Anderson, Dunscombe, Hogue
There has been discussion recently in this country regarding slavery. Even though slavery ended more than 100 years ago, there are those who are still concerned. A member of the DuVal Family Association is also a Virginia Legislator. Frank DuVal Hargove, the delegate from Hanover County, is 80 years old. In January, 2007, there was discussion about slavery in the Virginia legislature. Some thought the Commonwealth of Virginia should apologize for their part in the slavery issue. Delegate Hargrove didn't agree. In a discussion on the floor of the Capitol, Delegate Hargrove told a black legislator to "Get Over It!"
I found his remark particulary interesting. I recalled a story my Mother told me years ago. Her Grandfather Hogue had a slave. The man must have left a strong impression upon my Mother, for even though she was just a youngster, she remembered him. I contacted Bill Dye, a Dunklin County genealogist, who grew up in Holcomb, Missouri where my Hogue's lived. Bill told me the story is true and gave me more information about Holcomb, about the Hogues and about the slave.
My Great Grandfather, John Alexander Hogue, was born
in Obion County, Tennessee in 1841. His father, John Baxter Hogue was from Obion County and his mother, Jane Robinson, was from North Carolina.
John Baxter Hogue and his family, came to Dunklin County in November, 1860. He purchased one hundred seventy four acres of land. He paid twenty dollars an acre for the piece. In addition to his farm, he was founder of Hogue Mercantile in Holcomb. John Alexander Hogue assisted his father in improving the homestead and the mercantile business.
In 1861 he enlisted in the Confederate Army, became a First Lieutenant and commanded his company at the Siege of Vicksburg. He was in Company K, Fifth Missouri Infantry, General Cockrel's Brigade, Bowen's Division. He took part in the battles of Corinth, Fort Gibson, and in the gunboat battle on the "Sumpter" at Plum Point, Iuka. He, along with more than 12,000 Confederate soldiers, was paroled at Vicksburg on July 8, 1863.
From 1864 until 1872 he was engaged in general farming and was involved with Hogue Mercantile. In the 1880's he accepted the position of Postmaster in Arcadia, MO and moved his family there. My Grandfather, John Alexander Hogue, Jr., was born in there in 1883. While living in Arcadia, my Grandfather was afflicted with Reumatic fever. I have letters written by my Great Grandmother Hogue to my Great Grandfather Hogue in which she discussed trips to Hot Springs, Arkansas where young John was taken for the mineral baths. When John Alexander Hogue returned to Holcomb he continued with Hogue Mercantile and served as County Judge for four years..
We don't know when the black man came to Holcomb. Apparently he was a freed slave. My Great Grandfather paid wages to him and gave him a place to live. With my Great Grandfather's permission, the freed slave adopted the name, John Hogue. He came there with his sister, Peggy, who had a son. Black John Hogue was well liked and respected by the people in Holcomb. Peggy, too, was liked and respected. Her son played the fiddle with the white men in the community. Unfortunately Peggy's son got into "some kind" of trouble and went North.
Others remembered black John Hogue making trips to town by team and buggy when the country was in the grips of an epdemic. John would stop by their gate posts and take their lists and money to purchase their goods. When he returned he would leave the items and would "holler" and tell them the news and who had "passed on."
My Great Grandfather Hogue held John and Peggy in high esteem. Great Grandfather Hogue passed away on January 21, 1914. He left 20 acres of land to John and 20 acres to Peggy. He is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery near Holcomb.
We don't know where black John Hogue is buried. Bill Dye's friend owns a farm near Marlow, Missouri (close to Holcomb) and there are Hogue graves on his farm. Although some of the graves are in disrepair Bill thinks the vaults are made of brick. My Great Grandfather Hogue was very fond of black John Hogue and we feel he may be interred there.
Not long ago I found a box of pictures which belonged to my Grandmother Hogue. Amongst them is a picture of my Grandmother Hogue and two friends on horseback.. The ladies are riding sidesaddle. I sent the picture to Bill Dye who showed it to his Holcomb friends. They decided the three were crossing Taylor Slough. Taylor Slough caused Holcomb to be an island. The St. Francis River low lands are on the west side of Holcomb. If one traveled to Marlow, Missouri (where the Hogue's orginally settled,) it was necessary to cross the Taylor Slough.
Another white friend of the Hogue's brought their slave, whose name was Charles Birthwright, to Holcomb from Tennessee. The white man went back to Tennessee and obtained the slave's wife who he brought back to Dunklin County. He freed both the man and his wife. The white man's wife became ill and died. Later the white man became gravely ill. The man and his wife had a little girl. The father made arrangements to leave his former slave some land with the agreement that the former slave would raise the little white girl. The white girl apparently wanted the world to know she was
proud of Charles Birthright. She had him buried with the largest monument in the cemetery. To this day it is the largest monument in Stanfield Cemetery. .
Stanfield Cemetery itself is historical.
