Tractors in South Canterbury, N.Z. still travel down the main street in rural towns.

Go to site for identifying tractors: Tractordata, can be sorted by year.

Farm tractors have history and the best chance at finding your tractor's history is to talk to the person you purchased it from. They were often sold to a neighbour and stayed in the district. Ask for the owner's manual, the farmer still might have it, and old photos of the tractor at work, you can always take a photo of a photo. Tractors were costly after the Second World War so farmers held onto them for quite a while and farmers stayed loyal to tractor manufacturers. Farmers looked after their tractor, maintained then, and usually protected from the elements by being under cover in the tractor shed. Often the son would follow his father and stay with the same manufacturer and dealership and also stay with the same stock and station firm e.g. PGG.  

In South Canterbury, NZ you see tractors at the local :

''We can't run it without the farmers or volunteers.'' 

Ploughing is one of the oldest sports in NZ.

1923 ploughing match at Washydyke included a gorse cutting competition and tractor trails with an Austin tractor and a Case tractor.  An excellent dinner was served in the aerodrome by Mr Bryant and staff (Geraldine), and afternoon tea was obtainable in the same place. Champion Ploughman.— A. Brown (Waihao Downs). [Geraldine County fitted a gorse cutter to a tractor in 1930. ]

The week long 63rd NZ National Ploughing Championships in April 2018 was hosted by the Thornbury Vintage Tractor and Implement Club, Southland, took four years of planning and a landowner willing to hold the event, fundraising, volunteers and judges. The landowner had to change his crop rotation three years before the event and tie up a couple of paddocks and do some fencing, it was a big commitment. There was four ploughing sections - silver plough, vintage plough, reversible plough and horse plough.

There are vintage machinery rallies all over the South Island - Chank Up weekends and Street Parades and Power Rallys.
The Wheat & Wheels Rally Friday1st - 3rd April 2022 will feature 175 years of Massey at Barrhill, Mid Canterbury to be held at Anthony Hampton's property at Lauriston.
Wheels at Wanaka 2021 with tractor parades and working displays is a biennial vintage vehicle show rotating every other Easter Weekend with Warbirds over Wanaka.
The Mid Canterbury Vintage Machinery Club in Ashburton has an annual tractor trek in December followed by a pot luck salad and BBQ at a shed.

Way down south

If you ever get down south try and visit the Bill Richardson Transport World in Invercargill. A fantastic museum, immaculate and massive, and don't miss the bathrooms, men's & women's, e.g.toilets58 gal., Shell Men's bathroom, Grille bathroom, Lego bathroom, one way mirror, pastels 1960s...
and the Museum of the West Otago Vintage Club Inc. 53 Northumberland Street, Tapanui, Otago.
or the Thornbury Vintage Tractor Museum

 
An early John Deere on the Fairlie Green during the mix and mingle after the annual New Year's Day Parade 2020. On top of the older John Deere I see the fuel tank cap, muffler with a spark arrestor, the air cleaner, water supply cap and the radiator. On the side is the belt pulley. Photo taken by PS. Note the haze from the Australian bush fires 1st Jan. 2020. Peter Foote driving the IH 706. He knew that tractor from "Ribbonwood." where he came out and worked on it in the 1970s. Peter was a mobile mechanic going around the farms when needed to work on tractors, cars etc. He could get anything running.

Ross Kinsman did not share his parent's passion for horses and his children did not share his passion for tractors.

 
Rangitata, April 2018. Allis Chalmers model WC 1937, nimble, low cost, well powered row crop tractor with a wide belt pulley. W the model number. C for cultivating. The most successful tractor Allis Chalmers produced. Disadvantage- it had hand brakes, other tractors had foot brakes. The “WC” started production in 1933 with a petrol engine, metal wheels, later changing to rubber tyres, also had a rounded radiator and ended production in 1948. The serial number is stamped on the back of the differential. The next model WD the brakes were operated by two pedals instead of hand levers. In later years had hydraulics could lift up and push down. A three wheeled tractor was called a tricycle tractor or a row crop tractor and had a high clearance and wheel tread was adjustable, not safe for hill country.  

The general feeling was that old tractors look better with their original paint and showing some age.

