The Macdonald Bros. of Orari - Waitui and Pakihi in South Canterbury, N.Z.

Orari 1956 WA-42387-F "Whites Aviation Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library". I would think most of those trees have gone now and it is wall to wall cows! Everywhere you look there is now cows.
- closely related to the Geraldine district ever since 1854

The Macdonald brothers took up a sheep run in 1854 between the Orari River and the Rangitata River and the coast and back to the Arundel Bridge, Proudfoot Corner and across to the Rangitata River and named it Matatiki and after 1857 the name was changed to Orari. 1956 photo. The Orari Estate homestead is in the trees on the left just beyond the Orari bridge on State Highway 1, see the tall trees. The township of Orari is shown south side of the bridge. Descendants still own the Orari Estate and are one of four stations in South Canterbury which has never changed hands except by inheritance. The others are Te Waimate, Mount Peel and Mount Cook. In 1958 the Orari Estate homestead block was farmed by Alister Macdonald, a grandson of W.K. Macdonald. A mile of railroad and Highway 1 road pass through the original run, heading towards the Rangitata. The row of poplars running parallel to the willow filled Orari river bed is on the old Orari Estate. 

Angus Macdonald (1822-1890)

Came to NZ from Australia and with his brothers Dr. A.R. Macdonald and William and had a share in the 60,000 acres Orari Station, license fee dated 7 Oct. 1854. The partnership was dissolved in 1864 and he retained the seaward part of the property but had already built a homestead in 1861 on the Geraldine Downs, named Waitui. He travelled by buggy to check on his property.  He married Catherine Macpherson d/o Capt. Macpherson. Angus Macdonald, fourth son of Randal Macdonald, Gallovie, Inverness-shire, born 12 April 1822, died 2nd March 1890, aged 68, buried in the Geraldine Cemetery. Also Catherine, his wife, died June 8th 1912, aged 70. Also their son Angus Guyon Macdonald died 18 Dec. 1958, in his 85th year.

Lyttelton Times, 21 April 1858, Page 5
NOTICE. THE Partnership hitherto subsisting between the undersigned as Stockholders at 'Orari,' in the district of Timaru, Canterbury, New Zealand, has this day been dissolved by mutual consent. All debts due to or by the late firm of Macdonald, Brothers,' will be received and paid by William K. Macdonald.
By his Attorney, Allan R. MacDonald
Witnesses: A. Robt. B. Thomson
Robert Wilson
Orari, Timaru, Feb. 1, 1858

Children of Catherine and Angus Macdonald:
1868 Beauchamp Ranald died July 24th 1940, aged 72 years. His wife May nee Mainwaring died Aug. 17th 1962, aged 88 years, both buried in Geraldine. They married in 1895. Lived at Waitui. Mayor of Geraldine in 1919.
1871 Margaret Mary Annie b. 19 Oct. married Dr. Hislop in Scotland. They settled in Geraldine.
1873 Amas Annie Helen [Ancas Annie Helen m. John Wordsworth in 1905]
1875 Angus Guyon d. 1 December 1958, aged 85, buried Geraldine

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Friday 24 April 1868 p 4
MACDONALD - On the 8th inst. at Waitui, Orari, Canterbury, New Zealand, Mrs. Angus Macdonald of a son.

Timaru Herald, 3 March 1890, Page 2 Death.
Macdonald. At Waitui, Geraldine, on the 2nd of March, Angus, fourth son of the late Ronald Macdonald, of Gallavie, Invernessshire; aged 68.

Press, 19 March 1890, Page 2 DEATH OF MR ANGUS MACDONALD.
The deepest regret was expressed in the Geraldine township on Sunday when it became known that Mr Angus Macdonald, of Waitui, had passed away early that morning. He had been ailing for some time past, and but little hope was entertained of his recovery. Mr Macdonald was born at Cluny in Strathspey, Invernessshire, Scotland, in 1822, and was thus at the time of his death 68 years of age. He came out to Australia when 18 years of age with his brother, the late Mr W. K. Macdonald, and commenced sheep farming. After 15 years in Australia they came over to New Zealand in 1855 and took up a run on the Waimakariri. They afterwards removed to the Orari, where they took up under pastoral lease the land between the Orari and Rangitata, from the sea to a line somewhere north of Geraldine. Mr Macdonald had resided at Waitui, his picturesque and comfortable homestead on the hill just behind Geraldine, for over 20 years. His chief characteristic was benevolence, and many a family in Geraldine has cause to remember with gratitude the kind benefactor who has just passed away. In the immediate vicinity of the Geraldine district, where he was more intimately known, he was beloved by all. His donations to charitable institutions and the Church to which he belonged were frequent and large. When in 1837 he paid a visit to the Old Country he was, before leaving, entertained at a dinner by the leading men of the district and presented with an address. On his return he received such a welcome from the towns people, and such a public demonstration of pleasure at his retain was made as most have gladdened exceedingly his heart. About twelve months ago he was thrown out of his trap breaking his arm. This was scarcely better when he fell one day in his garden breaking his leg. The two accidents seem to have shaken him severely. His genial and hearty salute has been greatly missed in the township during the time he has been ailing, and few deaths in Geraldine have occasioned more general regret. He leaves a wife and grown up family of four who have the deepest sympathy of the public in their bereavement.  

Press, 11 June 1912, Page 8
Mrs Angus Macdonald, of Waitui, Geraldine died on Saturday night from pneumonia. Deceased was an old resident of South Canterbury, and had a largo circle of friends and relatives in the province. The late Mrs Macdonald was born at Kingussie, Scotland, in 1832, and was a daughter of the late Captain Macpherson, of the 59th Regiment, a veteran of the Peninsular war, who was closely related to Clunie Macpherson, the head of the clan. The family came to Victoria in 1837, and the deceased married the late Mr Angus Macdonald in Australia, and came with him to New Zealand in 1860. They settled in South Canterbury, and Mr Macdonald, having acquired a large tract of land in Geraldine county, built his homestead at Waitui. near the township, and the family hare been closely identified with the district ever since. Mr Macdonald died in 1890. Mrs Macdonald was extremely popular in the district, and was a. noted horsewoman and a keen follower of the hounds. She was an extremely active and sprightly old lady, but her health began to fail about two years ago and she was frequently laid up with bronchitis. Mrs Macdonald was a sister of the late Mrs V. K. Macdonald, of Orari, and leaves four of a family—Mr B. R. Macdonald, Mrs Hislop, Mrs Wordsworth, and Mr A. G. Macdonald, who all reside in Geraldine.  

Photos taken by Dr. A.C. Barker. His son Francis Henry Barker married Marian Cox d/o Alfred Cox of Raukapuka, Geraldine in 1859. Photos from the Macdonald Dictionary Collection online.

Mr Angus Macdonald and his wife Catherine, taken by Dr. A.C. Barker in ChCH.. Standing is Lizzie Barker.

The Barker's came over on the Charlotte Jane and landed at Lyttelton on 16 December 1850, and their first New Zealand-born child, Sarah Elizabeth (Lizzie), was born three months later in their Christchurch tent home.  

Timaru Herald October 1892
MACDONALD. On the 29th inst, at Waitui, Geraldine, James, eldest son of the late Ronald MacDonald, of Gallavie, Inverness-shire, Scotland, aged 78. Funeral leaves Waitui on Monday the 31st at 3pm. 

Mr B. R. Macdonald (1868 -1940) Beauchamp Ranald "Beechey" Macdonald

Press, 25 July 1940, Page 8
The death of Mr B. R. Macdonald, a former Mayor of Geraldine, occurred at his home. “Waitui,” Geraldine, this morning. Mr Macdonald was closely associated with the life of the community for many years as a sportsman and local body member. He was 72 years of age. Mr Macdonald was a son of the late Mr Angus Macdonald. He was educated at Christchurch Boys’ High School and Christ’s College. Mr Macdonald was a foundation member of the Geraldine Cricket Club, and was instrumental in starting the South Canterbury Cricket Association. In 1903 he captained the South Canterbury side in its match with Lord Hawke’s team. He was for many years a member of the South Canterbury Cricket Association and the South Canterbury Umpires’ Association. The annual Christ’s College versus English Public Schools’ match was organised by Mr Macdonald, who was also responsible for the Easter match between a Geraldine district team and one captained by Mr E. C. Lultrell, of Christchurch. Mr Macdonald was president of the Geraldine Cricket Club for the last 12 years, and last year was elected a life member. He was a member of the South Canterbury Hunt Club for many years and was instrumental in forming the Geraldine Racing Club and acted as its first secretary. He was president of the club for 21 years and acted on the committee for many years after that. At the time of his death. Mr Macdonald was an honorary life member, steward, and patron of the club, and was chairman of the racing club trustees. Other early interests of Mr Macdonald included the Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry, the Geraldine Defence Rifles in which he was a lieutenant and the Oddfellows’ and Masonic Lodges. For 11 years he was a member of the Geraldine County Council and represented the council on the Timaru High School Board. In 1918, he defeated Mr J. Kennedy in an election for the Mayoralty of Geraldine, and was in office from 1918 to 1921, and also from 1931 to 1938. He was also a member of the South Canterbury Hospital Board for a number of years and for a period acted as chairman of the Geraldine District Nurse Committee. He was also a member of the South Canterbury Power Board for six years. Mr Macdonald was married in 1895 to Miss May Mainwaring, of Ashburton. He leaves a widow, two daughters (Mrs J. Wyn Davison. Geraldine and Mrs K. D. Matson, Ohoka, North Canterbury), and five grandchildren.

He loved cricket, Played for South Canterbury (Miscellaneous: 1893/94-1902/03) and Ashburton County and South Canterbury (Miscellaneous: 1896/97)

Macdonald St., Geraldine, April 2014.
Many of streets in Geraldine notables such as past mayors and councillors e.g. Macdonald St., Geraldine, April 2014.

From the Brand Book for Canterbury. Macdonald, W.K., Orari- Registered 17th May, 1855

W.K. Macdonald (1820-1879)

Born in Inverness-shire, SCT and went to NSW in 1842 with Allan and came to Canterbury with Angus in 1852. He was a member of the Canterbury A&P Association, a founder of the Christchurch club and represented Geraldine in the Canterbury provincial Council (1871-72). William was the first president of the Timaru A&P Show and a member of the Gladstone Board of Works.  He was married, in 1859, to Miss Annie Macpherson, eldest daughter of the late Captain Macpherson of the 59th Regiment, an old Peninsular officer, who afterwards resided in the Geraldine district. William Kenneth Macdonald died of typhoid fever on Wednesday morning died May 6 1879, at Orari, aged 58 years. He was a member of the Harbour Board, and a Justice of the Peace. He settled at Orari in 1854.

Annie and William Kenneth Macdonald children:
1860 Ranald Macintosh  b. 1st July at Orari. DOD Oct. 1928. Formerly a partner in the firm of Booth, Macdonald and Co. which he retired from in 1889.  He was managing director of the Christchurch Tramway Co. from its inception, and later became a director of the Christchurch Press. In wartime he worked in England as a member of the New Zealand Red Cross and War Contingent Association. Buried Upper Riccarton. Married Gertrude Gould 27 Jan. 1885.
1862 Evan Macpherson died 21 Aug. 1945, in his 84th year. Funeral at St. Paul's Knightbridge.
1863 William Kenneth died 5 Dec. 1927, Orari
1873 Guyon Alister Mcintosh died Oct. 19th 1932, aged 59, buried Geraldine.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Saturday 25 January 1862 p 4 Birth
MACDONALD- On the 23rd ult., at Orari, Canterbury, New Zealand, Mrs. W. K. Macdonald of a son.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Monday 27 January 1873 p 4 Birth
MACDONALD - On the 4th inst., at Orari, Canterbury, New Zealand, Mrs. William K. Macdonald of a son.

Reference: Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition. Vol. 3 pages 870-871. Published 1903
MACDONALD, William Kenneth, sometime of Orari, was one of the earliest settlers in South Canterbury. He was born in Inverness-shire, Scotland, and when a young man went to Australia, whither he was followed some years afterwards by his brothers, Dr. A.R. Macdonald and Mr Angus Macdonald both now dead. In 1852 Mr Macdonald came to New Zealand, to which his brothers followed him later on, and they took up a large block of land between the Orari and Rangitata rivers, where his family are still in possession of part of it, now known as the Orari estate. Mr Macdonald was at one time a member of the Canterbury Provincial Council (1871-72), and was one of the originators of the Christchurch Club, and of the Canterbury Agricultural and Pastoral Society. Mr Macdonald died in 1879.

Timaru Herald, 8 May 1879, Page 2
It is with most sincere regret we notice the death of Mr W. K. Macdonald, of Orari. That gentleman was one of the earliest settlers in South Canterbury, coming to the Orari in we think, the year 1854. As a settler and colonist Mr Macdonald took first rank; and as a gentleman, and one who took considerable interest in the affairs of the district within which he so long lived, he will, indeed, be sorely missed. The funeral will take place to-day, leaving Orari for the Geraldine Cemetery.

The first horse races in South Canterbury were held on the Macdonald run not far from the Orari Racecourse on 1st April 1859. William was a steward and he entered horses. In a race at Timaru on 7 March 1860 Lachlan Macpherson's pony and foal bet Henry Poingdestre homemade gig- a packing case on wheels - in which he drove a tandem an old white mare and a mule over a half mile scurry.

Press, 8 January 1897, Page 2
A pretty wedding took place at Geraldine en Thursday, December 17th, when Miss Constance Temple, third daughter of Capt. Temple, was married to Mr W. K. Macdonald. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. James Preston. The church was very prettily decorated by the friends of the bride and bridegroom, with white roses and other flowers. Over the altar steps was suspended a large floral bell under which the young couple stood during the ceremony, and a large horseshoe of white roses was hung over the gate. The bride, who entered on the arm of her father, was prettily dressed in a white walking costume trimmed with ivory satin and lace white hat trimmed with ostrich feathers, &c. She carried a shower bouquet of white roses. The bride was attended by her two sisters, dresses alike in grass-lawn, relieved with white satin ribbon, white hats and veils. The bridegroom was attended by his brother, Mr Evan Macdonald, as best man. Mrs Temple, mother of the bride, wore a handsome dress of black velvet, the revere on the bodice lined with white satin, floral bonnet of black and white Mrs Macdonald, mother of the bridegroom, wore a nice black silk trimmed with jet, black bonnet. Among the other guests present were the Messrs Temple, Mrs Angus Macdonald, Miss Macdonald, Mr and Mrs R. M. Macdonald, Dr. and Mrs Hislop, Mr and Mrs B. R. Macdonald, Mrs and the Misses Preston, Mrs and the Misses Fish, Messrs Guyon Macdonald, Crowe, Wegglin, Pym, Fish, &c. Captain and Mrs Temple had issued invitations for a large At Home at Castlewood, but the heavy rain, which began at an early hour in the afternoon, prevented many from attending.

Children of Constance Mary and William Kenneth Macdonald:
1898 Macdonald Annie Caroline Dorothy
1900 Macdonald Mary Temple
1907 Macdonald William Kenneth

Timaru Herald, 27 April 1901, Page 2
MACDONALD — On 26th April, 1901, at her residence, Orari, Gloucester Street West, Christchurch, Annie, widow of the late W. K. Macdonald; aged, 62.

