All in a day’s work - handy dogs & huntaways in South Canterbury, New Zealand

Written on back of photo was "John's favourite dog lost with him in avalanche"

There was a farm dog called "Please" because the farmer wanted to sound polite when yelling at him to "get in behind, Please!" and another dog named "Help."

The first dog trails | The Mackenzie Collie Dog Club | Glossary | Early settlers dogs | All in a day's work | McKenzie | A.B. Smith

The collie was raised originally in Scotland for herding sheep and introduced into New Zealand in the 1840s -1900s by Highland shepherds. The most common colour for a collie is black with or without the traditional white blaze, collar, stocking and tail tip, with or without tan points. Body colour can be solid, bi-colour, tri-colour and sable with all the traditional markings. Never all white. They can be either a long haired collie (rough collie) (a long thick straight coat) or a short haired smooth coated collie with a short hard flat coat. They have a long narrow muzzle. To judge a collie by his looks is simply absurd. He could be a sheep worrier or a perfect cur. It is well known fact that very often the ugliest and shaggiest dog is proved to be the best. They have instinct, loyalty, hardiness, courage, stock-handling skills and are built for sustained hill work. A good dog has the natural ability to read and handle the stock. We call them collies not border collies. Collie types work silently and low to the ground, using the power of their eyes to control the sheep and were generally known as ‘eye’ dogs. The sheep dog trails have kept their original character as tests of practical shepherding, the task set shepherd and dog being similar to those they meet in every-day work. The trial grounds are usually located where steep hill acres meet convenient flat land e.g. The Brother's opposite Albury, Burkes Pass, "Courbra", Clayton Settlement, Fairlie, Gapes Valley, Geraldine and Waihi Gorge near Geraldine use drysdales.  History.

Balmoral Station up Braemar Rd hosted the 125th Mackenzie Collie Dog Trails in March 2015. The Farmlander Feb. 2015.

Collie Dog Trails: Great to watch. This is a growing sport in New Zealand. Use to be held at Burke's Pass. Can be seen at the Mackenzie A&P Show in Fairlie on Easter Monday or the Yarding Challenge at the Ashburton Show last weekend in October. National dog trial championships are held annually in May in NZ, with about 250 competitors including half a dozen women, "It is better than sitting in the certainly see a lot of the countryside."  The New Zealand Championships are held in each island alternately. The South Island Dog Trial Championships were held at Waihi Station, Geraldine in early May 2009 and May 2014. Events include the straight hunt, the long pull, etc. The "Long Pull" refers to the dog trial where three sheep are released out of a pen, probably two or three hundred metres away, and the heading eye dog is directed out to bring them between a succession of markers towards his master who is standing in a designated area from which he must not leave. The dog must be controlled to bring the sheep between the markers and eventually put in a pen at which stage the dog's master can leave his before mentioned area to open the pen to which he must hold the gate until the sheep have been penned. At the dog trials at Burke's Pass whenever the Long Pull is being contested, the sheep are released at the top of a hill so the event can be easily seen by the judges and spectators alike. The pen, where the sheep are to be yarded, is on the flat. The aim for any triallist was to win a New Zealand title. Trialling can be an extension of a farmer's daily work. The dogs are loyal and very good at work.

Timaru Herald 06/08/2014 Roughcoat
Smooth and border collies are South Canterbury's most common breeds of dog. South Canterbury bucks national norms because New Zealand's most popular breed, the Labrador retriever, is in second place locally. More than 2000 smooth and border collies are registered in South Canterbury, compared to just over 1000 Labrador retrievers. The registration figures also appear to reveal a rural-urban divide, with the Labrador the most popular breed in the largely urban Timaru district, and collies topping dog counts in the Waimate and Mackenzie Districts. Huntaway dogs were the second most popular dogs in the latter districts. Huntaway dogs had been specially bred for working livestock with noise and were effective on larger farms. Collies tended to be preferred on smaller farms because they were less boisterous by nature.

A strong eye dog moving slowly closer to the sheep. Ashburton Show, 1st Nov. 2009
The sheep make a difference to the outcome of the event. A low set tail or at least a tail held low when working is desired in a working dog. A semi-prick or tulip ear. This is a small triangular ear with enough stiffness to be raised above the dog's head but in which the top  1/3rd falls forward.

2012- Bully, 6 years old, from Fairlie, zig zag hunt

The Star
, Dec. 12, 1874
"The puppy in the dark
Will start at crickets chirping
But when we hear the old dog bark
We know there's something stirring."

Dog trialling for 64 straight years at A & P Show  By Rhonda Markby - The Timaru Herald  11 April 2009 - photo
Alister McKenzie will be dog trialling at the Mackenzie A & show on Monday for the 64th successive year with him will be 3-year-old Pete. For him that is where it all started. The 86-year-old retired Cannington farmer was only 22 when he and Mist went to the show for the first time. And he just keeps going back. Just because he no longer farms and doesn't need dogs, hasn't stopped Mr McKenzie competing at the show. There's been the Bens, the Glens, Cloud, Mist and Rose, but come Monday it will be 3½ year-old Pete that's in the ring with him. Mr McKenzie quips about their combination "an old man and a town dog" and always asks the judge if there is any concession for such a pairing. Pete might be a town dog, but he is a town dog with very good trialling parentage. For the last 30 years Mr McKenzie has been breeding his dogs with those of New Zealand dog trial championship winner Ginger Anderson, of Omarama. While some might think dog trialling is all about training, Mr McKenzie is adamant the dog's lineage makes all the difference - with a dog's temperament counting for 60 per cent and its training making up the remaining 40 per cent. In the past there have been the pups he knew just didn't have the trialling temperament, so instead, they were trained as working dogs. He's had his share of winners. Twice Mr McKenzie was selected as one of the two South Island competitors to take part in the Tux dog trial event at Auckland's Easter show. But he was always home in time to go to Fairlie on Easter Monday. Ask him about the language needed to work a dog, and he quickly points out swearing will see a competitor disqualified in competition. He doesn't believe there is any need for uncouth language to get the best out of a dog. Quiet commands are all his dogs need. When you see the way Pete looks at his master it probably comes as no surprise that Mr McKenzie tells you there is no need to hit a dog either. For Pete, being a town farm dog means walks around Geraldine twice a day and during trialling season there's also the sheep in a couple of nearby paddocks to be worked. The pair compete about eight times during the trialling season. Believing the best training for any trial dog is everyday farm work, Mr McKenzie also goes to his son's farm periodically to work the sheep. It's also good socialising for Pete to spend time with the other farm dogs. The pair have had their share of successes, but as Mr McKenzie is quick to point out, on the day, the sheep can have a major influence on the result. With Monday marking Mr McKenzie's 64th year competing at Fairlie, it begs the question of how much longer he plans to stick to his Easter Monday ritual. The answer is simple. He doesn't plan to train another dog, but then dogs usually trial until they're about 10 meaning come Easter Monday 2013 a 90-year-old dog triallist called McKenzie could be Fairlie-bound.

Timaru Courier pre May 2012 Triallists would also be competing for the former Timaru A and P Association’s trophies for best maiden and best open dogs.
The Kinnoull Trophy for the open winner was donated in 1928 and the Billy Husband Trophy for the maiden winner was donated in 1979. Alistair McKenzie and Neville Briggs, both of South Canterbury, were made life members of the Timaru A and P Association before it merged with the Waimate association. Mr McKenzie won the Kinnoull Trophy for the first time in 1948 and Mr Briggs won it for the first time in 1966 and several times since. Both men are still competing. The Yard Dog Competition is a popular spectator event and differs from traditional trials. It takes place on flat ground and on a course laid out in a small arena. The dog must drive sheep through several obstacles and gates, eventually penning the sheep in a small yard. The first two obstacles are basically run under New Zealand rules and the next two obstacles and the pen are run under Australian rules. Mr Campbell said the Levels Valley competition, while not part of the official yard dog series, provided an excellent practice ground for those competitors wanting to enter the upcoming Ashburton Tux New Zealand Yarding Challenge on October 28 and 29. The judges would be evaluating competitors along the same lines as the official yarding challenge rules. Four Tux Yarding Challenge competitions are held in the South Island through the year — in Blenheim, Ashburton, Gore and at the Salvation Army’s Jeff Farm, between Mataura and Clinton, which will host this year’s New Zealand final in January. Mr Campbell said there would be a barbecue lunch provided at the Levels Valley trials at 12.30pm for a small cost and hot water would also be available.

Timaru Courier Thursday March 28 2013 pg63
Alister McKenzie of Geraldine and his dog Pete turn in the sheep ready for the run to the next hurdle at dog trails at the levels Collie Club in 2007. This Easter marks Mr McKenzie's 67th consecutive appearance at the Mackenzie Highland A & P Show dog trails. Mr McKenzie's attendence record will be officially acknowledged at this years' show on Easter Monday. 

South Canterbury Herald 10/10/2013 No slowing down for triallist
Alister McKenzie, 90, is not letting age get in the way of one of his favourite pastimes, training his sheep dogs. Mr McKenzie was introduced to dog trials when he was a member of the Cannington Young Farmers' Club. Since then Mr McKenzie has competed with his heading dogs regularly at shows and most recently put on a dog trial display during the Geraldine Museum's garden walk fundraiser. Mr McKenzie said the key to his own success was patience and kindness. He said it can take up to 18 months to train a dog, depending on the dog and how much time the trainer has got to spend with it. The sport has grown in popularity over the years, with no threat of it dying out any time soon, he said. "When I started dog trialling, if they got 30 dogs at a trial they were quite happy. Now some of the trials get over 100. It's very, very strong." "It's a sport you can keep doing til old age.

ODT Fri, 21 Mar 2014
Two hot, dusty Mackenzie Country big sky days and some single-minded merinos put dogs and their owners to the test, at the recent Canterbury Sheep Dog Trial Association Centre Championships. The CRT Farmlands Canterbury Centre Championships were held in conjunction with the Mackenzie Collie Dog Club trials at Balmoral Station, near Tekapo. Canterbury Sheep Dog Trial Association president said there had been good entries from ''right around the region'' with about 130 dogs taking part in each event. There were 18 sheep dog trial clubs in Canterbury and the Canterbury Centre trials were last hosted by the Mackenzie Club about 24 years ago. Some North Otago dogs had also entered to build up qualifying points ahead of the Tux South Island and New Zealand Championships - this year hosted by the Canterbury centre at Waihi Gorge, near Geraldine. The trials had been ''well-supported'' by local businesses. The Mackenzie Club had many willing volunteers from nearby stations, who had worked to make the event a success. They had not only helped with administration, the catering and working the sheep but some had also taken time out to compete. The sheep were provided by the Simpson family. Tended to be a male-dominated sport.

ODT 4 Apr 2014
Not every club could host such an event; it was not always easy to find willing landowners, some places struggled to get enough sheep and each course had to meet stringent standards before a club was selected as host, he said. New judges' boxes and sheds had been built, slipping pens had been restored and other significant maintenance carried out since the Islands were hosted there. Geraldine was a ''great district and community'' club. ''People just turn up to help,'' Mev King said. Activities were planned for those not competing. Two North Island judges and two from the South Island would judge the four events that make up the competition. huntaway. To qualify for entry to the championships, dogs must have gained six qualification points in 2014. The Waihi Station, Woodbury Rd., not only provide the venue but the 1000 sheep needed for each event - no sheep can be used twice - and Drysdales made worthy opponents. ''Success all comes down to the sheep you draw on the day.''

Timaru Herald 29/05/2014 Still keen to see who's top dog, 'I can't give it up'
Peter Boys has been dog trialling for 50 years and he is still going strong. Timaru man Boys has been competing for as long as he can remember and he does not have any plans to quit soon. "I am going to compete for as long as I can - I still have about 10 years left in me," he said, as he finished his turn in this year's New Zealand and South Island Sheep Dog Trials Championships, at Waihi Station near Geraldine. Boys' dog, 4-year-old Jem, is not quite as old a hand at the championships as her owner, and according to Boys, she has maybe another six years of participating in these events. "She took part in the Huntaway event and she performed well," Boys said. His participation in the championships year after year comes from his sheer love of the sport. "I can't give it up. I love my dogs and this keeps me in touch with good people. You can be the owner, trainer, and breeder, and it can be incorporated in your farm work!" The championships have not changed much over the 50 years he has been participating, Boys said. "The entries are larger and the overall standard is very high. But the top dog 50 years ago would still be top dog today. Back in my days, you had to work out coaching yourself. These days, the competitors give you tips if you ask for them." More women are taking part in the championships and Boys believes it's because the roles women play have changed over the years. "Women, 50 years ago, stayed at home and cooked and cleaned, now they are out there, doing the same jobs men do."

Ashburton Show, 1st Nov. 2009, The long pull.
... then there are the sheep. We've all seen belligerent sheep that have squared up to a dog, or just refused to run through a gate.

Timaru Courier pre April 2012 GONE TO THE DOGS
Addicted to the dog trialling life
GERALDINE dog trialling enthusiast Alister McKenzie (84) says “dog trialling is about the only sport you can start when you are nine and keep doing until you are 90”. Mr McKenzie started dog trialling when he was 23 and hoped to “carry on for a few years yet”. A highlight has been competing at the Mackenzie Highland A&P Show since 1946, and he is looking forward to this year’s show at Easter. “I have not missed one yet,” Mr McKenzie said. Although Mr McKenzie has retired from farming and moved to town, he still has a dog, Pete, with which he regularly trains and competes. Mr McKenzie tried to give Pete practice at least once a week with sheep on his son’s farm at Montalto and sometimes they “worked a few sheep” at a friend’s nearby property. Because he is not allowed to let Pete run free in town, Mr McKenzie has adapted his training methods to suit his urban surroundings. “I take Pete for a walk on a lead twice a day and we go out into the country where I let him off the lead for a run,” Mr McKenzie said. He said many people who lived in town had trouble with their dogs because they did not put enough effort into training them. “It’s a matter of spending time with your dog. They are like children and you have got to keep them occupied otherwise they get bored.” Although he liked to breed his own dogs, living in town had restricted Mr McKenzie’s ability to breed pups, so he bought Pete from the Anderson family at Omarama. “I have had Pete since he was a pup. A lot of people go and spend a lot of money on a trained dog. “But I am not interested in buying a fully-trained dog. The enjoyment in it for me is in training a young dog.” Mr McKenzie did not believe in hitting dogs and although he had owned Pete for three years, he had never smacked him. “Sometimes you might have to give him a tap, say, if you have a dog that keeps walking in front of you. Giving him a tap on the nose with a thin twig with plenty of leaves on it encourages him to walk behind you. “A plastic bag is good as well, because it makes a noise. It’s the noise, not the tap, that works.”  He has had considerable success dog trialling during the past 60 years, including winning a silver medal at the Mayfield show. He has also competed at the Royal Easter Show in Auckland. “Now I am older, I don’t win as much as I used to, but it doesn’t matter at my age, as long as you can take part is the main thing. “I enjoy being out in the paddock training a dog when I should probably be doing things around the house. “It’s like a drug. You become addicted.” Mr McKenzie has judged at most of the show trials between Oamaru and Ashburton and many club trials. Dog trialling is becoming more popular, Mr McKenzie said, and the standard of competition had improved since he had started. “The first trial I went to was at Mt Nessing and there were 30 dogs entered. Now there are more than a 100. “The standard is so high now there is no room for mistakes.” Mr McKenzie said he enjoyed the company of the other competitors and challenge of training and trialling.  

Ashburton Courier Thursday, March 21, 2013
Up a thin road where the dogs run by John Keast
Steep­sided hills flank the thin shingle road that runs into Waihi Station, inland from Geraldine. This is the property of Archie Reid, long the host of the Geraldine Collie Dog Club. He was there on Friday, as ever, as the trialists and officials rolled in. The first door open the secretary’s hut just after 6.30am. This is the 94th event for the Geraldine club, and trial headquarters are on flat grassy land down a the gentle dip off the road that runs up the gut of the gorge. There is a central shed for food and drink ­ Geraldine women were on catering duty to support Geraldine High School netball ­ the secretary’s shed, and toilets. The judges have their own little sheds closer to the action. A generator provides electricity. Up from the grassy dip is steep­rising land punctuated by volcanic rock, and it is here that trialists sent out heading dogs for the short head and yard event. The object, here, is to bring down a small group of sheep from the top and yard them. It does not always go well, and you can’t always blame the dog. Further up the road is the venue for the hunt events. Barrel­chested huntaways feature here. As the North Island and much of the South burns up, there is no drought here. The foothills station had 20mm of rain last week, and the flat country and the rock­flecked hills are green. The courses look good. May next. the Waihi Station will host the New Zealand event. It will run for a week, and bring in many trialists and even more dogs. ‘‘We’ve had the tracks upgraded with access to all the hunt courses and we’ve had a lot of sponsorship, Hobbs and Banks Transport and Bruce Rogers Shearing. It’s fantastic that the community is getting right behind it the event. It’ll be big for the district. Trialists would come from Kaitaia to Bluff’’. Each president serves for two years. There is strong camaraderie among the trialists. They know each other, each other’s dogs, and they gather in small groups, leaning on hill sticks, to watch the runs. There were 30­odd vehicles at the short head event on Friday. In May next year, there will be many more up the skinny road to Waihi.

