Original Muscatine Co IA Genealogy Home Page Biography Library-Surnames A, B, C
Muscatine County and Vicinity
Biographical Sketches
Surnames A-B-C

ADAMS,  Elias, farmer, Postmaster and railroad agent; P. O. Adams; owns 600 acres of land, valued at $25 per acre; born July 25, 1832, in Monroe Co., Mich.; in the fall of 1832, his parents moved to La Grange Co., Ind.; his mother died there in 1834; in the winter of 1838, his father moved the family to Muscatine Co. and located in this township. He was married the  second time to Philipena Carpenter, of this county; in the spring of 1863, moved to Kansas, and, the fall following, died of cholera at Kansas City. Mr. Adams has been a resident of this township since 1838. He married Miss Martha M. Hughes, of this county, March 16, 1867; she was born Nov. 26, 1838, in Greene Co., Ohio; they have seven children--Marietta, Harriet, Chester, Louisa, Hester E., Elias J. and John Q., lost one son---Arthur. Mr. A. appointed Postmaster upon the establishing of the office in 1872; also railroad agent. Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

ADY, James H., far., Sec. 11; P. O. Atalissa; son of Joshua and Rachel Ady; born March 12, 1825, in Harrison Co., Ohio; parents moved to Belmont Co. in 1844. Married there to Miss Sarah Gregg, Jan 2. 1851; she was born Jan 23, 1824, in the same county; the following spring, emigrated to Muscatine Co.; entered his present farm of 160 acres, which now adjoins the town of Atalissa, and is valued at $45 per acre. The town was laid out in the fall of 1855 by Capt. Lundy and John P. Cook, of Davenport, the railroad being completed and the first passenger-train run through to Iowa City Jan.1, 1856. Mr. Ady's father is still living in Atalissa, in his  81st year; his mother died in March, 1853. Their children are--- Maria, Hillis J., and Laura L.; lost one son--- Gregg. Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

ADY, T. L.,  far., Sec.11; P. O. Atalissa; owns ninety-five acres of land, valued at $50 per acre; born May 27, 1829, in Harrison Co., Ohio; in the spring of 1844, his parents moved to Belmont Co., Ohio; in 1851, to Louisa Co., Iowa; in 1852, to Sweetland Tp., of this county; in the spring of 1854, came to this township.  Married Sarah E. Lamb Feb. 22, 1857; she was born in January, 1837, in Wayne Co., Mich.; her father died three months before she was born, and her mother two weeks after; have one son--- Hall G., born Jan.6, 1862. Mr. A. has served his township as Trustee; is also a member of  Ionic Lodge, No. 122 of A.F.& A. M.., at Atalissa; also member of church; assisted in organizing their Sabbath school, of which he has served as Superintendent eight years. Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

AGAR, Thomas, Sec. 10; P.O. Fairport; was born in Linconshire, England, in 1816, where he remained until he was about 32 years of age and received his education, and, in 1843, he married Miss Lucy Allsop, of Nottinghamshire, England, and in 1848, sailed for the United States, landing in New York; remained for some fifteen or sixteen years; in the spring of 1864, they came to Iowa, settling in Muscatine Co., where they have since resided; they have four children living--Elizabeth E, H.W., A.E. and Lulie.  In 1865, Mrs. A. died;  Mr. A again married--Miss S.G. Rowan, daughter of John A. Rowan of this county--in the fall of 1867; they have three children living--Albert S., Jennie and Tom.  Mr. A is by trad a cabinet-maker, which trade he followed prior to coming to Iowa; since, has been farming, and has a fine farm of 150 acres.  He is Independent in politics.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

AKE, J. H.  dealer in wood, coal, flour, feed and agricultural implements, Wymore, Neb., was born in Bedford County, Penn., in 1821, where he lived until 1855, when he moved to Muscatine, Iowa, where he engaged in buying grain and stock, and dealing in lumber. In 1868, bought the Young America Flouring Mill at that place, and ran it until 1869, when he moved to Syracuse, Otoe County, Neb., where he engaged in farming until 1882, when he moved to this place. Mr. A. has been twice married; in 1843 at Lowell, Mass., to Miss Charlotte White, and by this marriage has four children living--Permelia, John, Adolphus and Frank.  Was married in 1860 to Miss Albina Rohn, at Catasauqua, Penn., and has six children--Preston, Luella,  Albert, Austin, Clara and Nellie.

Source:  Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska, Gage County

ALDEN, WM. HALBERT of the firm of W. H. Fairchild & Co., dealers in general merchandise, located in  Aurora October 1, 1879, and the firm now occupy a fine new two story brick building, 22x80 ft.,  double-shelved, with gallery, iron warehouse in rear, and public hall second floor, having one of the most convenient rooms, and packed with the most complete stock of goods to be found in Central Nebraska.

Wm. H. was born in Chenango County, N. Y., June 1, 1831, entered the employ of Edward Miller, of Truxton, N. Y., as clerk, at the age of sixteen years. During the year 1850 he entered the dry goods house of  E. Gogham, Detroit, Mich., as salesman, where he attained his majority--casting his first ballot for Zach Chandler for mayor; afterward having charge of a general merchandise store in Oakland County, Mich. September 11, 1854, finds him established in general merchandise at Union, McHenry Co., Ill., where he continued successfully to the close of the war, his name appearing upon record as Supervisor, Township School Treasurer, Postmaster, etc., which public offices he resigned upon his removal to Tipton, Iowa, April,  1865. In connection with his business of general merchandise, his service of five years as Director and Secretary of the Muscatine, Tipton & Minnesota Railroad Co. evince his active interest in all public improvements, and the files of Aurora newspapers record him as Chairman of the (anti-license) Board of Trustees for 1881-82, as also of Board of School Trustees. Mr. A. is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and was knighted in DeMolay Commandery, No. 1, Muscatine, Iowa. He was married October 26, 1854, at  Rochester, N. Y., to Elizabeth Payne Findley, who died at Tipton, Iowa, 1871. In 1872 he married Miss  Mary Lightfoote, of Canandaigua, N. Y., who, in addition to the cares of a large family, finds time and evident  pleasure in the details of his extensive business, appearing daily at her position in the dress goods department.

Wm. Merle A. (married), Kate F., Eva B., John L., Joseph G., and James H, children of Mr. A., comprise a family large enough to place him among the representative men of Nebraska's population. Notwithstanding Mr. A. has met many reverses, he has never failed in his business and claims that his legitimate business of merchandising has never proved unremunerative (outside transactions only disastrous) during thirty-five years
of active business.

Source:  Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska, Hamilton County

ALDINGER, John C., farmer, Sec. 10; P.O. Sweetland Center; born in Muscatine Co., Iowa, Nov. 1, 1853; his parents, John and Catherine Aldinger, came to Muscatine Co. in 1851; Mrs. Aldinger was born in Dauphin Co., Penn., Nov. 24, 1817; John, Sr. born in Germany Oct. 18, 1815, and died Nov. 8, 1856.  John Aldinger, Jr., married Miss Lizzie Johnson in 1876; she was born in Queen Anne Co., Md., March 1, 1857; they have two children--Katie and Emma.  Mr. A. is a Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

Note: daughter Alma Mary had not yet been born at the time this article appeared.

ALLBEE, G., farmer and dealer in stock, Sec 34; P.O. Pleasant Prairie; born in Windham Co., Vt., April 27, 1822.  Married on Jan.29, 1844, Miss Eliza M. Allbee; born in Windsor Co., Vt, Feb. 2, 1828; moved to Davenport in 1855, where Mr. A. worked on the first bridge that was built across the Mississippi River, and Mrs. Allbee was the first woman that crossed that bridge in 1856;  Mr. A. removed to Muscatine Co., and settled in Montpelier Tp; in March, 1857, removed to where he now resides; they have six children---three sons and three daughters--Calista, Elbert A., George W., Leslie, Eliza M., Theda, and two deceased--Eleazar and Arizina.  Mr. A. has improved 240 acres in the county and owns 597 1/2 acres.  Politics, Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

ALT, CHARLES H., a successful farmer of Buffalo township, was born in the province of Schleswig, Germany, September 25, 1870, his parents being Karl and Catherine (Hansen) Alt, both native of the same section of the fatherland, where the former was born in 1833 and the latter in 1842. In 1885 the father came to America, and
although he settled first in Rock Island county, Illinois, after on year's experience he came to Scott county, Iowa.
Charles H. Alt, being about fifteen years of age when he left his native land, had already received a thorough
training in the rudiments of education as taught in Germany. However, after he reached Illinois he again entered
school that he might obtain a knowledge of the English language and customs more systematic than could be
obtained through intercourse with the men and women he should meet. He assisted in the work that was carried
on upon his father's farm, assuming many of the heavier responsibilities of its operation as the years proved he
was a man of power and ability. Later when he married he made it his permanent home. Although yet a young
man with the most productive years of his life still before him, he has already made a record of which he has no
reason to be ashamed. The condition of his buildings, the cultivation of his fields, tell their own story, that their
owner is a man of industry and good management. While he is never sparing of hard work, he is careful that neither time nor substance is wasted, and consequently should enjoy a pronounced success as the years pass on. In 1908, he purchased his present farm consisting of ninety-two acres in Buffalo township.

In early manhood Mr. Alt was united in marriage to Miss Louise Danz, a daughter of Chris Danz, of Muscatine,
Iowa. A son and a daughter have been born to them-Herbert and Catherine. The family are members of the
Lutheran church, while Mr. Alt has always given his allegiance in political matters to the democratic party. While
he is not an aspirant for office, he has won the confidence of his fellow citizens who elected him to the position
of director of the Blue Grass schools. He belongs to Blue Grass Lodge, No. 26, of the Modern Brotherhood of
America, and to the Grange, and he has made friends who loyally accord him respect and good will.

"History of Davenport and Scott County" Vol. II by Harry E. Downer-S. J. Clarke Publishing Co.Chicago. 1910
Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann of the Scott Co IAGenWeb Project - used by permission

ALTEKRUSE, Rudolph Sr., farmer, Sec. 3; P. O. Muscatine; born in Prussia in 1813. Married Sophia Gedvermark, a native of Prussia, born in 1809. They came to America the year of their marriage, 1837; they first located in Baltimore, Md., and remained about four years; came to Muscatine Co. in 1841, and purchased the farm they now own the same year. They have had eight children, four still living---Sophia who married Adolph Gurtz; Henry, Rudolph and Mary, now Mrs. William A. Chapman.  They are members of the German Congregational Church. Rudolph, born in 1847, married Alice White in 1876; she was born in Johnson Co., Iowa, in 1854; they have two children--Rosella May and Mary A. They are members of the M. E. Church. Mr. Altekruse and his son Rudolph own about four hundred acres of land.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Seventy Six Twp

ALTENEDER, Charles, a representative farmer of Montpelier Township, residing on section 18, is a native of Kempton, in the Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, and was born June 18, 1826. His parents, John and Mary (Haggenmiller) Alteneder, were also natives of that country, and of their five children four are yet living: Theodore, who is the inventor of one of the best field glassas in the world, is one of the successful merchants of Philadelphia, Pa.; Louisa is the wife of Ferdinand A. Wurm, a resident of Atlanta, Ga., who is a professor of music and a teacher of seven different languages; Caroline, who is now deceased, was the wife of Christian Brehm; Charles, who is the subject of this sketch; and Josephine, who was living in Germany when last heard from. The death of the father occurred in Germany in 1855, and the mother departed this life in 1874.

Our subject spent the days of his boyhood and youth in his native land, where he received his education. When a young man he resolved to cast his lot in the New World, and in 1848, accompanied by a brother and sister, he bade good-by to his home and friends and started for America. There were no steamers in those days, the voyage having to be made in a sailing-vessel, which was seventy-seven days in crossing the Atlantic. Landing in New York in June, he remained there but two days, and then went to Philadelphia on foot, and there worked for three months in a shipsmith's shop, for which he received no wages. He remained in Philadelphia until the 1st of November, and then went to Lebanon, County, Pa., and there worked for a farmer for his board during the winter. He remained on that farm until May, 1851, when he came West, locating in Muscatine County, where he entered 160 acres of land, having previously purchased a land warrant in Philadelphia. He subsequently added to the original tract until he became the owner of 275 acres. He has since given eighty acres each to two of his sons, and is now the owner of 116 acres where he resides, and which pay tribute to his care and cultivation.

On the 14th day of December, 1852, Mr. Alteneder was united in marriage with Miss Barbara Hahn, who was one of a family of ten children, the following-named now living; Mathias, John, Margaret, Paul, Barbara, Catherine and John of Muscatine.  Three children grace the union of Mr. and Mrs. Alteneder:  George, a resident of Sweetland Township, who married Anna Schmidt, daughter of George Schmidt, whose sketch appears on another page of this work; Charles, husband of Pauline Wurm, now residing in Atlanta, Ga.; and Willie, who wedded Louisa Kleinsmith, and lives in Montpelier Township. In 1873 Mr. Alteneder returned to Germany to visit his mother, whose death occurred the following year. He is truly one of the self-made men of Muscatine County. Coming to this country in limited circumstances, he began working at the ship-builder's trade, but for three months received no compensation for his labor. His early disadvantages seemed but to strengthen his resolve to make his life a success, and with renewed energy he continued his labors, until he has now become one of the well-to-do farmers of this community. He was formerly a Republican, but is now a supporter of the Democrat party.

