Montana Custer County - 1880 Census
YELLOWSTONE COUNTY, MONTANA
Pompeys Pillar
MONTANA 1880 CENSUS RECORDS
 
COMPILATION OF DATA
Information & Sorts Revised 10 October 2002 (Custer County Added)
   
Census data extracted from the 1880 Federal Records does not quite match the information reported by that census, due primarily to omissions and voided entries created by the census takers and extractor personnel. Included are the crossed-out entries noted by the census takers, and they are so noted, plus personnel from selected military posts not included in the formal 1880 data.. The Federal Census for Montana was reported to NOT contain any Native Americans, however; that statement is interpreted to only mean: “No Reservation Indians were counted.” The following table was created from the Federal 1880 Census Guide book.
 
County
Township
District #
Census-Federal
Census-Extraction
Beaverhead
Beaverhead River
1
2712
2898 (1)
Bighole District
2
Choteau
Fort Benton
3
3058
3094 (2)
Belt Creek
4
Fort Assinniboine
5
Custer
Others
6
2510 [See Comments]
0
Fort Keogh
7
Clarke’s Fork Valley*
8
Dawson
District #9
9
180
180
Deerlodge
City of Butte
10
8876
4235 (3)
Deer Lodge Valley
11
Cotton Wood Creek & Vicinity
12
Nevada Creek
13
East Side of Silver Bow Creek
29
Gallatin
Upper Yellowstone Valley
14
3643
1414 (4)
Bozeman
15
Jefferson
Others
16
2464
3464 (5)
Pike & Fish Creek
17
Lewis & Clarke
Helena
18
6521
1671 (6)
Dry Gulch
19
Others
20
Madison
Others
21
3915
3899 (7)
Sweetwater & Rock Creek
22
Meagher
Confederate Gulch
23
2743
2751 (7)
Judith Island
24
The Musselshell Valley
25
Missoula
Bitter Root Valley
24
2537
0 (8)
Missoula
25
   
Flathead agency
26
   
TOTALS
State
39159
22666
 
Variances by County: Notes:   
(1) The numerical count is 2719; however, there were approximately seven missing numerical entries in the original count. These were identified as A, B, C, etc., and added as entries. Beaverhead military post personnel were added to the listing.                  
(2) Duplicate numbers were used in the original count, under-estimating the true total.                  
(3) Cotton Wood Creek and City of Butte were not extracted.                  
(4) Upper Yellowstone Valley was not extracted.                  
(5) Cannot explain. There are 1,000 more listed on the forms than reported.                  
(6) Helena Township not extracted.                  
(7) Illegible entries prevented copying the information.                  
(8) No records were extracted.                  
*  Includes Baker’s Ground, Huntley, Coulson and Clarke’s Fork Bottom.
 

Comments regarding Custer County Records:

The three Census Districts are separated into the following local areas within the County, and are viewable in adobe.pdf format (Original documents are of very poor quality and will not convert to text):   Clarks Fork Bottom – This area is sub-divided into separate districts where the population is mainly concentrated, but the census taker combined the three main districts into one:        Residences   1 - 36 of persons living along the Yellowstone River below Coulson. Although not named, this appears to be the population centered around “Canyon” [pgs 1-2]        Residences 37 – 47 of persons living in Coulson and Vicinity (50 people) [pg 3]        Residences 48 – 54 of additional persons living in Clarks Fork Bottom plus four residences missed earlier [pgs 3-4]        Residences 55 – 60 of persons living in Bakers’ Battle Ground and Huntley [pgs 3-4]        Residences 61 – 69 of persons living in Junction City and Sage Brush Bottom [pg4]        Residences 70 – 100 of persons living in Etcheta & Pease Bottom, plus Froze to Death Creek Area [pgs 4-7]   Miles City– Persons near the River        Residences 1 – 10, 50 persons in the area   Inhabitants of the 7th Enumeration District, consisting of 52 residences   Inhabitants of Fort Keogh, segregated by families and soldiers, residences are not listed   Inhabitants of Fort Custer, segregated by families and soldiers, residences are not listed   Inhabitants of Fort Custer Valley, segregated by families. Five residences are listed Census Sorts Offered On-Line To minimize load-time, the files have been arranged in the following order for ease in viewing. They are presented in EXCEL format, and an additional viewer might be required.  The information is grouped in the following columnar format to fit your screen. There are blank spaces where no information was provided.  Most of the Military records do not reflect age, sex, color, or place of birth. Caution: The Custer County records reported above are not included in these sorts.

 
Last Name
First Name
Color
Sex
Age
Month if Born within year
Relationship
Status
Married during year
Profession or Trade
Birth Place
Father-Birth
Mother- Birth
Transcriber Remarks
Deformity
Military Rank
Military Company
Regiment
County
Township
City/Town
Page #
Line #
 
Adoptees (**) Blacks (**) Chinese (**) Indians (**) A
B C D E F
G H I-J K L
M N O P Q-R
S T U-V W X-Y-Z
Note: ** To locate the family where this individual resided, contact the Webmaster for details, sort through the other files, or refer to the microfilmed records.
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Vikki Gray
Last Updated Saturday July 9, 2005
Copyright 2004 YGF All rights reserved.
 

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