The Timaru Courier, March 14, 2019 pg 17. John Keast. Dog trails celebrate club's centenary.
They tell a good story at the Geraldine dog trails - like the one about the bellbird and the confused dog. The bellbird is significant because at the trails' home, Waihi Gorge Station, there are patches of native bush adored by the bellbird. The dog's owner had a terrible run, with scattered sheep and the dog not doing what it was told. When he came off he was said to have blamed the bellbirds for confusing the dog.
    Mr Brown, of Grapes Valley, near Geraldine, has been competing in the trails since the 1960s, when the trails were held at another ground. They have been run at Waihi since the 1970s. Mr Brown said that knowledge was shared more freely now than it used to be. Mr Brown has hill on his property - ideal for training dogs. He said special dog did not come along that often. "You might get one special dog every 10 years or one after the other. Genetics play a part. You can't make something out of a dog that doesn't have it. They have to want to work, to please." Mr Brown is a member of the Hilton club, and it works in with the Geraldine club. "We help them and they help us." The Geraldine Collie Dog Club has hosted six championships, and the New Zealand championships in 2014. Photo: Easy does it...Mike Brown's heading dog Vic in action.

Someone listened. Dog trails can now be viewed at the local A&P shows.

"Stock go a bit better when they have got sun shining on their backs," said Sally Mallinson, Event secretary at the South Island and New Zealand Sheep Dog Trials, Waihi Station Geraldine, May 2014.

The first sheep dog trails. Reference: 
This unusual sport was being held in the Mackenzie Country as early as 1869 on Haldon Station.  Messrs F.W. Teschmaker sold Haldon Station to Messrs A.B. Smith and Wallace for the sum of £15,250 in November 1867. The property comprised of 60,000 acres good sheep county, working bullocks, improvements &c and delivery was given after shearing. Dog trails were first held at in at Duntroon, North Otago in 1878 and Albury 1898. A.B. Smith, a Scottish highlander, loved the collie and was probably responsible for encouraging the first sheep dog trails on Haldon Station in the Mackenzie Country and his sons continued the tradition and made it a life long hobby.

Timaru Herald, 3 February 1869, Page 2
Trial of Sheep Dogs. The first of what is to be hoped will be an annual trial of sheep dogs, took place on Friday last on Mr Fraser's run, Black Forest, Mackenzie Country. The conditions of the trial were to put three sheep into three separate pens in half-an hour, the sheep having half-a-mile start. Ten dogs were entered and their performances showed that they were little, if at all, inferior to the far-famed collies of Scotland. The prize was taken by Mr Fraser's Black, the other dogs chiefly distinguished being, Mr Mackenzie's Cheek; Mr D. Mackay's Polly and Mr H. Frazer's Plato. There was a considerable concourse from the neighbouring stations, and all the arrangements, under the superintendence of Mr James Cordy as judge, and Mr Dennison as Secretary, gave complete satisfaction.

Timaru Herald, 8 June 1870, Page 3
This annual meeting, which is always looked forward to with much, interest by the shepherds and dog breeders in our district, was held at Haldon station on Wednesday, the 1st inst. The entries were numerous, including, besides the cracks of the district, some well known dogs from Burkes Pass and the Waitangi. The arrangements were well carried out under the superintendence of Mr F. Raine as judge, and Messrs Charles M. Smith and S. Fraser, starters. The events were as follows :— Mackenzie Sweepstakes. — Value £11 12s 6d. Dog to pull three wethers turned half-a-mile distant, and put them into three hurdles with within half-an-hour.
1st prize — D. M 'Kay's "Polly," Haldon
2nd prize— Manuel's "Nero," Waitangi
3rd prize — W. Cunningham Smith's " Sharp," Haldon.
Mount Cook Stakes. — Value £5 2s 6d- Dog to hunt away six sheep half-a-mile, between two sets of flags twenty yards apart, at an angle of about 45°.
1). Ross's "Darkie," Haldon ; J. M 'Donald's "Bob," Black Forest — Equal Time, 16mins.
The working of the dogs showed a great improvement since last year, no less than four dogs pulling the sheep into the hurdles in good style, the winner in the short time of 5½ minutes.

North Otago Times, 15 August 1878, Page 2
A public meeting was held 15 Aug. 1878 at Mr Christian Hille's Western hotel, Kurow on Saturday for the purpose of making arrangements for a sheep dog trail to come off at Duntroon about the time of the annual race meeting. Rules and regulations wee posted in the North Otago Times 15 August 1878 page 3

North Otago Times, 3 October 1878, Page 2
Judges: Messrs Henry Little, Ngapuru ; T. M'Donald, Corriedale ; and A. M'Donald, Awamoko. Committee : Messrs R. M'Kellar, A W. Wright (Hakateramea), George Oliver (Rugged Ridges), A. H Chapman (Kurow), and Anthony M'Master. Hon. Sec. : Mr E. C. Smith. This long-looked forward to event came off yesterday on the Duntroon racecourse, than which a more suitable piece of ground could not possibly have been chosen ; the wide level plain, banked by rising ground, being precisely what was wanted for dogs and sheep and spectators, while the magnificent surrounding scenery is itself alone worth going to see. For what may almost be termed the first event of the kind in the County there was an extensive competition, no less than 13 dogs actually competing in the Aged Class, and five in that for Young Dogs. These figures would have been considerably increased but for the flooded state of the rivers, which prevented several of the dogs entered being brought down. Very great interest was taken in the day's proceedings, the attendance of spectators numbering over 100, while the order observed under exciting circumstances was exceedingly creditable to all. The arrangements of the Committee wore very complete and satisfactory, and the painstaking secretary, Mr E.O. Smith, deserves praise for the thorough manner in which he went about his duties, while also the judges may be congratulated in having succeeded in giving awards which were endorsed by the vast majority of the critics by whom they were surrounded, if not, indeed, by all.
AGED DOGS. First Prize, Ll2— Mr R. Matheson's Lassie  (Hakateramea)
Second Prize, L8 — Mr Smith's Clyde  (a black dog)
Third Prize, L5— Mr Orr's Darkie  (Station Peak)

First Prize, L8— Mr W. M'Lay's Rock (Kurow) (15 months, black and tan)
Second Prize, L5 — Mr R. Matheson's Lassie (15 months)
Third Prize, L3— Mr Riddell's Don  (Moeraki)  (16 months, black and tan)

Timaru Herald, 25 July 1883 THE SHEEP-DOG EXHIBITION.
To the Editor of the Timaru Herald. Sir, — As the Timaru Show has not obtained the amount of financial success it ought to do were the district in a sound flourishing state of prosperity, I think the suggestion I have to make would assist matters in this class, and cause great deal of interest to both shepherd, farmers graziers and others. The dogs have simply been exhibited, and often only one or two entries. Now, to judge a collie by his looks is simply absurd. I knew a collie who obtained primary honors, and the same dog was a perfect cur and sheep-worrier, although a very handsome one from exterior view. If a paddock could had adjoining show ground, and in the forenoon, when judges are at work among stock, those who are not admitted could have something of interest to while away the time by a sheep dog trial. The hurdles were erected and the man working his dog not allowed to go more than a chain from same on forfeit of being disqualified, three sheep to be brought back and placed in pen, and a practical man were to act as umpire, or say two, I beg to inform you no cur would get the prize, and it would cause men to take more pride and patience with their dogs than is done at present, besides good sheep dogs are highly necessary in New Zealand, and on those grounds it ought to be made an object of emulation the having good ones. I shall have great pleasure for first trial in offering a prize, and that with, say half the entrance money, would make it a little better than an empty honor. This event is one of the most interesting ones in the Highland Agricultural Shows, and I do not see why it should not be so here. I am, &c, William J. Newton. Totara Valley.

Near St. Andrews, Nov. 2011. Lambs going to the works. Blue gum trees in the background.
An alternative driving aid “A plastic bag is good as well, because it makes a noise. It’s the noise, not the tap, that works.”

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1884, Page 3 DOGS. Timaru Show
C1ass 171 — For the best smooth collie sheep dog or slut (five entries). W. Grant, first ; A. Perry — Tweed, second Class 172 —For the best rough collie dog or slut (nine entries). John Grant, first; Coloney Bailey — Flora — pure Scotch collie, imported from Scotland, second ; John Reid — Trutt, highly commended.

Southern Rural Life  Wednesday, March 03, 2010 pg4
The Waitaki Collie Dog Club claims to be the oldest constituted dog trial club in New Zealand and is believed to be the only club in the world to have competed every year since it was formed.
The first meeting was held at Molloy’s Sandhurst Hotel, Hakataramea, on October 3, 1885, when it was decided to hold a dog trial on Friday, March 1, 1886, Malcolm McKellar, J. Austin, secretary. These trails may have started in 1868.
• Longest-serving president: Norman Hayes, 1911 to 1929.
• Longest-serving secretary: W.H. Ross, 1896 to 1932.
• The first life member of the club was Mr R.R. Orr, who was elected in 1895.
Dog trials were immensely popular community events at that time and drew people from miles around. Spectators travelling to the first Waitaki trials numbered several hundred and a special train was put on from Oamaru to cater for the visitors. People supported all their local events. ‘‘It was just what everyone did.’’ said Waitaki Collie Dog Club life member Keppel Taylor, of Kurow, holds the Walter Taylor and Co. Ltd plate donated to the club by the Timaru wool-scouring company which was once owned by Mr Taylor’s grandfather.
    The ladies committee, recalled the "old days" when the building's walls were not lined. A working bee had to be held before the trials to wash the dishes, stools and tables, as birds lived in the building. The copper had to be kept boiling, whereas nowadays, if hot water was required, it was ready at the flick of a switch.


Press, 10 April 1935, Page 16
KUROW, April 9. The Waitaki Collie Dog Club's jubilee trials were commenced at Hakataramea yesterday morning with the local maiden competitors' day, and were continued yesterday. The weather was beautifully fine, oh both days, and there was a good attendance of spectators. All the run-holders and farmers in the district had entered into the spirit of the club's local day, and had arranged their work so that their men had the day oft. It is generally conceded that the Waitaki Collie Dog Club is the oldest constituted dog trail club in New Zealand. The first meeting was held in Molloy's Hotel, Hakataramea, on October 3, 1885, when it was decided to hold a dog trial on March 13, 1886. The first trial consisted of two classes—a heading event, and a huntaway event, and the judges appointed were Messrs Robert Cameron (Waimate), T. McDonald (Corriedale), and R. Rutherford (Albury). Fifteen entries were received for the heading event, and six for the huntaway class. It was in 1889 that the club was actually formed to be known as the Waitaki Collie Dog Club. The first cup to be presented to the club was given by Mr D. MacFarlane (Kurow station), and this was awarded to the competitor scoring most points at two years' trials. The prize list in 1890 amounted to £57. It was decided that foot races be held during the trials in that year, and there were nine starters. In 1892 the first rules to govern the trials were drawn up. During the year 1895, Mr R. R. Orr was elected the first life member of the club. In 1904 the entry was a record since the inception, and two years later Mr J. B. Purdue, of Southland, made his first appearance. Mr N. Hayes was elected president in March, 1910, and continued to hold this office until he resigned in 1930. Mr Hayes's term of 20 years as president is by far the longest period any member has held the position, and during that time the silver jubilee meeting was held. On Mr Hayes's resignation, he was elected a life member. In 1914 the club's challenge cup was competed for, for the first time, and was won by Mr R. Pollock. The cup was for the competitor scoring most points in the heading events, and it was not until the cup had 17 names inscribed on it that it was won outright in 1932. The war period affected the club to a great extent. In October 1914 £15 5s was given to the Belgian Relief  Fund, and during the period 10 per cent, was deducted from all prize money and given to the Red Cross fund, and further contributions were made each year. The ladies of the district took over the catering on behalf of the Red Cross and at one trial alone £68 was given. By the end of 1916, the position had become very acute, but later improved. The 1919 trials were poorly patronised by outside competitors, two competitors from Ngapara being the only visitors. At the annual meeting in 1919, it was decided to hold a Victory Championship and the prizes offered were £30, £20, and £l0. The committee made another change in 1921, and decided to appoint a sole judge for each class. Mr John Anderson was the first appointment under this new arrangement. Part of the grounds used for the trials is a reserve and is under the jurisdiction of the Racecourse Trust. In conjunction with the Trust, a pavilion for tea rooms was erected in 1927, at a total cost of £l83, and in 1933 further improvements were made. In 1931 it was decided to join the Canterbury Association, and Mr J. Trotter, who has been connected with the club as a competitor and committee member since 1911, was the first delegate to the association. Having decided to join up with the Canterbury Association, and the Provincial Associations having decided to form a South Island Association and conduct a South Island championship, the Waitaki Club was offered the first South Island Championship, which it accepted. It can be safely claimed that the man who did the most for the Waitaki Club over a period of years, 1889-1933, was Mr W. H. Ross, who held the position of secretary for 37 years. The club has now a Ross Memorial Cup given by the returned soldiers' honorary members in his memory. The club had been fortunate during its career in having members willing and able to supply sheep for the trials. For the last number of years, Messrs Stringer, of Te Aka, and then Mr Sutton, of Waitangi, had done so, and at the present time, Mr Arthur Sutton supplies them. The ground was kindly lent by Mr W. H. Ross for many years, and Mrs Ross has continued to do likewise with her portion. The hill portion during the last few years had been held by different owners: Messrs Woods, Rattray, McKay, and Tripp. Mr William Fraser, late of Station Peak, and now residing at Hakataramea, put out the sheep for many years.
    The youthful competitors included in the first day were Master Willie Ross, son of the late Mr W. H. Ross, and Master Willie Fraser, grandson of Mr W. Fraser.

North Otago Times, 12 March 1887, Page 3
The Hakateramea sheep dog trial was held yesterday on the flat and hill near to the township of Sandhurst. A special train was run from Oamaru, taking passengers at all stations, and a few of the townspeople took advantage of the opportunity of having a day's outing. The weather was magnificent. ...At this stage our reporter had to leave in order to catch the train, but it was not expected that the trial would be concluded yesterday. ... We congratulate the Committee upon having so successfully carried out this, which we hope will be but the first of a series of annual competitions of the same kind, as we feel sure that the result will be of immense advantage to farmers and run holders by encouraging the breeding of really good sheepdogs, and inducing shepherds to take a pride in their training. It was, however, suggested yesterday that perhaps the present is scarcely the best time of year for holding such a competition. If there is any thing in this it may, however, be easily remedied in the future.

Otago Witness 16 March 1888, Page 18 WAITAKI SHEEP DOG TRIAL
This annual fixture came off at Hakateramea on Friday last, and proved very successful. We are indebted to the North Otago Times for the following detailed about of the trials : — Class I.— Heading and Back . About half a-mile. Time, 15min, First prize, £10 ; second, third, £3.
Mr A Paterson's Watt, 15 points ... ... 1
Mr R Duncan's Rover, 12 points ... ... 2
Mr R Stewart's Fog, 9 points ... ... 3  „`J. Murray's (Aviemore) Fly did not get on the sheep before time was called. R. Duncan's (Hakataramea) Rover was sometime in finding his sheep, but on getting on them he brought them down to the circle in good style, the dog working splendidly all the time. Three points were allowed for heading, five for under command, and four for bringing in. R Waldie's (Clarkesfield) Tweed was as unfortunate as Fly in his quest for the sheep, time being called before he (sighted them. J. Campbell's (Aviemore) Sweep was a considerable time before he got on the sheep, and failed to get them off the hill before time was called. Andrew Paterson's (Station Peak) Fly got badly away, and time had pretty well expired before she got on her quarry. She worked the sheep carefully after getting on, but time was up before the sheep reached the flat. Six points were allowed. H. M'Donald's (Te Akaterawa) Yarrow never got on the sheep, and after 10 minutes had elapsed his owner called him in. W. Melville's (Omarama) Don made a splendid cast, but just as he reached the vicinity of the sheep they passed out of sight over the brow of the hill, and he was some time before picking them up. ...
Class ll.— Heading, Bringing Back, and Yarding. About a quarter of a mile. Time, 15min. First prize, £10 ; second, £6; third, £3.
Mr D M'Kenzie's Lassie ... ... ... 1
Mr A Gunn's Rover . ... ... ... 2
Mr W Sutherland. Dan ... ... ... 3
    C. Leonard's (Otekaike) Scott found his sheep and picked up an odd one on the road, but failed to bring them off the hill. W. Moore's (Hakataramea) Tyne made good work from the beginning, and brought his sheep down to the yard in very good style, but failed to yard in time, W. Sutherland's (Omarama) Dan's performance was almost similar in every respect to that of the preceding competitor. A. Gunn's (Station Peak) Rover worked his sheep in good style, and after bringing them down to the hurdles hendled them cautiously but failed to yard. A. M'Millan's (Otekaike) Don made an indifferent head, but brought the sheep back in good style and was pretty careful in working. J. Annan's (Omarama) Jack headed capitally, and brought back, but his performance at the hurdles was an indifferent one. W. Munro's (Otematata) made slow work of getting the sheep in, and had little time to devote to yarding. A. M'Hardy's (Kurow) Guess went into one gully while the sheep were in another. It failed to find them. D. M'Kenzie's (Station Peak) Lassie headed and brought back well, and yarded in capital style, amidst cheers. J. Durward's (Kurow) Punch, J. Connor's (Otekaike) Star, and W. Melville's (Omarama) Bet were also competitors, but our reporter left before these trials took place.
    Class 111 next morning. This class was for huntaways, about a quarter of a mile, to head, bring back, and yard, the time allowed being 25min. The prizes were £10, £6, and £3, and the winners were J. Durward's Nap, J. Robb's Sharp, and D. M'Kenzie's Lassie, in the order named. The other competing dogs were— W. Melville's Bet, W. Ross's Jack, N. Bain's Glen, W. Munro's Braw, J. M'Kenzie's Glen, and R. Stewart's Fog.
The trial has been a successful one— successful in the number of entries, good arrangements, and good feeling that was displayed, and the committee have to congratulate themselves on the success which has attended the efforts to bring the people of the Upper Waitaki together in harmonious intercourse.