Portrait and Biographical Album, Muscatine County, Iowa, 1889, page 338

AMENT, W. B manufacturer of carriages, buggies and farm and spring wagons, Third street is a native of Kentucky, but when only 2 years of age, his parents moved to Nashville, Tenn., where he was brought up and learned the tinning business; in November, 1845, he came to Iowa, located in Muscatine and engaged in the tin and stove business, and continued it for twelve years  in 1855, he established his carriage and wagon manufacturing business, which has become well known through out the State, and extends to Illinois and Missouri  he turns out over one hundred farm wagons and one hundred carriages yearly, employing twenty five men and it is one of the leading industries here.  Mr. Ament is prominently identified with the interests of the city and county; he was President of the Board of Trustees before the. city charter was adopted, and held the office of City Treasurer four years  He married Amelia Robbins, of Pennsylvania in 1847; she died in September, 1873   leaving six children; he married Mrs. Lucinda Watkins, of Ohio, April 2, 1879.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 

ATKINS, WILLIAM B.,  far., Sec 20; was born in Montrose, Mich., in 1837; in 1840, removed with his parents to Niagara Co., N.Y.; remained several years; removed thence to Pennsylvania, thence to Wisconsin; engaged as river pilot, which occupation he followed for several years on the lakes and rivers of the Northwest; in 1861, while at Memphis seized with the spirit of adventure, and determined to cross the plains, for that purpose returned to Wisconsin, and there joined a party then preparing to go West; on the way, they were attacked several times by the Indians, and Mr. A. was wounded twice. They traveled through several of the Territories, which satisfied Mr. A.'s adventurous spirit, and he returned to civilization and married Miss Malinda Purcell of this county; has two children--Loretta and Cora.   Independent in politics.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BACON,  Frank, of Bacon & McIntire, dealers in dry goods and general merchandise, corner Fourth and Cedar streets; residence corner Sixth and Cherry; born at New Haven, Conn., Jan. 30, 1835, and, when 18 months of age, his parents removed to Camden, Oneida Co., N. Y.; at 21 years of age, he came to Iowa, and, in the fall of 1856, engaged as clerk with J. J. Rider, of  Wilton; he continued with him until the spring of 1860, when he purchased the entire business interest of his employer, and continued alone until the spring of 1870, when Mr. Charles McIntire became a partner; in June, 1874, with others, he organized the Farmers' and Citizens' Bank, of which he was elected President. April 2, 1861, he married Miss Harriet E., daughter of J. J. Rider; she was born in Seymour, Conn., in August, 1843, and, with her parents, came to this county in 1856; they have three children----two sons and one daughter; the eldest, Charles C., was born in February, 1862; John E., in June 1864; and Mary, in June, 1868. Radical;  members of M. E. Church.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 Wilton Twp

BAKER,  George, Sec. 34; p. o. Muscatine; born in Fairfield Co., Ohio, March 14, 1849; came to Muscatine Co. in 1857. Married Miss Alice Rice Nov. 14, 1877; she was born in Muscatine Co., Iowa, Aug. 17, 1855. Mr. Baker has been engaged in school-teaching and farming; owns 100 acres of land, on which he has made all the improvements. Members of the M. E. Church. Mr. B. is Township Clerk. Democrat

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BAKER, John proprietor of the Muscatine Steam Boiler Works;  Mr. Baker is a native of Bohemia; was born May 11,1840; came to Muscatine in 1852; engaged  in his present business in 1860. He married, in Leavenworth, Kan.,  Miss Mary Anchutz; they have six children---Ida, Lilly, Emma, Maude, Myrtha and Paul.  Mr. Baker manufactures the Estes engine, the most perfect engine made; he makes the latest style of slide-valve engines, steam boilers, boiler fronts, and all of the latest styles of boiler fixtures, steam  and water pumps, steam and water gauges ; also mill-gearing,  pulleys, shafting, and mill machinery in general for flour and sawmills; he furnishes plans for millwright work, also mining machinery; he is the agent for Cape & Maxwell's boiler feeder.  Mr. Baker's long practical experience, coupled with business energy, has increased his business until it now ranks with any in the State.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 

BAKER, PHILIP, farmer, Sec. 25; P.O. Blue Grass, Scott Co; born in Muskingum Co, Ohio, June 8, 1822; came to Scott Co. in 1837; removed to Muscatine Co. in 1838; his father, J.P. Baker, was a native of Pennslyvania; his mother, Catherine Baker, a native of Virginia; were among the early settlers of the county, where they remained until their death.  Mr. P. Baker married Miss Katherine Findley July 13, 1848; born in Augusta Co, Va., Sept. 22, 1822; she came to Ohio with her parents in 1833, and thence to Scott Co., Iowa, in 1847; they have one son and one daughter--James C. and Katherine E., and four deceased---William L., Susannah, John and Albert N.   Mr. B. owns 466 acres of land; has improved 200 acres in the county.  Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BAKER, R.M. of the firm of Baker & Hoover, real estate and loan agents; was born in Rockingham Co., Va., July 26,1834; he lived there until 1865, when he came to Iowa and located in this county; in 1867, he came to Muscatine,  and since then he has been engaged in business here; in addition to his land and loan business, he carries on the  Livery business on Front street; he owns the Commercial Hotel property and other city property.  He married Miss Mary Ann Sheets, a native of Shenandoah Co., Va., in 1855.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 

BAILEY, M.  banker, is a native of Ohio, born in 1835. In 1851, he moved to Iowa; while here he studied medicine, graduating from the medical department of the State University and Keokuk, in 1858, and located at Emporia, where he practiced, being the first physician in the place. He was surgeon of the First Regiment, Kansas Volunteers; he was surgeon of the Nineteenth in 1868, when the Indian expedition was organized. He had moved to Topeka in 1864, and practiced there until 1870, with Dr. Stormont, coming to Chanute in 1870, then called New Chicago, selecting a site for the bank on the corner of Fourth and High streets, and opened the banking house of M. Bailey & Co., in January, 1871. In 1873, he built the first brick dwelling-house in Neosho County. He married in 1864, Miss Jarboe, of Muscatine. They have four sons and one daughter.

Source: William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas, Neosho Co. 

BAILEY, MARSHALL was born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, February 1, 1848, and is the son of Michael and Ann (Pringey) Bailey. Marshall was married in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, September 8, 1868, to Miss Sabina Sipe, a daughter of Peter and Rebecca (Hess) Sipe. By their union seven children have been blessed, whose names are as follows--Laura Etta, Alice R., Nevi S., Edwin P., Ora Bessie, Albert A. and Annie May. In 1869 Mr. Bailey went to Fayette county, and there remanined until 1870, when he removed to Muscatine county. In 1873 he left Muscatine county and came to Adair county, when he remained until one year later, when he came to Beaver township and settled on section 18, where he owns one hundred and twenty acres of land, one hundred of which are cultivated. Mr. Bailey has been school director and roadmaster.

Source: History of Guthrie and Adair Counties, IA Continental Historical Company 1884, Springfield IL

Among the younger representatives of Davenport’s legal fraternity is numbered Walter M. Balluff, who, however, in the years of his connection with the bar in this city has made substantial progress, augmenting his ability by thorough study and research, and working his way upward by merit. He was born in Scott county, September 18, 1880, a son of August A. and Josephine E. Balluff, the former a native of this county and the latter of Muscatine county, Iowa.

Spending his boyhood days under the parental roof, Walter M. Balluff pursued his education in the public schools of Davenport, continuing his studies through consecutive grades until he was graduated from thehigh school with the class of 1899. Reflection concerning the business world and the various opportunities therein offered along many lines of industrial, commercial and professional activities, led him to the determination to make the practice of law his life work and to this end he entered the office of Cook & Dodge, with whom he remained as assistant until 1906, when he was admitted to the firm. Since the 1st of June, 1909, the firm has been Cook & Balluff. In no profession does advancement depend more largely upon individual merit and with the realization of the fact that his labor must constitute the foundation upon which to build success, he devotes himself with great earnestness to the preparation of his cases and in their presentation leaves no point undefended that he can fortify by the citation of precedent or law principle.

Mr. Balluff in his political allegiance is a democrat, and his social relations are with the Elks and the Knights of Columbus.

"History of Davenport and Scott County" Vol. II by Harry E. Downer-S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago IL 1910
Transcribed by Debbie Gerischer for the Scott Co IA GenWeb Project-used by permission

Helen Bamford was born on November 16, 1902, in Muscatine, Iowa, to Frank and Mary Dietrick Bamford. She spent her entire life in Muscatine except for five years in California as a young child. Bamford graduated in 1920 from Muscatine High School and started in the photography business as a receptionist at the J. A. Chamberlin studio in 1924. It was there that she learned the profession. In 1949 she opened her own studio. She specialized in portrait photography and won many awards, including the Medlar Award for Iowa's best portrait in 1968. She was a member of Professional Photographers of America, Professional Photographers of Iowa and Southeast Iowa Photographers. Bamford retired in 1978 and died in 1994.

Source: University of Iowa Special Collections
(note if you are researching this family, the U of I library special collections houses 4 boxes full of her personal papers and photographs)

Among the successful and representative agriculturists of Cleona township who claim Germany as the place of their nativity, is John Bangert, whose birth occurred in Hesse-Darmstadt on the 12th of November, 1852. His parents were Henry and Marie (Wanda) Bangert, also natives of the fatherland, whose entire lives were spent in that country. The father was a distiller by trade, being engaged in that line of activity for twenty-one years. John Bangert, of this review, was the second in order of birth in a fmaily of six children, he and a sister Mary being the only ones of that number to come to this country.

In the common schools of Germany John Bangert acquired a good education and remained under the parental roof until fifteen years of age, when he came alone to America. Here he joined an uncle, John Wanda, who resided in Muscatine county, Iowa, near Blue Grass, with whom he continued to make his home until twenty-one years of age. On attaining his majority he took up agricultural pursuits on his own account and for four years operated a farm belonging to his aunt in Muscatine county. At the expiration of that period he came to Scott county, where he rented a farm in Buffalo township for two years. He then returned to Muscatine county and there engaged in farming in the capacity of renter until about eleven years ago, when he purchased his present farm, consisting of one hundred and sixty acres located on the northwest quarter of section 34, Cleona township. He has since directed his efforts toward the further development of this farm, which under his wise and careful management has been brought to a high state of cultivation, it being one of the well improved properties of the township. He practices rotation of crops, has made a thorough study of the cereals best adapted to the soil and climate and the proper cultivation of the same, and is systematic, methodical and progressive in his methods, so that with the passing of the years he has won a most gratifying measure of success in agricultural lines.

Mr. Bangert laid the foundation for a happy home life by his marriage, October 23, 1879, to Miss Katharine Shulte, who was born in Buffalo township, Scott county, Iowa, on the 1st of May, 1858, and is a daughter of Henry and Marie (Gaass) Shulte, both natives of Germany. The parents came to New York in 1850 and were there married, after which they removed to Cleveland, Ohio, and thence to Davenport. The father died at the age of sixty-eight years, his death occurring on the ocean while on a trip back to the fatherland, while the mother survived for several years, passing away when eighty-three years of age.

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Bangert were born six children, namely: August, of Cleona township; Marie, the wife of Henry Bierkamp of Cedar county; Anna, who married Henry Lehms of Muscatine county; Clara, the wife of Hugo Schneckloth, a resident of Muscatine county; and Henry and Lena, both at home.

Politically Mr. Bangert has given stalwart support to the democratic party since age conferred upon him the right
of franchise, but he has never been an aspirant for public office, preferring to concentrate his energies upon the
conduct of his business affairs. He is public-spirited in his citizenship, however, and although born across the waters is thoroughly identified with the interests of his adopted country and is numbered among her loyal, representative and substantial citizens.

History of Davenport and Scott County, Volume 2 by Harry E. Downer
S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago IL 1910
Originally transcribed for the Scott Co IAGenWeb Project by Debbie Gerischer-used by permission

Prominent among the physicians and surgeons of Davenport and this section is Dr. Charles Lawrence Barewald, one of Iowa’s native sons, his birth having occurred in Muscatine county on the 9th of September,1869. Of German parentage, he is a son of Frederick and Matilda (Wiese) Barewald, both natives of the fatherland. The father came to the United States when about thirty years of age, locating in Muscatine county, Iowa, where he engaged in the harness business until his death, which occurred in 1872. The parents were married in the United States, and, appreciating the opportunities offered in this country for their children, inculcated lessons of honesty, sobriety and patriotism which have borne excellent fruit.

Reared in the county of his nativity, at the usual age Dr. C. L. Barewald became a pupil in the public schools and, continuing through consecutive grades, completed his preliminary training by graduation from the high school at Wilton Junction, Iowa, and later received his B. S. degree at the Norton Normal and Scientific Academy at that place. He then entered the medical department of the University of Iowa, graduating therefrom in 1891, and immediately thereafter opened an office for practice in Muscatine, where he remained for two years, after which he came to Scott county, locating in Buffalo in 1893. Ten years were there devoted to the general practice of medicine, at the expiration of which time he came to Davenport in order that he might be in constant touch with his duties as county physician, to which office he had been elected on the 1st of January, 1904. In that official capacity he had charge of the regular medical work of the county hospital and the emergency work of the jail and police station. These duties were at all times faithfully performed and with credit to his skill and humanity. In the meantime he had become well known as a most capable and proficient physician and surgeon, and when, after serving in the capacity of county physician for three and a half years, he returned to his private practice he was accorded a liberal patronage which has continued to grow in extent and importance. From the first he has been highly successful, impressing all with whom he has come in contact with his trustworthy character, his earnestness, zeal and scrupulous regard for the ethics of his profession. He has
proven himself skillful in diagnosis, sure in prescription, thoughtful and tactful in attendance and prompt and efficacious in emergency. He has not only sought to extend his knowledge and efficiency by continued study and research, but keeps in touch with the advance made in the medical world through his membership in the Scott County and State Medical Associations.

In March, 1893, Dr. Barewald was united in marriage to Miss Grace Urban, a native of Chicago and a lady of excellent traits of character, who occupies a high place in social circles in Davenport. Although a large private practice demands his time and talents, leaving little opportunity for the amenities of life, Dr. Barewald nevertheless finds time to keep up his interest in things municipal and social, and holds membership in Wilton Lodge, No. 167, A. F. & A. M., while he also belongs to the Knights of Pythias fraternity and other societies.

Early in life he became interested in the politics of the country and, forming his own opinions and rules of conduct, has given stalwart allegiance to the principles of the republican party since age conferred upon him the right of franchise. Public-spirited and loyal in his citizenship, he has ever been a worker for the best interests of Davenport and Scott county along both professional and civic lines, and his adopted city has profited by his efforts in her behalf and accords him a place of prominence in the forefront of her valued and representative citizens.

