Deer, Aberdeenshire (Banffshire), Scotland with his wife and children. He was a crofter. In 1851 James was residing at Upper Hythie with his wife and children and was working as a crofter and vintner. His brother Alexander was residing on the adjacent croft of Milltown of Gaval and was also working as a vintner. In 1861 James is not found and his widow was residing at Hythie with her children and was working as a crofter of 11 acres. James married on 18 JUL 1824 in Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland to Dorothea SANGSTER b: 29 MAY 1804 in Lonmay, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, daughter of Basil Sangster and Christian Presley. James and Dorothy had the following children:
James STEWART 5th and Last of Hythie b: 27 APR 1830 in Pitscow, Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. James first recorded child was born in 1863 in Brazil. Given the gap between his marriage in Aberdeen in 1859 and Jane's birth, it would seem likely that James and Isabella probably had at least one other child while in Brazil who did not survive. The reason for their move to Brazil is not known. However the reason for their short stay and quick return back to Scotland seems to be coincident with the death of James' father, so it would seem likely they returned home for James to assume ownership of Hythie. An online family tree gives James' date of death as 1872 however his wife is shown as widowed in the 1871 census, so his date of death may be incorrect. James widow was residing in 1871 at Upper Hythie with her five children all under age 10. Isabella married secondly on 7 APR 1877 in Strichen, Aberdeen, Scotland to James ANGUS, b 1837 in Longside, Aberdeenshire and moved to Kininmonth, Old Deer, where James Angus was a crofter of 14 acres. Hythie passed out of Stewarts hands after five generations. James Stewart married on 17 FEB 1859 in Strichen Parish, Aberdeenshire, Scotland to Isabella HEMINGWAY b: 1834 in Strichen Parish, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. They had the following children:
(New) Aberdour shown in proximity to Hythie (shown at the red circle) and Old Deer. Also shown is Pitsligo where Alexander's wife, Marjory Brebner was from.
Alexander STEWART in (New) Aberdour b: 1772 in Hythie, Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, shown above as a son of William Stewart, 2nd of Hythie. According to family records, Alexander was born in Aberdour (now called New Aberdour), Aberdeenshire, Scotland, however this is unlikely and is more likely a confusion with his later residence. Alexander's birth family owned Hythie in Old Deer parish and Alexander's first two children were both born in Old Deer parish (probably at Hythie) and it was not until sometime between 1801-1810 that Alexander appears to have moved to Aberdour. Thus, Alexander was far more likely to have been born at Hythie in Old Deer. According to the memoirs of Alexander's son, George Stewart, Alexander died at Copland Hill near Peterhead and is buried in the parish churchyard at Fetterangus. Alexander married on 31 DEC 1795 in Strichen, Pitsligo, Aberdeenshire, Scotland to Marjory May BREBNER/BREMNER b: 07 NOV 1773 in Pitsligo, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, daughter of Peter Brebner and Sarah Lovey. They had the following children:
Notes in the Bernard Stewart Collection: "Transcription on a tombstone erected to grandfather by uncle Alexander at "name not given" (written in a different hand). Erected by Alexander Stewart Copeland Hill in memory of his affectionate father, Alexander Stewart who died 22nd Feb 1839 age 74 years. Also in memory of the obve named Alexander Stewart of Copeland Hill who died 16th Nov 1841 aged 31 years. Also of his two daughters who died in infancy. Also of his mother May Bremner who died 31 Dec 1847 aged 74 years. Also of his son Alexander Stewart who died 29th Aug 1855 in the 18 year of his age, Copeland Hill, Peterhead.
A tombstone was erected to William Stewart, the son of the Last Laird of Ballahallan or Ballochallan (who was also the last hereditary Governor of Doune Castle 1745-6) by his sons, John and Alexander in Fetterangus Churchyard. "John - eldest son of Wm had 6 children." (written in another hand.)
Alex'r Stewart, son of Wm the above, married at Old Deer (it is supposed) and two sons, John and George were born there, and then he removed to Aberdour on the sea coast to the north where his remaining children were born.
John Stewart, above named, came to England and married Sarah Stevens at St. Martins Church, London, April
Lochside, Middle Grange and Copland Hill where William Stewart (above) lived at various times.
Ealing is a suburb of Greater London
This line is being researched by Alun Morgan.