Geraldine Xmas Parade 2017 (8 tractors in 2018) 

 
.  Allis-Chalmers came into the tractor business in 1914.


International B275. Built in Bradford, England around 1960. Roll bars are seldom retrofitted onto older tractors. All agricultural tractors purchased new after 1 Sept. 1970 in NZ had to be fitted with a roll over protective structure, e.g. two-post safety frames, four-post frames, and full cabs. There were exceptions e.g. crawler tractors, tractors under 700kg or more than 4000 kg. In the US ROPS were standard on agricultural tractors from 1976, in France since 1976, 1977 in Italy, and 1980 in Spain. The idea for roll bars came from racing vehicles. The were introduced in Sweden in the 1950s.

 
John Deere 8500i is a Self-Propelled Forage Harvester {639}. Geraldine Christmas Parade 2017. "Even the huge farm machinery gets tinselled up to join the parade.”

Stuff September 25 2017
Andrews & Bevan employed 13 mechanics and was located at the south end of Stafford St, backing onto North St. When a vehicle broke down the mechanics would fix it in the field. They worked on tractors, bulldozers, scrapers and harvesters as well as the engines of fishing boats. "In those days (1950s) we did all the work on the farms. We knew everyone in the district. We would get invited to lunch and meet their children," Allan Averis said Sept. 2017. Averis was an apprentice mechanic at Andrews & Bevan from 1954 to 1959, serving under Gordon Hutcheon and alongside fellow mechanic Bernie Foster.
    Averis remembers going with another mechanic to Benmore, to strip an engine, replace pistons, cylinder sleeves and a valve grind. It was usual for the two mechanics to finish such an extensive job within a day on site. "We found one of the new sleeves was broken so we rang up the boss, Alfie Mason, and he flew down in an old Auster aeroplane. Hutcheon started his mechanic apprenticeship in 1944 and became an unexpected foreman at Andrews & Bevan in 1955. Agricultural vehicles were "big business" then, Hutcheon said. The Allis-Chalmers always had a good name. Some put on the market in 1954 didn't need an engine overhaul until 1964 and they did a lot of work," Hutcheon said.

Many would love to read the stories behind the tractors. 

Photos taken at the Rangitata Aerodrome April 2018.

 
McCormack-Derring (part of International harvester) W6 Standard 1940 -1953. Rangitata, April 2018 similar to the Farmall M.

 
Fordson. Rangitata, April 2018

  
International Harvester B250 utility tractor. Rangitata, April 2018. Manufactured in Bradford, England 1956 - 1961.

 
Fiat 550.  Probably manufactured in the 1970s. Rangitata, April 2018

 
John Deere 6530 Premium manufactured between 2006-2008. 6.8L Diesel. Serial No. location: Front-right side of main tractor frame, above front axle. Rangitata, April 2018 

 
Fordson DEXTA. Manufactured in England from 1957 to 1961. Rangitata, April 2018. One on Clayton.


Rangitata, April 2018. Allis Chalmers, looks like mid 50s. What model and year?


Rangitata, April 2018. British Fordson New-Major c1957-58. The back light is there. The headlights are missing and the exhaust stack. Tractors have lights front and back for finishing off a day's work like completing a worked paddock, and driving home at dusk, night ploughing, etc.


Massey Ferguson 135, Rangitata, April 2018. 1964 -1975 utility tractor.

Massey Ferguson Ltd, an American manufacturer, formed by the 1953 merger of farm machinery manufacturers Massey Harris of Canada and the Ferguson Company in Northern Ireland. It was based in Brantford, Ontario, until 1988. The company transferred its headquarters to Buffalo, New York, in 1997, before it was acquired by AGCO, the new owner of its former competitor Allis-Chalmers (1909 - 1985).

 
International B 250. Rangitata, April 2018


The 5150 is a Case IH manufactured in Germany between 1992-1997. It has a bale spear attached to the loader, the spear has been angled down to the ground to avoid injuring anyone. Rangitata, April 2018


Nuttfield Universal, Rangitata, April 2018


A little grey "Fergie," Rangitata, April 2018. Looks like a Ferguson.  Another Fergie in Geraldine.

Miscellaneous photos 


Photo taken at the Winchester Show Grounds during a traction engine rally April 2014.