History of Davenport and Scott County, Volume 2 by Harry E. Downer
S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago IL 1910
Originally transcribed for the Scott Co IAGenWeb Project by Elaine Rathmann-used by permission

BARGER, Alonzo J. ; born in Muscatine Co., Iowa, Nov. 30, 1856; is now residing at the old homestead; owns forty acres of land in Greene Co. Republican. W. J. Barger came to Muscatine Co. in 1855; Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARGER,  Jacob H.; farmer, Sec. 26; P. O. Muscatine; born in Pike Co.,Ohio, Sept. 20, 1820; came to Muscatine Co. in 1848.  Married Miss Elizabeth Hellems in 1844; have three children--Elizabeth E., born July 16, 1847; Nancy C., born April 22, 1850; Mary C., born Dec. 18, 1852; deceased, Jacob E., born June 28, 1855, died Jan. 12, 1859; Virginia N., born March 2, 1845, died Dec. 10, 1876. Members of the M. E. Church. Mr. B. owns 200 acres of land, and is a Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARGER, W. J.; farmer, Sec. 26; P. O. Muscatine; born in Pike Co., Ohio, Feb. 8, 1826. Married Miss Margaret Boggs Feb. 20, 1851, born in Jackson Co., Ohio, Nov. 5, 1833, died Jan. 4, 1879, leaving a family of the children--Frank B., born March 27, 1853; William A., born Jan. 4, 1855; George D., born Dec. 12, 1858; Ada O., born Jan. 24, 1861; Elmer E., born June 28, 1863; Icy D., born Sept. 21, 1865; Laura A., born Nov. 11, 1867; Maggie A., born Oct. 17, 1869; John, born May 30, 1873; Hattie B., born Oct. 28, 1876.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARKALOW, D.G., far., Sec. 13; owns 218 acres of land valued at $40 per acre; born Feb. 20, 1806, in Warren Co., Ohio.  Married Catherine M. Beach, sister to Dr. Beach, of New York City, March 3, 1830; she was born March 12, 1809 in Fairfield Co., Conn., and died Jan. 7, 1851; again married, to Miss Susan Jackson, Dec. 10, 1854; she was born Feb. 11, 1816, in Fairfield Co., Conn; in the spring of 1855, emigrated to Muscatine Co., locating upon the farm upon which he still lives; has seven children living by first wife--Lewis B., William P., Munson B., Elizabeth A.,  Benjamin F., Mary E., Sarah J.--lost six--Salina, Derrick G., Maria P., John H. and two infants not named; children by second wife--Nannie M. and Derrick G. 2nd.  Two of his sons served their country in the late rebellion--Munson B. in Co. G. of 35th I.V.I. and Benj. F. in Co. G. of 2nd I.V.C.  Mr. B. has served his township as Trustee twelve years, and is a stanch Union man; Republican.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARNARD, Amos, furniture and undertaking, Fourth street, corner of Cherry; residence, Seventh street; born in Washington Co., Ind., in 1833, and in June, 1847, with his parents came to Iowa and settled in Muscatine, where his father, a wagon-maker, worked at his trade until 1848; he removed to what is now  Wilton, and was employed in the erection of the first saw-mill erected in this part of the county; he afterwards removed to Cedar Co., where he remained until his death.  In 1860, Amos Barnard married Elizabeth, daughter of Elijah Martin (an early settler of this county); she was born in Ohio in 1840; they settled in Muscatine for a few years, and returned to Cedar Co. until 1876, when he came to Wilton and opened his present business, still retaining his farm in that county, consisting of 160 acres of land, valued at $30 per acre; he also owns his residence and place of business; they have six children--Dora F., Melinda J., Clara B., Anna, Annis and Elizabeth.  Members of Grace Reformed Church.  Has held various township and school offices; is a member of Wilton Lodge, No. 167, A.F. & A. M., also of No. 107, I.O.O.F.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARNARD, Joel, farmer, Sec. 7; P.O. Muscatine; born in York State (sic) April 20, 1809; went to Washington Co., Ind., with his parents in 18--(sic), where he was united in marriage to Miss Malvina Bogal in 1832; born in Virginia April 16, 1810; removed to Muscatine Co. in 1843; have seven children--Rural, Andrew, Sarelda, Ruth, Levi, Polly and Bathia.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARNARD, John,  horticulturist, Sec. 28; was born in Wheeling, Va., June 6, 1826 in 1844, went to Zanesville, Ohio, and engaged in fruit-raising and nursery business; he removed to this county and settled where he now resides. He married in Zanesville, Ohio, in October, 1847, Miss Rebecca Rupp; they have six children--William, Thomas, Edward, Albert, Lilly, Mary, John C. E. V. Mr. Barnard owns 280 acres of land on Sec. 28, Town 77, located on the Iowa City Road, and within five minutes drive of Muscatine; it is finely improved--40 acres of orchard, 8 acres of small fruits. Mr. Barnard acted with the old Whig party; on its decline became a Republican; members of the Baptist Church.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARNES, Charles;  farmer, Sec. 8; P. O. West Liberty; son of Enos and Charlotte (Bagley) Barnes; was born in Knox Co., Ohio in 1831; came to Iowa in 1839, where he has since resided; improved the farm on which he now resides, consisting of 443 acres. Mr. B. married, in the fall of 1852, Miss Mary M., daughter of Adam Hemperley, a native of Pennsylvania; they have four children--- Iva Luella, Byron W., Chester H., and Harvey C. Mr. B. is a mechanic and plow maker, which occupation he followed for several years prior to engaging in farming. He is a member of the A.F. & A.M., and a stanch Republican.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARNES, Franklin,  farmer, Sec. 17; P. O. West Liberty; was born in Knox Co., Ohio, in 1833; in 1839, with his parents, removed to Muscatine, Iowa, where he has since resided. Mr. B.  married Miss Elizabeth Larne, of Johnson Co., Iowa in 1857; she is a native of Wayne Co., Ohio, and came to Iowa with her parents in about 1845; they have five children---Thedora, (now Mrs. Wagner), Susie, Fannie, Harry and Nellie. Mr. B. has a fine farm of 360 acres; is one of Muscatine Co.'s stanch and enterprising farmers. He has ever been a stanch Republican.   His parents Enos and Charlotte (Bagley ) Barnes, were natives of Vermont and New Hampshire; married in Vermont in 1815, removing thence to Ohio; they were among the very early settlers of that part of the State; they had nine children when they came to Iowa, in 1839, eight still living--- Almond, Simeon, Gilbert, Charles, Lucy (now Mrs. Colman ), Amy (now Mrs.                 Cheesboro), Diantha (now Mrs. Givans); and Franklin. Mr. B. died in November, 1877, at the age of 82 years; his wife is still living, at the advanced age of 83.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

Among the important farmers and stockmen of Blue Grass township is William A. Barnes, a son of Isaac and Lucinda (Speer) Barnes, both natives of Pennsylvania. The father, who was a son of William Barnes, was born in 1816, while his wife, whose birth occurred in Apollo, Armstrong county, was born in August 1830. On the 1st of April, 1865, they came to Scott county, Iowa, where Mr. Barnes bought one hundred and fifty-five acres of land on the boundary between blue Grass and Buffalo townships. He followed farming and as success attended his efforts he invested quite extensively in land, until at his death, July 1, 1889, he was the possessor of five hundred and fifteen acres. Two sons ad two daughters were born to him and his wife: William A., the subject of this sketch; John D., who married Minnie Vance, a daughter of Richard Vance, of Muscatine county, Iowa, and is now engaged in the drug business in Chicago, Illinois; Nancy, who became the wife of M. E. Moorhead; and Ella S., who makes her home with her brother William A. The mother died November 15, 1908.

William A. Barnes was born in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, January 30, 1859, but received the greater part of his education, however, in Scott county, for he was little more than six years of age when his parents removed to this state. Reared to the life of a farmer, he has followed it as his vocation, and on the death of his father inherited one hundred and fifteen acres of timber land in Muscatine county, which he has held as an investment.  It is from his arable fields that he has derived his success, for he has tilled the land with care and diligence, and, being thoroughly conversant with agricultural methods, has known the character of crops best adapted to the soil. While he has consistently followed diversified farming, he has devoted considerable time to the stock business, making a specialty of raising shorthorn cattle and Poland China hogs. This branch of his business has proved most profitable, so that he well deserves to be numbered among the successful men of Blue Grass township.

It was in 1890 that Mr. Barnes was united in marriage to Miss Minerva Burnsides, a daughter of Amos Burnsides, of Buffalo township, and a descendant of one of the early families of Scott county, for her grandfather, James Burnsides, was one of its pioneers. Three children have been born to them, namely: Chester, Wilma and Roland, all of whom are at home.

Mr. Barnes is a consistent member of the republican party and for the last twenty-five years has served as school treasurer. With a realization of the advantages of educational institutions of high grade, he has steadily given his support to progressive measures and everything that is calculated to advance the welfare of his fellow citizens. While he is ever interested in public affairs he has never sought any public office.

History of Davenport and Scott County Vol. II by Harry E. Downer-S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago IL 1910
Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann of the Scott Co IAGenWeb Project-used by permission

BARROWS, Albert,  far, Sec. 15; P. O. Muscatine; was born in Meigs Co., Ohio, Aug. 1, 1833, where he resided until 1855, then came to Muscatine Co., and settled on Muscatine Island. He married Miss Mary Heselton, of Meigs Co., Ohio, daughter of Frederick Heselton. Mr. B. has a farm of thirty acres, which he has finely improved, located in Sec. 15, two and one-half miles south of Muscatine; he is a ship-carpenter, which trade he followed previous to coming West, and carried on that business at Murraysville, W. Va. Mr. B.'s father and brothers live and own quite a tract of land joining him. Independent.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARRY, Charles O., the well and popular postmaster of Walker, is one of Iowa's native  sons, his birth having occurred in Jackson county, September 10, 1868. His parents,  Nicholas J. and Mary S. (French) Barry, were natives of New York and Pennsylvania  respectively and it was during the latter part of the '50s or early '60s that they came west, the mother's people locating in Illinois across the river from Muscatine,  while the father's family settled near Bellevue, Jackson county. While residing there the father entered the Union army, becoming a member of Company K, Thirty-first  Iowa Volunteer Infantry, with which he served until honorably discharged for  disability. He was with Sherman on his famous march to the sea and after the close of hostilities was honorably discharged and returned to this state. He located at Lamotte, where he worked at his trade as a harnessmaker until 1874 , which year  witnessed his arrival in Walker. Here he made his home until called to his final rest in 1890. His widow is still living and now resides with her son Justin in Walker.

During his boyhood and youth Charles O. Barry received a good practical education  in the common schools and remained at home with his parents. As a young man he  worked at the carpenter's trade for a time and was later employed in the creamery at Walker for four years. In the meantime his father had been appointed postmaster of Walker and he assisted in the office, continuing to carry on affairs after the father's death when his mother was appointed postmistress. He practically had charge of the office until Grover Cleveland was elected to the presidency, when, being a republican, the office passed into other hands. In the meantime he and his brother Justin had acquired the printing plant of the Walker News and after  pursuing a commercial course in the Cedar Rapids Business College he returned to Walker and entered the printing office, being a partner of his brother in its operation. They have since carried on the paper and have made it one of the leading journals of this section of the state. On the 1st of March, 1898, Mr. Barry was appointed postmaster and is now filling that office in a most creditable and satisfactory manner, having early become familiar with the duties which devolve  upon him in this connection.

On the 23d of June, 1897, Mr. Barry was united in marriage to Miss Ella M. Edwards, of Walker, and to them was born one child, who died in infancy. They have since adopted a son, Charles Paul, whom they are now rearing. By his ballot Mr. Barry has always supported the men and measures of the republican party and has taken  an active and commendable interest in public affairs. For the past five years he has  served as president of the Iowa branch of the National League of Postmasters and prior to that time served one year as secretary of the organization. He has been  sought to allow his name to be used for the office of national president but has  refused the honor. Fraternally he is a member of Walker Lodge, No. 498, I. O. O. F.,  and is a man prominent in business, social and political circles, for he is a  wide-awake and progressive citizen, whose genial, pleasant manner has gained  him a host of warm friends.

N. BARRY & SON, plumbers, gas and steam fixtures ; also dealers in gas fixtures and globes, lead pipe, sheet lead, bath-tubs, water-closets, wash-stands, hydrants, iron pipe, iron sinks and pumps rubber hose and packing, hemp packing, etc., Second street, near Mulberry, Muscatine, Iowa; N. Barry & Son are essentially business men, thorough mechanics, and, by their tireless personal attention to their business, have made it a decided success, constantly enlarging to meet the growing demands of the public; we venture to say that their establishment is one of the best arranged and most complete of the kind in the State.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BARRY, NICHOLAS, of the firm of Nicholas Barry & Son, plumbing and gas fitting; Mr. Barry was born in County Wexford, Ireland, in 1824; emigrated to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1842, in which city he married Miss Alice Potts; they removed to Rock Island, Ill., in 1857, thence to Muscatine in 1867; their children are Patrick J., Mary E. (now Mrs. P. Fahey), James, Nicholas, Katie (now Mrs.  John Hadden) , Silas, Thomas. Mr. Barry was Superintendent of the Gas Works in Rock Island during his residence in that city, and has been Superintendent of the Muscatine Gas Works over ten years; he is a man of much enterprise, and has placed himself in the front rank of the men in his business in the State of Iowa.

Source: Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879


The life record of Mark E. Bartlett is one that proves that success and an honored  name may be won simultaneously and that the public official may represent in his service the highest and most unselfish devotion to the general welfare. A native of  Ohio, Mr. Bartlett was born in Lorain county, February 3, 1854. His parents, William  and Sarah A. (Sturdevant) Bartlett, were natives of Maine, but were married in Ohio  where they made their home for a number of years. In 1855 they came to Iowa,  settling in Clayton county where the father entered land from the government and  developed the farm upon which he made his home throughout his remaining days.  He died January 18, 1899, having long survived his wife, who passed away in 1871.  In their family were seven children, of whom three are yet living.