John STEWART b: 01 AUG 1797 in Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, shown above as the eldest son of Alexander Stewart in (New) Aberdour. John married on 10 APR 1825 in St. Martin's Church, London, England to Susan/Sarah STEVENS b: 1793 in Croydon, Surrey, England. Susan's parents are unknown. Susan is identifed as "Susan Stevens" in IGI records but "Sarah Stevens" in family corresponsidence. John and Susan had the following children:
Bernard Stewart's Tree (sic)
Click to Enlarge
George STEWART in Andover b: ABT 19 FEB 1799 in Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. In 1841 George was residing in Andover, Thruxton, Hampshire, England with his wife and daughter. His occupation was given as "M.S." In 1851 George was residing in Andover, Thruxton, Hampshire, England with his wife and daughter. He was employed as a gardener. In 1861 George was residing in Andover, Fyfield, Hampshire, England with his wife and was employed as a gardener. In 1871 George was residing in Andover, Thruxton, Hampshire, England with his wife and was employed as a gardener. In 1881 George was residing in Andover, Penton Mewsey, Hampshire, England by himself, employed as a retired gardener and steward. According to the IGI, George's marriage took place in Dorset, England, but the film in question contains the records of four parishes -- Blanford-Forum, Blandford-St. Mary's, Bloxworth and Bothenhampton and does not specify which parish the entry comes from. George was the author of the letters (found on our web site) from which much of the early family history was drawn. George married on 20 OCT 1833 in Dorset, England to Caroline Finch CAMP b: ABT 02 FEB 1812 in Totnes, Devon, England, daughter of John and Ann Camp. George and Caroline had one child:
The following letters written by George Stewart 1799-1882, son of Alexander Stewart, son of William Stewart, 2nd of Hythie. George wrote firstly to his sister Marjory and secondly to his nephew George Aloysius Stewart as he recounts the early family history.
Click to enlarge.
Submitted by Alun Morgan, whose wife is descended from George Aloysius Stewart.
This line is being researched by Malcolm Sissons.
Alexander STEWART of Copland Hill b: 08 JUN 1810 in New Aberdour, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
According to Malcolm Sisson's notes, Alexander owned Copland Hill, a farm formerly just to the west of Peterhead, which has since become subsumed by the town of Peterhead. Alexander is found in 1841 residing at Copland Hill with his wife, his sons Robert and Alexander, and his brother William. Alexander is recorded as "proprietor" of Copland Hill.Alexander married on 18 JUN 1835 in New Aberdour, Aberdeenshire, Scotland to Agnes WALKER b: ABT 22 NOV 1813 in New Aberdour, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. They had four children shown below. Then Alexander died in Nov. 1841. Agnes married secondly on 18 JUN 1846 in Peterhead, Aberdeen, Scotland to John FINNIE. They had six children together. Agnes' children by John Finnie are beyond the scope of this report. Alexander and Agnes had the following children:
Guelph, Ontario, Canada -- located about 40 miles west of Toronto
Robert Walker Stewart and family
Back: Agnes Celine Stewart, Robert Walker Stewart, Minerva May Stewart
Front: William Stewart, Isobella G. Wilson, Alexander W. Stewart
submitted by Malcolm Sissons
Robert married firstly on 20 MAR 1856 in St. Fergus, Banff, Scotland to Christian SMITH b: ABT 1836 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Her parents are unknown. There are no known children from this union. It is presumed that Christian Smith died as Robert emigrated very shortly after the marriage and married secondly on 04 OCT 1859 in Guelph, Wellington County, Ontario, Canada to Isobella G. WILSON b: 12 AUG 1841 in Rockwood, Nassagaweya Township, Halton County, Ontario, Canada, daughter of Samuel and Margaret Wilson. Robert and Isobella had the following children:
Gerald and his mother returned to Winnipeg in 1908 and lived in an apartment near the Winnipeg Winter Club, while Gerald began his study of law at the University of Winnipeg and graduated with his B.A. in 1911, and was called to the bar just before he left for the war.
Gerald had joined the 79th Cameron Highlanders of Canada. However, he was "taken on strength" with 19 other officers from the Camerons in March, 1915, as a lieutenant in the 52nd "New Ontario" Battalion, raised in Port Arthur, Ontario. They landed in England in late 1915. While in camp south of London, Gerald's friend Lord Frederic Hamilton arranged for Gerald to meet Arthur Conan Doyle who lived near by. Later, in 1916 while on leave, Gerald went to tea with the Bowes-Lyon family, including 16 year old Elizabeth, who later became the Queen (now Queen mother). He spent most of the war in the trenches, starting as lieutenant and listed as a machine gun officer in November 1915. He was promoted to captain on 17 October 1917 and to adjutant to Colonel Foster on 26 December 1917. His unit fought in the battles of Ypres, Mount Sorrel, the Somme, Vimy Ridge, Hill 70, Passchendaele, Amiens, Hindenburg line, Cambrai and Valenciennes. Gerald was wounded in one of the actions when he and his comrades were exposed to a German machine gun when the fog lifted. He was wounded in the stomach although his belt buckle took most of the damage. He served until December 1918 and was "evacuated" 10 February 1919 (i.e. he left the unit). He was awarded the Military Cross by King George V in 1919. Gerald continued his contact with Col. Foster who visited the Rutherford family in Winnipeg.
"Hope", as Gerald called her, took a boat to England at the end of the war where they were married in 1918 in London, at St. Margaret's church (since destroyed). Greta (Jackson) and her husband, Dr. Charles Bunn, attended the couple during the ceremony. Upon their return to Winnipeg, Gerald did law work with the soldier settlement board helping returned soldiers get on to farms and then started with the law firm of Aikens Loftus & Co. During the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919, at the request of the authorities, Gerald helped out on the rifle range, teaching some of the older men how to shoot.
