1875. The Rev. James Preston diaries - a South Canterbury circuit preacher.

His diaries are like a census of the Geraldine District.

Typescript of extracts from diaries 1871 -1879 by Nancy McLaughlin, 1984. Canterbury Museum Folder 1093 2/85.
1871  1872  1873 1874  1876  1877 1878  1879

77.
3rd January 1875
26th December 1875.
Jany 3rd Sunday... I held service in St Marys Geraldine. Administered the Holy Communion to 9 communicants. Present about 50 people. At 3 I held service at the Waihi Crossing; about 20 people. At 5 0—clock I baptized Downs' baby. At 6—30 I held service in the Church Temuka, present about 125 people. Called on Mrs Wyatt & Mr Rowe the schoolmaster.
Jany 10th 1875...  I held service in St Marys Church Geraldine.... At 6-30 I held service in St Saviours Church
Jany 17th Sunday... I held service in St Marys Church Geraldine; present about 40 people
At the Valley no service was held owing to rain. At 6-30 I held service in Temuka; present
abt 100 people.
Sunday 24th Jany 1875... I held service in St Saviours Church Temuka; present about 100 people. Admd Holy Communion to abt 15 comts. At 3—30 I held service at the Point; present about 30 people. Nor' wester.. I attended the Barracks & baptized a child. Also baptized a child at the Point.
Sunday 31st Jany 1875... At 11 am I held service at the Church Peel Forest. Administered the Holy Cornmn. At 3—30 I held service at Scotsburn. At 6—30 I held service at Waihi Bush;
present about 70 people. Returned home. Baptized George Hammond's baby. Rode about 35 miles.
Sunday 7th (Feb) I held service in St Marys Church Geraldine 11 am.... Holy Commn, 7 cornmunicants. At 3—30 I held service at the Waihi Crossing. At 6-30 I held service at Temuka;
present about 120 people. Funeral serrnon on the occasion of Rosa Brogden's funeral. I also baptized Stringer's baby at Geraldine.
Monday 8th... I called upon Brogden, Pilbrow, Brakewell, Kohn, Wood, Pardew, Ensor, Christmas, Dawber, Park, Craig, Bill, Roberts, A. Brown, C. Gosling, Barker.
Sunday 14th Feby 1875.I  held service in St Marys Church Geraldine.  I baptized Mary Helen Preston. Mr & Mrs S. Tancred were sponsors. At 6—30 I held service in St Saviours Church,
Temuka; present about 100 people. Returned home the same night.
Sunday 21st Feby... I held service in the Church Geraldine..... At 3 0—clock I held service in the Valley Church. At 6 0—clock I held service in the Schoolhouse Waihi Bush; present about 50
people
Sunday 28th Feby 1875 I held service at Temuka..., I administered the Holy Communion to abt 19 people. I held service at Pleasant Point 3-30. Called upon 5 or 6 people.
Monday I called upon about  14 or 15 people. Got as far as Mr Wigley's station.
2nd ( Mar) Tuesday... I called at Raincliff, upon Gillingham, Firth & others. Staid the night with Mr Kimbell.

78.
I went to the Pass. Called upon all the people at the Pass. Mr Smith went over the Pass to Mr Saunders' station. Held a service.
4th Thursday... I left Mr Saunders' & went to Mr Burnett's station. Got dreadfully wet. Nor' west rain. Lost way way once. Reach (ed) his house in safety. Held service in the evening.
5th Friday... 1 returned to Simons Pass; Mr Brown at home, his sister also with him. Held service in the evening.
6 Saturday Returned by the Ferry towards the Pass. Staid all night at Cox's station.
7th Held service at 10 0-clock on Sunday morning. At 2-30 pm I held service in St Patrick's Church Burkes Pass; present more than 40 people. Administered the Holy Communion to 10 people. At 8 pm I held a service in Mr Kimbell's house.
8th Monday I returned home by Mr Spenser' 6. Held a service in his house in the evening
9th I arrived home by the Kakahu.
14th Sunday... I held service at Geraldine & Temuka
21st Sunday... I held service at the Church at Geraldine. At 3—30 I held service in the Valley. At 6—30 I held service in the Schoolhouse Waihi Bush; present about 60 people.
28th Sunday... I held service in St Marys Church Geraldine, Easter Sunday Combined the Harvest Thanksgiving Service with Easter. Present a very large congregation (church decorated). Administered the Holy Communion to 25 communicants. In the afternoon I went to Temuka; drove Mrs Preston & Mrs Tancred. We were too late for the distribution of prizes to the Sunday School children. At 6—30 I held service. Administered the Holy Communion to 30 communicants. Returned home in the evening.
April 4th 1875. I held service in St Marys Church Geraldine. Holy Communion, abt 8 present. At 3—30 I held service at the Waihi Crossing. At 6-30 I held service in St Saviours Church Temuka; present about 150 people
Sunday Apl 11th I held service 11 am.  Temuka........ present about 60 people.
Apl 18th Sunday.. I held service in Geraldine Church... about 40 people present. At 3 0—clock I held service in the Valley Church At 6 0—clock I held service in the Waihi Bush School House ; present about 40 people
25th 1875 I held service at Temuka; present about 120 people. Holy Commn. 30 communicants At 3-30 I held
service at the Point; present about 40 people. Admstd Holy on to 8 communicants.
26th Monday... I returned home by the Waihi Flat. Administered the Holy Communion to Hullen & his wife, Wright & his wife, also Moore.