Mark E. Bartlett was only about a year old when the family came to Iowa and upon  the home farm in Clayton county he was reared. He acquired his education in the district schools and upon leaving home at the age of seventeen years engaged in clerking. After a year and one-half spent in that way he began working for a surveying party with which he remained for some time and then again secured a  clerkship. A year later he turned his attention to the painter's trade and after  working in the employ of others for a time began contracting in that line and  continued in the business until his death. He was accorded a liberal patronage and  his business interests constantly developed in volume and importance, making him  one of the leading painting contractors in Cedar Rapids, where he took up his  abode in 1875. For ten years he also conducted a store in this city, dealing in wall  paper and paints, and he occupied a prominent position among the representative  and progressive merchants of Cedar Rapids.

On December 6, 1878, Mr. Bartlett was united in marriage to Miss Mary Stebbins,  who was born in Delaware county, Ohio, in 1855, a daughter of Joseph and Jane  (Young) Stebbins, who were natives of Indiana, but removed to Delaware county in  an early day. Her father entered land there and remained a resident of that county  until 1858, when he brought his family to Linn county, Iowa. Her mother died in  1884, while Mr. Stebbins survived until 1897. In their family were five children. Mr. and Mrs. Bartlett became the parents of eleven children: Harry C., now deceased;  Mabel M., the wife of W. E. Miller of Linn county; Pearl, the wife of F. P. Hanson of  Muscatine county, Iowa; J. W., who is living in Nebraska; Ray and Berry, who are  deceased; Charles E., at home; Hazel, who has also passed away; Josephine, who  is now attending high school; Howard, at home; and one who died in infancy.

The husband and father died January 28, 1901, leaving a widow and six children to mourn his loss. His remains were laid to rest in the Linwood cemetery and his death was a matter of deep regret to many who knew him. He held membership in the  Modern Woodmen camp at Cedar Rapids and gave his political support to the republican party. On that ticket he was elected mayor of Kenwood and gave to the  town a public spirited business-like and practical administration, characterized by  many needed reforms and improvements. He also served as alderman and was a
member of the city council and did effective work for the interests of Kenwood. He likewise served on the school board for six years and the cause of education found  in him a stalwart champion. He attended the Methodist Episcopal church and was  active and helpful in its work. Mrs. Bartlett is also a member of that church and  belongs to the Yeomen lodge at Cedar Rapids. She now has a beautiful home in  Kenwood Park which she and her husband occupied and where they delighted to  extend to their many friends a warm-hearted hospitality. In all of his public duties  Mr. Bartlett was actuated by a spirit of unfaltering devotion to the general good and  his business life was characterized by unquestioned probity. Wherever he was  known he was held in high esteem and most of all where he was best known.

Source: History of Linn County Iowa from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time: Volume II

BARTLETT,  Thomas H., far., Sec. 21; was born in Kentucky, in 1828; came to Muscatine Co. in 1852; married Miss Sarah Kinsley of this county; she was born in Pennsylvania; they have one child, Charles H. Member of the M. E. Church; he is a Democrat. Mr. Bartlett's occupation is that of farmer; he owns a farm well improved.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc. Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BATTY,  WILLIAM C. M. D., a prominent citizen of this county, residing on section 19, Sweetland Township, was born in Addison County, Vt., Dec. 3, 1824, and there grew to manhood. Choosing medicine as his profession, he entered the medical college at Worcester, Mass., being graduated from that institution in the class of '48. After completing his studies he began practicing in Monkton, Addison County, remaining there for seven years, but in the spring of 1855 he left his native state and removed to Iowa, settling in the northern part of Winneshiek County, where he continued the practice of his profession for nineteen years. To him that county owes much of her present prosperity. In the early days of his residence there, there was no other physician in that part of the country, and he would often have to ride forty miles to see a patient, driving home over the unfenced prairies by night, guided only by the stars. He established the first post-office at Hesper, and mail route connecting that place with Burr Oak, and served as its Postmaster for fourteen years, at which time he resigned the position. Although he did not enter the ranks during the late war the Union cause had no more loyal advocate than Dr. Batty. He remained at home, and during the four long years of that terrible struggle he cared for the families of the soldiers, receiving no fee for his labors, not only leaving with the sick the medicine to cure the disease, but a kind word or a little gift always went with it. No truer friends can anywhere be found than those to whom the doctor ministered when their husbands, fathers, brothers and sons were fighting on the Southern battle-fields.

Leaving Winneshiek County after a residence of nineteen years, Dr. Batty then went to Topeka, Kan., and there dealt in musical instruments for a short time, but as the business was not a paying one he abandoned it and removed with his family to Muscatine, Iowa in 1873. Residing in the city until the fall of 1874, he then removed to his country residence in Sweetland Township, the farm formerly owned by Albert Tebbets, where he has since engaged in farming and also in the practice of medicine.

On the 17th of July, 1845, in Addison County, Vt., Dr. Batty was united in marriage with Miss Louisa B., daughter of James and Ruth Chase, and to them were born a family of seven children, though three are now deceased: William E., the eldest, born Dec. 14, 1849, is engaged in teaching music in Muscatine; James H., born May 28, 1852, who was a partner of his eldest brother and one of the highly respected young men of the city, died July 19, 1887; Amos E. and Eddie C. died in Winneshiek County in childhood; Frank H., who is married and lives in Hodgeman County, Kan., is the owner of 400 acres of land, and engages extensively in stockraising, and is pursuing the study of medicine; Willard A., born Oct. 14, 1868, residing at home, is a graduate of the Muscatine High School; and Grace L., who was born July 13, 1872, is in attendance at the same school. On the 15th of January, 1880, Dr. Batty was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife. She was a lady beloved by all who knew her; her hopitality and kindness won her many friends; in her home the weary ones found rest, and those in distress were comforted. The Doctor was again married, Feb. 27, 1881, becoming the husband of Emma C. Pace, daughter of M.P. Pace, one of the earliest settlers of Sweetland Township, whose sketch appears on another page of this work. Two children have been born of this union: Mary E.L., born Aug. 18, 1884, and Alice H., Nov. 21, 1887.

In his political sentiments Dr. Batty has always been a stanch supporter of the Republican party, and is also strong in his support of the prohibitory law. He has always taken an active part in temperance work, and was a member of the organization known as the Washingtonian Temperance Men. In 1856, when the Republicans nominated John C. Fremont as their candidate for President, he took an active part in the canvass in Winneshiek County, and has ever possessed a controlling influence in the community where he resides. Mrs. Batty is his co-worker in behalf of the temperance cause, is a member of the W. C. T. U., in which organization she is Local County and District Superintendent of the Benedict Home work, and is one of the earnest Christian workers of this section.

Dr. William C. Batty traces his ancestry back for upward of two centuries. His paternal ancestors were from the northern part of England, and emigrated to this country in Colonial days, probably late in the seventeenth or early in the eighteenth century, as we find that the founder of the family in this country, Samson Batty, settled in Jamestown on Connecticut Island, and one of his sons was there married to Margaret Cass on the 15th of September, 1707. Nicholas Batty, the grandfather of our subject, was of the fifth generation; he was born on the 29th of October, 1758, and died on the 23d of February, 1847. He served as a soldier in the Revolutionary War. He afterward became a Quaker. On the 5th of February, 1784, he was united in marriage with Miss Thankful Baker, who was of English descent. They were the parents of seven children: Lydia, Joel, Ezra, Joanna, Benjamin, Joseph and Amos, who was the father of William C. Amos was born on the 21st of February, 1800. He was a prominent member of the Society of Friends and a preacher for that denomination. He was united in marriage with Miss Ruth Carpenter, a daughter of Stephen and Hannah Carpenter. Their children were nine in number, five of whom are now living, three sons and two daughters: Lydia is the wife of William F. Hoyt, of LaCrosse, Wis.; William C. is next in order of birth; Lucy is the wife of Henry C. Morrison, and resides at Red Bluff, Cal.; Zeno C. is a resident of Hesper, Iowa, and is a Quaker preacher, and James H., also a resident of Hesper. Four children died in Vermont. Amos Batty became a resident of Iowa in 1856, and settled in Hesper, Winneshiek county, where he resided until his death, which occurred Oct. 30, 1872, his wife having departed this life about four years previously.

The maternal ancestors of our subject, the Carpenter family, are able to trace their family genealogy back to Richard Carpenter, who lived about 1638 in Wales. His brother William Carpenter, amassed a very large fortune in Wales. He was a ship chandler, and died intestate in 1700, at an advanced age, and his will bears date of 1684. His estate was valued at 40,000,000 pounds sterling, which amount is in the Bank of England awaiting claimants. The Carpenter family, of which Mrs. Batty, the mother of Dr. Batty, was a member, are among the claimants for this vast estate, and they have succeeded in tracing their heirship back to Richard, who is proved to be a brother of a William Carpenter and supposed to be a son of Ezra, but they have not established the fact that he was the William who left the large estate.

This Carpenter family was established on this continent by three brothers, Ephraim, Josiah and Timothy, who sailed from Bristol, England, for New York, in the barque "Reindeer", in 1678, and settled on Long Island and bought an extensive tract of land from the natives, at or near what is now Jerusalem in Hempstead, Queens Co., N. Y.

Dr. Batty was in early life a Whig, but a short time previous to the disruption of that party he became identified with the Free-Soil party, and on the formation of the Republican party he became a member of that party, and has acted with it since. The doctor while in Winneshiek County took the census on two different occasions, and once in the township where he resides. He has been a Justice of the Peace for six years. He is a member of the Society of Friends, and is an earnest worker in Sabbath-school work, being the Superintendent and a Bible Class teacher in the Friend's Church in Sweetland Township.

Posted by Donna VanZandt

BAXTER, GEORGE W.  farmer, Sec. 32; P.O. West Liberty; son of William and Mary A. Baxter; born April 30, 1836, in Sussex Co.,  N. J.; in the spring of 1846, came to this county, locating in Seventy-Six Tp.  In May, 1861, at his country's call, he enlisted in Co. C. of the 1st I.V.I., for the three-months service; participating in the battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo., where Gen. Lyon was killed; in May, 1862, enlisted in Co. F. of the 35th I.V.I.; was at the siege of Vicksburg, battle of Pleasant Hill, La, Jackson, Tupelo, Miss.,  and Nashville, Tenn; mustered out in August 1865.  Married Mary A. Robshaw, daughter of George and Mary A. Robshaw; June 10, 1874; she was born in 1847 in England; parents coming to this country in 1850; have one son--Chester J., born Feb. 27, 1878; lost one infant son; owns 450 acres of land, valued at $35 per acre.  His father deceased June, 1876, and mother in April, 1848.  Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BAXTER, MRS. LUCENA, P.O. Muscatine; widow of the late Wm. Baxter; Mr. Baxter came from New Jersey to Muscatine Co.; he was married three times and left seven children, five by the first marriage--John R., Lucy, Caroline, George and Maggie; none by the second marriage; his third wife was his present widow, Mrs. Lucena Cox, by whom he had three children, two of whom are living--Henry C. and Abram L; their other child died in infancy.  Mrs. Lucena Baxter's marriage with Mr. B. was also her third marriage; she had two children by the first marriage--Eliza J. and Josephine Sanford, and two by the second marriage--B.F. and T.J. Cox.  Henry C. Baxter married, Nov. 28, 1876, Mattie J. Day, a native of Iowa; her parents were early settlers of Iowa.  Mrs. Lucena Baxter came to Muscatine Co. with her mother, Mrs. Maggie Williamson, in 1837; they settled in Bloomington Tp.; her mother had eight children when she came to this county, only three of whom are living--Lucena, Jane and Mary; Mrs. L. Baxter's maiden name was Clark.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Cedar Twp.

BAXTER, W. H. , physician and surgeon, office, Cedar street; residence, corner Bates and Cherry; son of Jos. H. and Isabella Baxter (nee Porter), who were of Scotch and Irish descent, but natives of Pennsylvania; he was born at Cannonsburg, Washington Co., Penn., Dec. 28, 1828, and educated at the common schools and at Hagerstown (Ohio) Academy; he read medicine with Dr. John H. Stephenson, at Lewisville, Ohio, from the spring of 1847 to the fall of 1850, and graduated at Keokuk College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1865, and in the ensuing year, at the Chicago Medical College; in 1852, he came to Moscow, this county, where he practiced his profession until 1867, when he removed to Wilton. In 1852, he married Matilda J. Wright, who was born in Harrison Co., Ohio, in 1834, and died in 1862, leaving two children------Clara, wife of Birt Ball, a railroad man of Trenton, Mo., and Ida May, wife of Bartley G. Gard, a farmer at Cedar Rapids, this State. In 1864, he married Mary E., daughter of Alexander Small, of Washington, Ill.; she was born in Tazewell Co., Ill., in 1848; they have three children, two daughters and a son----Nellie Maude, Lizzie and Willie H. The Doctor is a member of the Muscatine County Medical Society, of the Iowa and Illinois District Medical Society, of the State Medical Society, and of the American Medical Association; of the Wilton Lodge, No. 167, A. F. & A. M., in which he has been Master for the third time; also, a member of  the Chapter of R. A. Masons at Muscatine. Mrs. Baxter is a member of the Presbyterian Church.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879,  Wilton Twp

