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Name of Disease Description
Ablepsy  Blindness
Ague  Malarial Fever
American plague  Yellow fever
Anasarca  Generalized massive edema
Aphonia  Laryngitis
Aphtha  The infant disease "thrush"
Apoplexy  Paralysis due to stroke
Asphycsia/Asphicsia  Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
Atrophy  Wasting away or diminishing in size.
Bad Blood  Syphilis
Bilious fever  Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis
Biliousness  Jaundice associated with liver disease
Black plague or death  Bubonic plague
Black fever  Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate
Black pox  Black Small pox
Black vomit  Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
Blackwater fever  Dark urine associated with high temperature
Bladder in throat  Diphtheria (Seen on death certificates)
Blood poisoning  Bacterial infection; septicemia
Bloody flux  Bloody stools
Bloody sweat  Sweating sickness
Bone shave  Sciatica
Brain fever  Meningitis
Breakbone  Dengue fever
Bright's disease  Chronic inflammatory disease of kidneys
Bronze John  Yellow fever
Bule  Boil, tumor or swelling
Cachexy  Malnutrition
Cacogastric  Upset stomach
Cacospysy  Irregular pulse
Caduceus  Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy
Camp fever  Typhus; aka Camp diarrhea
Canine madness  Rabies, hydrophobia
Canker  Ulceration of mouth or lips or herpes simplex
Catalepsy  Seizures / trances
Catarrhal  Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
Cerebritis  Inflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning
Chilblain  Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold
Child bed fever  Infection following birth of a child
Chin cough  Whooping cough
Chlorosis  Iron deficiency anemia
Cholera  Acute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Cholera morbus  Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. Could be appendicitis
Cholecystitus  Inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholelithiasis  Gall stones
Chorea  Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing
Cold plague  Ague which is characterized by chills
Colic  An abdominal pain and cramping
Congestive chills  Malaria
Consumption  Tuberculosis
Congestion  Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
Congestive chills  Malaria with diarrhea
Congestive fever  Malaria
Corruption  Infection
Coryza  A cold
Costiveness  Constipation
Cramp colic  Appendicitis
Crop sickness  Overextended stomach
Croup  Laryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throat
Cyanosis  Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
Cynanche  Diseases of throat
Cystitis  Inflammation of the bladder
Day fever  Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness
Debility  Lack of movement or staying in bed
Decrepitude  Feebleness due to old age
Delirium tremens  Hallucinations due to alcoholism
Dengue  Infectious fever endemic to East Africa
Dentition  Cutting of teeth
Deplumation  Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss
Diary fever  A fever that lasts one day
Diptheria  Contagious disease of the throat
Distemper  Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia
Dock fever  Yellow fever
Dropsy  Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease
Dropsy of the Brain  Encephalitis
Dry Bellyache  Lead poisoning
Dyscrasy  An abnormal body condition
Dysentery  Inflammation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
Dysorexy  Reduced appetite
Dyspepsia  Indigestion and heartburn. Heart attack symptoms
Dysury  Difficulty in urination
Eclampsy  Symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor
Ecstasy  A form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason
Edema  Nephrosis; swelling of tissues
Edema of lungs  Congestive heart failure, a form of dropsy
Eel thing  Erysipelas
Elephantiasis  A form of leprosy
Encephalitis  Swelling of brain; aka sleeping sickness
Enteric fever  Typhoid fever
Enterocolitis  Inflammation of the intestines
Enteritis  Inflations of the bowels
Epitaxis  Nose bleed
Erysipelas  Contagious skin disease, due to Streptococci with vesicular and bulbous lesions
Extravasted blood  Rupture of a blood vessel
Falling sickness  Epilepsy
Fatty Liver  Cirrhosis of liver
Fits  Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity
Flux  An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea
Flux of humour  Circulation
French pox  Syphilis
Gathering  A collection of pus
Glandular fever  Mononucleosis
Great pox  Syphilis
Green fever / sickness  Anemia
Grippe/grip  Influenza like symptoms
Grocer's itch  Skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour
Heart sickness  Condition caused by loss of salt from body
Heat stroke  Body temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature. Coma and death result if not reversed
Hectical complaint  Recurrent fever
Hematemesis  Vomiting blood
Hematuria  Bloody urine
Hemiplegy  Paralysis of one side of body
Hip gout  Osteomylitis
Horrors  Delirium tremens
Hydrocephalus  Enlarged head, water on the brain
Hydropericardium  Heart dropsy
Hydrophobia  Rabies
Hydrothroax  Dropsy in chest
Hypertrophic  Enlargement of organ, like the heart
Impetigo  Contagious skin disease characterized by pustules
Inanition  Physical condition resulting from lack of food
Infantile paralysis  Polio
Intestinal colic  Abdominal pain due to improper diet
Jail fever  Typhus
Jaundice  Condition caused by blockage of intestines
King's evil  Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands
Kruchhusten  Whooping cough
Lagrippe  Influenza
Lockjaw  Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days
Long sickness  Tuberculosis
Lues disease  Syphilis
Lues venera  Venereal disease
Lumbago  Back pain
Lung fever  Pneumonia
Lung sickness  Tuberculosis
Lying in  Time of delivery of infant
Malignant sore throat  Diphtheria
Mania  Insanity
Marasmus  Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition
Membranous Croup  Diphtheria
Meningitis  Inflations of brain or spinal cord
Metritis  Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge
Miasma  Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air
Milk fever  Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis
Milk leg  Post partum thrombophlebitis
Milk sickness  Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds
Mormal  Gangrene
Morphew  Scurvy blisters on the body
Mortification  Gangrene of necrotic tissue
Myelitis  Inflammation of the spine
Myocarditis  Inflammation of heart muscles
Necrosis  Mortification of bones or tissue
Nephrosis  Kidney degeneration
Nephritis  Inflammation of kidneys
Nervous prostration  Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities
Neuralgia  Described as discomfort, such as "Headache" was neuralgia in head.