Press, 27 April 1901, Page 7 MRS W. K. MACDONALD
[Annie, born 22nd August 1839, died 26th April 1901, aged 62, she has a lovely plain Latin Cross on her headstone at the Geraldine Cemetery]
The many friends of Mrs W. K. Macdonald will bear with regret of her death which took place yesterday. Mrs Macdonald, who was one of the early Canterbury settlers, was the widow of the late Mr W. K. Macdonald, who died at Orari in 1879, and was the eldest daughter of Captain Macpherson. The latter gentleman saw service in the Peninsular war, being wounded at Coruna. He came to Victoria and took up a station. There Mrs Macdonald was married in 1859, her husband coming with a few other Australian squatters to Canterbury to take up land in 1853. He first pitched his tent on the banks of the Waimakariri, and in 1855 moved further south, occupying the country between the rivers Rangitata and Orari. He was an intelligent and well-read man, and was regarded by those who had the opportunity of attaining his acquaintance as a faithful friend. His general aptitude fitted him most ably to represent his fellow colonists in either the Provincial Council or the General Assembly, and he was pressed to do so, but his work in connection with his station fully occupied his time. Up to the date of the death of her husband Mrs Macdonald lived at Orari station, where she exercised a widespread and greatly appreciated hospitality. After the death of her husband, Mrs Macdonald came to Christchurch for the purpose of educating her sons, two of whom are left to mourn her loss. Though Mrs Macdonald did not take part in public work, she took a great interest in the parish of St. Michael's. That church received many handsome gifts from Mrs Macdonald, and her loss will be felt in the parish in many ways. The funeral will leave her late residence on Monday at 9.30 a.m. for St. Michael's Church, the interment to take place at Geraldine. 

In St. Michael's, Oxford Terrace, Christchurch in the Pilgrims' Chapel, east wall is the beautiful stained glass window, in memoriam to Annie Macdonald. The window is signed and dated T.F. Curtis/ Ward & Hughes, London 1902 , right lower base.

Press, 30 April 1901, Page 5 FUNERAL OF THE LATE MRS MACDONALD.
The funeral of the late Mrs Macdonald took place yesterday. The body was first taken to the parish church of St. Michael's, where it was met at the gate by the church and clergy. Canon Harper, assisted by the Rev. C. A. Fraer, took the service. Hymn 428, 'They rest from their labours' was sung, in addition to the 39th Psalm, and as the procession left the church the "Nunc Dimilttis" was solemnly chanted. The service was numerously attended by the friends of the deceased and family. The body was then conveyed by the express to Orari, where it was met a large number of friends, who followed it to Geraldine, where it was interred, the prayers of being said by Canon Harper. Wreaths were sent by the following — Members of the family, churchwardens and vestry of St. Michael's and All Angels, Men's Guild of St. Michael's, Christchurch. Tramway employees, Mr and Miss Murray-Aynsley, Mr and Mrs J. Anderson, Mr and Mrs A. Anderson, Mrs Averill, Miss Ainger, Mrs Broham, Mr and Mrs Barnes, Mr and Mrs F. H. Barker, Mr and Mrs A. L. Barker, Mr and Mrs S. Barker. Mr and Mr Cox, Mr and Mrs P. Cox, Messrs W. and E. Cox, Mr A. Cox, Miss Cowlishaw, Sister Dora and N. Cotterill, Dr. and Mrs Crooke, Mrs E. Chapman, Mrs Denniston, Miss Dicken, Mrs Deans and Riccarton family, Mrs and Miss Fenwick, Dr. and Mrs Fox, Mrs Gray, Mrs Gould, Mr and Mrs G. Gould, Mr and Mrs and the Misses Hatfield, Mr and Mrs A. Hawdon, Mrs Helmore, Mr and Mrs G. Helmore, Miss Hewlings, Misses E. and E. Harper, Miss Haywood, Mrs Luxmoore, Messrs Murphy and Glubb, Mrs Moorehouse, Mr and Mrs Jos. Palmer, Dr. and Mrs Palmer, Mrs Prins, Mr and Mrs Raine, Mr and Mrs R. H. Rhodes, Mr and Mrs A. E. G. Rhodes, Mr and Mrs E. J. Ross, Major and Mrs Richards, Mrs and Miss Symes, Mrs Stevens, Mr and Mrs Strain, Mr and Mrs W. Studholme, Mr and Mrs Strachey, Mr and Miss Turnbull, Mr and Mrs J. Turnbull, Mrs Taylor, Captain and Mrs Temple. Mr G. Turrell, Mr and Mrs E. Turrell, Mr and Mrs Wilier, Mrs Wilding, Mr and Mrs F. H. Mr and Mrs Wardrop. Many more were added at Orari and Geraldine from Timaru, etc.

'Our farmers were very often the donors of stained glass.'

Photo taken 6 Sept. 2013 by Bernard.
The Resurrection. Annie Macdonald died 26/04/1901 late of the Orari Station. The window was installed in July 1903. 

Star 31 January 1905, Page 3
Mr and Mrs W. K. M'Donald left town, for Geraldine in their motor-car this morning.

Timaru Herald, 19 January 1911, Page 5
Among the passengers for New Zealand on the R.M.S. Athenic, due at Hobart today are the following for Timaru: Mr W. K. Macdonald, Mrs Macdonald, Misses D. A. and M.T. Macdonald, Master W. K. Macdonald.  

Timaru Herald, 26 March 1909, Page 3
Mr W. K. Macdonald and family left Geraldine on Tuesday for England.

Dr. Allan Ranald Macdonald (1817-1873)
MD degree from Edinburgh, where he studied from 1834-8.

Born in Scotland and migrated to NSW in 1842 and engaged in sheep farming with his two brothers, who moved to Canterbury, NZ, where he joined them from Melbourne in 1855, arrived in the Spray, and went back to Melbourne in 1858. His wife died in March 1857 at Matatiki. There is a lone grave at Orari Station Homestead, on the big S-bend north of Orari township. He was one of the first JP's in South Canterbury. The Canterbury Museum - Letters about moving to New Zealand and conditions in Canterbury 5 April 1855 and 6 December 1855. Regd in NSW 21 April 1840 (no.133) – MD Edinburgh 1 August 1838.  MD thesis On Ophthalmia, including its Origin, Progress and Decline in the Army During and Subsequent to the Egyptian Campaign. The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, 26 March 1842 – ARM gave evidence in murder case.

Their first daughter, Elizabeth Mary, named after her mother, was born in NSW. Birth of daughter registered in NSW V 1855 366 53/1855. The family sailed to Canterbury, NZ in 1855 in the Spray. Elizabeth Mary, the mother, died in March 1857 probably from septicemia postpartum. She gave birth to Angus Ranald Macdonald in January 1857 and apparently buried on the property Matatiki.  Birth registered in NZ with parents names Elizabeth Mary and Allan Ronald MacDonald.

Lyttelton Times, 17 January 1857, Page 6 Birth
At Matatiki, Canterbury Settlement, New Zealand, on the 9th January, 1857, the wife of Dr. A. R. Macdonald, of a son.

Christchurch Central library in Peterborough Street a search the Canterbury parish register index looking for a 1857 revealed the baptism record:
St Mary's Christchurch
Entry 383 MACDONALD Angus Ranald
Birth: 'not stated'
Bapt: 11 Jan 1857
Parents: Allan Ranald & Elizabeth Mary
Residence: 'Matatiki'
Occupation: Stockowner
 J. C. Andrew (signed) by me Henry Jacobs

BLACK SHEEP - a New Zealand Saga by John Macdonald, published by J. Macdonald c 2002 (Christchurch : Macprint Pub.)
Subject: Macdonald family (Ranald Macdonald, 1785-1825)The book is a fascinating read compiled almost entirely from private family records' i.e. letters and diaries.
166 p, [42] p. of plates ... At the beginning of chapter 3 [page 21] the author John Macdonald states that Angus Ranald Macdonald [mentioned above] was born on 9 January 1857 at Orari Station (then known as Matatiki) ...His mother Elizabeth (Bessie) Macdonald died as a result of the birth on 21 March 1857 aged 29.
p 63 Their marriage : The doctor married Elizabeth (Bessie) Mackenzie, sister of W.K.'s friend "Big Alick", in the High Anglican Church, Christchurch and St. Laurence, Sydney, on 30 November 1853.
p 68 WK and the doctor, Bessie with infant child Elizabeth (little Bessie) and nurse-maid Mary Mathieson sailed from Sydney on the brig "Spray", arriving at Lyttelton on 29 October [1855].
p 69 An account of the Dr's trip from Christchurch... cont
p 70 about Bessie and her parents, and that 'she was a religious young lady with leanings towards the Catholic Church'.
p 72 Masses were at Orari, and Bessie's death
As a JP, the doctor sat at the first court held at Orari in 1856. The doctor also represented the southern congregation of Presbyterians. The Reverend Charles Fraser visited Orari occasionally at his request. As well as Presbyterian and Anglican Church services, mass was held at Orari while Bessie Macdonald lived there. Bessie was at Orari a little over a year before she died tragically after giving birth to Angus Ranald. She received the last rites of the Catholic Church from a travelling priest. Tom Teschmaker stayed at Orari on 27 March 1857, six days after Bessie's death, and she had not been buried. Elizabeth Mary Macdonald was laid to rest in an anonymous grave surrounded by a simple post-and-rail enclosure on the bank of the Woolshed Creek. [Today there is a lone grave at Orari Station Homestead, on the big S-bend north of Orari township.] Given that Angus Ranald MACDONALD was born on 9 January and recorded as baptised at Matatiki on 11 Jan 1857, it would seem likely that he was christened by a travelling minister, or perhaps by a lay person. I searched the death index fiche but couldn't find a likely entry for Elizabeth Mary (or Bessie) Macdonald. Perhaps the Doctor didn't get around to registering her death.

Nov. 2012
From State Hwy 1, nr the Orari Bridge, Nov. 2012

'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19390531-46-2 '

Taken from the supplement to the Weekly News 31 May 1939 p46

Timaru Herald, 6 October 1866, Page 2 GERALDINE ROAD BOARD.
A meeting of the above Board was held at the Clarendon Hotel, Waihi Crossing, on the 1st instant. Present Dr Rayner, (Chairman) Messrs W. K. Macdonald, Gosling and Hayhurst. With respect to the Engineer's report upon the Rangitata ferry, he having stated that, m accordance with instructions, he hail consulted Mr W. K. Macdonald who inspected the ferry with him. Resolved "That as Mr Macdonald and the Engineer suggest the ferry near Mr Macdonald's woolshed as the best ferry over the Rangitata, the Clerk do write to the Secretary for Public Works in accordance with his suggestion and request to know the terms upon which the ferry is to be subsidised.

March 2016 photo

9th Dec. 2017

The home of G.A. McDonald. Photographer: J. Waddington, 1979.

9 Dec. 2017 photographed by A.F.

 In bloom. Dec. 9 2017. Lily Day at Orari Estate. It was a fundraiser for the Geraldine Historical Museum. Himalayan lilies were in full bloom.

(Cardicrinum gigantenum) lilies can reach up to 3.5 metres in height.

Marriage by special licence

Allan R. Macdonald married Elizabeth Mary MacKenzie in 1853 by special licence. The marriage was registered in NSW, district MF. V 1853 7 28 39C. District cited was MF. MF - an Early Church Record for Sydney, St Lawrences. She was in Sydney and he was in Christchurch. The marriage is also recorded in New Zealand found on the NZSG Marriage CD. New Zealand legislation relating to marriage was initially based on British law. The NZ Marriage Act of 1854 was the first such Act governing aspects of marriage in New Zealand. Registration of European births and deaths was first required by legislation from 1848 and marriage records date from 1854.  Historically in Scotland it was considered legal and binding for a couple to marry by making public promises, without a formal ceremony but this form has not been available since 1940.

Otago Witness 13 November 1869, Page 8 THE MARRIAGE LAWS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Now, as before, the great majority of the Scotch unions are soloranised by the "minister," after the session clerk has read the banns on three successive Sundays, or, for a small bribe, has read them over three times on a single Sunday. But the license for irregular marriages is still as great that a man and woman may be joined in wedlock if they mutually promise in writing to marry, and if they afterwards live together. Or two people maybe legally united merely by certifying, in the presence of witnesses, that they take each other for man and wife.

Lyttelton Times,  4 February 1854, Page 9
Pursuant to advertisement a public meeting was held at the Royal Hotel on Tuesday evening, to consider the means of establishing a Scotch Church in this settlement, at which there was a considerable attendance, many having come a distance of from four to eight miles to be present. The Chair was taken by W. K. Macdonald, Esq.

What is in a place name? In many cases, immigrants from Scotland who settled in Australia, New Zealand, Canada or wherever, would name their new properties after farms and estates from their former home.

    Dellachaple sometimes pronounced Dala-happle and spelled in a variety of ways, including Dellachapple and Dallachapple, is a farm near Cromdale, on the south side of the Spey, near Grantown. It was held during the days of the clan system by the chieftain of the Clann Chiaran Grants, who formerly held Auchnarrow, which is about a mile northeast of Castle Grant. If you drive northeast on the A95 Highway from the village of Cromdale toward Dalvey, Advie and Ballindalloch, the farm of Dellachaple is on the right, next to the Dellachaple Burn.
    Knockando is also a former Grant estate on the north side of the Spey, about 15-20 miles northeast of Grantown.
    Gellovie or Gallovie is in the old parish of Duthil, west of Grantown. It is a farm on a narrow road between Dulnain Bridge and Carrbridge, but south of the River Dulnain and the main road that passes by the old Duthil kirk. In fact, there are several old Grant farm estates on that road, i.e. Auchterblair, Mullochard, Easter and Wester Gallovie. All the farms and estates were held by the Clan Grant from early times -- some dating to the 15th century.
    Garmouth is a tiny village at the mouth of the Spey, on the Moray Firth, Scotland, the Port of Banff. In 1860 there was a shipbuilding industry at Garmouth. The brigantine Agnes Jessie was built at Garmouth, Scotland in 1860. Wrecked at Hawke's Bay in June 1882.
    Matatiki is a Maori noun for spring or source. The original name for the Orari Estate.

The ancient a war cry of the Clan Grant was Stand fast- stand fast, Craigellachie! Thy slogan through the world shall sound.

Timaru Herald, 25 April 1873, Page 3 Death
April 6 at Knockando, Alphington near Melbourne, Allan Ronald Macdonald, Esq., M.D., aged 55. (Knockando was a farm of 30 acres, now a suburb of Melbourne)

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 October 1855, Page 2
Arrived Oct. 19 - brig Spray, 148 tons, Richard Scott, from Sydney, with 21 horses and sundry merchandize. Passengers Mr. J. Watts, Mr. and Mrs. Valpy, Mr. and Mrs. Sidey, child, and servant, Mr. A. Sidey, Mr. and Mrs Jeffries, child, and servant, Dr. and Mrs. M'Donald, child, and servant, Mr. Macdonald. [The Spray sailed on the 7th Nov. for Otago with the Valpy and Jeffries families]

Lyttelton Times, 31 October 1855, Page 4
Arrived. Oct. 29, brig Spray, 148 tons, R. Scott, from Nelson and Sydney. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Valpy, Mr. and Mrs. Jeffries, child and servant Dr. and Mrs. McDonald, child and servant; Mr. and Mrs. C. Sidey, child and servant; Messrs. W. McDonald, A. Sidey, Birkett, and Welbey.
    Imports. In the Spray, A. J. Alport, agent, 3 horses, 5 drays, 1 pianoforte, 3 cases ploughs, 2 ploughs, 12 bowes yokes and chains, 1 tent, 3 casks arsenic, 2 cases books, furniture, raisins, crockery, ironmongery, pickles, plated goods, tea, sugar, saddlery, &c, A. R. McDonald.

Lyttelton Times, 6 October 1858, Page 5
The Dart left Sydney on the 23rd, and came direct, bringing a full cargo of sundries and the following passengers:— Messrs. Davis, W. K. McDonald, and Miss Briting. 