BEACH, BENJAMIN A., Postmaster of Muscatine, ex Colonel of the 11th I.V.I., was born in Hamilton, Butler Co., Ohio, on the 20th of January, 1827, and is the son of John and Rosanna (Wilson) Beach, the former a native of New Jersey, and the latter of Pennsylvania.  At the age of 13 years, he was apprenticed to a tinsmith in Richmond, Ind., to learn the trade of his master, at which he continued three years.  At the outbreak of the Mexican war, he ran away from home and enlisted as a soldier in the 1st O.V., Col. A.M. Marshall commanding, and remained in the service some sixteen months; he served through all the marches and campaigns of that struggle, fought at Monterey and in other engagements, and was honorably discharged at the close of the war.  In 1850, he moved to Muscatine, Iowa, and opened a store; he continued in business until the breaking-out of the war, and on the 17th of April, 1861, he enlisted in Co. A, 1st Regiment, I.V.I.; in the battle of Shiloh he lost thirty members of his company, and took part in the campaign against Corinth; in the battle of Iuka, and in the second battle of Corinth, where his regiment lost heavily; he participated in the march to the sea, and through the Carolinas, and was present at the surrender of the rebel Gen. Joe Johnston; at the battle of Atlanta, Maj. Foster, of the 11th Iowa, was killed in the same engagement in which Gen. McPherson was killed; July 22, 1864, Capt. Beach was elected Major of the regiment; before his commission as Major was received; Col. Abercrombie resigned his commission and Maj. Beach was elected Colonel of the regiment and retained that position until the arrival of the army in Washington, when he was placed in command of and Iowa Brigade, consisting of the 11th, 13th, 15th and 16th regiments, and was offered a brevet to his rank, which, however, he declined, the war having ended, the compliment was an empty one; during his long and active military career, except thirty days' leave of absence after the return from the Louisiana campaign, he was never a day off duty by sickness, never was wounded, captured, or absent on leave; he was mustered out of the service at Louisville, Ky., July 19, 1865; he returned to Muscatine, and, with William T. Butts, engaged in the grocery business; he received the appointment of Postmaster of Muscatine and was confirmed in January, 1878.  He is a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, and a generous contributor to all charitable institutions; he is a member of the Masonic fraternity and is a Knight Templar.  Col. Beach has been twice married--his first wife was Miss Mary R. Stevenson of Muscatine; married Nov. 29, 1854; she died March 11, 1857; he married his present wife, Miss Josephine Mason, of Muscatine, Jan. 31, 1866; they have two sons--George and Fred.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BECKER, HENRY, manufacturer, wholesale and retail dealer in cigars of the finest brands, also retail dealer in fine cut and plug tobaccos, snuff, pipes and a full line of smokers' articles.  Mr. Becker was born in Pittsburgh, Penn., in 1847; came to Muscatine in 1852; in 1876, he married Miss Emma Hutting, in De Soto, Wis; he engaged in  business in this city in 1868.  Mr. Becker is a Democrat; is liberal in religious views; he has had seventeen years' experience in the manufacture of tobaccos of various kinds; he thoroughly understands his business, and aims to keep only the best of everything in his line.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BEH, FRANK X., for many years an important factor in agricultural circles, is now living retired, enjoying the quietude that comes of labor well performed. He is a native of Scott county, born in Buffalo, September 18, 1861, a son of Francis X. and Caroline (Heckley) Beh, who were prominent pioneer settlers of Scott county.

The father was born in the southern part of Germany in the year 1826 and pursued his studies in the schools of his native country. He also learned the stonecutter's trade and about 1850, with his wife and one child, emigrated to the United States. He made his way to Detroit, Michigan, but after a year there spent took up his abode in Buffalo, Iowa, where he worked at stonecutting and lime burning for a number of years. He cut the stone that was used in the erection of the Catholic church in Buffalo and also in a number of other buildings erected in this village. In 1867 he engaged in farming, having purchased one hundred and twenty acres in Buffalo township, sixty acres of which was improved. He served as justice of the peace, road supervisor and school director in Buffalo township and in many other ways his influence was felt in community interests. He was a prominent member of the Catholic church at Buffalo and gave liberally of both time and means in support of the church. He also kept the records of the church for many years prior to his death, which occurred in 1899. His wife, also a communicant of the Catholic church, donated the bell and our subject and his brother were the first to ring the bell after it was placed in the tower. The mother died in 1904, at the age of seventy-two year.

The family record is as follows: Henry R., of Muscatine county; Anna, the wife of Morris Barnick, who also lives in
Muscatine county; Joseph, who is engaged in merchandising in Harlan, Shelby county, Iowa; Frank X., of this review; Katherine, the wife of Adolph Strohbehn, who resides on a part of the old homestead farm in Blue Grass township; Charles C., of Dickinson county; Benjamin, of Buffalo township; and Mary, the wife of Harry Schiele, a resident of Muscatine county, this state.

Frank X. Beh, the immediate subject of this review, was reared on the home farm and acquired his preliminary
education in the schools of Buffalo and Oak Hill, while later he pursued a course in Ambrose College at Davenport. He then returned home and resumed farming with his father, remaining under the parental roof until his marriage, when he began work on his own account. Eventually he became the owner of land and followed farming for many years. He still owns an interest in hte home farm of one hundred and sixty acres in Buffalo township and also owns residence property in Davenport, where he now lives retired.

Mr. Beh chose as a companion for the journey of life, Miss Alvina Weise, a daughter of Fritz and Christina (Schnack) Weise, who were early settlers of Scott county. The father conducted a livery stable in Davenport for forty years and died in 1899, at the age of sixty-three. The mother is still living and is a communicant of the Protestant church. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Beh, which was celebrated June 25, 1896, has been blessed with six children, Alvin F., Clarence M., Frank B., Leon Beh, Raymond and Eddie, but the last named is deceased.

Mr. Beh, inheriting the sterling characteristics of a long line of German ancestry and endowed by nature with a
good constitution, early developed all the attributes which make the successful man. His home at 1419 Marquette street, in Davenport, is a hospitable one and the family take great pleasure in entertaining their many friends

"History of Davenport and Scott County" Vol. II by Harry E. Downer-S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago IL 1910
Transcribed by Debbie Gerischer for the Scott Co IA GenWeb Project-used by permission

BEIL, R.,of the firm of Molis & Co., dealers in guns, pistols, cutlery, etc., Second street, Muscatine, Iowa; native of Germany; born in 1827; emigrated to Virginia, with his parents, in 1832; they removed thence to Crawford Co., Ohio, in 1833; in 1845, Mr. B. came to Muscatine and engaged in his present business.  He married Anna C. Wigand, of this city; they have two children--Lena and William B.  Mr. B. acts with the Democratic party; member of the Evangelical Church; he is a member of the I.O.O.F., and has been Treasurer of  his Lodge a number of years.   Messrs. Molis & Beil keep a large stock of the different lines of goods embraced in their trade, and have a first class establishment; they do the largest business in their line in the city.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879


Fritz Bernick is successfully engaged in farming in Buffalo township and is well known as a raiser of Scotch shorthorn cattle, to which line of business he gives much of his time. A farm in Blue Grass township, Scott county, was the place of his nativity, his natal day being December 29, 1857. His father, Mortiz Bernick, was born in Germany, November 29, 1826, the wedding ceremony being performed in the year 1846. They began their domestic life in the land of their birth and there remained until 1857, when, the father believing he could provide a better living for himself and family in the new world, they set sail for America and upon their arrival here at once made their way to Scott county, Iowa. The father rented land of a Mr. Newcomb in Blue Grass township and continued its operation until 1866, when he purchased a tract of land in Muscatine county, this state, to which he removed. He was very successful in his farming operations and became a prominent and influential citizen of that section of the state. There are four living members of the family, those beside our subject being: Moritz, a farmer of Muscatine county; Adolf, who lives in Cedar county, Iowa; and Elizabeth, the wife of Charles Sheelie, a resident of Davenport.

Fritz Bernick was reared on the farm in Blue Grass township to the age of nine years, when he accompanied his parents on their removal to their newly acquired tract of land in Muscatine county, and it was in the district schools of the latter place that he acquired his early education, completing his studies in Davenport in 1871. On putting aside his text-books he returned to the home farm in Muscatine county and for a decade worked for his father. During this time he gained an intimate knowledge of the best methods of farming so that when he started out independently he was well qualified for carrying on a successful business.

In 1881 he established a home of his own by his marriage to Miss Melinda Harsch, a daughter of Emanuel Harsch, who was born in Wurtemburg, Germany, November 7, 1823, and located in Scott county in 1852. He still owns a farm in Buffalo township, which is operated by Mr. Bernick, and he makes his home with his daughter and her husband.
Mr. Bernick prior to his marriage had made arrangements to farm his father-in-law's place and immediately after that important event in his life he took up his abode thereon. He has since purchased land in the same neighborhood and altogether has under his supervision two hundred and eighty acres, most of which is under cultivation but a portion of the land is devoted to pasturage, for his is engaged in breeding and raising Scotch shorthorn cattle, making a specialty of this branch of business. Mr. Bernick also owns a section of land in Kansas, buying this in 1886, and he likewise owns a section in Canada.

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Bernick has been bless with five sons and one daughter, namely: Fritz, who is an
electrical engineer in the employ of the Ames Electric Company at Ames, Iowa; Emanuel H., who is in Downey, this state; and Benjamin H., Henry H., Charlie and Lulu M., all at home.

Mr. Bernick is a democrat and takes an active interest in public affairs. In 1906 he was elected justice of the peace, while for the past ten years he has served as township trustee and school director. He is also a stockholder in the Blue Grass Savings Bank. His life has been one of continuous activity, in which has been accorded due recognition of labor, and today he is numbered among the substantial citizens of Scott county. His interests are thoroughly identified with those of his county. His life has been one of continuous activity, in which has been accorded due recognition of labor, and today he is numbered among the substantial citizens of Scott county. His interests are thoroughly identified with those of his county and at all times he is ready to lend his aid and cooperation to any movement calculated to benefit this section of the county or advance its wonderful development.

History of Davenport and Scott County, Volume 2 by Harry E. Downer
S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago IL 1910
Originally transcribed for the Scott Co IAGenWeb Project by Elaine Rathmann-used by permission

BERSIE, MRS. ANNA C. (nee WRIGHT), Sec. 24; P.O. Buffalo, Scott Co., Iowa; was born in Montgomery Co., Ky., Feb 5, 1824; removed thence, with her parents, to Indiana, while very young; remained nine years; removed thence to Illinois, and, in 1836, came to Iowa, locating in what is now Muscatine Co.; her parents were natives of North Carolina and South Carolina; both lived in Iowa until the time of their death.  In 1853, she married Mr. P. Bersie, who came to this State five or six years previous; he was a native of New Yor; born April 4, 1812; they had five children--Eli A., Parthena (now the wife of Mr. R.E. Bailey), Annette, (now Mrs. Reynolds), Ella A. and Ida May.  Mr. B. died Feb. 9, 1874.  Mrs. B's parents had laid claim to a large tract of land prior to the land sales in the State, and when it was opened up for settlement, pre-empted it.  Mr. B. was formerly a Whig; at the organization of the Republican party, joined it.  By industry and frugality, Mr. B. gained a competence for his family.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BETTS, E. H., of the firm of Betts Bros., publishers of the Daily and Weekly Tribune, Muscatine; born in Beloit, Wis., May 24, 1849; when only 8 years of age, he removed to  Chicago, where he lived until he came to Muscatine, in 1865; in 1868, he entered the Journal offices and commenced learning the printing business; he remained there three years; on account of his health, he took a sea-voyage and went to China, around the Cape of Good Hope; after remaining abroad for one year, he returned; in 1873, he and his brother and Mr. Van Horn published the Weekly Tribune; the following year, in the spring of 1874, they started the daily edition; in 1877, he and his brother purchased the entire interest, and now own and conduct the paper.  Mr. Betts was united in marriage to Miss Rita Stewart, daughter of Wm. H. Stewart, Esq., of Muscatine, April 29, 1875; they have two children---Anna and Willie.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BETTS, W.C., of the firm of Betts Brothers, publishers of the Daily and Weekly Tribune; was born in Beloit, Wis., Aug. 30 1853; when only 3 years of age, his parents removed to Chicago, and when 11 years of age, came with his parents to Muscatine, in 1865; he was brought up here and learned the printing business; he afterward, with his brother, took a sea voyage and went to China; in 1873, with his brother and Mr. Van Horn, began publishing the Muscatine Tribune.  In 1877, he and his brother bought the interest of Mr. Van Horn, and since then have owned it.  He married Miss Minnie Reynold, from this city, in August, 1775; they have two children--Charles and Nellie.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BIRD, C. S., far., Sec. 33; P. O. Muscatine; was born in Bath Co., Va., Jan. 27, 1842; in 1844, his parents emigrated to Illinois; in 1868, Mr. B. located in Muscatine Co. In 1862, he married Miss Marietta Foster, in McHenry Co., Ill.; they have two children, Julia May and Marietta. March 11, 1879, Mrs. B. was taken from her family to the land of bliss and eternal sunshine. Mr. B. is a farmer. He enlisted in the Eighth Ill. Cav., Co. H; served three years. Is a Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BIRKETT, Thomis, farmer, Sec. 17; P. O. West Liberty; was born in Lancashire, England, in 1829, where he received a good education; in 1850, he set sail for the United States; stopped in New Jersey ; remained two years; emigrated to      California in the spring of 1852; there successfully engaged in mining until the fall of 1855, when he returned to New Jersey, and married Miss Lucy Hargraves, a native of that State, and in the spring od 1856, sought a permanent home in Iowa. They had two children-- Lucy M. (now Mrs. Nichols ) and Charles E.  Mrs. B. died April 1, 1859, leaving a devoted husband and two small children to mourn their loss. In 1861, Mr. B. married Miss Susie Hargraves; they have six children--- Lilla, Edith, Bertha, Vincent H., Lindley T., and Fred. Mrs. B. is a consistent member of the Methodist Church. Mr. B. has held several offices of trust and responsibility in the county, and for the last five years has been County Commissioner. Was a Whig; now a Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BLACK, ARTHUR, farmer, Sec. 3; P.O. Atalissa; owns 320 acres of land, valued at $50 per acre; born Dec. 11, 1805, in Boone Co., Ky.; in the spring of 1850, came to Muscatine Co. and purchased a part of the farm he stillowns, and, by hard labor, economy and perserverance, has accumulated a handsome property, which will enable him to pass the decline of life in comparative ease.  Married Miss Adaline Wells, of Cedar Co., Jan. 18, 1853; she was born Oct. 55, 1821, in Loudoun Co., Va., parents coming to Knox Co., (hio, in 1834, and to Cedar Co. in 1850; have three children living--James, born May 24, 1855; George W. born Jan 30, 1859,  Maggie J., born Oct 3, 1861, and an adopted daughter, Anna Larue, born May 14, 1867; lost one son--Marcellus A., born Oct. 30, 1853.  Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 Goshen Twp p. 683

BLACK, Robert C., far.; P. O. Nichols; stock-raising a specialty; owns about one hundred head of cattle; his wife owns 640 acres of land, valued at $25 per acre; son of Benjamin and Francis Black; was born April 20, 1841, in Boone Co., Ky.; came with his parents to this county in the fall of 1852; located near West Liberty. Married Miss Mary M. Johns, of this township, Jan. 9, 1873; she was born Sept. 8, 1848, in this county; have one son--Benjamin H., born July 23, 1874.  Members of the Presbyterian Church; Independent.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 Pike Twp

BLANCHARD, Henry; farmer and dealer in stock, Summit Ridge, Sec. 1; was born in Orleans Co., N. Y., Nov. 7, 1836. In 1838, his parents, Hinens and Mary Blanchard, nee, St. John, came West, and settled in Muscatine. In 1859, Mr. Blanchard married Miss Mary V. Connor, a native of Orange Co., N. Y.  They have two children--Frank and Bessie. Is a Republican;  owns 160 acres of land, is extensively engaged in  stock-dealing; is one of the largest dealers in Muscatine County.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BLISS, GEORGE HARRISON  was born May 12, 1840, in Worcester, Mass., of Perrin and Persis A. (Bullard) Bliss. The family came to Chicago in 1854, having been preceded by the father in 1852. He engaged in bridge and railroad building, and died in 1879, being followed by Mrs. Bliss in 1880. In 1858  young Bliss learned telegraphy: and was employed by the Illinois & Mississippi Telegraph Company, at Dixon Ill., in 1859, and at Muscatine, Iowa, in 1860. He was stationed at Aurora, Ill., in 1861, as  operator for the same company and ticket agent for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. In 1862 he returned to Chicago, and served six months in the main office. and some months in the office of the superintendent of the Chicago & North-Western, where he became chief operator in 1863.

