LANE FAMILY DNA
R1a1A (10) Group
To gain further knowledge of our specific Lane
Family Tree we submitted a DNA sample to Family Tree DNA who are the world
leader in Genetic Genealogy.
Why do a DNA test?
DNA testing has become an important new tool to
further trace Family History, as it provides concrete evidence for identifying
and separating family genes.
Y-chromosome testing is especially helpful
because the Y-Chromosome is handed down from father to son unchanged, except for
infrequent mutations, through the generations.
It typically follows a surname line,
and is male specific.
The direct paternal lineage is the line that
follows your father's paternal ancestry. This line consists entirely of men. It
traces your father, his father, his father's father, and so forth back to our
shared common paternal ancestor.
So when, for example, a Lane male person in say
Australia submits a DNA sample and it has the same
results as a Lane male person in say the USA or
Ireland it can be said they shared a common Lane ancestor somewhere back in
DNA testing can therefore determine whether two
people are related, whether two people are from the same ancestor and can
provide an approximate timeframe for the common ancestor
i.e. approximately how many generations back.
This type of testing has become very popular
particularly in the USA and involves a simple saliva swab test which is sent to
a laboratory in the USA for analysis.
We would urge all the Lane Families to
participate in his DNA project, particularly the Irish and the Australian
To join the Lane DNA project please go to Family DNA website
where a form can be obtained for a 67 marker test Y-DNA67.
Understanding the Results.
following web site gives a great analysis of DNA testing.
The testing criteria is discussed
later in more detail.
We know that our branch of the Lane family, as
far back as we can trace them, which is 1788, came from Shravokee, in County
Clare which is very close to the County Limerick border in Ireland and we know
that there were other Lane Families in the close proximity but we are unable to establish
how or if they were related.
So according to DNA Testing - where do we
Historically our Lane Family are
Irish Roman Catholics and we can trace our Family line back some 220 years.
But prior to that period 220 years
ago we have had no clear idea about our origins.
We mention religion only because our DNA
Testing reveals Irish lines & English lines which are protestant.
From the following
"Family Tree DNA" web
site, the results for some 150
Lane families who have submitted their DNA can be
are somewhat fortunate in that our
particular family line of Lane has an unusual Y-DNA signature which is
characterised by a combination of
our Lane Family
belonging to Haplogroup R1a1a and
also having an unusual Marker
result of DYS388=10, which is distinct from the more usual DYS388=12.
Of the 150
various Lane tests
submitted only 11 tests have
both this Haplogroup R1a1a,
(These have the Sub-Glades R-L62, R-M198,
R-M512, R-L664, R-M417) combined with the Marker Result of DYS388=10.
These 11 test results are shown in Group 07 of
the above web site.
To get a better idea of the
11 contributors to this special group in
Group 07 and their results
refer to Michael Hebert's
excellent Lane DNA website which details Lanes with the R1a1a Haplogroup with
the DYS388=10 marker.
Our tests with Family Tree DNA
indicate that of the various Lane Families that have been tested there are 3
family groups in the USA with DNA similar to our own. Of these 3 family
groups, the tests indicate that 2 have a Generic Distance of 3 (Related) and
1 has a Generic Distance of 5 (Probably Related).
For an explanation of Generic Distance Tables refer -:
family groups are as follows-:
Capt. John Lane b IRE d1718, Biddeford, Maine, USA - (Generic Distance =3)
John Lane b1770 England, son Cyrus b1793, Vermont, USA - (Generic Distance =3)
James Lane b1769 Craven Co North Carolina, USA. (Generic Distance =5)
would appear all these families shared a common ancestor with our Lane family
some generations ago.
Family Tree DNA also provide a time
predictor or "TIP" tool which compares another persons DNA results to our own
and provides via calculation a range of probabilities as to the time when the
two men shared a common ancestor and this is shown below.
There is a lot of information on
the internet about one of the family groups to whom we are "related" according
to DNA testing and that is the family of Capt John Lane.
Many sources claim he was born
c1673, that he was English and came from Limerick and that his father was
Thomas Lane of Limerick, Ireland.
This Capt. John Lane and his wife
are referred to the early History of Hampton, New Hampshire, USA as Mr & Mrs
Lane which in those days indicated people of distinction or high standing.
Having been born in Limerick,
Ireland in 1673 and later being described as an English Officer one suspects
that his father may have been an Oliver Cromwell "Officer" or "Adventurer" in
Cromwell landed in Ireland from
England in 1649 with his New Model Army and savaged the Catholics and Royalists.