 
Farmall M. Photo taken at the Winchester Show Grounds 2014 during a traction engine rally. The dancing tractors from the West Otago Vintage Machinery Club performed at the South Canterbury Traction Engine Club 50th Anniversary at Winchester, NZ, April 2014.
M drivers: Dan Meeklah, George Morrison, Joe Davis, Scotty Birse
H drivers: Charlie Davis, Roger Brock, Gordon Sim, Peter Byars.
 Hoedown 1964 country style. There was a tractor rally at the Winchester Showgrounds in 1989.


Two John Deere 3020 built between 1964 -1972. Photo taken at the Winchester Showgrounds April 2014.

A bumble bee is considerably faster than a John Deere.

 
John Deere 900R with an Australian Plover near front, South Canterbury, April 2018.

 
Note the rear mounted foldable two-post ROPS aka FROPS which came into use pre 2001 is not up! Allows the tractor to be operated in low clearance situations like an orchard and parked in a low shed. When mowing the upright bars can interfere with line of sight when looking back. April 2018, Geraldine golf course with a gang mower.


Ferguson Major at the Fairlie Show in 2014.
Allan Guard of Fairlie at the wheel of a "Fergie," Massey Ferguson tractor, at Scott Base Antarctica, 1968.


At the Fairlie Show in April 2014. McCormick Deering W6 Standard (1940-1953)
British Wallis 1922, Model K-28BHP - 15 Drawbar HP, made by Ruston & Hornsby, England. Note the steel wheels. [owner from Temuka]

New Years Day at Fairlie 1st Jan. 2021. Tractors outside at the Fairlie Heritage Museum, in the parade at 2p.m. and later on the village green.

David Brown 1947 Cropmaster - Tom Gallagher's. Photo taken 1st Jan. 2021. 

The McCormick Deering tractors were first manufactured in 1923. In the 1930s a lot of tractors were crawler tractors also in the early 1930 diesel tractors became available. By the  late thirties rubber tyres became available and tractors became more maneuverable. From 1948 tractors came out with the hydraulic three point hitch. In 1918 John Deere entered the tractor business. In 1927 John Deere produced its first harvester. In 1966 John Deere introducers the first commercial rollover protective bar. Belt pulley in use. Bagging chaff. Agricultural tractors built up to the early 1950s generally had a belt pulley for a flat belt.

 
International Farmall M at the Bill Richardson Transport World in Invercargill, photographed April 2016. A cement mixer in the background.


International tractor at the Bill Richardson Transport World Museum in Invercargill in April 2017. 

 Archways and items under AAQT South Canterbury

Loading a driller ready for a day in the field, Farmall M row crop tractor. October, 1947  And loading seed.
Night ploughing with a Massey Harris tractor in South Canterbury in 1947. Massey Harris 101 Senior built between 1942 and 1946.
Tractors were generally refuelled at the end of the day, ready for early start the following morning. Caterpillar Diesel 22. More CATs can be found in Geraldine.
Photos taken in October 1947. Photographer: Not identified. The men were probably WW2 returned serviceman.
 License plate on CAT an off yellow, note the symbol. The Government first started a national registration in 1911 and every year vehicles got a new number plate, and the colour and symbol between the numbers changed each year.
 

   

Power on the farm

The steam engine was the forerunner of the agricultural tractor. Power was transmitted by belts to threshers, chaff cutters, wood saws and other implements. Such machines were first stationary steam powered engines and pulled around by horses then self-propelled steam traction engines were introduced, equipped with steel wheels with cleats and a draw bar. The first traction engine arrived in New Zealand in 1864. For decades harvests depended on traction engines and their crew, about 11 labourers, contracted out, and travelled from farm to farm, district to district, towing the mill, gallery for cooking and a sleeping hut. Traction engines were also used to haul heavy loads like wool bales, timber, homes etc. and they were also used as power units to run a lumbar sawmill. The mid 1940s saw the end of the traction engine on farms as headers and tractors were being imported into New Zealand.

In 1910 that the first tractor trials were held at Byegrove, near Baldock, Herts—by the Royal Agricultural Society of England.

