2/26/1998 NOTES From The White County Historical Society Library

White County Historical Society Library
by Charlene Shields!
This article appeared in THE CARMI TIMES
February 26, 1998

BARBRE--Need death date

BARBRE--Need death date of James Barbre (sometime after April 1910). Did he go with his wife to Arkansas? Wife Nancy GROMER BARBRE was in White Hall, Poinsett County, Ark., buying and selling land 1913 to 1917. By 1923, she was in Madison Cunty, Ill., running a boarding house. What happened to her husband, James Barbre?

Kathleen Eaton Greene,
8736 N. Haven Ave.
Portland, OR

TAXING TIMES: Abraham Lincoln

TAXING TIMES: Abraham Lincoln once overpaid taxes by $1,300. Missouri once had a $1 bachelor tax. Taxes in ancient Greece were paid by personal services. In England in the 18th century, tax was based on the number of fireplaces. Two IRS automatic audits are on the president and vice president. The Jivara Amazon tribe paid taxes with shrunken heads.

--From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch

Most who have done any amount of research have found one or more ancestors who were "indentured servants." We are prone to assume these people to have been uneducated or of servile origin, in permanent service to a master. However, an indenture is simply a contract. These people were not slaves. They were not necessarily cooks, housemaids or lackeys, either. Many people in England and Europe wished to emigrate to America but lacked money to pay the fare. Often, they agreed with a relative or friend to accompany the family, to work for them for a stated time, usually five to seven years, and signed a contract to that effect. Many came from a vocation or rank, but lacking cash, they worked their way. Many teachers were indentured and came as family tutors.

A genealogist friend

A genealogist friend was horrified when I mentioned that I had recently found Simon Girty lurking in my family tree! I need to consult a grade school history book to refresh my memory on the horrible acts he committed. I remember he participated in the Indian raid on a party led by Daniel Boone on one of his earliest trips to Kentucky. In the foray, Boone's son, Israel, was killed. Girty was captured by Indians when he was a small child and grew up as an Indian. He began to understand how the Indians were being treated by the white man, and he remained forever loyal to the Indians. He worked with the English against the American pioneers and became despised by the pioneers who were trying to settle beyond the Eastern Coast. (Perhaps we were exposed to only one side of the story in our history books!)

"Earth is like a giant six-layer cake, with all the nuts on top."
--Unknown wise person

We continue to be comfortably busy with letters and visitors to our Genealogy Library. We're open from 11 to 5 on Wednesdays. Come join us.

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