Gerald and Hope lived in an apartment at the corner of Osborne and Roslyn Road where Margaret Hope ("Babs") was born on 15 October 1919. The young couple built a house at 200 Cambridge St. in 1923 where Nancy-Ruth ("Nance") was born on 10 November 1924. During these years, Nellie, the maid, also lived with the family. Gerald was a strict disciplinarian, a view not generally shared by his wife. He enjoyed sports such as swimming and squash.
In 1926, Gerald established his own law practice in the Somerset block and a few months later joined forces with Alfred Rosevear who was practising law in the same building. They took on a couple more partners, Mssrs. MacIntosh and Johnson, but had to dissolve the firm in about 1930 when they could not get enough clients. During the depression, Gerald went to work for the Debt Adjustment Board which involved farms which were bankrupt and trying to work out ways to keep the family on the farm. A year after he started, Gerald became Chairman, a job which he kept until 1940 when he went to Ottawa where he worked as counsel to the Controllers for the Department of Munitions and Supplies. He returned to Winnipeg in 1941 to take up work as legislative counsel to the Manitoba government. He continued his association with the Cameron Highlanders through the years.
The family spent most summers from 1932 on at the cottage they built on
Clearwater Bay, Lake of the Woods, Ontario, where they were neighbours of
the Fred Jacksons. Hope was stricken while at camp and later died, leaving
Gerald with a 16 year old Nancy-Ruth at home.
Gerald continued his career as Legislative Counsel, and revising the statutes of Manitoba, earning him the sobriquet of "Mr. Manitoba" among his colleagues of the Uniform Law Conference. He was also named Queen's Counsel. During this period, he also served as a major in the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders militia regiment. Gerald reached mandatory retirement age (of 65) in 1955 but carried on in this capacity as a "temporary" employee until 1968, and as Revising Officer until 1972 finally quitting at the age of 82.
After seventeen years as a widower, Gerald remarried to Amy de Jardin in 1959, and acquired a new step family. After retirement, Gerald did some contract work for the Government of British Columbia, revising statutes. Gerald and Amy also made a number of trips to Hawaii, where Amy passed away in February 1980. Gerald continued to live by himself, celebrating his 90th birthday in style at the Fort Garry Hotel, before finally passing away at the age of 96 on 15 July 1987. Gerald is buried in St. John's cemetary in Winnipeg, a city which he always considered to be the finest in the land
The following Stewarts are found in Old Deer parish and may belong to the above family:
George STEWART and Elspet THOMSON, m 5 DEC 1822 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland. (could be a first marriage for George Stewart later in Andover, but seems too young)
Janet STUART and James CUMINE, m 19 NOV 1825 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
Ann STEWART, b 1821 in Scotland, res 1841 in Middle Hythies, Deer, Banffshire, female servant to William Gall, b 1801 in Banffshire, farmer.
Jean STUART and John SINCLAIR, m 9 JUL 1835 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
Jean STEWART and Alexander MCKENZIE
Ann STUART and William LOGAN, m 29 DEC 1841 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
Alexander STEWART and Mary ANDERSON, m 22 NOV 1842 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
Agnes STEWART and George C SINCLAIR, m 16 JUN 1850 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
Jean STEWART and Charles RATTRAY
Isabella STUART and James HADDEN, m 4 JUN 1853 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
Margaret STUART and James MURISON
Jane STEWART and William GARDEN
Susan STEWART and John WILLIAMSON
Jane STEWART and Alexander GREIG, m 1 JUN 1854 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
James STEWART and Helen DUFF, m 16 NOV 1850 in Tyrie, Aberdeen, Scotland
Alexander STEWART and Anne YEATS, m 1 DEC 1859 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland. In 1861 Anne, b 1840 in Deer, Aberdeen, along with her son William was boarding at Auchmachar, Old Deer, in the home of James Yeats, b 1821 in Fyvie, Aberdeenshire, cooper, wife Ann, b 1816 in New Deer, Aberdeenshire, children: Alexander Yeats b 1852 in Deer, Aberdeenshire, William Yeats, b 1855 in Deer, Aberdeenshire, George Yeats, b 1859 in Deer, Aberdeenshire.
William STEWART and Helen MUNDIE
Robert STEWART and Elizabeth ROBBIE
James STEWART and Anne MITCHELL, m 21 JUN 1867 in Old Deer, Aberdeen, Scotland
John STEWART and Mary ROBERTSON
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ABT = "about" and is used in three ways:
Where it precedes a precise date of birth, such as "ABT 3 DEC 1855", then it means that the person was baptized on 3 DEC 1795, but his/her exact date of birth is unknown.
Where it precedes a semi-precise date of birth with the month only given, such as "ABT DEC 1855", then that means that the birth is recorded in the civil birth registrations for the quarter ending with that month. Thus the person's birth was registered sometime between the beginning of October 1855 and the end of December 1855, but no baptism record has been found nor any more precise birth record.
Where it precedes a year only, such as "ABT 1855", then it means that there is no information on the person's birth date at all and an educated guess has been made that he/she was probably born sometime around 1855.
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This page was last updated on May 06, 2011