Ft Mill, Catawba
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Ft. Mill, Catawba, SC.
Native American Catawba Nation
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The Columbia State, Columbia, S.C., August 1, 1900, page 2, columns 1 & 2.
               Catawba Indians Will Be Remembered
        Monument to Those Who Fought for the Confederacy
                     Dedicated at Fort Mill
            Fifty Indians From Reservation Present,
              Speech by Ben Harris, Monument Town

Special to the State:
     Fort Mill, July 31. -- For the fourth time in the history of 
     Fort Mill the citizens have assembled for the purpose of 
     unveiling a monument.  
     The first, to the Confederate Soldier, on December 22, 1891; 
     the second, to the women of the south, on the 21st day of May, 1895, 
     when Col. J. P. Thomas of Columbia delivered a scholarly address;  
     the third, to the faithful slaves of the south, unveiled on the 
     21st day of May, 1895, when Col. Polke Miller delivered a scholarly
        Today, in the presence of a large crowd, consisting of numbers 
     of Indians and many citizens of the surrounding community, the 
     monument to the Indians was open to inspection.  And Ben Harris, 
    a son of John Harris, one of the bravest members of the Twelfth 
    South Carolina, delivered the speech.  The speech was written by 
    himself and is a sepcimen of what an Indian can do.
       The Indians were given a fine dinner and deported themselves well.  
    The exercises opened with prayer at 11 o'clock.  The introductory 
    speech giving a history and reason for the monument was delivered 
    by the Rev. J. H. Thornwell.  Ben Harris, son of Confederate veteran, 
    then spoke. 
       He said love was the greatest thing in the world; illustrated 
    the love of God in creation and providence.  While other things 
    fail love lasts until the millenium.  Mortals attain much in life by
    love.  Paul says completion only beyond where earnot hear nor eye not 
    see.  Love makes the Indian a friend of the white man.  The Catawbas 
    never took part against him but helped him in all life, in all wars - 
    in the Revolution, and they send 20 braves to the Confederate war.  
    "Love prompted White and Spratt to build a monument to the Confederate 
    Indians.  Much thank them good men.  Indian love them.  If white man 
    had don Indian justice like White and Spratt good many of them would 
    have been educated and able to make good speech.  He declined to speak 
    at first, but wanted to express thanks for the monument.  
       Was glad Indian is now getting education. Fifty years from now 
    if wanted, Catawba he make good speech as white man.  Much thank to
    people for love shown us.  My forefathers show love by fighting and 
    give life; I show love try to make a speech.  All Indians grateful.  
    Long remember this day." 1
        Billy Harris then spoke as follows: 
    "Thank ladies for much big trouble done been take to give Indians 
     good dinner.  Catawbas never fight against white man but once since 
    creation; never fight no more against him.  Wish to thank everybody 
    for all kindness.  Takes grit for Indian to make speech.  
    No more take up time.  Much thank." 2
        Rev. A. L. Stough said May 26th, 1756, the first prohibition 
    petition on record, was sent by Chief Hagler to Justice Henley.  
    In 1652 the Catawbas had a population of 10,000; 3 now it is 75.  
    In 1802 to 1820 the State spent $900 for teaching and preaching 
    to Indians.
        Ben Harris told a joke of a fisherman to illustrate how the 
    Catawbas have shrunk.4 A photograph was taken of the Indians 
    standing around the monument. 
        Mr. Spratt sent conveyances to bring the Indians to Fort Mill.  
    Every attention was shown to them by citizens.
        The monuments to the women of the Confederacy and to the 
    faithful slaves were erected by Captain S. E. White.  
    The Confederate monument was erected by Jefferson Davis association
    and Is largely due to the efforts of J. M. Spratt, who for his 
    efficient services (being too young to be in the army) was 
    unanimously elected honorary member of a camp and of its executive
    committee.  The monument to the Catawba Indians was erected by 
    S. E. White and J. M. Spratt. 
       In the corner-stone was palced a list of all the Indians on 
    the reservation, some 75 in number, also arrowheads, arrow points, 
    pots, jars and Confederate relics.
        The monument to the Indians is of limestone, 10-1/2 fee high, 
    on a brick foundation 4 feet high.  The die has carved on bass 
    relief on one side a prairie scene, with a buffalo in the
    foreground, and on the opposite side a woodland scene, with a 
    drove of wild turkeys feeding in their blissful forest home, 
    the whole surmounted by an Indian statue crouching by a broken stump
    with drawn bow, as if in the act of felling the stag.  

