Scrapbook of Eliza Green Rogers

Eliza Green Rogers Scrapbook
Glued Into 1873 Report on the Common Schools of Pennsylvania

Aunt Eliza's Scrapbook: A Voyage Into Sullivan County History

Bob Sweeney
Larry Pardoe and Carol Brotzman

In early 2005, Carol Brotzman miraculously recovered an old scrapbook from the discard stack at the library in Laceyville, Wyoming County, PA. It turned out to be the catch-all scrapbook of Eliza Green Rogers, the second wife of Sadler Rogers of Sullivan County, PA. We are most grateful to Carol for rescuing this treasure trove of information, and to both her and Larry Pardoe for making sense of the contents. Larry is a descendant of Joseph Pardoe, who came to what would later be Sullivan county about 1813. There is an appended biography of this lineage at the end of this page; it will suffice to say that Larry has devoted countless hours to researching his ancestors and has been an invaluable ally in the recovery, interpretation and positioning of the history on this page and elsewhere on our Sullivan County Genealogical Web Site.

Below you will find reproductions of each page that Eliza created by glueing material into an old copy of the 1873 Report on Common Schools in Pennyslvania. Carol provided all of these pictures shown below unless otherwise indicated. After the initial dozen or so pages, we will introduce many of the future pages by means of links to the page. That is, you will be able to access the picture of the page by clicking on the page title, and then expanding the picture to full size once it comes up on your screen. We do this in order to keep the size of the page from becoming so large that readers without sophisticated internet access will still be able to load and review the contents of the scrapbook. You can find a broad history of the Rogers family in Sullivan County at Ancestors and Descendants of Samuel and Ann (Gaunt) Rogers, by Jean Peterson Rosenkranz.

We have no idea why Eliza used the medium of a school report to preserve her records, other than perhaps that the volume was physically robust and likely to survive indefinitely. Nor do we know for certain how the scrapbook came to be in the attic of Carol's local library *, nor why the library would want to discard it. According to Carol, the "mother" library in Tunkhannock sometimes sends books out to the satellite libraries. This item had to be in Laceyville before the 1980's as Carol has personally known all the librarians since then. No one had touched that attic since the 1960's when Mrs. Singer used to have it open for business, the story goes! Carol has the records she kept on books and donations. Many did come from the Tunkhannock library but an entry for the scrapbook cannot be found. There is another possibility which is just as good. It could have been donated directly by some local historian trying to preserve his or her own records for posterity by giving it to the library. Local people donate tons of books, but the local library is tiny. If the scrapbook got stuck in the attic, then it likely got LOST! The library staff did get the newspapers up there preserved. But other things may have been overlooked or not appreciated.
* Editor's Note:In June 2012, we received the following incredible message from Cheryl (Clapper) Franklin:

I came across your Aunt Eliza's ScrapBook while doing some research on my family tree. You can only imagine my excitement when I found this page, as I am the granddaughter of Louise Snyder Ford. Louise is the daughter of George Snyder and Mary Fleming Snyder of Forksville. I have memories of Grandma Ford doing extensive research into the family tree. I have several items she has passed down to me from "Grandma Sadler". My biggest thrill, however, was discovering the third picture on this page. It displays my grandmother's handwriting identifying this document as "Mrs Sadler Rogers (Aunt Eliza) Scrap book"! Wow!!!!! I would recognize Louise Ford's handwriting anywhere!!! I can honestly tell you those words were penned by Louise Ford. That page was in her hands at some point and she was carefully preserving this bit of history. She was a fixture at the library as I remember, so it would stand to reason she may have been the one who placed the book there for 'safe keeping'. I believe Carol made mention of 'someone' placing the book in the library stacks at some point. My grandmother Louise was always making scrap books and clipping articles. She preserved many family mementos and each one had identification info written in her classic "shaky" handwriting/printing.
So for what it's worth- the mystery of how the Scrapbook got in the Laceyville library is probably solved!!
Thank you for all the time you and your team put into this treasure. I look forward to reading through it all.

Cheryl Franklin
Daughter of Maureen (Ford) and Dick Clapper

Incidentally, in early 2013, Adam Bronson notified us of an object being auctioned on eBay. It was the commemorative paperweight shown below. The expression "Green Rogers 1896" is engraved on the paperweight, which we are told was acquired at a local auction before showing up on eBay. Larry Pardoe commented on the paperweight and, in doing so, identified at least three links between the Rogers and Green families. They are as follows:

Thanks for sending the ebay link to the Green-Rogers 1896 glass paperweight. I see it did sell in $22 range.
I don't know if Cheryl has any family knowledge of the paperweight. As a Rogers family hobby genealogist, I was wondering how it might have fit into the Green and Rogers family - with the 1896 date on it. [Note: I think Cheryl goes back to Zilpha Ann Rogers, sister to Samuel Sadler Rogers. Zilpha and Samuel Sadler were children of Moses Rogers and Jane Sadler.]
I have three possible family connections in my family tree:
1. Alfred Green (1819-1890), son of Richard Green and Mary Plotts; his first wife was Phebe C. Rogers (1823-1853), daughter of Benjamin Rogers and Gittyann Bowne; they had children; Emma W. Green, b. abt 1844; Henry Irvin Green, b. 1849 and William Henry Green, b. abt 1852.
2. Eliza Catharine Green (1845-1939), daughter of Isaac Green and Mary Ann Ives, second wife of Samuel Sadler Rogers (1831-1913), son of Moses Rogers and Jane Sadler; they had children; Alvaretta, (April 9, 1872-October 16, 1876); Maggie Irene, (b. about Dec 21, 1873, d. Dec 6, 1874); F. Edna (b. Oct 9, 1875, d. Jul 20, 1878); Rush G., (Sept 13, 1877-June 28, 1956); Hattie R., (b. about Aug 1879, d. ????); Mollie A., (May 8, 1881-Aug 25, 1963); and Sidney T. (b. March 5, 1884, d. May 1979).
3. Milton Green (1849-1905), son of John Green and Christine Baker; he married Martha Jemima Rogers (1848-1921), daughter of Wesley Rogers and Effie Corson; they had children; Effie Jane, (b. June 20, 1872, d. May 26, 1930); Florence E., (b. about 1874, d. Unk); Joanna May, (Aug 2, 1875-Jan 20, 1893); Christiann, (b. Aug 20, 1877, d. Sept 13, 1957); Maud Edna, (b. about Sept 1879, d. 1928); Beulah B. (b. about Aug 1881, d. unknown date); Thomas M., (b. about April 1885, d. unknown date).
There could be more, but these three are the only ones that "jump" out at me right now. I was looking at birth, death and marriage dates but don't see any significantly relating to the 1896 date. It's possible there could be a different Green-Rogers relationship that I've overlooked.
Wish I had more to go on.
Lorin "Larry" Pardoe

This is just one more msytery inside other mysteries when it comes to these families. Here is the mysterious paperweight:

Green Rogers 1896
Commemorative Paperweight
Original auctioned on eBay in January 2013

Back to our appears that the Fred M. Rogers family had the scrapbook in its possession, since many items at a later date belong to his family. Fred's funeral card, an anniversary notice. and the anouncement of the dedication of the Forkston church, priceless to Carol Brotzman as a church historian, all link the scrapbook to this Rogers family. Eliza seems to have gone to substantial lengths to preserve information about the family, friends and relatives of Fred M. Rogers and Katie A. (Avery) Rogers, his wife. We can therefore surmise that she was close to Fred as the nephew of her husband, Sadler Rogers of Forksville. We know that Fred and Katie lived in the community as well. You can, in fact see a picture of the couple in the Endless Mountains history on this site.

We can only speculate as to why Eliza created the scrapbook in the first place, beyond the fact that it was fairly common for people to keep written or printed records of one kind or another prior to the age of radio and television, let alone computers and the Internet. For example, the encyclopedica history known as The Frawley Collection, recorded in the Settlers Pages of this site, represents a lifetime of record-keeping by Valeria (Bahl) Frawley. However, Aunt Eliza may have had an additional reason. If we look at the first or "entry" page in her scrapbook [see below], we find what appears to be a homemade poem:

Three precious caskets laid we here
But Jesus took in love
The jewels we had prized so dear
Three golden links to draw us near
His own blest home above

The poem, at the top of the page, is followed by the statement in the middle that the author is Mrs. Sadler Rogers ("Aunt Eliza"). But what could this plaintive introduction mean? It turns out that three of her children by Sadler died between 1874 and 1878: Magie* (1874), Alvaretta (1876) and F. Edna (1878). Is it not logical to presume that these lost children make up the three "precious caskets"?
*Editor's Note: Her tombstone at Fairmount Cemetery reads "Maggie", but the spelling used in the obituary pictured below is "Magie" and therefore we will use that version here.

Perhaps the most confirming evidence for this suggestion is a death notice embedded among several anecdotes, including a story about Abraham Lincoln's son, Thomas "Tad" Lincoln (April 4, 1853-July 15, 1871), who also passed away in his youth. The death notice is in the right column of the next scan shown below. It appears to have been published in The Sullivan Review shortly after her death on July 20, 1878. The notice is penned by John Van Kirk and attributes her death, and that of her older sisters who preceded her in death, to "consumption of the bowels". This diagnosis may have covered anything from acute gastroenteritis to a form of cholera. A casual investigation of Causes of Death in the Late Nineteenth Century shows that "consumption" was a broad category. There is also a poem entitled "Edna", which appears directly above the death notice, but we do not know if it was written for Edna Rogers by some unknown contributor or was clipped from another source by Aunt Eliza because the subject was the demise of a child named Edna.

Here are the actual tombstone readings at Fairmount Cemetery in Forksville, as reported by Cynthia Howerter in 2003:

On a four sided spire (not too tall) is inscribed: "Children of S.S. and E.C. Rogers
Alpharetta E. died October 16, 1876, age 4 years, 6 months, 7 days;
F. Edna died July 20, 1878, age 2 years, 9 months, 11 days;
Maggie Irene died December 6, 1874, age 11 months, 15 days."

On a separate stone in the same vicinity as the above stone:
"Flora, daughter of Samuel S. and Sarah B. Rogers, died January 8, 1858."

There is also a reference on this page to Senator W. A. Clark, who represented Montana in the US Senate around the beginning of the twentieth century. Here, for example, is an excerpt from The New York Times about Senator Clark:

The New York Times
January 27, 1907


A dinner was given in honor of Senator W. A. Clark by the Art Committee of the Union League at the clubhouse last night as a mark of appreciation for the loan exhibition of the Senator's pictures which recently closed there. Among the other guests were Mark Twain, Frank R. Lawrence, President of the Lotus Club; George R. Sheldon, Robert C. Ogden, and Albert H. Wiggin.
There were thirty canvases in Senator Clark's exhibit, representing $1,000,000 in value. The members of the Art Committee who gave the dinner were Col. H. B. Wilson, Herbert S. Carpenter, Paulding Farnham , Thomas E. Kirby, Col. Harrison K. Bird, and A. A. Anderson.

We know a little bit about some of these folks. Paulding Farnham was the design genius who gave Tiffany's its international prominence for jewelry and sivlerware. Apparently, there is a glacier, mountain and tower in British Columbia named after him. William Andrews Clark (1839-1925) was a colorful mining baron who became a politician. When he died in 1925, he left more than $200 million to his heirs.

Edna Rogers Death Notice
A Poem Entitled "Edna"
and Selected Anecdotes

Let us now take a look at Aunt Eliza's Scrapbook. Comments will be provided where relevant or necessary.

Eliza Green Rogers Scrapbook
Entry Page Containing Eliza's Poem

We will for the most part go in order from the front of the scrapbook to the back. However, we will divulge from that sequence here at the beginning. Let us begin with a page devoted to Fred Rogers and his legacy. Then we will present a page showing the obituary of Sadler and a testimonial to his wife, Eliza Green Rogers, by two of her daughters. Eliza, of course, was the creator of the scrapbook itself. She died in Lancaster, California, to which she must have relocated after Sadler died. Finally, we show in this group a page with several poems, and also the obituary for Magie Rogers, who died in 1874 and was one of the three "lost" children described above.

Thanks to Larry Pardoe, we have a transcription of the obituary for Fred Rogers shown below, as well as the testimonial under "From the Sullivan Scene". Both are probably taken from the April 3, 1952 issue of The Sullivan Review, although no date is shown in the pictured versions.

Fred M. Rogers

Fred M. Rogers, a life-long resident of Forksvile, and a retired attorney, died suddenly Monday evening at the Mills Community hospital, Towanda, [after] a short illness.

Mr. Rogers was born in Forksville, March 24th, 1869, a son of the late John Wesley and Anna Vidian* Rogers.

He studied law with his uncle, the late Rush J. Thomson of this place, and after being admitted to the bar, was a consulting attorney in New York for a number of years before returning to Sullivan county, where he spent the major portion of his life.

He was a leader in the organization of the Loyalsock Youth Institute, a summer camp maintained by the Methodist church, and held an office as director in the organization. In recognition of his interest, Rogers Hall was dedicated in his honor.

He became interested in the development of Loyalsock Manor, a housing project along the Loyalsock creek, working tirelessly towards the success of this project.

In January 1952, he and Mrs. Rogers celebrated the 52nd** anniversary of their marriage with [an] open house at their commodious house at Forksville.

Mr. Rogers is survived by his wife, Kate A. Rogers, and a brother , William Rogers of Laporte, also a number of nephews.

Funeral services were held at the Forksville Methodist church, Wednesday afternoon, Rev. Kenneth Bonham, pastor officiated. Interment in the Forksville cemetery.

Editor's Notes:
* The correct spelling is Videan.
** Believed actually to be their 51st anniversary, as they were married January 26, 1901.

From the Sullivan Scene

He was a teacher, a lawyer, School Board member, churchman and civic organizer. He was Fred M. Rogers, 83, of Forksville, whose death this week removed from the Sullivan County scene one of its most valued citizens.

With his family identified with Sullivan County for 150 years, Mr. Rogers added much to his family's reputation for local action for local good which is one of the indispensable ingredients of the thing which makes all America great.

He was a co-author of a book The Loyalsock. He was instrumental in developing the Loyalsock Manor for Summer and permanent homes in recent years. He helped organize the Loyalsock Youth Institute and was one of the moving spirits behind forming the Sullivan County Rural Electric Co-operative.

It is quite obvious Mr. Rogers was a man who did things. And it is certain the benefits of his lifetime of activity will be apparent in Sullivan County and the beautiful Loyalsock Valley for years to come."

Fred M. Rogers
Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary (1951), Obituary and Testimonial (1952)
Appear to be Clipped from the Sullivan Review

Fred M. Rogers
Fiftieth Anniversary and Funeral Cards

Magie Rogers Obituary (1874) and Three Poems
One Authored by Sophia Andrews and Two Unattributed

Larry Pardoe has also transcribed the next two documents, shown on the same photo below, and provided a commentary:

The article on Sadler Rogers is probably from The Sullivan Review, possibly dated February 27, 1913:

S. S. Rogers

S. S. Rogers, one of the leading citizens of Sullivan county, died of pneumonia, Tuesday Evening. Mr. Rogers was born at Forksville, September 22, 1831. He was a son of Moses and Jane (Sadler) Rogers, and a grandson of Samuel Rogers, who was born in Bramley, near Leeds, England, in 1740, and came to America, locating at Forksville in 1801. The history of the Rogers family has been dated to 1031. They were probably Norman-French who went to England with William, the Conqueror, and settled there.

S. S. Rogers, on reaching his majority, learned the carpenter trade and lived at Forksville. Later he purchased the timber land in Elkland and lumbered and cleared up a farm and moved thereon, and at the time of his death owned 250 acres of land, being one of the finest farms in the county.

Mr. Rogers was a very energetic and industrious man, strictly honest and enjoyed the fullest confidence of all his wide circle of acquaintances. He was elected county commissioner in 1896 serving one term.

Mr. Rogers is survived by his wife, three sons, C. F., of Athens, Rush G., at home; and Sidney, of Buffalo, N.Y.; and five daughters, Mrs. Frank Parker*, of Hughesville; Mrs. H. N. Osler, of Dushore; Mrs. William Collins, of Canton; Mrs. B. H. Frazier, of Bath, N.Y.; and Mrs. Joseph C. Wheat, of Brooklyn, N.Y.; also two brothers, Isaac and John W., of Forksville.

The funeral will be held Friday from the family residence at 1 o'clock; interment taking place at Forksville.
* Editor's Note: The correct name is Mrs. William Parker; see her obit below. Larry Pardoe speculates that perhaps the writer confounded her first name, "Francina", into "Mrs. Frank" somehow.

Elizabeth Harding Rogers (1820-1910)
and William Rogers, Her Son
Early 1900s
Her husband, Samuel Rogers (1817-1895) was , like Sadler Rogers, a grandchild of Samuel and Ann (Gaunt) Rogers. Elizabeth was the daughter of James and Sarah (Warren) Rogers and niece of John Warren. The Rogers and Warren families were prominent in the early settlement and development of what was to become Sullivan County.
Photo courtesy of Jean Rosenkrantz; the original was in the possession of the late Myron Northrop who died in 1978.

The second article below, entitled "Loving Memory", was composed by Eliza's daughters, probably for The Sullivan Review sometime in 1939:

Loving Memory

In loving memory of our dear mother, Eliza C. Rogers, who departed this life on November 1st, 1939 in Lancaster, Calif.

I cannot say, and I will not say
That she is dead, she is just away
With a cheery smile and a wave
of the hand
She has wandered into an
unknown land.
And left us dreaming how very
It needs must be since she lingers
And you - oh you, who the wildest
For the old time step and the
glad return.
Think of her faring on as dear
In the love of There as his love of
Think of her still as the same, I
She is not dead - - she is just away.

Mrs. B. H. Frazier*
Mrs. J. C. Wheat**

* Mrs. B. H. Frazier was Eliza's daughter, Hattie R. Rogers, who married B. H. Frazier
** Mrs. J. C. Wheat was Eliza's daughter, Mollie A. Rogers, who married Joseph C. Wheat.

You might wonder how Eliza ended up in Lancaster, California, 75 miles northeast of Los Anglese in what amounts to the "high desert" area. It turns out that Eliza and Sadler had a son Sidney [obit and related articles shown further along in this scrapbook] who was an architech in Los Angeles. After Sadler died in 1913, Eliza initially lived in Bath New York. The 1920 census for Bath in Steuben County shows her there with:her daughter Hattie and Hattie's husband, B. H. Frazer [sic]:

1920 Bath, Steuben County, New York
Rogers, Eliza C., mother-in-law, age 75, widowed, b. PA., father, b. PA., mother b. England.

In 1920, Sidney was living in Los Angeles:

1920 Altadena, Pasadena, Los Angeles County, CA
Rogers, Sidney T., head, age 35(?), b. PA., Housing Contractor

It appears sometime between 1920 and when she died in 1939, Eliza moved to California and probably lived with her son Sidney in Lancaster, CA, where she died. Lancaster is still in Los Angeles County, although somewhat remotely located. Therefore, the photo of Eliza in the Rogers and Warren Family Photo Collection, taken in 1937, would have been taken in California.

Sadler and Eliza Green Rogers
Obituary (1913) and Testimonial (1939)

The next photo contains two homilies, one about the benefits of reclining, copyrighted 1936, and the other about being nice. The author of the piece on the benefits of lying down, Frank Crane (1861-1928), was a clergyman and journalist He wrote a popular book in 1919 entitled Four Minute Essays, while the comments shown here were published in 1926, two years before he died.

Both homilies are on the right side of the page, while the left column contains the obituary of Edward Wiseman. The article indicates that the newspaper in which this obit appeared was the Elmira Gazette of Elmira, NY. Edward Wiseman was the husband of Harriett Huckell, born in 1842 in Hillsgrove, Sullivan County, PA, the daughter of Benjamin Huckell and Margaret Plotts. They married some time between 1860 and 1870. You can learn more about the Huckell family at The Edisons of Hillsgrove, where the lives and relationships of several of Harriett's siblings are presented. Also, Benjamin's obituary is produced with another scan about the Huckells shown further along in the scrapbook. The Wisemans had three children, Margaret, Edward and Dwight. We don't have a date for the father's obituary, but we can guess it was a late 19th century occasion from the evidence in the article that he was 48 years old at death, and had come to Elmira from Hillsgrove in 1863 already as a young working adult. The 1870 Federal census for Elmira shows him at age 30 and born in Ireland, so, presuming he was born about 1840, this obit must have been written in 1888 or within a few months either way of that year. Edward became a prominent citizen of Elmira, serving as an alderman in 1878-1879 and on the Board of Education in 1882, among other civic positions.

Edward Wiseman Obituary
and Two Homilies

The next two photos deal with the families of two of the daughters of Sadler Rogers, who therefore were also first cousins of Fred M. Rogers. Sarah Janette Rogers, daughter of Sadler and his first wife, Sarah Plotts, married William H. Collins on June 16, 1893 in Hughesville, Lycoming County, PA, but they settled in Canton, Bradford County, PA. The 1900 Federal census for Canton Township indicates she was born in June 1868. The Park Cemetery in Canton, PA provides a death date of 1960. Mollie A. Rogers, daughter of Sadler and his second wife, Eliza Green, married Joseph Cabell Wheat of Virginia. Except for two years when he served on the Brooklyn, NY police force after being wounded in the Spanish-American War (1898-1900), they lived in or around Richmond, VA.

Articles on William H. and Sarah J. (Rogers) Collins Family

Articles on Joseph C. and Mollie (Rogers) Wheat Family

Here is a picture from Phil Herman *of several members of the Collins family that we will meet and read about in the scrapbook.

The Collins Family: Parents and Children
Front: Winfield Scott and Harriett (Roe) Collins
Back, l to r: Rachel Collins [wife of Clinton McCarty] *, John Collins, Harris Collins [married Cora Morter], Charles Collins [married Marie ? and then married Jesse Palmer], Myra Collins [married Floyd Keeney, grandparents of Phil Herman], and Margaret "Maggie" Collins [married George Morter]
Photo contributed by Phil Herman
Note: Rachel (Collins) McCarty is connected by marriage to the Allen and Reeser families as well. James Allen (1870-1950),son of Benjamin and Ruth (Cox) Allen, was married to Vasthie Reeser about 1890. They show up in the 1900 US Census living in Cherry Township, Sullivan County with 4 children. At some point before 1910, they were divorced and James married Martha Richley. Vasthie then married Michael Richley and later Guy Margeson. Some of the children of James and Vasthie changed their last name to VanAllan (or VanAllen) including Maurice (or Morris) VanAllan. Maurice married Francis McCarty, the daughter of Rachel (Collins) and Clinton McCarty, shown here. We are grateful to Patty VanAllan, great granddaughter of James and Vashtie (Reeser) Allen, for this information.

* Editor's Note: Let's digress for a momment. Phil Herman has conributed several cemetery listings to our site which you can find by entering his name in the "Find" query on our Churches and Cemeteries page. The Herman family has a long presence in the New Albany community in Bradford County just north of Dushore. In honor of Phil, here are two photos, one of his late father, Hollis "Pat" Herman, and the other of his mother, Mina Jean and her sister Amelia (widow of Ivan Larue Hatch). They were taken at the Clinton McCarty family reunion in Forksville, Sullivan County in 2006 by Larry Pardoe.

Hollis "Pat" Herman (1926-2012)

Mina Jean (Keeney) McCarty and
Amelia (Keeney) Hatch
Forksville, PA 2006

The scrapbook also contains a page with articles about Green family members living in the Richmond area. Maude, wife of Lee A. Green, died when struck by a car on August 10, 1936 in Laurel, VA. There is also an undated death notice for Mattie Floyd Green, relationship to Maude unknown, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Green of the Atlee, VA area. After reviewing the matter with Larry Pardoe, we are unable to determine at this time this family was related directly to Aunt Eliza (Green) Rogers herself or perhaps indirectly via the Wheat family into which Mollie Rogers married in this part of Virginia. We might speculate in favor of the former idea, with the thought that perhaps one of Eliza's siblings or relatives introduced Mollie to Joseph Wheat, but that is only an unsupported guess at this time. You can look over the page at Maude and Mattie Green.

At the very end of the scrapbook, there is an inserted poem about Forksville, allegedly taken from the scrapbook of Mollie Rogers Wheat. This elegiac poem reflects strongly the affection of the Rogers family for the very terrain of the lands they were born and grew up in. We reproduce here this Forksville Poem, which the source in the scrapbook, presumably Mollie herself, dates to about 1875.

The next page presents an obituary for Francina Rogers, daughter of Sadler Rogers and his first wife, Sarah Plotts, born on July 2, 1855. She married William Parker of Hughesville, Lycoming County, PA. The death date for Mrs. Parker is not given, but we know from the cemetery record presented below that she died December 9, 1938. The source for this article is probably The Sullivan Review, but might be a local paper in Lycoming County. Larry Pardoe tell us that William was born in June 1854 in England. He came to America sometime between 1865 and 1875 (the 1900 Federal census shows 1865, but the 1910 census shows 1875); we are not sure which is correct. Earlier census records show his occupation as a boot and shoe maker, then shoemaker, and in 1910 as an insurance agent. William and Francina were married about 1879 (again from census records). From what Larry can tell so far, we only know of one child Lee R. Parker (listed incorrectly as "Ree" R. Parker in Francina's obit). Larry has also, through contacts in the Picture Rocks area near Hughesville, obtained the following informatoin from the Pleasant Hill Cemetery, where William and Francina are buried:


WILLIAM PARKER B 1854 D 3/11/1940 "FATHER"


ADLAIDE* BARB PARKER* B 1882 D 10/16/1955"
(Note: This was William and Francina's daughter-in-law, wife of their son Lee R. Parker)
* Census records show the name as Adelaide M. Parker. Barb was her maiden name; she was the daughter of John H. Barb who was a widowed minister in Hughesville in 1910. The Barb family came from Virginia.

The brief article below the Parker obituary is a wedding announcement for Sidney Rogers and Irene Kehrer of South Williamsport, Lycoming County. At this time, Sidney was living in Forksville, but we know by 1920 that he was living in Los Angeles. Per Larry Pardoe, it is interesting that the Parker obit was for Sadler's oldest child - first child of "Sadler" and first wife Sarah B. Plotts, and the subsequent marriage notice was that of Sadler's youngest child - last child of "Sadler" and second wife Eliza C. Green. Sidney Tuttle Rogers was born March 3, 1884, possibly in Forksville or Elkland Township, Sullivan County. Sadler lived in Forksville in 1880, but by 1900 was living in Elkland. The 1910 Census shows Sidney as a carpenter living in Williamsport, PA. The 1920 census shows him as a housing contractor. He was married to Irene Kehrer about 1907 (the 1910 census shows them married three years). Irene was born about 1888. Here is an article on another page in the scrapbook, describing Sidney's early success as an architect in the Los Angeles area: Sidney Rogers: Architect. The date is between 1910 and 1920, with the newspaper source unknown.

The third article, in the right hand column, is the obituary for J. Howard Corson ("Courson" in the article itself) of Hughesville. Larry Pardoe unearthed the Rogers family connection here. Joseph Howard Corson was born about February 1855 in PA. Larry believes he was from the Hughesville area originally. The 1880 Federal census shows him as a farmer in Wolf Twp., near Hughesville, in Lycoming County. The 1900 census shows him married to Mary E.(?) and that they had been married for six years. It appears that his first wife was Dora Rogers, a daughter of Sadler Rogers and his first wife, Sarah Plotts, and therefore Aunt Eliza's stepdaughter. She was single in the 1880 census. She and J. Howard Corson must have married between 1880-1885, since, in the 1900 census, J. Howard was with his second wife, but had a 14 year old son George - who must have been from the first marriage. We believe she died in 1893 [see below]. So, J. Howard Corson would have been a son-in-law of Samuel "Sadler" Rogers. The newspaper source is not identified. Here is additional information from the Pleasant Hill Cemetery in Hughesville that Larry obtained:

Cora* R. Corson, b. 12/22/1859, d. 9/19/1893 Lot 1022B - Resident of Hughesville
*Believed to actually be DORA (Rogers) Corson - dates match and the fact that she was buried in the same plot all point to her being Joseph's wife. Early census records all show her name as DORA.

Joseph Howard Corson*, died 1/18/1937. Resident of Wolf Township. Lot 1022B.
*This burial matches Dora's husband as he was b. abt.Feb 1855 and was 82 years old at time of death.

