Allen County Indiana Revolutionary Soldiers
Allen County Indiana Cemetery Project

Thomas Threlkeld



Revolutionary Soldiers

Thomas Threlkeld

The progenitor of the Threlkeld family in America was Christopher Threlkeld who emigrated from Cumberland County, England, to Virginia about the year 1695. He settled in that portion of the state which later became Northumberland County. His descendants appear in the records of King George County, and it was there, in about the year 1734, that Thomas Threlkeld, the Revolutionary War soldier, was born. He was the son of Christopher, the second son of the immigrant, and his wife, Susannah, Threlkeld. Nothing is known of the early life of Thomas, but sometime prior to 1777, he married a Mrs. Nellie Long, daughter of Reuben Long of Culpepper County, Virginia, and widow of a Mr. Long, probably her cousin. Records show that in 1777 Thomas and Nellie were living in Stafford County, and in 1778 and 1782 in Culpepper County. However, by 1786 they had moved west and were settled in Mercer County, Kentucky. Census records of that county as late as 1789 show them as still living there. On January 31, 1790, Thomas Threlkeld made a will in which he mentioned his wife, Nellie: nephews George and Daniel, sons of his brother John; Thomas and William, sons of his brother Moses; and nieces, Mary and Rachel Threlkeld, daughters of his deceased brother, Henry. He also spoke of Nellie’s son, Armistead Long.

Very little is known of Thomas Threlkeld’s military background, but at the time of his death he held the rank of Ensign and it is unlikely that he would have attained this rank without some military experience. Records do show that he served in the Militia in King George County, Virginia, during the Revolutionary War. Sometime before the fall of 1790 he appears to have associated himself with a Kentucky Cavalry unit attached to the First U.S. Regiment under the command of General Josiah Harmar. During a campaign against the Maumee villages, now the site of Fort Wayne, Indiana, a detachment of volunteers under Colonel Hardin was sent to disperse a gathering of Indians along the Maumee River. On October 22, 1790, as the troops were attempting to ford the river, the Indians opened fire and the Americans were routed with heavy losses. Ensign Threlkeld was among those killed, and he was probably buried in a trench along the Maumee River.

He was survived by his widow and a son, Thomas, born posthumously on October 31, 1790. Nellie Threlkeld died in Woodstock, Virginia, in March or April of 1804.

References:
General Harmar’s campaign. Prepared by the staff of the Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County, 1954.

O’Byrne, Mrs. Roscoe C., comp. & ed. Roster of soldiers and Patriots of the American Revolution buried in Indiana. n.p., Indiana Daughters of the American Revolution, 1938.

Threlkeld, Hansford Lee. Threlkeld genealogy. Morganfield, Kentucky: (published by the Author), c 1932.

Yenne, Betty. Mercer County, Kentucky, census records, 1789, 1800, 1820. Tax List 1795. Fort Wayne, Indiana: Fort Wayne Public Library, 1965.



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