     The following inscription is on the front of the die:
                             to the
                        Catawba Indians
                       Sam'l Elliot White
                       James McKee Spratt
        The latter is a descendant of Thomas "Kanawha" Spratt and the 
   former a descendant of William Elliot, two of the first settlers in 
   this portion of the Indian land (1755).
        On the rear die is the following: 
   "The Catawba Indians, though a war-like nation, were ever
    friends of the white settlers.  They aided and fought with 
    the Americans in the Revolution, and the Confederates in 
    the Civil War.  Tradition says they immigrated to this 
    portion of South Carolina from Canada about 1600, numbering 
    some 12,000. 5 Their wars with the Cherokee, Shawnee and
    other nations, together with the smallpox, depleted their 
    numbers greatly.  In 1764 the province of South Carolina 
    allotted them 15 miles square in York and Lancaster counties.  
    About 1840 a new treaty was made, the State buying all their 
    land, and afterwards laid them off 800 acres on the west 
    bank of the Eswa Tavora (Catawba River), six miles south 
    of Fort Mill, where the remnant, about 75, now live, receiving 
    a small annuity from the State.
     This is on the east base:
     Some noted Carawbas: - 
     King Hagler, 
     Gen. New River, 
     Gen. Jim Kegg, 
     Col. David Harris, 
     Major John Joe, Capt. 
     Billie George, 
     Lieut. Phillips Kegg, 
     Sallie New River, 
     Pollie Ayers, 
     Peter Harris.
     From the epitaph on the tombstone: 
     "The latter was made an orphan by the smallpox scourge; raised 
     by "Kanawha" Spratt; received pension for services in the 
     Revolution.  At the age of 70 he returned to the Spratt 
     homestead to die, and at his own request, was buried in 
     the family graveyard. 6

     The west base bears the following: Some fo the soldiers in the 
     Confederate Army: -- 
     Jeff Ayers, 
     John Brown, 
     William Canty, 
     Bob Crawford, 
     Billy George, 
     Gilbert George, 
     Nelson George, 
     Bob Head, 
     Epp Harris.
     Jim Harris, 
     John Harris, 
     Peter Harris, 
     Robert Marsh, 
     Bill Sanders,
     John Sanders, 
     John Scott, 
     Alex Timins, 
Here is a list of the Catawba Indians living on the reservation near 
here at the present time:
     Lewis B. Gordon, 
     Sally Gordon; 
     Ruth Gordon, 
     Lewie Gordon, 
     Nora Gordon.  
     Margaret Brown. 
     John Brown, 
     Rachel Brown; 
     Early Brown, 
     Sally Brown, 
     Argada Brown.  
     Samuel Blue, 
     Louisa Blue; 
     Nelson Blue, 
     Lilly Blue, 
     Herbert Blue.  
     Tom Stevens.  
     Frank Canty, 
     Henry Canty.  
     William Sawyer.  
     John Sanders; 
     William Sanders, 
     Joseph Sanders, 
     Dora Sanders, 
     John Idrel Sanders,
     Lewis Sanders.  
     James Watts, 
     Mary J. Watts.  
     David Ayers; 
     Annie Ayers, 
     Wade Ayers, 
     Mary Ayers, 
     Johnnie Ayers.  
     Ben P. Harris, 
     Sally H. Harris, 
     Robert W. Harris, 
     Nancy C. Harris, 
     William Harris, 
     Robert Lee Harris, 
     Nancy Harris, 
     Mary Harris, 
     James Harris, 
     Sarah Harris, 
     [David A. Harris, 
     Lizzie J. Harris, 
     Edith Harris,] 
     Vinia Harris, 
     Richard Harris, 
     Rhoda Harris, 
     Betsy Harris,
     Epp Harris, 
     Martha J. Harris, 
     Margaret Harris, 
     Jesse Harris, 
     James Harris, 
     Luther Harris**, [** Luther Harris was white. 
     Gus H. Harris, 
     Edward Harris, 
     Wesley Harris, 
     Emma J. Harris, 
     Allen S. Harris, 
     Theodore Harris,
     Bettie Harris, 
     Rose Harris, 
     Lottie Harris, 
     Emily George, 
     James M. George, 
     Della George,
     Artemus George, 
     Carrie L. George, 
     Taylor George, 
     Margaret J. George, 
     Lucy J. George*, [* Lucy Jane George d/o Polly George b. 1886]
     John P. George.  
This file was contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by: 
Paul R. Sarrett, Jr. Aug. 11, 1998                         ([email protected])

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                This information was sent to me by:
                Subj: Catawba, Native Americans
                Date: Aug. 11, 1998 06:10:29 EDT
                From: Jean W. STRINGHAM ([email protected])
                To:   Paul R. Sarrett, Jr. ([email protected])

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