Joseph's children are also buried in this cemetery:

George Roger* Courson, b. 1886 d. 11/23/1964. Resident - Loyalsock View, Loyalsock Twp., Lycoming Co., PA
*Believed should be "Rogers". George was born to first wife, Dora Rogers Corson.

Faith Courson Bennett, b. 1895, d. 11/21/1963. Resident - Hughesville. Lot 1022B. We are not sure who her "Bennett" husband was.

Darrell B. Courson, b. 1897, d. 6/14/1962. Resident - Hughesville. Lot 1022B
Note: Faith and Darrell were children to Joseph's second wife, Mary E. [?]. .

Obituary for Francina (Rogers) Parker
Wedding Announcement for Sidney and Irene (Kehrer) Rogers
Obituary for J. Howard Corson

We now turn to several pages devoted to the lives, families and relations of various Rogers relations of Fred M. Rogers. The first topic is an obituary for Chauncey M. Wirth (1892-1952), husband of Ruth "Winifred" Collins, a daughter of William and Sarah (Rogers) Collins. The source publication is not identified. Winifred was born December 15, 1896. At that time, two years before the birth of her sister Blanche, her father was listed as a furniture dealer.

Obituary of Chauncey M. Wirth
June 20, 1952

The next page deals with the marriage of Blanche Collins, another daughter of William and Sarah, to Merritt C. Smith on October 18 [year not identified] in Canton, PA. Information provided by Larry Pardoe says she was born on September 19, 1898. The same records indicate that her father was now listed as an undertaker. There are two reports pictured below, one apparently from the local paper in Canton and the other apparently from The Sullivan Review.

Merritt C. and Blanche (Collins) Smith
Wedding Announcement

The next two pages provide obituaries for John Wesley Rogers and Fannie E. Rogers. They were father and sister, respectively, of Fred Rogers. These articles are undated and unattributed, but appear to be taken from The Sullivan Review. John, a brother of Sadler Rogers, was born January 2, 1845 and died on December 14, 1932. He was raised on the farm of his father, Moses Rogers, and, except for Civil War duty, spent his entire life in Forksville. His wife was Anna Videan, daughter of the Reverend Richard and Sylvia "Eliza" (Samson) Videan. John married her in 1866. He was well regarded in the community and The Sullivan Review reports on March 13, 1879 that he was responsible for the setlement of the estate of his deceased father, Moses Rogers.

John's daughter, Fannie Rogers, died in Philadelphia at age 22 of typhoid fever. Fannie (sometimes "Fanny") E. Rogers was born in 1878. She is shown as age 2 in the 1880 Federal census for Forksville. She died in 1900 as reported in the photo shown here.

Here is what we know about the Videan family, thanks to further research by Carol and Larry. Richard Videan was born in Molash, Kent, England on September 15, 1793. His wife, Ann Snoad, was born on April 19 of the same year as her husband in Brookland, Kent, England. They emigrated to the United States about 1830-1831 to Tioga County, PA, just proximate to Sullivan and Bradford Counties. They settled in Covington, Tioga County, just south of Mansfield and west of Canton, PA. There were apparently four children that came with them: Eliza, Thomas, Charles and Richard, all born in the mid-to-late 1820s. Of interest to us was Richard, their son, born March 23, 1825 in Kent, died September 10, 1884 in Forksville, Sullivan County. At some point, he became a Methodist Episcopal minister and married Eliza Samson of Connecticut on October 23, 1847. Per Larry Pardoe, she was born on February 11, 1824 CT and died March 24, 1893, presumably in Sullivan County. Her daughter Fanny's obituary [below] says she was born in COnnecticut, although the census record says Pennsylvania. Her parents were from Vermont and Rhode Island, respectively. The Reverend Videan was the Principal of the Mansfield State Normal School, predecessor of today's university of the same name in Mansfield, Bradford County, PA, for several years, where his daughters, Anna and Fanny, were both educated as teachers. Richard and Eliza were living with their daughter Anna and her family in the 1880 census for Forksville. The May 11, 1882 issue of The Sullivan Review suggests that they lived in Forksville in the summer, not year round. Perhaps, they just wanted to be near the children.

Anna Videan was born in January 1848 and died on March 6, 1923. She is buried in Fairmount Cemetery in Forksville, Sullivan County, as are her parents and husband. Her sister, Fanny Videan, born June 9, 1852 at Covington and died August 17, 1931, married Rush Jackson Thomson (1849-May 6, 1925). When they died, both were buried at Fairview Cemetery in Dushore, Sullivan County. Rush became a prominent Sullivan County attorney and took his nephew Fred Rogers, son of John Wesley and Anna (Videan) Rogers, into his practice. Fanny married Rush on March 9, 1875 in Forksville, by which time the Videan family was already living there. Rush was the son of James and Elizabeth Jackson (Chapman) Thomson.

John W. Rogers and His Daughter Fannie E. Rogers

John W. Rogers
Supplemental Obituary

Here is another page in the scrapbook with excerpts apparently taken from The Sullivan Review. They include an obituary and testimonial for Fanny (Videan) Thomson. The page also contains a death notice for Jane M. (Molyneux) Lucke, wife of George H. Lucke. We know this obituary was clipped from The Sullivan Review for February 28, 1907, thanks to research by Carol Brotzman. Jane was the daughter of John Molyneux and Martha Sadler; her husband George was one of three brothers who served in the Civil War. George and Jane moved to Baltimore after the War, and then on to Oregon. The Streby History of Forks and Forksville tells us that:

John Molyneux was born in England, April 30, 1786, and came to America with his father in 1795, locating on his father’s farm. He was married to Martha Sadler, who was a native of England being born in 1805. Mr. Molyneux died October 23, 1861, and his wife on Sept. 12, 1871.

Among their children were Mary Molyneux, wife of Reuben Rogers, and Jane M. Molyneux (b. June 12, 1833, d. February 15, 1907), who married George Lucke (b. 1833, d. 1909). Another sister, Eliza Ann, married Joseph Pardoe. So, Jane was related by blood or marriage to a slew of prominent Sullivan County families. The Reuben Rogers (b. April 14, 1820, d. August 1893) who married Mary Molyneux (b. July 14, 1824, d. September 2, 1872), was the son of John Rogers (b. February 11, 1787, d. March 1, 1858) and Sarah Lambert Rogers (b.1788, d. 1838). This John Rogers was a son of Samuel Rogers, Sr. and Ann Gaunt Rogers. This John was also brother to Moses Rogers, Sadler's father. So, Sadler would have been a first cousin to Mary's husband Reuben Rogers, and therefore indirectly related to her sister, Jane Molyneux. Moroever, Moses Rogers and John Molyneux, father of Mary and Jane, were also married to sisters, Jane and Martha Sadler, respectively, in this way creating yet another connection among the families **. This is where the name of Eliza's husband, "Sadler", came from. We can imagine without too much trouble a lot of reasons for Jane's death notice to be in the scrapbook.

** Editor's Note: In January 2008, we received the following Sadler family background from Gary Stemen:

Some interesting facts follow, along with a little speculation:
Location for all Sadler family searches is Davenham, Cheshire, England, except the marriages.
Samuel Sadler, b 21 May 1759; son of Samuel and Ann Hatton Sadler-- I have a Samuel Sadler marriage to Mary Forster on 18 Sep 1779 at Astbury, Cheshire, England.
Mary Sadler, b 28 Mar 1783; daughter of Samuel and Mary Sadler.
Samuel Sadler, b 19 Oct 1790; son of Samuel and Mary Sadler
Joseph Sadler, b 17 Apr 1792; son of Samuel and M Sadler
I have a Samuel Sadler marriage to Mary Austin on 09 Nov 1799 at Wybunbury, Cheshire, England.
Martha Sadler, b 06 Feb 1804; daughter of Samuel and Mary Austin Sadler
Jane Sadler, b 12 Jan 1808; daughter of Samuel and Mary Austin Sadler
It would seem that Samuel would have been married at least twice in order to support the time span of births indicated. This would support the theory that Joseph, versus Mary and Jane's mothers, were not the same person. Based on the gap between Joseph and Martha, I surmise that to be the timing for the death of "Mary" and Samuel's second marriage to Mary Austin.
This makes Joseph a half brother to Martha and Jane, and accounts for the fact that Joseph "started the Sadler" name in Sullivan County.
Also along these lines, Samuel's age would be advanced (late 50's+ if he were still living) at the time of Joseph Sadler's, Mary Austin's (and Martha and Jane's) emigration to the US.
Joseph was in the states by 1819; Mary Austin Sadler, Martha and Jane may have traveled later, perhaps after Samuel's demise. I have found no reference to Samuel's date of death, nor have I found reference to Ellen/Elinor as being a part of this family in my research to date.

Gary also uncovered a reference to the Sadler family in the biography of John Hill, reproduced here, which connects the Sadler family up with the large local Sherman family as well. You can learn more about that family at The Sherman Family: From Pennsylvania to Michigan and Beyond. Here is the biography of John Hill, with the paragraphs on the Sadlers bolded:

JOHN HILL. This early pioneer was the first permanent settler on the Loyalsock Creek, in Hillsgrove township, Sullivan County, Pa. He bought his land, with the improvements on it that had been already made, of a man by the name of Ogden, who took his family in a canoe and went farther down the creek.
John Hill was a native of Upton, Leicester County, England. He left Liverpool November 15, 1793, and after a thirteen weeks' passage landed at New York February 18, 1794. He was a man of fine education, as his books and writings testify. On March 15, 1796, he was married to Mary Robb, daughter of Robert and Susanna Robb of Muncy, Pa. He died July 1, 1834, aged eighty-two years; his wife Mary's age and death are not recorded, but it is known that she lived to a good old age, respected by all who knew her. Their home was a house of entertainment for travelers during their married lives. The old Hill property has been a home for travelers for one hundred years, and still is; at the present date (1899) it is conducted as a licensed hotel. To John and Mary Hill were born four children, as follows: Susanna, born October 14, 1797, married Joseph Sadler, an account of whose life follows in this sketch; Mary, born April 14, 1799, married David Rogers, and reared a family of three daughters and two sons, dying in 1858; John Cheatle, born March 31, 1801, died a bachelor October 4, 1841, at the age of forty; and Martha Jane, born January 15, 1805, and married to Isaac Craven,—she reared a family of three sons and two daughters, and lived to a good old age.
Joseph Sadler, who married Susanna Hill in 1819, was a son of Samuel Sadler of Liverpool, England. Joseph Sadler established the Sadler family in Sullivan County, and lived there until his death June 3, 1820. His wife lived to the age of sixty-seven years and eleven months. Their only child was John J.
John J. Sadler was born in Sullivan County March 21, 1820, and after growing up settled upon the old homestead left him by his father. He resided there and actively engaged in agricultural and lumbering pursuits until his death, September 12, 1890. He is survived by his wife, who now lives in the village of Hillsgrove. On November 3, 1853, he was united in marriage with Anna H. Bothwell, who was born in Canton, Bradford County, Pa., October 26, 1834, and they reared six children: Harriet W., born August 1, 1854. and died August 28, 1856; Claudius W., born November 14, 1856; Justin S., born August 22, 1859, and died March 1, 1860; Clara A., born April 22, 1861, is the wife of Malcolm McCormick, and lives at Wausau, Wis.; Alex. H., born April 22, 1864, died May 13, 1866; and Charles R., a barber by trade living in New Albany, Pa., born January n, 1866, and married to Philena Sherman.
Claudius W. Sadler obtained a public school education and after leaving school engaged in working for the tannery in Hillsgrove, hauling bark and lumber. He followed that line of work for five years, after which he located on the Susanna Sadler property, where he has since resided. He has greatly improved the farm and has added to it, until there is now 100 acres in all. He has carried on general farming and has by good management been very successful. He is a man of honor and possesses the esteem of his neighbors and many friends throughout the township. On November 17, 1884, he was united in marriage with Laura Hoagland, who was born in the village of Shunk, Sullivan County, February 14, 1861, and is a daughter of Uriah and Electa (Peppers) Hoagland, both of whom now reside in Shunk. Politically Mr. Sadler is a Republican. He is a member of Hillsgrove Lodge, I. O. O. F., and Shunk Lodge, No. 220, P. O. S. of A. In religious attachments his wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Hillsgrove.


Book of Biographies of the Seventeenth Congressional District
Published by Biographical Publishing Company of Chicago, Ill. and Buffalo, NY (1899).

As mentioned above, John Hill, the founder of Hillsgrove, was married to Mary Robb, daughter of Robert and Susanna Robb of Muncy, PA in 1796. Thereafter, the Hill, Robb, Sadler and Craven families were all related by marriage. You can find out more about the Robb family at Descendants of John Robb.

Next comes a page with the death notices and obituaries for two brothers of Fred M. Rogers, Raymond S. and Richard V. Rogers. Raymond died at age 35 in Tacoma, Washington on December 24, 1909 from typhus after spending some time in a hospital there. He appears to have been trained in the ministry, thereby following in the tracks of his maternal grandfather Richard Vidian, who was a "minster of the gospel" per the 1880 Federal census for Forksville. This article apears to have been published in The Sullivan Review. The obituary for Raymond also appeared in that publication on January 6, 1910. His brother, Richard, died of diabetes in Renovo, PA, a lumbering town about 100 miles west of Sullivan County, just short of his forty-fifth birthday in March, 1912. He was a lawyer and businessman. His wife, Jane B. Rogers, birth name unknown at this time, was born in 1871 and died in 1918. Both are buried at Fairmount Cemetery in Forksville. The two articles on Richard Rogers appear to have been published in The Sullivan Review and The Williamsport Sun, respectively.

Raymond and Richard Rogers
Brothers of Fred M. Rogers

We now turn to a page containing three apparently unrelated obituaries: Edward Apy of Lamott (near Philadelphia), PA; Judson Little of Darien, CT; and Mrs. Sumner Rogers of Endicott, NY. What can we make of these personalities, other than what is written in the scanned text below? Edward Apy was the son of Charles and Mary Apy, and one of several children in an Irish family that apparently emigrated from Ireland as a unit about 1878. The 1880 Federal census, uncovered by Carol Brotzman, shows the parents and six children, Edward being the youngest at age two, living in Brooklyn, NY. The father was an ice dealer. in business with his oldest son Charles Apy. We know that Edward served in World War One and, in the 1930 census, was living in Philadelphia with his wife Florence D. Apy, age 43. At this time, we do not know how they were connected to the Rogers family, if at all. However, unless the Apy family were firends or somehow connected, there is little reason why this obituary should appear in the scrapbook. We might surmise, but it is only a guess, that someone such as Fannie E. Rogers, who lived in Philadelphia and died there in 1900, might have been friends with the Apy family.

Judson was the son of Allen and Rachael (Vargason) Little. She was the daughter of Jessie and Matilda (Hatch) Little. Rachael died in 1901. Her husband, Allen Little, son of Nathan Little and Isabel Holmes, was born December 31, 1828 and died April 26, 1918. Judson and his parents lived in Elkland Twp, and might have been friends or neighbors with the Rogers family, again just a guess. Moreover, we are aware, through Larry Pardoe, of several deeper historical connections between the Little and Rogers families. First, Jonathan Rogers (1785-1830), son of Jonathan Rogers and Ann Gaunt Rogers, was married to Elizabeth Snell (1783-1830). Their great-grandaughter was Maude E. Bryan (1878-1925), who married Daniel Brady Little (1877-1962). Daniel was a great-grandchild of Daniel Little (1771-1863). The second link is through Rebecca Rogers (1813-1879), daughter of John Rogers (1787-1858) and Sarah Lambert (1788-1838). This John Rogers was a brother of Moses Rogers, the father of Sadler Rogers. Rebecca Rogers married William Polhemus Little (1812-1885), son of the same Daniel Litle (1771-1863) mentioned above. A biographical sketch of William P. Little was published in 1889 in the Biographical History of Chereokee County, Iowa, where he resettled in 1868 with his wife. The third connection was as follows: Joel C. McCarty (1893-1972), whose great-grandmother was Hannah Rogers (1790-1848), daughter of Samuel Rogers (Sr.) (1760-1828) and Ann Gaunt (1762-1823), married Bessie Little (1894-1985). Bessie, in turn, was a daughter of Asa Grange Little and Ida M. Little (same birth surnames). Ida was the daughter of Judson and Rachael (Vargason) Little, so Bessie Little was their grand-daughter. There could possibly be more interfamily marriages other than the three shown here. These two families were intricately connected by the marriages of each of their respective family descendants. You can study the Little family at The Little Family: An American Odyssey.

The obituary for Mrs. Sumner Rogers is dated October 5, 1951; she died on October 3 of that year. The newspaper of record is the Towanda, PA Daily Review. Per Larry Pardoe, her husband was Charles Sumner Rogers, fifth child of fourteen children of Jonathan Rogers (1821-1896) and Elizabeth Huckell (1828-1909). Sumner was born in May 1855, and died in 1936. Earlier census records show he lived in Elkland Township, and was a worker in a saw mill and later a lumberman. About 1885, he married Maria A. Williams, daughter of Isaac and Mary Annable Williams. Isaac would later become the proprietor of a well-known general store in Canton, PA, the ledger for which Bob Sweeney purchased from eBay in 2005. Maria was born April 7, 1860 and died, as reported here, on October 3, 1951. They had six children; Jessie D. Rogers, (female), b. Nov. 1885; George Frederick Rogers, b. April 4, 1887; Paul J. Rogers, b. February 1889; Mary E. Rogers, b. October 1892; Leland S. Rogers, b. July 1895 and Dorothy Rogers, b. August 1899.. Both C. Sumner and wife Maria are buried in Fairmount Cemetery, Forksville, Sullivan County, PA. To be exact, C. Sumner Rogers was a first cousin, once removed of Samuel Sadler Rogers.

Three Obituaries
Edward Apy, Judson Little and Mrs. Sumner Rogers

The next page contains a poem about Forksville and the Loyalsock Valley, appaently written in the mid-1870s by an unknown author and re-disovered in 1894 in a local scrapbook. The publication source is not identified. This page also contains two vignettes about the Civil War, one describing a monument erected by Confederate soldiers at Crater Farm in Virginia, and the other describing the personal virtues of Ulysses S. Grant. For those of us familiar with Civil War history, we will recognize "The Crater" as the scene of the bloody battle late in the Civil War that forms the introductory scenes for the award-winning movie Cold Mountain. Two apparently unrelated homilies appear beneath the article about Grant.

Poem About Forksville
Unrelated Civil War Articles
and Two Homilies

We now come to a typical page in some ways, where Eliza clipped in three unrelated articles: one a letter from an unidentified school boy to his grandmother, the next a very brief news report on suffrage for women in Massachusetts, and the third a homily about how a young woman should reply to a persistent man. Of direct interest are the two identifiable entries--one a poem written by Henry H. Ring for "Carrie", apparently a deceased child, and the other a memorial poem for Mary Ellen Mason, daughter of W. A. and Mary A. Mason, who died in Laporte, PA on January 16, 1874. We can only surmise that these items are here as contemporaneous reminders of the child that Sadler and Eliza lost in 1874, Magie Rogers. In the case of the Ring poem, after some research by Carol Brotzman, we conclude that this item was penned by Henry Ring for his little sister, Caroline Ring. Both are identified in the Streby History of Laporte as children of the original immigrant, Herman Ring, and the same source tells us that Caroline died in infancy. We can find no other evidence of anyone named "Carrie" related to Henry Ring. We know the Ring family lived and ran a hotel in Ringdale, nearby to Laporte, at about this time.

As for the Mason connection, aside from the contemporary event of losing a child, it turns out that William A. Mason had a sister named Zilpha, who married into the Rogers family. Her husband, Isaac Rogers (July 26, 1804-January 1859), was a brother of Moses Rogers and therefore would have been an uncle to Sadler Rogers. They were both sons of Samuel Rogers, Jr. and grandsons of Samuel Rogers, Sr. Larry Pardoe has researched this Rogers connection and verified it from Egle's Notes and Queries* [pages 199-200 and 319]. In any case, William A. Mason was a prominent local businessman. His wife was Mary Angeline Cheney. Mary Ellen Mason, the child memorialized here, was one of six children.
William Henry Egle's Notes and Queries was originally published between 1879 and 1895 as a series of newspaper columns in the Harrisburg Daily Telegraph, and then continued separately and was published in four annual volumes between 1896 and 1900.

Poem by Henry Ring
Memoriam for Mary Mason
and Three Unrelated Excerpts

We next come to three pages with a smorgasbord of different items glued into the scrapbook. The first contains a selection of unrelated poems, hymns and homilies as well as a memorial poem entitled "Death of little Ella M. Horn", penned by "M.M.C." We don't know the source, although the death is indicated as having occurred in "Newberry" on March 20, 1876. There was an important crossroads town named Newberry between Harrisburg and York along the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania, so perhaps that was the locale of the event. It is probably a safe assumption that this poem made it into the scrapbook due to being contemporary with the losses that Eliza suffered. Recall that, in 1876, Eliza suffered the death of a second child. You can access this page at Ella Horn et al. A related, but less specific page, provides a set of poems primarily about the loss of children. There is insufficient information to tie these memorials to any particular person at any particular time, but we can have little doubt of the motivation. This page is accessible at Eulogies for Unnamed Children.

The third page contains a working man's poem, several short humorous anecdotes from various sources, a poem [right hand column] that appears once again to have the death of a child as a theme, and, of most relevance to Sullivan County history, a memoriam to Mrs. Henry Yonkin. Mrs. Yonkin, born Barbara Hartzig, died on October 7, 1891, at age 89. As you can learn by reference to Descendants of Henry Yonkin and Barbara Hartzig, Mrs. Yonkin was Swiss by birth and she and her husband were among the early settlers of Sullivan County. The memorial poem shown here in the scrapbook was penned by Mrs. John Yonkin, 2nd, her daughter-in-law, born Loretta Bartch. You can see this page at Mrs. Henry Yonkin et al.

Next we come to another set of pages that seem to collect all kinds of unrelated topics that drew Eliza's attention:

[1} Assorted Romantic Poems
[2] Assorted Homilies
[3] More Assorted Homilies
[4] Facts About Battleships and Poem About Being Unmarried: The artcile about warships can be dated to no earlier than March 9, 1909, the date on which the Florida was commissioned. An excellent source for more information about the big-gun ships of the early twentieth century is Dreadnought.
[5] The Story of Arnold Winkelried: This heroic poem tells the story of a Swiss hero, usually recorded as "von Winkelried", who was killed fighting an Austrian army in 1386. The reprint date at the bottom of the page is 1903. there are dozens of entries on Winkelried on the Internet.

Let's return to more biographically oriented pages in the scrapbook. The next three pages are obituaries or testimonials to personalities who either were or could have been within the social and family orbit of our collector, Aunt Eliza Green. The first is a report, probably published in the Towanda Daily Review, a few days after the fiftieth wedding anniversary of Dr. and Mrs. C. M. Bradford of Canton, PA, held on Tuesday, June 7, 1955. Carl M. Bradford and Celia Leiby, both of Mainesburg, PA, had participated in a double ring wedding at Horseheads, NY with her brother Hosmer Leiby and Blanche McConnell of Mansfield, PA on the same date in 1905. How may the Bradfords have connected up with the Rogers family? For one thing, Dr. Bradford had practiced in Forksville from about 1909 to 1922, when he removed to Canton. Before that, he was the lumber company physician in Ricketts, PA, now a ghost lumber town in southeastern Sullivan County. It is likely they met up during his years in Sullivan County. [Note also that the preacher who married them, the Reverend William Yard, bears the surname of an old Bradford County family. In fact, the 1900 Federal census for Sullivan Township in Tioga County, PA has him there at age 27. We will add more on this connection as informtion becomes available.] You can view this story at The Bradfords.

The next two images contain several stories about Dr. John Davies and his wife, Naomi (Beauge) Davies, and an obituary about Mrs. George (Collins) Morter. Dr. Davies became a well-known celebrity figure in the Blossburg, Columbia County, PA community after moving there early in his career. Before doing so, he was the actual on-site delivering physician for the birth of Harold "Red" Grange in Forksville, Sullivan County on June 13, 1903. The first page, at John Davies and Mrs. George Morter, reproduces an article taken from the Williamsport, PA Gazette-Bulletin dated August 11, 1950. It describes a "Doctor Davies Day" in Blossburg. On the same page is the obituary for Mrs. Morter, daughter of Winfield Scott and Harriett (Rowe or "Roe") Collins, born in Forksville in 1889. This article seems to be clipped from The Sullivan Review from its style and formatting and would have been dated about 1952. From the kinships identified in the obituary--Collins and McCarty--we speculated that she was related to the same Collins family that Sarah Rogers married into [see above] and perhaps as well in a roundabout way to the Rogers family via the McCarty connection. In fact, with the help of Phil Herman, a Bradford County genealogist, and Larry Pardoe using his own and Phil's information, we have been able to make the connections as follows:

Phil Herman reports: Mrs Margaret Morter was my Great Aunt Margaret Collins Morter. She was the daughter of Winfield Scott Collins and Harriett Roe ("Rowe"). Her grandparents were William Y. Collins and Rebecca Frazier. As far as I know the only link was that the all lived in Forksville. Margaret and George Morter lived in Forksville all their lives. I am not sure why she was taken to a Blossburg hospital where she died. Margaret "Maggie" Collins was born in Forksville, Sullivan County, PA in Oct 1889. Margaret died in 1953 in Forksville, Sullivan County, Pa, at 63 years of age. She married George Morter. George was born 20 Apr 1874. George died 25 Feb 1955 in Forksville, Sullivan County, Pa, at 80 years of age. George and Maggie are buried at Fairmount Cemetery, Forksville. They had the following children:

Collins Morter: lived around Albany, NY
Merrill Morter: married Pearl _______
Madeleine Morter: married Robert Evans.

Larry Pardoe reports: I think I have found the connection from the Morter-Collins couple to the Rogers family. In Phil's family genealogy for Collins, he shows Alonzo Collins as a brother of Margaret's father, Winfield Scott Collins. Alonzo had a son named William Collins, born in 1869 and therefore a first cousin of Margaret (Collins) Morter. I believe that this is the William H. Collins who married Janette Sarah Rogers. My reasoning is that under Alonzo's notes in Phil's records appears what appears to be a comment from an issue of The Sullivan Review: We regret the continued ill health of A.A. COLLINS, of Forksville, has forced his retirement from active business. He has for a long time been actively identified with the furniture and undertaking business of Western Sullivan, and has always retained old customers and constantly added new ones. Recall that William H. Collins, Sarah's husband, was also in the undertaking and furniture businesses. Here are 1900, 1910, 1920 Federal census records for Canton, Tioga County:

1900 Canton Twp., Bradford Co., PA: Collins, William H., head, b. Sept 1868, PA., age 31, Undertaker, married 7 years
1910 Canton Boro, Bradford Co., PA Collins, William H., head, age 41, b. PA., Undertaker & Furn, married 17 years
1920 1st Ward, Canton Boro, Bradford Co., PA: Collins, William H., head, age 51, b. PA., Undertaker

Alonzo Collins had three children altogether: William H., Jesse and Blanche. William H. Collins, who we are asserting was married to Janette Sarah Rogers, named his second daughter Blanche - I believe named for his sister Blanche who died in 1897 a year before William's own daughter Blanche was born.

Here is a picture of George and Maggie (Collins) Morter contributed by Phil Herman in January 2006:

George and Margaret "Maggie" (Collins) Morter
Photo contributed by Phil Herman

Bill Little hosts the Little-Wentz Family Site. This resource tells us how the Wentz and Morter ["Mader", "Mawder", "Mortar"--sometimes anglicized in Sullivan county to "Martin"] families are related by marriage. One son of Michael and Margaret Mader, Valentine [who used "Morter" as his version of the surname], married Susannah M. Reeser, progeny of another prominent local German family. This couple were the parents of Cora B. (07/1879-1968) and George F. (04/20/1874-03/25/1955) Morter. These siblings married Collins siblings, William H. ("Harris") and Margaret Colins, respectively, as narrated above. Both couples lived in Forksville, although Harris and Cora later lived in Johnson City and Endicott, NY. Another child of Michael and Margaret Mader, Charlotte, married Conrad Wentz, the key linking those two families. The Wentz family eventually relocated to Kansas. You can find many of the Morter and related families interred at Peace Church Cemetery or Thrashers (Old Zion) Cemetery in Sullivan County. There are also several comments about the Mader/Morter family on the Peace Church Records page. Finally, you can read more about the Reeser family at Faces and Families of Old Sullivan County, Group Six; just scroll down to the section on the Reesers.