Under brutal punitive terms of surrender, mass confiscation of all Irish
Catholic owned land occurred. In addition many thousands of the population were
sent to the West Indies or New England in America as indentured servants or
These confiscated lands in Ireland
were in part distributed to some 12000 soldiers and adventurers as they had not
been paid for some eighteen months and England was unable to pay their wages.
Many of these veterans later sold
their Land Grants rather than stay in war ravaged Ireland.
From a listing in John O'Hart's "
The Irish Landed Gentry when Cromwell came to Ireland" we find Chapter 10,
titled "The 49 Officers", Page 372 providing a listing of all Officers
and Adventurers who made
claims and were in service prior to 1649.
On Page 394 the following Lanes'
are listed as claimants.
Lane, Sir Richard,
Perhaps John Lane is descended from
the Thomas Lane above.
Referring to the
three family groups who give us positive results on Family Tree DNA these are
discussed as follows -:
John Lane b.? Ireland d1718, Biddeford, MAINE, USA.
His DNA was submitted via
his descendant Dana Ellis Lane and, when compared to ours, results in a Generic
Distance of 3, i.e. - Related
Both of our results are based on 67
The TIP tool shows that there is a
76.6% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 12 generations and a 92.34% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 16 generations.
There is a substantial amount of detail on the
internet about Captain John Lane b1673 who married Joanna Davison. His father
was believed to be Thomas Lane of Limerick, Ireland. Captain John Lane was a
noted Indian fighter in the New England area of the USA. His family were
known for their military prowess with three of his sons John, Jabez and Isaac
having served in the French and Indian Wars and were Captains in the
Revolutionary War. (The American War of Independence).
There are many references to the opinion that he was born in Limerick which is
not far from Shravokee.
The following article makes reference to Limerick.
From A Report of the Proceedings at the Celebration of the First
Centennial Anniversary of the Incorporation of the Town of Buxton, Maine, Held
at Buxton, Aug. 14, 1872, By J. M. Marshall, Page 202.
I get the following traditionary information from a letter of the late Hon. M. D. L. Lane to me,
dated March 30, 1872.
"What I know in relation to the original John Lane is what Capt. Stephen Lane,
my uncle, related to Stephen P. Lane, my brother, who wrote it down at the time
uncle Stephen told him. The language used is this, "John Lane, eldest son of
John Lane of Limerick County, Ireland, an officer in the British service came to
America and commanded the fort at the mouth of Saco river, near the Pool. The
place of burial was shown to Stephen Lane, son of Jabez, a great-grandson of
said John Lane who died at the Pool."
The complete article and other family stories on Capt. John Lane can be found on
the following web site.:
There is an interesting article, held by the
Boston Public Library, written in 1902 about this Lane family from Buxton.
Another article about his son John Lane is -:
This family is notable for the
number of generations involved in the military, there being three generations
with the rank of captain in early US conflicts.
John Lane was apparently an English Officer, and sources indicate that he went
to America from Limerick, Ireland perhaps with two brothers.
He married Joanna Davison, November
1693 at Newbury, Mass.
They had at least three children
Abigail b1693, John b1701 and Mary b1706.
John Lane was active in defending the coastal settlements (of Maine) from the
Indians and was appointed Commander of Fort Mary, Winter Harbour (near
Biddeford) at the mouth of the Saco River where he died and was buried before
16th November, 1718.
At the York Institute at Saco there
are a number of articles which belonged to the Military members of the Lane
Family including a powder horn with the name "Brimfield" engraved said to have
been brought from Ireland by the first Capt. John Lane.
His son who was also called
Capt. John Lane married Mary Nowell in 1700 at York, Maine.
They had five children, John b1734,
Henry b1737, Joanna b1738, Daniel b1740 and Jabez b1743.
NE History and Gen. Register Vol. 46 advises -:
This second Captain John Lane was a
celebrated Indian fighter between 1730 and 1750 and led a roving and adventurous
life. He lived variously in York, Broadbay, Biddeford, St. George etc.
He took part in the massacre of
Norridgewock in 1724. (4th Indian War)
During the war against the French
which began in 1744, his house was burned by Indians.
He also took part in the siege of
Louisburg and after the surrender he was mustered out in June, 1745.
He was soon after taken sick, sent
to Boston where he remained some time.
Whilst there his iron chest,
brought to America by the first immigrant (his father) containing his papers and
the Lane coat of arms, was lost and could never be found.
Later he was appointed to take
charge of four companies raised in Maine to join the expedition against the
French at Crown Point where he lost his life in July 14th, 1756.
