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Garfield County Court House
Looking West On Broadway

September 16, 1893

Originaly Named "O" County

Renamed in Honor of
President James A. Garfield
    Originally part of the Cherokee Outlet, Garfield County was opened to non-Indian settlers on September 16, 1893. Many early settlers were of German and Czech descent. Prior to the opening large cattle companies had leased large sections of the outlet from the Cherokee and cattle drives from Texas to Kansas came through the area via the Chisholm Trail. Following the opening a number of farming communities such as Fairmont, Lahoma, and Waukomis developed. Construction of railroad lines gave impetus to other towns, including Breckinridge, Carrier, and Covington.Congress designated Garfield County as O County and Enid as the county seat and government land office site prior to the opening. Initially, county business was conducted in rented space in a two-story brick structure. In 1907 the A. O. Campbell Construction Company of Oklahoma City completed an ornate, four-story courthouse. The building was located in the center of Broadway, surrounded by sidewalks, and fully landscaped. Its south side was located where the front of the Enid Post Office is now. (Enid's post office used to be on where the public library is located now, and Enid's public library was a Carnegie building located at 402 North Independence.) On January 29, 1931, a fire broke out in the jail, then located on the roof, which quickly spread to the rest of the building. All prisoners were safely evacuated, and county records were rescued. From 1931 to 1936, the County operated out of an agricultural building, and later the Broadway Tower. The present courthouse, an Art Deco design, was constructed beginning on August 15, 1934 and was completed in 1936. As part of the Works Progress Administration Federal Art Project, artist Ruth Augur painted historical murals on the courthouse walls. The jail was refurbished in the 1960's. The Garfield County courthouse is listed in the National Register of Historic Places, NR 84003018.

Grand Looking North From Main

People and Families

Family stories and lines.

In The News

"All I know is just what I read in the papers, and that's an alibi for my ignorance." -- Will Rogers

Schools and Teachers

Towns and Places

Cemeteries of Garfield County

Garfield County Obituaries

Research Links For Garfield County

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Garfield County Genealogical Society

  • Some online resoures and research help.

State of Oklahoma Genealogy Records Guide

  • Search for death certificates and how to order them from The Vital Records Office

Oklahoma Birth Certificates

  • Search for Oklahoma Birth Cetificates and how to order fro the Vital Records Office.

Oklahoma State Archives

  • The Oklahoma State Archives provides an excellent library of genealogy records

Family History Center in Enid

  • 419 N Eisenhower
    Enid, Garfield, Oklahoma, United States
    Phone: 580-234-3313
    Hours: T,Th-F 12pm-4pm; W 12pm-8pm
    Closed: Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's.
    Note: This is not a mailing address. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Email Lists and Query Boards

Line Mailing Lists On RootsWeb Line
Garfield County
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Garfield County Query Board at Rootsweb

Surnames on Our Family Tree

William C. Allen and other entrepreneurs from around the state established the Geronimo Motor Company and incorporated it in mid-1917. By June of that year the firm had taken orders for fifty cars, and by September a thirty-thousand-square-foot factory had been constructed. It made tractors, a roadster, and a five-passenger, full-size automobile. After building one thousand cars that were distributed by agencies in Kansas, Nebraska, West Texas, and Oklahoma, Geronimo ended production in 1920, when the factory burned.

Adjacent Counties

Click Map
| Grant County | Kay County | Noble County | Logan County
Kingfisher County | Major County | Alfalfa County

Oklahoma Trails has several counties and projects up for adoption. If you would be interested in adopting a county or project look at the Oklahoma Trails. If you find one that you would like to adopt e-mail the State Administrator or Assistant State Administrator.

[ Being a County Coordinator is fun and rewarding. If you have an interest in the history of Oklahoma and the genealogy of it's residents please consider it. If you think "there is no way I can do this" there are many people ready, willing and able to help you. It's not near as difficult as you might think. ]

Help Wanted
If you have any material such as old directories, genealogies, etc. and would like to volunteer to do lookeups for people please email me. Give me your name, e-mail address, and what materials you have.

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