1. What trail or path was significant as the main east-west route of Indians and traders in Indiana County’s early history?

2. What famous U.S. Senator, Republican National Chairman, and acknowledged Republican “boss” of Pennsylvania attended school at the old Indiana Academy (site of Memorial Hall)?

3. What monument was erected in Indiana County in 1894 as the corner of the boundary of Pennsylvania’s purchase of land from the Indians in 1768 (part of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, N.Y)?

4. What old charcoal iron furnace was erected in Indiana County about the time of the same-named battle during the Mexican War, circa 1847?

5. What famous inventor’s home is still standing near Smicksburg and what was his invention, circa 1868-72, that is still in use today?

6. What first great figure of national importance in the American labor union movement (president of the National Labor Union, 1868) was born in Armagh?

7. What church building was constructed in Blairsville in 1830 that is still in use today?

8. What was the name of the ancient fire engine purchased in 1828 by Blairsville?

9. What uncle of a famed Indian scout is buried in Gilgal cemetery (he was thought to be the prototype for James Fennimore Cooper’s Leatherstocking)?

10. Who was born and raised 6 miles east of Indiana in the area of old Devil’s Elbow (old road) and was a member of John Brown’s company of men that seized the U.S. Arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, 1859?

11. What eldest son of a famous writer, inventor, and statesman accompanied Conrad Weisner in his travel on the Kittanning Path in 1848?

12. What early environmentalist and nationally known American primitive painter, some of whose works hang in national art galleries, was born in Marion Center (which had been founded in 1841 by his father)?

13. What 1772 pioneer family homestead was located west of Indiana on Rte. 422, where a stone structure was erected in 1792 and used as a temporary residence (a state historical marker designates the location)?

14. What incidents occurred in Indiana County in 1844-45 that are probably the most thrilling and noted of all such incidents to involve this county and area?

15. What town besides Saltsburg was home to the early salt industry in Indiana County in the early 1800’s?

16. What museum was under contract with the National Park Service near Blairsville-Cokeville Bridge and why?

17. Who represented Indiana County in the State Senate, 1857-1860, and served as Assistant Attorney General during Lincoln’s administration?

18. What boyhood home of a famous actor is located at 104 North Seventh Street in Indiana?

19. What tract of 1,202 ¼ acres formerly owned by the sons and heirs of William Penn by virtue of a warrant dated in 1760, was sold by them in 1809 and divided into smaller tracts in what is now Cherryhill Township?

20. “LeTort’s Town” was located where Plum and Crooked Creeks join and was a trading post for which of the very earliest Europeans to travel this region, at least as early as 1727?

21. What signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution played a very prominent role in Indiana County but never even visited the area?

22. Who was the real life man who became the “Paul Bunyan” of the timber areas of the entire West Branch?

23. What other place name is associated with Cherry Tree?

24. Who was the first person to refine petroleum (he was born near the old village of Coalport in Conemaugh Township)?



1. The Kittanning Path was in use possibly as early as 1727. It entered the county from the east about a mile south of Cherry Tree and was along approximate line of Uniontown, Cookport, Wandin and Diamondville to present Rt. 422, then on or near this highway through Indiana to Shelota, Elderton ending in Kittanning.

2. Matthew Quay was about 11 when his father, Rev. A.B. Quay, was installed as the pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Indiana May 9, 1845. Matthew attended school at the old Indiana Academy (forerunner of IUP) until he was past 18.

3. The Cherry Tree Monument. All of a line from Cherry Tree to Kittanning was included in this purchase.

4. The Buena Vista Furnace is located off Rt. 56 north of Armagh.

5. John B. McCormick was the inventor of the water turbine still in use today in hydroelectric installations all over the world.

6. William H. Silvis was born in Armagh November 26, 1828.

7. St. Peter’s Episcopal Church is on the National Register of Historic Places.

8. The Conemaugh

9. Sam Brady, Sr.

10. Albert Hazlett

11. William Franklin, son of Benjamin Franklin

12. Linton Park, 1826-1906

13. Fergus Moorhead family

14. Fugitive slave incidents involving the principal figures of Dr. Robert Mitchell, Judge Thomas White, David Ralston, Anthony Hollingsworth, and Garret Van Meter. A Federal Court in Pittsburgh found Dr. Mitchell guilty of harboring fugitive slaves and fined him $500 and costs in November 1847.

15. Salina (from the word “saline”)

16. Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh conducted an archeological dig in that area and discovered significant artifacts from an early Indian settlement.

17. Titan James Coffey, 1824-1897, resided in Indiana from 1848-1860.

18. James Maitland Stewart, 1908-1997

19. Cherryhill Manor was located in the general area of old “Manor School” along Rte. 553 between Penn Run and Heilwood.

20. James LeTort

21. George Clymer, 1739-1813

22. “Cherry Tree Joe” McCreery was the subject of many tall tales and folk songs.

23. “Canoe Place” is where Indians began navigation of the West Branch by canoe.

24. Samuel M. Kier, 1813-1874 later built canal boats near Cookport.

From The Helman Collection, Historical & Genealogical Society of Indiana County