The name in my family's case hails from individuals last associated with Schloss Rheda, a castle a few kilometers from Munster, Germany - specifically three families (1715-1750).
The German Lückeners were almost all evangelical and it is worth noting that already in 1527 Grafschaft Tecklenburg was the first region in that area converted to Lutheranism and became "reformiert" in 1587.
In the Netherlands the name evolved to Luijkenaar and and later also Luykenaar.
The Belgian city Liège (called Luik in Dutch) is the probable origin of the similar/identical but unrelated name Luikenaar/Luijkenaar , denoting a citizen of that city in the Flemish language. This name is found in Zeeland long before my ancestor came to the Netherlands.
Very likely Luckner is a modern German form of the name Lückener. Many carrying this name are found in the US today.
Hof Lückener in Meckelwege still stands today, two other families both headed by Johanns in Lienen, are likely related to the Hof family. My forefather Evert Lückener came with brother and sister or cousins Lijsie and Wilm to the Netherlands. It is known that in that time many from this area did the same and settled in and around Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Leiden and elsewhere. A Delft Luijkenaar baptism was witnessed by a "van Munster". "van Ossenbrugge" as a Dutch name may point to a Ösnabrück origin.
Kurt T. Luckner, was one of the U.S. leading curators of ancient art and a 25-year veteran at the Toledo Museum of Art.
Gertrud Lückner, born in Liverpool, sent aid to and helped Jews escape from Nazi Germany.