Otago Witness, 19 May 1898, Page 25
Such, great success and popularity attended the Burkes Pass dog trial that we cannot refrain from participating in the sport ourselves. Consequently a club has been formed to be known as the Albury Collie Dog Club, and it has decided to hold its inaugural trials on the 26th and 27th inst. The necessary arrangements for its successful inauguration have been brought well forward, and capital ground has been secured, providing the river should not be in flood, the site being just across the Te Ngawai from the railway station. Competition, perhaps, will be rather limited on this occasion, the notice of the trials coming off being rather short ; but it is hoped that having the trials on the dates mentioned will allow distant intending competitors to participate in the cheap train fares.

Otago Witness 2 June 1898, Page 26 THE ALBURY COLLIE TRIALS.
The first gathering of the club came off last week, and was got through very satisfactorily to the end. Thursday, the opening day of the contest, was far from favourable, the early morning resembling midwinter, but as the sun shone out brightly, the people of the district seemed to get thawed, and rolled up in goodly numbers, and by noon there was very satisfactory muster, including a number of ladies, who evinced no small interest in the work of their friends' "poodles." All the leading officials of the club were present — viz., the Patron (Mr F. R. Flatman, M.H.R. for the district), the President (Mr Gideon Rutherford), and the Vice-president (Mr J. S. Rutherford), who took a keen interest in the whole proceedings, an example worthy of emulation by other large flockmasters who undoubtedly reap the greatest benefit indirectly of the good resulting from such contests. The hon. secretary and treasurer was ably assisted by the two brothers in the manifold duties appertaining to the office and of endeavouring to serve all - an object worthy of all the good result and but fraction of the abuse so generally bestowed as a reward for labours of love. The young club was fortunate in having the services of a capable judge in the person of Mr W. O. Rutherford, and there is no doubt the club was wise in its infancy in adopting the "single" Judge principle, for undoubtedly one competent judge is all that is wanted. The only lack of judgment, shown by this young club was in the class of sheep it decided on for the "Huntaway" event and the limit age in the youths' event. In the first instance crossbred sheep were used— a very strange thing, when the use of halfbred had proved at other trials how erroneous this selection is compared with merinos.

As was further instance in the performance of Mr I. Curtis with Glen, a dog that had never done a day's work off the little farm, and consequently, one would naturally think, would be placed at a great disadvantage, he was able to satisfy the critics that it is not only Scotchmen who can break and work a dog, and that, given a intelligent dog, even the smallest cockatoo has no need to be afraid to pit his dog against the best of professional shepherds. So well did Glen perform that Mr Curtis had several offers of £10 made for him, and ultimately sold him for £12. From this it would seem that any man with a good dog for sale might do much worse than patronise bona fide dog trials, even from a commercial point of view. Indeed, there is strong evidence that these trials will become ere long a recognised medium of sale for good dogs. There is no use the uninitiated ever harping on that abused word "luck " ; merit will out. If a well known good dog doesn't win it invariably is because a better comes out to try.

There were seven entries in the youths and 26 in the long pull. Class I was the first, taken. In this event crossbred sheep off high hill country were used, with a result that proved most adverse. The sheep were so stubborn and imbued with "cusseduess " that not a single dog was able to qualify for a prize.

Class II. The usual yarding event was got off in the afternoon. Mr Ballantyne came in for sincere congratulations on again adding to his many previous score of merit. The prizes were £8, £4, £2, and £1, and the judge's awards were :
1 Mr N. Ballantyne's Moss, 25 points
2  Mr J.R Thompson's Rose. 22 points „3 Mr J Ballntyne's Gyle, 20 points
4 Mr J Davidson's Scott, 19 points

Class 111. — "The long pull" was got under way first thing on Friday morning. Again, scorers at previous contests were not to be denied, and the higher scores contained such as Fame, winner at Kurow and Burkes Pass ; Moss, winner of the youths' class twice at Burke's Pass ; Fly, several times winner at Burke's Pass ; Nod, ditto. The winner, however, turned up in Rose, second in the yarding yesterday. By the double score she gained Mr Thompson's (the clerk) aggregate prize of £2 2s. The prizes were £10 and special £1 Is, £5, and £2. The result was as follows :—
Mr J. R. Thompson's Rose, 27 points
Mr R. Fraser's Nod, 24 points
Mr J. Davidson's Fly and Scott(equal), 21 points 3

Class IV. This was for youths under 21 years, who were required to drive three merino wethers through three sets of hurdles, and hold them in the ring. It proved most popular in consequence of its being so mirth-provoking, especially in the case of the wee laddie, who, be it to his credit, showed more agility than ability to perform the work required to fulfil the programme, and his scoring of third place was by far the most popular win of the gathering. The more praise to him his puppy is of his own training, and though this was the first dog trial he had seen I'm sure it is not the last time " Bente and Bob " will be heard of. Prizes : £3, £2, and 10s. The results were :—
Mr E. Kidd (aged 19) 1
Mr Wright (agea 20) 2
Mr C. B. Anderson (aged 16) 3
Two others competed. The course as laid out this year did not meet with general approval, and will probably be somewhat altered.
As previously arranged, the Huntaway event was again gone through, with the alteration of merino wethers instead of crossbreds. The following was the posted result : —
Mr C. J. Johnston's Fly, 25 points ... 1
Mr R. Fraser's Nod, 23 points 2
Mr J. Fraser's Clyde. 22 points 3
Mr A. Smith's Royal, 20 points ... 4
The special prizes went as follows :— and Mr R. Fraser won Mr Smith's special for best bred slut scoring at meeting with Fame.

Timaru Herald Tuesday 24 Jan 1899 page 2
Mackenzie Collie Dog Club will be held on April 6th and following day. Mr W.O. Rutherford's will be the judge. Merino sheep will be used in the huntaway class. Youth class is under 18 years, the sheep have to be "pulled about 200yards, held in a ring to the satisfaction of the judge, and taken off ground.

Birch Hill dogs, Pukaki - Mt. Cook Hwy, Nov. 2009. Lake Pukaki in the background.
The Mackenzie high country is still unique; there is no other place in the world where the life is quite the same, where man, dog, horse and sheep are united. Even today mechanical things are secondary to sheep, sheep dogs and horses or Shanks's pony.

The Mackenzie Collie Dog Club - at The Pass

Timaru Herald, 11 April 1891, Page 4
The first dog trail under the auspices of the Mackenzie County Collie Dog Club was held at Burke's Pass on Friday and Saturday last.[6th and 7th April]  The attendance was good and the weather very favourable throughout, being not too hot for the working dogs. The trail was held on the Sawdon Run, on ground kindly lent by Mr Sibbald which was very suitable for the purpose, presenting enough difficulties to exhibit the bad or good points of the dogs working. The sheep used were strong merino wethers from the Rollesby flock, furnished by Captain Hayter. Mr P.H. Stock made an efficient timekeeper and the following gentlemen acted as judges, Messrs D. McIntyre, J. Anderson, W.L. Mitchel, J. Farquhar, W Gunnion, T McDonald and A. Craighead. The proceedings were commenced shortly after 10 a.m. The following are the detailed results : —
Class I — Hunt-away, about ¼ mile, head, bring back, and yard. Time — 25min. Prizes— £l0, £5, and £2. Maximum points — Hunt-away, 5 ; bringing back, 5 ; and yarding, 5. Sixteen entries.
Alex. S. Smith's Scamp, (9pts) 1
R. Duncan's Glen, (7 pts) 2
Geo. Thomson's Roy, (7 pts ) 3
W. Pearson's Tweed (7 pts) 0
The three ties for 2nd place were run off the following day. Glen 11pts, Roy 6pts, and Tweed 5pts.
Mr T. Muir's Fox was the first dog to start in this class but his sheep getting beyond his control he failed to score. Mr W. Scott, did not make the most of a good opportunity, in hunting his dog Queen from the wrong side, thus allowing the sheep to get through the crowd. Mr George Taylor's Bob hunted away fairly well but lost the sheep. Mr R. Duncan's (Hakataramea) Glen showed good points but was somewhat slow. Mr C. Kerr's Darkie failed to score, one of the sheep proving very stubborn and ultimately breaking away. The next dog to work was Mr H. F. Chaffey's Scott who received one point for hunting away. Mr Foster's dog Top put the sheep through the first two flags but failed to bring back or yard. Mr D. Bain's Bruce evinced signs of being well under command, but the sheep proving too stubborn he failed to score. Mr A. S. Smith's dog Scamp showed very good work and was thoroughly under command, receiving the maximum number of points in hunting away. Steady work was also shown in heading, but the allotted time expired before the yard was reached.— Total 9 points. Mr G. Thomson's Roy was the next to run and proved himself a thorough huntaway ... Mr W. Pearson's (Hakataramea Downs) Tweed did not show the necessary qualification for a huntaway being too quiet although under perfect command.

Class II Reading, bringing back and yarding. Time 20 minutes, maximum points, heading 3, bringing back 4, yarding 5. 31 entries were received for this class.
Mr Donald Bain's Rob 1
Mr W Pearson's Tod 2
Mr George Thomson's Fan 3.

Best Bred Dog class I.
Mr R. Duncan's Glen ... ... ... 1
Mr A. S. Smith's Scamp ... 2

Best Bred Dog, Class II.
Mr M. Kerr's Clyde ... 1
Mr N. Ballantyne's Ted ... 2

1895 -8th Annual Mackenzie Collie Dog Club trail at Rollesby
Class I working
A.S. Smith's dog Too Late (vice president)
Sydney Bryant's Scott (from the Grampain Hills) best looking bachelor
J. Davidson's Toss 3rd
W. Hogg's Darky
T. Davidson's Corbie
S. Morris's Rover
R. Fraser's Dash
N. Murray's Dow
J. Anderson's Scott
W. McMillan's Dick 1st prize and president's trophy
R. Bell's Laddie
J. Fraser's Clyde 2nd

Class II yarding
J Ballantyne's Gyle tied 3rd divided second and third money 6 pounds
F. Allen's Roy
J Ross' Dick special prize
W. Miller's tweed
T. Davidson's Braan 8
J. Bain's Darky
J. Fraser Steel
W McMilan's toss tied 3rd divided second and third money 6

Class III -second day
J Davidson's Fly 6 and Mr Young's silver cruet stand
W, Hogg's Darkey 4
W McMillan's Bob 2

The Mackenzie County Chronicle Vol.1. - No. 74 Wednesday, April 12, 1899
Mackenzie Collie Dog Club
. The club, as per former custom, had its members and official dinner on the night of the gathering, when over 40 sat down to the sumptuous spread served up by hostess McMillan, and the business manner in which the company set about  to lighten the tables of their heavy loads fully testified their appreciation of the good things set before them.  A dog-trail dinner at the Pass is to be remembered as one of the few good things that come in the course of a year to enliven the ordinary routine life of  Mackenzie County resident.  A smoke concert was held later on when fully 50 members and their friends were present.  A stirring evening was spent, numerous toasts being proposed and responded to.  There were songs, Gaelic selections, etc.  The party contained several gentleman who possessed capital voices and who displayed considerable comic humour. It was well into the morning before the company broke up, all being well satisfied with the results of this gathering, not with standing the wretchedly bad weather which prevailed, and the big sale which clashed with the trail, to say nothing of the large counter attractions in the shape of the Fairlie Show and bazaar, and the hunt and dance.  The trails and gathering were up to any formerly held in the district, the attendance on part of the public expected, which was to be accounted for owing to the bad weather. The Secretary when responding to a toast, hope the balance-sheet would show a credit of 20 pounds, a statement which was received with applause, and no doubt a surprise to many. 
    The concluding work in Class III on the last day revealed nothing out of the ordinary, and the best performances of the previous day were not-beaten.
    This contest resulted as follows:-

Mr Melville's             Bess      29 points    1
Mr McRae's               Barr        26 points    2
Mr A. McKay's          Speed      25 points    3
Mr N. Ballantyne's dog (a special) 24 points    4
Mr C. Thew's dog (a special)        23 points    5

Class IV, for youths under 18 years attracted four participants and the high class work performed by the winter was greatly admired, especially that of the second dog, where Young Master had displayed great ability in training. The dog showed great ability throughout the whole meeting. and but for the lad standing too close to his sheep in his efforts to work the sheep through the last set of poles, he would have won in a  most handsome manner.  There was included a trio of sheep allotted to this young contestant a sheep that should not have been included.
The Judge's verdict was- 
Mr J. Thompson's Tip          1
Mr C.B. Anderson's Bob     2
Mr Herbet Annis's Toss         3      
Mr C.B. Anderson's Glen     4
The special prizes were won as follows- Club's cup for year and gold medal, Mr R. Fraser, also gold medal for dogs scoring the most points in each class I, II, III, Nod being his dog. Mr King's trophy, a handsome cruet, was  gift to Bess, a very fine little slut, showing plenty of quality, owned by Mr Melville and was pronounced as the best bred collie scoring at the meeting by Messrs J. McGregor and Mr McRae.  Mr Melville also secured the ___ for the best holding made and ___ pull made with the same representative ___e. The presidents prize of £2 2s to the best team of three, and to score in each class, viz., I, II, and III, fell to Mr J. Fraser's trio.  A more popular award was not made during the day.  Mr R. Cowan won Mr D. McMillan's special for the second champion with Jet, and he was only one point in the aggregate short of Mr Fraser's Nod.
    It was well on towards evening when the club got things settled up and as the judges were making a start home the assemblage gave them three ringing cheers.

Saturday March 30th 1940, Timaru Herald. At the Pass. Sheep Dog Trials is a sport in which age was not a barrier, septuagenarians and octogenarians  compete with younger competitors in the 18- to 25-year age group.
Photo taken at Burkes Pass in 1940.  Johnny Willetts (secretary), T. Hogg, J.A. Ballantyne, Alec.S. Smith, A.W. Smith (vice-president).

Jim A. Ballantyne (b. 1865) and Alex. S. Smith (b. 1863) competed in the annual Mackenzie Collie Dog Club trails for fifty years from 1891 to 1941. The trails were held every year since 1891 except the years 1933, 1936 and 1942-1943 (due to petrol rationing). Sandy Smith  (b. 1901) is standing next to his father. The walking stick was presented to Al. S. Smith by the Mackenzie Collie Dog Club, has a brass plaque attached to it, at the junction of the handle and stem. "Presented to A. S. Smith by the Mackenzie Collie Dog Club on the 30th Anniversary 30/10/20." Others also would have had walking sticks presented. Does anyone know who are the men two men on the left are? Sandy Smith (aka Alexander Watson Smith) worked on Blue Cliffs Station as head shepherd for quite a number of years, working for the Woodhouse's. He was the youngest son of Alexander Searle Smith. His brother Ollie Smith (Oliver Rowntree Smith) was the manager of Grampians Peaks for forty years from 1914-1950He was appointed by Norman Hope. R.K. Smith, a son of A.B. owned Black Forest and managed Morven Hills, Tarras. The original use to hang in the Burkes Pass Hotel. What decade? ?1940s, no later. All the men are wearing three piece woollen suits, two have the Mackenzie tartan ties. Their leather shoes are dusty from the dry paddock to the right of the Burkes Pass Hotel. It was always a good day out around Easter time. The men were up there at The Pass at daylight. The events started very earlier and were often over by 12 noon as the people had to get home and attended to the stock on their own farms. Often a two day event. In the 1950s Jack Lundie from Sherwood Downs was a top notch competitor. He always had good dogs. Jack was Hon. secretary to the MCDC for nine years until 1960 and was also the delegate to the Canterbury Sheep Dog Trail Association, then three years as president and ran the NZ Dog Trails Association Championships at Tai Tapu, South Island in 1960-62.Women were allowed to join the club and they prepared a proper luncheon with stew etc. The tearooms with long tables were beside the rifle range. Dad entered dogs in the early 1950s, but only when he had a good dog.

Johnny WILLETTS was a 1st WW veteran and farmed a small block called "Dornie" which is still owned by the family and is situated where the main road from Fairlie veers left and heads up the valley to the pass after passing what we used to call the Horseshoe Bend where the road hugged the bluffs alongside the Opihi River near where there was a ford used to reach Ashwick and the rest of the Fairlie basin in early days.

At the Dog Trails. Timau Herald 30 March, 1940

From Sherwood Downs and Beyond by Connie Rayne page 253
The late Mr. W.J. Grant  had donated a plaque that hung in the Burkes Pass Hotel and was always on display at the annual dog trails. It listed the names of the winners over the years in the Huntaway, Long Pull, Yarding, Pull and Yard, e.g.

1925 & 1930  Dan Cutbertson Huntaway  with Dick (won 3x)
1951 Ron Neill Hunt & Slew with Wag
1953 Rex Neill Hunt & Slew with Wag (Ron's son)

Jack (D.J.) Lory
1955 Hunt & Slew with Bob
1958  Hunt & Slew with Jack
1958  Straight Huntaway with Jack
1961 & 1962 Hunt & Slew with Jack II
1977 Hunt & Slew with Jack
In 1954 won the  NZ Championship Straight Huntaway with Jack at North Taieri, Dunedin
In 1955 won the Canterbury Championship at Oxford in the Straight Huntaway with Jack.
In 1956 won the Straight Huntaway at Banks Peninsula with Jack
In 1956 won the Straight Huntaway Championships at Geraldine with Jack.