Nostalgia  Homesickness
Palsy  Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles. It was listed as "Cause of death".
Paroxysm  Convulsion
Pemphigus  Skin disease of watery blisters
Pericarditis  Inflammation of heart
Peripneumonia  Inflammation of lungs
Peritonotis  Inflammation of abdominal area
Petechial Fever  Fever characterized by skin spotting
Puerperal exhaustion  Death due to child birth
Phthiriasis  Lice infestation
Phthisis  Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis
Plague  An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate.
Pleurisy  Any pain in the chest area with each breath
Podagra  Gout
Poliomyelitis  Polio Potter's asthma 
Fibroid pthisis  
Pott's disease  Tuberculosis of spine
Puerperal exhaustion  Death due to childbirth
Puerperal fever  Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant
Puking fever  see Milk sickness
Putrid fever  Diphtheria.
Quinsy  Tonsillitis.
Remitting fever  Malaria
Rheumatism  Any disorder associated with pain in joints
Rickets  Disease of skeletal system
Rose cold  Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy
Rotanny fever  (Child's disease) ???
Rubeola  German measles
Sanguineous crust  Scab
Scarlatina  Scarlet fever
Scarlet fever  A disease characterized by red rash
Scarlet rash  Roseola
>> > Sciatica  Rheumatism in the hips
Scirrhus  Cancerous tumors
Scotomy  Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight
Scrivener's palsy  Writer's cramp
Screws  Rheumatism
Scrofula  Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Progresses slowly with abscesses and pistulas develop. Young person's disease
Scrumpox  Skin disease, impetigo
Scurvy  Lack of vitamin C. Symptoms: weakness, spongy gums, and hemorrhages under skin
Septicemia  Blood poisoning
Shakes  Delirium tremens
Shaking  Chills, ague
Shingles  Viral disease with skin blisters
Ship fever  Typhus
Siriasis  Inflammation of the brain due to sun exposure
Sloes  Milk sickness
Small pox  Contagious disease with fever and blisters
Softening of brain  Result of stroke or hemorrhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area.
Sore throat distemper  Diphtheria or quinsy
Spanish influenza  Epidemic influenza
Spasms  Sudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion.
Spina bifida  Deformity of spine
Spotted fever  Either typhus or meningitis
Sprue  Tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat.
St. Anthony's fire  Also erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas are bright red in appearance.
St. Vitas dance  Ceaseless occurrence of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntary.
Stomatitis  Inflammation of the mouth
Stranger's fever  Yellow fever
Strangery  Rupture
Sudor anglicus  Sweating sickness
Summer complaint  Diarrhea, usually in infants caused by spoiled milk
Sunstroke  Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat. Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause
Swamp sickness  Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis
Sweating sickness  Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century.
Tetanus  Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache, and dizziness.
Thrombosis  Blood clot inside blood vessel
Thrush  Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat.
Tick fever  Rocky mountain spotted fever
Toxemia of pregnancy  Eclampsia
Trench mouth  Painful ulcers found along gum line, caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene
Tussis convulsiva  Whooping cough
Typhus  Infectious fever characterized high fever, headache, and dizziness.
Variola  Smallpox
Venesection  Bleeding
Viper's dance  St. Vitus Dance
Water on brain  Enlarged head
White swelling  Tuberculosis of the bone
Winter fever  Pneumonia
Womb fever  Infection of the uterus
Worm fit  Convulsions associated with teething, worms, elevated temperature or diarrhea
Yellowjacket  Yellow fever

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