Samuel ABNEY

M, b. between 1755 and 1760, d. 1826
1st cousin 5 times removed of John Kennedy BROWN Jr.
     Samuel ABNEY was born between 1755 and 1760 in Edgefield District, South Carolina, son of Dannett ABNEY and Cassandra Abney.1 Samuel ABNEY also went by the name of "Long Sam". Records from the time sometimes listed him as Samuel Abney, Jr. to differentiate him from Samuel Abney, Sr., his uncle, who married Martha Harriet Hamilton.2
     Samuel saw military service circa 1780 in Ninety-Six District, South Carolina, during the Revolution. He served in Col. Robert Anderson's company in Gen. Pickens South Carolina Militia. It was per Samuel's request (he signed his name with an X) that his payment for services rendered be delivered to Mr. Joshua Deen on October 27, 1785. The pay indent read, "Mr. Saml. Abney, Junr. his accot. of Duty in the Militia as Private before, and since the reduction of Charleston."3
     Sam was captured at the fall of Charleston and involved in the Batlle of King's Mountain on 7 Oct 1780. From King's Mountain and Its Heroes: "Samuel Abney—better known as Long Sam Abney, to distinguish him from others of the name—a resident of Edgefield County, South Carolina, was a Whig both in principle and practice. Upon the fall of Charleston, and the occupation of Ninety-Six and Augusta by a strong British force, the great body of the people were forced to submit—to take protection, which they understood to mean neutrality; but which the British leaders construed very differently. They were treated as conquered Rebels, and, in many instances, were compelled to lake up arms in defense of a Government which they loathed, and to fight against their country's freedom to which their hearts were devoted. Such was Abney's situation. He was forced into Gen. Ferguson's Loyalist corps, and was marched to King's Mountain.
     At the commencement of the battle, he stationed himself behind a rock, where he would be secure from the balls of either side, determined not to fight against his countrymen. He could not, and would not, take part in shooting his own friends, was his secret thought and resolution. But amid the shower of bullets flying in every direction, he was not so safe as he had flattered himself; for while leaning on his rifle, and probably indulging in the curiosity of taking a view of the combatants, he unintentionally exposed his person more than he had designed, when a ball penetrated the fleshy part of his arm. This made him " a little mad," as he expressed it; still he had, as yet, no thought of taking part in the contest. Presently, however, he was struck with another ball; which made him " mighty mad," and he then turned in and fought with the bravest and boldest of Ferguson's troops. Before the action was over, he was riddled with bullets, as he related the story of the fight— seven balls taking effect on his person. He was left in a helpless, unconscious condition, among the slain and wounded on the battle-field ; but fortunately the frost of the ensuing night revived him. He crawled to a neighboring branch, and slacked his burning thirst. He was subsequently found by one of the people of that region, who compassionately conveyed him to his home, and bound up his wounds; and, after many days, he recovered, and returned to his friends. He lived to a good old age, and used merrily to relate how he was shot, and how he was provoked to shoot back again, at King's Mountain."4
     Samuel ABNEY witnessed a sale of land by George Dean Sr. on 22 January 1795 in Edgefield County, South Carolina. The land on Perryman Creek, a branch of the Little Saluda River, was adjacent to Dannett Abney's land. Dannett and Samuel Abney were among the witnesses.5
     Samuel ABNEY bought a tract of land from Dannett ABNEY on 20 December 1797 in Edgefiield County, South Carolina. Sold for $150 the deed contained 150 acres upon Persimmon Lick Creek of the Little Saluda River, originally granted unto said Dannett Abney, adjacent lands of Joseph Griffith, George Abney, Walter Abney, and Glade Lick Creek. Witnesses were Joel Abney and Esau Brooks. It was signed by Dannett Abney and proven 5 Jan 1798 by Joel Abney. It was recorded 13 Jun 1798 by Nathaniel Abney, JP.6 He witnessed the sale of land from Dannett ABNEY to an unknown person on 14 February 1798 in Edgefiield County, South Carolina. John Riley.7
     Samuel married Mary RILEY in 1807 in Edgefield District, South Carolina. She was a daughter of William Riley, Sr.8
     Samuel ABNEY acquired a government land plat 22 December 1810 on Big Creek of Little Saluda River, Edgefield District, South Carolina. It contained 1000 acres and was surveyed by John Abney. Other names mentioned: Smith Brooks, William Butler, Samuel Mays, William Riley and William Summers.9
     Samuel married second Matilda Owens Gilly Trotter on 8 May 1819 in Edgefield County, South Carolina.
     Samuel ABNEY sold a tract of land to John Riley on 13 September 1822 in Edgefield County, South Carolina. Samuel Abney for one thousand dollars in hand paid by John Riley, sold to Riley two hundred fifty acres originally granted to Dennet Abney and given by Dennet Abney to Samuel Abney, the land lying between Persimmon Creek and Glade Lick Branch adj. lands of William Barnes, Macha Griffith, and Joseph Retherford. Signed by Samuel (X) Abney. Witnesses: James Bowlen, Z. S. Brooks and John Walton, Junr. Proved 7 Oct 1823 by Zachariah S. Brooks and Daniel Bird CC. Justice John Chapman certifies relinquishment of dower of Gilly Abney.10
     Samuel ABNEY died in 1826 in Jones County, Georgia.
     Samuel ABNEY left a will dated 25 December 1826 in Jones County, Georgia. His estate was inventoried and sold beginning in early 1827.
Last Edited=2 Mar 2020

Child of Samuel ABNEY and Mary RILEY


  1. [S199] Abney Hintgen Brewer, "Abney Research," e-mail to John K. Brown, 25 January 2006.
  2. [S199] Abney Hintgen Brewer, "Abney Research," e-mail to John K. Brown, October 4, 2002.
  3. [S479] A. S. Salley, Accounts Audited, Book U, No. 160 Samuel Abney, Junr., pg. 35-36.
  4. [S765] Lyman C. Draper, King's Mountain & its Heroes, pg. 310-312.
  5. [S810] Ge Lee Corley Hendrix, Edgefield County Deeds V1, pg. 121.
  6. [S764] Carol Wells, Edgefield Deeds, Deed Books 13, 14, 15: DB 15, pg. 345-347.
  7. [S764] Carol Wells, Edgefield Deeds, Deed Books 13, 14, 15: DB 15, pg. 335-337.
  8. [S805] Abney Hintgen Brewer, Legacy of Samuel Abney, pg. 226.
  9. [S1070] State Plat Books Series S-213192, Volume 0045: pg. 100, South Carolina Department of Archives and History.
  10. [S764] Carol Wells, Edgefield Deeds, DB 40 pg. 175.

Information on this site has been gathered over many years from many sources. Although great care has been taken, inaccuracies may exist.