Jack (W.J.) Lundie
1945  Huntaway with Don
1945, 1946 & 1947 & 1949 Jack (John) Lundie Open huntaway with Don. (In 1948 Don had sprained his leg)
1957  Straight and Pull with Bert
1959  Long Pull Hunt with Star
1959 South Island Championships at Wanaka with Bert (6th)
1962 Hunt & Slew with Bert
1968  Straight Hunt with Jean
1970 Hunt & Slew with Claire
1971 South Island Championships at Ohaeawai with Claire
In 1935 at the Mackenzie A& P show Jack came in second to Dick Fortune  from Scotland and "Gala Brae Mist."

Freddie (A.T.) Jones
1971 Pull and Yard with Toe
1972 Long Pull with Toe
1974 &1975 Hunt and Slew with Bruce
1974 Straight Hunt with Bruce

The South Canterbury Museum has:

Ships, Shepherds, and Sheep by Frank Bishop now retired to Fairlie, the story of the A.B. Smith family.
Mackenzie Collie Dog Club, a limited edition, published mid 2000s, mainly photos about the Mackenzie Collie Dog Club.  The author died in 2009.

Jim A. Ballantyne receiving a cup at the Mackenzie Collie Dog Club.  Mr. James "Jim" Ballantyne and Ninian Ballantyne were on the first committee of the newly formed Mackenzie Collie Dog Club in 1890. In 1898 his dog Gyle won the "Yarding". From the original when it hung in the Burkes Pass Hotel.  Who is the man to the right? 

Sheep dog traillists range from teenagers to retired farmers - it  can become an active lifetime hobby. Jim was born on Aug. 14 1865 at "Hawthornside" in the parish of Hobkirk, England. He sailed for New Zealand in the 1880s with his brother Ninian. They were shepherds for Alexander Grant at Grays Hills Station. In 1884 they acquired two sections on Ashwick Flat and named the farm "Hyndly". He and Ninian were on the first committee of the newly formed Mackenzie Collie Dog Club in 1890. On 3 July 1899 Jim married Ada Clarkson, 28, d/o Benjamin and Mercy Clarkson of Silverstream. They were married at Ada's home in the presence of Catherine Fraser of Cave and James Lilly of Clayton. Their first daughter was Bessie and in 1903 Jean was born. Ada died following Jean's birth. Ninian died in 1910. Jim died in 1944 at the age of 78.

Otago Witness, 14 April 1898, Page 35 Papers Past
The Mackenzie Collie Dog Club
This young club got its trials off very successfully at the end of last week under fairly favourable circumstances, the exception being the low standard of work performed by the majority of the dogs worked the first day, and on the second day the weather, though dry, was bitterly cold, which proved a barrier to, large attendance on that occasion. The opening day was beautifully fine, and a very large crowd put in appearance, and manifested keen interest in the performances of the many contestants. The three senior classes aggregated 72 nominations, only five of which failed to put in an appearance, a very gratifying entry to the club, which had worked hard to make its meeting a success.
The following is the prize list :
Class I. Huntaway, about half a mile. Possible points, 30.
Mr A. Matheson's (Hyde) Nell, 27 points, 8 ... 1
Mr G. Evans (Orari), 4 .. 2
Mr R. Fraser (Albury), 2 ... 3
Mr R. Coma (Tekapo), special .. 4
(Mr T. Souness's special, Noisiest Huntaway, Mr J, Robertson.)
In this class, excepting that of the Otago representative, the work done was anything but "special," the sheep, halfbreds, proving too tame and used to the ground, which, too, was rather limited at the starting point. Sheep got too easily over creek bank.

Class ll. Yarding. Maximum points, 30.
Mr J. Ballantyne (Fairlie), 8 1  with Gyle
Mr R. Pollock (Snowden), 4 ... .... ... 2
Master H. Anderson (Levels), 2 ... 3
Mr S. M'Donald (Clayton), special 4
In this event again the work was disappointing, the sheep, merinos, being too weak to stand too much working and too wild to allow of capture, only two sheep being yarded the whole afternoon - a result equally attributable to the lack of "style " in the dogs' performances. And there is great questioning of the wisdom of retaining the class in its present form, as a purely yarding dog would be by no means of much value in a country where a trial like the pass drawn its contestants from.

Class III. Long pull. Possible points, 30.
Mr W. Ballantyne (Fairlie) 28 points, ... 1   8pounds
Mr R. Fraser and Mr R. Pollock, 27 points, 2 pounds 3pounds each
Master H. Anderson, special , ... 4
Mr R. Fraser, special 5
Splendid work was done here notwithstanding that for the most part the dogs were the same as competed in the preceding class and the sheep identical, which tends to show that there is some ground for the oft-repeated assertion that yarding is not a necessary qualification in a dog.

Class IV.  youths under 18. One nomination.
H Anderson, 27 points, 2 ... 1 The points scored in this class being allowed to count for the Cup gives this youthful competitor the proud possession of the Challenge Cup for the year, with Mr A. Martin close up. Mr J. Barr won the competitors' foot race by about a yard from Mr Evans, C. Thew close up. Mr J. Robertson won the other handsome trophy given by the ladies. This event was for best looking bachelor - spinsters attending the ball only voting.  The ball was immensely successful, and did credit to the dance committee. Mrs Kuff again had charge of the tea and cakes, and that is sufficient guarantee that justice was done to it.
    Mr S. Anniss (vice-president), W. Scott (timekeeper), and J. Barr (flag steward), worked hard throughout in the interest of the club. Mr W. Ballantyne's Trusty Moss, as well as the long pull, won Mr James Lelico's special, a standardbred working collie pup ; and also Mr Scott's special for best bred working collie, Messrs G. Evans's Glee and Pollock's Wylie running him very close. Messrs M'Leod and Smith provided the sheep and Jamison and Souness the sledges, while Mr Jas. Robinson had the trying duty of liberating the sheep, which could not have been done better.

Timaru Herald,  11 April 1899, Page 4

Timaru Herald, 31 March 1900, Page 3
The Mackenzie County Collie Dog Club opened their trials at the Pass on Thursday. The weather was dull, but as a whole favourable, and competition was very good all through. In class I. the work done was very satisfactory, the majority of the dogs succeeding m getting through the greater part of their tasks. The results were : 
Mr A. S. Smith's Royal, 20pts ... 1
Mr R. Fraser's Nod, 18pts 2
Mr R. Cowan's Jet. 1 pts 3
Mr J. Robertson's Dick, 12pts 4
Mr R. Fraser's Fame, 11 pts 5
Mr E. McLennan's Coll well up,
Mr Fraser's special prize went to Mr Cowan's Jet, and Messrs Bower and Ferguson's to Mr Smith's Royal. In class II., some fine work was shown by many of the competitors, and all through it was particularly interesting. The class was finished at 6 o'clock, and the following is the result:
Mr R. Trotter's Storm 1
Mr R. Fraser's Lillico 2
Mr. Dickson's Toy 3
Mr D. Steward's Toss 4
Mr J. Robertson's Bess 5
In the Long Pull Mr Herbert Anderson's Moss was first, and Mr Fraser's Nod second.

Otago Witness, 12 April 1905, Page 32
The annual competitions under the auspices of this club were run off on the 6th and 7th, inst. The competitions opened under the most favourable conditions, as regards number of entries and favourable weather - beautiful morning welcoming a goodly muster, of interested spectators, accompanying a strong force of "doggie men." Consequently, Mr Scott, the energetic secretary, had a busy time. Finally, over 90 entries were posted. Ample field arrangements had been made by Messrs J. Ballantyne, Cowan, and Keefee as ground managers ; ... trial, beating Mr McLeod's Nip by a couple of points. Mr G. "Waters, with E. Cowan's Sandy, also put up a creditable score, but this dog was noisy, after making a clean head in good time; but improved nearing home, and had little trouble to satisfy the judge of his capability of steadying sheep at hand.
Mr D. Livingstone, another young aspirant for honours, did good work with Rover. He was slow in getting a Heading turn on, and failed to hold his sheep satisfactorily. The next best performance was put up by Mr Sid. Briant, whom many friends were again pleased to welcome back after several seasons' absence out of the district. Yarrow was a hit slow getting to head, and also failed at holding.
The following were the awards in the Maiden event, with similar work to the Long Pull, the maximum points, as in all events, being 30: 
Mr Alf. Keeffee's Roy (23 points) .. .. 1
W. G. McKinnon's May (21) .... .. 2
J. C. Borthwick's Vale (19) ..... 3
J. McLeod'a Kip (18)
Specials: E. Cowan's Sandy (17) and D. Livingstone's Rover (17).
The. club's champion cup was won by A. Smith's Don (59 points), with Mr Jas. Burnett's Fan second (51), and Mr Dickson's Tay (50), in two~events, close up. The club, as well as being under an obligation to the judge (Mr A. Kennedy), the timekeeper (Mr Mcleod), flag stewards (Messrs E. Cowan and Struthers), and Mr J. McMillan for sledging out sheep, is also indebted to the following tradesmen for donations of specials :  Mr J. King and Messrs Kernchan and Co.. storekeepers, Fairlie; Messrs T. Bussell and J. Miles, clothiers, Fairlie; J. Cosky, saddler; Penrose, draper; Hoskins and Riddle, blacksmiths; J. McMillan, blacksmith, Burkes Pass, and also Messrs J. Ballantyne and Co. (per A.B. Staff) and D.I.C. (per W. S. Waite, Timaru).
McLeod acted as timekeeper. The sheep were of the best, and were well liberated. The work for the day resulted as follows . Class I.  Huntaway, about half a mile, through the usual testing ; two sets of flags.
Mr G. Waters's (Burke' 3 Pass) Bob .. .. 1
Mr James Burnett's (Fairlie) Fan .. .. 2
Mr R. Cowan's (Burkes Pass) Tip .. .. 3
Mr A. Smith's (Fairlie) Don 4

The judge awarded the coveted positions in Class III: 
Mr N. Ballantyne's May (28 points) .. .. 1
Mr Peter Hall's Steamer (27) 2
Mr F. Jackson's Tay (26J) 3
Mr D. McKenzie' s Lassie (26) 4
Mr H. Reid's Mick (254) .. .. Special
Mr A. Bain's Dick (24) Special
The winner is a young dog, broken in and capitally worked by Mr H. J. Anderson.

Ashburton Guardian, 17 June 1920, Page 2
The Methven Collie Club opened its annual trial meeting yesterday at Methven. The events contested were confined to the farmer class, which attracted large entries. The work of the dogs was good, considering the lively nature of the sheep. The ground, which was of the "carpet" order, was not favourable for even working. Yesterday's events consisted of driving three sheep through two sets of hurdles, eventually terminating in the sheep being penned. The successful competitor was Mr E. Grieves "Pride" (Mt, Hutt), 34 points, with Mr G. Keefe's "Tua" (Fairlie), 30. points. 

The average lifespan for a collie is 15 years.

A lovely old bearded collie at work, November 2009, during tailing. They are tough dogs. Prattley yards, invented and made in Temuka.
The dogs are pretty special. A friend of man. The first to welcome, foremost to defend. In life the firmest friend.


Bearded collie: An intelligent and versatile dog, the bearded collie has been replaced on many farms by other breeds, especially the huntaway. A beardie.
Brindle - tiger stripped
Cur: a mongrel dog, esp. a worthless or unfriendly one.
Foxed: What does foxed mean?
Fox collie: A smooth-coated short haired dog typically reported to be the Scotch Collie or Fox Collie, which was also the ancestor of the Border Collie: A herding dog. Well mannered dogs. Black or red with white markings.
Rough : Shepherds recognise four or five varieties of collies: beardies, rough haired, smooth haired, German [a variety of sheep dog which is blue (black and white spots). He usually has one or both wall eyes. Acland.] and sometimes broken haired (hair like a rough coated fox terrier) Acland.

Timaru Herald, 29 October 1884, Page 4
STRAYED. CAME ASTRAY into my Garden on Friday Inst, a Black and tan SHEEP DOG, foxed. The owner can have the same by paying expenses. JOHN GILLESPIE, Buchanan's Paddock.

Handy dog: Knows how to be a heading dog and a huntaway dog.
Heading dog: Prefers to run around the far side of a mob of sheep, and bring them toward you, rarely barks in the field. In New Zealand there are heading dogs and huntaway competitions. Eye dog: Do more of the close work around mobs and in the yards. Eye dogs are sometimes a little more akin to a collie in colour.
Huntaway dog: They have a big bark and are able to muster out of sight. A dog that barks a lot, gets the sheep moving. In NZ a huntaway is a distinct breed. A huntaway can bark all the time [to your distraction] used to drive or push sheep away from you. Most New Zealand huntaways look nothing like border collies now.
The long head
Short head and yard
NZSDTA New Zealand Sheep Dog Trial Association, president 2010, Merv King, from Geraldine.
Run: To run a dog, send it out to head sheep, to 'run out'.
Sheep dog trails Are an important social event run throughout the country from January to May at 13 trail centres. Courses, judges, caterers and competitors are organised. Points won at district trails count towards an entry at the centre championships and a few more points on enable you to complete at the North Island and the South Island championships and with enough points on to the New Zealand championships.
"wayleggo" -which for some reason means "come back". The shepherd's command to a dog who has completed the job: Away here, Lets go. Farmers train their dogs to obey commands using a shepherd's whistle or verbal commands. Dogs obey commands. Dad would shout "awaileggo." Dad would always name his dogs with a short name, made it easier to shout out their name, one syllable and starting with the letter "S". Sam, Star, Scott, Sharp (trained by Freddy Jones of "Strathallan", Ashwick Flat. Sharp was a black and white short haired collie, very well trained. An eye dog.) and Skip.....(he was my dog, a huntaway, a beautiful long haired collie - black, white and tan, that would 'speak up', he learnt by watching Sharp. Skip's mother was Susie and step brother was Scott. Susie was the most beautiful bitch you ever saw. She was a tri-colour rough collie. "Get behind".

They are a bit like children, the harder you work them the better they will be. Huntaway, Fairlie

Skip sitting under the shade of a tree in Feb. in the ram paddock between the cottage and pond on "Ribbonwood" 1981. Kinghams C 1032-17
"Skip", my dog, a roughcoat collie but like a huntaway, he barked on command, "Speak up", he had a good bark, born and bred on "Ribbonwood", Sherwood Downs, Fairlie, South Canterbury, enjoyed mustering on the hills or moving sheep on the flat, he was a working dog, worked every day. Use to love to chase cars - that was his downfall and end in 1981. His mother was Susie, a gentle tri-coloured sandy, red, white. His half brother was Scott, more golden, less black.

W. Surtees Raine (Spreacombe, Barnstaple, N. Devon) son

The Maoris already had dogs when the settlers arrived.

The Clontarf arrived at Lyttelton 5 Jan. 1859. On board was J.B. Acland, cabin passenger, returning to Canterbury. He wrote a diary; He came over with dogs.
"Nanny" died, threw her overboard
"Norna" - had a litter of puppies, 6 in number of which we killed 3
"Joe" has distemper
C. Cooper lost his dog - jumped or fell overboard
Jollie dogs out 2 hours
and Jock Bennett and Jim Chapman
and sheep, stock whip, Jersey, waistcoat, boots, seeds. etc.

Taranaki Herald, 8 March 1854, Page 3 Nelson
The Duke of Portland sailed from Plymouth, early in the morning of the 9th November,.. after making land, prevented her reaching Blind Bay till the 7th of February, when she let go her anchor at Nelson, being 88 days from Plymouth. Mr. Fox, one of the passengers has brought out a thorough bred Durham bull and cow, selected from the herd of Mr. R. Stratton, of Broadhinton, Wilts, who received the first prize of the gold medal, for the best fat ox bred by himself at the Smithfeld show, 1852, a boar and a sow of the improved Essex breed, bred by Mr. Fisher Hobbs, of Bontead-lodge, Colchester ; four French merino rams from Rambouillett near Paris; a lot of Cochin China fowls, and a Scotch cooley sheep dog.

Daily Southern Cross, 6 November 1860, Page 2 PORT OF AUCKLAND.
Entered inwards. November 5— Thames City, ship, 557 tons, J. W. Sedcote, from London.
IMPORTS — Foreign. Per City, from London — 24 half-barrels gunpowder, 10 do. do., 4 horses, 2 bulls, 11 sheep, 2 sheep-dogs, 4 deer, 6 hares, 7 guinea pigs, 4 pheasants, 4 larks, 1 quail, 1 partridge, 25 cases acid, for Auckland; and, sundry packages merchandise for Wellington.

Star 20 December 1895, Page 2
There arrived at Lyttelton yesterday, by the s.s. Duke of Sutherland, from London, several important consignments of pedigree stud stock. Of these the pigs claim first mention ; they are all of the Berkshire breed, and comprise one boar and two sows for Lincoln College, one boar and one sow for Mr John Boag, one boar for Mr James Rowe (the only death in the whole shipment being that of a sow for this gentleman), and three boars and six sows -for; Messrs Gr. E. and A. E. G. Rhodes. The sheep are also a specially interesting consignment, consisting as they do of fifty-seven Cheviots — two rams and fifty-five ewes — from the best flocks in the south of Scotland, imported by the well-known Otago wool growing and woollen and worsted manufacturing firm of Messrs Ross and Glendining. Two highly-bred rough-coated collies, dog and bitch, and a Skye terrier dog complete the live-stock cargo of the vessel. The whole are in a condition which does credit to the ship and to the shepherd in charge of the sheep, and are decided acquisitions to the stock of the colony. The animals were inspected on account of the Stock Department and the importers by Messrs Holderness and Cunningham, of the Stock Department, Mr Hi", V.S., and Mr Charlton, M.R.C.V.S., and duly placed on Quail Island for their respective periods of quarantine. A fine Shorthorn bull from the famous Colao (Victoria) herd, imported by Mr John Reid, Elderslie, was released from quarantine on Wednesday.