The Sydney Morning Herald Wednesday 28 July 1858 p 4
Arrivals July 27. Spray, brig, 180 tons, Captain Scott, from Nelson 10th instant. Passengers - Dr. and Miss Macdonald, Master Macdonald, Miss Mathinson, Mr Robinson. Buyers and Learmouth, agents.

Second marriage - place names with spelling variations

British Medical Journal, Volume 1860
Macdonald, Allan, M.D., Gallarie, Canterbury, New Zealand, to Mary A. F., youngest daughter of the late Alexander Grant, Esq., Dellachaple, Garmouth, N.B., on Jan. 14.

The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) Wednesday 14 March 1860 pg4
On the 11th January, at Dellachaple, Garmouth, N.B., by the Rev. John Cushney, Allan R. Macdonald, M.D., of Gallavie, Canterbury, N.Z., to Mary Anne Forbes, youngest daughter of the late Alex. Grant, Esq., of Dellachaple.

The Sydney Morning Herald Saturday 17 March 1860 pg1
At Dellachaple, Yarmouth, N.B., on the 11th January, by the Rev. John Cushing Speymouth, Allen R. Macdonald, M.D., of Gallevie, Canterbury, New Zealand, to Mary Anne Forbes, youngest daughter of the late Alexander Grant, Esq., of Dellachaple.

Lyttelton Times Wednesday 16 May 1860 Marriage
MACDONALD - GRANT. At Dellachapli, Garmouth, N.B., on the 11th January, by the Rev. John Cushing Speymouth,  Allan R. Macdonald M.D. of Gallavie, Canterbury, N.Z. to Mary Annie Forbes, youngest daughter of the late Alexander Grant, Esq., of Dellachapli.  

The Sydney Morning Herald Friday 4 January 1861 p1 Family Notices Birth
On the 27th December, 1860, at Knockando, near Melbourne, Mrs. A. R. Macdonald, of a daughter.

The Argus Thursday 26 June 1862 p 4
MACDONALD - On the 25th inst., at Knockando, Alphington, Heidelberg-road, Mrs. A. R. Macdonald of a son.

The Argus Monday 21 May 1866 p 4 Birth
MACDONALD. On the 18th inst., at Knockando, Heidelberg road, Mrs. A. R. Macdonald of a daughter.

The Argus Tuesday 8 April 1873 p 4
DEATHS. MACDONALD. On the 6th inst., at Knockando, Alphington, Allen Ranald Macdonald, M. D., aged 55.

The Argus Monday 10 January 1876
MACDONALD. On the 9th inst. at her residence, Knockando, Alphington, Mary Ann Forbes, relict of the late Allan Ranald Macdonald, M.D., aged 45 years.

The Argus Tuesday 11 January 1876 p 8 Family Notices
The Funeral of the late Mrs. M. A. F. MACDONALD (relict of the late Allan Ranald Macdonald, M.D.) will move from Knockando, Alphington, THIS DAY (Tuesday), the 11th inst., at 2 o'clock, and will proceed to the place of interment in the Melbourne General Cemetery.

The Argus Wednesday 27 December 1876 p 1 Family Notices
MACDONALD. On the 2nd inst., at the residence of her son Angus Macdonald, Esq., Waitui, New Zealand, Margaret Mary Macdonald, late of Knockando, Alphington; aged 87 years

The Australian Medical Journal - Volume 4 - 1882 Page 528 Marriage
Turnbull - Macdonald. On 15th September, at St. Mary's, Waverley, by the Rev. Stanley Mitchell, John Fowler, second son of the late J.F. Turnbull, of Loy-Yang, to Elizabeth Mary, eldest daughter of the late Allan Ranald Macdonald, M.D. of Knockando, and granddaughter of the late J. P. Mackenzie, of Exeter, Sydney. [There was one child Allan Macdonald Turnbull who died without issue in Melbourne in 1955]

The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil (Melbourne, Vic.) Tuesday 19 April 1887 p 63
MACDONALD-M'AULEY. On the 23rd ult. at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev. J. H. Shallberg, Angus Ranald Macdonald, eldest son of the late Dr. Allan Macdonald, Knockando, Alphington, to Sara, eldest daughter of David M'Auley, London-park, Durham Ox.

The Argus Friday 3 May 1889
WOLFF- MACDONALD - On the 9th March, at the Church of Speymouth, Dr. J.R. Wolfe, F.R.C.S.E., of Brandon-place, Glasgow, Scotland, to Helen Grant, second daughter of the late Dr. Allan Ranald Macdonald, of Knockando, Alphington. 

A good example of chain migration within a family - a common event in NZ and OZ.

James Macdonald (1814-1892)

He is buried at Geraldine plot 285 but has no headstone.

Timaru Herald October 1892
MACDONALD. On the 29th inst, at Waitui, Geraldine, James, eldest son of the late Ronald MacDonald, of Gallavie, Inverness-shire, Scotland, aged 78. Funeral leaves Waitui on Monday the 31st at 3pm.

Mrs Macdonald (1789-1873)

Timaru Herald 13 December 1876
The Argus
Wednesday 27 December 1876 p 1 Family Notices
Macdonald - On December 2, at the residence of her son Angus Macdonald, Esq., Waitui, Geraldine, Margaret Mary Macdonald, late of Knockando, Melbourne, in her 88th year.

Head stone Geraldine Cemetery
Late of Knockando, Alphington, Melbourne, Victoria
Relict of Ranald Macdonald, Gallovie, Badenoch, Inverness-shire, Scotland.
Born 11 October 1789
Died 2nd December 1876

 Taken from Orari Station Rd looking towards Mt. Peel, February 2013.

These two brothers, seasoned squatters, were to be seen at work all day long, and every day. On my first visiting them, they were living under canvas; very busy, very jolly, and very sanguine as to their prospects. wrote A. Cox in 1884.

Waireka (8000 acres) on the plain below Homebush was taken up in May 1852 by William K. Macdonald for himself and his two brothers, Allen R. and Angus. They were experienced Australian squatters who brought both money and sheep to New Zealand, wrote L.G.D. Acland in 1930.

Squatter - a large runholder. This was a colloquial name, out of use now, begin displaced by sheep farmer, station owner, etc.
A colonial squatter - the owner of broad acres.
A squatter's nightmare - a rabbit.

The hard-headed one from Yorkshire;
He the prince of all the squatters,
Largest holder of runholders

Thames Star, 10 December 1875, Page 2 Timaru
Thursday. Mr Wakefield addressed a large meeting of electors at Geraldine. The disposal of the runs at the expiration of leases is the most exciting topic at Geraldine, and a number of squatters attended the meeting. Mr Wakefield advocated a uniform waste lands law for the whole colony; runs to be leased to present occupiers on payment of a bonus of ninepence per sheep and rent of sixpence per sheep annually; also, proposed the employment of convict labour on the Timaru breakwater. Mr W. K. Macdonald, a squatter, proposed a vote of confidence, Mr Messon, a farmer, seconded it. Carried unanimously.

Timaru Herald, 2 December 1871, Page 2
The nomination for a representative in the Provincial Council for Geraldine took place at the Court- house, Temuka, on Wednesday list. The attendance was unusually numerous, and was far greater than or any similar occasion. The Returning Officer having read the writ, called upon some qualified person to nominate a candidate. Mr Slack said he wished to propose Mr W.K. Macdonald as representative in the Provincial Council for the district of Geraldine, and a more fit and proper, or more conscientious man, the district never had.

Mr Macdonald was objected to as a squatter, but be was a farmer at heart, and took the greatest interest in the success of the farmer. He had known Dr Rayner many years, and thought his best friends would vote against him, and keep him at borne. Mr Mendelson said he would second Mr Macdonald's nomination, and had no difficulty in his mind as to who was the best man. Dr Rayner's opinion on deferred payments' was not worth a great deal. Mr Brown's bill was defective, and if the conditions were not complied with m regard to some particulars, a purchaser might be treated as a felon. Mr Mendelson then went on to suggest certain alterations in the land laws, which, he said, would be for preferable to the bill advocated by the Doctor. Dr Rayner also believed in railways, but the outlay for that purpose must be considered in reference to the financial circumstances and resources of the colony. Dr Rayner often talked of the bloated squatter,' thereby setting class against class, and thought all he said was gospel, but he (Mr Mendelson) could distinguish between good, and good-for-nothing. The policy of Dr Rayner was to get a pound a-day and see his old friends in Christchurch.

Mr Mendelson said that Mr Macdonald was the best man and he (Mr Hayburst) said Dr Rayner was. He believed Mr Macdonald had been in the district before the first Provincial Council, and as he now lived m Christchurch, it would be a pleasure to attend to his duties, but if he still resided in that neighbourhood, he would not have cared to represent them. On the other hand Dr Rayner was willing to go a hundred miles for that purpose. Mr Massey had much pleasure in seconding Dr Rayner, especially after the scurrilous manner in which Mr Macdonald had been seconded, which he was sure did not meet with the approval of Mr Macdonald and Mr Slack. Mr Macdonald said his first duty was to thank the electors for their attendance that day, the more particularly as after what he had seen of a report of his speech on Saturday in the Timaru and Gladstone Gazette, he almost feared that, as his speech had been grossly mis-reported, they might be led to form most incorrect notions, as from the report in question it would be impossible to make out what his opinions really were. As he had addressed them at length the previous Saturday, he would not detain them very long now. He desired them to bear in mind that should they return him us their member in the Council, they must not expect too much. The Provincial Council having been shorn of most of its powers, it was impossible for any one of its members to do much ; in fact, he might say that beyond "recommending" measures for adoption by the General Assembly, the Council had little else of power.

Dr Rayner said he felt rather diffident in consequence of the remarks made by the seconder of Mr Macdonald a gentleman would not have made them it belonged to the "ancient faith" to do such things. In that contest his friend Mr Macdonald and himself had preferred an honorable competition and he was proud still to call Mr Macdonald his friend. He was sure the remarks he alluded to would not meet with Mr Macdonald's sanction or or approval. He, Dr Rayner, had come before them for many reasons, having been many times placed by them in positions of trust for instance, for some years on the Geraldine Road Board. Mr Slack's observations were an echo of a letter he published some time ago, which stated that men only who had a large stake on property should seek public offices; that half-acre action men dare not compete with them that they could have no intellect unless they had property. His (Dr Rayner's) political views were well known as being friendly to the farmers on the land question. He had occasionally, in a jocular way made use of the term 'bloated squatter' and had also called them 'Knights of the Golden Fleece,' but he still respected them. He was in favor of a system of deferred payments for land, and with some modifications he considered it would be a great boon for a poor man to enable him to get a section of and land. It would also be a great benefit to shut out the land jobber. He was in favor of immigration with restrictions, there should be a proper selection of ploughmen, artisans, etc. He would gradually abolish Provincial Councils, they being altogether too costly, but it should be gradually done, and he would then give extended power to Road Boards.  

Otago Witness 14 November 1885, Page 1 The land of the golden fleece.
In degree, the Australasian squatter's sheep are as innumerable. That makes him proud and justifiably proud. His "mobs" of horned cattle may be huge; his taste in horseflesh may be pretty; he may rear racehorses or import Clydesdales but after all, the four corner-stones of his property are his sheep. Sometimes he dreams uneasily of drought but waking up in the morning to find, perchance, a drenching rain pouring down, he rubs his hands gleefully, and murmurs:, " Ah! The wool's growing! The wool's growing!"  

The second generation 

Ranald Macintosh Macdonald (1860-1928) of Hambleden, Christchurch was a partner in the engineering firm of Booth, Macdonald and Company. He was born at Orari, in 1860, and is the eldest son of the late Mr. W. K. Macdonald. After serving an apprenticeship as a mechanical engineer at the Addington workshops, he became a partner in the engineering firm of Booth, Macdonald and Co., and was subsequently a member of the firm of McLaren and Macdonald, from which he retired in 1889. He has been Managing Director of the Christchurch Tramway Company, Limited, since its inception, a director of the Christchurch “Press” Company since 1891, and has also been a member of the committee of the Canterbury Agricultural and Pastoral Association for several years. In 1884 Mr. Macdonald married a daughter of the late Mr. George Gould and has three sons and two daughters. Booth, Macdonald and Company Ltd. was registered in New Zealand on March 8, 1899. The company was registered as manufacturing engineers and as makers and importers of machinery used on the farm. The company was formed by the partnership of Geo. T. Booth, R. M. Macdonald and William Ross. The Canterbury Automobile Association elected him president in 1906–07, the fourth person to hold that office. Mr Macdonald married a daughter of Mr. George Gould, and leaves a family of three sons and two daughters. Obituary

Star 29 January 1885, Page 3
Macdonald — Gould — Jan. 27, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev J. Aldred, Ranald Macintosh Macdonald, eldest son of the late W. K. Macdonald, of Orari, to Gertrude, fourth daughter of George Gould, of Christchurch.

George Gould died at Hambleden, 103 Bealey Ave, Christchurch, on 28 March 1889, aged 65. The historic mansion was reduced to a pile of dust and splintered wood after the Feb. 2011 quake. When Mr Gould died in the house in 1889 there were 70 carriages outside the house. The funeral procession went down to the Barbadoes St. Cemetery and bells were tolling at the Cathedral. George was a founding member of the Dissenters' Cemetery Board.  George Gould was born on April 23, 1823, at Hambleden Lock, about two miles from Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. His colonial career began in 1850. In December of that year he arrived from Auckland. Not being satisfied with his prospects in the North Island, he had come to Canterbury. He erected with his own hands the first wooden house in Christchurch. This was situated in Armagh street, near its junction with. Colombo street, almost on the site of the fruiterer's shop occupied by the late H. Marks. For several years Mr Gould lived in the house he had erected in Armagh street. He afterwards purchased from Messrs von Gartner and Ellis the section, facing the North belt, on which he resided for the rest of his life. He had a house built thereon, lived in it till 1866, when Mr Rutland built the large house which now stands at the corner of the North belt and the Springfield road. In memory of his birthplace, Mr Gould named his residence Hambleden. Mr Gould was three times married, and leaves three sons and four daughters. His eldest son, Mr Joseph Gould, is a member of the firm of Gould and Beaumont. Mr Gould's natural enterprise led him to extend his already flourishing business, and in 1859 he established the old "Cookham House" in premises situated at the corner of Colombo and Gloucester streets. He was a past president of the Canterbury A & P Assoc.

Dec. 2007. Hambleden, 103 Bealey Ave, Christchurch
Hambleden, 103 Bealey Ave in 2007, demolished in 2011. aka Hambledon

Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW) Saturday 9 March 1895 p 14 Patents and Inventions
Ronald Mackintosh Macdonald, 71 Cathedral Square, Christchurch, N.Z. Improvements in totalisators.

Press, 3 April 1905, Page 1
Notice is hereby given that MR RANALD MACINTOSH MACDONALD has been admitted as a PARTNER in this Finn. The business will be carried on heretofore. GOULD, BEAUMONT and CO., Hereford street, Christchurch. 

Thames Star, 17 July 1909, Page 1
Mr R. M. Macdonald, of Christchurch, considered that it was desirable that the farmer of Australasia should be brought closer to the consumer, through one agency if possible. The fewer firms between them the better.

