R1a1A (10) Group




To gain further knowledge of our specific Lane Family Tree we submitted a DNA sample to Family Tree DNA who are the world leader in Genetic Genealogy. 

Why do a DNA test?

DNA testing has become an important new tool to further trace Family History, as it provides concrete evidence for identifying and separating family genes. 

Y-chromosome testing is especially helpful because the Y-Chromosome is handed down from father to son unchanged, except for infrequent mutations, through the generations.

It typically follows a surname line, and is male specific.

The direct paternal lineage is the line that follows your father's paternal ancestry. This line consists entirely of men. It traces your father, his father, his father's father, and so forth back to our shared common paternal ancestor. 

So when, for example, a Lane male person in say Australia submits a DNA sample and it has the same or similar results as a Lane male person in say the USA or Ireland it can be said they shared a common Lane ancestor somewhere back in time.

DNA testing can therefore determine whether two people are related, whether two people are from the same ancestor and can provide an approximate timeframe for the common ancestor i.e. approximately how many generations back.

This type of testing has become very popular particularly in the USA and involves a simple saliva swab test which is sent to a laboratory in the USA for analysis.

We would urge all the Lane Families to participate in his DNA project, particularly the  Irish and the Australian Lanes.
To join the Lane DNA project please go to Family DNA website
 where a form can be obtained for a 67 marker test Y-DNA67.

Understanding the Results.

 The following web site gives a great analysis of DNA testing.

The testing criteria is discussed later in more detail. 

We know that our branch of the Lane family, as far back as we can trace them, which is 1788, came from Shravokee, in County Clare which is very close to the County Limerick border in Ireland and we know that there were other Lane Families in the close proximity but we are unable to establish how or if they were related.


So according to DNA Testing - where do we originate.

 Historically our Lane Family are Irish Roman Catholics and we can trace our Family line back some 220 years.

But prior to that period 220 years ago we have had no clear idea about our origins.

We mention religion only because our DNA Testing reveals Irish lines & English lines which are protestant.

From the following "Family Tree DNA" web site, the results for some 150 different Lane families who have submitted their DNA can be viewed.


We are somewhat fortunate in that our particular family line of Lane has an unusual Y-DNA signature which is characterised by a combination of our Lane Family belonging to Haplogroup R1a1a and also having an unusual Marker result of DYS388=10, which is distinct from the more usual DYS388=12.

 Of the 150 various Lane tests submitted only 11 tests have both this Haplogroup R1a1a, (These have the Sub-Glades R-L62, R-M198, R-M512, R-L664, R-M417) combined with the Marker Result of DYS388=10.

These 11 test results are shown in Group 07 of the above web site.

To get a better idea of the 11 contributors to this special group in Group 07 and their results refer to Michael Hebert's excellent Lane DNA website which details Lanes with the R1a1a Haplogroup with the DYS388=10 marker.



Our tests with Family Tree DNA indicate that of the various Lane Families that have been tested there are 3 family groups in the USA with DNA similar to our own. Of these 3 family groups, the tests indicate that 2 have a Generic Distance of 3 (Related) and 1 has a Generic Distance of 5 (Probably Related).
For an explanation of Generic Distance Tables refer -:

 These family groups are as follows-: 

1.        Capt. John Lane b IRE d1718, Biddeford, Maine, USA -  (Generic Distance =3)

2.        John Lane b1770 England, son Cyrus b1793, Vermont, USA - (Generic Distance =3)

3.        James Lane b1769 Craven Co North Carolina, USA. (Generic Distance =5)

 It would appear all these families shared a common ancestor with our Lane family some generations ago.

Family Tree DNA also provide a time predictor or "TIP" tool which compares another persons DNA results to our own and provides via calculation a range of probabilities as to the time when the two men shared a common ancestor and this is shown below. 

There is a lot of information on the internet about one of the family groups to whom we are "related" according to DNA testing and that is the family of Capt John Lane. 

Many sources claim he was born c1673, that he was English and came from Limerick and that his father was Thomas Lane of Limerick, Ireland.

This Capt. John Lane and his wife are referred to the early History of Hampton, New Hampshire, USA as Mr & Mrs Lane which in those days indicated people of distinction or high standing.

Having been born in Limerick, Ireland in 1673 and later being described as an English Officer one suspects that his father may have been an Oliver Cromwell "Officer" or "Adventurer" in Ireland.

Cromwell landed in Ireland from England in 1649 with his New Model Army and savaged the Catholics and Royalists. Under brutal  punitive terms of surrender, mass confiscation of all Irish Catholic owned land occurred. In addition many thousands of the population were sent to the West Indies or New England in America as indentured servants or slaves.