Their three sons John, Daniel and
Jabez were splendid looking men possessed of great physical powers and personal
bravery. They inherited the military spirit of their father and each of them
became a captain in the Revolutionary Army.
They served in the Indian and
French wars and were also all Captains in the American Revolution War.
John Lane b c1770 England, son Cyrus b1793,
His DNA was submitted via his
Wesley Lane and when compared to ours, results in a Generic Distance of 3.
Both results are based on 67 marker
The TIP tool shows that there is a
88.29% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 12 generations and a 96.92% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 16 generations
Cyrus Lane's parents, it has been
suggested, were John Lane b c1770, England and Sarah McGregor born in Scotland.
Cyrus Lane was born 1793 in
Newbury, Vermont and went to Ontario, Canada in 1818. He died 11 Dec, 1853 at Tobo, Middlesex County, Ontario , Canada.
He married twice Sarah Todd, b1809
Co. Tyrone, Ireland who died 1853 and Sarah Strand. b. Co. Connaught, Ireland.
|THOMAS LANE b ENGLAND m SARAH McGREGOR b SCOTLAND
|Children of Thomas Lane & Sarah McGregor
m. Stephen Metcalf
(Lived in NH)
|MARY ANN LANE
m. Henry Fish
(Lived in Canada)
m. 1. Sarah Todd b1809. Co Tyrone
m. 2. Sarah Strand b. ? Co Connaught
(Lived in Vermont)
(Lived in Vermont)
|Children of Cyrus Lane & Sarah Todd
d. age 22
b. New Brunswick. Canada.
m Mary Elizabeth Haley
m. Lucy Ann Brown
m. Suzanna McPherson
b. 05-06-1834 Ontario
d. 20.05.1909 Mich.
m Amanda Brooks
m.2 .Sadie Runkle
|Eliza Jane Lane
m. Adam Fierheller
|Children of Oliver Lane & Amanda Brooks
|May E Lane
m. O. Justin
m. Ethyl Haskins.
James Lane b1769 Craven County,
His DNA was submitted in a 67
Marker Test by -:
Both results are based on 67 marker
The TIP tool shows that there is a
62.99% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 12 generations and a
85.5% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 16 generations
James Lane, was believed to be the
son of an Irishman, and the family was Protestant. James Lane was b1769 in
Craven County, North Carolina and married Mary Ann (Polly) Phipps in 1775.
He was a farmer and distiller in
North Carolina until 1814 when the family moved to Gallatin, Sumner County,
Tennessee where he farmed and was the Sheriff.
In 1818 the family moved to
Hamilton County, Illinois and where they farmed and he was also High Sheriff.
One of his sons was Judge James
Lane who was one of 10 children most of whom were born in Sumner, Tennessee.
The "Y" Chromosome.
The "Y" Chromosome contains two
types of ancestral markers useful for genealogy.
STR Markers trace recent ancestry
and allows for comparison of results with other people to determine relatedness
along direct paternal lines. It is a great tool used for genetic matching with
STR's in that people you are related to must test positive for the same STP's
and thus be of the same Haplogroup.
SNP Markers trace ancient ancestry
and help identify the Haplogroup which basically is the ethnic and genealogical
origin of the paternal line.
What is a Haplogroup?
Haplogroups are derived or predicted from Y-DNA
testing and indicate groups of a population derived from a common ancestor.
Haplogroups identify ancient ancestors, thousands
of years ago before there were surnames.
There are 20 or so major Y-DNA Haplogroups
designated by the letters "A" through to "T".
We belong to Haplogroup "R" which is the most
prominent group. There are subglades to this group namely R1a1a which we belong
to and which is predominate in Eastern Europe and much of Asia and
the other main one is R1b which is the most abundant group and which is prominent in Western
Europe and the British Isles.
are further broken down and in our case it can be said we belong to the Mutation
Groups M512 and M198.
So broadly speaking all males in the world can be
set into a handful of Haplogroups which can provide a broad knowledge of the
geographical area that your ancestral line originated.
The fact that two participants
belong to the same Haplogroup does not necessarily mean they are related.
What is a Haplotype?
Within the Haplogroup there are many different
Haplotypes which are the series of 12 or more groups of numbers from the Y -DNA
test representing multiple biological related ancestors.
Your Y-DNA Haplotype is the specific set of
results obtained after testing a set of STR Markers on your Y-DNA. It represents
the unique generic code for your paternal ancestral line.
Your Haplotype is the same or very close to that
of all males who have descended from the same forefather as yourself. This means
that your Father, Grandfather and Great Grandfathers in your paternal lineage
all carry the same or very similar Y-DNA Haplotype as you.