An important amalgamation of Canterbury stock auctioneers, station, shipping, and insurance firms is about to eventuate, states the Christchurch Sun. Pyne and Co., and Gould, Beaumont and Co., of Christchurch, and Guinness and Le Cren, Ltd., of Waimate and Timaru, intend to merge. The members of the various firms concerned will form themselves into a public company, although it is improbable that the public will be given an opportunity to subscribe. No indication of the prospective capital of the new concern is available. Pyne and Co. was originally founded by the late Mr. F. H. Pyne, who was later joined by Mr. Alex. Boyle and the late Mr. C. W. Reid. They carried on the business of stock auctioneers, and enlarged their sphere of operations until the business embraced all forms of farm and station work, establishing agencies throughout Canterbury, and also dealing in grains and produce.
    The firm of Gould, Beaumont and Co. comprises Messrs. George Gould, R. M. Macdonald, and F. M. Warren. The business was established in 1875 by the late Mr. Joseph Gould.
    Guinness and Le Cren, Ltd., was originally founded by Mr. F. Rickman, of Waimate, afterwards being carried on by Messrs. Barclay and Foot, who sold to Messrs. Guinness, and Le Cren in 1893. The firm was incorporated in 1901. Major Norton Francis, C.M.G., lately Director of Base Records, was, before the war, manager of the firm's business in Waimate. He will go to Christchurch in connection with the consolidated company, according to the Sun.

Gertrude Gould and Ranald Macintosh Macdonald married in 27 Jan. 1885 in Springfield Road, Upper Riccarton, CHCH.
1886 Helen Gertrude  (Mrs. Blakemore of London)
1889 Guyon Kenneth, 6th August. (served in WW1, died shortly after)
1891 a son at Webb St., St. Albans, Oct. 4
1896 Ian Macpherson of Hororata
1898 Mary Moata
1902 George Ranald of Lowry Hills. Looks like a late birth registration.

Dominion 6 August 1915 Page 2
At Holy Trinity Church, Darlington (England), on June 9, the marriage took place of Lieutenant P. Blakemore, of the 10th Battalion North Staffordshire Regiment, to Miss Helen Gertrude Macdonald, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ranald Macdonald, of Christchurch, states a London correspondent. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Charles Kingsley Burton.

Press 8 February 1933 Page 2 WEDDING. WYN HARRIS—MACDONALD
LONDON, December 29. New Zealand friends will be interested in the marriage celebrated on December 22, at Christ Church, Kensington, of Percy Wyn Harris, district officer, Kenya Colony, eldest son of Mr P. M. Harris, J.P., and Mrs Harris, of Grasgarth, Acton, to Mary Moata Macdonald, daughter of the late Mr Ranald M. Macdonald, C.B.E., and the late Mrs Macdonald, formerly of "Hambleden," Christchurch.. The wedding was a very quiet one, only relatives and a few friends being invited; nevertheless about a hundrd people assembled at the church. The guests lunched at 9 Douro Place, London, after the wedding. The bride wore a dress of wine-coloured kasha, a small toque to match, and carried a bouquet of freesias. Mr Harris is a member of the expedition leaving this month for Mount Everest. Mrs Harris hopes to join him in India in the autumn, and to return with him to Kenya. Mr Harris has always been a keen mountaineer, and naturally regards his selection as a member of the expedition as a great honour. [Wyn, who hated his first name and never used it.]

Press 10 November 1941 Page 6 CAPTAIN I. M. MACDONALD
The death occurred in England on November 7 of Captain I. M. Macdonald. He was the third son of the late Mr R. M. Macdonald, of Hambleden, Christchurch, and was born in 189b. He was educated at Christ's College and Wanganui Collegiate School. He left New Zealand at the beginning of the last war and after a short course at Sandhurst obtained a commission in the 2nd Highland Light Infantry. He was wounded in the knee on the last day of the war in Mesopotamia and was invalided out of the Army with the rank of captain .Captain Macdonald returned to New Zealand and farmed in the Geraldine and Hororata districts. Some years ago he sold his farm and went back to He was a keen student of farming in all its branches. His knowledge proved of use during the present war. At the time of his death he was employed in that division of the Department of Agriculture which has been in charge of the Grow More Food campaign. He also served as an Air raid warden in London through the “blitz.” 

Photo taken by Beverley April 2018
St. Peters Churchyard Upper Riccarton, CHCH
 Guyon Kenneth Macdonald accidently killed 21 Nov. 1919, age 30
Major R.A.F.
"and underneath are the everlasting arms" and of
 Gertrude beloved wife of R.M. Macdonald born 14 Sept. 1863. Died 12 May 1922

Press, 2 December 1910, Page 8 Motoring and Aviation
After an extended trip to the Old Country and the Continent Mr R. M. Macdonald, a well-known Christchurch resident, returned to this city yesterday. The popularity and ubiquity of the motor in London, Mr Macdonald says, was sufficient to show that we lived in the motor age. Mr Macdonald said that he would strongly advise anyone visiting the Old Country, and driving a motor, to join the Automobile Association, which was the road club of England, and had much to do with the regulation of motor traffic on the roads. The Association was not formed to assist motorists by obstructing the law but to assist them in observing the law. There had been a remarkable change in the sentiments of motorists generally respecting extreme speed on public roads, and a man who habitually offended in this direction would be warned by the Association. The Continental roads took Mr Macdonald's fancy very much. They were broader than the English roads, and the grades on the hills were much more regular. A boon to the travelling motorist was the admirable system of kilometre posts (taking the place of our mile posts), and the cast-iron direction signs at the corners of all roads.
    Brooklands, Mr Macdonald added, was also becoming the principal aviation ground near London, and large sheds were being erected for the housing of flying machines. Mr Macdonald attended a number of aviation meetings. He is convinced from what he saw that while the experience that is being got today by the aviators will be useful for future guidance; the perfect machine is not yet in sight. Mr Macdonald remarked that the attempts to achieve the conquest of the air had been responsible for a demand for light and highly-powered internal combustion engines. A number of the aviators who had been killed this year were accounted the most skilful men in their profession; they were by no means novices in the air.

Evening Post, 16 May 1922, Page 9
A tribute is paid to the late Mrs. Ranald Macdonald, of Christchurch, whose tragic death was reported this week. Mrs. Macdonald was a daughter of the late Mr. George Gould, one of the pioneers of Canterbury, and, it is said, was a woman of gracious tact, and one of the most kindly and hospitable. Great sympathy is felt for her husband and family.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 15 May 1922, Page 5
Christchurch, May 13. The dead body of Mrs. Macdonald, the wife of Ranald Macdonald, well known in business and, social circles, was found this morning at the foot of the cliffs at Scarborough, Sumner. Everything points to deceased having fallen from the top of the cliffs, which, at this point, are four hundred feet high. Mrs. Macdonald was missed yesterday evening, and a search was made, but had to be abandoned owing to the darkness and heavy seas. At the inquest the evidence showed that she had been a sufferer from giddiness, and that it would be a very dangerous thing for her to go near a cliff. The verdict was that death was due to severe and extensive injuries caused through accidentally falling down the cliff.

Colonist, 3 June 1919, Page 5 THIRD CLASS OR COMMANDER C.B.E.
Ranald Macintosh Macdonald, N.Z. War Contingent Association, London.

Auckland Star, 22 October 1928, Page 3
Christchurch, this day. Mr. Ranald Macintosh Macdonald, C.B.E., is dead, aged 68 years. He was formerly a partner in the firm of Booth, Macdonald and Co., from which he retired in 1889. He was managing director of the Christchurch Tramway Co. from its inception, and later became a director of the Christchurch Press. In wartime he worked in England as a member of the New Zealand Red Cross and War Contingent Association. Mr Macdonald married a daughter of Mr. George Gould, and leaves a family of three sons and two daughters.

St. Peters Churchyard Upper Riccarton
 Ranald MacIntosh Macdonald born 1st 1 June 1860 - Died 21st Oct. 1928.

Evening Post, 22 October 1928, Page 8
A Press Association message from Christchurch announces the death of Mr. Ranald Mackintosh Macdonald, C.B.E. formerly mechanical engineer of the New Zealand Railways. Born in 1860, Mr. Macdonald was a son of the late Mr. W. K. Macdonald, of Orari. Well-known in Canterbury, the late Mr. Macdonald was managing director of the Christchurch Tramways, and a member of the Christchurch City Council. Besides being a director of several companies, he was also a member of the Canterbury A. and P. Association, and of the Canterbury Jockey Club [and Golf Club]. During the war he was connected with the New Zealand Red Cross Service in England and he received the C.B.E. in 1919 for his services.

Ranald Macintosh Macdonald, who died at Christchurch in 1928 left an estate the final balance of which was fixed for death duties at £337,317. He is buried in St Peter's Churchyard in Upper Riccarton. He is buried with his wife and son.

Guyon Alister Macintosh Macdonald, was born at Orari in 1873 the youngest son of William Kenneth and Annie Macdonald. G.A.M. was educated at Christ's College and for some time at the School of Engineering, Canterbury College and becoming a farmer in 1908. In 1909 he married Muriel, daughter of Rev. W.H. O'Brien-Hedge, vicar of Acton, Cheshire. Had one son and two daughters. He was president of the South Canterbury A and P Association in 1916.  He was an authority upon the history of Geraldine. He was one of the prime movers for establishment of the Orari Post Office and the erection of the Orari Coronation Hall. Died Oct. 19th 1932, aged 59, also his wife Florence Muriel Lovell Macdonald died Nov. 11 1963, aged 85.  Both buried in Geraldine with a Celtic cross headstone. He is buried beside his mother Annie who has a plain Latin cross on her headstone. He was the youngest of four sons. E.M. Macdonald was in England  in Oct. 1932.

William Kenneth Macdonald, jun. third son of the late Mr Wm. K. Macdonald and  brother Mr G. A. M. Macdonald, married Constance May TEMPLE in Geraldine at St Mary's Church on 17 December 1896 to Constance Mary Temple, third daughter of Capt. Edwyn and Caroline Temple, of Castlewood near Geraldine. They had three children, Ian, Mary and Dorothy.
He was educated in Christchurch, attending Christ College. Managed the Orari Estate for a year or two after his mother's death in 1901. He lived in Geraldine and later moved to Timaru.
He owned part of the Marchweil Estate at Timaru. He was also one of the syndicate who built the Hydro Grand Hotel. He also built the Orari Buildings at the junction of The Terrace and Stafford street. Member of United Cricket Club in Christchurch. Member of Geraldine Cricket Club. Also enjoyed hunting and playing golf. He was a JP. In the middle 1920s he took his family to England and never returned to New Zealand. He died in England in December 1927. Obituary in Timaru b Herald 27 Dec 1927. There is a probate 22 Feb. 1928 that includes his death certificate.

Children of Constance Mary and William Kenneth Macdonald
1898 Macdonald Annie Caroline Dorothy
1900 Macdonald Mary Temple
1907 Macdonald William Kenneth

Press, 8 January 1897 Page 2
Weekly Press and Referee, Dec. 31. A pretty wedding took place at Geraldine on Thursday, December 17th, when Miss Constance Temple, third daughter of Capt. Temple, was married to Mr W. K. Macdonald. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. James Preston. The church was very prettily decorated by the friends of the bride and bridegroom, with white roses and other flowers. Over the altar steps was suspended a large floral bell under which the young couple stood during the ceremony, and a large horseshoe of white roses was hung over the gate. The bride, who entered on the arm of her father, was prettily dressed in a white walking costume trimmed with ivory satin and lace white hat trimmed with ostrich feathers, &c. She carried a shower bouquet of white roses. The bride was attended by her two sisters, dresses alike in grass-lawn, relieved with white satin ribbon, white hats and veils. The bridegroom was attended by his brother, Mr Evan Macdonald, as best man. Mrs Temple, mother of the bride, wore a handsome dress of black velvet, the revere on the bodice lined with white satin, floral bonnet of black and white Mrs Macdonald, mother of the bridegroom, wore a nice black silk trimmed with jet, black bonnet. Among the other guests present were the Messrs Temple, Mrs Angus Macdonald, Miss Macdonald, Mr and Mrs R. M. Macdonald, Dr. and Mrs Hislop, Mr and Mrs B. R. Macdonald, Mrs and the Misses Preston, Mrs and the Misses Fish, Messrs Guyon Macdonald, Crowe, Wegglin, Pym, Fish, &c. Captain and Mrs Temple had issued invitations for a large At Home at Castlewood, but the heavy rain, which began at an early hour in the afternoon, prevented many from attending.
Following is a list of the presents:—
Mrs Temple, china breakfast and tea set
Capt. Temple, cheque
the Misses Temple, writing case
the Messrs Temple, fitted travelling bag
Mr and Mrs F. Lance, handsome lamp and shade
Mrs Macdonald, set solid table silver, cheque, &c.
Mr and Mrs B. M. Macdonald, silver sugar and cream side dish and sugar tongs
Mr R. M. Macdonald, silver teapot, silver belt clasps (Japanese letters), picture, &c.
Mr Guyon A. M. Macdonald, travelling clock, gold links, silver toilet requisites and opera glass
Mrs Angus Macdonald, clock
Miss Macdonald, picture
Mr G. Macdonald, flower stand
Mr and Mrs B. M. Macdonald, silver knife rests
Dr. and Mrs Hislop, tea table
Mr and Mrs Strachey, silver salts
Mrs Gould and Mrs Hannen, silver tea kettle
Rev. C. and Mrs Bowden, silver muffineer
Mr and Mrs Otterson, bran? tray
Mr and Mrs Sinclair-Thomson, oak-table
Mrs Grooves, pair silver table-napkin rings
Canon Harper, double set carvers and steel
Mrs Gray, chair
Mrs J. Studholme, dozen Japanese tea cups and saucers
Mr and Mrs B. H. Barns, carvers and steel
Mr and Mrs F. Burns, silver hotwater jug
Mrs Luxmoore, silver afternoon tea spoons and sugar tongs
Mr and Mrs Broham, breakfast dish
Mrs and Miss Fenwick, silver mounted bread plate and knife
Mrs Tripp, chair
Mr Murray, sugar and cream in stand and egg stand
Mr H. W. Moore, cheque
Captain Garsia, cheque
Mr Macpherson, inkstand and tray
Mrs Polsen, fish knife and fork
Mrs Sercombe, pearl brooch
Mr Sercombe, photograph frame
Mrs Hope, work bag
Miss Tincler, pair sugar trowels
Miss Lavie, bread fork
Mr and Mrs Pinckney, silver salt cellar
Mr and Mrs A. Barker, picture
Mr and Mrs F. Barker, flower pot
Mr and Mrs J. Barker, marmalade jar and silver tray
Dr. and Teevan, butter dish and knife
the Rev. J. and Mrs Preston, china tea set and silver batter knife; the Misses Preston, pair vases
Mr and Mrs Orbell, butter dish and knife; the Misses Orbell, silver sugar spoon
Mr and Mrs Hawkins, tea table
Mr and Mrs A. Wilson-Smith, vase
Mr and Mrs Inwood, jam dish and spoon
the Misses Fish, embroidered tea cloth
Mrs Stopford, tea-cloth
Miss Emily Cox, water jug
Mrs. Bowen, afternoon teacups
Mrs Crosdale Bowen, photograph frame
Mr. C. A. Crowe, silver fish knives and forks
Miss M. Slack, silver napkin ring
Mrs and the Misses Maling, case silver afternoon teaspoons
Mrs Sharpe, afternoon tea cloth
Mrs Turton, china ornaments
Mrs Bond, lace handkerchief
Miss Brookes, crumb brush and tray
Mrs Buckley, pair vases Miss Buckley, pair candlesticks; Mr J. Buckley, watch stand.

Timaru Herald April 9th 1873 page 6 Inquest
An inquest was held at Mr W. K. Macdonald's station on Thursday, April 3 before B. Woollcombe, Esq., Coroner, on the body of William Irwin. The wheel of the dray had gone over his back. A jury of fourteen were sworn in, of which Mr J. Wadsworth was chosen foreman.
John Airy: I am a carter at Mr Macdonald's.
James Bennett: I am a laborer in the employ of Mr Macdonald, living in a house on his farm.