These confiscated lands in Ireland were in part distributed to some 12000 soldiers and adventurers as they had not been paid for some eighteen months and England was unable to pay their wages.

Many of these veterans later sold their Land Grants rather than stay in war ravaged Ireland.

From a listing in John O'Hart's " The Irish Landed Gentry when Cromwell came to Ireland" we find Chapter 10, titled "The 49 Officers", Page 372 providing a listing of all Officers and Adventurers who made claims and were in service prior to 1649.

On Page 394 the following Lanes' are listed as claimants.

Lane, Major.

Lane, Sir Richard,

Lane, Thomas,

Lane, Widow,

Lane, William.

Perhaps John Lane is descended from the Thomas Lane above.


Referring to the three family groups who give us positive results on Family Tree DNA these are discussed as follows -:

 Capt. John Lane b.? Ireland d1718, Biddeford, MAINE, USA.

             His DNA was submitted via his descendant Dana Ellis Lane and, when compared to ours, results in a Generic Distance of 3, i.e. - Related

Both of our results are based on 67 marker tests.

             The TIP tool shows that there is a 76.6% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 12 generations and a 92.34% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 16 generations.

There is a substantial amount of detail on the internet about Captain John Lane b1673 who married Joanna Davison. His father was believed to be Thomas Lane of Limerick, Ireland. Captain John Lane was a noted  Indian fighter in the New England area of the USA. His family were known for their military prowess with three of his sons John, Jabez and Isaac having served in the French and Indian Wars and were Captains in the Revolutionary War. (The American War of Independence).
There are many references to the opinion that he was born in Limerick which is not far from Shravokee.
The following article makes reference to Limerick.
From A Report of the Proceedings at the Celebration of the First Centennial Anniversary of the Incorporation of the Town of Buxton, Maine, Held at Buxton, Aug. 14, 1872, By J. M. Marshall, Page 202.
I get the following traditionary information from a letter of the late Hon. M. D. L. Lane to me, dated March 30, 1872.
"What I know in relation to the original John Lane is what Capt. Stephen Lane, my uncle, related to Stephen P. Lane, my brother, who wrote it down at the time uncle Stephen told him. The language used is this, "John Lane, eldest son of John Lane of Limerick County, Ireland, an officer in the British service came to America and commanded the fort at the mouth of Saco river, near the Pool. The place of burial was shown to Stephen Lane, son of Jabez, a great-grandson of said John Lane who died at the Pool."

The complete article and other family stories on Capt. John Lane can be found on the following web site.:

There is an interesting article, held by the Boston Public Library, written in 1902 about this Lane family from Buxton.

Another article about his son John Lane is -:

This family is notable for the number of generations involved in the military, there being three generations with the rank of captain in early US conflicts.

 Capt. John Lane was apparently an English Officer, and sources indicate that he went to America from Limerick, Ireland perhaps with two brothers.

He married Joanna Davison, November 1693 at Newbury, Mass.

They had at least three children Abigail b1693, John b1701 and Mary b1706.

 Capt. John Lane was active in defending the coastal settlements (of Maine) from the Indians and was appointed Commander of Fort Mary, Winter Harbour (near Biddeford) at the mouth of the Saco River where he died and was buried before 16th November, 1718.

At the York Institute at Saco there are a number of articles which belonged to the Military members of the Lane Family including a powder horn with the name "Brimfield" engraved  said to have been brought from Ireland by the first Capt. John Lane.

His son who was also called Capt. John Lane married Mary Nowell in 1700 at York, Maine.

They had five children, John b1734, Henry b1737, Joanna b1738, Daniel b1740 and Jabez b1743.

 The NE History and Gen. Register Vol. 46 advises -:

This second Captain John Lane was a celebrated Indian fighter between 1730 and 1750 and led a roving and adventurous life. He lived variously in York, Broadbay, Biddeford, St. George etc.

He took part in the massacre of Norridgewock in 1724. (4th Indian War)

During the war against the French which began in 1744, his house was burned by Indians.

He also took part in the siege of Louisburg and after the surrender he was mustered out in June, 1745.

He was soon after taken sick, sent to Boston where he remained some time.

Whilst there his iron chest, brought to America by the first immigrant (his father) containing his papers and the Lane coat of arms, was lost and could never be found.

Later he was appointed to take charge of four companies raised in Maine to join the expedition against the French at Crown Point where he lost his life in July 14th, 1756.

 Their three sons John, Daniel and Jabez were splendid looking men possessed of great physical powers and personal bravery. They inherited the military spirit of their father and each of them became a captain in the Revolutionary Army.

They served in the Indian and French wars and were also all Captains in the American Revolution War.



John Lane b c1770 England, son Cyrus b1793, VERMONT, USA.