9 June 2014. The huntaway is a New Zealand dog breed. Because the shepherd was often a long distance from the dog, the silent working method of the border collie made it difficult for the shepherd to manage the flock and keep track of the dog. As a result farmers wanted a dog with a short-haired coat, greater stamina and the ability to bark control the flock. It is thought the huntaway may be the result of selective breeding between the border collie, bearded collie, labrador, rottweiler, harrier, gordon setter, and smithfield collie.

Nov. 2009. May watching the tailing with a black and white collie in the trialer.
Nov. 2009. May, a black and tan classical huntaway, watching the tailing with Clive, a black and white collie in the trailer. Just about every farmer owns at least one ATV quad. Some would say that the ATV has been the single biggest invention since the tractor. Now days they have power steering, 500cc, independent suspension, handle bar warmers. Farmers expect a lot from an ATV, needs to be 'Kiwi proof'. They are an indispensible tool for farmers. They need to be reliable and reasonably priced. Straight Furrow. In 2014 the farmers are changing to the UTV Honda Pioneer, with its improved safety and features and the dogs love the ride. Farmers look after their dogs. May and Tui in April 2014.

May and Tui. May's pup in April 2014.

All in a day’s work -
In 2010 New Zealand had between 100,000 and 150,000 farm dogs. Fences are a significant hazard to dogs. I remember seeing a black and white collie jumping over a fence and cutting himself all the way down the belly, the top wire was barbed wire.

Dr Dalton's blog - The working dog is an athlete.
Keith Stirling
Orari Gorge Station
Dry Creek sold 13,779ha
Up high amongst the snowgrass- three rough collies and one bearded
The beauty
Bev's photos -canvas - Blue Mountain mustering
Beyond the gate
Canine Work Force What is the value of a dog to a farmer? An extra person, have to work longer hours, an extra quad bike.. [manawatu-standard/rural/3307670]
A handy dog trail
Footrot Flats
Otematata Station Otematata township was built in 1958 as a base for the construction of the Aviemore and Benmore Dams. ECNZ (Electricity Corporation of NZ) used it as a base until the early 1990s. Prior to that there were a few high country sheep stations, Rostiever Run owned by the Munro family and Otematata Station owned by the Cameron family. 
Cloudy Range - photos on another page
A Dog's Show

Southern man's ride in the Mackenzie in Nov. 2011 complete with bull bars, a snorkel, couple of pens and high clearance. Ben in the back lying on a woolpack. Tailgate left down so he can see out.

I am a dog in a truck
I am a dog in a truck
Yelp, yelp
Yelp, Yelp
I am a dog.
K.P.W. Nov. 2007

Southern man's ride in 2014, 3.0 D-4D HiLux, at the Lindis heading for the Fairlie Show.

Southern Man's ride Fairlie Show Day, 2014- no need to go down School Rd. Just park in your own the paddock and climb over the fence.

Geraldine, Oct. 2017.

Fairlie Show Day 2014, the HiLux abounds. 3.0 D Colour favourite Red, green or white.

Marlborough Express, 25 August 1911, Page 2
A South Canterbury farmer had a disagreeable experience the other day. As a goods train was running between Albury and Fairlie, the fireman and the driver saw two dogs standing beside something lying in the snow at the side of the main road, which there is near the line. The train pulled up and the men went over, to find a man huddled up, mentally dazed, with bleeding scratches on his face and his clothes soaking wet. For a moment the enginemen thought him dead. They examined him carefully, found that no bones were broken, and with the help of the guard the man was earned into the guard's van, and taken to Fairlie, where a doctor was sent for. The man was recognised as a farmer, of Cricklewood, and it was ascertained that he had left Albury for home on horseback. Evidently, he had been thrown or had fallen off (there was evidence that he had been drinking) and the horse made off while his dogs kept guard over him. The faithful animals appeared to resent the approach of the railwaymen, but did not attack them. They jumped into the van after their master, and accompanied him to Fairlie.



Lyttelton Times, Volume I, Issue 11, 22 March 1851, Page 8
SHEEP DOOS FOR SALE, "FOUR FINE WHELPS, of the purest blood, from the north of Scotland, four months old, just landed from the Isabella Hercus. Apply to to Messrs. Shands, Christchurch.

Timaru Herald, 10 December 1885, Page 4
LOST from Silverstream about six week ago— A black rough COLLIE, with white star on chest answering to the name "Corbie," No. 557. Information to be sent to D. McLeod, Burkes Pass. Anyone detaining the dog after this date will be Prosecuted

Timaru Herald, 20 April 1899, Page 1 Lost and Found.
TEN SHILLINGS REWARD.— LOST at the Washdyke Yards on Tuesday last, a Black and Tanned Smooth- haired COLLIE DOG, eighteen months old ; answers to the name of Tweed. Anybody knowing his whereabouts will receive the above reward by communicating personally or by letter to GERALD CASEY, Claremont.

STRAYED my place on the 18th inst., a Black Smooth-haired COLLIE BITCH. Owner can have same by Paying Expenses. C. GUDEX, Claremont.  

Timaru Herald, 5 December 1912, Page 11
£1 REWARD. Lost from Fairlie. ONE LOW-SET BLACK AND LIGHT-TATNED COLLIE DOG. Finder kindly communicate with Captain. H. Heckler, Ribbonwood; or Mr Robinson, Gladstone, Fairlie.

Timaru Herald, 16 June 1914, Page 5 MAGISTERIAL.
Fairlie, Monday, June 15th. Before Messrs J. McGregor and C. Pilkington, JP's. John Purvis Morrison was fined 30s and costs for failing to attend military camp. Joseph Buttens, Junr., Cyril Blakeney, C. S. Forbes and H. T. Heckler, were each fined 5s and costs for failing to register dogs. R. E. Gillingham was also charged with same offence, but it was proved that these dogs had been registered under the name of Gillingham Bros., as owners.

Oamaru Mail 14 January 1920 Page 5
LOST, ten days ago, from ''Struan, '' Hakataramea, Black and White Rough Collie name "Tweed". Last seen making for Oamaru. Finder please communicate with Maider, "Struan." or this Office.

Oamaru Mail 30 January 1920 Page 5
LOST from Struan, Hakataramea, about January 10th. Black and tan Sheep dog. "Tweed."' Reward on recovery. Anyone detaining him after this appears will be prosecuted. - G. Ruddenklau, Oamaru.

Outside the Cave Arms Tavaren, Cave - Nov. 2009 - where the downfall of McKenzie started.
Cave - Nov. 2009 - where the downfall of McKenzie started. Southern man.

Fodor's - 2006 - Travel  The Southern Man
The laconic "Southern Man" has a special niche in the Kiwi mind—the typical specimen lives in the country, has a trusty dog by his side, is a rabid rugby fan, and adheres to a rugged lifestyle of farmwork, fixing the ute (pickup truck), and hitting the bars for pool and beer. Speight's beer has gotten a lot of mileage from this icon, using it for a successful Southern Man ad campaign, complete with a Southern Man theme song. ("Cuz here we just know/what makes a Southern boy tick/and it ain't margaritas/with some fruit on a stick..."). But this stereotype is rooted in reality. There are plenty of good, hardy blokes in Otago and Southland who dress in shorts and Swannies (Swanndri woollen bush shirts), drink Speight's beer, and work on farms. Before long some visitors may develop similar traits. If you find yourself saying things like "She's a hard road" and "She'll be right" when the going gets tough, then the process is well under way. To help the Southern Man find the right lady there is an annual Perfect Woman competition, with challenges such as digging in a fence post, backing a trailer loaded with hay, fitting snow chains, tipping a 242-pound ram, and opening a bottle of Speight's without a bottle opener. As the ad says, "It's a hard road to find the perfect woman."

Geraldine- November 2011


 Press, 16 April 1912, Page 8
A Collie Dog Society has been formed at Waimate with 110 members. Mr Bruce Gillies is president and Mr. B. F. Whitney secretary. Trials are to be held on May 16th.

 Press, 19 May 1913, Page 4 WAIMATE DOG TRIALS.
The second annual trials of the Waimate Collie Dog Club wore held at the Waimate Gorge on Thursday and Friday last. On Thursday a cold westerly gale blew, making the work difficult, and on Friday the weather was not much better. Mr E. C. Studholme, the president, provided suitable sheep. The judges were:—Messrs. D. Gardyne, and W. Menzies. Several special prizes were allotted to maiden Competitors, the term applying to man and as well as dog. Results: —
Class 1.head and bring back.— W. Lane's Rover, 22 1-2 points, £7.
J. Hendry's Gyp, 22 points, £3 10s, 2nd;
J. B. Purdue's Scamp, 21 points, £1 10s, 3rd;
J. C. Armstrong's Mac 4th.
Maiden's, W. Lane's Rover 1, J. Hendry's Gyp 2, B. F. Whitney's Dick 3.
Class II., Huntaway.— W. Bird's Clyde, 26 1-2 points, £5 1st;
B. Bryon's Stop 25 points, £2, 2nd;
D. and W. McKenzie's Roy 24 1-2 points. £1, 3rd:
Mckenzie's Wag 4th:
A. S. Smith's . Flight 5th
Maidens: W. Bird's Clyde 1
J. Bryron's Stop 25 points.
Class III. huntaways, bring back and drive. - J. McVey's Yarra, 29 points, £5, 1st;
J. Henderson's Sail (Ashburton), 28 points, £3, 2nd;
B. F. Whitney's Dick, 22 points, £2, 3rd:
J. Henry's Wait, 20 points, 4th.
Most points, at trial:— J. McVey's Yarra, 37 points, 1st; J. Henderson's Sail, 35 points, 2nd; Whitney's Dick, 31 points, 3rd.

Press, 2 February 1914, Page 5 Waimate
The annual meeting of the Sheep Dog Trial Club was held on Saturday. Mr E. C. Studholme (president) was in the chair. The year ended with a credit of £20 4s 5d. and began with a surplus of £16 5s 6d. The report referred to the signal success of local men at the recent trials. When rough weather seemed to put the professional dogs out of the running. The election of officers resulted as follows:—President, Jas. Henderson: vice-presidents, Messrs Studholme. McTaggart, W. Lane, C. Studholme, B. Gillies, M. McRae J. Elliot. W. Rutherford, P. Studholme, A. Craighead, A. Elliot. R. Cameron, and M. Elliot: committee. Messrs J. Bryson, Counihan, A. McDonald, J. Smillie, A. Judge. J. Cuthbertson, J. C. Armstrong. J. Cruickshank. M. McRae, M. Elliot, M. Leonard, T. Hamilton, and E. Leonard. It was resolved to recommend the committee to increase the prizes. Mr W. Lane offered £2 2s as a special prize. for the local man gaining most points at the coming trials; and Mr McTagart offered £1 1s for a similar purpose.

Press, 5 May 1914, Page 2
A meeting of the committee of the Waimate Sheep-dog Trial Club was held on Saturday. Mr J. Henderson, president in the chair. The secretary announced that the Oddfellows' Hall had been engaged for the annual social and dance. Mr H. T. Little, of Hawarden, kindly consented to act as judge at the annual trials. 

Press, 15 May 1914, Page 10
The Waimate Dog Trials opened yesterday in cloudy weather, the day being devoted to Class 1 (head, bring back, hold, and yard), which was not finished at dusk. The shepherds' race was won by J. Bryson, the stopping competition by W. Menzies, and the weight-guess by R. Sharp and A. Armstrong, who divided the prize-money. The annual ball was held last evening.

Dec. 2011 Timaru Courier
Historian musters dog trial club facts for book as centenary approaches
Amid a year of milestones, the Waimate Sheep Dog Trial Club has commissioned Waimate historian John Foley to write a book about its first 100 years. The club held its 100th annual trial last Friday and Saturday, and is planning to celebrate its centenary next April. Mr Foley said he was approached to write the book a year ago and had been working on what he called a ‘‘big task’’ since, by combing the club’s ‘‘scrupulous’’ records of membership, results and photographs. The club’s story would unfold against the backdrop of the Waimate district’s history, touching on events such as the Boer War, influenza, the world wars and the Depression, and the changes wrought by the breakup of the estates, the rehabilitation of returned serviceman, and the growth of dairy farming, he said. He had been struck by the loyalty shown to the club by a core group of families — unbroken throughout 100 years. ‘‘They have proved to be a fabric on which the district has developed and expanded,’’ he said. Mr Foley said there were many sheep dog trial clubs operating throughout the country, although for many New Zealanders, dog trialling was something they only saw on television. However, in days gone by, dog trialling had been a popular spectator sport — in one newspaper account of a club trial during World War 1, he had read that 300 people had walked from Waimate to the venue at Waimate Gorge. In another report, the writer had opined ‘‘dogs yapping was better than a military band’’. Mr Foley said the Waimate Sheep Dog Trial Club remained ‘‘strong and active’’, attracting entries to its annual trial from throughout the South Island. The draft of the book, which carries the working title of An Honorable Pursuit and the Story of a District, would be sent to the publisher by November, he said. The book will feature cartoons and landscape drawings by nationally renowned cartoonist David Henshaw, of Hamilton.

ODT by Sally Rae on Sat, 9 Apr 2011
For more than 40 years, Mr David Henshaw (72) has produced the cartoon character Jock, portraying appreciation of farming and rural life in a satirical way. When he was notified he was being honoured in this year's New Year's Honours list, he felt "like a stunned mullet". While honoured by the gesture, Mr Henshaw said it really belonged to the people and organisations throughout New Zealand who had ideas, were trying to do something, and had asked him "for a hand". Those organisations included the Waimate Sheep Dog Trial Club, which approached him to illustrate a book which was being written by Waimate historian and author John Foley. The club would hold its 100th trials next Friday and Saturday, while the club itself would officially turn 100 next year. Mr Henshaw, who was in Waimate this week, said it had been an "absolute joy" to be involved with the centennial book project and spend time in the town. "What a district. I feel at home . . . and I'm not kidding. "Everywhere I go and every time I turn around, the whole place just puts a smile on my face," he said.

16 Apr 2011 ODT by Sally Rae
EVERY rural community needs an Alice. Amid the hive of activity at last week’s Waimate Sheep Dog Trial Clubs annual trials was 79 year old Alice Ponsonby — the matriarch of the cookshop. Mrs Ponsonby, who moved to Waihao Downs 56 years ago, had no idea how long she had been involved with the trials — ‘‘I couldn’t tell you, I just haven’t a clue’’ — but it could span about 40 years. Her service has been recognised with the impending award of a life membership — the club’s only female life member. Not that such recognition sat comfortably with the straight talking community stalwart, who was quick to point out it was a team effort in the cookshop and she did not know why she was singled out. ‘‘I don’t do it for the honour. I just do it for the love of the community,’’ she said. Mrs Ponsonby arrived at the trials with a large platter of pikelets with cream topping and then busied herself in the kitchen. She refused to sit down, the other women said. Being able to whip up a spread was nothing new for the mother of 11 — five sons and six daughters — who recalled having to have nine school lunches ready by 8am. Originally from a farming background in the North Island, Mrs Ponsonby was used to rural life when she married and shifted south. She got involved with helping at the dog trials when her sons became involved with the sport and she was invited to help in the cookshop. Back then, it was hard work, as there were no electric jugs or fancy gadgets and hot water had to be boiled in a copper. It was also quite a social event and part of being involved in a rural community. ‘‘Now that’s the only community thing that’s going . . . in the district. Everything else is petering out; a thing of the past.’’ Although the club celebrated its 100th trials last week, the club itself officially turns 100 next year. Mrs Ponsonby was pleased to see it continue, saying it brought the community together. An interest in dogs had passed through the generations, with her granddaughter, running a huntaway at the trials. ‘‘It’s all she wants to do,’’ her mother, Clare, said.

The Mackenzie Country

In 1855 a Highland shepherd, James McKenzie, from Ross-shire Scotland, via Australia and Otago, with a bullock and his faithful dog Friday uplifted 1000 ewes from Taiko Flat, an outpost on the Levels Station, owned by the Rhodes Bros. and he was tracked up the Pareora riverbed as far as the gorge, then northwards along the along foot of the Hunter Hills to Mt Misery behind Cave, to Mt Dalgety and through the low pass that lead to a "tussock-covered plain, backed by high snowy mountains" and now bears Mckenzie's name and toward Burkes Pass. A stone cairn marks the spot where McKenzie was caught on March 4, 1855, while camped there with 1000 stolen sheep. His captors were John Sidebottom (Levels overseer) and his Maori companions, Taiko and Seventeen. The Mackenzie Pass was previously known only to Maori as Te Kopi Öpihi (the gorge of the Opihi). A.B. Smith found greenstone articles on his Monavale property probably dropped by the Maoris coming back from the West Coast. What happened to his dog Friday? "She was accustomed to being worked in Gaelic, and several tried her on sheep in that language, but whether their Gaelic smacked too much of the tussock and not sufficiently of the heather for her taste, or whether the work was too honest, I can't say, but she would work for no one." My brother has a black and white rough collie dog like that! He worked well for the seller who trained him but won't work for him. When a Collie changes hands, his original handler may make a tape of the dog's whistle commands so the new owner can get them right. At Lake Tekapo near the Church of the Good Shepherd there is a bronze statue dedicated to the collie dog. In Fairlie, on Main Street, there is a bronze statue of McKenzie and his faithful dog Friday (2003) by the Canterbury artist Sam Mahon. He also did the Southern Man (2000) at Dunedin Airport. Another memorial, a Historic Places marker, on a rock, at Dog Kennel Corner in the Mackenzie honours the boundary dogs, SH 8 above Burkes Pass. "In early times before these roads were fenced, a boundary dog was kennedlled here to hold back station sheep."