Feilding Star 29 September 1905, Page 3
Timaru, Sept. 28 Beechy R. MacDonald, the well-known gentleman rider, was most seriously hurt at the Geraldine Racing Club's spring meeting to day. He was riding in the Hunter's Hurdles - when his horse fell at the fourth hurdle. He was picked up unconscious, and has not shown any signs of recovery to night.

Children of May and Beauchamp Ronald Macdonald
1896 Macdonald Angus Mainwaring
1898 Macdonald Geraldine Dora
1901 Macdonald Alison Miria Mainwaring

Geraldine Dora Davison, a niece, of Angus Guyon Macdonald, contained to look after his sister-in-law May Macdonald at Waitui until May death in 1962. His other niece was Aileen Mira Mainwaring Matson of Christchurch. He bequeath 30 acres on the Main North Rd at Geraldine known as "Strathnoon" to Geraldine D. Davison.

Press, 6 March 1919, Page 1
DAVISON—MACDONALD—On March 4th, at St. Mary's Church, Geraldine, by the Rev. Canon Staples Hamilton, James Winyard Davison, late Lieutenant 6th Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, third son of J.H. Davison, St. Leonards, Culverden, to Geraldine Dora, elder daughter of B. R. Macdonald, Waitui, Geraldine, the Mayor. Miss Miria Macdonald, sister of the bride was bridesmaid, best man was his brother Lieutenant Lionel Davison, of the 13th New Zealanders. After the ceremony, a reception was held at "Waitui,” the residence of the bride’s parents.

Colonist, 14 July 1915, Page 4
Mr Geo. Gould, of Christchurch, has received the following, cablegram from London from Mr R. M. Macdonald, news of whose arrival in England had been expected. It not only gives news as to the arrival of Mr and Mrs Macdonald, but also locates the sons of Mr Macdonald and Mr Gould, who are on active service:— "Arrived all well, Roger (Gould) in France, well, Alan (Gould) in King's Royal Rifles, George (Macdonald), commission, Army Service Corps, Kenneth (Macdonald) Sherwood Foresters, Sunderland, Ian (Macdonald) Highland Light Infantry."

Otago Daily Times 31 August 1915, Page 8
Second-lieutenant G. R. Macdonald (Christchurch, son of Mr Ranald Macdonald), who had a commission in the Highland Light Infantry, has been transferred to the Army Service Corps (Motor Transport section), and is at Aldershot. Another brother, Lieutenant G. K. Macdonald, belongs to the 3rd Battalion Sherwood Foresters, while Second-lieutenant Ian Macdonald, who recently passed through the Military College at Camberley, is in the Highland Light Infantry.

Press, 9 October 1916, Page 2
Lieut. G. K. Macdonald, of the Sherwood Foresters, son of Mr Ranald Macdonald, Christchurch, has been attached for some time to the Royal Flying Corps in France. Another son, Lieut. Ian M. Macdonald, of the Highland Light Infantry, is in Mesopotamia.
    The wounded this week include:— Second-Lieut. G. K. Macdonald, Army Service Corps, attached to Royal Garrison Artillery (son of Mr Ranald Macdonald, Christchurch); Lieut. Macdonald had a very narrow escape. A bomb exploded within three feet of him, and he was wounded by splinters in both legs and one arm. He is now making a good recovery at Somerville Hospital, Oxford.

Press, 6 November 1916, Page 10
Second-Lieutenant I. M. Macdonald, of the Highland Light Infantry, youngest son of Mr Ranald Macdonald (Christchurch), has been invalided to India from Mesopotamia.

Press, 19 October 1916, Page 4
Another New Zealand name in the list of wounded this week is Second- Lieutenant G. K. Macdonald, Sherwood Foresters, attached to the Royal Flying Corps. He is a son of Mr Ranald M. Macdonald, of Christchurch, and his brother, Second-Lieutenant G. R. Macdonald (Army Service Corps, attached to the Royal Garrison Artillery) was wounded only a few weeks ago.

Guyon Kenneth Macdonald
World War I 		1914-1918 
Serial No. 		7/867 
First Known Rank 	Lieutenant 
Next of Kin 		Mrs M.M. Macdonald (wife), 103 Bealey Avenue, Christchurch
Marital Status 		Married 1915 to Majorie Mabyn Grigg
Enlistment Address 	Lawry Hills, Ethelton, NZ 
Body on Embarkation 	3rd Reinforcements 
Embarkation Unit 	Canterbury Mounted Rifles 
Embarkation Date 	14 February 1915 

Press, 22 November 1919, Page 8  & New Zealand Herald, 10 November 1916, Page 6  DEATH OF MAJOR G. K. MACDONALD.
Major Guyon Kenneth Macdonald, of "The Grange," near Spotswood, Cheviot, Canterbury, met his death yesterday morning in a tragic manner. He went out with his gun about 7 o'clock to shoot rabbits. A shot was heard shortly afterwards, and Major Macdonald not returning for breakfast, a search was made, and he was found dead, lying beside a fence. The gun was on the other side of the fence, exploded. Major Macdonald had a gunshot wound in the right side, under the breast. From the wound and the position of the body it is surmised that Major Macdonald placed the gun over the fence preparatory to getting over himself, and in doing so jolted the gun, which went off and knocked him backwards.

[Major Guyon Kenneth Macdonald, R.A.F., was the eldest son of Mr and Mrs Ranald M. Macdonald, of Bealey avenue, with whom the greatest sympathy is felt in their bereavement. Major Macdonald, when aged 25, enlisted in December, 1914, in the Canterbury Mounted Rifles portion of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, and went into camp at Trentham. From Egypt he went to England to take up a commission in the Sherwood Foresters (the Notts and Derby Regiment), and in 1915 he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. After spending some months in training, he joined the 54th Squadron on the Western Front in France in April of the same year. On 1st September, 1916, Major Macdonald was dangerously wounded in an air fight, but managed to get back to his aerodrome. While flying behind the German lines he was attacked by a Fokker, and shot through the right knee. Unfortunately, the pressure petrol tank was perforated, as well as the small gravity tank, while another bullet pierced the induction pipe. The machine fell into a cloud, and as soon as Lieutenant Macdonald recovered himself he righted it and started home for his aerodrome, a distance of 25 miles. There was a dressing station quite close and although he is suffering from loss of blood and strain, it is hoped that he will save his leg. For several months he was incapacitated by his wounds, and also suffered severely from shock. Afterwards he was appointed a flying instructor at Grantnam, England, and at various other aerodromes. In 1918 he was promoted to captain, and was appointed Wing Examiner in the Southeastern district. Subsequently he was promoted major and attached to Headquarters, London. In April of the present year he was demobilised and returned to the Dominion. Major Macdonald, who was born in August. 1889, was educated at Christ's College, Christchurch, at Pembroke College, Cambridge, and, later, was at Canterbury Agricultural College, Lincoln, for some time. Prior to enlisting he was engaged farming in the Cheviot district. Major Macdonald leaves a widow (the eldest daughter of Mr John Grigg, of Longbeach) and two young children.]

Press, 30 September 1920, Page 8 SEASIDE TRAGEDIES. DEATHS OF NEW ZEALANDERS, LONDON, August 19.
The many New Zealand friends of Mr and Mrs Guyon A. M. Macdonald, of Orari, South Canterbury, will learn with sincere sympathy of a sad tragedy which has occurred in their family. They are staying at Aberdovey, a quiet a attractive holiday resort on the Welsh coast. On Monday, 9th instant, they lost their older son, John, a boy of nine, under most unusual circumstances. The eldest three of their children were playing on a low sandhill at the top of the beach, in charge of their governess, and they had been digging holes in the sand, which John apparently started to connect by tunnels. The governess missed John, and realising that the sand had slipped in on him she called for help, which was immediately available. The doctors, of whom there happened to be live present, have expressed the opinion that death was instantaneous, largely from shock. Everything possible was done to restore life by artificial respiration. Dr. Goodfellow, of West Didsbury, at the inquest which was held next day said that life was extinct before the body was got out of the sand, death being due to suffocation, accompanied by shock. Returning a verdict of "accidental death" in accordance with medical evidence, the Coroner extended to Mr and Mrs Macdonald his personal sympathy—sympathy which he felt was general throughout the district. The body was brought to Golder's Green Crematorium, whence the ashes will later be taken to New Zealand. The service was taken by Chaplain-Captain Bisset, of the Guards' Chapel. Those present in addition to Mr and Mrs Macdonald were the Misses O'Bryen-Hodge, Mrs Blakemore, and Mr E. M. Macdonald. Mr Guyon Macdonald is on a visit to England.

G.R. Macdonald - (1891-1967) The Canterbury Chronicler

The G.R. Macdonald dictionary of 19th Century Canterbury Biographies  online There is a feature where you can make lists and email them to yourself. [11,403 cards online] [About 22,000 people are mentioned in the Macdonald index]
Between 1951 and 1964 George Ranald Macdonald compiled the G.R. Macdonald Dictionary which is available, on microfiche, at the Documentary Research Centre, Canterbury Museum. This contains biographical material on Canterbury pioneers, mostly men.
•Macdonald used The Lyttelton Times (later The Christchurch Times) 1851-1931, church marriage and burial records, tombstones, and manuscripts held at the Hocken Library and Alexander Turnbull Library.
•He obtained information from acquaintances descended from pioneer settlers and used his own knowledge.
•The biographies may include references to relevant cemeteries and more precise death dates (month and day). The biographies often give death data not only on the subject of the biography but also on spouses and other family members.
• It generally deals with men rather than women. Prominent women may appear under their husband's name. Only 66 cards under a female name.
• It can be incorrect and he failed to give precise sources. You can then add comments in regards to that card.
• The document research centre at the Canterbury Museum which has an email for enquiries. When available obtain microprints of the revenant entries and  be sure to include the vital source notes at the bottom of the entries. These can lead to much more detail than is in the biography.
•There are 'omnibus' entries. These occurred when only scraps of information on one or several persons with the same name.
• He complied what might be called an 'occupations list' for people in his biographies. A copy of this is available in the museum library. One finds entries for schools,  jockey clubs, cab drivers, cabinet makers, and picture framers, Christchurch Gas Company, market gardeners, master mariners, judges, judges of stock and 'journey's up country' etc.
• The handwritten cards give biographical information on immigrants to Canterbury for the period 1850-1900 and presented to the Canterbury Museum in 1964.

Index to the G.R. Macdonald dictionary of Canterbury biographies, 1964. Christchurch City Libraries holds the index to this biographical dictionary. The index often provides birth and death years, occupation and other notes on people, as well as a reference number which refers to the actual resource at the museum. The Christchurch City Central Library has two copies of the index -  one book and one microform 1987. The full index has 12,500 entries. Beehive Books was selling the fiche index for about $10.00.

There is a South Canterbury Extracts from "The Macdonald File" names pulled from the main index, about 1250 South Canterbury people mentioned. There are two copies at the Museum, one which is held by the local gennie group. e.g.

Fulbert Archer 			(1825 - 1904) A-241 
Fulbert Astley Archer 			      A-242
Charles Dunnage				      D-543
Frederick Robert Flatman 	(1843 - 1911) F-167
Stephen Gillingham		(1813-  1892) G-188
Thomas Hardcastle 		(1817 - 1897) H-148
John Hardcastle 		(1847 - 1927) H-147
Thomas James Maling 		(1836 - 1922) M- 51
Andrew Martin 			(1834 - 1908) M-150
William Stephen Maslin 		(1850 - 1929  M-196
Robert Morrison 		(1837 - 1916) M-640
John Mundell 			(1850 -     ) M-718
Robert Worthington		(1844 - 1920) W-763

George Ranald Macdonald of Woodend was born at St Albans, Christchurch, on 4 October 1891.  He was educated in Christchurch and then Oxford University, graduate with honours in 1912 and subsequently returned to Christchurch after serving in the First World War. He served a a captain in the Tank Corps and fought in the first battle in which tanks were employed. He won a Military Cross. He was called to the bar in the Inner Temple, London, and worked briefly in Christchurch but preferred country life. He farmed at 'Lowry Hills' near Cheviot and at 'Hambleden' at West Eyreton. Married to Arawina, daughter of Sir George Clifford, of Stoneyhurst, he was director of the Christchurch Press Company and was also on the committee of the Canterbury Jockey Club. His mother was Gertrude. His maternal grandfather was George Gould. In retirement Macdonald returned to his interest in history.  Macdonald volunteered to compile such a dictionary under the aegis of the museum. He exhibited lateral thinking and tremendous industry in his search for information. Through personal contacts and the family stock and station agency, Pyne, Gould, Guinness, he sought descendants of rural families. He unearthed other informants by publicising his research in radio talks and Press articles, visited the Alexander Turnbull and Hocken libraries, and read the Lyttelton Times for an 80-year period, extracting and meticulously dating immigrant lists, advertisements, bankruptcies, local news and obituaries. On field trips he took the whole of his well-organised files in the boot of his car. He saw the value of church registers and tombstones as historical sources and, at 70, was clambering through overgrown graveyards. Data was carefully written up on cards. In November 1964 Macdonald presented to the museum his 12,000-entry magnum opus, together with a useful, if idiosyncratic, subject index. Later he added a nominal index. His prose style was clear and enlivened with anecdote. However, the work was extensive rather than comprehensive; only 66 of the entries are for women, and there is a bias towards the upwardly mobile: those whom the compiler considered to have made a contribution to Canterbury’s development. When Macdonald found forgotten people at the bottom of the economic pile, he usually left them there. His biographical dictionary, a boon to genealogists and perhaps the single most important contribution to the history of Canterbury. He died 13 Dec. 1967. Married Beatrice Mary "Wina" Clifford 14 Feb 1922 in Stonyhurst Station, Waipara. Macdonald built up a flock of Corriedales on 'Lowry Hills', and by hand undertook extensive seeding and topdressing on the tussock. He published two small studies -The Canterbury Frozen Meat Company and the Christchurch Club.

R.A.M. Macdonald b. 29 August 1914 Ranald Alister Macpherson Macdonald.
Major 2 Div. Cavalry Regt, 2NZEF, No. 20042, died 13 April 1991, aged 76 years. Buried Geraldine.

The Canterbury Museum has a collection of Macdonald papers

Diaries for Orari Station, Canterbury 1858-1863; personal diaries 1876-1879 by William K. Macdonald [1 box]
• Letters about moving to NZ and conditions in Canterbury 5 April 1855 and 6 December 1855 by Allan Ranald Macdonald [9 pages]
• Recollections of father George Ranald Macintosh Macdonald; seven letters written by George Ranald Macdonald 1914. George Macdonald was wounded twice and invalided to England, as these letters tell. Six letters are addressed to his Uncle Guyon and one to his Aunt Muriel, and are mostly concerned with his war experiences in France during WWI. One letter has a sketch of the artillery described in the letter. The first of these letters is headed Hambleden, the name of the family home in Bealey Avenue. George Macdonald was wounded twice and invalided to England, as these letters tell. They give very vivid descriptions of the war and conditions in France.

Dr. Hislop - Geraldine has a Hislop St, probably named after Dr. Hislop, a medical practitioner.