Settlers cleared the land and established a small, square/rectangle. Either Locust or Catalpa trees were planted on that piece of land. The settlers used the trees for fence posts. The land was referred to as their stand field. This particular small plot was often where the slaves were buried..
Another Great Grandfather of mine was Samuel DuVal Dunscomb born April 4, 1844 in Logan County, Kentucky. According to "Duvals of Kentucky from Virginia" Sam D. was a "farmer and a man of affairs." He and his family lived in the same county as the Hogue's. When he was 17 he enlisted in the Confederate Army serving with Company "K" 5th Missouri Regiment Infantry Volunteers. Even though they lived only 10 miles apart, I doubt they knew each other. My Great Grandfather Dunscomb didn't have slaves nor did he have a formal education . When he was paroled, after being captured by the Yankees, he couldn't sign his name! You've heard the saying "X marks the spot?" My GGrandfather Dunscomb signed his name with an X. .
After the Civil War, Sam D. returned to Dunklin County where he was a farmer. He met Mary Elizabeth Hopper when he was 26 and she was 16. Their grandaughter, Edna Dunscomb Provance, who will be 100 years old in September, told me they met when Mollie was riding down a dusty road astride a horse and almost ran into Sam. It was love at first sight. They married when Mollie was only 17. My Great Grandfather Dunscomb passed away in 1898 leaving Mollie with seven children ranging in age from 6 years to 25 years, only two of whom were married. My Grandmother, Lillie B Dunscomb Anderson, was only 14. .
In 1932 Great Grandmother Duncomb's relatives thought she should be entitled to a "Widow's Pension" for wives of soldiers who fought in the Civil War. However, because he had been paroled - which was NOT a good thing - relatives needed to prove he didn't do anything to the detriment of the United States of America. In October, 1932, her Repesentative, Congressman James Fulbright, 14th District of Missouri, wrote to the Adjutant General in Washington to correct the record of Samuel DuVal Dunscomb. The letter is as follows:.
- 1. To correct an entry that he understands is made against the said Samuel DuVal Dunscomb under the Confederate report of the service of soldiers who served from the State of Missouri in the Confederate states Army.
- 2. That the said record, as affiant understands it, is to be against the said Samuel D. Dunscomb is that he was a deserter which is not his true record. Samuel D. Dunscomb , early in the Civil War, enlisted in an infantry company and did service , east of the Mississippi River, in the armies commanded by General Beauregard, . and Pemberton; that he was among the troops surrendered by General Pemberton to General Grant in July 1863 and was paroled and returned to his home in Dunklin County. Mo; that when he was exchanged in 1864 he made an effort to rejoin his old command which was reorganized west of the Mississippi River; and that he could not do so because the said river being entirely under the control of the Federal Army. When he could not return to his command, he enlisted in the 8th Missouri Calvary, CSA and served in it and the 9th Missouri Calvery, CSA until the surrender. He was once again parolled as a Confederate Soldier at Shreveport, Louisiana. Whence he returned home to Missouri and where he lived until he died. He never at any time did anything to cause him to be recorded as a Deserter. and therefore the record as made against him should be corrected.
The affiant further states that the said Dunscomb was not related to him either by blood or marriage and that he has no interest of any kind whatever in the outcome of this statement, other than to correct a mistake made as against the memory of a dead comrade and further this affiant sayeth not..
Signed: Henry N. Phillips
Notarized October 5, 1932 by Clarence Drinkwater whose commission expires February 27, 1934..
Unfortunately our records don't indicate if she was granted the request for pension..
Even though Samuel DuVal Dunscomb was not a "man of letters" he was held in high esteem by all who knew him. His children inherited these qualities.
Samuel DuVal Dunscomb and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Hopper Dunscomb, who passed away October 7, 1937, are buried in the old Park Cemetery in Malden, Dunklin County, Missouri..
The Internet opened a new world for me. Although I have always been interested in genealogy, the thought of sitting at a table going through dusty files was not appealing. Because of the Internet I was able to reorganize the DuVal Family Association which had been dormant since the beginning of World War II. Best of all, I have met wonderful people from all over the United States. Surprises never cease. A few weeks ago I got an e-mail from Darrell Hogue in Indiana who is my second cousin! I was thrilled! My Mother was an only child - and most of my Anderson cousins have
I am very proud of my Bootheel connections. The Hogue's, the Dunscomb's and the Anderson's were all born and raised in the Missouri Bootheel..
Material for this article is from "History of Southeast Missouri" by Robert Sidney Douglass orginally published in 1912, and the "DuVals of Kentucky from Virginia" by Margaret Buchanan published in 1937. Thanks to Bill Dye of Advance, Missouri, for submitting the details regarding black John Hogue and the Taylor Slough and to Cousin Darrell Hogue for sending me pages from the "History of Southeast Missouri."
Submitted by Judy Anderson Hamby
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