Shortly afterward be was appointed superintendent of telegraph for that company; in which position he continued until the spring of 1873. Meanwhile, in conjunction with L. G. Tillotson & Co., of New York City, he established in 1867 the first important manufactory of electrical goods in Chicago, continuing until the fire, after which it was resumed for one year, when Mr. Bliss bought out his partners and merged the business in the stock company, George H. Bliss & Co., capital $40,000. The new enterprise requiring all his time, he resigned his position with the Chicago & North-Western in 1873; and in 1875 his company was embodied in the Western Electric Company, of which he became general agent. In 1877 he disposed of his interest therein, and engaged in the sale of some of Edison's earlier inventions. His health becoming impaired, he was largely occupied in a successful endeavor to restore the same by journeyings to and from Utah and other sections of the Northwest, in 1879 and 1880. In 1881 he became general western agent for the Edison electric light, being the first to introduce that system in the West. In 1882 the Western Edison Light Company was organized, with a capital of $500,000, and he was appointed its general superintendent.

Mr. Bliss was married  December 19, 1865, to Miss Mary M. Gilbert of Worcester, Mass., by whom he has had four children--Grace Ethel in 1869, Julian Perrin in 1872, Gilbert Ames in 1875 and George Edison in 1882.  Mr. and Mrs. Bliss are members of the Plymouth Congregational Church, of which Mr. Bliss is a deacon. tie has been a Mason for about twenty years, and is a Republican in politics. He has been a resident of Hyde Park since September, 1871.


BLIVEN, A. L., far., Sec 7; P.O. Conesville; owns 420 acres of land, valued at $35 per acre; born Sept. 18, 1831, in Allegany Co., N.Y.; in 1836, parents moved to Meigs Co., Ohio, and, in April 1838, came to Louisa Co., Iowa; his father died the following August; his mother again married William Todd in 1841; he (A.L.) lived at home, learning of his step-father the bricklayer's trade; in 1852, engaged as clerk in a dry goods store with Mr. Gore for nearly two years, then worked at his trade, after which he rented the ferry of his step-father, which he operated a couple of years; in the spring of 1861, came to his present farm.  Married Miss Mariam Whelen Aug. 14, 1856; she was born July 17, 1833, in Coshocton Co., Ohiop have two children--William E. and Anna S; lost one infant.  Mr. B. is among the leading farmers of his township; makes a specialty of blooded stock.  Republican.

The History of Muscatine County, Iowa
Western Historical Company, 1879

Of the many prominent and leading old settlers of the state of Nebraska, none is held in higher esteem by his fellowmen than George Bohl. He has spent his entire life in the region since 1868, is a gentleman of wide experience and excellent judgment, and is deservedly popular as a good neighbor and worthy citizen.

Mr. Bohl is a native of Iowa, having been born in Muscatine county, October 23, 1859. His parents, Nicholas and Margaret Bohl, were natives of Germany, where the father followed the occupation of farming  until emigrating to the United States in 1840, meeting the lady who afterwards became his wife, in Marietta,  Ohio. There they spent some little time, and in the spring of 1868 pulled up stakes and pushed on farther west, driving through the country in a covered wagon to Lancaster county, Nebraska.

They located thirteen miles from  Lincoln and fifty-five from Nebraska City, the latter being their nearest market place. During the first days of  their travel in the region, the season being a wet one, making bad roads and delaying them in their journey, they suffered considerable discomfort in camping along the way, and they were indeed glad to complete their trip.

The first year was full of hardships, Mr. Bohl recounting his experience of having fought prairie fires for hours    at a time in order to save their property from utter destruction. Also, in 1873, they suffered greatly through the    grasshopper raids, in which they lost all of their corn from the pests depredations, although saving their small grains, in  which they were more fortunate than many of their neighbors. The blizzards of April, 1873, and October, 1880, caused severe hardship to all, especially so to those who had cattle exposed to the extreme weather as well as  those whose supply of fuel was scant.

In 1903 Mr. Bohl came into Antelope county and purchased three hundred and twenty acres of land, which is located in section four, township twenty-seven, range five, where he now resides, giving his attention principally to the raising of stock and small grains. He has a good dwelling and outbuildings, barns and sheds, surrounded by an abundance of fine shade trees, with an orchard in bearing supplying a large quantity of good  fruit. Mr. Bohl is an experienced stockman, raising from thirty to forty head of cattle each year, also buys and  feeds Jersey Duroc hogs.

Mr. Bohl was joined in matrimony March 31, 1892, to Miss Augusta Wegman, daughter of Henry and Sophia Wegman, and they are the parents of eight children, named as follows: Maggie, Sophy, Edward, Clara,  Elmer, Lydia, Allie and William.

Mr. Bohl is a republican in national and independent in county politics, and with his family worships at the   Methodist Episcopal church. He has made a fine record as a successful, farmer, and by industry, good   management and perseverance has placed himself and family in very comfortable circumstances, is widely    known and universally respected as an honorable citizen.

Source: Compendium of History, Reminiscence and Biography of Nebraska,
Alden Publishing Co, Chicago IL 1912, p 389-390

BOILER, JAMES -- Among the prominent and well-known citizens of Wright Township, Pottawattamie County, we find the name that heads this sketch.  Mr. Boiler has been a resident of this place since 1873.  He was born in Pike County, Ohio, March 26, 1848, son of William and Caroline (Kincaid) Boiler, both natives of Ohio. Grandfather David Boiler was born in Germany.

In 1851 William Boiler and wife moved from Ohio to Iowa and settled in Muscatine County, becoming pioneers of that place.  They made their home in Muscatine County until 1865, when they moved to Marshall County, same State.  After remaining in the latter place three years they returned to Muscatine County.  Then, in 1873, they came to Wright Township. Three years later they moved to Walnut, Iowa, where the father died April 25, 1886, at the age of seventy-six years.  He was a farmer all his life.  In politics he was a Democrat.  His widow, now sixty-eight years of age, resides at Walnut.

On a frontier farm in Muscatine County James Boiler grew to manhood.  He was educated in the pioneer schools, and early in life was taught that industry, economy and honesty were necessary elements for the foundation of a successful life.  At the age of seventeen he entered upon a three years' apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade, and was afterwards engaged in contracting and building in Marshalltown, Iowa.  In 1873 he came to this township and bought 160 acres of wild prairie land, and was one of the first settlers in his neighborhood.  He has since added to his first purchase until he is now the owner of 320 acres of valuable, well improved land.  He also owns 160 acres which he uses for pasture, and which is located two miles from his home farm.  He has a fine two-story residence, which was enlarged and remodeled in 1884.  It is beautifully located and is surrounded with shade trees, making an attractive place and a comfortable home.  A grove and orchard of five acres are near the house.  He has a large barn, stock scales and other buildings, two modern wind pumps and good fences; in short, this farm is considered one of the best improved ones in the neighborhood.  Mr. Boiler keeps annually from fifty to 150 head of cattle, and from 200 to 300 hogs.

Mr. Boiler was married in Muscatine County, Iowa, January 25, 1876, to Miss Sarah Jane Nolte, a native of Jefferson County, Indiana, daughter of Herman and Sarah (Padgett) Nolte.  She was reared in Indiana, and at the age of sixteen years carne with her parents to Muscatine County, where they now reside.  Mr. and Mrs. Boiler have three children, namely: Orpha Lola, born November 1, 1876; Glen Ira, born May 22, 1878, and Grover Cleveland, born February 2, 1885.

Mr. Boiler is one of the leading Democrats in the eastern part of Pottawattamie County.  In 1885 he was elected County Supervisor and served three years.  During his term of office the Court House was erected, and other important business was transacted.  Mr. Boiler was an efficient and popular officer.  He has also served in township offices, and has acted as Chairman of the Democratic Central Committee.  He is a man well informed on all general topics and current literature, and has broad and progressive views.  He is honorable in all his business dealings, and is regarded as one of the solid men of Pottawattamie County.  His wife is a member of the Baptist Church.

In regard to Mr. Boiler's family history, it should be further stated that of the five sons born to his parents, four are living,: Joseph is a prominent real-estate dealer at Walnut, Iowa.  Benjamin and Cyrus also live at that place, the latter being a contractor and builder.  Wesley Boiler, next to the eldest, lives in Muscatine County, Iowa.  Besides the above there was one sister.

Source:  The Biographical History of Pottawattamie County, Iowa

BOOTH, Robert, farmer, Sec. 2; P. O. Atalissa; son of John and Eliza Booth; born March 6, 1837, in Harrison Co., Ohio; his mother died when he was about 4 years old, He enlisted in August, 1862, in Co. C, of the 98th O. V. I.; participated in the battle of Perryville, Ky., Chickamauga, Kenesaw Mountain,  Reseca, Peachtree Creek, Big Shanty, siege of Atlanta, Jonesboro, Ga., siege of Savannah and Columbia, S. C.,  Averysborough and Bentonville, N. C.; was discharged at Cleveland, Ohio, June 10, 1865, and the July following came to Muscatine Co., his father having moved here in March previous; his father died March 11, 1872, leaving himself, sister and brother in Kansas to mourn his loss. Owns 170 acres of land, valued at $40 per acre, and his sister, who keeps house for him, owns eighty acres, it all being the home farm.  Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BOSTEN, J. J., dealer in dry goods and general merchandise, Nichols; born Aug. 30, 1843, in Prussia; in the spring of 1852,emigrated to the United States, stopping a short time at Erie, Penn, then came to Clinton Co., Ill.; in the spring 1855, came to Muscatine, where he first engaged in a saw-mill about a year, then painting for a short time; afterward, in mercantile business with Rothschild & Bro. till the summer of 1862. He enlisted in Co. C of the 35th I. V. I.; was a participant at the capture of Vicksburg, and most of the battles in that vicinity; was also with                Gen. Banks' expedition up Red River, and at the battles of Clear Lake, Ark., Nashville, Tenn., and the second battle of Tupelo, Miss.; was mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, in August, 1865.  Returned to Muscatine and engaged with Rothschild & Bro. again; in the fall of 1872, came to Nichols and established his present business. Married Mary E. Stingle in September, 1865; she was born in 1843, in Pennsylvania; have four children--Emma J., Harry, James and May; lost two--Clara and Della. Member of the Catholic Church; Independent.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 Pike Twp

BOWERS, WILLIAM J., foreman of the iron-molding department of the Muscatine Iron Works; Mr. Bowers was born in St. Louis, Mo., in the year 1846; remained in St. Louis until 1857, in which year he came to Muscatine and engaged  to learn the iron-molding trade.  During the war of the rebellion, he served in Co. E. 33rd I.V.I.; was enrolled at Davenport Feb 22, 1863, and honorably discharged at the close of the war; his regiment was engaged in the battles of Little Rock, Helena, Saline River, Spanish Fort and Yazoo Pass.  After his discharge from the service, Mr. B. returned to Muscatine, remaining until 1872, when he went to Detroit, Mich., thence to Urbana, Ill., in 1873; in the fall of the latter year, he went to La Fayette, Ind., and took charge of the Wabash Foundry at that place; he returned to Muscatine in June, 1878, and took charge of the molding department of the Muscatine Iron Works.  He is a member of the Catholic Church; Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, Chicago, IL 1879

BOYLE, PETER A., a Harvard man whose liberal educational advantages well qualified him for a successful professional career, continued in the practice of law in Davenport for a number of years and is now giving his attention to the supervision of important property interests. He was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on the 11th of October, 1847, and is a son of John R. and Mary J. (Copely) Boyle. His parents were natives of county Kilkenny, Ireland, but were of English descent.  The father's birth occurred May 15, 1815, and the mother was born on the 12th of March, 1812.

John R. Boyle came to the United States in 1839 and settled in New England, where he conducted an extensive
business as a contractor and builder of canals and railroads. He was married in New York City in 1842 and in 1850 came to the middle west, where he was engaged in the building of the Michigan southern Railroad. Two years later the family came to the west to Ottawa, Illinois. In 1854 they removed to Muscatine, Iowa, coming thence to Scott county in 1865. The father assisted in building many of the western railroads, including the Union Pacific and others. After taking up his abode in Scott county he purchased land in Davenport township and settled upon a farm, hi remaining days being given to general agricultural pursuits. His life was one of untiring business activity and his strong purpose enabled him to carry forward to successful completion whatever he undertook. He died September 16, 1895, while his wife survived until the 16th of May, 1902. They were the parents of two children: C. R. Boyle, who is now living in New York city; and Peter A., of this review.