Turning to the Collins-McCarty connection, Larry Pardoe reports that Mrs. Rachel McCarty was Margaret "Maggie" (Collins) Morter's sister. She married Clinton McCarty. Her full name was Rachel Agnes Collins, born July 25, 1876, died February 2, 1967. She married Clinton P. McCarty on October 28, 1896 at the home of Rachel's parents. Clinton was born November 8, 1876 and died March 10, 1939. They had ten children. Rachel's father was Winfield Scott Collins, born in 1851, died in 1927. However, he apparently was married twice. He first married Rhoada/Rhoda Phillips. Phil Herman shows Winfield's wife as Rhoda E. Collins (not indicated if her maiden name was Phillips or not). Phil shows in his family file that Rhoda died in 1881. It appears that three children were born to the first wife Rhoda (Phillips) and three more children were later born to the second wife Harriet (Rowe).

The second of the two pages devoted to the Davies couple reports obituaries for both John Davies, dated January 21, 1953 and perhaps published in the Williamsport Gazette-Bulletin, and for his wife, Naomi (Beauge) Davies, dated about June 4, 1951, and perhaps published in the same paper. These obituaries can be viewed at John and Naomi Beauge Davies. The third item on this page, an obituary for Heyman Herr of Muncy, who died June 3, 1951, seems a bit out of context. But any scrapbook can be deceiving in this regard because one never knows for sure how the individual, in this case Aunt Eliza, putting the scrapbook together categorized the world around her.

So, who was Heyman Herr? From the obituary, we know he was a local merchant and also a member of the Jewish faith and congregation, something distinctive in its own right in Muncy of the 1950s. The 1930 Federal census for Muncy says he was born in "Poland" about 1877. Thanks to Carol Brotzman, we know that his draft registration card for World War One gives a birth date of April 26, 1875 and says he was born in "Russia". The 1900 Federal census for Davidson also says he was born in Russia and emigrated in "1872", clearly an error [three years before he was born] and likely to haveactually been "1892". Keep in mind that where he came from was called The Pale, a great swath of Eastern Europe where the Jewish people were granted rights, at least on occasion, to live and carry on their lives in peace. The very territory where he was born at times was under the jurisdiction of Russia, Poland, Germany, Lithuania, Belarus or the Ukraine. Without knowing the specific town or province he came from, any of these geographical references might be on the mark. Heyman had several children, one of whom, Morton, born in 1923 and died in 1980, had four children with his wife, Florence. Morton is believed to have been an artist, based on the recovery in 2002 of one of his paintings, signed by the artist himelf in 1966, at a garage sale in Palm Desert, CA, per Carol Brotzman.

The next item in the scrapbook once again shows how the strangest and most unlikely events can bring out the relationships among these families and their interactions with one another. We learn from the article shown at Encounter in Turkey and apparently clipped from The Sullivan Review that, late in 1950, Helen Rae Haight, daughter of Mrs. Eugene (Millicent "Millie" Wright) Avery, herself a Rogers descendant, bumped into a US Navy officer at the naval base in Izmir, Turkey. This officer, William "Bill" Rogers, was the son of Guy Rogers, grandson of William "Will" Rogers, and great-grandson of Moses Austin "M.A." Rogers, the Forksville storekeeper and brother of Sadler Rogers, all from Forksville. He was Helen's fourth cousin, accourding to Larry Pardoe. The introduction of these two cousins was apparently brokered by an unnamed great-nephew of "Alf" Collins, who is one and the same Alonzo A. Collins mentioned above as the father of William H. Collins. Ironically, the Haight family appears to have also been in the undertaking business in Forksville, as was the Collins family in Canton, The connections seem endless. Here is Larry Pardoe's further elaboration of these relationships:

Millicent "Millie" was the grandaughter of Ann Rogers. Ann Rogers was a daughter of Jonathan Rogers and Elizabeth (Snell).Rogers. This Jonathan was a brother of Moses Rogers, the father of Aunt Eliza's husband, Sadler Rogers. Millie Wright was the daughter of Richard Watson Wright and Ellen Elizabeth (Pardoe) Wright; we show their marriage license and pictures below. (Ellen was Larry's first cousin three times removed). Millie was married three times; first to Charles A. Haight; second to Taylor S. McCarty, and third to Eugene Avery. Helen Rae Wright was Millie's daughter by her first husband. Incidentally, Helen Ray (Haight) married Cevat Orhan - hence her married name in the article. They were married in 1937 so, in 1950 when the letter from Turkey was written, it probably would have carried her married name.

Helen's father Charles A. Haight was an undertaker according to the 1900 Forksville Federal census. His parents were living with him in 1900, with his wife and Helen. His father was an undertaker also. Parents - Allen A. and Emma M. Haight.

Your last statement "The connections seem endless" - you don't know how true that statement is. I might mention that, while going back through the ancestry of Millie, you will find, Pardoe, Molyneux, and Bird ancestors. Going back through Millie's father's ancestry, you will find, Wright, Rogers, Snell, and Grange ancestors!

Here is an old biography and black and white photo of Moses Austin Rogers, dated 1899. It was brought to our attention by Jim Whelan, to whom we are grateful.

Book of Biographies of the Seventeenth Congressional District,
Biographical Publishing Company of Chicago, Ill. and Buffalo, NY (1899)

Moses Austin Rogers
Photo courtesy of Jim Whelan
Source: Book of Biographies of the Seventeenth Congressional District, 1899

MOSES AUSTIN ROGERS, whose portrait the publishers present on the opposite page, is the oldest merchant in Sullivan County, Pa., having established himself in business in the town of Forksville in 1855, and it may be easily said that no other store in the county excels his. He is the senior member of the well known firm of M. A. Rogers & Son, which was formed in 1882, his son, William C., being junior member, and he is respected as one of the valued men of his community. He has been a life-long resident of Forksville. He was born March 22, 1833, and is a son of Moses and Jane (Sadler) Rogers, and grandson of Samuel Rogers.

The Rogers family is of English descent and our subject traces his ancestral history back to William Rogers, who was a grandson of John Rogers, the martyr, who was born in 1505. The next in line of descent was Joseph, born in 1732; then Samuel, born in Standah, England, May 1, 1760; the next was Samuel Rogers, Jr., the grandfather of our subject, who was born December 6, 1762, at Bramley, three miles west of Leeds in Yorkshire, England. He learned the trade of a weaver in his early days and followed it in his native country until the summer of 1801, when he and his family joined his oldest son, Samuel, who had come to America in 1800, and had located in the city of Philadelphia, Pa. He rented a small farm near that city, but, wishing to make a larger settlement for his family, he went north and at the forks of Loyalsock Creek, in Sullivan County, Pa., he purchased of Dr. Joseph Priestley, a tract of land consisting of 124 acres, the price per acre being but $2.50. He then returned to his family, sending his son, Jonathan, to his new home to erect a log cabin and prepare for their coming; there he cleared a part of his land and in addition to farming and working at his trade manufactured neatsfoot oil. His estate is now in the possession of his grandson, John W. Rogers. Samuel was married June 1, 1782, to Ann Gaunt, who was born in 1762, and they reared the following children: Samuel, born December 6, 1782, died February 14, 1857; Joseph, born August 1, 1784, died April 3, 1847; Jonathan, born October 7, 1785, died August 20, 1830; John, born February n, 1787, died March 1, 1858; William, born March 17, 1788, died November 19. 1872; Hannah, born February 13, 1790, died October 13, 1848; Richard, born July 15/1791, died November 15, 1875; David, born January 9, 1793, died February 10, 1840; Abram, born February 28, 1794, died March 6, 1794; Elizabeth, born April 9, 1795, died on the day of her birth; Martha, born May 8, 1796, died February 1, 1798; Benjamin, born September 28, 1797, died May 7, 1851; Reuben, born December 8, 1798, died July 24, 1850; Jacob, born January 31, 1800, died in June, 1801; George, born December 9, 1802, died October 24, 1804; Isaac, born July 26, 1804, died February 15, 1856; Moses, our subject's father; and Martha, born May 1808, died February 18, 1879. Our subject's grandfather died January 29, 1828, and his grandmother died in 1823.

Here are some quite old pictures of Moses and Jane (Sadler) Rogers, taken before 1879, courtesy of the Sullivan County Historical Society:

Moses Rogers

Jane (Sadler) Rogers

Moses Rogers was born on his father's homestead April 14, 1806, and worked with his father during his youth, assisting him in farming and the lumber business. He also worked in the woolen factory which was erected in 1803 by his brothers, Jonathan and Samuel. It was the first factory of its kind in that section of the state. They bought their wool in Philadelphia, hauled it over the mountains by teams, and manufactured it into cloth, which was then taken back to Philadelphia where it was made into clothing for the soldiers of the War of 1812. In 1817 the factory was destroyed by a flood and was never rebuilt. Moses later took possession of the homestead upon which he built a fine house and outbuildings and increased the acreage of the farm to 400 acres. He died February 18, 1879. His wife was Jane Sadler, a daughter of Joseph Sadler, and she was born August 20, 1810, and died February 6, 1892. The following children resulted from this union: Zilphia, born August 2, 1829; Samuel S., born September 22, 1831; Moses A., our subject; Isaac, born August 19, 1834; William, born October 8, 1836, was killed at the battle of Spottsylvania, May 12, 1864; Mary Jane, born February 8, 1838; and John W., born January 2, 1845. In politics Mr. Rogers was a Republican.

Moses Austin Rogers attended the common schools and then started in business as a clerk in the store of Alonzo Potter, who owned the first store in Forksville, and later was with W. J. Eldred, remaining with him for four years. In June, 1855, he erected a building and buying a complete line of general merchandise began business for himself; in 1874 he built on a new front to the store and to-day has one of the most complete general stores in Sullivan County; his store occupies two floors, both being stocked with all the articles which tend to make his stock of goods complete. He gives his customers the closest attention and by honesty and courtesy to his patrons has built up a very large trade. In 1882 he took his son William C. into the business, and the firm has since been known as M. A. Rogers & Son. In 1866 our subject erected a handsome home in the town; he also owns considerable other property in the township. Mr. Rogers is one of the most enterprising and progressive business men in the town of Forksville, always interested in any movement which tends to advance and build up his adopted town.

Mr. Rogers was wedded to Abigail Potter, a daughter of George W. Potter, a retired machinist of Towanda, and this union resulted in the following offspring: William C.; Charles S.; Josephine married R. W. Stephens, by whom she has two children, Leon-and Carlton; George Arthur; and Mary Eva, deceased.

William C. Rogers was born December 4, 1859, and was educated in the high school at Vineland, N, J., and at the Poughkeepsie Business College, graduating from the latter institution in 1882; upon returning home he entered the store of his father as a partner. He married Mary E. Wright, a daughter of John Wright, and to them one child has been born, Guy W., born March 31, 1884. He is a member of Evergreen Lodge, No. 163, F. & A. M.; No. 161, R. A. M., of Towanda; and No. 16, K. T., of Towanda. He served in the State Legislature in 1887-88 and has also served in the town council. He is vice-president and a director of the National Bank of Dushore.

Charles S. Rogers is a dentist of Towanda and married Mary Marsden, by whom he had three children: Stanley, Marsden, and Helen. George Arthur Rogers was born March 28, 1873, and is a graduate of the School of Electricity of Washington, D. C. In 1897 he bought out B. W. Fawcett of Forksville and now conducts a jewelry store. He is a member of Lodge No. 522, I. O. O. F., and is also past grand of the same. On January 17, 1899, he was united in marriage with Mazie Shafer, a daughter of Jesse Shafer of Forksville.

Our subject is a strong Republican in politics, as are all his sons, and served as postmaster thirty-one years; he has also been .school director and overseer of the poor. He was treasurer of the Home Insurance Company, but resigned in 1897, having held that office for eighteen years. In 1876 he was elected associate judge of Sullivan County and held the office for a period of five years. His associate on the bench was F. B. Pomeroy of Dushore, now deceased. In 1884 he was alternate delegate to the national convention in Chicago which nominated James G. Elaine. Religiously he is a member of the Methodist Church and has served as trustee, steward and superintendent of the Sunday School. Socially he is a member of I. O. O. F.

As we mentioned above, Richard Watson Wright married Ellen Elizabeth Pardoe on December 24, 1871 at Elkland, Sullivan County, PA. The original marriage license was rediscovered in Leesburg, Florida in 2007 by Cyndi DeMeulenaere. Cyndi informed us of her find through a cousin of hers, Marilyn Zelner Carter, who coincidentally is a self-proclaimed "ancestor addict". Incredibly, the license includes attached pictures of the bride and groom, as well as the minister who married them, written as "W. Peper, M.G." Presumalby, this means Reverend W. Peper, Minister of God. We have reproduced the original picture at this link. However, after examination and conservation by Bob Sweeney, the original was donated to the Sullivan County Historical Society and Museum in Laporte, PA, where it can be seen on request.

Here is the link to Wright and Pardoe Original Marriage License. The picture was taken by Cyndi DeMeulenaere before she mailed the original to Bob Sweeney. Here also are comments about this artifact, its discovery and relationship to local history, as recaptured in the observations of the discoverers, as well as Larry Pardoe, our consulting historian of the Pardoe family:

Cynthia DeMeulenaere to Larry Pardoe on February 24, 2007:

Let me tell you how this came into our posession. My husband and I purchased a mobile home in Leesburg, Florida last year from a man named Richard Maenle. After the sale was finalized, I couldn't find a way to reach him.
We have some friends that wanted to rent the place from us for the winter season (they are from Michigan, and didn't want to winter there). We gave them a key to go up and get a feel for the area, and they did some cleaning while there. In one of the bedrooms, laying flat on a top shelf, was this original marriage certificate. The Maenle family only owned the place for a little over a year. Anyway, our friend left it where we would see it, and there you have it. I don't know who owned the place before the Maenle's did, and I don't know if they are part of your family tree. If they are, I'm sure they would like it back. But, if not, we would certainly like to make sure it gets to someone in the family so it is back where it should be.
I have scanned it into my computer, but the writing is faint, so it is difficult to make out. It's a bit tattered and quite stained, but still very legible, and needs to find its way home. I appreciate the info on the couple, as it is just nice to know something about them.
The writing on the certificate says "This certifies that R. W. Wright of ??? Bradford Co. State of Pennsylvania and E. E. Pardoe of Elkland Sullivan Co. State of Pennsylvania were united in Holy matrimony by me according to the ordinance of God and the laws of the state of Pennsylvania at Elkland Church on the 24th day of December in the year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and seventy-one.

W. Peper, M.G.
N. E. Peper

Witnesses: N. C. Pardoe
M. ?. Rogers

Lary Pardoe to Cyndi on February 24, 2007:

As to the witnesses, it appears that the first one on the left is N. C. Pardoe (Nelson C. Pardoe, brother of Ellen Elizabeth Pardoe who himself had just gotten married two days earlier). The second appears to be M. W. Rogers. I'm just guessing here, but Nelson married Anna Rogers and she had a sister Marion Winifred Rogers. Perhaps she was the other witness. I'm a blank on the two Peper [?] signatures. I have tons of them in my family tree data base, but am unable to connect unless they were clergy with the church or such.

Thank you for writing Bob Sweeney regarding the original marriage certificate. I agree with Bob that, if you could scan it and send to him to post on his Sullivan County Web Page, it would get much broader viewing there. There are quite a few direct descendants of Richard and Ellen still living in the Sullivan County area, having just met some this past summer at the Molyneux Reunion. Ellen was my 1st cousin, 3 times removed. Her father Thomas Pardoe (1822-1866) was a brother of my great-great grandfather, John Pardoe (1811-1859).

Thomas Pardoe (1822-1866) was the eighth and last child of Joseph Pardoe (1778-1866) and Sarah (Williams) Pardoe (abt. 1778-1863). Thomas married Margaret Molyneux (1822-1870) and together they had eight children. Ellen Elizabeth Pardoe (1848-1886) was the second child born to them. She married Richard Watson Wright (1843-1901) on December 24, 1871 (as you have confirmed by the subject marriage license). Richard was the third of eight children of Rev. Charles B. Wright (1812-1894) and Ann (Rogers) Wright (1813-1892).

Richard and Ellen were the parents of seven children; Walter Scott Wright (1873-1949); Millicent Wright (1874-1957); Edward Bruce Wright (1876-1955); Estella Wright (1878-1958); Anna Wright (1879-1968); Sarah Wright (1880-1964) and Stanley Watson Wright (1886- ????).

The Wright children married into the following families; Rumsey, Drinnon, Haight, McCarty, Avery, Glidewell, Van Dyke, Vail, Louden and Bedford. They have left numerous descendants that carry the following family names; Wright, Haight, Nastally, Strange, Hogdon, Howells, Cummings, Brown, Rinker, Pasternostro, Simms, Bennett, Baumunk, Van Dyke, Williammee, Hertel, Angradi, Shedden, Van Sickle, Haflett, Louden, Cole, Dill and Lester. THere are likely many more than those mentioned here.

Cyndi to Larry and Bob Sweeney on February 25, 2007:

Yes, it appears that the pictures are of Mr. Wright and Miss Pardoe, as well as the minister that married them. Mr. Wright's picture is barely hanging on, but I am not going to tape it on there better, as I don't want to change any part of the document. It appears that either originally, or whoever had it, at some point put a piece of paper over the backs of the pictures and taped them on. Since Mr. Wright's picture is starting to come off, my husband and I noticed that if you gently lift the piece of paper, it also tells on the back of his photo that the photographer was an M. Gustin from Troy, PA. It says that duplicates can be had at any time by sending name and number of negative. It would be REALLY interesting if someone found the old negatives in one piece, but I'm sure that is probably out of the question. As I mentioned before, the whole thing is really in quite good condition for the age of it. I would love to be there when it is received on your end to see the excitement. I know I would be thrilled to death if anyone found something like this for our family, especially with the history behind it. I just can't wrap my brain around the fact that I am looking at a picture of someone who fought under Custer!

I have sent the original info to the friends that are renting our mobile home to see if they can ask around to find out if any of the surnames you mentioned happened to live there at any time. My husband said he was told that there was a lady that owned the mobile home before Richard Maenle, and she had passed away. I have a feeling she may be our connection, but I don't know her name. If I find out, I will be sure to let you know. The mobile home is in Sandpiper Mobile Home Manor in Leesburg, Florida. On a MapQuest map, it appears to be actually in Eustis, but the address is Leesburg. It is approximately 40 or so miles north of Orlando, near the Ocala National Forest. I'm hoping there are some old timers in the park who will know who lived there before the Maenles (pronounced man-ly).

Bob Sweeney to Cyndi and Larry on February 25, 2007:

Thanks to both of you. Cyndi: if you will mail it to me, I will see if it needs any physical conservation and then donate it with background notes on its discovery to the Sullivan County Historical Society and Museum in Laporte, Pa. Elkland is a small community in western Sullivan County; it was settled early in the 19th century and had a substantial number of members of the Society of Friends (Quakers) living in that area.

Larry: As usual, you have gone above and beyond with an informed response. I received the scan earlier this evening and have been admiring it for form and historical value. I will certainly post the scan on our site along with the comments from you, Marilyn and Cyndi.

I have also requested that Cyndi mail me the original. My wife and I will carefully review it for any useful conservation [My wife Lynn is kind of an amateur expert at this stuff], and then donate it to the Sullivan County museum with accompanying notes.

It is a tragedy that too often the artifacts of our history are lost, damaged or misplaced. Cyndi and Marilyn, I hope you feel good about being among the few insightful folks who care enough to help preserve these things. Larry, of course, is also a rare and special kind of individual…one who gives of his time and effort to inform us of the context and relationships that created this part of our society nearly 140 years ago.

Finally, we located the obituary of Richard "Watson" Wright, which we reproduce here:

The Sullivan Review
August 29, 1901

Death of Watson Wright

Watson Wright of Elkland township, went to Philadelphia about three weeks ago for treatment at a hospital suffering from nervous prostration.
Early last week he wrote to his family that he was feeling very much better and expected to start for home in a day or two. On Thursday he started for home, bringing with him a fine team, to which he had taken a fancy and purchased.
He was riding in the caboose of the freight train that carried his team, so as to be near them and care for them. Near Bridgeport he was told by the trainmen that one of his horses was bleeding badly, and he went to the car to see about it. It is supposed that while looking through the slats of the car at the horses that the train went on and left him.
He then started to walk to the station when he was run down by the Canon Ball Express. This was about p.m. and he was found at ten o'clock lying by the side of the tracks with both legs cut off, but still alive and breathing heavily. He was taken to the hospital at Norristown, where he died at midnight.
When the car containing the horses arrived at East Penn Junction one of the horses was found to be dead. The remaining horse was brought to this place and cared for by the company.
The remains of the unfortunate man were brought to Muncy Valley Sunday and from that place taken to his home. The funeral and interment were held Monday.
Mr. Wright was a man very well known, and highly respected all over Sullivan County, and news of his death will be heard with sincere regret by all. He was aged 56 years, and leaves a family of seven children, three boys and four girls. His wife died some years ago.

Our Estella correspondent furnishes the following sketch:

Richard Watson Wright was born in Forks township, now Forksville, June 8, 1843, and was the son of Rev. Charles Wright.
October 9, 1864, he enlisted in Second New York Harris Light Cavalry Company, K. N.Y. volunteers, and soon was advanced to corporal. He had a horse shot from under him April 6, 1865, at Harper's farm; was in the battle of Five Forks and several skirmishes; was present and saw the first flag of truce between Lee and Grant at Appomatox and was in the grand review at Washington. He served under that intrepid leader General G.A. Custer.

The next scrapbook entry presents obituaries for two sons of Moses Austin Rogers, Dr. Charles S. Rogers and G. A. Rogers. There is also an obituary for Mary (Marsden) Rogers, the wife of Charles S. Rogers. These men would have been nephews of Sadler Rogers, a brother of Moses. None of these entries are dated, although we know from the text of these articles that Mary died in 1917 at age 51. Her husband, a prominent dentist, then moved west the following year. Her obituary identifes two surviving sons and one daughter. The articles are accessible at Children of M. A. Rogers. The Towanda Daily Review appears to be the source for the obituaries of Charles S. Rogers and his wife, while The Sullivan Review seems to be the source for that of G. A. Rogers.

We now arrive at a group of pages that are "biographical" through obituaries and testimonials of several relatives of the Rogers, as well as other prominent personalities in nineteenth century Sullivan County history. The first page tells us about the death in Boston, MA of Margaret Burrows Rogers, formerly of Muncy, PA in Lycoming County along the southern border of Sullivan County. She was the widow of Judson K. Rogers. No date or newspaper source is identified, although it appears to have been a paper local to the Muncy area. What can we say about this entry in the scrapbook?

Carol Brotzman uncovered the facts in this case and also led us to an entirely unexpected and novel Rogers family connection. It turns out that Judson Rogers was the son of Richard Gaunt and Mary (Bly) Rogers. Richard (October 16, 1822-January 23- 1874) was born in Muncy Creek, in what is now Sullvan County, and in turn was the son of Samuel Rogers and Mary Ackroyd. This Samuel Rogers was a brother of Moses Rogers, Sadler's father, and a son of the founder. Judson was born in 1844 in Briar Creek, Columbia County, PA, just to the south of Sullivan County. He married Margaret Burrows ("Borrows"), daughter of John Borrows who, in the 1850 Federal census, is living with his wife Phebe in Muncy, Lycoming County, PA, and is 31 years of age. By the 1860 census, the mother has died and Margaret is 15 years of age. The 1880 Federal census has Margaret married to Judson by now and the family is living in White Pigeon, St. Joseph County, Michigan. It was not uncommon for Sullivan County families to go west to find their fortunes. Judson, a "dealer in paints", must have moved the family there for the opportunity. They had four children--Richard G. Jerry B., Maud and Hattie L., and a live-in-servant with her infant daughter. The oldest child is 14, indicating a marriage date of perhaps 1875 or thereabouts. The youngest child is three years old. The family returned to Muncy, according to the obituary shown here, before Judson died, and both he and Margaret are buried in the Muncy Cemetery. All of these children except one of the daughters survived their mother, and a younger son, Milton, not shown in 1880, was also listed in the obituary. The obituary indicates a large circle of relatives and friends in the local area before Margaret went to live with a daughter and her family in Boston. We can be sure that Eliza Green Rogers was part of that circle. We can estimate the date of the obituary to about 1918, if the birth date of 1844 and listed age at death of 73 are accepted for Margaret.

The next page contains the obituaries or death notices for Albert C. Little, Rachael D. (Snell) Little, Harriett McBride and John T. Molyneux. They can be examined at Little et al Obituaries. Of course, we have seen many of these names before in the scrapbook, reflecting the family bonds and residential links among these surnames. The obituary for Albert Little says he was born in Sullivan County, April 10, 1836, son of William and Rebecca Little, and by inference from the text that he died on February 24, 1913 in Picture Rocks, Lycoming County, PA. The newspaper of record is the Williamsport Gazette and Bulletin. He appears to have been quite a developer and was active in the founding and growth of Eagles Mere, Hughesvelle [Lycoming County], and Picture Rocks. He was a descendant of one of the great Sullivan County families, which you can read about at The Little Heritage: An American Odyssey.

We already know from earlier in the scrapbook that the Little and Rogers families had several connections. There appears to be yet another one through Rachael Snell, born December 11, 1825 and died April 26, 1909, which must be close to the unreported date of this testimonial published most likely in The Sullivan Review. She was the widow of Ezra Little, whom she married in 1868. Here is his obituary:

The Sullivan Review
March 23, 1905

Hillsgrove was greatly shocked by the news of the death of E.S. Little, Esq., at his late residence, at seven p.m., Friday last, due to a tragic accident.
Mr. Little, with his son and nephew, was cutting shingle timber on Bear Mountain near his home. A stump became detached and slid down the mountain, crushing the unfortunate man against a log. By strength, which would seem impossible, the heavy body was removed and the unfortunate man carried home where, after three hours of intense pain, death ended his sufferings. His death ends a career marked by kind acts and an unselfish devotion of Christian virtues.
Ezra S. Little was born in Bradford County October 28, 1839, and was the son of William P. and Rebecca Rogers Little. He was educated in the public schools of Bradford County. At the outbreak of the civil war he enlisted in the 141st regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was at the battle of Fredericksburg and Chancellorville, receiving a gunshot wound at the latter place, and was again wounded at Spotsylvania. After a few weeks spent in a military hospital he rejoined his regiment and was present at the surrender of Lee at Appomatox. He was honorably discharged May 27, 1865.
Returning home he taught several terms of school in this district, finally settling on his present homestead. He married December 8, 1868, to Miss Rachael D. Snell, who, with an adopted son, James, two sisters and three brothers as follows: Mrs. Harriet Pardoe, of Forksville, Mrs. Emma Whitehouse, W. Martin and Joseph R., of Ida, Iowa, and A.C. of Eagles Mere, survive him.
Politically he was a staunch Republican, casting his first vote for Lincoln. He has served one term as county commissioner, has held nearly all the township offices and recently finished his fifth term as justice of the peace. He was a member of the Sullivan County Agriculture Society and a member of J.B. Jones Post, No. 305, of Forksville. Religiously he was a member of the Wesleyan Methodist Church and a trustee of the church building at Hillsgrove for several terms.
The funeral Monday, under the auspices of the G.A.R. was largely attended. Rev. Bowen, of Millview officiated

We also know from our earlier encounter with the Little connections that Jonathan Rogers (1785-1830), son of Samuel Rogers and Ann Gaunt Rogers, was married to Elizabeth Snell (1783-1830). Rachel D. Snell was a niece of Jonathan and Elizabeth, according to Jean Rosenkranz. Her parents were John I. Snell, Elizabeth's brother, and Rachel Calflesh. Apparently, Rachel, in company with her sister, Sarah Snell, was quite a Good Samaritan, according to the article. Rachel and Sarah were daughters of John Snell (December 9, 1783-March 31, 1855) and Rachel (Calflesh) Snell (September 2, 1788-October 10, 1858). Altogether, there were 13 children in this family, including two girls named Rachel [the first died in 1820 at age four days, per Larry Pardoe, and the parents then apparently named another daughter Rachel later on].