The early tractors had to be hand cranked as they were not fitted with batteries and self starters. The self starter was welcomed by everyone. Lighter and more maneuverable tractors were introduced from the 1920s. Rubber tyres came into use in the early 1930s and sped up farm work because of a higher rate of speed and enabled the tractor to pull more weight. This was one of the main reasons why there was 150% increase in output per man on farms. The 3-point linkage was introduced by Harry Ferguson in the late 1930s then it was coupled with the hydraulic lift system. Now days tractors have the front end loader [FEL] with a quick attach system, 'quick coupler' method, where you don't even have to get off the tractor seat. Diesel tractors which operated on cheaper fuel oil than petrol became standard. Road speeds are going up. Tractors are again getting heavier and with more hp. Crawler tractors with a flexible steel belt or track were popular for construction work like creating dams, soft ground, orchards as they did not pack the soil and steep hill country, but were not popular for farm work. They are all capable of a day's work.

dynamometer - an instrument which measures the power output of an engine.

The term horsepower was adopted by the Scottish engineer James Watt to compare the output of steam engines with the power of draft horses. Watt's field research showed that an average horse could pull 330 pounds a distance of 100 feet in 1 minute.
One mechanical horsepower lifts 550 pounds (250 kg) by 1 foot per 1 second.
One metric horsepower is needed to lift 75 kilograms by 1 metre in 1 second.
Don't buy engine horsepower thinking you are buying pto or drawbar horsepower. Drawbar horsepower (dbhp) is the power an agricultural tractor has to pull an implement.

Drawbar horsepower is the quest. A tractor can pull a plough, set of discs, set of harrows, or a drill, or harvester at the same rate as two men and eight horses and tractors don't died.

 In 1919 there was reported only 136 farm tractors in NZ. By 1931 there were 5,023 tractors, mostly on arable farms. By 1960, 78,415 tractors were in use on NZ farms. Tractor numbers reached a peak in 1971 with 96,666 in NZ and have declined since. Tractors in New Zealand was reported at 81,441 in 1986. “Imports of tractors can be an indicator of confidence in the agriculture industry.” In 2017 sales were 3164, compared with 2849 for the same period in 2016 and 2978 in 2015.

Otago Daily Times 28 September 1932 Page 6 Shortage of Horses
It is stated that at the present time there is a distinct shortage of good working Clydesdale horses. Following the introduction of power machinery on to farms several years ago, a number of breeders of the heavy horse turned their attention to other more profitable branches of farming, and the result of this is now being felt throughout the province. Another factor contributing to the shortage is the realisation by farmers that, at a time when the returns from the land are so greatly reduced, it is an economically sounder proposition to maintain a horse team, for which food can be grown on the farm, than to run a tractor requiring fuel which must be purchased from overseas. As a consequence, the demand for young draught horses is considerably greater than the supply. Some indication of the extent to which this is the case may be gained from the fact that one stock and station agency firm which has held a horse sale every spring for many years was this year forced to abandon the sale owing to the fact that practically no horses were offering. While the demand is mainly from the country, it is understood that there is a particularly keen inquiry for spring-cart horses on the part of city firms, and that the supply in this case also is short.

The light tractor
Henry Ford and colleagues had done again, for the tractor, what they had done for the automobile with the Ford Model T. The Fordson tractor went into mass production and debuted for sale on October 8, 1917. It was small, lightweight, mass-produced, and affordable. Ford of Britain continued to use the Fordson brand until 1964. Fordson production took place in the U.S. (1917–1928); Cork, Ireland (1919–1923 and 1928–1933); and at Dagenham, Essex, England (1933–1964).  Ref.