Peter A. Boyle spent the first five years of his life in New Haven, Connecticut, and afterward attended school in different places as his parents removed from one point to another, the father's business calling him to different localities. At length he was graduated from Griswold College in the class of 1870 and with broad general information to serve as the foundation upon which to rear the superstructure of professional learning, he took up the study of law in Harvard University, from which he was graduated with the class of 1872. He then returned to Davenport and entered upon active connection with the profession as a law clerk in the office of Davison & Lane, formerly well known attorneys of this city. After ten years devoted to the practice of law, he turned his attention to his property interest, which now claim his attention.

On the 5th of June, 1884, Mr. Boyle was united in marriage to Miss Jessie A. Boyle, of Birmingham, Alabama, and unto them were born two children: Mary Lee, who died in 1898; and John R., who is now a high school  pupil. The parents are members of the Episcopal church and are prominent socially in the city, theirs being one of the attractive and hospitable homes of wealth and culture. Mr. Boyle belongs to the Commercial Club and has other social relations, being usually seen where the most intelligent men of the city gather.

From "History of Davenport and Scott County" Vol. II by Harry E. Downer-S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago.1910
Transcribed by Elaine Rathmann of the Scott Co IAGenWeb Project-used by permission

BRAND, Samuel,  far. Sec. 32; P. O. West Liberty; son of Samuel and Catharine Brand; owns 450 acres of land valued at $40 per acre; born Sept. 1, 1822, in Franklin Co., Penn.; in early life, he learned the blacksmith's trade, and in 1843 came to Pittsburgh, Penn.; where he worked at his trade till February, 1849; he started for California shipping from Baltimore, via Rio Janeiro and Valparaiso, South America, stopping at each of those places for about a month, after which they went on around Cape Horn and to San Francisco, where he arrived Sept. 11, 1849; in the winter of 1851, returned via Iowa and entered the land upon which he now lives; in the spring of 1852, returned to California, via Panama, remaining till May, 1853; returned home, and the fall following, came to Iowa, built a house on his land and returned to Pennsylvania, where, on the 28th day of November, 1854, he was married ro Charlotte Hambright; daughter of William and Anna M. Hambright; she was born Feb. 4, 1830, in same county, Pennsylvania; they then came to Iowa and settled on their farm; have five children living--- Mary F.,Carrie I., Edgar, Cora, and Stella; lost one--- John. Daughter Mary F. was married to Chester Phillips Feb. 19, 1878. Mr. Brand attended the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia in 1876. Member of the Presbyterian Church; Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, Chicago, IL 1879

BRADLEY, G. S., Superintendent of Public Schools and Principal of high schools; residence, Fifth street, Wilton; was born in Canterbury, N. H., May 28, 1830; attended the district schools, and at the age of 17, entered the New Hampshire Conference Seminary, located at Fulton, and with two terms at Gilman Academy; at the age of 20, he came to Michigan, where he soon became connected with the Michigan Central College, located at Spring Arbor, Jackson Co. (now known as Hillsdale College), the latter part of the fourth year, then being engaged as teacher; after two years at Oberlin College, he was elected Tutor at Hillsdale College; was the first Tutor of that institution; remained there for two years and two terms. Dec. 12, 1858, married Miss S. Ann Weaver, daughter of William Weaver, of Somerset, Mich.; she was born in Niagara Co., N. Y., May 19, 1834, and brought by her parents to Michigan, when only 1 year of age; taking part in her husband's profession from the date of their marriage, they soon after removed to Parsonsfield, Me., where he became Principal and she Preceptress of the seminary, and there remained for two years, thence to Racine,  Wis., where he became Pastor of the Free-Will Baptist Church, and remained for three years; spring of 1864, became Chaplain of the 22d Wis. Inf., and remained until the close of the war, the regiment taking the round with Sherman; after having had charge of the church at Racine again for two years, in the spring of 1867, he organized a seminary at Rochester, in the same county, where he and Mrs. Bradley presided for two years, Mr. B. having the pastorship of two churches at the same time; they then removed to Evansville, Ind., where they had charge of the seminary for nearly six years, during which Mr. Bradley continued preaching at different points, at a distance of fifteen miles. During the last year at Evansville, Mr. B. was editor and proprietor of the Evansville Journal; having, while at Racine, been one of the promoters and earnest workers on the Christian Freeman, a paper published at Chicago; soon after the close of the war, he published a work, entitled; "History of the Star Corps," being a work of 300 pages on the 20th Army Corps; in August, 1875, they removed to Wilton, where they, for two years, were Principal and Preceptress of the Collegiate Institute, since which he has filled the position he now occupies.

Source: The History of Muscatine County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, Chicago, IL 1879, Wilton Twp

BRECKON, William J.,  farmer, Sec. 8; P. O. Wilton; born in Yorkshire, Eng., March, 1829; when 14 years of age, his parents emigrated to America and settled at Jacksonville, Ill., where his father, a wheelwright, worked at his trade until his death the year following; at the age of 16, William apprenticed himself to a harness-maker of that city, with whom he served three years,  after which he worked at journeywork until coming to Iowa.   March, 1855, he married Frances, daughter of John and Frances Willis, natives of Lancaster Co., Penn., where she was born March 15, 1842. August 23, 1861, he enlisted in Co. K, 1st  Mo. C., in which he participated at Pea Ridge, Springfield, Custer's celebrated march, and numerous skirmishes; was  mustered out at St. Louis Aug. 23, 1864; July, 1865, they came to Muscatine, where he worked at his trade for two years;  thence to his present place of residence, where he owns eighty acres of land, valued at $50 per acre; they have five children---Catharine F., born June 26, 1857; Charles L., Sept. 16, 1858; William J., Jr., Dec. 10, 1865; Charlotte W., June 19, 1867 and Susan L., Sept 23, 1873. Members for thirty years of the M. E. Church, in which he held various offices; was a member of the I. O. O. F. at Jacksonville, Ill., having joined in  1854, and was one of the charter members of the Sons of Temperance.

Source: The History of Muscatine County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, Chicago, IL 1879, Wilton Twp

BREWSTER,  Harriet, retired; residence, Sixth street, Wilton; daughter of Jabes Hamlin and Charlotte Norton, natives of Litchfield Co., Conn., where she was born Dec. 9, 1802; while still in her infancy, the parents of Mrs. B. removed to Oneida Co., N. Y., where she lived until in her 16th year, when her parents came West, settling in Washington Co., Ohio, then  Wooster Tp., where May 19, 1822, she married William Brewster, who was born in Norwich City, Conn., Aug. 21, 1787; they settled on the Ohio River, at Warren, Ohio, where they continued to reside until 1825, when they removed to McConnelsville, Morgan Co., Ohio, and remained until coming to Iowa in 1855; Mr. Brewster was engaged in the banking business until his death, April 5, 1861; he left two children---Sarah B., a daughter by a former wife, is a resident of  Norwich, Ct., and the wife of George Cook, and William C., now a resident of Davenport. Mrs. B. was in early life, a member of the Presbyterian Church, but for fifty-four years has belonged to the M. E. Church.

Source: The History of Muscatine County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, Chicago, IL 1879, Wilton Twp

BROCKWAY, Albert J., far., Sec 4; P.O. Conesville; son of James M. and Lydia Brockway, born Sept 18, 1830, in Jefferson Co., Penn.; in the spring of 1842, parents emigrated to Muscatine Co., Iowa, locating in this township, then called Cedar;  Muscatine was the nearest post office--15 miles;  Mr. B. engaged in the lumbering business during the years 1847-48, in what is now Jackson Co., Wis.  Married Miss Mary Nichols, daughter of Samuel Nichols, Dec. 6, 1866; she was born in 1835 and died March 19, 1861; was again married to Elizabeth Nichols, cousin to his first wife, June 4, 1862; she was born in 1841 in Iowa; his children by his first wife are Ida O. and Merton W.; by second wife, Alice M., Lydia, Mary E., Grace and Marcus L.; lost three infants.  Mr. B. purchased his home farm from the Government in 1850; he now owns a little over 700 acres of land, valued at $25 per acre.  Members Reformed Church; Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, Chicago, IL 1879

BROCKWAY, E. A., farmer, Sec. 4; P.O. Conesville; son of James M. and Lydia Brockway; born May 11, 1836 in Jefferson Co., Penn.; with parents emigrated to Muscatine Co., Iowa, in the spring of 1842; located in this township, then called Cedar; spent part of 1858, 1859 and 1860 in the pineries of Jackson Co., Wis.; in the fall and winter of 1860 and 1861, attended school at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa.  Enlisted in Co. B, of the 35th I.V.I., Aug. 13, 1961; participated in the battle at Jackson, Miss.,  siege of Vicksburg, in the charge of the 22d of May, 1863, the siege of Jackson, routing of Joe Johnston and capture of several hundred men; was also with Banks in his Red River expedition, at the battle of Henderson Hill, Pleasant Hill and Yellow Bayou and Monsouri, La;  Tupelo, Tenn.; with Gen. Steele in Arkansas; at Nashville, Tenn.; and at the siege of Mobile, Ala.; mustered out Aug. 10, 1865, at Davenport, Iowa;  in the winter of 1866-67, operated in the Wisconsin pineries again.  Married Miss Jane Davison, of this county, Dec. 29, 1869; she was born April 10, 1850, in Illinois; have three children--Rhoda E., Helen M.,  and Lillian; lost one infant.  Mr. B. owns 300 acres of land, valued at $30 per acre.  Greenbacker.

Source: The History of Muscatine County, Iowa, Western Historical Company, 1879

BROCKWAY, EUSTACE L., a prominent pioneer lumberman of Brockway Township, Jackson County, was born in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, January 20, 1826, the son of James M. Brockway, who was born in Greenbush, New York, July 15, 1797.  In 1816 the latter went to Pennsylvania, where he engaged in farming until 1822, when he went into the mill business. In 1836 he sold the mill, and in 1842 went to Muscatine county, Iowa, where he was engaged in farming until his death, which occurred in his seventy-fifth year. During his later life he was a Republican, and held several offices. He was a member of the Methodist Chruch.   Our subject’s mother, Lydia (Goff) Brockway, was born near Ogdensburg, New York, in 1804, and died in Muscatine County, Iowa, at the age of forty-nine. She was a daughter of William P. Goff, a native of New York, and a farmer and surveyor by  occupation. Mr. and Mrs. Brockway had eight children, namely: Emira, Eustace L., Adis E., Emmett, Albert J., Edwin, Albina M. and George. The last two are deceased.

The subject of this sketch, the second child, was reared and educated in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania. In 1843 he engaged in  bridge-building and carpenter work in different parts of Iowa. In 1845 he came to Jackson County, Wisconsin Territory, then called Crawford County, and engaged in the lumber business; in 1847-’48 he cut timber for a saw-mill; and in May, 1850, built an addition and put in the first circular saw-mill on the Mississippi above Rock Island, Illinois. He has resided in the town of Albion (now  Brockway) since 1845,--forty-six years.

As an interesting reminiscence we may relate that Mr. Brockway in 1866, late in the fall, went down the Mississippi, with two fleets of sawed lumber, but failed to sell it until all the steamboats had made their last trips. He purchased a stern-wheeler named the Skipper, of 150 tons’ burden of $3,000, loaded it with his crew of sixty men and winter’s supplies and started up the river, but was compelled to stop at Muscatine, December 8, on account of floating ice and winter storms. Shipping his men and a portion of the winter’s supplies by rail by way of Chicago and Milwaukee to the terminus of the road, he came directly home by team, at an expense of $15.

He owned and ran his steamboat on the Mississippi, Des Moines, Chippewa and St. Croix rivers until the autumn of 1868, when it sank in the Chippewa River. During the ensuing winter he built the steamer Chippewa Valley, at Eau Claire, in company with Captain George A. Buffington,--a boat of 185 tons,--and retained an interest in it while it was run, on the Mississippi and its northern tributaries, until the second year of the war, when he sold his interest in it. It was taken South and soon afterward sunk in the Arkansas River above Little Rock. Since his residence in Jackson County, Mr. Brockway has also built and owned four different saw-mills in this part of Wisconsin.

In 1871-’72 he was one of the Representatives in the Legislature from his district, then Jackson and Clark counties. He is now holding the office of County Surveyor. Politically he is a Republican.

Mr. Brockway was married, October 18, 1849, to Miss Sarah Rriggs, who was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, January 28, 1832, the daughter of David and Katherine (Hendricks) Riggs, the former a native of New York, and the latter of Pennsylvania, but both emigrated to Ohio in early life. The father was farmer by occupation, and held several township offices. Mr. and Mrs. Brockway  have had seven children, viz: Melvin F., Ada M., Mary E., Albert M.,
LaFayette J., Fred R., and Judson W., all of whom are living.

The history of the Brockway family is as follows: In the early days in the history of the country seven brothers by the name of Brockway settled in Connecticut. They came from England, and it is thought that most of the men now in the country by that name are descendants of these. Our subject’s grandmother Brockway was a direct descendant of Captain Miles Standish, who came over  on the Mayflower in 1620. The lineal descent of his mother’s father, William Potter Goff, was a general in the English army under Oliver Cromwell, and was one of the judges who, appointed by Parliament for that purpose in 1649, tried, convicted and sentenced to execution King Charles I, for tyranny and treason. Goff fled from England to this country in 1660, to escape the fate of the beheaded king, at the hands of Charles II, who had just gained accession to the throne. Here he had to remain in concealment for several years. A peculiar coincidence in the Brockway family is the fact that E. L. Brockway has five boys and two girls, and he himself one of a family of five boys and two girls, as was also his father.

Mr. Brockway, our subject, is one of the very early settlers here, and was at one time quite wealthy. He is now a very popular man in the county.