This same scan also shows a death notice for Harriett McBride of Hillsgrove, Sullivan County, with the date unreported, but likely published in The Sullivan Review. The Hillsgrove Cemetery indicates that she lived from 1830 to 1918. There are many Rogers and Sadler burials at this location as well. but the connection with Harriett is actually through the Green family!!--that is, the family of Aunt Eliza (Green) Rogers herself. Larry Pardoe tells us what the relationships are, and Carol Brotzman gives us their lineage history:

Harriet Green, was born October 26, 1831 in Pennsylvania and died in 1918. She married James H. McBride (probably before 1855 as that is the date of their first born, and possibly before 1850, since he was living with Harriett's parents in Plunkett Creek at that time). He was born about 1829-1830 in Northumberland County, PA, son of Samuel McBride and Mary Brobst "Brobst" is an old German surname with connections to the German-American families in Sullivan County. You can learn more about this family at The Brobst/Probst Family History and Genealogy and The Ancestors of Ralston Hunsinger.

Harriet Green's parents were Richard Green (born in 1782 in New Jersey and died February 16, 1872 in Hillsgove, PA) and Mary Plotts (born December 26, 1792 in New Jersey, and died September 10, 1880 in Hillsgrove). Harriett's parents had married about 1791 in New Jersey. Richard and Mary (Plotts) Green had at least 12 children. Larry believes that Harriet was actually an "AUNT" to Aunt Eliza. He has not yet confirmed the identity of Eliza's parents. He suggests that one of Harriet's brothers - probably "Isaac", who was born in 1818 and died in 1847, might be Eliza Green's father, but that is just a "hunch" for now. He only knows that Eliza's mother was born in England. Census records will show that Eliza was raised in 1850 and 1860 with her grandparents, and in 1870 was living with Samuel "Sadler" Rogers. At that time, she is shown as Elizabeth Green, age 25. Sadler's first wife, Sarah B. (Plotts) Rogers, had died in February 12, 1869 and Larry suspects that Eliza Green, granddaughter of a "Plotts" [i.e., Mary Plotts, wife of Richard Green], was there to help with the children and housing chores. Sadler and Eliza were married later that year on September 20, 1870 in Forksville, PA. So, whatever the actual details, Harriet was a blood reltive of Eliza, likely an aunt and sister of Eliza's so-far unidentified father. It is also known that Sarah B. Plotts, who preceded Eliza as the wife of Sadler Rogers, was a niece to Margaret Plotts, wife of Benjhamin Huckell whom we met above. To be explicit, Sarah's father George Plotts was a brother of Margaret Plotts. Of course, George and Margaret Plotts had another sister, Mary Plotts, who married Richard Green, the grandfather of Eliza Catherine Green, our own "Aunt Eliza"! Can you begin to see the range of complexity in the relationships here?

In 1900, Harriett was living with her son-in-law Augustus A. Ludy and his wife [her daughter] Annetta A. (McBride) Ludy in Hillsgrove, per the Federal census. Annetta ("Nettia" in the 1880 census) was born on May 30, 1858 in Hillsgrove. In 1880, they had a daughter and were also sharing their household with Jonathan Snell, two of his children, and Elmira Brown, listed as a servant. As was apparent from the McBride-Green connection above and will become even clearer in the discussion of the relationships with the Speaker and Yaw families below, the Snells were also a related family [see below]. In any case, here is the obituary for Augustus, who died in 1944.

The Sullivan Review
February 10, 1944

Augustus A. Ludy, 93, of Hillsgrove, died at the Williamsport Hospital at 8 o'clock Tuesday, Feb. 8, 1944. He had been in ill health for the past three months and was admitted to the hospital eight weeks ago.
Mr. Ludy was born in Huntersville July 20, 1851, and lived in Hillsgrove for the past 65 years. He was a former woodsman of Sullivan County and in logging day's piloted rafts from Hillsgrove down the river for John B. Emery. He was at one time in the lumber business in Hillsgrove. Mr. Ludy was an employee of the Elk Tanning Company in Hillsgrove. He also carried mail over the Hillsgrove-Mawr Glen route, no longer used.
Mr. Ludy married Annetta McBride, of Barbours, on Jan. 30, 1879.
Surviving are his wife, one daughter, Mrs. Edna Bird of 427 ˝ Louisa Street, Williamsport; a brother, Peter, of Ralston; five grandchildren and one great grandchild.

Remember that we have already met three Snell sisters and now we encounter their nephew in the Ludy household! Jonathan R. Snell, born December 7, 1843, in Hillsgrove, and died December 16, 1926, was a son of John Colflesh* Snell (1812-1883) and Catherine Taylor (1826-1889), daughter of Robert Taylor, Sr. and Elizabeth Mayhew. This John was one of the thirteen known children of John Snell and Rachel Colflesh. You can learn more about his wife's Taylor family at Faces and Families of Old Sullivan County, Group Six. In any case, Jonathan R. Snell married Sarah Jane Rogers, born 1844 in PA and died 1929. Jonathan and Sarah were divorced before 1880. She was a daughter of Wesley Rogers and Effie Corson. So far, we have have been unsuccesful at connecting this Rogers family to the Sullivan County Rogers family, but a relationship of some kind is likely. Wesley's father was James Rogers, born in 1786 in England.
* Editor's Note: There are various spellings--Colflesh, Calflesh, Colflesh, Kholfleish.

Incidentally, Harriet McBride was related by marriage to another prominent family in the Hillsgrove area--the Speakers! Her husband James was the oldest brother of Ida McBride, who was the wife of John Lyman Speaker. He in turn was the son of Judge John A. Speaker and Sarah Speaker, whose obituary is presented on the next page below!!. Judge Speaker was truly a foudning influence, just like Moses and Sadler Rogers, in the development of Sullivan County. In 1881, a terrible tragedy struck the younger Speaker family as detailed at Sudden Death in 1881.

On this page, we also have an obituary for John T. Molyneaux, who died in Allentown, PA, as reported in an undated issue of The Sullivan Review. He was married to Nettie Heess. The marriage notice for this couple reported her name as "Nellie", not Nettie.

The Sullivan Review
March 23, 1912

John Molyneaux and Miss Nellie Hess [Editor's Note: Correct spelling is Heess.] were quietly married at the Wesleyan Methodist parsonage at Millview, by the Rev. Wm. Frazier, Wednesday, March 6.
After a visit to New York City, Mr. and Mrs. Molyneaux will be at home to their many friends in Millview in a home already furnished by the groom

Larry Pardoe observes that this is John T. Molyneux (not "Molyneaux"). He was the son of Thomas Molyneux and Elizabeth E. Huckell. John T. Molyneux was b. November 14, 1879, and died May 15, 1929. He married Nellie M. Heess, born August 2, 1885 in Forksville, and died January 27, 1954. Her parents were Christian Theodor Heess - Americanized as "Theodore Christian Heess" and Elizabeth M. McCarty.

Note the variant in the spelling of the Molyneux/Molyneaux name. The Millview Cemetery shows a birth date of November 14, 1879 and a death date of May 15, 1929 for John. Given that the Review was usually published every Thursday, we can speculate that the date of this obituary is May 23, 1929. He had three surviving sisters, one of whom, Mrs. S. B. Kilmer [nee Mary Molyneux] (1868-1960) is buried with her husband (1860-1942) at the same cemetery. Incidentally, there is also a "Nellie M. Molyneux" (1885-1954) buried in the same cemetery. Perhaps, if "Nellie" is the correct name, this is John's wife.

The Heess family is also an old and well-known one in Sullivan County *.

* Editor's Note: The Heees surname is spelled "Hess" or "Heess" somewhat at random, it appears. In the most current Baumunk-Heess Family Tree, the former variation is used, so that is what we will use when referring to that branch of the family. We are grateful to Wendy Giuliano of Rochester, NY for this family source document, donated in April 2013.

Here also is Larry Pardoe's response to Bob Sweeney's observation that he had obtained a Heess family history (see below):

I am glad to hear that someone contributed the "Heess" family genealogy. Patricia (Newell) Smith sent me A Translation of the Heess Families as recorded in Germany prior to 1852 and Christian G. and Dorothea W. Heess and Their Descendants 1852-1956, compiled by John K., Albert F. and Frances E. Heess in 1956. As information in case you weren't aware, John K. Heess also prepared a genealogy of the McCarty Family in 1957: A brief record of the origin of the McCarty family, 1690-1790, and a record of Joel and Ellen (Roberts) McCarty and their descendants, 1790-1957.

The first mentioned source takes the "Heess" family back to Johann Georg Heess (no dates) and no spouse. He had a son with the same name who married Christina Freund (no dates either). Two generations later, Christian Gottfried Heess and wife Wilhelmina Dorothea Wiegle came to America about 1852 and settled in Sullivan County. As the 1956 history tells us:

Christian G. and Dorothea W. Heess * emigrated to America in the year 1852. They came from Connstadt, near Stuttgart, in the Kingdom of Wurtemburg, Germany. They came to this country, in part at least, to escape the military conscription, under which all the young men in Germany were forced to serve several years in the army. Christian G. Heess was a cabinet maker by trade. In preparation for coming to this country, he made several large boxes or trunks, in which they packed all their belongings and in 1852 they embarked on a sailing vessel from the port of Havre, France. They were on the ocean several weeks or perhaps one month.
They landed at New York, and intended going to the industrial city of Cleveland, Ohio. They had friends there and they expected to find employment for the older boys.
However, in New York they fell into the hands of a man by the name of Smith. He posed as a land specialist and painted a very rosy picture of a place at Elk Lake, Elkland Township, Sullivan County, Pa. They bargained for a parcel of land at this place but on arrival they found it to be mostly forest, the soil very thin and poor and nothing but a sort of shed or stable to live in. They remained there at least three years as their twin sons, Robert and Paul, were born in this stable. In 1856, after going through all this privation and hardship, it turned out that Smith could not give them a clear title to the land and they lost it and also their money.
At the end of this period they purchased about 100 acres of virgin forest at a place about five miles distant, but still in Elkland Township. On this they built a large log house, a barn and other small buildings. Some years later they built a very comfortable large frame house. By very hard work, much privation and many hardships, they finally made for themselves a very good home and a productive farm.
With very few roads, few bridges and an all day journey to any town to do trading, these were the pioneer days in Sullivan County. They brought with them from Germany four sons, Carl age 4, Theodore age 7, Albert and Ferdinand, whose ages were probably about 9 and 14. Also two daughters, Matilda, age 1 and Amelia, age 11. The older grandchildren, Albert F. and John K. Heess, have only a dim recollection of their grandfather, but remember very well their grandmother. They went often across the fields to see her and she always had a nice lunch of sweets ready. She kept her hardwood floors scrubbed white. They can also see her now, as she sat reading her German Bible. Grandfather had a shop in the log house and he made fine furniture of cherry wood. Some of this is still in use by his grandchildren.
Christian G. and Dorothea W. Heess and their children were in this country only eight years when the War of the Rebellion (Civil War) broke out and the two sons Albert and Ferdinand volunteered in the Union Army.
* Editor's Note: Courtesy of Wendy Giuliano, we now have access to two important source documents on the Heess family:

Heess Family Records in Germany
Christian and Dorothea Heess Descendants

Both documents together seem to constitute the same history referred to by Larry Pardoe as written in 1956 by three Heess descendants.

I hope this information might help for an introduction to the family's origin and how they got to Sullivan County. There are many Sullivan County families connected to the Heess Family. My personal interest started with Christian Theodor Heess * and his marriage to Elizabeth M. McCarty. Elizabeth was a daughter of Aaron McCarty and Elizabeth Pardoe (a sister of my great-great-grandfather).

*Larry Pardoe's Note: German version of name from Parish records: Christian Theodor Heess.

Another source of information about the Heess family is the biographical page on the aforementioned Albert F. Heess, published in Chronicles of Central Pennsylvania, by Frederic A. Godcharles, Litt.D., (New York, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1944, pages 116-117):

Albert F. Heess--Since he began his career at the Sullivan County bar, Albert F. Heess has risen to prominence both in his profession and in public life. Although he has important associations as a practicing attorney, much of his career has been devoted to public service. For many years he was prothonotary, register of wills, recorder of deeds and clerk of the several courts of Sullivan County, proving himself an able and devoted public official. In consequence, by choice of the electorate, he has been retained without interruption in public office and is now completing his second term as district attorney of the county.
Mr. Heess was born in Elkland Township, Sullivan County, on January 1, 1872, son of Theodore C. and Elizabeth (McCarty) Heess. His father, who was born in Constatt, near Stuttgart, Wurttemberg, Germany, in 1845, came to this country in 1852 with his parents, Christian and Dorothy Heess, who settled in Elkland Township. Theodore C. Heess became a farmer after receiving his education and devoted his active life to agricultural pursuits. He married Elizabeth McCarty, born in Elkland Township in 1844, daughter of Aaron and Elizabeth (Pardoe) McCarty, a teacher prior to her marriage in the public schools of Sullivan County.
Albert F. Heess was one of five children born of this marriage. He received his preliminary education in the Friends school near his boyhood home, studied for four years at Westtown Boarding School, where he finsihed in 1892, and then completed a business course in shorthand and bookkeeping at the Williamsport Commercial College, from which he was graduated in 1898. Two years earlier, in 1896, he was elected county auditor of Sullivan County and continued as such during a three-year period. For five years he tuaght in the public schools of Sullivan County and for some two years was associated with the United States Census Bureau, beginning on July 1, 1900, when he was appointed census taker for his district. This connection took him eventually to Washington, District of Columbia, where he began the study of law at Columbian (now George Washington) University and completed the regular three-year course in two years. Upon his graduation on June 3, 1902, he received a diploma signed by three associated justices of the United States Supreme Court: John M. Harlan, David J. Brewer and Willis Van Devanter. On OCtober 17, 1902, Mr. Heess was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. He has also been admitted to practice before the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia and before the courts of Sullivan and Bradford counties, Pennsylvania, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania and the United States Circuit Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania.
Upon his return to Pennsylvania in 1902, Mr. Heess began the active practice of law at Dushore in association with Rush J. Thomson. THe firm of Thomson and Heess was continued until June 1, 1907. On November 5, 1907, following its dissolution, Mr. Hees was elected prothonotary, register of wills, recorder of deeds and clerk of the several courts of Sullivan County for a term of three years. With the enactment of the constitutional amendment in 1910, his term of office was extended one year and on November 7, 1911, he was reelected for a second term of four years, receiving both the Republican party nomination, his own party, and the Democratic nomination as well. This distinction evidenced the value placed upon his services and his justified popularity with the electorate. Through successive elections during a quarter of a century, he was regularly returned to office and relinquished it only to stand for election as district attorney of Sullivan County. In this venture at the polls he was equally successful. As district attorney he has continued his notable record of public service and upon the completion of his first term was again endorsed by the electorate, winning election for the second term as district attorney which he is now serving.
In addition to the responsibilities of public office, Mr. Heess serves as attorney of the First National Bank of Dushore, of which he has also been a director for some years. He is a member of the Dushore Fire Company No. 1, is affiliated fraternally with Dushore Tent, No. 271, Knights of the Maccabees *, and in religious faith is a member of the Society of Friends (Quakers). He is today one of the best known citizens of Sullivan County and enjoys in the fullest measure the respect and regard of his fellow-townsmen [sic], the residents of La Porte [sic].
On November 14, 1900, at Lincoln Falls, Elkland Township, Sullivan County, Mr. Heess married Elizabeth M. Rogers, born at Lincoln Falls, February 26, 1870, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth Rogers. They are the parents of four children: 1. Alberta Elizabeth (Heess) Calvert, born at Dushore, December 25, 1902. 2. J. Rogers Heess, born September 13, 1904; he has two children, Janet Heess, aged six years, and Rirhcard Marshall Heess, aged four years. 3. Frances Emelia Heess, born September 30, 1905. 4. Robert Harlan Heess, born at La Porte [sic], Pennsylvania, June 14, 1908.

Editor's Note: Albert F. Heess died in 1957 and is interred at New Friends Cemetery in Elkland, Sullivan County, PA. Also buried there are his wife Elizabeth (1869-1955, according to her stone), and his parents, Theodore (1845-1916) and Elizabeth (1844-1937). His grandparents, Christian G. (1808-1874) and Dorothy (Weakley) Heess (1817-1882), are buried at Old Friends Cemetery in nearby Shunk, PA. Here is a copy of a Campaign Letter he wrote to his constituents in 1915 when he was running for re-election as County Prothonotary. Note that he penciled in "Father" as the addressee, so presumably this was the copy of his form appeal letter that actually went to his father, Theodore C. Heess. Once again, we are grateful to Wendy Giuliano for the attached copy of this document.

* Editor's Note: The Knights of the Maccabees was a fraternal order founded in Canada in 1878 to provide social and charitable work. It had close to 300, 000 members at the end of the 19th century. The Maccabbes still exist, although much smaller in scale, in the 21st century. Dushore hosted a local chapter or "tent". We know they met at Garey's Hall in Dushore in the 1890s. Also, they apparently had an annual charity ball, as indicated by the note on the postcard shown below. This card, dated 1906, mentions that the annual ball was to be held on February 16, 1906, but the writer was too ill to attend. The photo in the card, by the way, shows the Dushore Public School.

Dushore Public School Postcard
Featuring Handwritten Reference to the Maccabees Ball
Photo contributed by Scott Tilden
Original published by C. M. Williams
Auctioned on eBay in February 2011

We return now in the next scan to the Huckell family with whom the Rogers family was related by blood, as previously mentioned, through Jonathan Rogers. At Huckells, Speaker and Yaws, you will find a testimonial about Daniel T. Huckell and an obituary for Mrs. Sarah A. (Ball) Speaker**, and death notices for S. D. Yaw and his wife, Mary Yaw. All of these articles appear to have been clipped from The Sullivan Review.
** Editor;s Note: As we will discuss further below, the obituary incorrectly identifies her maiden name as "Huckle", but we now believe it was Ball.

Daniel T. Huckell was second cousin of Emaline (Huckell) Lewis and Harriett (Huckell) Wiseman, whom we met earlier in the scrapbook. Daniel was the son of John Huckell born about 1787 in England and Eleanor R. Little, born September 2, 1799, in New Jersey, and died July 15, 1877. They were married September 17, 1829 in Shrewsbury Twp., then Lycoming County; now Sullivan County, PA. This marriage was reported in the October 9 issue of The Lycoming Gazette for the same year, where she is referred to as "Ellen" Little. She was the daughter of Daniel Little and granddaughter of Theophilus Little, the famous Revolutionary War figure from New Jersey and the original Little settler in this area as well. John Huckell was the son of Thomas Huckell, born in England, who died in 1799, and Sarah Ann Lambert, born also in England. Larry Pardoe believes they had eight children. Thomas Huckell is buried at Fairmount Cemetery. The last will and testament of his wife, Sarah (Lambert) Huckell can be examined at The Sarah Huckell Will.

Just for the record, one of the eight Huckell children was William Huckell, born about 1793 in England. He married Sarah Eldred on Sunday, October 22, 1826, according to the November 1 issue of The Lycoming Gazette for the same year, at Eldredsville in Sullivan County. She was the daughter of Edward Jarvis Eldred who created the famous Eldred Dockett of marriages between 1809 and 1835. Another child of Thomas Huckell, Harriet Huckell, married William Bown. They had at least seven children. One was Sarah Harriet Bown who married Richard Pardoe (brother of Larry Pardoe's great-great grandfather John Pardoe. After she died, Richard married Mary Little, daugher of Nathan Allen Little and Isabel Holmes. This marriage, of course, linked the Pardoes to the Little family also related [see above] to the Huckells. Another daughter William and Harriett (Huckell) Bown was Mary Ann Bown; she married Thomas King, son of John and Esther King, yet another major Sullivan County founding family The Kings are tied by marriage to Converse, Rogers, Glidewell and other surnames. We could keep this story of famnly connections going indefinitely.

Snippets of history from a variety of sources tell us that Thomas Huckell was one of three brothers to come early to the banks of the Loyalsock in what is now Sullivan County. For example, the obituary for Benjamin Huckell, his grandson and the husband of Margaret Plotts, whom we have already met, reads as follows:

The Sullivan Review
16 October 1884

Benjamin HUCKELL died at his residence in Hillsgrove Twp., Oct. 7th, aged 82 years. About the year 1797, three brothers, John, Joseph and Thomas HUCKELL, disposed of their property near Birmingham, England and came to America. Becoming acquainted with the family of Joseph PRIESTLY, of Northumberland, PA, they purchased lands off him on the Loyalsock Creek. Two of them settled at Hillsgrove and one near Forksville.
Benjamin HUCKELL was the only son of Joseph, and was born at Hillsgrove on the farm on which he died. He was married to Miss Margaret PLOTTS, who now, aged and infirm, survives him. He was the father of a large family of children, seven of which are still living, three residing in Elmira, two in Kansas and two remaining in Pennsylvania. He spent a part of his life engaged in lumbering and floated rafts down the Loyalsock to Harrisburg, Marietta and other points on the Susquehanna.
In his prime, he was a noted hunter, and in company of Judge SPEAKER and Wheeler GREEN, often successfully pursued the game that abounded in those early days. For many years, he was a consistent member of the Wesleyan Methodist Connection and the itinerant Gospel Minister always found welcome at his home. Benjamin will long be remembers by those who knew him as a kind and indulgent father, an obliging neighbor, and a warm-hearted and true friend. N. K. WOODWARD and wife attended the funeral of the lady's grandfather, Benjamin HUCKELL, at Hillsgrove on Friday.

The daughter named "Sadie" in the scanned testimonial to Daniel T. Huckell was Sarah A. Huckell, born in November 1877, and later to marry Martin Corson on June 25, 1913.

We know from the Fairmount Cemetery in Forksville, where Daniel is buried, that he was born in 1833 and died in 1896, on November 7, as the obituary tells us. The date of the testimonial therfore has to be approximately November 12, 1896. His actual obituary is posted below. This cemetery is populated with dozens of Rogers, McCarty and other related families. The 1880 Federal census for Forskville shows Daniel Huckell, age 47, living with his wife Catherine, age 42, their daughter A. Sarah, age 2, a stepson named John Fleming, age 17, and a servant named Mary Young, age 44. Catherine, daughter of John Hinkle Osler and Jane Myers, was born born in August 1837 and died in 1915 and is also buried at Fairmount Cemetery. We know from Historic Hodge-Podge that John Fleming was the son of Catherine (Osler) Fleming by her previous marriage to Daniel Fleming. You can read more about the Huckell family and Daniel Huckell specifically at the same site.

Here is the actual obituary for Daniel T. Huckell

The Sullivan Review
Dushore, PA
November 12, 1896

Saturday afternoon at about 2 o'clock, while Daniel HUCKELL and William CLARK were hauling wood near Mr. HUCKELL's house, the horses became frightened and started to run, dragging Mr. HUCKELL a distance of about four rods, the wagon passing over his body injuring him severely. Drs. RANDALL and WOODHEAD were summoned and with the aid of other help carried the unfortunate man into the house and the best of care and medical aid were given, and after about ten hours of terrible suffering, he died at about 12 o'clock that night aged 63 years. Mr. HUCKELL was raised and always lived on the farm where he died. On September 23, 1871, he was married to Catherine O. FLEMING and leaves a wife and daughter Sadie who is attending the State Normal School at Lock Haven. Mr. HUCKELL had the pleasure of attending a birthday dinner with his sister the day before his death; also he was called on to deliver a speech to a crowd of ladies and gentlemen in honor of MCKINLEY and HOBART the night before. He was well known as Squire HUCKELL and was an honest upright man, hearty and pleasant every day and a friend to everybody. His sad and sudden death is a shock to the whole community. Funeral Tuesday at 1 o'clock at the house and 2 o'clock at the Church at this place.

On August 12 and September 4, 2001, respectively, Susan Fitzpatrick posted the following messages on the Sullivan County Genealogical Web Page Message Board, in request and response to the posting of Daniel's obituary there:

I am interested in any information about the family of Daniel FLEMING and Catherine OSLER. Daniel is a brother to John R. FLEMING who married Zilpha Ann ROGERS. Daniel moved to Forksville in the late 1830's. He was killed in the Civil War in 1864, but buried in the cemetery in Forksville. He and Catherine had 4 children, I think, 3 girls who died young, and a son, John R. FLEMING, who lived and grew up in Forksville. Catherine, a widow, later married Daniel HUCKELL and they had a daughter together - Sarah Ann Huckell. Any one know any more details?

Thank you for posting this story about the death of Daniel Huckell. I was quite interested because Daniel married Catherine O. Fleming, widow of Daniel Fleming, my great-great uncle. I have been trying to figure out what happened to Catherine and son John R. Fleming from her first marriage to Daniel Fleming. Daniel was killed in the Civil War in 1864, leaving Catherine a widow with a small son age 2. Obviously Catherine remarried, this time to Daniel Huckell and had a daughter by this marriage. Thanks again for the information.

Note the name "Zilpha", the same first name as Zilpha Mason, sister of William A. Mason, whom we learned above married Isaac Rogers, an uncle of Sadler Rogers. Is this the same woman married a second time? No, they are not, despite the unusual first name. Thanks to Larry Pardoe, we can identify each. Zilpha Ann Rogers was born August 2, 1829 in PA and died March 12, 1907. She was the daughter of Moses Rogers and Jane Sadler; that is, she was Sadler Rogers' sister. At the time of her birth in 1829, her mother, Jane Sadler, aewd her a baby gown by hand, which still exists today. It is kept at the Sullivan County Historical Society and Museum (SCHS&M) in Laporte, PA, where it was donated by Cheryl Franklin, Zilpha's great-granddaughter. You can see some photos of the gown and a willow ware bowl once owned by Jane Sadler Rogers, and now also at the SCHS&M, at these links:

Baby Gown Draped on Stand
Baby Gown Fringed Edge
Baby Gown Full View
Baby Gown With Cap
Willow Ware Bowl Dated 1772
Willow Ware Bowl Manufactured in Maastrict, Holland

Zilpha Ann Rogers married John Fleming on June 16, 1853 in Forks Township. John Fleming was the son of ? and Anna ( ? ) Fleming. John was born April 29, 1827 in NJ, and died July 25, 1907. John's brother Daniel Fleming was the first husband of Catherine M. Osler, with whom she had a son, John R. Fleming, later stepson to her second husband, Daniel Huckell. Zilpha Mason, birth and death dates not known, was the daughter of Eliphalet Mason and Roxy (Fowler) Mason. Zilpha married Sadler Rogers''s uncle, Isaac Rogers, son of Samuel Rogers and Ann (Gaunt) Rogers.

Here is the obituary for Zilpha Ann (Rogers) Fleming:

The Sullivan Review
March 14, 1907

Mrs. John Fleming, of Forksville, died Tuesday morning, March 12, after a brief illness with pneumonia. The funeral services and interment will take place today (Thursday) at one o'clock p.m.
Her aged husband and a number of sons and daughters survive to mourn a loving wife and mother. The sons are Isaac Fleming, of Picture Rocks, William, of Alberta, Canada, C.Q. Fleming of Scranton, the daughters are Mrs. W. F. Randall of Dushore, Ms. O. A. Gardiner and Miss Bertha Fleming, of Sayre, Mrs. Charles Nye and Mrs. G.W. Snyder, of Forksville. Deceased was seventy-eight years of age.

Note that one daughter was married to W. F. Randall (1867-1913), whose obituary is reproduced below, courtesy of Carol Brotzman. He was a prominent physician in the Forksville community. Yet another daughter, not mentioned here perhaps because she was not living in the area, was Melvia Fleming, who married Barton Molyneux, son of George and Permilla (Travis) Molyneux. You can learn more about this marriage and lineage at The Molyneux, Fleming and Whelan Lineage.

The Sullivan Review
July 24, 1913


Met Death Bravely in a Well at His Headley Ave Home

Dr. William F. Randall of Dushore, one of the best known physicians in Northern Pennsylvania, met his death in the most tragic way, last Thursday evening, in a well at his Headley avenue home. He was overcome by gas in the well while trying to rescue Zack Cole who had also been overcome.

