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Tsubaki - Looking for information regarding a famous feud between the Heike Clan and the Gengi Clan. From oral family history it appears we are descended from the Heike Clan. The family apparently changed their name from ? to TSUBAKI (the Japanese word for the Camelia flower). Eventually the family came to live in the Niigata Prefecture. ANY information is truly appreciated! Donna White. Posted 23 Apr 1998.


Ogawa - We have been researching the life and times of a Daimyo, OGAWA Suketada, who during the period 1590-1600 resided at Kokubun-jo, Imabari, Iyo Province (now Ehime-ken). During the battle of Sekigahara in 1600, OGAWA, along with KOBAYAKAWA Hideaki, KUCHIGI Mototsuna, and a few other Daimyo's, switched sides and provided the impetus for the victory by the Tokugawa (East) forces. To futher demonstrate their loyalty to TOKUGAWA Ieyasu, the following day, OGAWA and other "turncoat" Daimyo's attacked the castle of ISHIDA Mitsunari (Sawayama-jo) and killed his family.

Our research indicates there was "bad blood" between ISHIDA and KOBAYAKAWA that went back to the Korean war waged by TOYOTOMI Hideyoshi in the 1590's. KOBAYAKAWA was the commander-in chief (although only 20-years old) in Korea during the 1597 resumption of hostilities. Because of jealousy and rivalry between the Japanese generals, the campaign was not successful. Although KOBAYAKAWA was blameless for the lack of success, ISHIDA reported to Hideyoshi that KOBAYAKAWA was incompetent. Subsequently, Hideyoshi ordered KOBAYAKAWA to relinquish his command and return to Japan. KOBAYAKAWA refused, and relations became strained between the two (even though Hideyoshi had adopted Hideaki). But, through the good offices of TOKUGAWA Ieyasu, the Taiko and Hideaki were reconciled. We believe this intercession on the part of Ieyasu and the report of incompetence by Mitsunari were the grounds on which KOBAYAKAWA and his friends "paid back" ISHIDA.

My research indicates that OGAWA Suketada was dispossessed of his domain at Imabari in 1600, and TODO Takatori took over. KOBAYAKAWA was rewarded for his actions by being given the provinces of Bizen and Mimasaka with a revenue of 520,000 koku's of rice. None of the other "turncoats" were dispossessed that we know of. A photo of an historical marker located at the former site of Kokubun-jo in Imabari says that OGAWA was dispossessed and that TODO used the stones of OGAWA's castle to build a new castle by the seashore and called it Imabari-jo.

What is not generally known is that OGAWA was (sometime after 1600) appointed as shoya (mayor) of Tsukui-gun Sagamiko-machi, in what is now Kanagawa-ken. This was apparently an hereditary position, as his descendants continued in that position until the Meiji Restoration. OGAWA Suketada died in May 1620 and was buried near Lake Sagami. Years later, he was removed when a dam was constructed and a large area was inundated. He was relocated to a mountain-top overlooking the lake. After the Meiji Restoration, the Japanese government ceased to support the feudal compensation system. Many of the families that existed under this system for 250 years could not make the adjustment. Hence, the OGAWA family apparently gradually sold off property until the early 1900's. My wife's grandfather, OGAWA Tadayoshi was the last male in the direct line from OGAWA Suketada. Tadayoshi had two daughters, Sakai and Hide. Hide is my wife's mother.

I don't believe that OGAWA Suketada was dispossessed by Ieyasu in 1600 because none of the other "turncoats" were handled in this manner (that I know of). There must have been some other circumstance that caused his demotion. We read in a document at the Library of Congress in Washington DC, that OGAWA was a warrior who could not adjust to peaceful times, and Ieyasu was petitioned by some Daimyo's to replace and demote OGAWA (for cruelty to his subjects?).

OGAWA's wife was the eldest sister of Hitotsu-YANAGI Naomori (1565-1636) who resided at Kuroda-jo in Owari province from 1590-1600. After 1600, Naomori was moved by Ieyasu to Kambe in Ise, and in 1634 to Saijo in Iyo province.

We would love to know anything else about the life and times of OGAWA Suketada including who appointed him as Shoya and why; the reason for his demotion from daimyo; and finally, Hideyoshi presented OGAWA with a sword known as "Samonji". Is it still in existence? Where is it?

Richard J. & Michiko Saunders. Posted 19 Mar 1998.


KAYA-no-MIYA, ASAKA-no-MIYA, TAKEDA-no-MIYA, & 2 DAUGHTERS OF EMPEROR MEIJI - I currently maintain an unofficial, English language web site on the genealogy of the Japanese Imperial Family at: http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Temple/3953. I compiled the information using English language sources, as I do not myself read Japanese. I am looking for the death dates of the following persons, each of whom left the status of Imperial Family in 1947:

Thanks. Jeff Taliaferro. Posted 21 Jul 1997.

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