Nov. 2011 “James McKenzie and his collie dog looking down upon their stolen flock. He faces into the wind, hand held above his valuable “eye dog” poised to do its instinctive duty of silently herding sheep.”

Snow and Jake in Fairlie New Years Day at the old Fairlie Railway Station at the museum. Jake, the dog was tri-coloured. Snow, the pet sheep, was born 5th August 1973 in 4ft snow on a hill block on "Ribbonwood" abandoned by her mother, spent the first six weeks of her life in the hot water cylinder cupboard, a true lifelong pet. She was never bothered by the sheepdogs, she went where she wanted to go, she didn't obey them. She always had twins every year. If the cottage gate was left open she knew it and would run down the drive and through the gate to the vegetable garden, a good half mile.

Bowyang. A piece of string or flax or lace tied round below the knee to keep the trousers from dragging on the knee. Shearers often wear them. (Acland: The Early Canterbury Runs)
Bowyang. (Bo-yang) a strap or string tied below the knee of a workman's trousers to prevent them from dragging on the ground. (The NZ Contemporary Dictionary, Whitcombe & Tombs Ltd)

Auckland Star,  4 March 1931, Page 6 USE OP THE BOWYANG.
Dear M.A.T.— For years my friends have told me that I hitch my corduroy trousers too high above the boot. Can this be so? As a bowyang lover, I have always tied the knot correctly, and I am sure I have never been accused of immodesty. —Waterside Willie.
Dear Willie. Do not be discouraged. You are evidently a brave pioneer of fashion without knowing it. Nothing can be more distasteful than a frayed trouser-leg. You should take my first course in bowyang-tying.—M.A.T.

  A few years later, another New Year's Day parade, Fairlie. The dog is Sam.

Farmers best friend
March 8, 1968 Said at the unveiling of the collie statue at Tekapo to Sir Arthur Espie Porritt.
R.L.G. Talbot, MP for the district, said the Mackenzie was an area steeped in the history of pastoral farming. "Even during your term as governor-general you are destined to see many changes in the Mackenzie. Science and modern technology will play a vital part, but the shepherd's friend and servant, the sheep dog, will remain to muster the profits of pastoral progress," said Mr Talbot.

Here is to the men who fed, trained and handled these collie dogs on the hill were not a faint-hearted type, but tanned and fit, hard and contemptuous of summer heat and winter's icy blasts.   This image has gone global thanks to the www and digital cameras. The statue is mounted on a huge greywacke boulder and the base consists of rocks and stones taken from the Jollie River.
"This monument was erected by the runholders of the Mackenzie County and those who also appreciate the value of the collie dog, without the help of which, the grazing of this mountain county would be impossible."
  Unveiled on March 7th, 1968 by Sir Arthur C.B. Porritt, Bt. C.C.M.C., K.C.V.C.. C.B.E., Governor General of New Zealand.  "Beannachdan Air na Cu Caorach." Sculptured by Mrs Innes Elliot, a Mackenzie farmer's wife. The model was sent to England for casting in brass.

"To be young and fit and keen, alone in a mountain world with only the skyline beyond: what a life for a young man" a shepherd, Reg Winn, voiced of his first experiences as a high-country musterer in the Mackenzie Country. 


Evening Post, 2 August 1879, Page 2
Timaru. This Day. News has just come in which places it beyond doubt that John Smith and Duncan Morrison, the two men missing from the Rollesby station, in the Mackenzie Country, have been buried under an
avalanche. Morrison was buried in Geraldine and Smith in Burkes Pass. Mr Thornhill Cooper has taken photographs of the place.

July 1879 John W. Smith, 19 years of age, son of A.B. Smith, the owner of Rollesby, and Duncan Morrison, age between 40 and 50 years, the head shepherd, and three dogs, were caught in an avalanche on the Rollesby Range. Only one dog made it home. Their bodies were recovered six weeks later. Morrison left a wife and five little children. John's headstone at Burkes Pass is a white marble column, broken off at the top, is symbolic of what A.B. thought of his son - a young life cut in its prime. John was very proud of his dogs and trained then to the extent that three dogs would control three different mobs simultaneously. Only one dog made it back to the Rollesby. Mr Duncan Morrison was a man of between 40 and 50 years of age, a man thoroughly experienced in hill-work and snow. He, poor fellow, leaves a wife and five little children totally un-provided for. The death of these two has created great sorrow here, and much sympathy is felt for the bereaved ones. I have written of the missing ones as dead, because there it now no hope of their being found alive. I may mention that Dim of the three dogs which accompanied Mr Smith and Mr Morrison, returned to Rollesby on Friday, but the others have not done so. Another search party will go out early to-morrow (Tuesday) morning.

Photo taken 27th March 2016. R.B. Sibly, Timaru, stonemason.
Burkes Pass Cemetery

Timaru Herald, 20 July 1888, Page 4
The Oamaru correspondent of the Otago Daily Times telegraphed on the evening of the 18th as follows : — "Inspector Thompson has received information that Edward Smith, head shepherd at the Hakateramea Downs station, perished in she snow on Monday night. During the heavy fall of snow which took place in the Upper Hakateramea Valley last week large numbers of sheep were buried. On Monday morning Smith and four others were despatched to muster the sheep in the snow. The other men on returning to the station at half-past 5 at night observed Smith ahead of them making his way to the station. On arrival the men were surprised that Smith had not readied the station. After tea all hands were formed into a search party, and continued out until 1 o'clock on Tuesday morning. Although one dog was found, no sign of Smith was seen. The search party were out again early on Tuesday morning, and at 9 o'clock the body was found lying face downwards in a creek two miles from the station. In his efforts to reach home Smith had evidently fallen over the face of a rock 8ft. high, and then over another face 10ft. high, as there were traces of blood where he had crawled about 50 yards from where he first fell. It is intended to bring the body down to Sandhurst (Kurow) to hold an inquest. The distance is 30 miles. Smith was a single man, between 30 and 40. It is not known whether he had any relatives in the colony or not."

Alex S. Smith - probably juding the dog trails at the Burkes Pass. Untimely Accidents

Ashburton Guardian, 7 May 1906, Page 2 Fatality at Mesopotamia.  SHEPHERD'S SAD FATE
An accident occurred at Mesopotamia Station on Friday, when Ernest Oscar Charles Gilman, head shepherd, was killed by falling down a sharp spur of the hills when mustering. When the other musterers got down with their sheep in the evening, deceased was missed, and a search party started about. The body was found at about one o'clock on Saturday morning. The accident is supposed to have happened owing to the slippery state of the country, caused by severe frosts, following on rain and snow. The parents of deceased, for whom much sympathy is felt, reside at Alford Forest. The funeral will leave the residence of deceased's father at Alford to-morrow afternoon.

Wanganui Herald, 9 May 1906, Page 7 Inquest  aged 23yrs.
Ashburton, May 8. An inquest was held at Mount Somers yesterday touching the death of Ernest Oscar Gillman, head shepherd of Mesopotamia Station, who was killed on the 4th inst. while mustering sheep on the mountain side. The evidence showed that deceased was evidently struck on the head by a falling boulder, and was instantly killed, the body falling down the snow clad mountain side. A verdict in accordance with the evidence was returned.

Feilding Star, 8 May 1906, Page 2
May 7. The police have received a message from Methven stating that the head shepherd on the Mesopotamia station, named Ernest Oscar Gilman, was killed by slipping and falling on the frozen surface of a steep spur on the station on the 4th inst. when mustering. When the other shepherds got down off the hills with their sheep Gillman was missing, and a search party was at once organised. The body of deceased was found at 1 a.m. on the 5th inst. with the dogs guarding. It is presumed that he was killed instantaneously by the fall as the ground is treacherous, a covering of snow having been frozen by severe frosts. 

Hawera & Normanby Star, 28 May 1909, Page 5
FATAL FALL OVER A CLIFF. Ashburton, May 27.
Hugh Urquhart, aged 26, single, was killed by falling over a cliff while rabbit poisoning at Mesopotamia yesterday afternoon. Deceased's parents reside close to Geraldine. About three years ago a man named Gillman was killed in the same manner in the same locality, and the country is known to be very rough and dangerous.

Ashburton Guardian, 27 May 1909, Page 3
Sergeant Fouhy received word from the stationmaster at Mount Somers to-day that a man named Hugh Urquhart, aged 26, and single, had been killed by falling over a cliff while rabbit-poisoning at Mesopotamia yesterday afternoon. The body will be brought to Mount Somers, and Constable Moore has been instructed to arrange for an inquest, which will probably take place to-morrow morning. The young man's parents reside about eight miles from Geraldine. About three years ago a man named Gillman was killed in the same manner while mustering sheep in the same locality. The country where the fatalities occurred is known to be extremely rough and dangerous.

Ross Beattie was killed on "Lochaber", beyond Sherwood Downs, by an avalanche while snow raking 24 July 1954. His mother (1909 - 2009) was an Urquhart, she had married Haldon Beattie. 1954/32998 Beattie, Ross Andrew age 24 years.  

Alexander Bruce Smith died of an untimely accident, being gored by a bull at age 63.
John at age 19 was buried by an avalanche on Rollesby
Alexander Searle Smith died of an accident a fall from his horse in Fairlie at age 84.

Timaru Herald, 10 May 1893, Page 2
J. Keane, Pleasant Point — Has laid poison for dogs.

Timaru Herald, 9 September 1895, Page 2
A very valuable collie dog, belonging to Mr John Keane, was poisoned on Friday, during the time the owner was attending divine service at the Convent, Kerrytown. When the owner last saw the dog alive he was lying down beside his horse, which he had tied up to a fence, and after the service was over the poor animal was found dead on the Convent steps.

Oamaru Mail, 9 July 1898, Page 3
Timaru, July 9. A young man named George Grimmer, shepherd at Rollesby Station, was thrown from his horse on the hills on Thursday and broke his leg. He lay out all Thursday night, the worst night of the present winter, and was frost bitten in the fingers and toes. He was found by the other station hands next day and brought in to the hospital to-day.

Wanganui Herald, 15 July 1898, Page 3 His dogs saved his life by keeping him warm overnight.
The particulars of the accident to Grimmer, a shepherd on the Rollesby Station, who was taken to Timaru on Saturday with a broken leg, and was severely frostbitten, show that he had a frightful time on Thursday night. He left his horse on the roadside, and went up the ridge to bring down some sheep that were snowbound. As he came along the ridge a whirlwind caught him, and lifted him off his legs, and he was thrown down the face of a spur, his leg being broken. He took several hours to crawl to some rocks that were sticking out of the snow, and having gained these he buried his legs in the snow, and lay with, his dogs at his side all night. His horse was found next day, and search parties found the man in the creek, Mackenzie Stream, a mile from the road, he having dragged himself to this spot from a spur above. He was then carried to a trap on Burkes Pass road, and the party reached Rollesby at 3 a.m. A doctor was in attendance, and the patient was made as comfortable as possible, and then taken down to the hospital at Timaru. Fortunately the weather on Friday was mild and quiet. Had it been as rough as on Thursday and Saturday the chances are that the man would never have been brought out alive. The accident adds one more to the long list that have occurred in the winter in the snow bound, tempest swept Mackenzie Country.

Alexander Bruce SMITH married Sarah Louisa ROWNTREE in Tasmania, Aust. in 1859.

Evening Star 16 February 1893 Page 2
The death occurred last week of Mr Alexander Bruce Smith, who for twenty years had been a settler in the Burkes Pass district, at Rollesby, Waratah, and Mona Vale. Mr Smith arrived in Otago in 1858, and for some time held the Merino Downs Station in Otago, and then removed to South Canterbury and the Albury district. He was universally liked and respected, and as a colonist has left his mark in substantially Improved properties, especially through his love of forestry.

Lyttelton Times 14 February 1893 Page 5
A large number of persons from all the surrounding districts assembled at Burke’s Pass Cemetery on Thursday, to pay the last tribute of respect and esteem to Mr Alexander Bruce Smith, who for twenty years had been a settler in the neighbourhood, at Rollesby, Waratah and Mona Vale. Mr Smith arrived in Otago in 1868, and for some time held the Merino Downs station in Otago, and then removed to South Canterbury and the Albury district. He was universally liked and respected, and as a colonist has left his mark in substantially improved properties, especially through his love of forestry. Mr Smith also took an interest in local affairs, and was during moat of the twenty years he spent in South Canterbury a member of his Road Board or County Council. A fortnight ago he was attacked by a young bull in a paddock near his home, and so injured about the chest that his recovery was almost hopeless from the first. Numerous floral offerings were placed on the grave, and on all sides were heard sincere expressions of sorrow for his untimely and painful end. The deceased leaves a widow, seven sons and four daughters.

Alexander B. Smith, was born in 1833 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, was apprenticed to the business of shipbuilding. He was a boatbuilder in Tasmania. He built and sailed vessels to Dunedin. He subsequently traded to N.Z. with three ships of his own, one built by himself and two purchased, but he sold out in 1861. In 1858 he landed in Otago and purchased the Merino Downs station in southern Otago. He later sold that and brought The Mistake with William Sanders and The Wolds in 1869 but took deliver of the station in March 1868. He then sold those stations and brought Rollesby in 1872 from where he gifted land for the Burkes Pass Cemetery. The Mistake (now Godley Peaks) was purchased by Radove. A.B.'s son John Watson Smith, buried in an avalanche, on Rollesby in 1879. Smith freeholded Rollesby in the 1870s. In 1882 Smith sold Rollesby to Capt. Hayter. After selling out that property in the Mackenzie Country he eventually bought "Monavale," near Coal Creek, a block off the original Levels Station and off Rollesby and in 1884 established a fine merino stud, with 105 ewes from Mr H.R. Kermode, of Monavale, Tasmania, and of three rams from the Hon. James Gibson, of Bellevue. He named Monavale after a station in Tasmanian where he had worked and this flock and was subsequently removed to "Waratah," near Albury. Smith purchased Waratah Station out of the Opawa run. Mr F. Smith, the third son, who manages Waratah station, contested the Timaru seat with the Hon. W. Hall-Jones at the general election of 1896, and also at that of November 1902, when he received 1394 votes. Frank Smith purchased the Waratah run in 1906. Reference: Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition. Vol. 3 pages 946-950 Published 1903

Obituary: Tasmanian newspaper.
The death at Mona Vale, New Zealand, of Mr. Alexander Bruce Smith, formerly of Tasmania, was announced in yesterday's issue. Mr. Smith, with his parents and late brother, arrived in Tasmania by the ship Thomas, at the early age of two years. He served his apprenticeship to the ship-building, with the late John Watson, and from the expiration thereof to his leaving for New Zealand, he was actively engaged in the timber trade. Prior to his leaving for New Zealand he married the eldest daughter of Mr. E. C. Rowntree, of this city. In addition to a very large circle of friends in Tasmania, he leaves two sisters (Mrs. R. Blackwood and Mrs. J. Firth, of Kingston), to mourn their loss.

Timaru Herald,, 25 September 1914, Page 5 THE LATE MRS A. B. SMITH.
As will be known as the year of the Great War so too will it be remembered by the old established families of South Canterbury as the year most tragic to its last vanishing "Beads." The latest of their number to join the great majority is Mrs A.B. smith who died Sunday evening at her residence in Elizabeth Street. To a generation of Mackenzie Country sheepmen now almost gone, those of the seventies and eighties, the name of Mrs A.B. Smith was synonymous with progress and public spiritedness. With the fencing of the open sheep runs and planting of large belts of hardy pines. Wholesome ambition, energy, broadness of view, the whole coloured and interwoven with back country hospitality- such were the characters of Alexander Bruce Smith and his worthy helpmeet. Mrs Smith was born in Tasmanian 77 years ago, of Quaker stock, being a member of the well-known Yorkshire family of Rowntrees. In 1858 Mrs Smith came to Dunedin with her husband who shortly after probably in 1861, took up Merino Downs Station near Tapanui. Those were the days of the early "rushes,'' when every station homestead on the roads to the diggings must needs be open houses in the widest meaning of the term. It was nothing unusual for Merino Downs to put up at at night twenty and thirty diggers, and no truer index as to the lavishnessness of early day station hospitality need be asked for than to record the fact that the station stood the strain of such a tax and that Mrs Smith with several small children and probably no help never refused a traveller a meal nor a shakedown. In 1869 or '70 the Smiths sold out of Merino Downs and in partnership with Mr William Saunders bought the Wolds and the Mistake stations from the Hall family. The journey from Timaru by bullock dray occupied a week. Later Mr Smith acquired Rollesby Station at Burkes Pass from the Ensors, and successfully farmed the freehold homesteads at Waratah and Marta Vale. At each of these homes Mr and Mrs Smith showed their passionate attachment to trees setting an object lesson as to the benefits of tree planting to many a household in the environs of the Mackenzie Country. In common with most back-country women of the pioneer age, Mrs Smith ...her many acts of kindness to workers and neighbours in years when relations between employed and employers were less artistically than they are to-day will doubtless never be recorded, but there was many a bullock driver and shepherd in the olden days who had cause to speak well of "Mrs. A. B." Of the many hardships and trials inseparable with such a life, the most heartbreaking experience was the lost of her eldest son John, a fine lad of nineteen, who with the head shepherd Morrison was overwhelmed by an avalanche on the Rollesby range in 1879. Mrs Smith's memory is mourned by a family of three daughters and seven sons, Mr F. H. Smith. M.P.. for Waitaki being the third surviving son.