Press, 31 October 1935, Page 20
DR. P. W. HISLOP The death has occurred at St. George's Hospital of Dr. Patrick Wood Hislop, of Geraldine. Dr. Hislop had been on holiday in Christchurch. Dr. Hislop was connected with the early history of Geraldine, and was a member of the Geraldine Town Board from 1902 to 1905, when Geraldine was constituted a borough, and he was a member of the first borough council. He remained on the council until 1909, when he did not seek reelection. In 1911 he again returned to the council and served until April, 1913. After a spell of two years he contested the mayoralty against Mr John Kennedy, who had held office since 1911, and the result was a tie. In the drawing of lots. Dr. Hislop was successful and became Mayor in 1915. He served in this capacity until the April meeting of 1917, when he retired from public life and did not again seek election to the council. He was always a prominent member of the Masonic Lodge, and was a trustee of the lodge property. During the Great War, both Dr. and Mrs Hislop energetically organised gatherings to assist patriotic causes, and Mrs Hislop was honoured by the conferring of the O.B. E. as a recognition of her services. Dr. Hislop was a keen sportsman, and took great interest in the sports clubs of Geraldine. He was a good cricketer, and was patron of the Geraldine Cricket Club for a number of years. He was also elected a life member of the Geraldine Tennis Club, and gave coaching to younger players. It is several years since Dr. Hislop gave up his medical practice in Geraldine. Dr. Hislop is survived by his widow, and two adult children, Miss J. Hislop, of Geraldine and Captain J. Hislop, who was stationed in India for some time. The funeral will take place at the Bromley cemetery this morning. A flag was flown at half-mast over the Geraldine Borough Council Chambers yesterday.  

Timaru Herald 9 December 1892 Wedding
HISLOP - MACDONALD. At St. Ninians, Glen Urquhart, Inverness, N.B., on the 13th October, by the Very Rev. the Provost of Inverness Cathedral, Patrick Wood Hislop, M.B.C.M. North Tawton, Devon, second son of J. Fowler-Hislop, Esq., of Castlepark, Prestonpans, N.B., to Margaret Mary Annie (Maithal) elder daughter of the late Angus MacDonald, Esq., of Waitui, Geraldine, N.Z.

Wife 			Margaret Mary Annie HISLOP
Son 			John Fowler Guyon HISLOP
Daughter 		Catherine Mabel Macdonald HISLOP
Catherine Mabel MacDonald HISLOP 
Address			Pyes Road, The Downs, Geraldine 
Age at Death 		91 Years 
Date of Death 		Tuesday, 6 September 1985 
Date of Interment 	Friday, 13 December 1985 
Cemetery 		Geraldine Cemetery 
55B Ist NZEF N.Z.V.A.D.

Patrick Wood Hislop 
Date of death 		Thursday, 31 October 1935 
Cemetery 		Waimairi 
Age 			70 years 
Address 		Geraldine 
Occupation 		MD Geraldine 

Margaret Mary Annie Hislop (MBE) 
Date of death 		Tuesday, 9 February 1965 
Cemetery 		Waimairi 
Age 			95 years  
Photo courtesy of Beverley in Jan. 2017.

New Zealand Herald, 10 January 1919, Page 9
The troopship Maunganui, carrying 870 returning invalided soldiers of all ranks, reached the examination anchorage at 8.30 a.m. yesterday. After being granted pratique by the port health officer, the vessel steamed into the harbour and anchored off the wharves, shortly after 11 a.m., when the medical boarding of the men was immediately commenced. The draft comprised four nurses, 21 officers, 36 warrant officers and sergeants, and 835 men, including 33 members of the crew of the Willochra, who were paid off in England. The complement included 60 tour of duty men, most of whom were Main Body men. Altogether nearly 100 Main Body officers and men returned by the ship. A total of 364 of all ranks for Auckland, and 50 for Gisborne, landed yesterday, and the remainder proceeded South by the vessel. The officer in charge of the troops was Lieutenant-Colonel D. Colquhoun, D.S.O., Captain J. W. Langridge was ship's adjutant, and the medical officers were Lieutenant-Colonel J. Hardie-Neil, D.S.O., Croix de Guerre, Major W. Aitken, M.C., and Captain J. O. Veitch. Captain A. G. Jones was ship's dental officer. The vessel did not carry a chaplain, but Sergeant J. Johnson, of Dunedin, who represented the Y.M.C.A., carried out many of the duties of that office. The nursing staff comprised Sister Jean Naismith, of Mosgiel, Staff-Nurses Christina and Margaret Campbell, of Auckland, and Miss Hislop, V.A.D., of Geraldine. Mrs. Veitch was also a passenger.

Dominion, 14 January 1919, Page 2
Miss Jill Hislop, daughter of Dr. Hislop and; Mrs Hislop, of Geraldine, has arrived in New Zealand again, after doing several years' war work in England. She arrived by the Maunganui, and went straight through, and was met in Christchurch by her parents.  

Timaru Herald, 9 December 1892, Page 2
The following is an extract from the Inverness Courier — "On the 13th Oct., at the Church of St Ninians, Glen Urquhart, a marriage was solemnised between Miss Margaret Mary Macdonald, eldest daughter of the late Mr Angus Macdonald, of Waitui, Geraldine, New Zealand, and Mr Patrick Wood Hislop, second son of Mr J. Fowler- Hislop of Castlepark, Prestonpans. The bride, who was given away by her cousin, Mr T. A. Macpherson of Corrimony, wore a charming costume of cream crepon and lace, with long tulle veil and wreath of orange blossom. She carried a beautiful shower bouquet of white orchids, and her veil was secured by a pearl spray, both the gifts of the bridegroom. Miss Elsie Macpherson, who acted as bridesmaid, wore a frock of cream corduroy and velvet, with hat to match. She carried a white and pink bouquet, and wore a pearl brooch, the gifts of the bridegroom. The ceremony was performed by the Very Rev. Provost Mather, of the Inverness Cathedral, and Mr Arthur Hislop, of the Royal Scots, attended his brother as groom's man. At the conclusion of the ceremony, the party returned to Corrirmony, where the wedding breakfast was served, and later in the afternoon, the young couple drove to Inverness, on route for the South of Scotland. The bride's travelling dress was of dark blue cloth, trimmed with beaver fur, with hat and coat to correspond.

Orari and Pakihi runs

When Brittan took over the administration in 1854, he re-numbered these runs 17, 20, 32 and 33 N.Z.R., and issued them to William Kenneth Macdonald and his brothers (Doctor) Allan Ranald and Angus. In February, 1858, they took up the Rangitata Island (Run 238) under the Canterbury regulations. The Macdonalds were owners of Ashfield and Waireka Stations near Christchurch in the earliest days of the settlement had owned stations in Victoria before that. A. R. and W. K. Macdonald had landed in New South Wales in 1842 and Angus joined them later.

Pakihi (Run 452)

Angus Macdonald, who had held the lower run since he and his brother dissolved partnership in 1865, died in 1890, after which his son named the station Pakihi. Angus Macdonald did not live there, but drove down day by day in an old Abbot buggy from Waitui. After his death Mrs Macdonald kept on the station, which then consisted of about five thousand acres of freehold.

Star 28 December 1888, Page 3
The Chief Commissioner reported the lease for fourteen years, by auction, at Timaru, of reserve 100, and part of reserve 1486, at the mouth of the Rangitata, containing 145 acres, to Angus M'Donald, at £l3 annual rental.

Press, 28 October 1893, Page 7
Sale of Farms. Messrs Guinness and Le Cren (in conjunction with the Canterbury Co-operative Association, Limited), under instructions from the executors of the late Angus Macdonald, will offer for sale by auction, in the Temuka drill shed, on Thursday, the 14th December next, the Pakihi Estate, containing 5300 acres, which has been subdivided into fifteen farms [126 to 1100 acres]. Particulars as to the size of the farms and other information will be found on reference to the advertisement which appears in another column of this issue [page 12, col. f]

Otago Daily Times 6 December 1893, Page 3
News was brought to Temuka on Monday by a young man named Taylor of a fatal accident which occurred at the Pakihi estate, Orari. It appears from the narrator's account that a farm hand named David McGimpsey was engaged in rolling a paddock in which there was a gully. Knowing that his team was a restive one, M'Gimpsey left the roller and took them by the head. From what transpired subsequently it is apparent that the horses trampled on M'Gimpsey, and the roller passed over his head. He was picked up in an unconscious condition, and a messenger dispatched for surgical assistance. The unfortunate man, however, died before assistance was procured. The deceased's relatives reside at Riccarton.
 [He is buried 5th Dec. 1893 at Temuka without a headstone, was 24 years.]

Star 4 December 1894, Page 3
McGimpsey - In loving remembrance of my dear brother, David John McGimpsey, who was killed by accident, at Pakihi Estate, Temuka, on Dec. 1893
Can it be true, dear brother,
One sad year hath passed away,
Since we laid your body in the grave,
To mingle with the clay?
Though others may forget you,
None but parents' hearts can tell,
As they are growing old and feeble,
We miss you more and more.
Inserted by his loving sister, E. J. Nicholson, Yaldhurst.

Timaru Herald, 15 December 1893, Page 3
The sale of the Pakihi Estate, the property of the executors of the late Wm Macdonald, which took place yesterday at the Volunteer Hall, Temuka, attracted a large attendance and although there was nothing like the enthusiasm that has been evident at previous sales of a similar character (notably those, of Arowhenua and Springfield) yet it was evident there were keen-minded farmers present intent upon picking up suitable blocks at a fair value. The sale was entrusted to Messrs Guinness and LeCren, and the Farmers' Co-operative Association. Mr J. Mundell, on behalf of the latter, read the conditions of sale. Mr Donald McLean, representing Messrs Guinness and LeCren, in the course of a brief speech, said that it would be presumption on his part to dictate to intending purchasers as to the particular merits of the property about to be submitted. He had visited and valued the estate about four years ago, and had again seen it within a fortnight. Four years and Mr Harry Ford had done wonders, and he was utterly astonished at seeing the property in such excellent condition. The estate bad now been cut up into suitable areas, and, as they know, it was as good an all-round farm use there was in Canterbury. The crops were good, the allotments all ring fenced, and there was every road facility. In addition to this there was a splendid water supply, and the heavier part of the land had been well drained. Mr H. Ford, the manager, stated that in respect of the turnip land any that had not taken well would be resown at the expense of the vendors, but there were 240 acres of early turnips that were " fit to bolt." The lots were then submitted in the following order, the reserves being mentioned as the lots were put up
Lot 1 — 60 acres (reserve £8), H McCully at upset
Lot 2 - 200 acres (£6), J Austin, £6 16s
Lot 3 - 9 acres plantation and 32 acres grass, with house (£4 10s), J R Gilliat, £5 6s
Lot 4 - 870 acres (£4) Hon. W Rolleston, at upset
Lots 5 and 6 passed in
Lot 7 — 206 acres Frank Brown, at upset
Lot 8 — in native grass (£3), Frank Brown;
Lot 9 — passed in
Lot 10 — in 1 year old grass (£4). J R Giliatt, at upset
Lot 11— passed in
Lot 12 — 240 acres (£9), H Borry, at upset
Lot 13 — 206 acres wheat and 140 acres oats (£4), J Airay
Lots 14 and 15 passed in.
The auctioneers stated that the unsold lots would be open for private sale for a short period at the upset values after which fresh arrangements would have to be made. Particulars are advertised. At the close of the sale Mr J. Mundell offered 60 acres of land, the properly of Mr J. Woodhead, which fell to the bid or Mr H. Lee at £13 5s per acre, which is considered extremely cheap.

Star 16 February 1897, Page 4
The Pakihi Estate homestead, near Temuka, was burned down at one o'clock on Sunday morning. Mr and Mr B.R. Macdonald and others in the house escaped just in time, the old wooden building burning down very quickly. The fire started in the kitchen, it is supposed, through a defective chimney. The homestead, which was held by the trustees of the late Mr Angus Macdonald's estate, was insured for £300 in, the North British, and Mr B. R. Macdonald's furniture find piano in the Victoria Office for £155. The occupants of the burning building were luckily awakened by the falling of crockery in the kitchen.

Press, 17 February 1897, Page 3 The homestead at the Pakihi estate. The origin of the fire is supposed to be owing to a defective chimney in the kitchen, and the occupants were aroused by the noise of falling crockery. Nothing whatever was saved, and Mr B. R. Macdonald, manager of the estate, lost everything, including a valuable lot of wedding presents. The homestead comprised eight rooms, and was a very old building.

Ashburton Guardian, 16 February 1897, Page 3
The Temuka Leader gives the following particulars of a fire which occurred at the Pakihi estate, near Geraldine, on Sunday morning. The fire broke out at 1 a.m. in the homestead, and before anything could be done to check the flames the building was reduced to ashes. The occupants of the house were Mr B. R. Macdonald, manager of the estate, Mrs Macdonald, and Miss Roberts. About 1 o'clock on Sunday morning the latter was awakened by the noise of falling crockery in the kitchen, which was the room next to her bedroom. Miss Roberts at once gave the alarm, and it was with great difficulty that the occupants escaped with anything more than a few articles of clothing that they could lay hands on. Mr Macdonald with another man attempted to rescue some of the furniture, but the flames had such a mastery of the old wooden homestead that they had to beat a hasty retreat, and while doing so Mr Macdonald was slightly scorched about the head and face.

Ashburton Guardian, 20 July 1899, Page 2 Mr John Henry
It is our sad duty to chronicle the death last evening at about seven o'clock of Mr John Henry, who for several years was licensee of the Commercial Hotel. For twenty years Mr Henry had been a sufferer from asthma, and was subject at intervals to attacks of bronchitis, and it was one of these latter which was the immediate cause of his death. Mr Henry was fifty-seven years of age, and was a native of Coupar Angus in Scotland. He came to Canterbury in 1863, and took employment for two years at the Heathcote wharf. In 1865 he took service with the late Mr Angus MacDonald, Geraldine, as gardener, to which trade he had been brought up, and brought with him an excellent record in this connection from Home... After five years in Mr Angus MacDonald's service, he took a farm at Woodbury. He was then appointed curator of what is now the beautiful domain at Temuka, in which position another five years of his life was spent. During this term in this capacity he was secretary of the school committee. On severing his connection with Temuka he went to Waimate, and after a sojourn there came to Ashburton to the Ashburton Hotel in 1885. After a short term in that hotel he moved to the other end of the town and took charge of the Commercial Hotel, and it is in connection with that establishment that he was best known to Ashburton people, He was host of the Commercial for eight years, and in it his wife and a daughter died. Three years ago he retired from business, and went into private life, building for himself a handsome villa residence near the show grounds, the garden attached to which with his own hands he cultivated and made out of the rough and bare land he took up a beauty spot which has been the admiration of all who passed along the Great North Road. As his family one after another married and sought homes of their own, the pretty villa became the residence of his son-in-law, Mr A. J. Miller, and surrounded by his family of grandchildren, with many visits from a host of his children's children, Mr Henry's latter years have been peaceful and happy, and he passed away in peace, ending in the sunset of his days a busy and industrious life in the bosom of those he loved.

Timaru Herald, 16 November 1886, Page 2
During Sunday night a fire broke out at Waitui, Geraldine, the residence of Mr Angus Macdonald. It appears that at the back of the premises, close to the brick wall, some kerosene is kept in a large box, which had become thoroughly saturated with the inflammable material as well as the ground around it. Through some means or other the kerosene on the ground caught fire and burnt fiercely for some time. Fortunately the house is built of brick, and, more fortunate still, some of the members of the family had not retired to rest. Had the house been built of wood nothing could have saved the property from being totally destroyed.  