Story of Accident

The water from the Water Company's reservoir has been unfit for use for some time and Dr. Randall like others in town, decided to establish a supply of his own. An abandoned well at the side of his house was opened and repairs were being made whereby a supply of water could be had. The well is about 90 feet deep; 35 feet of it being dug and the remainder drilled. On Saturday, six days before the accident, a blast of dynamite was used at the bottom of the well to produce a supply of water.
After waiting six days, Thursday afternoon at about 5:30 o'clock, Zack Cole went down to the bottom of the dug part of the well to make pipe connections.
Cole completed his work and was ready to ascend when he became dizzy and then collapsed.
Dr. Randall seeing the condition Cole was in quickly decended on a rope, hoping to rescue him. The doctor tied the rope around Cole's body and by the aid of half a dozen women, who sat on the legs of the tripod to keep them from slipping, Jerome O'Neil, and two other men pulled the doctor and Cole up about 10 feet to the top of the curbing. Here Dr. Randall called up that he felt faint and wanted to rest a moment.
The telephone had been made use of and just at this time Harland McCarty, clerk in Pealer's drug store, appeared on the scene.
McCarty decended into the well and before he could get a rope around Dr. Randall's body, he, the doctor, either slipped or became unconscious from the gas, and fell the distance of about 10 feet to the bottom of the well.
Cole was then pulled out and the rope lowered to McCarty who put it around his own body. He was pulled out and on reaching the top fell to the ground in an unconscious condition, but was soon revived by willing hands.
Mr. Cole remained unconscious for over two hours and was in a dangerous condition all the next day.
As soon as McCarty and Cole were out of the well, the rope was placed around Robert Pealer, who had at that moment arrived, and he was lowered to the bottom of the well, where he found Dr. Randall lying in a crouched position with his head under water.
Pealer was unable to make use of the rope so locking his arms around Dr. Randall's body they were both pulled from the well. Pealer, Like McCarty, was nearly overcome with gas.
Dr. Randall's body was taken onto the porch of his home and there six doctors and other willing hands worked for three hours and fifty minutes, in a heroic effort to revive him.
While Dr. Randall was dead in all appearances, yet every means was resorted to in hopes of reviving him. Artificial respiration and the administering of oxygen were of no avail. It was not until nearly four hours had passed that the doctors ceased work and even then they were loath to give up the fight to save Dr. Randall's life.
The exact cause of Dr. Randall's death is unknown, but it is believed his being overcome with gas and the fall coupled together were the cause. A statement by the doctors was that it was not due to drowning as they found no water in his lungs.
The doctor's head and body were badly bruised. There were five bad knocks on his head, two of which were fractures of the skull.


Dr. Randall was very well known all through Sullivan and adjoining counties and had a wide acquaintance throughout Northern Pennsylvania. He was a man of sterling character, and an honor and credit to his profession and the community. As has truthfully been said, he never shirked a duty, never turned his back on a person in distress and died a hero. It was without thought of his own safety or debate of what the consequences might be, that he rushed to the rescue of another, at the cost of his own life in the noble effort.
Dr. Randall had two very close calls before. One was at the breaker at Bernice several years ago and just about a year ago he was badly burned when gasoline in his auto took fire. His clothing ignited and he leaped ten feet into the creek just south of Main street bridge, where he extinguished the flames by rolling into the water; his ankle was fractured when he leaped into the creek.


Dr. Wm. Floyd Randall was born at Forksville, February 7, 1867 and died at Dushore on Thursday, July 17, 1913 at the age of 46 years, 5, months and 10 days. He was the oldest son of Dr. Wallace Joseph and Sarah A. Randall of Forksville.
On April 18, 1888 he was married to Della J. Fleming of Forksville. To this union was born one son Wm. Ralph who was born January 5, 1893 and lived to be nine years old.
When a boy, Dr. Randall, attended school at Forksville and later attended school at Williamsport, graduating from the Williamsport Commerical College in 1883. He subsequently took up German and post graduate at College. He acted in the capacity of bookkeeper for Lancaster and Stevens for one year, then went into the drug business and studied medicine with Dr. Shaffer. He spent three years in the Medical College at Baltimore and graduated from the University of Baltimore in 1889.
Dr. Randall then took a post graduate course at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia and graduated from there. He then engaged in his profession at Forksville for eight years. He moved to Dushore and soon afterward took a post graduate course at the University of Pennsylvania, and made a speciality of diseases of the eyes, ear, nose and throat.
In 1898 he was appointed Pensioner examiner in which he served till his death. He was an honored member of the Bradford County Medical Society and also of the State Medical Society and the National Medical Society. He was a member of the Sullivan County Medical Society and served as this society's secretary from the time of organization.
Dr. Randall was a member of the following Masonic bodies; Evergreen Lodge No. 163, Monroeton; Royal Arch Chapter No. 161; Northern Commandry No. 16; Towanda; Scottish Rite, 32nd degree, Valley of Williamsport; and also a member of the local lodge of Maccabees.
He was member of the Methodist Espiscopal church of Forksville, and since coming to Dushore, attended the services and took active part in the Evangelical church.
Dr. Randall's father died when he was 14 years of age, leaving a wife and six little children. He being the oldest, it fell upon him to resume the responsibilities of a father which he ever after held. Dr. Randall and his father both died in their 46th year of life.
The funeral services were held Monday morning at 10 o'clock from his late home on Headley avenue, Rev. R.S. Starr, pastor of the United Evangelical church officiating. Rev. Starr delivered a most fitting sermon in memory of Dr. Randall. Interment was made in the cemetery at Forksville, Monday afternoon.
Besides a beloved wife and mother he is survived by three brothers and two sisters, Mrs. Charles Schanbacher of Western New York state; Moses of Jersey Shore; John of Forksville; Wash, of New York City; and Mrs. M. Hunter of Sayre.

Understandably, Aunt Eliza clipped the preceding article and several other articles about this tragedy and its subject, Dr. William F. Randall, for her scrapbook. You can view them at:

Life of Dr. Randall, which includes a biography published in The Sullivan Review shortly after his death, possibly on July 24, 1913, and a death notice for July 18, 1913, from The Daily News of Towanda, PA
Original Report of Death, First Page; this and the next two clipped pages were published in The Sullivan Review, apparently on July 24, 1913; these pages encompass the same obituary printed above and you will note that the date of death in the right hand column of the original article is off by a year:
Original Report of Death, Second Page
Original Report of Death, Third Page

You can also see a picture of an old barn located on Dr. Randall's property on Headley Avenue in Dushore. The structure, still standing in 2007, was where he stabled his horses behind his residence. The picture, reprinted in the March 15, 2007 issue of the Sullivan Review, is visible at:
The Randall Barn.

Ironically, Dr. Randall very nearly lost his life in 1912 in a fire caused by the ignition of gasoline while he was trying to gas up his car at Coles' Hardward Store in Dushore. The accident occurred on Saturday, May 18, 1912, and Dr. Randall ended up in the Robert Packer Hospital as a result of the burns he received trying to extinguish the blaze. You can read several newspaper reports, provided by Carol Brotzman, from local publications on this event at:

Dr. Randall's Narrow Escape (1)
Dr. Randall's Narrow Escape (2)

Dr. William F. Randall, along with his parents, and several siblings, are all buried at Fairmount Cemetery in Forksville, PA. You can examine a brief genealogical overview, created by Larry Pardoe, at Descendants of William Floyd Randall, MD.

Let's return now to the remaining items on the Huckells, Speaker and Yaws page. These are the obituary for Mrs. Speaker, wife of the judge, and the Yaw death notices. We know from what we saw above that Sarah Speaker was the mother-in-law of a McBride. She is identified as Sarah Ann "Huckle" in the obituary. A "Ball" family genealogy,however, argues that Sarah Ann Ball was married to John Andrew Speaker. Hillsgrove Cemetery shows: Speaker, Sarah A., b. November 29, 1812, d. October 7, 1901. So, we can date this obituary to roughly October 10, 1901. Let's see how Larry Pardoe addresses this complicated question of the correct ancestry of Mrs. Speaker. His process of investigation is a model of genelaogical research:

In Egle's Notes and Queries of Pennsylvania, 1700's-1800's by William Henry Egle, under the Fourth Series, Vol II, Page 162 [Originally published as a series of newspaper columns in the Harrisburg Daily Telegraph. Published between 1879-1895 then annually between 1896 and 1900], the writer shows:

"The efforts of Priestley and Vaughn to induce settlements upon their lands, which resulted in the settlement of Molyneux, Bird and Warren, also Ecroid, continued, and the next family coming to reside on the Loyalsock was that of the Huckells. From Birmingham, England, three brothers and two sisters came to America, Joseph settling on the eastern side of the Loyalsock at Hillsgrove, opposite the home of John Hill, and Thomas contracted for the purchase of a tract of 400 acres at the forks of the Loyalsock, lying on both sides of the creek, including the lands where the borough of Forksville is now located. He died in 1798 having resided only one year at the Forks. His widow being unable to pay for all the land surrendered to Priestly the lands on the south side of the creek. The other part was long the home of his widow, and has nearly all remained as the property of his descendants, D. T. Huckell, Esq, the present owner, being his grandson. John Huckell came later and settled near his brother, Joseph, on lands now owned by Wheeler Green. The sisters married and settled at Hughesville, one the wife* of Edward G. Lyon, the other** of John Ball. William Huckell, a younger brother, who settled in Elkland, is supposed to have come much later. We find a record of his marriage to Sarah Eldred under date of October 22, 1826. He removed from this county several years ago and died in Kansas. His son, Henry, was a resident of the county until about 1870, when he settled in Kansas. He was a very successful hunter. He is said to have killed 300 deer before leaving the county, and helped to exterminate the buffalo on the plains after removing to the west."
* History of Forks Township and Forksville Borough by George Streby shows Sarah Huckell was married to Edward G. Lyon.
** The same source incorrectly shows Ann Huckell was married to J. Bahl.

Now we know that Ann Huckell married John Ball, not "Bahl". Ann was apparently John's first wife. Russell Heintzelman's family tree, Of Barrel Makers and Little Elves, but Mainly Farmers shows Ann [?] as second wife, with children George Charles Ball, b. April 15, 1810 (but later note from Howard Bower to Heintzelman indicates this is probably not a child); Harriet Ball, b. May 29, 1811 (who was married to Wheeler Green); and Sarah Ann Ball, b. November 29, 1812 (who married John Andrew Speaker). Importantly, this birth date agrees with that of the Hillsgrove Cemetery transcription.

Apparently Ann Huckell died about 1819-1820, as on September 17, 1820 John married Sarah Dannelley (probably a faulty spelling of "Donnelly"). See the Eldred Marriage Docket once again. It shows John Ball (widower) of Muncy and Sarah Dannelley of Elkland married on September 17, 1820. This same source also shows a Richard White married to Ann Ball on March 2, 1809 . This woman appears to be a sister of our John Ball. Their mutual father was also John Ball, who died in 1793. If this information is true, it means that the obituary of Mrs. John Andrew Speaker in the scrapbook, which shows her maiden name as "Huckle" [i.e., intended to be Huckell] is incorrect. More evidence that would confirm her maiden name as "Ball" would be in the naming of her son, Lyman BALL Speaker.

We originally showed were aware of just the three brothers, Joseph, John and Thomas, but according to "Egle" there were also two sisters to these three brothers. Although he don't name them, he does name their spouses. If we look once again at Streby's History of Forks Township and Forksville Borough:

"Thomas Huckell, while in his native land England, married Sarah Ann Lambert, also a native of that country. They came to America locating first at Northumberland. In 1797 Mr. Huckell purchased of Mr. Priestly four hundred acres of land lying on both sides of the Loyalsock, where Forksville is now located. Mr. Huckell lived only one year after locating at the Forks, and his widow, being unable to pay the balance of the purchase money due on the property, surrendered to Mr. Priestly that portion of the tract lying on the south side of the creek, where the business portion of the town of Forksville is now located. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Huckell were: Benjamin, who died in England; Sarah, married G. Lyon; William, of Kansas; Ann married J. Bahl; Catharine, married Thomas Raper; John of Forksville; Mary, married J. Rogers; Harriet, married William Bahen."

So, The "two sisters" referenced by Egle were actually daughters of Thomas Huckell. The "William" referenced in Egle is actually a son of Thomas. The daughter Ann married John Ball not "Bahl", and her sister Harriet married William Bown, not "Bahen". All of these children except for Ann are listed in Sarah Ann (Lambert) Huckell's will. Ann, having died about 1819-1820, was not listed there for that reason in Sarah's Will.

The result in my opinion is that the there were probably only three brothers that settled here (not three brothers and two sisters as Egle believed. Three brothers are also mentioned in the obituary for Benjamin Huckell, the son of Joseph Huckell, one of the original brothers.

And what about the Yaw family? Where do they come in? Well, incredibly, it turns out they are related by marriage to the Green family! Samuel D. Yaw, whose death notice we find on this page, was married to Mary (Green) Yaw, also with a death notice here. Samuel Yaw's brother, Loren Yaw, was married to Beulah Ann Green. Yaw brothers married Green sisters and both sisters were children of Richard Green and Mary Plotts, Eliza's grandparents!!! Is it not amazing? Beulah Ann Green was Loren Yaw's first wife. They had three children that Larry Pardoe is aware of: Richard Yaw, Lemon Carpenter Yaw, and Buanna Yaw. Lemon married Ellen Rosalia Mullan/Mullen. In all probability, Beulah must have died between 1853 and 1857 as Loren Yaw married a second time on July 12, 1857 at Hillsgrove to Sarah J. Woodley (reported in The Sullivan Democrat, July 24, 1857). This latter couple had five children that Larry is aware of.

Let's go back one more time before we look at more scans and try to summarize the Green family connections here. Our most informed source of information on the Greens is Larry Pardoe, so this is his tentative outline. Richard Green and Mary (Plotts) Green had twelve children. From what Larry has put together from others and from a posting at message boards by Cynthia Howerter, there are slight variations of opinion. Here is what he shows for their children:

Wheeler *: married to Harriet Ball: their daughter Sarah Ann Green married Dr. Wallace J. Randall, father of Dr. William F. Randall mentioned above; both Wallace Randall and his sons Washington and William became physicians
Isaac: most likely the father of Eliza Catherine Green - but no proof;
Alfred: married Sarah Ann Swisher;
Sarah: the first wife of George Pardoe - another brother of Larry's ancestor, John Pardoe; Sarah likely died in 1857 and George then married Rebecca Sherman, widow of Daniel Galough;
Beulah Ann: as shown above, was the first wife of Loren Yaw;
Rachel: the first wife of George Christman. after Rachel's death, George Christman was married Eleanor W. [?];
Mary: married, as indicated above, to Samuel D.Yaw;
Harriet married James H. McBride - also discussed above;

* Editor's Note: Here is an Obituary and a biographical sketch of Wheeler Green:

WHEELER GREEN, one of the oldest and most respected residents of Sullivan County, is now living in retirement, having acquired a handsome competency in farming and the lumbering business, which have been life-long occupations. He was born near his present homestead in Hillsgrove township, September 12, 1814, and his parents were Richard and Mary (Plotts) Green. Richard Green, father of our subject, came from New Jersey State to what is now known as Sullivan County, via Bloomsburg, Muncy Valley, thence over the mountains to the vicinity of our subject's present home. He bought a tract of 50 acres and began its cultivation. In those pioneer days a man could make a comfortable living with very little capital, as the woods were filled with all kinds of game, while the streams abounded with fine fish. Many times our subject's father killed deer and other game from his cabin door. His original farm is now owned by Edward McBride, and his later purchase, which consists of 330 acres, is owned by our subject. Richard built ~a saw-mill and cut lumber, which he rafted down to the Susquehanna River, thence to the markets, and he had many thrilling experiences in floating lumber down the river, also with the wild beasts in the woods. Mr. Green possessed a strong constitution, was a hard and industrious worker, and possessed hosts of friends. He passed from this life at the age of eighty-four years, ten months and twenty days. He was an unwavering Democrat in his political views, whilst religiously he was a member of the Presbyterian Church. His children were John, Wheeler, Joseph, Alfred, Isaac, Robert, William, Sarah, Annie, Rachael, Harriet, and Mary, all of whom grew to manhood and womanhood except Robert, who died in infancy.
Wheeler Green was reared and always has lived on his present homestead. His boyhood days were spent in aiding his father in clearing the farm, also in lumbering. When he grew to manhood he took the responsibility of taking much of the lumber down the river to the markets, having made many trips during his youthful days. Our subject now owns 250 acres of land and, though an old man, he is still active and able to do a big day's work. Mr. Green enjoys splendid health and takes great pleasure in driving over the country behind a span of spirited colts. Mr. Green was joined in marriage with Harriet Ball, a daughter of John and Ann Ball; she was born May 29, 1811, and died December 12, 1874. They reared the following children; Sarah A., born January 26, 1843, who is the wife of Dr. W. J. Randall of Forksville, Pa.; Ursaline, born January 27, 1845, wife of Abe Fogle and residing in Colorado; Maria J., born April 20, 1847, wedded to William Starr; John W., born August 3, 1849, who has charge of the homestead and married Martha Bedford: and Isadore, born October 16, 1853, who married Henry Froman, and resides near the home of our subject. Our subject upholds the principles of the Democratic party and is also a strong temperance man. He has served as school director and as superintendent of roads. Religiously he is a prominent member of the Methodist Church, of which he has been a class-leader for over fifty years. We take pleasure in announcing that a portrait of Mr. Green appears on a preceding page.

Source: Book of Biographies of the Seventeenth Congressional District
Biographical Publishing Company of Chicago, Ill. and Buffalo, NY
1899 Page 627.

The next page in the scrapbook, Potter and Ives, is largely devoted to D.L. Potter, who died in Tallapoosa, Georgia, a mining and lumber town in Haralson County, Georgia. The pieces include an obituary and a resolution of recognition on his death from the local Tallapoosa Masonic Lodge, both apparently published in the local Tallapoosa paper. Potter is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Tallapoosa. The page also includes an undated death notice for Samuel T. Ives of Muncy, PA.

D. L. Potter was born in Potterville, Bradford County, PA on October 22, 1823, according to the obituary, and died in Tallapoosa on December 2, 1908 per the information in the obituary. His first marriage partner is not identified in this story, but produced three children: a daughter who died at age two, and two children, George and Mary Potter, who grew to adulthood and were alive at the time of the death of D. L. This wife died and, n 1865, as told in the story, our protagonist married Elizabeth Wilkinson at Forksville, in Sullivan County, PA. She was the daughter of Theodore and Martha Wilkinson, and was born in Sullivan County, PA in 1846. The Potters then moved on to New Jersey and Virginia before coming to Tallapoosa in 1904. The obituary tells us that D. L. Potter was descended from the Vermont Potters who settled in the Bradford and Sullivan County area. You can learn more about this heritage at George Whitefiled Potter and the New England Migration.

With the assistance of Carol Brotzman, we can actually expand on and correct some of this information about D. L. Potter, and suggest why he ended up in Eliza's scrapbook. The 1880 Federal census for Hammonton, Atlantic County, New Jersey shows him with his wife Elizabeth, his daughter Mary Jane from the first marriage, and two young children, Harry and Arthur Potter, from the second marriage. The obituary appears to have transposed the birth date for David Potter to "1823", when it should have been "1832" or perhaps "1833". We know that is true from the 1860 Federal census for Forksville, which shows him as 27 years old [and livng two houses away from Sadler Rogers by the way!!]. Also, the ages of his children and information about when he first married are inconsistent with a birth date of 1823. Information collected by Ernest Hatton, our family authority on the Potters of northern Pennsylvania, helps us identify David Potters' first wife. She was Emeline Malthace Frost, born about 1837 in Orwell, Bradford County, PA, and apparently dying about 1862 from the information in the obituary. She was the daugther of John Frost and Jane Wilsey. They married in January 1855 and soon had two children, George born in 1856 and Mary J. born in 1858. The family was living in Forksville in 1860 per the Federal census there. His occupation was a boot and shoemaker.

Aside from the fact that they lived practically next door to the Rogers family in Forksville, it also turns out that in the 1870 census in New Jersey, the Potters are living next door to Ezra Rogers. Born in March 1846 in PA, Ezra was one of five childre of Reuben and Mary (Molyneux) Rogers [daughter of John Molyneux and Martha Sadler]. Ezra was also the grandson of John and Sarah (Lambert) Rogers, a brother of Sadler's father, Moses Rogers. This family history means that Ezra was Sadler's first cousin, once removed. So, the connection appears to be one of close proximity in where the families lived. Perhaps the Potters helped Ezra get started in New Jersey, but that is merely speculation.

Turning to the other entry on this page, what can we say about Samuel T. Ives? In this case, Larry Pardoe comes to our rescue. Per Larry:

Samuel T. Ives, was born February 1825, in England, and died about 1905, per the obituary, at his home in the Muncy, PA area. He married Mary H. Rogers, daughter of David Rogers and Mary Hill. David Rogers was one of the 18 children of Samuel Rogers, Sr., and Ann Gaunt. He was a brother of Jonathan Rogers who married Elizabeth Snell, Hannah Rogers who married Thomas Molyneux, Isaac Rogers who married Zilpha Mason, Moses Rogers who married Jane Sadler, and others not previously discussed in this history. Mary H. Rogers was born in October 1829 in PA., and survived her husband. Samuel T. Ives and Mary H. (Rogers) Ives were living in Muncy Borough in the 1900 census. I would expect to find their graves perhaps in a nearby cemetery. Samuel T. and Mary had 7 children that I know of. However, the 1900 census shows her having 10 children born and 5 children living. The seven I have found are: William H. Ives; Anna C. Ives; Elizabeth Ives; Edward E. Ives; Mary Ives; Flora Ives and Walter R. Ives. Four of these are identified by their first names in the death notice.

When I saw that Samuel T. Ives was born in England, it made me think back to Eliza (Green) Rogers. I was at first sure that her father was a son of Richard Green and Mary (Plotts) Green. All prevailing Federal census records show that her mother was born in England. However, I was mistaken, as elaborated further below in the discussion of the Wardell family connection to the Rogers family. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The next entry in the scrapbook is mostly about the Kerrick Family of Asylum, PA, but also has an undated reference to the death of Royce R. Henning of Dushore in New York City, and a death notice for Mrs. Hannah Collins in Canton, PA. Royce was the son of Harry R. (1877-1943) and Jennie (Rogers) (1872-1929) Henning. For many years, Harry was the Sperintendent of Sullivan County Schools. You can see a list of the Henning family interments at the Vaughn Cemetery in Mehoopany, Wyoming County, PA.

Frederick D. Kerrick, whose obituary is in the left column, married Charlotte Wenck on November 5, 1874, per the article. She was from Campbellville in Sullivan County, and preceded her husband in death in 1932. This obituary also dates the obituary of his son, Gratton L. Kerrick, which is on the right side of this page, to February 7, 1932. These articles appear to be clipped from the Towanda, PA Daily Review, except for the Collins notice, which appears to be from The Sullivan Review.

According to Larry Pardoe:

As to Frederick D. Kerrick, he was married to Charlotte Wenck. Charlotte was a daughter of Henry Wenck and Ellen W. [?]. Charlotte was a granddaughter of John Wenck and Mary (Warren) Wenck. Mary Warren was the daughter of John Warren and Mary (Ward) Warren, original settlers with the Molyneux and Bird families. Frederick's wife Charlotte would have been a 2nd cousin, once removed, of Eliza (Green) Rogers' granddaughter-in-law, Ruth May Warren. Ruth was married to Laurence Eugene Rogers. It was Ruth who saved all of the "Rogers" photos and put names on the back of them, which were in turn saved by Norma Rogers, her daugher-in-law. These can be seen at The Rogers and Warren Family Photos. Incidentally, the Wenck name is another one that has two variations - Wenck and Wanck. Witness the Greenwood Cemetery, Elkland Township, Sullivan County, as transcribed by Tina Pastusic, which shows Charlotte's father's name as Henry Wanck.

What about Hannah Collins, mother of William H. Collins, per her death notice on this page? Larry Pardoe has the answer. "Hannah" is Hannah (Blaker) Collins who married William's father, Alonzo Collins (1841-1923). She was born in Eldredsville, Sullivan County in 1842 and died in April, 1926. This information, extracted from Phil Herman's Collins family genealogy by Larry, dates the death notice on this page to 1926. The information indicates that she was buried in Forksville. She is actually buried at Fairmount Cemetery there. You may recall that William married Sarah J. Rogers, daughter of Sadler Rogers and his first wife, Sarah Plotts. That is, she was Eliza's stepdaughter.

Based on research by Carol Brotzman, we know that the Blaker family had an old colonial traditon in Bucks County, PA, to the south of Sullivan County. The emigrant patriarch, Johannes Bleikers, and his wife Rebecca were born, raised and married (1680) in the North Rhine-Westphalia area of what is now Germany. Their family and several others were converted to being Quakers by William Penn, and twelve families jointly emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1683 on the Concord. These families founded Germantown, PA, which today is a suburb of Philadelphia. Their son, Peter Blaker [anglicized version of the name], was born enroute. Here is the descent tree with dates as we have them from the LDS records accessed by Carol:

Johannes Bleikers-Rebecca [surname unknown], m. 1680, emigrated 1683
Peter Blaker (1683-1778)-Ruth Buckman (b. 1688), m. 1708
John Blaker (1710-1778)-Catherine Williams, m. 1735
+++++++++++-Mary Croasdale * (b. 1714), m. January 19, 1757)
Achilles Blaker (1757-1822)-Sarah Buckman (1754-1831), m. 1777
Jesse Blaker-Ruth Phillips (b. 1818), m. about 1841 **
Hannah S. Blaker (1842-1926)-Alonzo Collins (1841-1923)
* Mary Croasdale was the mother of Achilles Blaker.
** Ruth Phillips was the fourth wife of Jesse Blaker.

The next entry in the scrapbook could be labeled Sad Associations. It is devoted to excerpts from unknown sources on a variety of topics, plus two small snippets apparently clipped from The Sullivan Review The lead article on the left tells an anecdote about an encounter between a heroic Irish lass and a bull, Below that is a homily to courtesy, followed by a brief anecdote about a Detroit farmer and his wife getting their picture taken. Finally comes a story about an early means of getting around Sullivan County using an ox as a pathfinder, clipped from an undated issue of the local paper. The right hand column is headed by a fairy-tale like poem, which by topic suggests to us that Eliza was thinking of her lost children. Below that is a November 1874 article from the local paper about the new Methodist church in Forksville. This article appeared around the time that Eliza's losses began, so perhaps that is why she clipped it as well, given that the funerals likely took place at this church. Another homily ends the page.

We next come to a page addressed to Gertude Adelia Wardell Booth and her daughter, Lottie Washington Booth. originally residents of Brooklyn, NY. Lottie was apparently a prominent local attorney. This Booth and Wardell page originally posed quandaries for your editor as to why the material is included in the scrapbook. However, the Scaife information reported below makes the relationship clearer. We can find plenty of census information on Gertrude Ardella (Wardell) Booth, wife of Edward H. Booth *.
* Editor's Note: Per Peter Morris in October 2011:

While doing internet research, I recently happened upon your account of the discovery of Aunt Eliza's Scrapbook and found it fascinating. My interest is quite unusual: I'm a baseball historian and am researching a mysterious major leaguer named Eddie Booth. Booth played for five different major league teams between 1872 and 1877 but his identity continues to baffle researchers. Here is his Playing Record.
It has long been my theory that the ballplayer was a man who worked as a photographer among other occupations and whose name was given in the censuses by three different variants: Edgar/Edward/Edwin H. Booth. This is the same man who is mentioned on your website as the husband of Gertrude Wardell.
I traced him up until his death and obtained this Death Certificate:
Edward Booth, 77, USA, retired, died Bellevue Hospital Manhattan on 12/21/1928, lived in NYC entire life, father Simeon (born England), mother Mary Ann (Ives) *, born England, address: 217 E 37th St, NY, NY. She died in 1907. *
The parents match so this is definitely the same man. He fits what we know about the ballplayer perfectly, but he was never listed as a ballplayer in the city directory and we never have been able to find proof positive that he was indeed the right man. So the search goes on. If you know any more about him, I'd be very grateful if you'd let me know. I've collected a great deal of information about this man and would be glad to share what I know.
* Editor's Note: Per her great-granddaughter, Nancy Hill Holguin, via e-mail in March 2015. Nancy also has a view of the lineage of Mary Ann Ives Booth that is in contrast to the position taken by Larry Pardoe that this is one and the same person as Mary Ann Ives Green. See more below.
You can find a supplementary message stream on this Wardell and Booth family created by Carol Brotzman with assistance from Larry Pardoe at: Gertrude Ardelia Wardell Booth et al. At this time, the clinching proof remained elusive.

