David  R Lock

David R and Sarah F Lock



Information on David Lock comes from  "Kentucky: A History of the State, Battle, Perrin, & Kniffin, 7th ed., 1887"
 and the Campbell County Historical Society. Family information comes from the files at the Campbell County Historical & Genealogical Society in Alexandria

David R Lock was the father of Newport's modern police force.  He was born in London, England, February 2, 1835 to John Brown Lock and Nancy Ann Richards, natives of Devonshire, England.  John B and Nancy Ann and family immigrated to Newport, Ky., in 1849, where John Bradford Lock was a grocer, and for a number of years was poor commissioner and treasurer of the city schools.  John Brown Lock was born in 1806 in England and died in Newport Jan 1881 and was buried in Newport Cemetery. Nancy Ann was born in 1805 and died 5 Jan 1870 in Newport and was buried in the Newport Cemetery (now known as Evergreen).   

Children of John Bradford Lock and Nancy Ann Richards

1. Frederick John Lock b-Dec 1830 in London England; d-11 Sep 1903 in Newport; m (1) Sarah Glover in Mar 1861 (b-8 Dec 1834 in Portsmouth Oh; d/o Hozel & Elizabeth Clover; d-1 June 1885 in Newport) (2) Bettie in 1892; became a doctor in Newport
2. Mary Lock b-1833 in London
3. David Richards Lock b-2 Feb 1835 in London; d-24 Aug 1911 in Newport; m-2
May 1859 Sarah F Hagerty (born Aug 1837 in Ohio, daughter of Elizabeth Helm of Newport)
4. Anna R Lock b-12 Sep 1837 in London; d-4 June 1915; m-James R Stone 19 Sep 1857
5. John Brown Lock b-22 Feb 1840 in London England; d-22 Dec 1925; m-Mary K Revell in 1875
6. Sarah Lock b-1842 in London; m-Isaac N Horner 19 Mar 1861
7. Eliza Lock b-1844 in London
8. Frances Lock b-1846 in London
9. Elizabeth Lock b-17 Oct 1847 in London; d-16 Oct 1917 in Newport; m-William H Horner 18 Oct 1882
10. Lida Lock b-1849 in London England;

David Richards Lock was educated in the common schools of London, England, and Newport, Ky., and learned the trade of a plasterer, serving an apprenticeship of three years.  He worked at his trade for a number of years, when he was appointed city collection, and served four years as city marshal. 

Children of Frederick John Lock and Sarah Glover

1. William O Lock b-Mar 1853 in Ohio; m-Laura H in 1873
2. Frank Lock b-1860 in Ohio
3. Elizabeth Lock b-1862 in Ohio
4. Frances Lock b-1866 in Newport
4. Bertha Lock b-Sep 1873 in Newport
5. Georgia Lock b-July 1876 in Newport

Children of William O Lock and Laura H

1. Frederica Lock b-Sep 1873 in Ohio
2. Jessie E Lock b-1877 in Newport

Children of David Richards Lock and Sarah F Hagerty

 1. William H Lock born in 1861-died before 1900
2. David Richards Lock Jr. b-9 Aug 1885 in Newport; m-Stella B Ware 

Children of Anna Lock and James R Stone

1. Walter P Stone b-1858 in Newport
2. Frederick John Stone b-1861 in Newport
3. William H Stone b-1864 in Newport
4. Clifford L Stone b-1870 in Newport; d-2 Nov 1893 of typhoid fever; br-Evergreen
5. Ruth Stone b-Jan 1884 in Newport

Children of John Brown Lock and Mary K Revell

1. William Richards Lock b-6 July 1875 in Newport; d-30 Apr 1876
2. John Brown Lock b-11 Jan 1877 in Newport; d-21 Dec 1884
3. Wilbert Edward* Lock b-18 Dec 1878* in Newport; m-Mae
4. Mary Lock b-6 Nov 1880 in Newport; d-12 Feb 1885 in Newport
5. Josephine Lock b-Dec 1882 in Newport
6. Frederick James* Lock b-15 Oct 1884 in Newport; d-21 Apr 1953 in Kenton Co
7. Hope Revell Lock b-14 Sep 1886 in Highlands; d-9 Apr 1941; m-L F Hanger
8. John Bradford* Lock b-11 Nov 1888* in Highlands; m-Claire
9. Kitty C Lock b-Aug 1890 in Highlands
* information comes from WWI draft card

Children of Sarah Lock and Isaac N Horner

1. Harry Horner b-1861 in Newport
2. Ernest Horner b-1863 in Newport
3. Anna Horner b-1869 in Newport

Children of Elizabeth Lock and William H Horner

1. Watson G Horner b-1884 in Newport
2. Edith W Horner b-1886 in Newport; m-Harry M Zeltner

David R. fought for the Union joining Company E 8th Kentucky Cavalry in 1862, rose from the ranks to become a Second Lieutenant, and was captured August 2, 1862 and sent to Libby Prison where he remained until March 1865.  He marched at the grand victory parade in Washington in May 1865 with the other captured officers liberated from Richmond's Libby Prison.  Tradition has it that Abraham Lincoln met the English-born Lock, who looked more robust than the other ex-captives, patted him on the shoulder and joked that "prison life did not harm you, did it?"

After operating a fish, poultry and ice store at 521 York Street, he became President of the Central Savings Bank and Trust Company.  All police chiefs needed an established civilian source of income because they had no guarantee of being reappointed once the politicians who chose them left office. He was also an agent for the Champion Ice Company of Covington.

 Lock first assumed the post of "city marshal and chief of police" in 1873.  Albert S Berry, an ex-confederate officer, earned a one-cent fine in December 1874 for knocking "flat down" Marshal David R Lock, a Union veteran. Until 1901 Lock headed the police force during four separate administrations for a total of 15 years. Of the six other police chiefs from 1873 to 1901, none served longer than five years and their average tenure was just two and half years. It was Lock who dispersed the Forty Thieves Gang.

The concern over crime that had surfaced in 1877 grew. Lock and his assistants, one of who was Thomas Cottingham, a native of Ireland who had come to Newport in 1860, discovered a cave along the Licking River near the foot of Fifth Street.  This cave had a small entrance, but it opened up to a large room and several rooms led to passages to the outside.  Also discovered was a secret room behind a closet in an old building at Fifth and Patterson by a building contractor.  In the room was a supply of jimmies, keys, saws, and other burglary tools, all labeled part of the Forty Thieves.  The discovery of this cave helped break up the gang.  The cave has since collapsed during a succession of floods.

Lock replaced felt hats with the London "Bobby" helmet on the 19th century police uniform.  By 1889 the department generally consisted of 16 men appointed for two-year terms.  They worked twelve hour shifts, with each officer assigned to walk a particular beat in one of the six wards.  The force stood at 24 men in 1899.  Average pay in 1896 was $2.28 per day for lieutenants and $2 per day for the officers on the street.  The first known report of annual arrests appeared in 1889 when there were 663, followed by 504 in 1890.  Arrests totaled 511 in 1898.

David R Lock died August 24, 1911 in Newport and was buried in Evergreen Cemetery.  He was a Mason and a Knight Templar, a Republican politically, and a member of the Episcopal Church in religion.  Lock's daughter-in-law, the wife of his son David R Lock Jr. died about the same time while on a trip to Denver intended to improve her health. Lock's funeral was postponed for a couple of days for the return of his daughter-in-law.  A double funeral was held at Grace Methodist Church in Newport and both were buried at Evergreen.

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