Timaru Herald, 25 March 1874, Page 3 Geraldine and Waihi Bush.
If any person who left this district about seven years ago were to return to it now, he would hold up his hands in astonishment at the change that has taken place in the general appearance of the country. Lands which at that time were covered with nothing but tussock, have been reclaimed, and brought under cultivation. Looking from Geraldine northward the whole country as far as the south bank of the Orari has this season been ploughed, sown, and reaped, and the pleasing result is now visible in the multitudinous stacks standing thickly around. At the time to which I referred above, nothing, comparatively, had been done beyond the Waihi Crossing. That township itself consisted of the Clarendon hotel what it is to-day, your readers know. The township of Geraldine was not of much greater extent; there was a church and two or three houses, one of which was, of course, an hotel. How different from the Geraldine of the present, with its three public houses of entertainment, its three churches, its school, its stores where the proverbial range of goods from a needle to an anchor is to be obtained, and its private dwellings of all classes from the mansion of the wealthy squatter, to the two-roomed wood-built cottage. What gave the first impetus to Geraldine was the steam saw mill which, about the time I speak of, was erected by Messrs McKissack and McKenzie, and for a considerable length of time carried on a thriving trade. The Waihi Bush was at that time a very "terra incognita." and a person taking up his abode there might reasonably have been regarded in the same light as the ancient eremites who made their dwellings in dens and caves of the earth. The place is, however, hastening on with rapid strides in pursuit of its elder sister township. There are two sawmills, belonging respectively to Messrs Taylor and Flatman and Messrs Webb and Perry. The former firm have opened a large store, and, I am credibly informed, are about to lay out a township, sections of which will be open for purchase very shortly. A blacksmith's shop is in course of erection, and there is a school with about thirty scholars, who are more happily situated than the children of Geraldine, in as much as they are not like them left as a flock without a shepherd. Neither is the accommodation of the public in the matter of nobblers, &c, unprovided for. The Sawyers' Arms has lately been opened, and this important event was celebrated on Thursday evening (12th inst) by a ball.

150 reasons to love Canterbury - Colonial sheep stations
Dotted throughout Canterbury are many examples of Victorian architecture. Our plains and hill country runs are an enduring legacy of pioneer days with many country houses made of kiln-fired bricks and native timber such as matai and kauri. Wisteria- draped verandas overlook large sweeping lawns, ornamental lakes and parks. Whole communities surrounded these homes such as the woolshed, smithy, stables, cook-house, chapel and flour mill. Fine examples of these buildings can be found at Longbeach. The 12,000-hectare bog drained to become "the most famous farm in the world" where in 1882 John Grigg, as chairman of the Canterbury Frozen Meat Company, helped organise the first export of refrigerated Canterbury lamb to Britain. Other wonderful stations include Coldstream,
Mount Peel, Orari Gorge and Snowdon where settlers lived in great tussock kingdoms far from civilisation. Now, more than ever, we value this hidden rural heritage of our region. V MALCOLMSON. [Blue Cliffs

Waitui in 2013.  The homestead built in 1861 was the first designed by Frederick Strouts is constructed in triple brick, and includes two reception rooms, formal dining room, five bedrooms and large kitchen. Native timbers throughout. Wide verandas on three sides with commanding views over the plains to the mountains. Originally the homestead was part of a 2,000ha farm.

B/W photo above taken by Charles Barker. The Waitui homestead on the Geraldine Downs in 2013 still has beautiful 150 year old trees around the lawn and down the drive and only 11ha with commanding views. Designed by Frederick Strouts in 1861. He also acted as supervising architect for the Acland homestead at Mount Peel station (1865), and was also favoured, in 1867, with the first of several major commissions for Robert Heaton Rhodes. He had studied architect in London. He arrived in New Zealand in 1859 on the Victory and set up business in Christchurch with his future brother-in-law James George Hawkes and set up business as 'Hawkes and Strouts', General Importers & Ironmongers, Architects, Surveyors & Land Agents'.  They were similar types of men: public spirited, good churchmen, good citizens. He married Charlotte Rosa Lock Sparshott on 30 April 1861, at the Church of St Michael and All Angels in Christchurch, Strouts and his family returned to England, in 1868, where Strouts was elected an associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Upon his return to New Zealand Strouts resumed his architectural practice. He became noted for his houses, which he designed for the elite of Canterbury. His designs include including the Jacobean 'Ivy Hall' (1878) at the then Lincoln Agricultural College, the Clock tower, and 'Otahuna' in 1895 for Rhodes. He died in Christchurch on 18 December 1919 at the age of 85.  Born in 1835. His wife came out on the Harwood 12.12.1860. How did he know Angus Macdonald? Probably through the minister L.L. Brown who came out on the ship Harwood with Strouts.  Strouts had a connection with the buildings he designed e.g. mason, church, church warden etc.

Panoramic photo taken by Robert Percy Moore in 1925. Pan-0037-F.

"R. P Moore Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library" "A.C. MacDonald Waitui 1925 ... Geraldine, Cant. 2 B & W." Photographer's title on negative "Waitui" 1925

January 2018 from Waitui Drive.

Ashburton Guardian, 29 February 1916, Page 7
At the sale of the Pakihi and Waitui lands on Tuesday at Temuka, in winding up the late Angus Macdonald's trusts, Mr Tripp who read the conditions of sale, mentioned that the Waitui lots comprised parts of three rural sections, for which he produced the original Crown grants—one to the late Angus Macdonald, of Orari, stockowner, for 20 acres, dated May, 1866; another to the late Alfred Cox, of Geraldine, dated November, 1865, also for 20 acres; and the third to the late Dr. Alfred Charles Barker, of Christchurch, surgeon, for 105 acres, dated June, 1862. All these sections were sold by the Crown at 10s per acre. The grants were signed by C. Davie and Thomas Cass as chief surveyors, Sir George Grey as Governor, William Guise Brittan as Commissioner of Crown Lands, and Charles C. Bowen signed the 1862 one as Land Registrar. The section granted to Dr. Barker includes the land on which the old Waitui homestead now stands.

From the Waitui Rd, Geraldine. Jan. 2018. Firey Peak to the left. Blue Mountain in the middle.

Star 22 July 1897, Page 2
Geraldine's oldest landmark was destroyed by fire at 2.30 o'clock yesterday morning. It was an old bark house erected in 1857 by Mr S. Hewlings, and was used originally as the head-quarters of the surveying operations from Rangitata to the Waitaki. The structure was formed of upright slabs and thatched with bark. Of late the property was in the hands of Mrs Angus Macdonald, and has not been occupied for a year or two. There was no insurance upon it, and the fire is believed to be the work of some person maliciously inclined, as it is the second instance of the kind that has occurred at Geraldine since Saturday last.

Ashburton Guardian, 4 October 1910, Page 2
Mrs Angus Macdonald, of Waitui, Geraldine, had a narrow escape from serious accident on Saturday evening when driving home with her daughter, Mrs Wordsworth. In turning a corner, the horse took the corner- too quickly, and Mrs Macdonald was thrown out on the roadway, the wheel of the gig passing over one of her arms. She was severely bruised, but no bones were broken.  

Ashburton Guardian, 22 November 1912, Page 8
IMPORTANT PROPERTY SALE. SUB DIVISION OF THE WELLKNOWN WAITUI ESTATE, Geraldine, South Canterbury. GUINNESS & LeCREN, LTD. in conjunction with DALGETY & CO.), have received instructions from the Trustees in the Estate of the late Angus Macdonald, to sell by PUBLIC AUCTION, at their LAND SALEROOMS, GERALDINE, on WEDNESDAY, 4th DECEMBER, 1912, At 2.30 p.m. 543 ACRES FREEHOLD, In the following lots:—

Lot 	Acres Roods 
1 	53 	1 
2 	86 	0 
3 	40 	1 
4 	15 	2 
5 	61 	0 
6 	39 	0 
7 	84 	3 
8 	19 	0 
9      100	1* Homestead Block
10 	22 	1 
11 	22 	2 
12 	22 	3 
13 	 8 	0 
14 	l8 	2  

Areas subject to alteration on completion of survey. WAITUI is too well-known to require a prolonged description here. It is all good dairying country, and being situated practically adjoining the Township of Geraldine, is eminently suited for Residential purposes, and commands the Grandest Views in New Zealand. Possession 11th DECEMBER, 1912. For fuller particulars, apply to the solicitors, Messrs TRIPP & ROLLESTON, or to the auctioneers, DALGETY & CO., GUINNESS & LECREN, LTD.

Press, 6 December 1912, Page 9
An important property sale was held on Wednesday afternoon at Geraldine, when Messrs Guinness and Le Cren, in conjunction with Messrs Dalgety and Co., offered at auction the well-known property of Waitui, the estate of the late Mr Angus Macdonald. A large number of people from all parts of the district attended, but the bidding was slow, and every lot offered failed to bring the reserve price.

Ashburton Guardian, 11 January 1913, Page 7
Messrs Guinness and LeCren, Ltd., Geraldine, report the following sales:—, On account of Mr B. J. Hall, Mayfield, his grazing farm of 600 acres (freehold), with 50 acres leasehold, to Mr R. Morrison, junr., Geraldine: on account of Mr C. J. LeCren, Geraldine, his freehold farm, Carew, comprising 640 acres, to Mr Charles, Jaine, Ruapuna, and his goodwill, of 1 188 acres leasehold at Carew, to.-Messrs 'Barton Bros. and on account of the Trustees of the late Mrs Angus Mac Donald, the greater part of the Waitui Estate, Geraldine, to Mr A. G. MacDonald.

Timaru Herald, 21 October 1891, Page 3 Before His Honour Judge Ward - CIVIL Case.
W.C. Smith and G.J. Dennistoun, as executors of the late Angus Macdonald, vs Patrick McCarthy, claim £29 19s. Mr Perry with him Mr Kinnerney for plaintiffs' Mr Raymond for defendants. This case was heard before the following jury W. B. Border, G.H.O. Clark, S.H. Davies and T. Foden. The short facts of the plaintiff's case a stated by Mr Perry to the jury were as follows : — Plaintiffs as exceutors of the late Angus Macdonald, with Mr Henry Ford us their manager, hold an estate on the Orari of about 5500 acres freehold and 3115 acres leasehold (the remnant of the old run), this portion being still in tussock. The defendant owns 100 acres adjoining the leasehold, and adjoining his land is a 50 acre section, R.S 32331, belonging to Mr Furby. This section is in tussock, unfenced, and the plaintiffs sheep had been all along accustomed to feed on it, and neither the plaintiffs nor their manager had ever received notice from anyone that their sheep were no longer at liberty to run there. On the 21st September Mr Ford was at Temuka and was there informed by telegram that 370 of his sheep were in the pound at Geraldine. He went up to Geraldine late the same night, and paid the fees demanded, under protest and arranged to get the sheep out early next day. When Mr Ford saw the sheep in the pound next morning he saw at once that they had been very much overdriven. He was told they had been impounded by McCarthy, and later on he ascertained they were impounded from Furby's unfenced section. The defendant had driven these sheep, heavy in lamb, so badly and so carelessly that 18 of them died and the rest of them were deteriorated in value; 16 of them dropped before they had gone three-quarters of a mile from the pound, and soon afterwards several others dropped, two of which died. The plaintiffs therefore claimed from defendant, the value of 18 sheep at 8s, £7 4s; injury to 852 others at 1s, £17 12s; paid for feed in pound, £4 3s; and driving fees, £1 total, £29 19s. Defendant undertook to justify his position, to show that he had some right over Mr Furby's 50 acre section. If he had no right over that section he had no right to impound sheep from it. Assuming that defendant had a right to impound them, then it was his duty as well us anybody's duty, to do it properly, and with, ewes in lamb to drive them with the utmost care to avoid injuring them. Evidence would be given that the sheep were well treated whilst in the pound, and the jury would be asked to conclude that the sheep were injured in driving them to the pound. It was an extraordinary course that defendant adopted in any case, as the law permitted him to impound sheep on his own place and give notice to the owners, and in this case Mr Ford lived only 2½ miles from defendant's land. That was the course any reasonable man would have taken, when ewes in lamb, were in question, instead of driving them 10 or 11 miles to the pound, and driving them so badly as to kill 18 of them.
    The first witness was the plaintiffs' manager, who in the course of his evidence said that immediately he started to get the sheep out of the pound he saw they had been over driven and said so to the poundkeeper. Five or six dropped quite near the pound, and he then asked Herlihy the poundkeeper to get a cart to pick up all that dropped in the town, as they could not be left in the street. Sixteen fell, and were carted back, before he; got to the stone bridge— about ¼ of a mile. Thirteen other dropped between Geraldine and Orari and he lifted them over the fences into farmers' paddocks; and five others were only got to the Orari, about 7 miles, with great difficulty. When told by the poundkeeper that the sheep were impounded by McCarthy, he supposed they were taken from his own fenced section, and he sent a man round to see where they had got in, but he found the fence nowhere broken down. Some days later he saw McCarthy, who pointed, in the direction of the run, said he impounded them from there, and then walked off. Of the 16 sheep carted back by the poundkeeper 13 were dead, and also 4 of those that dropped later, and 1 that reached Orari station. They were worth at least 8s each, and 1s each was reasonable estimate of the injury to the mob.
    To Mr Raymond: Had no permission from Mr Furby for the sheep to run on his section; they could not help it as the section was unfenced. Once before defendant impounded some wethers from his fenced section, and on another occasion turned some out on the run. Told defendant he would repair the fence if the sheep broke it, but told him the sheep had not broken it. The witness said he took them as slowly as he could, but not no slowly as he wished, 113 there were about a dozen of a neighbour's dry hoggets in the lot and they would go ahead. He had a very good dog. The poundkeeper, referring to the way the sheep were brought to the pound, said he had never seen such a disgraceful thing before.
    John Murray, manager of the Orari estate, J. Airay and W. McCully, experienced shepherds, said that the journey to the pound would not have injured the sheep if they had been properly driven. They ought to have been taken by the coach road, not by Postlethwaite's road, so as to avoid unbridged creeks. Mr Ford admitted he took them seven miles in four hours), but McCully said the most, ignorant man could not have knocked up sheep, in  good condition, so that sixteen should drop within three quarters of a mile. At this stage the court adjourned for lunch.
On resuming, James Wilkinson and William Hawke, farmers, gave similar evidence.
James Robertson, groom to Mrs Macdonald, Waitui, fetched in a cart the sheep picked up by the poundkeeper the same day. Three were already dead, and 12 of the others were so bad that he believed they could not live and he was told to kill them. 
T. Herlihy, poundkeeper, produced his pound book and gave evidence there from.  Mr Ford took them away at daybreak. Assisted him to take them through the town, about a mile and a quarter. The sheep soon began to flag, and six or seven of them dropped within 10 chains of the pound. On going back put, them, in safe keeping until he sent word to Mrs Macdonald to fetch them. Mr Ford had one dog, Mr McCarthy had two.  Had some trouble in getting some sheep out of the back yards, and it was supposed it was through the dim light. They seemed quite stupid.  Half were got out first and they cleared away seven or eight chains and the dog fetched thorn back. It was a general purposes dog, "a jolly good dog"; but it was not a leading dog, it only headed and stopped them. As soon as they started to drive the sheep they began to drop.
    A. E. Cox, stock agent, said that it would be most prudent to take such sheep by the Coach road. The creeks on Postlothwaite's road had been dry, but thought they were full on the day named.
W. O. Furby, carpenter, Timaru, was owner of an unfenced 50 acre section adjoining defendant's land. Defendant wrote to him five or six weeks ago, about leasing the section. He wrote that the sheep were getting on the land again, and offering him £1 a year for the use of his section.
Patrick McCarthy, defendant, produced his title to his land. He does not live on it, but was camped there, ploughing, on the 21st. The fence between his and Furby's land was a double sod wall and three wires. Had constant trouble with plaintiffs sheep breaking the fence and getting into his turnips. Had no trouble with Mr Murray: Mr Murray was always ready to keep up his fences.

Timaru Herald, 3 October 1873, Page 3
Effects of Intemperance. Another of those warnings of late unhappily so prevalent has again occurred in the case of Owen Williams, on whose body an inquest was held at Geraldine last Monday. 'Old Owen,' the name Williams familiarly went by, was when out of liquor a most decent respectable man, but the brandy bottle was his bane, and now alas the leading cause of his death. In his younger days Owen served on board a man-of-war, the discipline of which no doubt gave him those habits of tidiness for which the old man was noted. For the last few years Williams has been in the employ of Mr Angus Macdonald of Waitui, engaged chiefly in bush work.