His DNA was submitted via his descendant Roger Wesley Lane and when compared to ours, results in a Generic Distance of 3. i.e. Related.

Both results are based on 67 marker tests.

The TIP tool shows that there is a 88.29% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 12 generations and a 96.92% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 16 generations

 Cyrus Lane's parents, it has been suggested, were John Lane b c1770, England and Sarah McGregor born in Scotland.

Cyrus Lane was born 1793 in Newbury, Vermont and went to Ontario, Canada in 1818. He died 11 Dec, 1853 at Tobo, Middlesex County, Ontario , Canada.

He married twice Sarah Todd, b1809 Co. Tyrone, Ireland who died 1853  and Sarah Strand. b. Co. Connaught, Ireland.

Children of Thomas Lane & Sarah McGregor
m. Stephen Metcalf
(Lived in NH)
m. Henry Fish
(Lived in Canada)
b1793 d1876
m. 1. Sarah Todd b1809. Co Tyrone
m. 2. Sarah Strand b. ?     Co Connaught
(Lived in Vermont)
(Lived in Vermont)
Children of Cyrus Lane & Sarah Todd
Rufus Lane
d. age 22
Alexander Lane
b. New Brunswick. Canada.
m Mary Elizabeth Haley
William Lane
m. Lucy Ann Brown
John Lane
m. Suzanna McPherson
Oliver Lane
b. 05-06-1834 Ontario
d. 20.05.1909 Mich.
m Amanda Brooks
Cyrus Lane
d infant
Cyrus Lane
b. 1845
d.1922 California
m.1.Therese Banbury
m.2 .Sadie Runkle
Eliza Jane Lane
m. Adam Fierheller
Children of Oliver Lane & Amanda Brooks
May E Lane
d. Young
Alonzo Lane
d. Young
b 29.03.1862
d.1954 Mich
Eliza Jane
d. Young
John Wesley
b08.07.1865 ONT
d.08/1950 Mich
Ernest Cyrus
m.Elsa Strack
Sara Eliz.
mJ Kennedy
Oliver Acel
m. O. Justin
d. Young
Mable Polly
d. Young
Levi Gilbert
b. 09.09.1881
m. Ethyl Haskins.


 James Lane b1769 Craven County, North Carolina.

His DNA was submitted in a 67 Marker Test by -:
Both results are based on 67 marker tests.

The TIP tool shows that there is a 62.99% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 12 generations and a 85.5% probability that we shared a common ancestor within 16 generations

James Lane, was believed to be the son of an Irishman, and the family was Protestant. James Lane was b1769 in Craven County, North Carolina and married Mary Ann (Polly) Phipps in 1775.

He was a farmer and distiller in North Carolina until 1814 when the family moved to Gallatin, Sumner County, Tennessee where he farmed and was the Sheriff.

In 1818 the family moved to Hamilton County, Illinois and where they farmed and he was also High Sheriff.

One of his sons was Judge James Lane who was one of 10 children most of whom were born in Sumner, Tennessee. 






The "Y" Chromosome.

The "Y" Chromosome contains two types of ancestral markers useful for genealogy. 

STR Markers trace recent ancestry and allows for comparison of  results with other people to determine relatedness along direct paternal lines. It is a great tool used for genetic matching with STR's in that people you are related to must test positive for the same STP's and thus be of the same Haplogroup.

 SNP Markers trace ancient ancestry and help identify the Haplogroup which basically is the ethnic and genealogical origin of the paternal line.


What is a Haplogroup?

Haplogroups are derived or predicted from Y-DNA testing and indicate  groups of a population derived from a common ancestor.

Haplogroups identify ancient ancestors, thousands of years ago before there were surnames.

There are 20 or so major Y-DNA Haplogroups designated by the letters "A" through to "T".

We belong to Haplogroup "R" which is the most prominent group. There are subglades to this group namely R1a1a which we belong to and which is predominate in Eastern Europe and much of Asia and the other main one is R1b which is the most abundant group and which is prominent in Western Europe and the British Isles.

           These sub-clades are further broken down and in our case it can be said we belong to the Mutation Groups M512 and M198.

So broadly speaking all males in the world can be set into a handful of Haplogroups which can provide a broad knowledge of the geographical area that your ancestral  line originated.

The fact that two participants belong to the same Haplogroup does not  necessarily mean they are related.


What is a Haplotype? 

Within the Haplogroup there are many different Haplotypes which are the series of 12 or more groups of numbers from the Y -DNA test representing multiple biological related ancestors.

 Your Y-DNA Haplotype is the specific set of results obtained after testing a set of STR Markers on your Y-DNA. It represents the unique generic code for your paternal ancestral line.