Timaru Herald, 10 December 1918
The first shipment of the Fordson tractor arrived in Timaru, and is now in the course of distribution. Guinness and LeCren, Ltd., who are the dealers for South Canterbury. The Fordson is a light tractor, specially designed to work ordinary farm implements. It has plenty of power, and will give a drawbar pull of 1800 lbs at ploughing speed, with reserve power on low gear up to 2500 pounds. (The ordinary pull of a four horse team ploughing is about 8001bs.) So the Fordson pulling a double furrow has plenty of reserve power, and will be found suitable for downs, as well as for the flat. The tractor measures 102 inches in length over all, 55 inches in height, and 62 inches in width, turns in 21 feet, weighs only 2700 lbs with water and fuel, develop 22 h.p., and runs on kerosene as smoothly as though if were petrol. It will plough 8 acres in a 10-hour day with a two-furrow plough using 2.5 gallons of kerosene per acre. The tank carries 21 gallons. Transmission is effected by a constant mesh gear with three speeds forward and one reverse, and the final drive is by the reliable worm and wheel. For stationary work a pulley can be fitted which will give 22 h.p. ample power for any machinery on a farm. The fuel is kerosene, and the tractor can be as easily started as a motor car. Neat and compact, the tractor is capable of every form of farm service. There is no chassis, and all working parts are enclosed and protected from dust. This test was given on old grass, with a good deal of twitch. It is to be noted that it was only an ordinary Reid and Gray d.f. [double furrow] plough that was used. For tractor work, it is necessary to have the levers reversed, so that the driver can operate the plough without leaving his seat, and the local plough makers can fix the necessary attachment to ordinary farm implements. The cost of the machine f.o.b. Wellington is 320 pounds. The local dealers are Guinness and LeCren, Ltd., Timaru, Geraldine, Temuka, and Waimate.

F.I.A.T.  - Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino, meaning loosely “Italian automobile factory of Turin.”

 Timaru Herald 4 December 1920 Page 5 A NEW FARM TRACTOR.
A trial of a field tractor, the Fiat, which is new to New Zealand, was held at Gleniti yesterday afternoon on Mr J. E. P. Cameron's farm. The Fiat is a very compact and neat tractor. It is made in the same factory in Italy as the famous car of the same name, and it built on the same trustworthy lines. Mr R. J. Greenham, travelling representative for the Fiat Company Ltd. It has a four-cylinder engine, and everything is enclosed so that it is absolutely dust and mud proof. The cooling system of the engine is by pump. The engine has three speeds forward and reverse, and draws : twenty tons on the road. It can be used, and is used, for many things besides ploughing, such as for threshing, chaff-cutting, wood-cutting, driving, shearing machines, road haulage, etc. Its front wheels are of small diameter, and have an iron L-shaped, which penetrates the soil, enabling the tractor to maintain a straight line when working. The rear wheels have strakes placed obliquely so as to increase adherence, and they give a good grip. When travelling on the road those strakes are removed. The engine is not heavy on fuel. It is started, with petrol, after which kerosene is used. When drawing a three-fur-row plough and turning a furrow 10in by 6in. It burns a gallon and a half an hour, and it ploughs an acre an hour. It will work twenty-four hours out of the twenty four if necessary, and by a self-steering device which can be attached to it the tractor can be kept going even with the man in charge out of his seat. The great thing about it which appeals to farmers is that it will work on hills and sidlings as well as on the flats, and will do everything that is required of an engine on the farm. Lamborn's Ltd., Timaru, are South Canterbury agents for the Fiat tractor and from them all information may be obtained. Mr Scott (Christchurch), is the representative for New Zealand. Mr Garabaldi, who has been mechanic for the tractor, leaves here today on his return to Italy, and Mr Greenham will leave to-day for South Africa. 

Timaru Herald 24 September 1910 Page 5
The three motor sledges which Captain Scott is taking with him to the South Pole the "New Zealand Times" recalls that motors were tried by Sir Ernest Shackleton during his late expedition, but while his experiences showed that the machines could work at the lowest temperature, the wheels would not support the sledges on the soft snows that are met with over a large part of the journey South. Captain Scott has therefore designed a special form of tractor, with very broad wheels and other improvements. Instead of the ordinary car wheel's there are fitted two chain wheels on the power-driven rear-axle, and these drive an endless chain, which carries patterns and studs that grip the snow or ice, and by the motion of the chain urge the tractor forward. This tractor will partly take the place of the dogs and ponies in hauling the loads. Captain Scott has not been content merely to devise these tractors; he has had them tried experimentally. Two years ago he made experiments with one in the Alps, and last year he put the invention to a severe test in Norway. These trials have been highly satisfactory. Petrol will supply the motor power, and each of the three sledges will have a capacity of two tons — one ton for fuel and one for food.

