Source: State of Missouri, Walter
For every acre of farm land---of whatsoever
character---in Monroe county there was an aggregate last year of $14.95 worth
of farm products. Monroe is situated twenty miles west of the Mississippi
river and is the third county north of the Missouri. Corn, cattle , horses,
mules, hogs, and hay are the leading products. Aside from large contribution
to material wealth, Monroe is an important factor in other, higher interests.
Its schools rank among the best in Missouri. Literature and music are
fostered. There is marked culture and the lustre of its intellectual products
has gilded wider borders than the State. Mark Twain was born here.
POPULATION:---White, 18,108; colored, 1,608; American
born, 19,483; foreign born, 233; total, 19,716. Farm homes owned 2,323;
rented, 811; other homes owned, 694; rented, 582; total families, 4,410.
FINANCE:---County tax average 30 cents on one hundred
dollars valuation; total assessed valuation. $7,172,439: assessment based upon
one-third actual valuation; no county debt; no township debt.
TIMBER:---Originally one-half of the county was
timbered with the various oaks, hickory, walnut, elm, ash, maple, and other
less numerous varieties. One-half of the timber was found along the bottom
lands of the streams. Here it was exceedingly dense and of immense individual
growth. In the hills it was lighter, though of growth indicating fertility of
soil beyond the ordinary. Timber in the bottoms has been removed; in the hills
is yet found commercial quantities.
MINERALS:---Coal and limestone. Two veins of coal
underlie the county. One is within a few feet of the surface and is worked in
numerous places. At Paris this vein is about eighteen inches thick. The deeper
stratum is unworked. It is claimed to be about eight feet thick in some
places. The annual production of coal for the county is approximately two
thousand tons. Limestone for rough purposes is found abundantly along all
LAND:---Monroe county contains 644 square miles of
surface, 412,160 acres, of which 331,911 acres are in a high state of
cultivation, devoted principally to corn. One-half the county is a high,
level-lying prairie and the remainder is hill land. There are 3,217 farms,
embracing on the average 126 acres each. By actual present selling prices,
farms are estimated to represent an aggregate worth of $10,525,470. The
prairie land soil is a dark alluvial composition, one to four feet in depth,
over clay subsoil. Farms are generally well improved and bring an average
price of $45 an acre. There are perhaps twenty-five farms finely improved,
lying close to towns for which would be asked $75 to $90 an acre; and a like
number of outlying farms to be had at $30. Three branches of Salt river break
into the county from the north, northwest and south, respectively, and form
near the eastern edge a confluence which leaves on a direct course for the
Mississippi river. Bottoms along these river branches are from a few yards to
half a mile in width. They unite in claiming one-fifth of the county area. The
soil is alluvial, black, and fertile. The land occasionally overflows, but
never suffers thereby. It is seldom found without some bluff land adjunct and
hence may be had at $40 an acre. Three-tenths of Monroe county is rough timber
land, ranging in price from $25 to $30 an acre. It is never too rough for
pasture or fruit. Upon this character of land are found the best orchards of
MANUFACTURES:---They are of a character incident to
agriculture and stock raising. A great many sheep are raised, hence the
location at Paris of a woolen mill of local capacity. A few flouring mills are
TRANSPORTATION:---Missouri, Kansas & Texas
railroad crosses from east to west. The Burlington route also touches the
county at the northeast corner.
SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL FUND:---Monroe county has a
perpetual school fund of $125,000 loaned at six per cent interest. There are
three high schools, at Paris, Monroe City and Madison. The first two are
articulated with the State University.
CHURCHES:---All Christian denominations are
represented. Christian and Baptist churches are strongest in membership.
Indian Creek township is composed of Catholics.
TELEPHONE:---Every farm house has privilege of
telephone connection with a subscription embracing almost the entire county.
NEWSPAPERS:---Paris Mercury, Paris Appeal; Monroe
City: News, Democrat; Madison Times; Stoutsville Banner.