Your Haplotype is the same or very close to that of all males who have descended from the same forefather as yourself. This means that your  Father, Grandfather and Great Grandfathers in your paternal lineage all carry the same or very similar Y-DNA Haplotype as you.

A common application is to use it to determine how males with the same surname are connected to each other.


 What are Markers?

Depending on how much you wish to pay for testing depends on the number of Markers that are tested. There is a choice of 12, 25, 37 and 67 markers.

To obtain a reasonable result it is considered a 37 Marker Test should be ordered as a minimum.

Our results are based on a 67 marker test. 

A Marker is the Location on the Y-Chromosome that is tested for Genetic Genealogy.
These Locations or Markers have
labels such as DYS385a or DYS388 etc.
Each marker has a unique name and at that marker there can be a number of possible values e.g. our Marker DYS388 has a value of 10.

When a Marker is tested it is reduced to a number.

eg. Our DYS marker 388 has an unusual number of 10 as distinct from the common marker of 12.

 Our Actual Results.

1.          It would appear as though all these Lanes of this DYS388=10 type share a common ancestor, probably a few hundred years back and quite likely from Southwest England. 

Bear in mind that two men who share a common male line ancestor will have matching or very similar Y-DNA signature. The closer the marker match ups the closer the relationship.

The more markers you can compare increases the accuracy of the comparison. 

So, if you take a 37 marker test and have a close match to someone of the same surname, with the same Haplogroup, who has a very close match with their 37 marker test then you have a basis for further research. It could indicate you you share a common ancestor depending on how closely they match.

Our original teat was at 37 markers which gave some good results and we upgraded to 67 markers to narrow down the related families.

 From the results Family tree DNA provides a further service called Generic Distance.

 Generic Distance.

Over time DNA very slowly mutates with each generation of a family.
Therefore comparing two tests of individuals matching say 65 out of 67 markers would likely have a common ancestor further generations back than two tests matching 67 out of 67 markers.
It is estimated that one mutation occurs every 3 generations.
As a rough guide your DNA may match with your father as 67 out of 67 markers but your Great Grandfather may match 66 out of 67 markers.

Calculating Time To Most Nearest Ancestor. (TMRCA).

Comparing individuals to determine relationship.

Generic Distance is the number of mutation mismatches of the markers between any two individuals.

Using the 67 Marker Test as a basis, the results are as follows -:

"0" is a perfect match (Very Tightly Related), very few people achieve this close level of a match.

"1or 2" is a mismatch of only 1 or 2 points. (Tightly Related), very few people achieve this close level of a match.

 "3 or 4 " is a mismatch of only 3 or 4 points. (Related).

"5 or 6" is a mismatch of only 5 or 6 points. (Related)

There are further levels below this. 

With our 67 Marker test we were fortunate enough to match with 3 other Lane Families with a Generic Match of 3 (Related).

The definition of a Generic Match of 3 is -: 

In this case if you share the same surname with another male and you mismatch by only '3 or 4' points for a 63 or 64 match out of a 67 match you are Related, etc etc. Your mismatch is likely within the range of most well established surname lineages in Western Europe.   

The more mutations the lower the probable time since the most recent ancestor lived.

The formulas used, take into consideration not only the number of differences but also which markers are different. Every marker has a unique mutation rate. 

So Genetic Distance is used to determine the probability of how many generations in the past that individuals shared a common ancestor within a number of generations.

For a full explanation of Generic Distance Tables refer -:



To join the Lane DNA project please go to Family DNA website where a form can be obtained for a 67 marker test Y-DNA67.


Reading the old Family History of William Lane, which is over 100 years old, it can be seen at item 227 that the Family History of Captain John Lane is listed and that whilst they could not prove that the two families were related it was certainly considered.
The DNA evidence suggests it was the case and that they did share a common ancestor.
Several possibilities are put forward as to their possible relationship and also the fact that similar Christian Name patterns are evident.

In a note dated "Buxton, 21 May, 1890," Miss Mehitable Lane says, "To be sure there are a good many facts which seem to add strength to the probability that the First John Lane (of York Co.,) was half brother to William, the ancestor of the Hampton family, e. g. the name Samuel, elder brother of William- and Jabez, have been handed down in our families of Lanes to the present time.
But yet there is some doubt with us, as uniform tradition says, "John Lane, eldest son of John Lane of Limerick Co., Ireland, * * * came to America and commanded the fort at the mouth of Saco River, near the Pool." Notwithstanding it may be probable that the families were connected, as neither of them can be traced so near to any other. If William was the father of John, of York County. The iron chest brought over by the first emigrant (and containing the coat of arms), which was left in Boston and could never be found, belonged to William.

                If you can add or correct any of this information.

               Please email Ray Lane

                [email protected]

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