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Mitchell County North Carolina Genealogy

Mitchell County, North Carolina

Genealogy  NCGenWeb Project

Updated May 03, 2021


Dr. Elisha Mitchell, for which the county was named;  portrait engraving by Nathaniel Jocelyn (1796-1881) and D.C. Hinman


Historical Industries: Agriculture

  Rail Road Mining Pottery



Welcome to the Mitchell County NC GenWeb site providing online genealogical information supplied by volunteers who are committed to sharing historical information and data. The county is located at the far western part of North Carolina which borders Tennessee.


Mitchell county was formed in 1861 from parts of Burke, Caldwell, McDowell, Watauga, and Yancey Counties. The county was named after Dr. Elisha Mitchell, a professor at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill who was the first scientist to prove that a peak in this region of the Black Mountains was the highest point [6,684 feet] east of the Mississippi River.  In 1857, he fell to his death at a waterfall while collecting data to verify his studies.  In his honor, the county, waterfall and mountain were named Mitchell.


The creation of the county was triggered by the civil war and the issue of secession from the Union.  The inhabitants of the southern part supported secession, while the northern residents agreed to stay with the Union.  Jacob W.  Bowman, Esq. [1831-1905]  represented Yancey Co. to the NC Legislature and  played a key role in the creation of the new county.


The mountainous county is 222 sq. miles and divided into 10 townships with Bakersville [est. 1868] as the county seat.  The 10 areas include:

Bakersville Bradshaw

Cane Creek  Fort Mnt-Little Rock Creek Grassy Creek

Harrell Poplar Red Hill

Snow Creek Spruce Pine


About Mitchell Co.:




Research Links:



County Coordinator:

Beth Bradford-Pytel

Feel free to email me your

 comments, suggestions and information.


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Our Direct Neighbors:

Avery est. 1922 out of Mitchell, Watauga & Caldwell

Yancey est. 1831 out of Buncombe & Burke

McDowell Co., NC  est. 1850 out of Burke

Buncombe Co., NC  est. 1791 out of Burke & Rutherford

Madison Co., NC  est. 1851 out of Yancey & Buncombe

Unicoi Co., TN  est. 1875 out of Wash. & Carter Co., TN


Other Neighbors:

Rowan County, NC est. 1753 out of Anson

Burke Co., NC est. 1777 out of Rowan

Ashe Co., NC est. 1799 out of Anson, Rowan, Surry, Wilkes

Haywood Co., NC  est. 1808 out of western Buncombe

Washington Co., TN est. 1777 out of western NC area

Greene Co., TN  est. 1783 out of Washington Co., TN


Links to all NCGen Web Counties:



Information on this site begins in 1861 with the creation of Mitchell County. 1870 is the first census for this county.  It's important to consider the development of NC counties to know where to search and retrieve genealogical info. See Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, McDowell, Yancey and Watauga county records prior to 1861.





2009-2021  All Rights Reserved.  The information contained herein is the property of the individual submitters. For information about how to become a NCGenWeb county host, please visit our volunteers page. Mitchell Co. host and webmaster is Beth Bradford Pytel.  Your comments and suggestions are always welcomed.