African Americans in Early Frederick Co, Maryland

Slave Owners
& Slaves

Nov 1864
Frederick Co, Maryland

Maryland was first recognized as a "Free State" on November 1, 1864. On that date, the Maryland Constitution of 1864 took effect which abolished slavery in Maryland.

In the hope that the federal government would compensate former slaveholders, in 1867, the General Assembly authorized the compilation of records to establish slave ownership and the value of slave property. The governor appointed a commissioner of slave statistics for each county with a term in office of two years. Former slave owners furnished the commissioner with descriptive information on each slave for whom they claimed ownership. The commissioner then recorded the lists and filed the records with the clerk of the circuit court of his county. (Ch. 189, Acts of 1867; Ch. 385, Acts of 1868).

Entries give date of registration, name of the owner, and, if applicable, name of person acting for the owner. For each enslaved person, the records show his or her name, sex, age, physical condition, term of servitude, date of emancipation, and, if applicable, information on and compensation for military service.

Slave Statistics (MSA)

Notes - Slave data starts at page 14. It appears the "Jump to page #" feature doesn't work, but you can change the page number in the URL (the four digits before .html).

African Americans in Mid Maryland

website by Dorinda Davis Shepley
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Last revised: June 25, 2022