Gertrude was the daughter of Simon G. and Margaret Adelia Wardell, who was sevn years younger than Simon *.
* Editor's Note: Per her great-granddaughter, Nancy Hill Holguin, via e-mail in March 2015 Here is her obituary:
Brooklyn Standard Union
Brooklyn, NY
May 6, 1910

Gertrude Adelia WARDELL BOOTH, wife of Edward H. BOOTH, an electrical engineer, died Wednesday at her home, Shore Road and Seventieth Street. She had always been a resident of Brooklyn and was a member of St. Ann's P.E. Church, on the Heights. She was the daughter of Margaret Adelia WARDELL, who died five months ago. Before her death, her mother had been ill for six years, and Mrs. BOOTH's whole time had been devoted to the care of her mother during this long illness. Her own death, is believed by the rest of the family, to have been caused by the constant confinement in the sickroom and worry over her mother's condition. Besides her husband she is survived by five daughters, L. Washington BOOTH, one of the best known woman lawyers in the country; Frances Perry BOOTH, n. professor at the Western Reserve University, Cleveland, O; Mrs. Daniel A. CARROLL, Harriet Louise and Grace; two brothers, ex-judge Wynant B. WARDELL and Elmer H. and a sister, Mrs. Ritie W. CHANDLER. Funeral services will be held at 3 o'clock tomorrow afternoon, the Rev. Dr. WALKER, of St. Ann's Church, officiating. The full choir in vestments from St Ann's will sing. Interment will be made at Greenwood Cemetery. F. G. EDWARDS, of 9 Court Square, is the funeral director.

We are virtually certain there is a family connection with the Wardell family from Bradford County, PA, as per the following note in the May 31, 1894 issue of The Sullivan Review:

Joseph A. DOANE, foreman of the Towanda Review, and Miss Carrie Gertrude WARDELL were married at the home of the bride's parents in Towanda, last Wednesday evening. The Rev. Doctor STEWART solemnized the nuptials in the presence of about fifty guests. The newly married couple repaired to their home after the ceremony and began married life by commencing house keeping. Both are worthy and highly esteemed young people and we wish them much joy.

However, we have not been able to make a direct link between the Towanda Wardell family and those covered by the stories on this page in the scrapbook *. In the 1880 Federal census for Brooklyn, the husband is reported as "Edgar" Booth, not "Edward". Note, as per the discussion below, that this is the son of Mary Ann (Ives) Green Booth by an unknown Booth; Edgar was therefore a half-brother to Aunt Eliza herself! The daughter named Lottie is listed as three years old at that time *. That census also tells us that Gertrude, Lottie's mother, was born in 1850 and died in 1910. So, the left-hand obituary can be dated to 1910, and the death of Gertrude's mother Margaret, reported in this story to have preceded that of Gertrude by about five months, can be dated to 1909 or 1910. Margaret must have been close to a centenarian. Margaret's husband, Simon Wardell, was deceased by the time of the 1870 Federal census for Brooklyn, which lists all the other family members. In fact, LDS Family Search records [v 4.19: AFN: 1W0P-P5F] show him as born about 1825 and dying in 1864. Margaret appears to have been at least ten years older than her husband Simon.
* Editor's Note: Per her great-granddaughter, Nancy Hill Holguin, via e-mail in March 2015, she knows of no connection with the Wardells of Towanda. Also, she mentions the death of her grandmother's sister, Lottie. She was killed by Mary E. B. Jones, a woman roommate, subsequently found to be insane, on September 15, 1940 (Source, Hastings News, Hastings, NY, February 8, 1945, which recounts the release of the killer from a psychiatric hospital).

So, how was the Wardell family connected to the Rogers family? It may be through the relationship with the McCarty family. Joel McCarty (1771-1850), who was born in Bucks County but came with his parents to settle in what would one day be Sullivan County, was the son of Thomas McCarty (1740-1804) and Elizabeth Lancaster (1748-1806). Elizabeth was the daughter of Thomas and Phebe (Wardell) Lancaster. As we already know, the Rogers and McCarty families were related by marriage. Elizabeth (Lancaster) McCarty and her husband Thomas McCarty both died in Muncy. Of their 18 children, Joel McCarty was the only child to come north to what is now Sullivan County. Larry Pardoe remarks that two of Joel's children married two Pardoe children (siblings of Larry's second great-grandfather). We have seen seen Lancaster names in Sullivan County, but have never been able to connect to the "Lancaster" line of Joel's wife Elizabeth. Her family came from Bucks County, PA. In fact, there is a book entitled The Lancaster Family by Harry Fred Lancaster. It is subtitled "A history of Thomas and Phebe Lancaster, of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and their Descendants, from 1711-1902." and was published by A. J. Hoover Printing Company [1902, Huntington, Indiana]. The information may be available online and we will continue to look for it.

There is actually, however, a more specific connection, pointed out by Larry Pardoe in the Fall of 2007, and based on information he received from Verdie Scaife, a Green family descendant:

According to the recent data discovered, Eliza C. Green's mother was Mary Ann (Ives) Green, married to Isaac Green. Isaac died in 1847 and, some time later, Mary Ann left the area with her youngest daughter Elizabeth Green, born in 1847 and went to Brooklyn, New York. The data records that Mary Ann (Ives) Green remarried to an unknown Booth, and had a son "Eddie" Booth. (The daughter Elizabeth supposedly married an unknown Vantassel). Therefore it appears that this "Eddie" Booth is the Edward H. Booth, husband of Gertrude Adelia (Wardell) Booth listed in the obituary. The other two newspaper articles on same web page are in reference to the slaying of Gertrude's daughter, Miss Lottie Washington Booth. As previously indicated, Nancy Ann Holguin ses this descent differently. We'll just let her speak for herself here, and also show Larry Pardoe's reply, both communications sent to us in the Spring of 2015:

My genealogy does not match what I am reading about the scrapbook. I have a Mary Ann IVES who was the daughter of Edward IVES and Ann SADLER. Parents born in England. Mary Ann was born 30 June 1822 in England too. Married Simeon BOOTH and they ended up in Brooklyn, NY. Their son, Edward H. BOOTH, was born in 1850 and married Gertrude Adelia WARDELL. He died in 1928. They had five daughters and one of them was Lottie Washington BOOTH who was a lawyer and practiced in NY and Washington, D.C. She was my great Aunt, the one so savagely beaten.
Simeon and Mary Ann had a daughter, their first, named Elizabeth GREEN (Booth). I saw a NY federal census showing the family and rather than the name Elizabeth, the name Eliza was written. I did not know that Eliza could be a nickname for Elizabeth. Elizabeth/Eliza was born Elizabeth Green; she did not marry a Green.
Nancy Hill Holguin
April 9, 2015

I continue exchanging emails with Nancy Hill Holguin in hopes we can find the correct answer as to if her Mary Ann IVES Booth and my Mary Ann IVES Green are one and the same. I have shared a couple of facts that I've learned through the Green Family History that point to them being the SAME person. However Nancy's information on HER Mary Ann Ives doesn't support that fact.
I've been through census and cemetery records and found so much conflicting information as to birth names, dates and locations that it may never be known for sure.
Larry Pardoe
May 6, 2015

Additional research by Joyce Ingerson shows that Elizabeth (Green) Booth married Abraham Vantassel. Both were born about 1846 and they were living in Brooklyn in 1870, per the Federal census for that year. Her sister, Mary "Ann" Green, born about 1842 and died in 1910, married John Scaife (1835-1892), a Civil War Veteran. They appear in the 1880 census for Plunkett's Creek, Lycoming County. The Scaife family is the family of descent for Verdie Scaife.

The next page is an obituary for A. A. Harvey of Henrico, Virginia. We guess that he probably had some connection to Joseph and Mollie (Rogers) Wheat. Possibly Wheat might have worked for or with Harvey in the mercantile business. That is just a speculation for now.

Then comes a page with death notices and funeral cards for Mrs. M. C. (Jewett) Mercur, W. E. Randall and Samuel B. Kilmer. This Funereal Medley includes a poem by William Cullen Bryant, a famous nineteenth century American poet, on the bottom of the left column, and another poem by Robert Freeman, which appears to be inscribed on part of a funeral card, at the bottom right of the page.

We learn from Carol Brotzman that Mrs. Mercur, it turns out, was the second wife of Mahlon Carke Mercur, a prominent businessman in the Towanda, PA area. He was born February 6, 1816 near Towanda. He was the son of Henry Mercur and Mary Watts. M. C. Mercur actually suggested the name of "Laporte" for the county seat of Sullivan county to Secku Meylert who named the town when the county was formed in 1847. Mahlon's first wife, of whom we know very little, was Helen Marr Kingsbury; the second wife, whose obituary is reported here, was Anna "Annie" Hubbard Jewett, She was born in May 1832 in Massachusetts, per the 1900 Federal census for Elkland Township in Sullivan County, PA. That census says they had been married for 48 years, thereby indicating a marriage date of 1852, although the obituary reports a marriage date of February 22, 1853. Close enough, we suppose! She was the daughter of the Reverend Samuel Jewett and grew up in Athens, PA, so presumably the Jewett family relocated there from New England at a fairly early date. She died on October 10. 1901, which approximately dates the obituary here to October 13, 1901. The Mercurs had at least six children, including Helen, whose marriage was reported as follows:

The Sullivan Review
10 Dec. 1879

Wednesday evening, Miss Helen, eldest d/o M. C. MERCUR, Esq. married Rev. G. F. ROSENMULLER, rector of the Episcopal Church at Sayre and Athens. The ceremony was performed at Christ Church, Towanda by Rt. Rev. M. A. DeWolf Howe and Rev. J S. Beers.

The other five children, listed in the 1880 Federal census for Towanda were Annie, William, Hiram, Elise and Robert Mercur. M. C. Mercur, the father, listed his occupation as a hardware dealer at that time.

According to Larry Pardoe, W. E. Randall was Washington "Wash" E. Randall, born November 9, 1877 and died February 21, 1943. He is buried in the Fairmount Cemetery at Forksville. He was the son of Wallace J. Randall (1833-1881) and Sarah Ann (Green) Randall (1843-1932). Wallace was a doctor, as were both his sons, Wash Randall and William F. Randall, who died tragically saving another man's life [see above]. Wallace, like his son William F. Randall, died in his late forties in 1881, leaving his wife Sarah to raise a family of six small children. His son William's wife was Della J. Fleming, daughter of John Fleming and Zilpha Ann Rogers, whom we met above. This obituary therefore ties in relationships with not only the Green family, but also the Rogers family. Washington Randall is buried at Fairmount Cemetery in Forksville with at least a sozen other members of the Randall family.

The final character on this page is Samuel B. Kilmer. He is briefly sketched in the Streby History of Forks:

Samuel B. Kilmer was born in Fox Township, Sept. 8, 1860. He is a son of William and Catharine (Shattuck) Kilmer. The Kilmers are the descendants of Philip Kilmer, who came from Hesse Cassel, Germany, to America in a colony of refugees in 1710. Philip Kilmer located on the Hudson River in the State of New York; of this lineage, Philip Kilmer, the father of the Sullivan County branch of the family, was born in the Mohawk Valley, New York, in 1781. During the war of 1812, he went to Canada. Later he came back to New York, locating at Marcellus; from there he came with his family of nine children to Fox Township. He and two of his sons, Anthony and Henry, who were of age, being three of the first ten settlers of Fox Township. Samuel B. Kilmer's grandfather, Anthony Kilmer, was the oldest son of Philip Kilmer. Samuel B. Kilmer purchased the John Warren farm near Millview; this was one of the three first improvements made in Forks Township. Mr. Kilmer served one term as road commissioner of Forks Township. Mr. Kilmer married Mary E. Molyneux, June 21, 1893. She was born at Millview, Sept. 8, 1868. She was a daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Huckle) Molyneux, of Millview. To Mr. and Mrs. Kilmer have been born three children: Harry M., Helen and Hulda.

Larry Pardoe reminds us that Kilmer's wife Mary Molyneux (1868-1960) is buried with her husband in the Millview Cemetery. The card in the scan shows his dates as September 8, 1860 - March 27, 1942.

Next come several pages that are grouped together in the scrapbook, although there may be no particular reason why they are together:

(1) The The Gansel Obituary et al page

(2) The The Sullivan County Schools Report

(3) The The Bradford County Schools Report

(4) The Six Pence page

(5) The World's End page

(6) The Buffalo Bill et al page

The rationale for the first page seems clear cut. In the top right hand column appears an obituary for Charles D. Gansel, who died as a young man little more than a month after Aunt Eliza lost her first child. Young Gansel apparently became a religious zealot in the last few years of his life. Larry Pardoe has Charles D. Gansel in his family tree. His sister, Clara J. Gansel, was married to Walter T. Pardoe, Larry's first cousin, three times removed. He and Clara moved to Iowa to farm. Walter was killed by a haystacker on July 18, 1886. Clara and children returned to Pennsylvania after his death, to Williamsport, Lycoming County, PA, Larry believes. The real connection here is undoubtedly the deaths in the Rogers and Gansel families at about the same time.

This page also contains a poem written by someone posing as "Sappho", the Classical Greek poetess; a homily on "Humility"; a set of "one-liners" with a humorous or social agenda at the bottom left; and a poem about the month of May [incuding little children singing] at the bottom right.

The two pages on school reports appear to be actual pages from the 1873 Report, in which the scrapbook entries are mounted, that deal with the schools for Sullivan and Bradford Counties, respectively. In that regard, they are straightforward historical records of school and teacher statistics for those areas at that time. Note that the average school year in Sullivan county was only four or five months.

The "Six Pence" page gives a homlily-like explanation for the lyrics of the old ditty "Sing a Song of Six Pence". The rationale given here would have appealed to a righteous woman such as Aunt Eliza. However, this interpretation differs from the original meaning of the song, which goes back to a coded message used by Blackbeard the Pirate to recruit pirates for his illegal endeavors. You can read more about how Mother Goose rhymes and other old songs often were originally intended for adults, not children, at Sing a Song of Six Pence!

The next page in this group reads like a brief travel endorsement for World's End, the locally well-known swimming hole and picnic area just outside Forksville. As Carol Brotzman tells us, the park was called "Whirls End" at one time, but the official name was changed to "Worlds End State Park" in 1943. The 780-acre park was acquired from the Randall Family and the Central Pennsylvania Lumber Company in the early 1930s. Most of the present park facilities were constructed by Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) crews from 1934 to 1941. Worlds End State Park is in a narrow S-shaped valley of the Loyalsock Creek just south of Forksville, Sullivan County. The first road through the valley was high on the steep slope of the mountain and the precipitous journey made early travelers think they were surely at the "end of the world." From the driving directions at the end of this scrapbook entry, we conclude that the article probably appeared in a local newspaper in Sayre, PA or Binghamton, NY.

Finally, we come to the last page in this group, which contains a retirement notice in the Richmond, VA newspaper for William F. Cody (1846-1917), known to history as "Buffalo Bill". We do not know the year in which this announcemnet was published, but we can guess it was about 1908. Bill had planned to get out of the business but discovered that his debts would not let him do so. Instead, his show was combined with Pawnee Bill's and Cody continued to participate until virtually the time of his death in early 1917. You can read more here about the History of Buffalo Bill. This page in the scrapbook also contains a mysterious allegory about a singing mouse, and another commentary on wayward country boys versus city boys. We also find a story about a black man trying to get into an upscale church, with a moral embedded in the dialogue; a short commentary on forgetfulness that suggests (incorrectly, modern scientists would tell us) that we forget things because the brain is only large enough to hold so much information; and a reponse to a correspondent called "Curious, Richmond" about how to cure gourds. This may be the scrapbook page with the most widely assorted collection of entries in the entire volume.

The next page focuses on a preposterous Cure for Hydrophobia based on application of the elacampane herb. The inventor is described as an elusive German named Jacob Emery from the Philadelphia area. The story is reported in the Pittsburgh newspaper of the time, probably the late nineteenth century. Actually, until the year 2005, this disease, more commonly known as rabies, has been 100% fatal to any human being in whom the disease actually takes hold. The famous 19th century French scientist Louis Pasteur first came up with a means of inoculating victims before the disease is incubated in the body. However, it was only in June 2005 that Rodney E. Willoughby, MD at the Childrens Hospital of Wisconsin published the successful results of his late 2004 treatment of a rabies victim. This treatment involved several powerful drugs administered while the victim was deliberately put into a coma. Elacampane is actually a well known old Amish herbal remedy for skin blemishesand respirtory distress, but hardly a cure for rabies. You can read more about a host of other Forgotten Medical Remedies, including a section at the end about the traditional use of madstone to treat this dreaded disease.

The reader may find it educational and entertaining to also look through the List of Old Mediocal Terms page on this site, where colloquial names for diseases that were printed on old death certificates or obituaries, and their modern counterparts, can be found.

This same page in the scrapbook also includes two poems, one about a tired mother who loses her son and the other a humorous rhyme about how a wife will never be viewed as being as good a cook as her husband's mother! We guess Aunt Eliza needed the humor of one poem to offset the misery of the other.

Now we come to a set of pages that contain several death notices for local individuals, as well as a long newspaper report on the funeral of former President Andrew Johnson, part of a rambling discussion of local area personalities and various odds and ends. These pages are located at:

(1) Local Death Notices and Andrew Johnson Report
(2) More on Andrew Johnson and English Law
(3) Start of Local Chat
(4) Local Chat Page
(5) Balance of Local Chat.

On the first of these pages, we find the death notices for Charles Harris Kearney, Emma Rachel Edgar, A. W. Speary and Willie Grant Speary. We do not know at this point of any direct family connection with these unfortunates. Clearly, the newspaper of record here is The Sullivan Review, probably for a Thursday in late September, 1875. We can be certain of the year because the two Speary family members are buried at Cherry Grove Cemetery in Nordmont, where the dates of their deaths are recorded. Incidentally, "A.W." is recorded at the cemetery as "Austin V. Speary", and Larry Pardoe gives us birth and death dates for him of August 16, 1846 through September 7, 1875. According to Ruth Speary, the death notice on this web page is for Austin Wilbur Speary, so "A.W." is the correct entry. Austin never married and never had any children. He was the son of Christopher Speary, a brother to Samuel Speary mentioned in the scrapbook, half brother to Asa Speary, also mentioned, and also a son of Miles Speary, once more also mentioned here. Miles was married twice, first to Sophia Earl and then to Hannah Bennett. Over time, there were several marriages between assorted Green and Speary families. However, says Ruth, the various Green families were not related to each other.

Ruth also notes that Miles Speary (the original Sullivan County settler) had an aunt named Eunice Sperry who married Gideon Rogers. Whether that Rogers is any direct relation to the Rogers family from which Sadler sprang, we just don't know for now. Eunice was the daughter of Charles and Martha (Miles) Sperry, and they were consequently the grandparents of "our" Miles Speary.

Also, according to Ruth, "Rachel" is a common name in the Speary family as it was Christopher Speary's wife's name. Additionally, the Speary family was married into the Edgar family noted here. Miles Speary's wife and the wife of Thomas Edgar were sisters. The oldest sister in the family, Thomas' wife died in 1816. Also, the name "Eliza" pops up all over the place in the Speary line and is used by women who had no reason to be nicknamed or called Eliza, such as women with the given name Susan or Sarah. It appears to have been a common thing for the Spearys of this generation to use their middle names in every day life. For example, Watson Speary's given name was Charles Watson. Austin Wilbur went by Will, Zachariah Taylor went by Taylor, Sarah Eliza went by Susan (which was her grandmother's sister's name), John Wesley became Wesley. All of these people were siblings. Their mother (Rachel) was Dutch by birth. The old Germans had the custom of having a "Christian Name" (their given name on religious records) and a "Call Name" (which was usually the middle name and the name used in daily life that they were "called " by). Perhaps the Dutch did as well, but at least this Speary family did.

Larry Pardoe believes that the clue to the connection between the Sperry/Speary family and Eliza Green Rogers lies in Ruth Speary's The Speary Family of Sullivan County, PA. Under Sarah Eliza Speary (daughter of Christopher B. Speary), this site shows that she married Henry Irvin Green, born June 1848. Although Larry only traced him through the 1870 census, his wife's name was Sarah E. This Henry Irvin Green was the son of Alfred C. Green and Phoebe C. (Rogers) Green. Alfred's parents were Richard Green and Mary (Plotts) Green. Phoebe's parents were Benjamin Rogers and Gitty Ann (Boone) Rogers. So Henry's marriage to Sarah Eliza Speary might be the answer to a family connection. Henry would have been a first cousin of Aunt "Eliza" Catherine (Rogers). Interesting that there is a double connection here through Henry's mother Phoebe C. (Rogers) Green, is it not? Larry has not been able to connect the John Henry Green that married Lucy Ann Speary to the Richard Green family yet.

There are no Kearney burials at Cherry Grove, which is not surprising, since we know this Kearney family relocated to Colorado at some time after this loss. The father, Gideon E. Kearney, is shown as working in a restauruant in Leadville, a Colorado mining town, in 1885, and as a farmer in Denver in 1890. By 1910, he was living with his wife Maggie in Jefferson County, CO. The 1910 Federal census says they had seven children, six of whom were still alive and one of whom, Parker Kearney, was born in Colorado. Gideon, born about 1846, and Maggie, born about 1847, both were themselves born in England.

In contrast, there are several Edgar burials at Cherry Grove, but none by this name. SHe was the daughter of James and Elizabeth Edgar, and granddaughter of Andrew and Dinah (Glidewell) Edgar. Andrew and Dinah are buried with the "Glidewells" at Old Sonestown Cemetery, and James is buried at Cherry Grove. However, neither Emma Rachel Edgar, this child, nor her mother are shown at any of these cemeteries. They could be in any of these places and just not have stones or have been overlooked by the transcriber, or they may be somewhere else.

There are many references on this site to the Speary family, which has been widespread in the southern part of the County from the mid-1800s onward. The Speary child in this death notice, "Willie" Grant Speary, was the son of John and Sarah Matilda "Tillie" (Gansel) Speary. Tillie was the daughter of Joseph Gansel and his second wife, Mary Anman. You can learn more about the Gansel heritage at Descendants of Obed Gansel.

John Speary was in turn the son of Samuel and Mary (Pennington) Speary. Samuel Speary was the son of Miles and Sophia (Earl) Speary. As Carol Brotzman points out. Samuel Speary was a half brother of Asa Speary, who was the son of Miles Speary and Hannah Bennett, Miles' second wife. Miles Speary had seventeen children in all. To continue on with our story, we believe that the main significance of the presence of these death notices in the scrapbook is their proximitiy to the deaths of Aunt Eliza's own first child in late 1874, and the lengthy testimonial to the loss of the three-year old Willie who was known personally, it appears, to the news reporter. This page also contains a poem about a jilted suitor ["The Chestnut Tree"], and then the first part of the funeral report on the burial of former President Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) at Greenville, TN on August 3, 1875. He served from 1865 to 1869 as the successor to Abraham Lincoln and survived impeachment by one vote in the US Congress.

The next page continues at length the Johnson funeral report, which is accompanied by a seemingly out-of-context story from the English Pall Mall Gazette. This report is about legislation intended to protect teenage girls of school age from truancy actions if they were simultaneously married! Perhaps Eliza's protectiveness about children extended to topics far and wide.

The last three of these grouped pages are largely devoted to a rambling discussion of the virtues of Forksville and its local personalities. We early get into a history of church construction and architecture, with special recognition to the Reverend Paul Smith as the regional "church builder", the one in Forksville being his third. In this context, we are introduced to the fine creations * of Sadler Rogers and his brother Wesley Rogers. We then are taken to meet Jacob Snyder and his wife, apparently hotelkeepers and caterers, Judge Randall, Attorneys Rush Thomson and R. D. Lancaster, ex-sheriff Wright, John Corcoran, Moses A. Rogers, Daniel Huckell, Dr. Randall, Hoagland "the tinner", Uncle Josie Warren and wife [retired farmers, we are told], Edward Studevant the carriage-maker, Frost the bootmaker, and Joseph Whitely. Of course, we have met many of these personalities before as either friends or relatives of the Rogers family. We can assume that all were common acquaintances to Sadler and Eliza (Green) Rogers, thereby accounting for the inclusion of these pages in the scrapbook.
*Editor's Note: Among other talents, Sadler Rogers was a master house builder. You can see photos of his final house construction, by clicking on this link for the Sugar Ridge House.

The first of these three pages also contains in the left column part of an article, author unknown, on the home remedies best suited for taking care of sick children--lard and molasses, scalded milk, flannel clothing and so forth. There will be more of this kind of material further along in the scrapbook and we can be confident that the topic is represented here due to Aunt Eliza's understandable concern for children at risk of poor health.

We can add some additional information here about the Forksville personalities in these pages, some of whom we have encountered before. For example, Jacob Snyder (1834-1924) had the unusual distinction of being married to two different women with the same name--Sarah Huckell!! His first wife was Sarah A. Huckell (1820-1861), the daughter of William Huckell; they married on January 1, 1857. After she died, he married a second Sarah Huckell, daughter of John Huckell, who preceded him in death by about a year. The two Sarahs were actually first cousins. On another example, Rush Jackson Thomson, a prominent local attorney and the uncle of Fred Rogers, is profiled in Ingham's 1899 History of Sullivan County as follows:

RUSH JACKSON THOMSON is one of the ablest lawyers practicing at the Sullivan county bar, having that mental grasp which enables him t o discover the points in a case. A man of sound judgement, he manages his cases with masterly skill and tact. He has made a specialty of real-estate and corporation law, and in these lines has gained a most enviable reputation.
Mr. Thomson was born at Hunlock's Creek, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, March 18, 1849, and is a son of James Thomson and grandson of David Thomson. The latter was a native of Litchfield county, Connecticut, and came to Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, with his mother, a widow, who served as janitress of the first jail of that county. He learned the carpenter's trade, which he made his life work. He married Susan Saylor, by whom he had three children, namely: George, James and William. James Thomson, our subject's father, was born in Nanticoke, Luzerne county, March 21, 1820, and received a fair education in the public schools of his native town. On attaining his majority he commenced boating on the Pennsylvania canal, and was thus employed until 1853, when he accepted the position of superintendent of the shipping department of Washington Lee & Company, large coal merchants of Nanticoke. In the spring of 1856 he came to Sullivan county and purchased a farm in Cherry township, a mile and a half southeast of Dushore, where he followed farming for twelve years. At the end of that time he moved to Dushore, where he served as expressman for the following twelve years, and in 1876 was appointed justice of the peace, the duties of which office he has since most ably and satisfactorily discharged. He also acts as agent for several leading life, fire and accident insurance companies. In his political views he is a Democrat, and has been honored with a number of local offices, being one of the first jury commissioners elected under the new law, and also serving as school director many years, and as overseer of the poor. He is one of the most highly respected and prominent citizens of his community, and he and his estimable wife are faithful members of the Methodist Episcopal church. He was married, December 23, 1847 to Miss Elizabeth C. Jackson, a daughter of Dr. Josiah Jackson, who is represented elsewhere in this work, and two children blessed this union: Rush J., our subject, and Mary B., wife of E. A. Strong, of Wyalusing, Pennsylvania.
Rush J. Thomson was only seven years old when his parents located in Sullivan county, where he grew to manhood, his literary education being obtained in the public schools and in the State Normal at Mansfield. At the age of fourteen he commenced clerking in a general store at Dushore and was so employed for four years, after which he taught school for two terms and then began the study of law in the office of William A. and B. M. Peck, of Towanda. On his admission to the bar May 1, 1871, he opened an office in Dushore, and was not long in building up the large and lucrative practice which he still enjoys. His skill and ability in his chosen profession are widely recognized and he has been called upon to serve as district attorney for three terms. He has been a director of the Citizens' National Bank of Towanda eleven years, and is also a trustee of the Robert Packer hospital at Sayre, Pennsylvania. Like his father, he is a supporter of the Democratic party, and is one of the most prominent and influential men of Sullivan county. He was married March 9, 1875, to Miss Fanny I., daughter of Rev. Richard Videan, of Forksville, Pennsylvania, for many years a clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal church and in later life a merchant at Forksville, in this county. Religiously she is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.