79
2nd May Sunday...I held service in the Church Geraldine. At 3-30 I held service at Winchester. At 6-30 service at Temuka.
9th Sunday Wet day. No service in any Church. (The following 3-4 diary pages contain a poem commencing 'By Nebo's lonely mountain' ,
and concluding
God hath his mysteries of grace,
Ways that we cannot tell,
He hides them deep like the secret sleep
On Him he loved so well.' )
May 16th 1875 I held service in Geraldine Church. I held service at 3—30 in St Anns, Pleasant Valley. I held service at the Waihi Bush.

 23d  I held service at St Saviours Temuka, Holy Commn, 21 communicants. At 3—30 1 held service at the Point; about 45 people.
24th Monday, Baptized Cook's child, Visited around the Point.
30th Sunday. I held service at Mount Peel.  At 3-30 at Scotsburn. At 6-30 at Waihi Bush. Returned home at night.
6 June 1875, Sunday. I held service at Geraldine ( Holy Communion) Present 6 communicants. As I was not well I could not hold service at the Waihi Crossing. At 6-30 I held service in Temuka.
7th Monday ...In Temuka.
8th.... Went to Temuka to bury Massey's child.
10th Thursday I started for the McKenzie Country. Baptized Tagg's baby on my way.
Staid the night at Mr Wigley's.
11 th I made some calls. Staid all night at Mr Rayne's station.
12th Saturday I held service at Rain's station.
13th Sunday I held service in Burkes Pass Church; present about 30 people. Administered the Holy Communion, Another service at Mr Kimbell's.
14th Monday I got to Alberry Station. Held service in the evening. Present about 8 people
15th Tuesday.... I went to Mr J. Rutherford's station. Held service In the evening....
16th Wednesday.... I returned home. Got to Mr Wigley's. Held service in the evening. 17 Thursday I staid all night at Mr Slack's.
18th Friday.... Reached home.

1875
80.
20th Sunday
I held service in St Marys Church Geraldine.  At 3—30 1 held service in St Anns Pleasant Valley. At 6 o—clock I held service in the School house Waihi Bush; present about 50 people. Called on my way home at Captain McPherson's. Found him very low.
27th Sunday.... I held service in St Saviours Church; present about 100 people. Administered the Holy Communion to 22 communicants. Baptized 2 children in the Church. At 3 I baptized Scott's baby. At 3-30 I held service at the Point; present about 140 people.
July 4th Sunday, I held service in the Church Geraldine. Administered the Holy Communion. I held service at the Waihi Crossing at 3, at Temuka at 6-30 pm
July 11th I held service in the morning at Temuka. Baptized Fyfe's family of five children, At 6—30 p.m. I held service in the Church Geraldine. My sermon was about the Good Samaritan. Present 60 people or more.
July 18th.... I held service in the Church Geraldine at 11 a.m., present about 60 people.  It 3 I held service in the Valley Church, the first day the new harmonium was played (by Mr Seaton). Larger congregation than usual. At 6-30 p.m. I held service at the Waihi Bush; present about 50 people.
July 25th 1875 I held service in St Saviours Church Temuka; present about 50 people (Holy Communion); present about 16 people. At 3—30 p.m. I held service at Pleasant Point
Monday I called upon Mr Vincent & others.
Augt 1st 1875.... I held service in the Church Geraldine; present about 50 people Holy Commn, about 16 communicants, I held service at the Waihi Crossing At 6—30 p.m. I held service at Temuka; present about 150 people Returned home the same evening.
Aug 8th. I held service in Temuka. Baptized one child in Temuka. At 2 I visited Mrs C. Gosling who was dying. At 3—30 I baptized 3 children. At 6 0—clock I held service in Geraldine Church. At 8 o-clock I started to see Mrs Gosling again. Did not return home until next morning. Baptized her little infant child. 
Aug 15th 1875.... I held service in St Marys Church Geraldine. At 3 I held service in the Valley Church. At 6-30 I held service in the School house Waihi Bush.
Augst 22nd.... I held service in the Church Temuka (Holy Communion) Baptized Norton's baby. At 3-30 1 held service at the Point.
August 29th I held service at Mount Peel at 11a.m.  At 3-30 I held service at Scotsburn. At 6.30 I held service at Waihi Bush.

