Opothleyahola was a Creek Indian of unmixed blood. He was probably born before 1800 and had seen active service in war against the white people, possibly as early as the War of 1812. He was the recognized leader of that portion of the Creek tribe, which was bitterly opposed to the removal to the Indian Territory. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he refused to listen to or consider any alliance with the Confederate States. Rather than do that, he chose to lead his followers in exile to Kansas. He died in the Creek refugee camp near the Sac and Fox Agency, at Quenemo, Kansas, in 1871.
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Ann Maloney, Bartlesville, OK.
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