A common application is to use it to determine
how males with the same surname are connected to each other.
What are Markers?
Depending on how much you wish to pay for testing
depends on the number of Markers that are tested. There is a choice of 12, 25,
37 and 67 markers.
To obtain a reasonable result it is considered a
37 Marker Test should be ordered as a minimum.
Our results are based on a 67
A Marker is the Location on the Y-Chromosome that
is tested for Genetic Genealogy.
These Locations or Markers have
such as DYS385a or DYS388 etc.
Each marker has a unique name and at that marker there can be a number of
possible values e.g. our Marker DYS388 has a value of 10.
When a Marker is tested it is reduced to a number.
eg. Our DYS marker 388 has an
unusual number of 10 as distinct from the common marker of 12.
Our Actual Results.
It would appear as though all
these Lanes of this DYS388=10 type share a common ancestor, probably a few
hundred years back and quite likely from Southwest England.
Bear in mind that two men who share a common male
line ancestor will have matching or very similar Y-DNA signature. The closer the
marker match ups the closer
The more markers you can compare
increases the accuracy of the comparison.
So, if you take a 37 marker test
and have a close match to someone of the same surname, with the same Haplogroup,
who has a very close match with their 37 marker test then you have a basis for
further research. It could indicate you you share a common ancestor depending on
how closely they match.
Our original teat was at 37 markers
which gave some good results and we upgraded to 67 markers to narrow down the
From the results Family tree DNA
provides a further service called Generic Distance.
Over time DNA very slowly mutates
with each generation of a family.
Therefore comparing two tests of individuals matching say 65 out of 67 markers
would likely have a common ancestor further generations back than two tests
matching 67 out of 67 markers.
It is estimated that one mutation occurs every 3 generations.
As a rough guide your DNA may match with your father as 67 out of 67 markers but
your Great Grandfather may match 66 out of 67 markers.
Calculating Time To Most Nearest
Comparing individuals to determine
Generic Distance is the number of
mutation mismatches of the markers between any two individuals.
Using the 67 Marker Test as a
basis, the results are as follows -:
"0" is a perfect match (Very Tightly Related), very few people achieve this close level of a match.
"1or 2" is a
mismatch of only 1 or 2 points. (Tightly Related),
very few people achieve this close
level of a match.
"3 or 4 " is a mismatch of only 3
or 4 points. (Related).
"5 or 6" is a mismatch of only 5 or
6 points. (Related)
There are further levels below
With our 67 Marker test we were
fortunate enough to match with 3 other Lane Families with a Generic Match of 3
The definition of a Generic Match
of 3 is -:
In this case if you share the same
surname with another male and you mismatch by only '3 or 4' points for a 63 or
64 match out of a 67 match you are Related, etc etc. Your mismatch is likely
within the range of most well established surname lineages in Western Europe.
The more mutations the lower the
probable time since the most recent ancestor lived.
The formulas used, take into
consideration not only the number of differences but also which markers are
different. Every marker has a unique mutation rate.
So Genetic Distance is used to
determine the probability of how many generations in the past that individuals
shared a common ancestor within a number of generations.
For a full explanation of Generic
Distance Tables refer -:
To join the Lane DNA project please go to Family
DNA website www.familytreedna.com where a form can be obtained for a
67 marker test Y-DNA67.
Reading the old Family History of William Lane,
which is over 100 years old, it can be seen at item 227 that the Family History
of Captain John Lane is listed and that whilst they could not prove that the two
families were related it was certainly considered.
The DNA evidence suggests it was the case and that they did share a common
Several possibilities are put forward as to their possible relationship and also
the fact that similar Christian Name patterns are evident.
In a note dated "Buxton, 21 May, 1890," Miss Mehitable Lane says, "To be sure
there are a good many facts which seem to add strength to the probability that
the First John Lane (of York Co.,) was half brother to William, the ancestor of
the Hampton family, e. g. the name Samuel, elder brother of William- and Jabez,
have been handed down in our families of Lanes to the present time.
But yet there is some doubt with us, as uniform tradition says, "John Lane,
eldest son of John Lane of Limerick Co., Ireland, * * * came to America and
commanded the fort at the mouth of Saco River, near the Pool." Notwithstanding
it may be probable that the families were connected, as neither of them can be
traced so near to any other. If William was the father of John, of York County.
The iron chest brought over by the first emigrant (and containing the coat of
arms), which was left in Boston and could never be found, belonged to William.
If you can add or correct
any of this information.
Please email Ray Lane
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