Going on with these personalities, we know from Carol Brotzman that Joseph Whitely (1809-1886) and his wife Mary (1809-1888) had a daughter named Mary who married Edmund W. Snell. "Snell"--is not that a name we have run into before in the scrapbook. Well, of course, we have. He was in fact a nephew of Elizabeth Snell and her siblings. Their brother, Charles Snell (1817-1887), was yet another sibling in the children of John Snell and Rachel Calflesh. Charles married Margaret A. Molyneux (1817-1884) in 1839. Edmund W. Snell, son of Charles and Margaret, was one of four Snell brothers to join the Union Army in the Civil War, along with their father Charles. After the war, Edmund settled near Elk Creek on a farm and married Melvia Norton (1844-1888), daughter of Charles Norton. She died, however, on Independence Day, 1888. About five years later, on February 4, 1893, Edmund married a second time to Mary Whitely (1852-1914) of Forksville. Her father had come with his family from England in 1841 and eventually settled in Elkland Township, Sullivan County in 1846. He later retired to Forksville where he actually built the house his daughter and her husband, the Snells, lived. You can find Joseph and Mary Whitely, Edmund and Mary (Whitely) Snell, Melvina (Norton) Snell and Margaret (Molyneux) Snell all buried at Bethel Cemetery in Elkland. We are grateful to Carol Brotzman for this Whitely and Snell family information. You can see once again how all these families are entertwined and therefore relevant to Aunt Eliza's circle of relationships.

The last of these pages also includes an anonymous testimonial to the quality of the goods at Wells & Ackley's general store in Dushore. Then comes, at the top of the right column, a repeat of the Kearney child's death notice followed by a wrenching poem called "The Empty Cradle". Finally comes another poem from The Saturday Evening Post by F. C. Stewart, whose message is that it can't "be the month of May" all year round, but you can count on eternal May in Paradise. This seems like a morale-boosting entry for herself by Aunt Eliza in pages filled with stories about deaths of all ages and significances.

The scrapbook entry can be seen at Picket's Watch et al. The page contains two homily poems--one to the idea that "silence is golden" and one to how a maiden is led astray by a "kiss" and slick words from a pseudo-suitor. It also has yet another encomium to Andrew Johnson and a long poem by Nehemiah Robinson of Laporte, PA called the "The Picket's Last Watch". Dated in 1874, the poem is a reminder of how close in time and spirit the Civil War still was to Pennsylvanians at this point. All these clippings appear to have been published in The Sullivan Review.

We next turn to a hodgepodge page at Daniel O'Connell et al. The items clipped into this page include:

(1) a testimonial to Daniel O'Connell (1775-1847), the "Liberator of Ireland". He achieved suffrage in the British Parliament for Irish Catholics in 1828 and otherwise championed the rights of the native Irish under British domination.
(2) a brief poem entitled "Success" on risk-taking, by Robert Browning (1812-1889), the famous English poet
(3) a poem about death entitled "The Sands of Dee" by another less renowned 19th century English poet, Charles Kingsley (1819-1875)
(4) a poem called "The Honest Old Toad" with the theme that "good" children are seen but not heard
(5) yet another poem entitled "Help One Another"
(6) a death notice for Julius Baer, murdered in Colorado rer the source
(7) a final poem called "The Children's Day" by the American writer Belle Kellogg Towne. She also published a book in 1904 entitled On The Mountain Top [Elgin, IL: David C. Cook Publishing Company]. The book tells a story about young people who face challenges, some with a lot of griping and complaining, others more positively.

So, the page has a medley of themes about death, children and courage. It does not surprise us that Aunt Eliza kept items from these categories of stories, given her own losses and the courage it must have required of her to go forward. While Eliza seems to have clipped these stories from a variety of sources, some identified and some not, three appear to have come from The Sullivan Review at the same time, just from their location on the same clipping. These three include the story about Julius Baer.

The next page at John Morgan's Eulogy seems to be a throwback to the period during which Eliza lost her children. It includes a eulogy in the form of a poem about John W. Morgan, who died at 18 in Williamsport on January 2, 1875. The right hand column then contains three homilies--one about not being too critical of those who err, one which moralizes about wasting "time" and is addressed to the "young" people of Williamsport, and one about the downside of telling lies. All three suggest that these are defects one may come to regret as our allotted time on earth runs down. At the bottom left appear two parenthetical inserts, one about General Sherman dismissing his critics as "flies", and a statement of the government debt, no year given. This is William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) of Civil War fame, we imagine. Some entries on this page are clearly identified as coming from the Williamsport, PA Sun and Democrat; the others are either unidentified or appear to be reprints [e.g., the extract from The Brooklyn Argus].

We can't be sure if the Morgan family referenced on this page is just a random example picked from the newspaper by Eliza as a reminder of her own grief, or if perhaps there was some kind of personal relationship. For example, John Morgan may have been the son of Daniel Morgan and Esther (Borman) Morgan. They had ten children between 1849 and 1872. John's approximate birth date of about 1857 would fit in this time frame. Carol Brotzman found the death notice for this possible relative, Daniel Morgan:

The Sullivan Review
January 16 1902

Daniel Morgan, for many years a resident of Fox township near this place, died at his home on Thursday morning,January 9, aged 78 years. Deceased had been in feeble health for some time. Mr Morgan came to this country in his early years from England. He has resided in Sullivan county ever since. His many years of residence at this place has made for him a large number of friends. His wife died three years ago, and since her death he has lived with his son James Morgan. Eight children survive, The funeral services were held in the church at this place last Saturday, Rev, Hyde, of Canton officiating. A large concourse of friends assembled to pay their last respects to the deceased.

However, barring the discovery of a personal link, Larry Pardoe believes it more likely that this John Morgan is the same one as is found in the Williamsport, PA Federal census for 1860 and again in 1870:

1860 West Ward Williamsport, Lycoming County, PA
Morgan, Patrick, age 46, laborer, b. Ireland
Morgan, Mary, age 32, b. Ireland (appears to be wife)
Morgan, Margaret, age 6, b. PA
Morgan, John, age 2, b. PA
Morgan, Michael, age 1, b. PA

1870 4th Ward Williamsport, Lycoming County, PA
Morgan, Patrick, age 60, works on R.R., b. Ireland
Morgan, Mary, age 38, b. Ireland
Morgan, John, age 12, b. PA
Morgan, Michael, age 10, b. PA
Morgan, Peter, age 9, b. PA
Morgan, Thomas, age 6, b. PA

Another page with similar themes is the Coles Cemetery et al page, which contains several religiously oriented poems and a belated testimonial to an as yet unidentifed younstger buried at Cole's Cemetery. This cemetery, just south of Towanda, PA in Bradford County, contains burials from way back until modern times. The poem, allegedly penned by a "twelve-year-old girl", talks about a hunting group of young men or boys, one of whose companions had died. We are not told how or who he is, although we might surmise that he was the author's brother or cousin or perhaps a favored uncle. All we know is that three years have passed, that he used to hunt and roam in the woods with the "Northrup" boys, and that he is now buried at Cole's. If we look at the Cole's Cemetery listing, there are many Northrups buried there. No doubt one of the other parties buried at Cole's is the protagonist of our poem, but for now we just don't know.

This same page contains a religious poem about Christ by Margaret E. (Munson) Sangster, the nineteenth century poetess and editor. Margaret came from a religious family and often took upon herself the responsibility of being a role model for young women and girls. She was also the editor of Harper's Bazaar before it closed down in 1899. The poem shown here was published in The Congregationalist, which was published in Boston from 1871 to 1901. This paper reflected the views of Congregationalist churches and issues they championed. In general, "congregationalists" favor independence for local congregations, while "presbyterians" favor governance by elders, and "episcopalians" accept leadership by a hierarchy of bishops, and so forth. The second relgious poem, "Mother at the Gate", is attributed to Mrs. G. M. Smiley. This surname is not that common, but can be found in Sullivan and Bradford Counties; we are not sure at this time if she was a local source or this poem is a reprint from elsewhere. Finally, there is a humorous poem about the jealousy of children toward a new baby in the family.

What do we conclude from this page's assembled entries? We already know that Aunt Eliza was an eclectic reader from many sources, local and further afield. We know that she understandably was preoccupied with children, and particularly with their untimely deaths. We also know that she was devout, had a sense of humor and kept up with her neighbors, family and relatives. In a small way, in a remote area, she was "a woman of letters" and a perceptive social historian. With each page we review, our gratitude for her curiosity and record-keeping can only grow.

The next two pages address once again a particular case of young death and a general dialogue about why it occurs. Perhaps from this continual focus we can appreciate more than a century later how frequent and omnipresent death, and particularly young death, was for our ancestors. In the world of the twenty-first century, we have learned to think of death as an aberration to be concealed from every day life, and to imagine young death as an exceptional event given our modern medical and technical abilities. Such was not the case in the 1870s and 1880s, or even thirty years later than that. Bob Sweeney's father, Robert Gerard Sweeney, told of how two of his older brothers in a family of twelve live births died in childhood or infancy, one from pneumonia and one from eating "bad pickles", between 1905 and 1915. In these two pages from the scrapbook, we learn of the death of Llewellyn Vough at age 17 and read comments on "Why Children Die". The Vough story appears to have been printed in The Sullivan Review, while the sources for the other clippings are for the most part not given.

You can learn more about the history of the Vough family at Lyle Rockwell's The Descendants of John Vough and Hannah Winder. This site also contains a family record for the births of the children of John W. and Eliza (Vough) Grange. Eliza Vough was a daughter of John and Hannah (Winder) Vough. She and John Grange, whom she married in 1851, were the grandparents of the famous athlete, Harold "Red" Grange.

Llewellyn J. Vough was, according to the story preserved here, killed in a playground accident. He is actually buried at Warburton Hill Cemetery. Born December 8, 1858, he died on February 11, 1876. Larry Pardoe reports that his records spell the name as "Llewellen", but the story here and the tombstone inscription spell is as we have the name here. The tombstone also bears an inscription that reads in part: "...and hope lie buried here..". He was the son of Abram and Ann (Molyneux) Vough [obituary shown below], both also buried at this location. Ann was the daughter of Edward and Rebecca (Bird) Molyneux, and granddaughter of William and Margaret (Atherton) Molyneux, the original settlers in this area. We see how the local families connect once again. The comments note that the parents had recently lost another beloved child. This can only have been their daughter Lottie Rosalie Vough, who died at age 19 on November 5, 1874 and is also buried at Warburton Hill. If you look at her tomstone, the "4" has eroded so it looks like a "1" in the inscribed date. However, from Larry Pardoe, we know that she was born on April 28, 1855. Her tomb bears this comment: "Oh bear me away on your snowy wings to my immortal home." Truly, this family suffered immense personal loss. We can see why Aunt Eliza would deeply empathize.

Here is the obituary for Ann (Molyneux) Vough, who died in 1916:

The Sullivan Review
March 29, 1916

Mrs. Ann M. Vough of East Forks, widow of the late Abram Vough, died March 11, at the age of 83 years 5 months and 23 days. She was a very highly esteemed Christian lady and prominent in temperance as well as church work.
She is survived by four children, Ernest, of East Forks; Elmer, at home; Mrs. Eugene Warburton of Bliss N.Y. and Mrs. Curtis Rumsey, of Millview; also eighteen grandchildren and one brother David Molyneux of Millview.
She will be greatly messed in the neighborhood where she has resided for more than sixty years, as she was always active in every good cause, a kind mother and an esteemed neighbor.

The first of these two scrapbook pages also contains a poem entitled "A Lesson" about appreciating the value of one's own life, author unidentified, and the first part of an article on "Why Little Children Die"? The article continues on the second page. The topic is the opinon of a Dr. Carstens of Detroit that infant mortality can be attributed to the poor care given by mothers. Carol Brotzman reports that Dr. John Carstens was a well-known mid-century physician concerned with epidemics of diseases such as tuberculosis that arise in conditions of poor public health. The commentator takes some exception to these remarks. Below the continuation is a partial article with the views of "Dr. Woodruff", apparently Francis Woodruff, a Michigan homeopathic physician, with respect to dealing with diseases that can be overcome if treated properly [e.g., diphtheria in his view]. You can read about the History of Homeopathy in the United States. In fact, Bob Sweeney has in his possession the late 19th century homeopathic medical dictionary that was actually owned and used by his grandmother, Agnes Elizabeth (Kelly) Sweeney, who lived in the Forks area at the same time as Aunt Eliza. In addition, the right hand column of this scrapbook page has a seemingly out-of-context article from the Ohio Farmer on how to wash pots! This publication was a mid-to late 19th century weekly issued by the Lawrence Publishing Company of Cleveland, Ohio. Of course, we know well why Eliza would be caught up with arguments about the causes of infant and adolescent mortality. We can only imagine that the story on pot washing drew her attention because it deals with mothers teaching their daughters proper kitchen skills.

Here is another example of how Aunt Eliza's interest ranged from the local to the universal. The next page has as the central element a testimonial poem about the death of John Francis Sayman, son of Benjamin Sayman II (1830-1914)and his first wife, Sarah (Hartzig) Sayman (1836-1878). It is probalby clipped from The Sullivan Review on or about September 10, 1881. You can learn more about this family at the History of the Benjamin Sayman Family on Faces and Families of Old Sullivan County, Group Four. After his first wife died, Benjamin then married Elizabeth Sarah Shaffer (1859-1929). We are not told the cause of death for the young man, but once more a fairly early death would, we can be confident, have secured Eliza's attention. The rest of the page is filled with an amazing assortment of clippings from a selection of lesser and better known writers and sources. Here is what we are given:

(1) a religious poem entitled "A Message" by Lalia Mitchell of Towanda, PA, probably clipped from The Sullivan Review;
(2) a poem on "Juvenile Astronomy", publication source unknown, by Anna J. McKeag who, as best we can tell, was a some time science writer who secured her doctorate from Penn, published it in 1902, and is listed in Who's Who Women of 1914; incidentally the doctoral dissertation was entitled The sensation of pain and the theory of the specific sense energies;
(3) a poem to uplift the spirits entitled "Is Life Worth Living?", no author identified, but taken from the English Illustrated Magazine; this souurce was a periodical published in London by MacMillan and Company from 1833 to 1913;
(4) a poem, "Some Secret", written by Francis William Bourdillon (1852-1921), a Victorian era poet who published 13 volumes of poetry between 1878 and 1921; his most famous poem was entitled "The Night Has a Thousand Eyes" and, like the one picked out here by Eliza from an unknown source for her scrapbook, has a romantic aspect to it;
(5) another romantic poem entitled "The Secret", source not given, by the British Victorian era poet with the improbable name of William Cosmo Monkhouse (1840-1901); he is perhaps best remembered today for the old limerick about the lady from Niger who took a ride on a tiger that came back with the "lady inside her";
(6) a homily in the form of a poem about "Worthiness" by Charles J. O'Malley (1857-1910), source not given; he was a Kentucky born Catholic poet and editor who was college-educated by the Jesuits and published extenseively about Kentucky folklore and moral themes, usually for Catholic newspapers or periodicals;
(7) a somewhat obscure homily-type poem called "Life From Within", source not given, but written by the wife of the famous poet Robert Browning (1812-1889), herself a poetess named Elizabeth Barrett (1806-1861);
(8) last but not least, a promotional paragraph entitled "Eighteen Pounds of Blood", source not given, on Hood's Sarsaparilla (also known as Hood's Pills); this was a late nineteenth centure popular cureall supposedly capable of overcoming "Scrofula, Salt Rheum, Dyspepsia, Biliousness, Sick Headache, Indigestion, Catarrh, Rheumatism, Kidney or Liver Complaints, and That Tired Feeling" to quote from an old playing card offered for sale on the Internet in 2005

The next scrapbook entry at Davadge-Woodley presents two apparently unrelated topics: a report, likely clipped from the local Hughesville Mail, which began publishing in 1883, on the marriage of William Davadge of Jamison City, Columbia County, PA and Emma Woodley of Hughesville, Lycoming County, PA, and a reproduction of the well known, at the time, poem by Franics Miles Finch called "The Blue and the Gray". There are also a few one-line jokes involving double entendres or word play at the bottom left of the page.

The wedding list shows several people related by marriage to the Rogers family, for example, the Parkers and the Corsons, whom we have met before in the scrapbook. We also can recall that the Woodleys were related to the Green family through marriage to the Yaws. The exact relationships here are brought out by Larry Pardoe and Carol Brotzman, and by reference to biographical sketeches in the 1892 History of Lycoming County edited by John F. Meginness. As for the date, we only have June 13 as the date of the wedding for now, no year given, and the locale as Hughesville. We might guess from the age of the bride, as shown below, that the wedding took place between 1885 and 1890.

The Hughesville Federal census for 1880 shows Emma Woodley's family of origin:

Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace
George WOODLY Self M Male W 42 PA R R Engineer PA PA
Rosa B. WOODLY Wife M Female W 36 PA Keeping House PA PA
Sarah A. WOODLY Dau S Female W 17 PA At Home PA PA
Emma C. WOODLY Dau S Female W 15 PA At Home PA PA
Frank E. WOODLY Son S Male W 5 PA PA PA

Emma was the daughter of George Woodley and Rosa Belle Bryan. The Meginness History tells us more about the Bryan lineage. We have bold-faced the personalities of direct interest to us here:

WILLIAM BRYAN immigrated to America and settled in Berks county, Pennsylvania, where he followed farming. His son, Samuel, was one of the first settlers in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania. He built a small woolen mill on Carpenter's run and operated the same in connection with farming for a number of years, finally removing to Sullivan county, where he died about the year 1840; he was twice married, his first wife being a Miss McCarty, by whom he had seven children: William; Ellen; Ellis; Joseph; Mary; Elizabeth, and Eliza; the second Mrs. Bryan was a Mrs. Osler, a widow, and to this union were born five children: Adam; Samuel; Albert; Margaret, and Martha, all of whom are deceased except Albert.

ELLIS BRYAN, born in 1804, son of William Bryan*, was a woolen manufacturer, and removed from Sullivan county, Pennsylvania, to Hughesville, this county, about the year 1830, where he worked at his trade for a short time, and then purchased his employer's machinery, rented a room, and manufactured woolen goods therein for twelve years. He then, in 1842, erected a woolen mill about one and a half miles from Hughesville, on Muncy creek, which he conducted until 1855, when he tore it away and erected upon the same site what is known as the Eagle mill. He was the father of thirteen children, as a result of his marriage to Sarah Rogers: Elizabeth A. deceased; Samuel; Mary; Jonathan R., who was killed in the first day's fight of the battle of Gettysburg; William, who was lieutenant and was killed in the battle of Antietam; Ellis; Sarah J.; Rosa B.; Clarrisa V.; David; John; Edward, and Florence M. Mr. Bryan was active in Republican politics and died in 1876, followed by his widow in 1880.
*Editor's Note: This should read "son of Samuel Bryan and grandson of William Bryan".

SAMUEL BRYAN, farmer, was born in the first house which was located on the present site of Hughesville, Lycoming county, December 20, 1831, son of Ellis and Sarah (Rogers) Bryan. He was educated in the common schools and at the age of nineteen years he began farming, which he continued until the breaking out of the late war, when he enlisted in Company B, Eighty-Fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers, as a private, and served three years and ten months; he was promoted to lieutenant, major, and lieutenant colonel. During his service he was wounded twice; first, March 23, 1862, by a shell striking the foot, at the battle of Winchester; and second, May 12, 1864, at the battle of Spottsylvania, by a bullet passing through the arm. After the close of the war he followed the manufacture of woolen goods for twelve years and since then has followed farming. In 1875 he was married to Julia Foster, and to this union have been born four children: Ellis J.; Maude E.; Fred G., and Nean V. Mr. Bryan is an active worker in the Republican party.

So, the Bryan family goes way back in this area and was connected by marriage to the McCarty, Rogers and Osler families. Recall that Sarah Rogers, the wife of Ellis Bryan, was a daughter of the original settler Jonathan Rogers. The Streby History of Forks Township and Forksville Boro tells us that:

Jonathan Rogers engaged in business with his brother Samuel, as stated, until 1826, when he returned to the Forks and purchased of his father sixteen acres of land below the town of Forksville, where he erected a woolen mill, which he operated until the time of his death in 1830, after which the property was purchased by John Osler, and is now owned by John R. Fleming. Mr. Rogers married Elizabeth Snell, Sept. 29, 1810, and their children were: Sarah, married Ellis Bryan, of Lycoming County; Ann, married C.B. Wright, of Canton; Mary, married Mr. Fowler, of Wilkes-Barre; William, of Lycoming County; David, moved away; Benjamin, of New Jersey; Jonathan, of Lincoln Falls; Richard, said to have been killed in the Canadian war.

Snell, Fleming, Osler, Rogers, Bryan....they are all linked once again.

The Bryans clearly became successful in the economic enterprises of Hughesville over the course of the 19th century. Ellis L. Bryan (1804-1876) married Sarah Rogers (d. 1880) and they gave birth to Rosa Belle Bryan (1843-1914), who married George Woodley (1836-1921). We can find George in the Federal census for Wolf Township, near Hughesville, PA in 1860, not married yet, but living in the Thomas Sanders household. At some point, he married Rosa Belle. Their daughter Emma W. Woodley (1864-1939) lived in the Hughesville area all of her life and is buried at the Pleasant Hill Cemetery in nearby Wolf Township, as are her parents. Perhaps the economic success of the Bryan family brought William and Emma into each other's social orbit. One thing we do know about Emma is that her marriage to William Davadge did not last, most likely due to divorce. The Federal census for 1910 for Lycoming County shows her living with her father George. There is no mention of William Davadge. We do find a William Davadge in the 1943 Death Index for Baltimore, MD, having died on August 21 of that year. Perhaps that is the same "William". In any case, Emma married Edward E. Frontz (1867-1943), son of George Frontz and Emeline Fague and owner and editor of The Hughesville Mail, on November 10, 1921. His first wife was Ella Eliza Johnston (1867-1916), so he was a widower when he married our Emma. Edward's mother, Emeline Fague, was the granddaughter of George Fague (1775-1831) and Elizabeth Ruth Corson (1777-1835), both of whom were living in Muncy Valley, PA [then Lycoming but, after 1847, Sullivan County] at the time of their respective deaths. Of course, we have seen the Corson surname in this wedding party and elsewhere in the story. The Frontz [also spelled "Frantz"] side of the family was intermarried with the Poust ["Foust/Faust"], Houseknecht and Lessick families, all of Germanic descent and the first two of which were prevalent in Sullivan County in the 19th century.

Larry Pardoe makes a number of cogent observations about the original Davadge-Woodley wedding party:

I notice that one guest couple at the Davadge-Woodley wedding was Mr. & Mrs. J. H. Corson. This appears to be Joseph Howard Corson and his wife Dora Rogers Corson. Dora, you may recall, was the daughter of Samuel "Sadler" Rogers and Sarah B. (Plotts) Rogers. She was therefore the stepdaughter of Aunt Eliza.
Another guest couple was Mr. & Mrs. William Parker. Mrs. Parker was Francina Rogers, also a daughter of Samuel "Sadler" Rogers and Sarah B. Plotts Rogers. So, she was also a stepdaughter of Aunt Eliza and the older sister of Dora (Rogers) Corson mentioned just above.
Yet another guest couple was Mr. & Mrs. C. W. Persun. I believe this to be Charles W. Person and his wife Clarissa V. Bryan Persun. Clarissa was a daughter of Ellis L. Bryan and Sarah Rogers Bryan, and therefore Emma Woodley's maternal aunt. Sarah Rogers Bryan, you will recall, was the daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Snell) Rogers. Jonathan was, as mentioend previously in the scrapbook commentary, the brother of Moses Rogers and uncle of Samuel "Sadler" Rogers.

I have finally determined the link to connect Sarah J. (Woodley) Yaw to Emma's father, George Woodley. Sarah J. (Woodley) Yaw (January 1828-1927) was married to Loren Yaw (October 1818-1908). Loren was the son of Amos Yaw. Loren had a brother Samuel D. Yaw (February 1, 1820-September 30, 1901) who was married to Mary (Green) Yaw (1829-1905). Mary was a daughter of Richard Green and Mary (Plotts) Green. She was also an aunt to Eliza (Green) Rogers. She was also an aunt by marriage to Emma C. Woodley, as we shall see below.

Emma C. Woodley's parents mentioned above were George W. Woodley (November 1836-August 5, 1921) and Rosa Bell (Bryan) Woodley (April 1843-February 26, 1914). This George was a brother of Sarah J. (Woodley) Yaw mentioned above. Interestingly, there was another George W. Woodley (1859-1890). This youner George W. Woodley was a son of Abram Kinney Woodley and a nephew to the older George W. Woodley and Sarah J. (Woodley) Yaw mentioned above. The younger George W. Woodley was in Hillsgrove Township, Sullivan County, PA in the 1880 census, living with the Malcolm McCormick family, right next to the Green family. Richard Green had died by 1880, and his wife who went by Mary for years, was now going by Polley/Polly, a common nickname for Mary. Living with her was her son William Green and daughter Harriet (Green) McBride, now divorced in 1880. The younger George Woodley went on to marry Aseneth/Asenetha McBride, daughter of James H. McBride and Harriet (Green) McBride. Harriet was a daughter of Richard Green and Mary (Plotts) Green, and therefore also an aunt to our Aunt Eliza. Small world!

Somewhat off the topic of the Davadge-Woodley wedding, as a result of all this research, I am becoming more convinced than ever that Aunt Eliza's father was Isaac Green (1818-1847), as I mentioned a few times earlier. I have a "gut" feeling also that his wife MIGHT have been someone named "Aseneth" who was born in England. When I discovered Harriets' daughter Aseneth McBride in my searching, I have to wonder why Harriet picked that particular name for her daughter - possibly because it might have been that of her deceased brother's widow? Was Aunt Eliza the daughter of Isaac and Aseneth Green?

Larry mentioned that the younger George Woodley was not in the older George Woodley's direct family, but that got Carol Brotzman thinking about the larger issue of the Woodley lineage. Here is what she discovered. The younger George was in fact the son of Andrew (aka "Abram") Kinney and Catherine (Sherman) Woodley. What can we say about this couple? Let's start with Catherine, nee Sherman. She was the daughter of Henry Sherman and his second wife, Elizabeth Thrasher. That's right. The Woodleys were related by marriage to two old and prominent local German-American families. You can learn more about the Shermans at The Sherman Family. The original Sherman settler in the Sullivan County area was the son of a Revolutionary war officer, both named Jacob Sherman. Henry Sherman (1801-1878) was one of the younger Jacob's seven children. Henry first married Catherine Hunsinger (1802-1834) and then, after she died, possibly in conjunction with childbirth, he married Elizabeth "Betsy" Thrasher (1818-1901). So, the Shermans were intermarried with two of the oldest and most ubiquitous local families, the Thrashers and Hunsingers who, as you can find from many sources on this site, were also intermarried at many levels with each other.

Andrew/Abram Kinney Woodley (c. 1833-1910) was in turn the son of Abraham and Anna (Farley) Woodley, who had seven children altogether. We'll leave the Farley family for another day, but, with this information from Carol, we can connect this Woodley branch back into the 1700s. Abraham Woodley (c. 1798-August 20, 1837) was one of at least nine children of Mathias Woodley (c. 1755-July 16, 1825). Mathias died in Muncy, PA, not far from Hughesville where his son Andrew died in 1837. But the truly amazing link is with Abraham's brother, John V. Woodley (02/27/1799-01/02/1860), born in Lycoming County, PA and eventually dying in Garden Bluff, Columbia County, Wisconsin. He married Mary A. Rogers (11/27/1828-02/23/1872) of Lancaster, PA, who eventually died in the same Wisconsin community as her husband. The Rogers name is not just a coincidence here. Mary was the daughter of Samuel Rogers, Jr of Leeds, Yorkshire, England and Mary (Akroyd) Rogers. Her father Samuel was in turn the son of Samuel Rogers, Sr, son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Holmes) Rogers. and Ann Gaunt, daughter of Thomas Gaunt. So, since Samuel, Sr. was the brother of Moses Rogers and an uncle of Sadler Rogers, Eliza's husband, Mary Rogers was first cousin once removed of Sadler and therefore pretty close kin to Eliza by marriage! In short, the Woodleys and Rogers had a deep connection far earlier than Emma's marriage in Hughesville.

Let's go back once more to the older George Woodley and Sarah J. (Woodley) Yaw. We will repeat ourselves a bit for the sake of clarity. Sarah J. Woodley was a daughter of Abraham and Anna (Farley) Woodley. She was therefore a sibling of Andrew/Abram Kinney Woodley and an aunt to the younger George Woodley, son of Andrew/Abram and Catherine (Sherman) Woodley. But it turns out that the older George Woodley, Emma's father, was also a sibling of Sarah and Andrew/Abram Kinney Woodley. So, the older George was a true uncle to the younger George! The Woodley family also ends up being related by marriage to the Streby and Kisner families, two other old German-American families in the area. In fact, Emma's first cousin Mary J. Woodley married George Streby, the author of The Streby History of local Sullivan County communities found on this web site. You can learn more about this lineage at Descendants of Abraham Woodley.