Otago Daily Times 9 December 1940 Page 10 PROGRESS
For long years men have tilled the soil and walked behind the plough;
But the grand old ways are changing, with few to mourn them now.
The patient, plodding horses, their passing who shall stay?
For the handy little tractor is the noble steed to-day.
Where the paddocks once were silent below the crouching hill.
Where only plodding horse-hoofs broke the hush of noon so still.
A noisy Diesel engine, with a friendly sort of sound
And a few strange smells of fumes and oil, now pulls the plough around.
Where once sea martins drifted down from out the open sky,
And followed in the furrows, now they spread their wings and fly
In startled, blank amazement. They're terrified, of course,
For they can’t make any sense of this, the noisy iron horse.
You may sit and keep the midges off by smoking, if you please;
Your “ mount ” provides a roomy seat, where you may take your ease.
The horses were most picturesque, but now our leaders say
Production must be speeded up; and progress you can’t stay.
The chains and leather harness hang unused upon their nails,
The collars are forgotten and left out on the rails.
But remember we've a war to win, so, in the modern way,
The busy little tractor is the farmers friend to-day.
Little Folk, GREY-EYED BLONDE (Hakataramea).

From the farm diaries.

"Ribbonwood" Sherwood Downs, Fairlie.
30 August 1954 sold old tractor to Stan Wreford Model M Farmall. Brought Super BMD.
1961 Brought new Tractor B450.
28 September 1965 sold B450. Brought new 706 tractor (from IH at Washdyke, Timaru.)
30 September 1965 New Tractor arrived IH 706
9 October 1965 Tried out the New Tractor in afternoon 4 hours. Very good. Lambing season so not much free time.
8 October 2018 Donated IH 706 tractor to Fairlie Heritage Museum
23  Feb. 2019 706 driven from Geraldine to Fairlie to museum by C. & G. following.

Bill Gander

W E GANDER & SONS LIMITED from Timaru incorporated on 15 Oct 1957. International Harvester dealership in Timaru was founded in 1963 by the late Bill Gander as WE Gander and Sons. Ganders were the IH dealer in Timaru, next to the Washdyke bridge. In 1970 Bill Gander opened up a branch in Gore after taking over Tractors and Implements Limited. In 1980 Gander took over Universal Farm Machines in Invercargill as another step to building Ganders of Southland. The original Timaru branch was eventually closed in the late 1980s leaving the branches at Gore and Invercargill. The site at Washdyke has been the Case IH dealer since then. We got the yearly WE Gander & Sons calendar for years, back in the day. They were agents for implement and plant manufactures as well IH and it would have been for parts etc. that we did business with them. William Ernest "Bill" GANDER 26th Aug. 1912 - 14th March 2003, died age 90. Buried Timaru Cemetery. Sons Murray & David. Photos below from the Canterbury Museum in CHCH.


Nov. 2012 GM


1967, South Canterbury, IH614. Dual back wheels.


Celebrate the history of farming and country life through the years and continue to protect your tractor and farming implements from the elements.

Morning tea break "Ribbonwood" 1950. Looking over Sherwood Downs, Rayne's trees to the right. Seagulls waiting to follow the four furrow plough behind a wide front end Farmall M c.1947 tractor, it was made in the USA and it is still on Sherwood Downs and has had four owners. Stan Wreford, a neighbour on Glenshield was next, in September 1954, then Cecil Smith, and Ian Somerville, Somerville's still has it in 2015. It didn't leave the district. It is a beautiful machine, has had a good life and has been well looked after. The year means it's too early for the BM (British-built) or AM (Australian-built). The Farmall Ms were often used in New Zealand as a general-purpose tractor pulling only trailed implements but were preferred in many cases because they exhibited a greater available stability in both transverse (due to long rear axles) and longitudinal directions (due to longer wheelbase). Same tractor below looking in the opposite direction with my mother behind the steering wheel.    


Farmall M. That is Mum on the tractor. The model will tell the story being an AM or just an M. Is the H an AH or just a H?  Maybe it was a Farmall H 32 horsepower, four cylinder, five speed transmission. A 1947 Farmall H. The Farmall Super BMD [British made diesel] was built by IH from 1954 to 1958 at the Doncaster, England plant and sold nearly 8000 in 7 years. 

