Kansas History and Heritage Project-Wallace County History

Wallace County History
"Lands in Kansas"
1893, Union Pacific Railway Company

Wallace County is in the extreme western portion of the state, and has a population of 2,468. It is cut squarely in two by the Union Pacific Railway. Wallace City has a population of 350, and Sharon Springs City 178, by the census of 1890. Weskan is a thriving little town within four miles of the Colorado line. Wallace County also has a number of large, flourishing ranches--among them Robidoux's, on the Smoky Hill, in Township 11, Range 38; Stevens Bros.’ and J. M. Haley’s, on Turtle Creek, in Township 12, Range 38; Madigan’s on Turtle Creek, in Township 11, Range 39, established in 1868: the Pleasant Valley Ranch of Hays, adjoining Wallace Station and the old Fort Wallace Military Reservation, with the water-works for the station; H. A. Clark's ranch, on Rose Creek, in Township 14, Range 39; W. Holmes’ sheep ranch, on Turtle Creek, in Township 11, Range 40; M. Kershners, on Goose Creek, in Township 12, Range 41; James Yoxall's, on Eagle Tail Creek, in Township 14, Range 41; S. D. Yoxall's large sheep ranch, on the Smoky Hill, in Township 13, Range 42; McLean’s, in Township 11, Range 42, on Goose Creek. Twelve miles south of Weskan there is a prosperous settlement of Swedes at a place named Stockholm in honor of their native land.

In Wallace County there is ample room for the homeseeker, on land that has never failed to produce a crop adapted to its conditions. In 1892, Wallace County had 133,078 acres in winter wheat, yielding 205,316 bushels; in spring wheat 12,041 acres, and 156,533 bushels; 1,435 acres of oats, making 38,745 bushels; 2,109 acres of rye, producing 27,417 bushels; 2,047 acres of barley, returning 59,363 bushels; 71 acres in flax, making 497 bushels; 920 acres of broom-corn, and 2,407 acres of sorghum. She had 1,454 horses, 171 mules, 1,450 milch cows, 3,807 other cattle, 8,367 sheep, and 586 swine.

The experienced agriculturalist will notice the number of sheep, and the consec uent large bodies of land ready for the home-seeker. There is, perhaps, no other county along the line of the Union Pacific, in Kansas, in which such possibilities lie waiting for the farmer. The land in Wallace County is a practically inexhaustible wheat soil, and the returns of those who have put out their land in this cereal, show conclusively that at the price at which the land may be bought of the railroad, one crop will pay for the whole purchase. In connection with Wallace County it might be said. as well as of the others mentioned in this pamphlet, that if the reader is not a farmer, but an artisan, there is perhaps no better opening for any trade than in these western villages and towns. Many of them are without a shoemaker, blacksmith or kindred worker.

One remarkable fact in Wallace County, and in all Western Kansas, and which the intending settler would do well to weigh heavily in its favor, is the healthfulness of the climate. Good water, pure air, and moral surroundings, are characteristic of the high altitudes of these western plains.

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