A. B. Smith's photo is on cover of book 'Ships, Sheep and Shepherds'

Otago Witness, 9 May 1906, Page 36
Changes. — Land is changing hands very freely, and prices are at such a pitch that one could say that we were in the midst of a mild boom. Mr Frank Smith, of "The Homestead," Albury, has sold his run, freehold and leasehold, to Mr Foster Neill, of
Tumai, Otago. Mr Mitchell sold the Waratah property of nearly 5000 acres to Mr William Cunningham as a going concern for over £20,000. Mr Cunningham a few days afterwards sold the land to Mr Frank Smith. The stock was sold 10 days ago, and one of the most successful sales we have had in the district resulted. Sheep brought up to 235, and horses sold equally well. Mr Smith sold his stock last Wednesday, and very good prices were obtained.

Timaru Herald, 6 November 1883, Page 2 Stud Ram
From the Hobart Mercury of October 22nd we clip the following : — Mr Alexander Smith, who is now on a visit to Tasmania from New Zealand, has obtained through Mr Maurice Weston, one of Mr David Taylor's noted pure merino rams, from his famed St. Johnstone flocks. Golden Fleece is a fine-framed handsome animal showing a beautiful fleece of the finest wool which, after he was shorn on Saturday weighed nearly 17 1b. Golden Fleece was bred by Mr Taylor from a selected ewe, his sire being the celebrated Snowball, one of his brothers recently realising l50gs. Golden Fleece belongs to a stock of prize-takers both in Tasmania and Australia, and his pedigree goes back to Mr James Gibson's well-know Bellevue ram Old Sir Thomas. Golden Fleece is destined for Timaru, where he will be placed amongst a selection of stud ewe from the flocks of Mr W. A. Kermode. Mr Smith, though a visitor, is no stranger to Hobart, where the early days of his life were spent in the shipbuilding establishment of Mr John Watson, at Battery Point. Sheep farming, however, was more attractive, and he entered largely into pastoral pursuits in New Zealand with marked success.

The discovery of gold in Victoria, which proved such a drain on our Hobart population, seriously affected Mr. Watson, as his apprentices as well as his journeymen left him under the powerful attraction. In 1856 Mr Watson’s Ship-yard  was offered for sale. In 1858 A.B. sailed to Otago.

Otago Witness 12 January 1899, Page 30
Wool Sales.— On the 30th ult. the second sale of the season was held in Timaru, when great was the disappointment for all except the few fortunate ones who had merino, and they were few indeed. Mr M'Leod, Burke's Pass, had, I believe, the pride of place in halfbreds, whereas Mr F. H. Smith topped the list with merinos with his stud ewe and hogget wool, the bellies of which commanded more than was ruling for crossbred — The flock has been suffering under a great disadvantage — viz., early in the winter they were transferred from Mona Vale with its more congenial climate up to Waratah, their present location, where they had to undergo the trials of the severest spring ever experienced, according to that eminent authority, the oldest resident. These sheep which previously had never seen snow had, one might say, virtually to be ploughed out, after being snow-bound for a week. Consequently Mr Smith might well estimate his return from them of 2s per head "below what would have been clipped had the usual care of stud sheep been meted out to them. The breeding flock (fine and strong combing), 400 ewes, returned 11 bales of fleece averaging over 3cwt 39lb, sold at 8 1/4d per lb. The ewe hoggets, off tussock, ram hogs totally grass fed, and 16 aged rams averaged over 12 lb.

Alexander Searle Smith (1863-1948)Alexander Searle Smith and wife Sarah Louisa Smith
lexander Searle Smith was the son of Alexander Bruce Smith. Alex S. Smith lived in Fairlie from about 1901 until 1948 when he died as the result of a fall from a horse. Fairlie closed for business, as a mark of respect to him, on the day of his funeral. The local newspaper mentioned his fall, 17 June, 1948, it was not the Timaru Herald.  

Press, 19 August 1936, Page 12 MR FRANK SMITH
Timaru August 18. The death of Mr Frank Smith, which occurred at “Waratah,” Albury, South Canterbury, on Monday, removed one of the best-known sheep farmers in the South Island. Born at Long Bay, Tasmania, in 1868. Mr Smith arrived in New Zealand as a lad with his father, and lived with him on Rollesby Station. Mistake Station, and Wolds Station in the Mackenzie country. Later Mr Smith, sen., removed to Mona Vale, Albury, and afterwards to “Waratah.” Mr F. Smith purchased “Albury Park,” which he occupied for some time, subsequently selling it to take over “Waratah.” Mr Smith was educated at the Burke’s Pass and the Timaru Main Schools. From 19H to 1914 he represented the Waitaki constituency in Parliament, and for a time he was a member of the Timaru Harbour Board and the Timaru High Schools’ Board. Military matters claimed his attention, and he was a lieutenant in the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles, Mr Smith was one of the most successful breeders of merinos in New Zealand in his day, and was a wellknown exhibitor, winning many championships at metropolitan shows. Recently he shipped sheep to South America at prices which were very satisfactory. As a flockmaster Mr Smith was unexcelled. In his younger days Mr Smith was a keen athlete, being particularly good over 440 hurdles. At one time he was captain of the Mackenzie Football Club. He is survived by a widow and young family of two daughters and one son.


In 1883 Mary Ada, the second daughter of A.B. Smith married Herbert Maitland eldest son of James Maitland of Dunedin. Herbert managed Lake Ohau for the National Mortgage Company. He was out of there by 1888 and two years late Mary died at age 27.

Timaru Herald September 1883
MAITLAND - SMITH - On the 1st August, at St Mary's Church, Timaru, the the Ven. Archdeacon Harper, Herbert, eldest son of James Maitland of Dunedin, to Mary Ada, second daughter of A.B. Smith, late of Rollesby.

September 1890
MAITLAND. On the 8th inst, at the Hospital, Timaru, Mary, the beloved wife of Herbert Maitland, aged 27 years. 

Timaru Herald, 15 September 1890, Page 2
There was a very large attendance of sympathising friends of the family at the funeral of the late Mrs Maitland [27 years], which took place at Burke's Pass on Thursday [Sept 11]. The coffin reached Fairlie Creek from Timaru by Wednesday evening's train and was placed in the Union church till next morning. A start was made for Burkes Pass at 9 a.m., and the journey's end was made at 11 o'clock. The funeral was held at half-past one, Captain F. Hayter reading the burial service at the church, when the coffin was borne to the cemetery by friends of the deceased. Mrs Maitland, as Miss Smith, had spent many years in the Burke's Pass district, where she was highly esteemed, and one of the largest gatherings ever seen at Burke Pass assembled to express their sorrow and sympathy with the beloved family. The deceased  [Plot 17 Block: B ] was buried in the family plot of her father Mr A. B. Smith, and beside her brother [John, Plot 18 Block: B ] who was killed by a snow slide in 1879.

8 February 1893, Page 2
Smith — At Mona Vale on 6th February, 1893, Alexander Bruce Smith ; aged 62. Funeral TH 11 Feb. 1893. He died in 1893 the result of being gored by a bull. A.B. is buried in Burkes Pass [Plot 20 Block: B]. Rev. James Clarke conducted the service. He left a widow, seven sons and four daughters. [His wife Sarah Louisa Smith is also buried at Burkes Pass]

Otago Witness 23 February 1893, Page 20
The death occurred last week of Mr Alexander Bruce Smith, who for 20 years had been a settler in the Burkes Pass district, at Rollesby, Waratah, and Mona Vale. Mr Smith arrived in Otago in 1858, and for some time held the Merino Downs station in Otago, and then removed to South Canterbury and the Albury district. He was universally liked and respected, and as a colonist has left his mark in substantially improved properties, especially through his love of forestry.

Timaru Herald 17 February 1894, Page 2 Marriage
Smith—Mee—On Feb 13th, at St. Mary's Church, Timaru, by the Ven. Archdeacon Harper, Herbert George, son of the late A.B. Smith, Mona Vale, to Agnes Elizabeth, daughter of John Mee, Timaru [Herbert George Smith is buried in Rhodesia]

KERR. On May 9th, 1888, Mrs A. Kerr, youngest sister of A.B. Smith, North Street, Timaru.

GILLINGHAM - SMITH. On July 5th, 1888 at St. Mary's Church, Timaru, by the Ven. Archdeacon Harper, Sandham Gillingham, of Fairlie Creek, to Annie Louisa, eldest daughter of A.B. Smith, Timaru. [she is buried in London]

Timaru Herald, 2 March 1911, Page 4 Death
GILLINGHAM.— On Saturday, 25th February, at London, Annie Louisa, wife of Sandham of Fairlie, and eldest daughter of Mrs A. B. Smith, Timaru.

Southland Times 10 May 1900, Page 2 Marriage
Smith — Rowley — On 3rd May, 1900, at Avondale, Southland, by the Ven. Archdeacon Stocker, Robert Kermode, son of the late Alexander Bruce Smith, of Mona Vale, South Canterbury, to Betty, daughter of the late John Cotton Rowley, and grand-daughter of the late Archdeacon Mathias.

Timaru Herald, 31 July 1902, Page 2
KIRKLAND—SMITH. On the 24th of July, at St. Mary's Church, Timaru, by the Ven. Archdeacon Harper, John, youngest son of the late Rev. J. Kirkland, of Outram, Otago, to Hannah Gertrude (Nancy), youngest daughter of the late A. B. Smith, of Mona Vale, South Canterbury, New Zealand. Tasmania and Australian papers please copy.

North Otago Times, 23 February 1894, Page 3 Magistrate's court witnesses
Sheep did not dry much in muggy weather. Alex. Searle Smith, a sheep farmer at Albury, was at Benmore on the 10th of January, and examined some wool there which had been packed up in various wrappings. Fleeces packed in this way would retain any moisture. He had examined the fleeces, and he noticed no difference in the former. He could have detected traces if the wool had been packed up damp. Rain with wind more quickly penetrated the wool of sheep.
To Mr Harvey: Wool packed damp could easily be detected. It lost its lustre, was creasy and lifeless. If packed wet, it became sodden and matted.
Sandham Gillingham, sheep farmer in the Mackenzie Country, said he had examined packages of wool at the request of Mr Middleton, which were dry and had been packed away dry. Wool packed up damp always retained evidences of the fact. A station manager would be foolish to shear wet sheep.

Press 23 September 1919 Page 1
SMITH — On 19th. 1919, at her residence, "Waratah," Albury, Emily Louisa, wife of F. H. Smith; in her 63rd year. Private interment.

Evening Post, 18 August 1936, Page 11 MR. F.H. Smith This day.
The death has occurred of Mr. Francis Henry Smith, of "Waratah," Albury, Canterbury, aged 68. He was a Member of the House of Representatives for Waitaki from 1911 to 1914.

Press 19 August 1936 Page 12
TIMARU August 18. The death of Mr Frank Smith, which occurred at “Waratah,” Albury, South Canterbury, on Monday, removed one of the best-known sheep farmers in the South Island. Born at Long Bay, Tasmania, in 1868. Mr Smith arrived in New Zealand as a lad with his father, and lived with him on Rollesby Station. Mistake Station, and Wolds Station in the Mackenzie country. Later Mr Smith, sen., removed to Mona Vale, Albilry, and afterwards to “Waratah.” Mr F. Smith purchased “Albury Park,” which he occupied for some time, subsequently selling it to take over “Waratah.” Mr Smith was educated at the Burke’s Pass and the Timaru Main Schools. From 1911 to 1914 he represented the Waitaki constituency in Parliament, and for a time he was a member of the Timaru Harbour Board and the Timaru High Schools’ Board. Military matters claimed his attention, and he was a lieutenant in the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles, Mr Smith was one of the most successful breeders of merinos in New Zealand in his day, and was a wellknown exhibitor, winning many championships at metropolitan shows. Recently he shipped sheep to South America at prices which were very satisfactory. As a flockmaster Mr Smith was unexcelled. In his younger days Mr Smith was a keen athlete, being particularly good over 440 hurdles. At one time he was captain of the Mackenzie Football Club. He is survived by a widow and young family of two daughters and one son.

Press, 28 March 1944, Page 2 Engagement
Mrs Frank H. Smith, Waratah, Fairlie, wishes to announce the engagement of her elder daughter, Helen Francis, to Robert Bruce Galloway, Seaforth Highlanders, son of Mrs and the late Mr B. S. Galloway, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Press, 21 October 1944, Page 1 Marriage
GALLOWAY — SMITH — On September 30 at Worthing, Sussex, England, Helen, elder daughter of Mrs and the late Francis. H. Smith, of Waratah, Fairlie, to Lieutenant Robert B. Galloway (The Seaforth Highlanders), of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Timaru Herald, 9 February 1878, Page 3
Timaru.— Friday, Feb. 8. (Before B. Woollcombe, Esq.., R.M.) Breach of Sheep ordinance. A. B. Smith appeared in answer to a summons issued against him by John and Robert Rutherford, proprietors of the Opawa Station, in which he was charged with having mustered his sheep on the Roseberry [sic Rollsbury] Station without giving the usual twenty-four hours' notice to the owners of the adjoining runs.

The collies are icons of rural life and have contributed to the economy since farming started here.

The Shows

Timaru Herald, 28 October 1886, Page 3 DOGS.
The show of dogs this year was a very good one, and came in for a good deal of attention, more especially by shepherds find farmers, who criticised the dogs closely. The entries were somewhat in excess of those last year, 16 dogs being carded, as against 10. There was only one class, namely, "best collie dog on the ground," and to decide which was in their opinion the best dog for all-round work, such as hill work, paddock and road work, the judges had some difficulty in making up their minds. The dogs were, with one or two exceptions, all well suited for the purpose for which they are used, and were considered to be very good class. A rough collie, owned by Mr A. H. W. Smith, was, after careful consideration, awarded first honors, and there is no doubt that in many points he was justly entitled to such. He is a very pretty, though rather long dog, and appears to have been fairly well looked after. One of his chief characteristics is his remarkably intelligent head. He has, however, one great fault to mar his other qualities, from a shepherd's point of view, and that is that his feet are a little too much splayed, which renders him unfit for rough hill work. Otherwise he is a very good specimen of a sheep dog. The second prize taker, Mr Colin Campbell's black and white dog Shot, appeared to be a very fair all-round dog, and should, from his looks, give a good account of himself in any sort of work. Mr W. Griffs. Smith's Glen, which received a highly commended, appeared to be a serviceable kind of a dog. The others, though very fair dogs, did not receive as much comment as those named, with the exception of a white Cheviot Hill collie, which was thought by many who were competent to express an opinion to be quite as good as those that were awarded prizes. The manner of judging the dogs, we might mention, did not, apparently, meet with much favour by several of those interested, and the opinion was expressed that they should, instead of being judged simply by their looks while chained up, have been let loose, and by some experienced shepherd sent to round up a few sheep. This would have shown better their capabilities of working sheep, for it is a well known fact that very often the ugliest and shaggiest dog is proved to be the best.  

Timaru Herald, 27 October 1887, Page 3
The collie dogs were a creditable lot, but the smoothed-haired class was not well represented. Mr T. Hamlyn secured first prize and Mr G. McMillan second. There were nine entries in the rough-haired class. Mr A.H. Wilson-Smith's entry, a well-bred animal, secured first honours, and Mr W. Grant came second with an exhibit, to all appearance, equally good. The entry of Mr W. Rich was highly commended.

Over the years A.B. and his boys and grandsons entered merinos in the Christchurch, Oamaru, Timaru and Fairlie A& P Shows.

Still hanging in the old Waratah woolshed, April 2010. Frank H. Smith - exhibitor

Button, John and Leslie, Ray. Easter Monday in the High Lands, A Century of Mackenzie Highland Shows 1899 -1998.
ISBN 0-473-005511-2. Published by the Mackenzie A & P Society, Fairlie 1998. 334pp Printed by Rangiora Print, 3 Blake St, Rangiora. Includes biographies of the past presidents with a photo of each. e.g.
1911 Alexander S. Smith b. 1863
1920 William Tasman Smith (Tas Smith) (1876 -1939) etc.

Al.S. S. ("Alex") was born in 1863 at Merino Downs, [near Gore]. The family lived in Tasmania for three years then moved to the Wolds station in 1870, the later to Rollesby and settled at Mona Vale [Cave]. He was a first decade pupil at Burkes Pass School and later attended Timaru Main School. He farmed at Rollesby and in 1888 married Miss Louisa Ferens of Oamaru, settling in Fairlie in 1901. As a young man he was a keen athlete, playing cricket, rugby and tennis. He was also an enthusiastic member of the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles. Always interested in local affairs. Mr Smith was a member of the Mackenzie County Council for a number of years and served on the Kimbell, Te Ngawai and Fairlie School committees. He was also a member of the Fairlie Saleyards Committee, and the Silverstream Gun Club, the Fairlie Racing club, and was a foundation member of the Mackenzie Collie Dog Club. He was familiar figure at the annual dog trails missing only one day's trails in 58 years and having a dog competing at every meeting. He saw the great importance of trees, planting a great number. He had a host of friends in the district and was a familiar figure either on horseback or driving his gig. He always signed his name Al. S. Smith, saying that otherwise he would be a perpetual A.S.S. He was Secretary of the Society in 1922-23 and was made a Life member in 1925. He built his own house at Fairlie and when peace was declared after the First World War he flew flags on the power poles as a celebration. He was a generous man, and highly respected. he had a flowing white beard later in life. He later did some droving round Fairlie until in 1948 at the age of 84 he fell from his horse when it shied outside the camping grounds. He died the next day and the Burkes Pass dog trails that year were held in his honour. All business in Fairlie closed the day he was buried at Burkes Pass. He was survived by four daughters, three sons, 25 grandchildren and ten great-grandchildren. His brother, W.T. Smith, was President at the Mackenzie A.& P. Association in 1920. A.S. Smith house burnt down in Fairlie, and a lot of Mackenzie history records were destroyed. 