Finally, what about the poem in the right hand column of this page? Its sad theme is the lost youth from both sides in the Civil War. The author was a prominent lawyer who helped establish Cornell University and only wrote poetry as a side interest. The poetry of Francis Miles Finch (1827-1907) was published after his death, so we can date this entry in the scrapbook to after 1907. We have seen other allusions to the Civil War in the scrapbook, so it is safe to say that the recency of the terrible conflict and its heavy toll of youthful dead were both significant to Aunt Eliza.

Here is another page at Shewmake et al, with an odd mixture of content. The central piece is a poem inveighing against the "Reds" by Oscar Lane Shewmake, a prominent Virgina jurist. The poem is dated April 17, 1920, at the peak of the Federal government's nervous campaign against real and imagined internal enemies. Recall that this was less than three years after the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. 1920 was also the year before the nationally covered trial of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti for murder, in which they were accused of being "Red" anarchists. The early 1920s was a period of intense concern about immigrants, foreigners and people with poor language skills, a recurring if ironic theme in American history, since all of us, except for the Native Americans, have ancestral immigrants that would have fit these stereotypes at one time or another. This page also contains a poem entitled "Don't Let Mother Do It", exhorting daughters not to wear their mothers out. The other short poem, entitled "When", written by Emma C. Dowd for The Congregationalist, longs for a world where "Is life worth living?" will not be asked because the things that make us unhappy will all have been set right. Over the course of at least thirty years, Emma wrote books and articles with an optimistic theme about life. In the period from 1912 through 1917, she also wrote a series of "Polly" books about the adventures of a girl named Polly in a variety of adventures, for example, Polly of the Hospital Staff and Polly and the Princess.

The next page is mostly devoted to a satirical story about a local hunt by the citizenry of Forksville for an otherwise unidentified bandit called "the notorious McNamara". The expedition turns out to be the victim of a practical jokester. The date is not given, but the clipping is originally from The Bradford Argus, published in Towanda, Bradford County, PA, although likely reprinted and clipped from elsewhere. There is also a short poem, from The Chicago Tribune, entitled "The Canary", about a bride, a baby, and death. That is a famliar mix in the scrapbook by now.

Let's turn now to a letter sent by Frank Warren, originally from Sullivan County, to the Editor of what appears to be The Sullivan Review. It is entitled "Oregon" and is dated May 30, 1876. The mailing address is listed as Bunavesti, Polk County, Oregon. Here is the web site for the History of Polk County, Oregon, and another for the Genealogical History of Polk County. The author had been in Oregon for about six months and his letter describes the agricultural life and economy of this northwest Oregon area. "Bunavesti" was actualy Buena Vista, a hamlet about 7 miles south of Independence, OR and today located west of Interstate 5. We are not sure why Frank Warren went to Oregon, but we do know that Independence was incorporated about this time and that railroad expansion was an ongoing development activity. This area had been ceded by the Grande Ronde Indian nation in 1855 to the United States, and both settlement and development followed on the heels of this pacification.


This "Frank" Warren is almost certainly Francis J. Warren (1833-1899), husband of Selinda/Syllinda "Rose" Betts (1834-1921), who appear in the 1860 Federal census for Eldredsville, Forks Township, Sullivan County, PA. You can learn more about this couple and their family at The Warren Photo History. In 1860, they are living right next door to Frank's parents, Joseph and Eliza Ann (Bryan) Warren, whose household also included at that time their daughter Mary Jane Warren (1844-1910). Mary Jane subsequently married Electus Frost (1841-1914), son of John and Jane (Wilsie) Frost, in 1864 and the couple relocated to Idaho. You may recall the name "Frost" from an earlier entry on this page, where Emeline Forst (sister of Electus) married David Potter and that couple moved away as well! Frank's older sister, Hannah Belle Warren, had already married Hiram Campbell in 1856, the same year that Frank and Syllinda married, and moved to a separate home. Note: Hannah's husband Hiram was killed in an accident in 1862; she then married Orlando Heverly, son of John and Almira (Kellogg) Heverly, and the couple moved to Nebraska*. The Warrens and the folks they married apparently were a migratory family.
*Editor's Note: This was the second occasion in local history where a "Hannah Warren" married a Heverly. The first Hannah Warren, daughter of John and Mary (Ward) Warren, is narrated in The History of Overton. Chrstian Heverly (1800-1860), one of the early residents of the county, married this "Hannah Warren" in 1819, but she died two years later [Larry Pardoe has her as living from 1803-1824], and Christian then remarried to Martha Kilmer. The second incident is the one reported here between Hannah Warren, Frank's sister, and Orlando Heverly. Both Hannahs and both Heverly's are, of course, blood relationships, respectively. The two Hannah Warrens were probably in the relationship of great-aunt and great-niece. In the case of the Heverly relationship, Orlando was a nephew of Christian Heverly.

While we are looking at these relationships, let's take a look at the 1870 Federal census for Millview in Forks Township. Larry Pardoe makes some interesting points about this document. First, Francis J. ("Frank") Warren is actually the assissant marshall entrusted with preparing the census report for this area for the 1870 census. "F. Luke", listed above the Warrens, is actually Frederick William Lucke, a farmer born in Germany. He was married to Lucy Jane Warren, daughter of John Warren and Elizabeth Glidewell. Lucy was therefore a first cousin to Francis Warren; the 1880 Federal census shows Frederick and Lucy in Lake View Township, Cook Co., IL. Their daughter Alice Lucke was a direct ancestor of Don Andrew who contributed Letters to Isaac Rogers from Soldiers in the Civil War to our web page. This "Isaac Rogers" (1836-1914) was a son of Moses Rogers and brother of Sadler Rogers. You can read more about him and the valorous Civil War service of the Lucke brothers at the link just given. Also, a biographical paragraph on Isaac Rogers is provided in "Soldiers" section of the Streby History of Forks/Forksville. This source also has material on the Nye family; the first wife of Isaac Rogers was Amy Nye.

Furthermore, on the same 1870 Federal census for Millview page with the Warrens is Daniel "Squire" Huckell, married the following year to Catherine M. (Osler) Fleming, widow of Daniel Fleming who died in the Civil War. Catherine was the daughter of John Hinkle Osler and Jane Myers. We have met all of these personalities already in the scrapbook; is it not amazing how intertwined these families were?

Incidentally, Herman and George Lucke, listed on this census page under D. Huckell, appear to be sons of Henry H. Lucke, brother of Frederick William Lucke. And, of course, we find the Warrens: Francis, Sylinda, Ellis, Ransom and Mary.

We don't actually know what became of the Warrens after they went to Oregon. There is a very peculiar entry in the 1880 Federal census for Whitman County, Washington, which is about 300 miles east of the area of Oregon where "Frank" wrote from. Tis Washington entry shows "James" and "Amanda" Warren with three children named Ellis, Ransom and Mary. As it turns out, these are the middle names of Frank and Syllinda, but why would they use those names? And the birth places of origin for all of the family are other states than Pennsylvania. Bob Sweeney's guess is that these are the same Warrens, but they were trying to avoid being easy to find. Perhaps they had to leave Oregon in a hurry, maybe due to an unpayable debt or something of that kind. We just do not know. We do have Syllinda in the 1900 Federal census for White Pine, Latah County, Idaho, living with her son Ransom, and his children Frank and Maud Warren. We know that Ransom F. Warren was married to Mildred Gibson, so perhaps she had died, since she is not listed with the family at this time. Living next door to them is Syllinda's son Ellis with his wife, Annie.

Francis J. Warren died March 2, 1899 and is buried in the Moscow Cemetery, Moscow, Idaho. Here is his grave marker which appears on the Gano Family Home Page:

Francis J. Warren
August 13, 1833-March 2, 1899
Grave Marker
Moscow Cemetery
Moscow, Idaho
Source: Jay Gano and the Gano Family Home Page

This same page of the scrapbook contains a short unattributed poem entitled "In the Nest", which encourages mothers to cherish their children while they are still "in the nest" because they will grow up and leave soon enough.

Let's turn now to a Memorial Page that contains a memorial poem for Mrs. Thomas Deegan and also one for A. B. Allen, son of Mr. and Mrs. Burton Allen of Laddsburg. These poems were apparently originally published in The Sullivan Review, although no dates are given. There are also six other poems of varying themes clipped from other sources.

So, who was Mrs. Thomas Deegan? Well, we are pretty sure, but not certain. There were as it turns out two (!!!) Thomas Deegans who served in the Civil War from this area.

The Ingham History of Sullivan County tells the story of the Deegan family, and we learn there that our fist candidate Thomas A. Deegan was one of three sons of Jeremiah Darby (1783-1851) Deegan and Alicia T. (1799-1886) (Birmingham) Deegan to join the Union army in the Civl War. There may have been as many as four other children in this family. Any way, Thomas enlised as a captain on January 25, 1862 in Company C of the 107th PA Infantry. He was promoted on November 5 of that year. He died in 1863 after losing his leg at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, on December 13, 1862 and is buried at St. Basil's Cemetery in Dushore in the old section of that cemetery. His stone was placed by his mother, who survived until April 14, 1886. Could this be the husband of the "Mrs. Deegan" mentioned in the scrapbook?

If we look at Tina Pastusic's Death Registry for 1919, we find a Margaret Deegan whose obituary was published on January 11 of that year. This could be the same "Mrs. Thomas Deegan" honored in the scrapbook; we are told in the scrapbook that she died three weeks prior to this poem being published, so perhaps this article appeared around the end of January, 1919.

However, there is a problem with this woman being the widow of our first Thomas Deegan, which brings us to our second Thomas Deegan. Look at this entry uncovered by Carol Brotzman:

The Sullivan Review
January 3, 1917

Thomas Deegan, a Civil War veteran, aged nearly 80 years, died Tuesday morning, January 2, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. John P. Croak, near New Albany, with whom he made his home for the last 8 years. Mr. Deegan has been totally blind for the past 4 years and has been confined to his bed for 17 weeks.
He is survived by the following sons and daughters: Mrs. John P. Croak, of New Albany; Mrs. Frank O'Neil of Wilmot; John and Elizabeth Deegan of Buffalo; J.P. and P.F. Deegan of Chicago and Thomas Deegan of Reynoldsville, Pa. Also the following brothers; J.F. Deegan of Laquin and Patrick Deegan of Lockport, NY
Funeral services will be held Friday morning at St. Basil's church.

It appears that he must be a widower, since he is living with his daughter. This second Thomas Deegan was born about 1840 and appears in the 1870 Federal census for Albany Township, Bradford County, PA, with a wife named Elizabeth and children named John and Rosa. By the time of the 1880 Federal census, the family had grown to six children: John, Rosa, Thomas, Peter, Mary and Jeremiah. In addition, Peter's mother, Rosa {"Rosey"), age 75, was also living with the family. Albany is right on the Sullivan County line just north of Dushore, PA.

It turns out that this Thomas Deegan is one of at least three children of Peter and Rosey Deegan. Thomas was born in New Jersey, but the other two children were born in New York state. One brother, Peter Deegan (1844-1886), married Bridget Burns lived in Sullivan County. His tragic story can be found in the genealogy of this Deegan/Burns family on Faces and Families of Old Sullivan County, Group One. Just scroll down to the relevant section. A second brother, named Jeremiah, was born in 1845, but we know nothing else about him for now. Nor do we know how this Deegan family relates to the other Deegan family of the "first" Thomas Deegan, although we suspect there may be one.

Meanwhile, the reasons we are leaning toward this second Thomas Deegan as the one whose widow is meorialized in the scrapbook poem are:

(1) the poem indicates children are still alive; as best we know, only the second Thomas had living children after the Civil War
(2) if the first Thomas had a wife, then SHE would have claimed his pension, but there is no claim by a widow of this veteran nor did a surviving wife place his stone at St. Basil's.

We will continue to research this matter, but the evidence is pretty strong that the second Thomas Deegan, who survived after the war, is our quarry. However, if his wife was really named "Elizabeth", then the "Margaret Deegan" who died in 1919 is probably not his widow.

We are told in the second memorial poem on this page that A. B. Allen of Otterdale, VA died on Tuesday, April 21, but not given a year. From the context, where he is referred to as "another valiant soldier gone..../Neath sunny Southern skies, Where in youthful days he fought", we can conclude he served in the Civil War. Many members of this Allen family are buried in Laddsburg Cemetery, although not Burton and Ruth, the parents, themselves. Nor is A. R. buried there. Perhaps he is buried in the Otterville area which lies between Roanoke and Lynchburg in the southern part of the state.

Carol Brotzman suggests he may be the John A. B. Allen, Jr. who enlisted in Company F, Seventeenth PA Infantry Regiment on April 25, 1861, and was musterd out later that year. She also found A. B. Allen in the 1880 Federal census for Burlington, Bradford County, PA, as a bark peeler (age 34) with a wife, Emily (age 37) and two children, BURTON C. (age 6) and Elsworth M.(age 1). Recall that Burton is the first name of the father of the Allen who is memorialized in the scrapbook. Perhaps he was mustered out in the same year he enlisted because it was discovered tht he was 15 years old in 1861! If this is the same A. B. Allen, why did he end up in southern Virginia? Carol offers this suggestion:

Other families, such as the Marbakers from the same area, went to Virginia in the same time era. They went to the mines, as did some of the Hunsingers. The Hunsingers and the Marbakers came back, so his family may have done so as well. These other families left around 1895 and most were back about 1900, but some not until after the census for that year. This is only a theory as to why the local folks went. But it was a job! The Cobb family from this area went to Wilkes-Barre because the economy was bad here, with no jobs on the farm, but they came back too. Burlington, where the Allens lived, was farm country as well in the late 1800s, so this may offer an explanation.

Bob Sweeney notes that southwestern Virginia, West Virginia and eastern Kentucky were definitely linked to the late nineteenth and early twentieth century coal mining industry, both directly in some cases and in others by serving as railroad communities. A superficial search of the cemeteries around Otterville did not locate a grave for Allen, but he could be buried there or perhaps somewhere back in northern Pennsylvania.

The other poems on this page are as follows:

"Old Time Songs", from the New Orleans Times-Democrat, whose theme is self-explanatory;
"Unawares", by Alice Williams Brotherton (1848-1930), which uses the obscure word "benison" meaning blessing; Brotherton was a popular author of essays and poems for a variety of periodicals;
"Cloud and Sunshine" by Captain R. K. Carter, published in the New York Observer; this paper was founded in 1829 and is not the same paper as the current publication of that name, which was founded in 1987; the theme is that better days are always coming;
"Modern Progress" by John Vance Cheney (1848-1922), lawyer, poet and librarian; the theme is nostalgia for the old ways of doing things;
"The Stars", a poetic snippet from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882), the great American poet;
"Shall Be A King" by James Bartlett Wiggin, a late nineteenth century poet and author; for example, he published A Wild Artist In Boston in 1888 under his own publishing label; the theme of the little poem shown here is self-discipline:
"Lean on None" by William F. Shurtleff; Shurtleff is an old New England surname, the history of which was detailed in 1917 in The Descendants of William Shurtleff; it is not known exactly which member of the family wrote this poetic homily to self-reliance.

Next, we come to a page of Selected Poetry, clipped from sundry sources. We begin with a patriotic poem by Isaac Eaton, entitled "Memorial-day, 189_". We are therefore confident that the date of publication is before 1900. The source given is Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly, which was a serial publication issued between 1876 and 1904. Underneath that entry appears "The Song of Work" by John Parnell, published in the New York News. The right hand column leads off with "A Thanksgiving Prayer" by Mary Riley Smith, taken from The Congregationalist, a source we have encountered before in this scrapbook. The final entry is "Cradle Song", author unidentified, from the Philadelphia Ledger. Philadelphia newspapers apparently had a habit of appending poetry to obituaries, and this poem appears to be an example, although we do not know the name or date of the deceased. What we do know is that patriotism, the work ethic, religious piety, and a devotion to children--the themes of this page and many other items in the scrapbook--were all dear to Aunt Eliza's heart.

The following page gives us a "Prize Poem" by E. H. Morton, an otherwise unidentified poet. The source is also not given, but the topic was the commonly known patent medicine, Dana's Sarsaparilla. It was manufactured in Belfast, Maine, beginning in 1888 and was thought to have produced many wonderful cures. You can read more about this and other patent medicinal products of Maine at To Market--To Market. Here is a picture of the bottle the stuff came in:

Dana's Sarsaparilla
Antique Bottle
Patent Medicine Produced in Maine
Source: Pynchon House Glass Antiques

Also on this page appears an unattributed religious poem, "The Master's Touch"; "Spring Song", comparing youth's opportunities to Spring and authored by Graham R. Tomson (1863-1911), the pseudonym of Rosamund Marriott Watson, an London poetess; and "Brave Love", a love poem about a man who played the violin and his lover who had a singing voice. While this last clipping says the author was anonymous, it is now known that the author was Mary Kyle Dallas (1830-1897), a Philadelphia born novelist and poetess. This particular poem, whose actual real title was "Hed Nothing But His Violin", was apparently eventually set to music. The final entry on this page is asserted to be the final, pious poem by the journalist Hamilton Jay. It turns out that Hamilton Jay was the son of another journalist, Charles Jay, who was a significant player in the 19th century History of Trenton, NJ. The younger Jay went to Florida after the Civil War and became a newspaperman in the Jacksonville area. Here is what the Old Mill Historical Society actually had to say about Jay in the 1917 Stories of Old Mill Hill:

Simon B. Conover and Hamilton Jay went to Florida together as "carpetbaggers." The former became United States Senator and the latter postmaster at Jacksonville. Hamilton Jay, on leaving the postoffice was connected with a newspaper and became quite famous from writing what he called `tramp sermons.' About 25 years ago he committed suicide by taking cyanide of potassium. I was talking to him a few days before and he said he didn't want to become a burden to any one as he was afraid he was losing his mind....

towering over all, the 6-foot boy, Hamilton Jay, well remembered by many, who later in life became one of the backers and the mouthpiece for Simon Conover; a Third Warder, also who, after the war, became a carpetbagger, journeyed 'way down South, located in Florida, was graciously received and elected to the United States Senate. Senator Conover and "Ham" Jay (familiarly known to his intimates) later on made a visit to Trenton, and old friends lionized the duo, "Ham" boasting that they carried the keys of the Flowery State vaults in their pockets....

On the corner diagonally opposite from Alex Johnson lived Charles W. Jay. He had three sons and several beautiful daughters. Hamilton and Randolph were much older than I was and were companions of my older brother. John Jay was about my age.

Of course, Aunt Eliza only saw the poem, and knew nothing about the real Hamilton Jay. It appears his death occurred in the early 1890s.

We are slowly but surely getting to the end of the scrapbook, but there are still a few stories to tell and entries to examine. Here is one with a poem by Robinson Barnes, celebrating his 83rd birthday. The date must be about 1891, given that we know his age at death [see below], and appears to have been printed in The Sullivan Review. Basically, he attributes the sober and upright life, despite a bump in the road now and then, as the formula for longevity. It would not have dawned on Barnes that comments about being "jewed" would be viewed as culturally or ethnicaly insensitive. But then he lived before the century that was filled with such enormous racial and ethnic hatred as the Holocaust, the Armenian genocide, Rwanda, Bosnia and the Gulag Archipelago! Carol Brotzman unearthed some family history on Barnes. He was born December 04, 1808 in Blansford, Massachusetts, and died June 11, 1902. He first married Orrill Smith West on November 30, 1834. She died in 1847. He then married Amanda Dikeman (1822-1877) on July 05, 1849. She died March 17, 1877. Here is an obituary for our octagenarian:

The Sullivan Review
June 19, 1902

Robinson Barnes, the oldest person in Elkland Township, and perhaps in the county, departed this life June 11th, 1902.
He was in his ninety-fourth year, having been born in Blanford, Mass., December 4th, 1808. His father, Jeremiah Barnes, died when he was six years old. He lived with some of his relatives until he was eleven years old when he was bound out and learned the trade of house carpenter, remaining with his master until he gained his majority.
At the age of twenty-two he moved to Orwell, Bradford county, Pa. November 30th, 1834, he was united in marriage with Orrill Smith West. To them one child was born which died in infancy. Here he cleared a large farm.
His first wife died in 1847. He was again married July 5th, 1849, to Amanda Dikeman (1822-1877). In 1855 he moved with his family to Elkland and purchased the Boyles homestead near Bethel, where he has since resided.
By his second wife three sons were born, Frank R., Miles O. and Jay C., all married and living in the same neighborhood, Miles O. remaining on the old homestead. His second wife died March 17th, 1877.
He held many township offices in his younger days and did much to build up the common schools of our township. Besides working his farm he did a great deal of painting and cabinet work.
But of his bright Christian character we are more desirous of speaking. At the age of thirteen he joined the M.E. church, and remained a consistent member to the day of his death, thus being a member of that church for over eighty years. During that period he was a class leader for more then forty years, and a Sunday school superintendent at least twenty years. He had a wonderful influence for good over the young, in the community in which he lived, not only the young but in fact everybody. His many kind exertions will long be remembered, though the voice of "Uncle Robinson" is now stilled in death.
The funeral was largely attended on Friday Rev. J.H. Bowen officiating. Interment at Bethel cemetery by the side of the graves of his wife and mother.

Incidentally, one of his sons, Frank R. Barnes (1850-1939), married Mary E. Pardoe (1849-1929), an ancestral relation of Larry Pardoe, on October 15, 1874 in Campbellville, PA, Reverend Richard Bedford officiating. See Richard Bedford's Diary of Marriages. Mary was the youngest of seven children of William and Jane (McCarty) Pardoe. William was the brother of Larry Pardoe's great-great-grandfather John Pardoe. Frank R. Barnes and Mary E. Pardoe had three children; Jane Amanda Barnes, Martha L. Barnes and William Barnes. Martha L. Barnes married Henry Ward Warren, son of William B. Warren and Jerusha (Hunsinger) Warren. H. Ward Warren and Martha had two children; Eleanor Catherine Warren - who passed away in August 2005 - and Ruth May Warren - who we can thank for the Rogers photos that her daughter-in-law Norma Rogers presents at at The Rogers and Warren Family Photo Connection. Ruth married Laurence Rogers, the grandson of Sadler and "Aunt Eliza" (Green) Rogers, in 1932. You can see why the Barnes family made it to the scrapbook!

Robinson Barnes is buried at the Bethel Cemetery near Elkland, PA, along with his second wife Amanda. All three of his sons--Miles, Frank and Jay Barnes--and Frank's wife Mary (Pardoe) are also buried there. In addition, Betsy Barnes (1777-1874), the widow of Jeremiah Barnes and mother of Robinson, is also buried there.

This page also contains several assorted homilies, poems and anecdotes from a variety of contemporary and earlier sources. These include:

(1) "A Boy's Belief", a tongue-in-cheek poem disputing the thought that being young is so much fun; the author, Eva Best, is otherwise unidentified;
(2) "Pegging Away", from the Lutheran Observer, about the virtues of sticking-to-it; this publication was first published in Baltimore in 1831;
(3) "Love and Gold" by Alexander Pope (1688-1744), the famous English poet;
(4) "Beauty", a brief poem attributed only to "Daniel"--perhaps the Old Testament book by that name written about 164 B. C.;
(4) a testament to Bucklen's Arnica Salve, a widely distributed skin nostrum manufactured by the H. E. Bucklen Company of Chicago;
(5) "Magic", a poem apparently about longing for spring when fall comes, perhaps as an analogy for old age and youth; the author is G. K. Turner and the source is The Springfield Republican, a newspaper founded in 1824 in Springfield, Massachusetts by Samuel Bowles and first issued as The Union-News, and still in business in 2005;
(6) a comical poem entitled "He Knew Her", published in the New York Truth, about linguistic usages in Boston;
(7) finally, "Contentment", a poem about marital contentment by Charles Kingsley, whom we have met before in the scrapbook.

A final page that includes a somewhat bewildering assortment of poems and homilies, all undated, is the Dyer et al page. The contents are:

(1) "Good Cheer", a poem about being upbeat, by Luella Clarke, in Western; the publication's title is so general that we cannot accurately guess as to what exactly it was or when published;
(2) "The End", a poem about the unpredictability of life, by Winthrop Church; we could not find a reference for this source either;
(3) "Two", a poem about the different ways that men and women love, by Rose Terry Cooke (1827-1892); best known as a short story writer, she published as late as 1891 in such venues as Graham's and Atlantic magazines;
(4) "At Last", a humorous unattributed poem about courting, published in the New York Press, a source we have encountered before in the scrapbook;
(5) "Life's Story", a poem about the stages of life, by Augusta Moore; if she is the same person, this author appears to have written "Turn About, Fair Play", published on April 13, 1865 in The Youth's Companion, about the alleged hypocrisy of slaveowners; published between 1827 and 1929, The Youth's Companion was a popular magazine for children:
(6) "Second Thoughts", poem on a self-evident topic, by Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892), the great English poet;
(7) "Man", a poem about the evil of slavery, by Florence Earle Coates (1850-1927), an American poetess, born in Philadelphia and educated in New England and France;
(8) "Each Man Makes His Own Stature", a poem with a self-explnanatory topic, by the English poet Edward Young (1683-1765);
(9) "Between the Cradle and the Grave", a poem about the brevity of life, by John Dyer (1699-1757); Dyer was a Welsh lawyer by training who took up painting and then poetry; his biography appeared in Samuel Johnson's Lives of the English Poets.

A few more things stand out in this last selection of clippings for Aunt Eliza's scrapbook. For one, her previously expressed patriotism for the Union cause in the Civil War was also enthused by a moral distaste for slavery. And, her tastes ranged beyond the selection of local and contemporary American sources of the nineteenth century to include classic poets from the less known to the eminent, such as Tennyson. Clearly, even if self-educated, Eliza Green Rogers was a prodigiously well informed, intelligent and insatiably curious individual. We are grateful for that curiosity and for her zeal to collect and preserve the snapshot of life in late nineteenth America that her creation of the scrapbook made possible.


Editor's Appendix: The Pardoe Traditon in Sullivan County

As presented by Lorin F. "Larry" Pardoe
January 30, 2007

My 3rd great-grandfather was Joseph Pardoe who moved from Point Township, Northumberland County, PA to Elkland Township (then Lycoming Co.,-now Sullivan Co) about 1813. He had eight children; two married into the McCarty family; two married into the Molyneux family; one married a Green first and a Sherman when his first wife died; one died young and I couldn't find out if she ever married, but I don't think so; another married into the Little family. Then there was my great-great-grandfather John Pardoe. He was born in 1811 and apparently didn't care for the "farm life"; in 1839 he married and settled in Lewisburg, Union Co., PA.

My relationship to the Warren family is as follows:
Henry Ward Warren - married Martha L. Barnes (daughter of Frank R. and Mary E. (Pardoe) Barnes. Henry was husband of my second cousin, twice removed, Martha L. Barnes
Ruth May Warren - married Laurence Eugene Rogers (son of Rush G. and Jennie (Miller) Rogers. Ruth May Warren was my 3rd cousin, once removed. YOu can read about this family in great detail at the Rogers and Warren Family Photo Collection. Ruth's daughter-in-law, Norma Rogers, is the source of the photos in this collection.
I don't actually understand why her parents were "twice removed", yet she calculates as once removed!?
There is another Warren connection as follows:
Martha S. Warren, daughter of William B. and Jerusha (Hunsinger) Warren, married Ira J. Pardoe, son of Albert and Susanna (Brenchley) Pardoe. Ira J. Pardoe was my second cousin, twice removed. Their daughter, Maud Elizabeth Pardoe, married Hugh J. Warren, son of William and Amelia ( ? ) Warren. Maud and Hugh were also second cousins, once removed.

The only Hunsinger that I am closely tied to would be Jerusha. Although we do not have a direct relationship, her daughter was Martha S. Warren. Martha married Ira J. Pardoe, as related above.

William and Amelia ( ? ) Warren also had another child that apparently died in infancy - no name. For those who want to look into this relationship further, here is the cemetery transcription of the Windfall Cemetery, Granville Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, transcribed in the late 1990's by Pat Wilson Buck and Ray Buck, Patti Johnson, and Beatrice Marguerite Wood Wilson [page 6]: Windfall Cemetery.

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