"R P Moore Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library" 1923-1928
Looking over a stretch of water and plants at Orari Station. A weeping willow to the right. The double-eaved wooden house obscured by trees. Guyon Macdonald who established an impressive Japanese garden at Orari had actually visited Japan in 1910.  Orari Estate has been in Macdonald family since the time of the first settlers, with trees planted back in the 1850s providing a mature woodland. The homestead was built in 1912 with a 2ha (5 acre garden); a pink kalmia from that era still thrives, with a pear orchard, nut walk, and original main lawn. Sycamores are being progressively culled to open up the woodland. Predominant
spring features are the rhododendrons, then in summer (mid December) cardiocrinum lilies bloom with perennials including irises, delphiniums and groundcovers such as ajuga. A dozen different magnolias announce the arrival of spring, followed by camellias, mollis azaleas, the rhododendrons, a michelia and a spectacular kowhai. Two creeks flow through the property, one dammed to create a pond which is enjoyed by a white swan. Bridges cross the creeks, edged with pink primulas, ligularias and yellow Kingcup calthas. An old water-race now forms a pathway and drifts of blue forget-me-nots carpet the ground under mature conifers, including an unusual weeping Douglas fir. In autumn the deciduous trees and azaleas feature, while winter highlights the structure of the trees and the garden. Sometimes there is a fund raiser - a garden ramble at historic Orari Estate in December when the lilies are blooming. Peacocks are an additional attraction.   

Timaru Herald, 16 July 1908, Page 6 HUNTING.
Pakihi meet of the hounds on Monday last. Although the attendance was less than is usual at this popular fixture and hares were as has been frequently the case of late, a little too numerous, the hunting by the hounds, left little to be desired in other respects, and and its close those who were present congratulated themselves in having braved the somewhat adverse weather conditions. As it was the sun shone out brightly and the fences being mainly wire, both the take off and landing sides were quite thawed towards mid-day, hence the frost was not responsible for many mishaps, wire however taking its usual toll in the shape of a few empty saddles. The Hunt was entertained to lunch by Mrs B. R. Macdonald and Mrs J. Rolleston, with their accustomed liberally. Among the following were Mrs A. Elworthy on Swagger, Mrs H. Elworthy on Dugald, Miss Geraldine Macdonald on Black Prince, Miss J. Hislop on Lassie, Mr H. Elworthy, acting-Master and hunting the hounds on Brisk, Mr Charles Miller (whipping) on Kauri, Dr Hislop on Takata, Messrs H. Williams on Gold Top, J. Rolleston on Bill Bailey, J. Macdonald on Rainbow, W. Macdonald on a chestnut colt, Coll on Gambler, R. Orton on Larry, B. R. Macdonald on Agitator, A. G. Macdonald on No. 9, J. Hislop on Maori, J. Denniston on Shirley, Russell on Kanaki, Reid on a black, R. Barker on Nellie Grey, Wareing on Derelict, Ashwell on Clarissa, Coulter on Tom, McMahon on Paddy, Moore on Fanny, Stirner on Peggy, J. McMillan on Kildare, Payne on a bay. Among those driving were Miss Williams, Mrs B.R. Macdonald, Mr Davis and others.

An old weathered board woolshed the heavy sliding door and the obligatory red oxide paint which acts as a timber preservative and gives the structure a mellow rural hue and the painted corrugated iron roof.
Red Lead Oxide was a primer/rust preventer! Farmers had 5 gallon tins of the stuff in there sheds. Red was used on most old wooden woolsheds in New Zealand because the red pigment was cheap and easy to mix with any oil for a base. This colour became known as barn-red. The traditional colours for corrugated irons roofs on homesteads was red, green, blue and grey.

Evening Post, 25 January 1937, Page 14
Marriage of Interest. The grounds at Orari Estate made a beautiful setting for a garden party on Thursday, when Mrs. Guyon Macdonald entertained a large number of friends in honour of Miss Ruth Barker, whose marriage to Mr. C. Burdon will take place next Wednesday, states the Christchurch "Press." Mrs. Macdonald was assisted by her daughter, Miss Margaret Macdonald. Afternoon tea was served in the grounds.  

Press, 21 January 1911, Page 7 ROSE PERGOLAS, ARCHES AND PILLARS.
Rose pergolas, arches, and pillars are to be soon in many gardens. This kind of decoration adds much to the beauty and furnishing of a garden. Rose pergolas are also valuable for garden furnishing. The writer saw in the Harden of Mr Guyon Macdonald, of Orari, what was perhaps the best pergola in the Dominion. Splendid growth had been made, and the whole structure was completely covered with the with best roses suited to that purpose. The best effect obtained by rose arches is to be seen in the garden of Mr A.E. G. Rhodes, Merivale. Hero Lady Gay, Hawartha, Dorothy Perkins, Crimson Rambler, and White Dorothy have done well, and have made a brilliant display. Next season they will be better.  

Ashburton Guardian, 19 March 1919, Page 2
Last Wednesday morning the pupils of the Ealing School, together with their teachers, parents and friends, journeyed by train to Orari, where the annual school picnic was held in the beautiful grounds of Mr Macdonald. The garden was ablaze with flowers and ornamental shrubs and the huge old trees afforded a kindly shelter, but it was the orchard, with its plentiful supply of apples, pears and nuts that added most to the enjoyment of the children. After lunch an hour was spent in the river-bed near by and the children thoroughly enjoyed a paddle in the clear, cool stream. Races were run and games indulged in until it was time for afternoon tea, after which the party assembled on the lawn, where the school prizes were presented to the children by Mrs Macdonald, each child receiving a book. Mr H. M. Jones's special prize for good conduct (boys) was won by Jack Simpson, and Mr. Wallace's special prize for good conduct (girls) by Isabelle Kirdy and Frances McGuigan. The Education Board's good attendance certificates were presented to Sinclair Wallace, Alex Blair, Donald Wallace and Ivy Montgomery. Mr Wallace asked the teacher, Miss Knox, to accept a silver-mounted purse of notes as a memento of the esteem and respect in which she is held in the district. Miss Knox thanked the people for their handsome gift. Cheers were given for Mr and Mrs Macdonald, who so kindly put their grounds at the disposal of the picnickers, and for the ladies who provided the refreshments. The picnickers then wended their way back to the Orari station to await the arrival of the evening train, and a most successful and enjoyable picnic was soon brought to a close.   

Other Macdonald's in the district

Hugh Fraser managed his own station “Black Forest.” The run was later managed by James Macdonald — better known as “Gentleman Jim.”
Tekapo Station was owned by Macpherson Brothers, who afterwards transferred it to Alfred Cox, who later transferred it to . his brother-in-law, J. A. Gammack.

Timaru Herald, 4 July 1878, Page 2 Marriage
Macdonald — Walsh— On the 26th June, at the Roman Catholic Chapel, Geraldine, Alexander Macdonald to Catherine Mary Walsh, both of Pleasant Valley.

Timaru Herald, 6 July 1897, Page 2
At Geraldine, on July 3rd, 1897, Allan Macdonald aged 62 years.

Timaru Herald, 6 July 1897, Page 4
Timaru Herald, 7 July 1897, Page 2 Inquest
Mr Allan Macdonald, of Woodbury, met with a fatal accident on Saturday evening. The deceased was in Timaru on Saturday, transacting some business at the sale, and went out by the afternoon train. At Orari he mounted his roan horse in the usual manner and went off in the direction of his home, via the Raukapuka road. After passing the Geraldine bridge, and at a bend before reaching the cross roads deceased's horse shied and threw the rider onto the back of his head on the hard formation. A young man named McPherson, who met Mr Macdonald riding, happened to turn back and saw the accident occur. He immediately returned and lifted deceased by the shoulders, but found him unable to speak. The daymen of the Road Board came along with their cart at this time on their way from work, and the body was taken to the Geraldine Hotel, where it was examined by Dr Hislop, who pronounced life to be extinct, death no doubt having been instantaneous. The body was later on in the evening taken to deceased's home at Woodbury, where an inquest was to have been held yesterday. Deceased leaves a number of grown-up sons and daughters, some of whom are married. He was a very old identity and was much respected by a great many people in South Canterbury.

Timaru Herald, 7 July 1897, Page 2 Inquest
An inquest was held at Geraldine on Monday before Major Moore, J.P., touching the death of Allan Macdonald, of Woodbury. The evidence showed that deceased was riding home from Orari, he having been in Timaru on Saturday, and a witness named Donald Macpherson, after meeting deceased on the road, turned to look after him, and saw the horse shy and throw him. Witness galloped back, and picked up deceased, who, however, never moved. A dray came along and deceased was taken to Geraldine. Dr Hislop testified that the base of the skull was fractured by the fall, and death must have been practically instantaneous. A verdict of accidental death was returned. Deceased was an old colonist, having come out in the Zealandia in 1859 [he was a shepherd age 31 from Ross], and he had been settled at Woodbury a great many years, where he was greatly liked and respected. He leaves a grown-up family of four sons and one daughter, one of the sons being Mr R. Macdonald of the Moa Cycle Works, Timaru. [died July 3rd 1897, buried at Geraldine, aged 62 years. Wife Christina, died 27 Nov. 1891 aged 51 years]
1870 Macdonald Ronald
1875 Macdonald John William
Donald Macdonald of Medbury (probably brother died 10 July 1941, aged 75, buried Geraldine, husband of Annie died July 6th 1936 aged 63)
Alexander Allan of Waikari

New Zealand Herald, 8 April 1919, Page 1
MACDONALD — April 7 1919 at a private hospital. Auckland, Farquhar Macdonald, second son of the late Allan Macdonald [d. 3rd July 1897, aged 62] of Geraldine, Canterbury, in his 53rd year. Private interment. [born in 1866 to Christina and Allan McDonald]

[The Cyclopedia of New Zealand 1903
Macdonald, Donald, Sheepfarmer, Riverslea Estate, Medbury. Mr. Macdonald was born on the banks of the Hinds River in 1864, was educated at the Timaru High School, and resided at Geraldine until he sold “Riverslea” in 1896. It was originally part of the famous Horsley Down Estate and comprises about 1,100 acres of rich agricultural and pastoral land, nearly all drained and in grass. The improvements include ten miles of netting and wire-fencing, seventeen watered paddocks, a ten-roomed house, a stable, woolshed, men's huts, etc. The running stock consists of 3000 sheep and seventy head of cattle. Mr. Macdonald has served on the school and church committees.] [Riverlea had 1057 acres, 2 miles from the Medbury railway station, Donald sold it in 1902]

Alexander ALLAN (1846-06) was born in Dunbartonshire, Scotland and was educated in the parish of Cumbernauld. He was brought up on hi father's farm and came on in the Crusader in 1874. He was agricultural manager of Horsley Down for three years and had the same job at Albury Station. He had 640 acres of leasehold near Geraldine for a short time and then 181 acres of glenmark. He later added a further 1350 acres to it. His farm was known as Rockvale. Married 28 August 1885 Maggie daughter of Allan Mcdonald of Woodlands, Geraldine. Had 3 sons and 2 daughters. he died at Rockdale 27 Dec. 1906 aged 59. [Macdonald Dictionarty -The Cyclopedia of New Zealand 1903]

Timaru Herald 29 December 1906 Page 5
Mr Alexander Allan, a Waikari farmer who died suddenly of heart disease at the Hawarden stock sale on Thursday, was at one time manager of the Albury estate. Later on he owned a property at Geraldine, where in 1885 he married a Miss McDonald. [Margaret McDonald married Alex Main Allan in 1885]
Children of Maggie and Alexander ALLAN:
1886 Allan Euphemia Christina
1888 Allan Maggie Macdonald
1890 Allan Allan Thomas
1895 Allan John Alexander McDonald
1897 Allan Alexander Donald

Timaru Herald 19 August 1903 Page 2 [Died 12th August 1903 Angus Macdonald 64Y]
Our Peel Forest correspondent writes :— Mr Angus McDonald, who died last week, was for very many years Mr Dugald Macfarlane's gardener on the Albury Estate, and to him is largely due the success of the valuable and excellently beautiful plantations on that settlement. Mr McDonald was a man that never feared tackling a big job, and was most indefatigable and honest in all he undertook.

Ashburton Guardian, 16 August 1912, Page 5
This week a large transaction in land has been brought to a completion through the agency of the New Zealand Farmers' Co-operative Association, Mr Donald Macdonald, of Ashburton, having exchanged his well-known New Park farm, being a portion of the original Longbeach Estate, for Mr Shipley's Glenlee Station," situated at Blenheim. The "Glenlee" station comprises 14,000 acres of freehold, and 16 000 acres of leasehold, which runs about 10,000 sheep, mostly merinos and halfbreds. The total figures of the transaction amounted to close upon £50,000.

Press, 12 October 1907, Page 10
Dalgety and Company, Ltd., report the sale, on account of Mr C. de V. Teschemaker Shute, of the Glenlee station, Awatere Valley, Marlborough, comprising 13,600 acres freehold and 15,500 acres leasehold with 8500 sheep, as a going concern, for delivery after shearing, to Mr William Shipley, of Greendale, Canterbury, at a satisfactory figure.

Press, 6 July 1897, Page 6
Mr Allan Macdonald, of Woodbury, who was returning from Timaru on Saturday, about 5 p.m., met with a fatal accident while riding from the Orari railway station to his home. About a mile beyond Geraldine his horse swerved and threw the rider on the back of his head on the hard metalled road, death being instantaneous. Deceased was brought to Geraldine and examined by Dr. Hislop, and afterwards removed to Woodbury. He was a well-to-do sheep farmer and had been in the district for thirty-seven years, being widely known and respected. An inquest was held yesterday, at Woodbury, when a verdict of accidental death was returned.  [Died 3 July 1897 aged 62. Buried Geraldine. Wife Christina died 27 Nov. 1891 aged 51 ]

Timaru Herald, 7 July 1897, Page 2
An inquest was held at Geraldine on Monday before Major Moore, J.P., touching the death of Allan Macdonald, of Woodbury. The evidence showed that deceased was riding home from Orari, he having been in Timaru. on Saturday, and a witness named Donald Macpherson, after meeting deceased on the road, turned to look after him, and saw the horse shy and throw him. Witness galloped back, and picked up deceased, who, however, never moved. A dray came along and deceased was taken to Geraldine. Dr Hislop testified that the base of the skull was fractured by the fall, and death must have been practically instantaneous. A verdict of accidental death was returned. Deceased was an old colonist, having come out in the Zealandia in 1859, and he had been settled at Woodbury a great many years, where he was greatly liked and respected. He leaves a grown-up family of four sons and one daughter, one of the sons being Mr R. Macdonald of the Moa Cycle Works, Timaru.   

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project

Where everyone is perfectly marvellous and so on there was never a fully functioning family, it will never be fully functioning family, it will never happen in any civillisation on earth, if something bad happens there is no point wishing it not happened, the only option is to mimmisie the damage.

Skeleton in the closet or skeleton in the cupboard is a colloquial phrase and idiom used to describe an undisclosed fact about someone which, if revealed, would damage perceptions of the person.
    Skeletons in the closet means secrets and several other past memories that you prefer not to talk about with anyone else. "The plot deepens. You never know what you will unearth!" Some take family genealogy secrets to the grave. Even on their death bed they don't let out the secret.
However, "skeletal" moments don't just have to do with only dark pasts. It can also be about embarrassing moments you've had that you simply feel too awful to speak of.

A black sheep means a member of a family or group who is regarded as a disgrace to them, "the black sheep of the family."