Payne County, Oklahoma Trails To The Past

Payne County
Oklahoma Trails To The Past

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By Organic Act
County 6

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    Created on land that was once part of the Creek Nation, Payne was one of the first counties established in Oklahoma Territory by the Organic Act in May 1890. It was first designated as the Sixth County, but was later named to honor Boomer leader David L. Payne. The county was part of the territory settled during the Land Run of 1889.
    Prehistoric occupation of the region has been revealed in various archaeological sites in the county, including four of the Archaic period (6000 B.C. to A.D.1), two Woodland sites (A.D. 1 to 1000), and two Plains Village sites (A.D. 1000 to 1500).
    The Organic Act also ended a bitter dispute between Stillwater and Perkins over which should be the county seat. Settlers from both communities, some armed, lined up on opposite sides of Stillwater Creek, each side demanding to hold court records until a seat was named. Leaders persuaded both factions to put down their weapons. Congress settled the matter by choosing Stillwater.
    As the Sac and Fox and Iowa reservations were opened to non-Indian settlement in 1891 and the Cherokee Outlet by the 1893 run, Payne County's borders were expanded by adding several townships of the Outlet and several miles of land south of the Cimarron River. These openings also created new counties that now border on Payne-Noble, Lincoln, Creek, and Pawnee. Logan, on the southwest border, was one of the seven original counties.


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Payne County Courthouse
606 South Husband St.
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074
Court Clerk
Phone: 405-372-4774
County Clerk
Phone (405)372-4774

Adjacent Counties

Noble County | Pawnee County | Creek County | Lincoln County | Logan County
Last Updated, Tuesday, 10-Jul-2018 11:04:46 MDT
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