81.
Sep 5th 1875
I held service Geraldine 11 a.m. Administered the Holy Communion. At 3—30 I held service at Winchester,
Holy Communion & baptism. At 6—30 p.m. I held Temuka. Baptized Philips' baby.
Monday 6th of Sep.... I called at various houses.
Wednesday 8th Sep I started for Burkes Pass. Staid all night at Four Peaks Station.
9th.... Staid at Clayton.
10th.... At Alberry. Held service.
11th At Mr Robert Rutherford's. Held service.
12th I reached Burkes Pass. Held service at 2— 30. Holy Communion. 5(?) present.
13th Staid at Rain's station.
14t do.
15th Returned home.
19th Sunday.... I held service at Geraldine 11a.m.. I held service in the Valley Church 3-30.  At 6-30 I held service at
Sunday 26th Sepr 1875.... I held service at Temuka, Holy Communion. At 3 0—clock I held service at Pleasant Point. Baptized two children.
Monday 27th.... I baptized Nohen's (?) baby.
Sunday 3d  Octr 1875 I held service at Geraldine 11 a.m. Holy Communion. At 3 0-clock I held service at the Waihi Crossing. At 6-30 I held service at Temuka.
Sunday 10th I held service at Geraldine 6—30 p.m., 11 a.m. Called upon a number of people.
Sunday 17th.... I held service in the Church Geraldine 11 a.m. At 3—30 I held service in the Valley Church. At 6—30 I held service in the School house Waihi Bush.
Sunday 24th.... I held service in Temuka 11 a.m., at Pleasant Point 6—30 p.m. I called upon old Hullen. Made arrangements with the schoolmaster on the Flat to hold service in the School house every fourth Sunday at 3-30, if the said hour is vacant.
Sunday 3st I held service at Mount Peel 11 a.m., at Scotsburn 3—30, at Waihi Bush 6—30 p.m. At the Waihi Bush I had
an offertory for the Sunday School. Visited Marshall, an old soldier in Peel Forest, who is very ill. Gave him a Bible
which I obtained at Mr Acland's. On Saturday the 30th I baptized two children in Peel Forest, Mr Wood & Jenkins'.

82. 1875
Sunday 7th Novr 1875 I held service at Geraldine (administered the Holy Communion, about 15 present) in the morning.
At 3—30 I held service at the Waihi Crossing. At 5-30 I held service in the Church Temuka.
Nov 14th 1875 I held service in the School house Kakahu. At 6—30 I held service in the Church Geraldine.
Nov 21st I held service in the Church Geraldine, Pleasant Valley & Waihi Bush.
Nov 28th.... I held service in Temuka 11 a.m., and owing to rain, in Temuka also 6—30 p.m. Did not go to the Point owing to the storm. New altar cloth, a present from Mr Stubbs. Administered the Holy Communion. Visited a good many people,
Mason & Bragg among the number. Preached a sermon on the death of E. Pelvin,
Decr 5th I held service Geraldine, Winchester, Temuka. Holy Communion, Geraldine.
Decr 9th.... I went to Burkes Pass. Called at Mr Slack's, Kakahu Bush. Staid the night at  Mr Wigley's station. Some rain.
Decr 10th Friday.... Started for Mr Kimbell's. Called at Raincliff & other houses on the road. A good deal of rain.
Decr 11th At Mr Kimbell's,
12th Sunday I held service in St Patricks Church Burkes Pass; present about 50 people. Called upon the inhabitants of the
township. Returned to Mr Kimbell's at night. Present about 15 people.
Monday 12th (sic) Returned towards home. Called upon the people around Hamilton's, Mr Gillingham's. At Coal Creek
took my horse up the hill opposite Gillingham' s. Dreadfully steep. Called when on the other side of hill at Gould's, Burgess & others. Staid the night at Mr Howell's station.
Tuesday I returned by Waihihi (sic) Flat. Called at Acton's, & others.
Wednesday 1 5th At home preparing to move to new Parsonage. Moved some things.
Thursday, Friday & Saturday.. Removing furniture etc & getting into our new house. W. Hawke helped me to remove my goods.
Sunday 19th.... I held service at Geraldine, the Valley & Waihi Bush.
Saturday 25th.... Baptized Shires' baby. Xmas Day; decorated the Church on Friday & held service on Saturday at 11 a.m.
Sunday 26th I held service in Temuka. Administered the Holy Communion to about 22 people. Did not go to the Point owing to the storm. Visited a number of sick people.

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