Presented to A.S. Smith by the MacKenzie Collie Dog Club on the 30th Anniversary 30/10/20. Photos courtesy of Moria H.

Mackenzie A& P Show - president 1920
William Tasman (‘Tas”) Smith, the youngest son of Alexander B. Smith of Rollesby Station, was born in 1876 in the Mackenzie country. He worked on many big stations throughout the South Island, including Morton Mains in Southland. One year Morton Mains grew 1,000 acres of turnips and 1,000 acres of oats. They had to hire binders and horses from Ashburton, and they were brought to Lumsden by a special train for the harvest. For a long period he farmed Monavale Station at Cave and was a recognised authority on sheep and cattle. He was a member of the Mackenzie county Council for the Cave Riding from 1906 – 1911 and for the Albury Riding from 1911 – 1920 and from 1927 – 1933. He took a prominent part in establishing the Mackenzie county Council’s extensive plantations, having control of that important enterprise because of his high qualifications in afforestation. Monavale was farmed by the family until Tasman Smith sold it. Tas went to Tauranga in 1934 and died there in 1939.  

Timaru Herald 24 Nov. 1892There are 115 search results of Papers Past for Tasman Smith, Mona Vale, Coal Creek, Cave
1899 Owned a purebred Clydesdale stallion, heather Jock. sire by Black Watch (imp), grand-sire Lord Erskine. Dam -Violet a brood mare by Glenroy
1900 In the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles.
1900 He played football for the Albury Football Club.
1903 A member of the Albury Collie Club
1908 A member of the Albury Beautifying Society

Timaru Herald, 7 March 1899, Page 1
Tenders WANTED for CARTING about 15 Tons Building material from Albury to Manahine (Limestone) at an early date. AL. S. SMITH, Albury.

Otago Witness 30 March 1904, Page 49 Cave
Land Sales. — Mr John Ford, of Mount Nessing, has bought 4000 acres of land from Mr Elworthy. It is in the Upper Pareora valley, lying near the Otaio River, at Millar's yards. Mr John Elder has bought 500 acres from the same gentleman at the top of the valley on the main back road, and Mr Tasman Smith, of Monavale, has bought 400 acres from Mr Dougal Blue, so land is being transferred from one owner to another all over South Canterbury.

Otago Witness, 5 August 1908, Page 40 Cave
In meeting of the Mackenzie Council Mr Tasman Smith was the only one who had a good word for the little birds. He said he had seen them among the turnips in great numbers. He watched what they were doing, and the work they were at was for the benefit of the farmer. They were eating the caterpillar of the diamond-back moth. Now, last harvest I saw a flock of starlings flying among my oats. This caused me to look, and ascertain the reason. I found that the green caterpillar was busy at work on an oat crop. I cut the whole of the oats on the green side and saved my crop. I told my neighbour what I saw, and he also cut his on the green side and saved his crop. Another farmer not far from us left to ripen a patch that was very green, and the caterpillar took the lot. The small bird is therefore of the greatest use to a farmer when these parasites are engaged on their work of destruction. 

Otago Witness, 9 May 1906, Page 36
Changes. — Land is changing hands very freely, and prices are at such a pitch that one could say that we were in the midst of a mild boom. Mr Frank Smith, of "The Homestead," Albury, has sold his run, freehold and leasehold, to Mr Foster Neill, of Tumai, Otago. 

Timaru Herald, 27 July 1885, Page 3 Hayter vs McCullough
Mr Tosswill says in his letter of the 21st July, that "one dog was given to one McLeod, by consent of the Manager." Now the real state of facts is this, McLeod was in possession of this dog twelve clear days before I heard of his having the dog. McLeod found the dogs worrying sheep on the 20th March, secured two of the three dogs, and took them home to Warreta Station. It was the 3rd of April when defendant came to me at Rollesby to arrange as to what he was to do about his dog?, and I then learned that the dog referred to was in McLeod's possession. ... Now, Mr Editor, is it consistent with reason that I would consent to McLeod having one of the dogs. McLeod was my nearest neighbor, and in constant intercourse in mustering and general work with sheep. Mr Tosswill in his letter, is no doubt very amusing and funny when he imagines items for Captain Hayter's claims for damages, for instance, " consternation among sheep 15 pounds," &c. I am not unreasonable, I think, in expecting Mr Tosswill to endeavor to learn something more about sheep, say, have six months' mustering, before he commits himself in print on a sheep case again. I am, &c, Robert Scott. Rollesby, 24th July, 1885.

Otago Witness 3 June 1908 Page 40
A very old settler, Mr A. Smith, has sold out, and is going to leave the district. He has bought a place near Timaru. He came here from Albury some 18 years ago and took up a small run. As sheep were very low in price for a long time, and he had a good year or two, he bought another small run. When the Levels Estate was sold he had ___ two homesteads, one to each run. He has sold out to his two sons, and is going to live in retirement. He was a great stock man, especially as regards horses and purebred English Leicester rams.

Give a dog a bad name, and he'll learn to answer to it as well as to any other.

Naming pattern

The Scottish often used a naming pattern. A.B. named his boys after places or people of importance to him in his past. Alexander was his name and Louisa his wife's Christian name. Rowntree was his wife's maiden name. Robert Kermode was the name of the station owner he had worked for in Tasmania. John Watson was the name of the ship-owner in Hobart he worked with and the Tasman was the sea he crossed many times. It was an advantage to have an unusual first names as Smith is such a common surname. Who was Laddie Smith?
Marriages Ref.

SMITH Alexander Bruce 		(1831-1893) Sarah Louisa ROWNTREE b. 1838 d/o Edward Casson Rowntree and Hannah Nichols 
SMITH Annie Louisa 		(1862-1911) Samuel GILLINGHAM
SMITH Alexander Searle		(1864-1948) Sarah Louisa FERENS
SMITH Francis(Frank)Henry 	(1868-1936) Emily Louisa MOORE OR GILLINGHAM
SMITH Cecil Edmond [Edmund]	(1870-1925) Annie Elizabeth McNIVEN
SMITH Robert Kermode 		(1871-1926) Betty ROWLEY
SMITH William Tasman(Tasman Watson)(1876-1939) Alice Mary WICKSTEED
SMITH Oliver Rowntree 		(1891-1984) Millicent Annie ANNIS
SMITH Ethel Gertrude 		(1897-1990) Walter(Bod) ANNIS
SMITH Alexander Watson (Sandy)	(1901-1983) Margaret Elsie BARKER  
SMITH Tasman Alister 		(1906-1989) Ireni/Airini EDMUNDSON

Births Year Name 			Parents 
1863  Smith Mary Ada		Sarah Louisa Alexander Bruce
1865  Smith Alexander Harle	Sarah Louisa Alexander Bruce
1871  Smith Robert Kermode	Sarah Louisa Alexander Bruce	married Elizabeth Cotton Rowley in 1900
1873  Smith Maggie Ethel	Sarah Louisa Alexander Bruce 	Maggie married William Ross Mackay in 1902
1875  Smith Charles Casson 	Sarah Louisa Alexander Bruce
1876  Smith William Tasman 	Sarah Louisa Alexander Bruce    married Alice Mary Wicksteed in 1903
1878  Smith Hannah Gertrude 	Sarah Louisa Alexander Bruce 

1889 Smith Edna Herminia 	Louisa Alexander Searle 	Edna married George HUNT
1898 Smith Louisa Eveline 	Louisa Alexander Searle 	Louisa married Charles Arthur Collinson in 1927
1891 Smith Oliver Rowntree 	Louisa Alexander Searle 
1893 Smith Ada Florence 	Louisa Alexander S 
1894 Smith Thomas Bruce 	Louisa Alexander Searle 
1897 Smith Ethel Gertrude 	Louisa Alexander Searle 	Ethel married Walter Anniss in 1923
1901 Smith Alexander Watson 	Louisa Alexander Searle  	

15983 NZEF Thomas Bruce Smith, born 3 September 1894 in Fairlie. NoK on embarkation A.S. Smith (father), Craigieburn, Fairlie, NZ. Nice photo of soldier on AWWM Cenotaph database. Last employer: H.C. Ross, Three Springs., general labourer. Presbyterian - Albury 3.9.94. G. Company, 3rd Battn, 3rd NZRB. No longer fit for War. Discharged of illness contracted on active service. Serve malaria. discharged 17 Nov. 1919. 6ft. 170lbs. hair black. Eyes Grey. Sergeant. Intended address; Fairlie. 3 years NZEF.
    Mackenzie Battalion Home Guard. In Home Guard since it inception. Address: Kimbell. Farmer.  To Command Platoon, Kimbell, "D" Company. 24 June 1942. District Director C. Mathias. Commanding Battalaion H.G. D. Jeune.

Press 15 February 1939 Page 2 Mrs Sarah Louisa Smith
The death occurred at Fairlie recently of Mrs Louisa Smith, wife of Mr Alexander Seale Smith and a daughter of the late Mr Thomas Ferens who held Stockfull Station, near Oamaru. Mrs Smith, with her husband, had a long connexion with the pioneering history of the Mackenzie Country. Her father, before he took up a sheep station, was one of the first Wesleyan missionaries in New Zealand. Mrs Smith is survived by her husband, three sons, and four daughters. The sons are Messrs Oliver Smith (Grampians), T. B. Smith (Kimbell), and Alex Smith (Strathallan), and the daughters Mrs George Hunt (Pareora). Mrs (Florence Ada)  C. Verner (Thames), Mrs (Ethel Gertrude) Walter Anniss (Sherwood Downs), and Mrs (Louisa Evelyn) C. A. Collinson (Wellington).  Mrs Smith was the first white girl born north of the Moeraki river, in Otago. Although she was not actively connected with public work, she took a close interest in her husband’s public career, which included membership of the Mackenzie County Council for three years, president of the Fairlie Racing Club, president and foundation member of the Mackenzie Collie Club, an original director and former secretary of the Fairlie Saleyards Company, president and also secretary of the Mackenzie Agricultural and Pastoral Society, and a foundation member of the Fairlie Tennis Club. Mrs Smith was one of the pioneers who helped to build up the Mackenzie Country’s reputation for hospitality.

Francis Henry Smith (1868 – 17 August 1936) of "Waratah," Albury was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
Smith was born in 1868 at Long Bay near Strahan, Tasmania. He came to New Zealand with his parents and obtained his education at schools in Burkes Pass and Timaru. He contested the Timaru electorate in the 1896 election, but was beaten by the incumbent, William Hall-Jones. He was elected to the Waitaki electorate in the 1911 general election, but was defeated in 1914 for Timaru. He died on 17 August 1936. In his 69th year.

Otago Daily Times 18 August 1936 Page 8
SMITH.— On August 17, at “ Waratah,” Albury, Francis Henry, dearly beloved husband of Elaine {sic} Smith; in his sixty ninth year.— Private interment at Dunedin. [Emily Louisa Moore married Stephen England GILLINGHAM in 1875. He lost in the S.S. Tararua, April 28th 1881.  Francis Henry Smith married Emily Louisa Gillingham in 1901]

Press 19 January 1938 Page 2
Mrs Frank H. Smith and Misses Helen, Barbara, and Robin Smith (Waratah, Albury), who have been visiting Stewart Island, are now touring the Southern Lakes district and will return home next week.

Burkes Pass Cemetery
Emily Louisa SMITH of Waratah, wife of Frank H. SMITH, died 19th September aged 62 (old headstone)
(new headstone) Emily Louisa Smith, wife of Francis 1857 -1919 and mother of Cordella, Hannah and England Gillingham.

John SMITH who was lost with D. Morrison in an avalanche of snow on the Rollesby Range 24th July 1879 aged 19 years also his brother Al S. SMITH 1863-1948.

In memory of Mary Ada MAITLAND September 1890
Also Cecil Edmond SMITH husband of Ann [Annie Elizabeth Smith buried in Timaru] died 14 April 1925 aged 55.

 Photo taken Easter Sunday 27th March 2016 by OB
In loving memory of A.B. Smith, Mona Vale. Died Feby. 6th 1893 aged 63 years. In the midst of life we are in Death. And his beloved wife S.L. Smith Died Sept. 20th 1915, Aged 75.

New Zealand Herald, 19 August 1936, Page 12
The death has occurred of Mr. Francis Henry Smith, of Albury, 30 miles from Timaru. Mr. Smith was a member of the House of Representatives from 1911 to 1914. He was 68 years old. Mr. Smith, who was a sheepfarmer, was born in Tasmania and educated in Timaru. He contested the Timaru seat in Parliament in 1905 and the Waitaki seat in 1908. As Reform candidate, he was elected for Waitaki in 1911 and represented that electorate for three years. He had served on the Timaru High School Board and the Timaru Harbour Board.

Evening Post, 18 August 1936, Page 11
The death has occurred of Mr. Francis Henry Smith, of "Waratah," Albury, Canterbury, aged 68. He was a Member of the House of Representatives for Waitaki from 1911 to 1914. 

 "Whites Aviation Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library" WA-10719-G
Looks like a Canterbury scene. 1947. The gentleman is wearing a woollen jersey, and waders. The roughcoat collies all look like they are from the same mother. 

North Canterbury Gazette 2 September 1932 Page 10 Dogs by Mick
Dr. G. E. Gillett, of Hundalee, is lucky in having Opihi Elspeth, his Old English sheepdog bitch, give birth to a litter of nine, six of which are dogs. This is her first litter, although she had been mated unsuccessfully before, and as the father of the new family is Caedmon Pastorale of Fairlie, it should prove worth waiting for.

Otago Witness, 4 September 1869, Page 16 EPITAPH.
Within this tomb there rests a model friend,
Pleasant yet wise, and faithful to the end;
He never left, the prospect e'er so drear;
Rare man, say you -  'tis my dog lies here!

North Otago Times, 6 October 1868, Page 2
The following odd obituary notice appeared in the Hawke's Bay Herald.  We regret to record the sudden and accidental death of an old and respected settler of Hawke's Bay. 'Smith,' the beloved dog of R. Macfarlane, Esq., departed this life on the evening of Saturday, the 12th instant, deeply regretted by a numerous circle of friends, who are invited to meet at Swan's Hotel, at half-past seven this evening, for the purpose of condoling with his late owner, and taking into consideration the propriety of some suitable memorial."

Another sad owner.

Dog is sad. He is looking upwards towards a shining star. In memory of Murray Ball ONZM (26 January 1939 – 12 March 2017) NZ cartoonist who wrote the Footrot Flats comic series and Stanley the Palaeolithic Hero and others.

Something like this can be used in genealogy to show date and place of residence.

Social Distancing in April 2020.


Keith Stirling, "Glentanner."

Indian on "Ribbonwood" in 1947. Container to the right reads Caltex, N.Z. The bike is an Indian 1941 741b commonly referred to as an 'Army Indian' here in NZ. There were about 5000 of these sold off in NZ after the war as surplus, reported for as little as 50 pound still in the crate, and by far are the most common Indian in NZ then and probably still now. 500cc (30.50") engine size. Various discussions on the model year but basically they were either 1941 or 1942 and unchanged during the war years. Based on a 600cc Scout engine, detuned for military use to help make them a bit more reliable. They also had slightly longer forks and frame dimensions to help with the ground clearance - again for military use over rough ground. Number on tank. Fairly easy to identify by the twin tail lights showing as these are the common blackout lights used on that model. This bike was sold for 45 pounds. link  


Wayleggo - Peter Newton (1966). 155 pages. published by A.H Reed. An autobiography of a high-country working man. Woodstock, Winterslow, Castle Hill, Lake Coleridge, Mesopotamia, Hamner Springs, St James, Mount White. Here are the dogs and the sheep, the keas and the deer, the mates and the managers, and the stern beauty of the lonely mountains. Better roads and increased electric power, Land Rovers and aircraft, have modified the harshness of high-country work since Wayleggo was written; but the mountains and their challenge to men and dogs remain unaltered. The musterer is still the aristocrat of farm workers, and in this book the reader will learn why..." Some of the black and white photographs mentioned are:- Mt White - Musterers; rugby team, Springfield, Mt. Dark, Glentanner and more. "Wayleggo" to the majority the word is meaningless, but to those men whose calling takes them where sheep men fore gather, it has a fascination of its own. It is the command a shepherd gives to call his dog off sheep.
Worrying: Dogs chasing sheep, sometimes biting them on the legs and bruising them. Farmers do not like stray dogs. Many people say that once a Border Collie has tasted blood, they can never be trusted again and normally, the dogs are put down.

I love the clean brown tussock
And the hills where the cool winds blow
It is my prayer
I may still be there
When the Lord calls "Wayleggo"

From New Zealand Farm and Station Verse.


South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project