IH 706: standard-tread
706 Serial number plate on the left side of the 706 clutch housing. Serial No: 25270S-Y
Make & Model: International Harvester 706 standard tread tractor. Manufacturer: Farmall (a part of International Harvester)
Year: 1965. Number Plate: 17-HIU. Hours: 6443.6 hrs in April 2018.
Fuel capacity: 33 gal [150 L] (diesel). Gross Laden Weight: 6000 lbs
The 706 was available with a new Torque Amplifier design that prevented free-wheeling when going downhill. The 706 was available with either the Fast Hitch or a standard 3-point hitch. The PTO featured both 540 and 1000 RPM shafts, both of which turned while in use. Diesel.
Manufacturer: McCormick International Farmall (a part of International Harvester). Total built: 46,146. Original price (USD): $6,100.

Many tractors have a good life and are well looked after but covered with decades of oil and grime.
Run the tractor through a car wash on the way home or obtain a hot water pressure washer- steam is the best way of removing oil and grime. 

Cleaning - with time and elbow grease a tractor can shine.
Farmers sometimes named their tractors. We called her the 706 and she has always been in a shed but still was covered with fifty years of dirt, bird manure and grease from everyday farm work. The easiest way to have her presentable would have been to paint her but the general feeling was that old tractors look better with their original paint and showing some age. To clean this tractor, we put degreaser in a pressure washer and ran it on low and sprayed the tractor all over and let it soak. Then came back with the pressure washer on high. Repeated this step two or three times to get the grease off. Some spots wouldn’t come off. Then used rubbing compound with a pad do the entire tractor, took a couple of days, and not fun then decided not to do any more to her as she was looking better and ready for show. Tyres were the next thing to clean up.

    
 Raking hay on "Ribbonwood" with the Brothers in the background. Final destination Fairlie Museum Feb. 2019. We never used the tractor with the weights [suitcase ballast] on the front. In that cubby hole at the front we always had a heavy chain. Last photo - on the village green Fairlie 1st Jan. 2021.

 Edievale April 2014 clearing a fence line of macrocarpa trees. The red tractor with the red top is a McCormick (no relation to the old IH McCormick-Deering brand). The green tractor is, a Claas, a German tractor, April 2014. Had a SAME 80 Explorer purchased 28th Jan 1998, brand new, 4000cc from Peter Thompson Machinery, Gore. Our last tractor, the other red tractor, SAME 115 E [Explorer], with the white cab, photos taken at Geraldine, N.Z. April 2016, has a 'Trima' quick coupler system. S.A.M.E., an acronym for Società Accomandita Motori Endotermici, was founded in 1942 in Treviglio (Bergamo), Italy. 

         

There will always be a segregation with large tractors for the ploughing and heavy cultivating and small tractors for the lighter operations like market gardening, orchards, life style blocks, cleaning out hen houses, etc. 

 
Temuka Pottery 2018 - Happiness is not a destination, it is a way of life.

A lot of people have enjoyed the antique tractor hobby for a long time but the number of tractor buyers are shrinking and it takes time, money and a mechanical ability to restore one. It is something you do because you enjoy it and have a mechanical ability and want to use for work a hobby farm. People on life style blocks want a small working tractor and not a fancy expensive restored one and they also want a tractor that is easy to start and with a couple of implements like a grader blade, a tray and a mower. Today there is also a lack of implements. The old restored tractors will be around for decades and will get better with each passing decade because they are kept in a shed but they have to be run to stop gaskets from drying out and leaking. Old tractors are often parted out which means one less tractor that can be restored. People tend to like the stuff they grew up with from the music they listened to, to the cars and tractors. An old model T is worth money as an antique but the interests of them by people that grew up with them is about gone because that generation is about gone. People use to be after the 1930s and 1940s tractors but now seem to be turning their interests up to the 1950s and 1960s. The smaller cub tractors from the 50s are of strong interests and the Farmall and John Deere are still sort after but a lot of people over 60 grew up with tractors as a kid with a 3-point hitch, power steering, improved hydraulics and a comfortable seat. The modern tractors of today with much computerisation will be too difficult for a hobbyist to restore in thirty years so the older tractors pre 1980s hopefully will be cared for and kept out of the weather and undercover. Old retired farmers still remain loyal to a brand whether it be an International, Ford, John Deere, etc.

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