SOURCE: 1891 History of Clark & Jackson Co., WI   pg. 172-174

BROOKER, Edwin W.,  far., Sec. 27; P. O. Atalissa; son of James and Sophia Brooker; born April 13, 1839, in Cincinnati, Ohio; came with parents to this county in the fall of 1851, and located in this township; his father died Oct.12, 1851, and his mother July 14, 1861. He enlisted in Co.G of 35th I. V. I.,  Aug.11, 1862; participated in all the battles the regiment was in, the principal ones being the siege of Vicksburg, Jackson, Tupelo, Nashville, Yellow Bayou, and at the capture of Mobile and Spanish Fort; discharged at Davenport Aug. 10, 1865. Married Clara Pickering, April 23, 1868; she was born in Belmont Co., Ohio, Feb. 26, 1844; parents came to Cedar Co. in the fall of 1864; have three children---Cora, Frank E., and John E. Members of the M. E. Church; Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BROOKHART, PETER, farmer, Sec. 11; born in Perry Co., Ohio, in 1845; his parents, Henry and Matilda Brookhart, came to Muscatine Co.  in 1860, and located on the farm where their son now lives; they now reside in Lettsville, Louisa Co.  Peter Brookhart married in 1869 Martha Fry, a native of Pennsylvania; born in 1851; her parents, Henry and Mary Fry, now reside in Seventy-Six Tp.; Mr. and Mrs. B. have three children--Myrtie, born in 1871, Joseph R. born in 1873, and Henry H., in 1878; they lost one child--- Chester, in infancy.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Cedar Twp.

BROOKS, Henry, farmer, Sec. 7; P.O. Brush Creek; born in Canada Sept 7, 1833; came to this county in spring of 1856; has 400 acres of land, valued at $8,000. Politics, Greenbacker.  He married Phoebe Corless; born in Branch Co. Mich., Dec. 29, 1846; four children living--Levi C., born May 2, 1869; Fred H., Oct. 16, 1870; Bennie H., Jan 6, 1873, George W. March 27, 1877.  Emigrated to Muscatine Co., Iowa in 1838; lived there eighteen years then came to Fayette Co.  Mr. B. was one of the first settlers in the State of Iowa.

Source:  The History of Fayette County, Iowa

BROOMHALL, Allen, attorney and counselor at law, Muscatine; is a native of Belmont Co., Ohio; born May 26, 1824.  His father settled in Ohio with his parents, in 1808, where he married Rebecca Bond, and died in 1857, leaving four orphan children.  Allen attended the common schools and afterwards took a course in the Classical Institute at Barnesville, Belmont Co., Ohio.  He removed to Iowa in 1856, and settled in West Liberty, where he purchased and improved several farms; in 1857, he removed to Atalissa and engaged in the lumber business and other enterprises; he was also agent of the Rock Island & Pacific Railroad for five years.  He commenced the study of law, pursued his studies under the direction of Hon. J. Karskadden, of Muscatine, and was admitted to the bar in 1861; he afterward attended the Cincinnati Law School, and graduated there in the spring of 1866 with the honorary degree of LL. B.  He was associated with Hon. D.C. Cloud in the practice of law for nine years.  In 1875, he formed a law partnership with Hon. J. Scott Richman, which continued until February, 1877.  Mr. Broomhall has always been an earnest advocate of popular education, with better school facilities and a higher standard of scholarship.  He had for several years agitated the question of the erection of a new high school building in Muscatine, and upon this issue he was elected President of the Board of Education in 1873, a position he has since retained.  Few men are as deeply interested in educational matters, and he is among the best and most popular school officers in the State.  He is a member of the Masonic Order, was Worshipful Master of a Blue Lodge for five years; is a member of the Royal Arch Chapter; a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, and was the first presiding officer of Muscatine Lodge, No. 99, of this Order.  He married Miss Harriet Fowler, of Barnesville, Ohio, June 27, 1857.  She died September 17, 1876, leaving three daughters---Ella, Elizabeth and Mary Rebecca; the eldest is a graduate of the high school and is preparing to complete her education at the Iowa State University; the second daughter is attending the high school, and the other preparing to enter it.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BROWN, A.A., far., Sec 28, P.O. Stockton; was born in Clarion Co., Ohio, April 26, 1844; came to Scott Co., Iowa, with his parents in 1853, thence to Wisconsin; removed to Muscatine Co. in 1856.  He married in 1867 Miss M.M. Rider, a native of Ohio, born in 1845; they have three children---Carrie E., Belle M., and one unnamed.  Mr. Brown has been three times elected Township Clerk; he owns eighty acres of a fine farm.  Members of the Presbyterian Church; Republican.BROWN, A.A., far., Sec 28, P.O. Stockton; was born in Clarion Co., Ohio, April 26, 1844; came to Scott Co., Iowa, with his parents in 1853, thence to Wisconsin; removed to Muscatine Co. in 1856.  He married in 1867 Miss M.M. Rider, a native of Ohio, born in 1845; they have three children---Carrie E., Belle M., and one unnamed.  Mr. Brown has been three times elected Township Clerk; he owns eighty acres of a fine farm.  Members of the Presbyterian Church; Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BROWN, Cassius M., of Sigourney, has seen long service as a member of the bar of Keokuk county. He was born November 9, 1845, on a farm near Mt. Vernon, Ohio. His father was a native of Maryland, where he was born in 1802. He witnessed the march of the British army after the burning of the capitol at Washington during the war of 1812. Removing to Ohio in 1830, he located on a farm near Mt. Vernon and engaged in farming until 1870, when he came to Iowa, and Keokuk county in 1872,  and there passed the remainder of his life, his death occurring in 1890. The mother was a Virginian by  birth. Her maiden name was Ann Holland. She died on the farm near Sigourney in 1884 at the ripe age of 70 years. The father was of Welsh descent, while the mother was of German. The subject of our sketch attended the district schools in his neighborhood, the high school at Mt. Vernon and entered the preparatory department of Kenyon college at Gambier, Ohio. He taught several terms of district school, but was not financially able to complete his college course, which was a great disappointment to him.

In 1868 he removed to Muscatine, Iowa, where for one year he was associated with his older brother, Thomas Brown, in teaching in the Muscatine academy. His older brother had graduated from Kenyon college in 1861 and had engaged in teaching in Muscatine, Iowa, where he is now successfully engaged in the practice of law.  Before leaving Ohio, Cassius had resolved to study law and had been reading under the direction of W. C. Cooper, the colonel of his regiment. Upon his removal to Iowa, he entered the office of Thomas Hanner, of Muscatine, where he pursued his studies while teaching in the academy and public schools  of Muscatine county. He graduated from the law department of the State university in 1871 and at once opened an office in Sigourney, and has remained a member of the bar of Keokuk county since. He was at one time in partnership with Judge Ben McCoy, and from 1878 until 1892 was associated with the late Judge E. S. Sampson.

He was elected state senator in 1882 and served one term, this being the only political office held by him, but he has been an active participant in every campaign. He was candidate from Keokuk county at the judicial convention in June, 1898, for judge of the Sixth judicial district, but failed to secure the nomination. He is and always has been a republican. He enlisted in 1863 in the Ohio National Guards, and in the United States service in 1864, being a private in Company A, One Hundred and Forty-second Ohio infantry. He is a member of Robert F. Lowe post, G. A. R., past noble grand in the I. O. O. F., of which order he has been a member since 1873. He is a member of the Presbyterian  church. He was married June 18, 1874, to Miss Flora Sampson, eldest daughter of Judge E. S. Sampson. They have four children, Eunice A., who is a graduate of Sigourney high school, and attended Penn college one year, and now teaching in the public schools of Keokuk county; Roy C.,  who graduated from the high school of Sigourney and now teaching in the public schools of Keokuk county and pursuing the study of law in his father's office; Millie E., who is attending the high school of  Sigourney, and Helen, the baby of the family.

Source:  Biographies and Portraits of the Progressive Men of Iowa. Gue, B.F. Des Moines: Conaway & Shaw Publishers, 1899, p  233

BROWN, Edward,  far., S. 5; P. O. West Liberty; owns 456 acres of land, valued at $30 per acre; born Nov. 12, 1818, in Scotland; came to Muscatine Co., Iowa, locating on the land upon which he still resides. Married Agnes Smith Oct. 16, 1845; she was born July 26, 1824, in Scotland; have nine children living--Mary A., Barbara, Catharine, Ella, Margaret J., Elizabeth, Edward J., Martha A. and David W.; lost three--Isabella J., John S. and Martha M. Mr. B. is among the best farmers of his township; has served his township; has served his township as Trustee several years. Member of the Presbyterian Church;  Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Pike Twp.

BROWN, N.J., farmer, Sec. 1; P.O. Dallas Center; born in Indiana in 1837, and in 1838 removed with his parents to Muscatine county, this State, where he remained 40 years, coming to this county in 1878; owns 160 acres of land; he married Miss Vesta C. Ferry in 1862; she was born in Burlington, Iowa; has eight children: Harvey W., Hubert C., Matthew O., Adrian W., Bertha L., George E., Flavia M., Elsie S.

From "History of Dallas County Iowa" published 1879 Des Moines Ia by Union Historical Company

BROWN, ORLANDO C., col. of the 1st Iowa reg. vol.; son of Capt. Geo. B., of Perch river, Jeff. co.,  N.Y.; emigrated to Muscatine, Iowa, about 1857; was engaged in merchandise, and was killed at the battle near Springfield, Mo, Aug. 10., 1861.

Source:  American Biographical Notes,  The Chicago Historical Society  page 48

BROWN, THOMAS M., farmer, Sec. 34; P.O. Letts; born in Indiana in 1832; his parents, Matthew and Julia F. Brown, came to Muscatine in 1838, and settled in Cedar Tp; his father had been engaged in surveying Government land in this part of the State for several years previous to that time; he died in June, 1842; his mother is still living and resides with Thomas.  He married in 1856, Sophia Ferry, a native of the State of New York; has six children--Horace, Myra, Julia, Hugh, Vesta and an infant.  Mr. Brown enlisted in 1862 in the 35th I.V.I.; was First Sergeant of his company; served over three years; was at the siege of Vicksburg, battle of Nashville, etc.; was in Banks' Red Rive expedition; was wounded at the battle of Mobile, from the effects of which he still suffers.  His farm contains 240 acres.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Cedar Twp.
Note: Thomas M. "Tobe" Brown was also known as one of the best fiddle players in the Muscatine Louisa Co area.


One of the enterprising farmers of Buffalo township is John H. Brus, who was born in Muscatine county, Iowa, and is a son of Rudolph and Adelheid (Bockhorst) Brus. The father was born in Holland, July 19, 1838, and at the age of eight, in 1846, he came with his parents to this country. Like so many of their compatriots the family landed at New Orleans, thence made their way by boat up the Mississippi river to St. Louis, where they disembarked and spent six months, so that it was not until the spring of 1847 that they reached Scott county. Here in Blue Grass township, Theodore Brus, the paternal grandfather, bought a farm, which has remained in the possession of his descendants to the present and is the home of a grandson Theodore and his mother. On that place Rudolph Brus grew to young manhood, witnessing and participating in the development of the county, which was rapidly progressing during those years. In 1864, in Davenport he wedded Miss Adelheid Bockhorst, who was born in Prussia, Germany, in 1843, and is a daughter of Henry Bockhorst, who had come to this country and taken up his residence in Scott county, Iowa. In 1874 Mr. Brus purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land upon the line between Blue Grass and Hickory Grove townships. That farm remained his home
throughout the rest of his life and is now the residence of his widow and their two sons, Frank and Bernard, and their daughter. Rudolph Brus died in 1892, and with his demise, Blue Grass township lost one of its valued citizens and successful agriculturists.

John H. Brus was reared upon the farm his father had bought. He was enrolled as a pupil in the public schools of his district, although no more time than was necessary was devoted to the preparation of lessons, for there was always labor to be accomplished around the home. He lived with his family, operating the place after the death of his father until 1900, when, having married, he was desirous of establishing a home of his own. Accordingly he went to Hickory Grove township, where he rented property, and then, after two years' experience, came to Buffalo township, where he purchased the fine farm he and his wife own and which has been their home since. He has cultivated the soil with skill and profit and is rapidly rising to a position among the men engaged in a similar occupation.

It was in 1900 that Mr. Brus was united in marriage to Miss Lena Brus, a daughter of Jacob Brus, from whom the young couple acquired their home. They have become the parents of five children, namely: Adeline, Raymond, Velma, Walter and Marie. Since old enough to exercise the franchise right of an American citizen, Mr. Brus has adhered to the principles of the republican party, and on its ticket was elected to membership on the school board, which he still holds.
While he was still a resident of Blue Grass township he was also identified with public interests, for then he served as road supervisor. A member of the Catholic faith, he belongs to the congregation of St. Joseph's in the city of Davenport. Having fulfilled the public trust imposed upon him with credit to himself and the satisfaction of his fellow citizens, Mr. Brus enjoys the respect of those associated with him in occupation, while the success which has come to him has won their admiration.

History of Davenport and Scott County, Volume 2 by Harry E. Downer
S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. Chicago IL 1910
Originally transcribed for the Scott Co IAGenWeb Project by Elaine Rathmann-used by permission

BUMGARDNER, JACOB, farmer, Sec. 13; P.O. Muscatine; born in Bath Co., Va., in 1815; his parents Adam and Mary Bumgardner, were natives of Virginia.  He married in Virginia in 1838 Nancy Lang, who was born in West Virginia.  Removed to Ohio about 1843, and came to Muscatine in the fall of 1854; on April 1, 1855, Mr. B. was appointed Superintendent of County House in Seventy-six Tp., a position which he held for five years; he then purchased a farm in Seventy-six Tp., where he resided until November, 1875; he visited his old home in Virginia in 1875; returned and engaged in the mercantile business at Muscatine; purchased his present farm in 1877, where he located in 1878.  His wife died in Dec., 1874; has had five children---three now living---Sarah M., born 1839; Marion, 1843, and Edward T., 1858; Porter born 1845 and died 1874; the other child, deceased, died in infancy.  Mr. B's farm contains 120 acres.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Cedar Twp.

BUNKER, A.M., far., Sec. 22, P.O. Wolcott, Scott Co., Iowa; born in Clarion Co., Penn., April 18, 1818.  Married Miss Sarah Howe June 30, 1844, a native of Pennsylvania, born June 30, 1832; came to Muscatine in 1858.  In 1867, he purchased his present farm of 240 acres, which he has under good improvements.  Members of the M.E. Church; Mr. Bunker is a Democrat.  They have thirteen children---William, born April 25, 1845; Melville, Oct. 6, 1846; Elizabeth, March 27, 1848; George, Aug. 15, 1849; Nathan, March 12, 1851; Thomas, May 3, 1853; James L., Feb. 21, 1855; Julia R., Feb. 15, 1857; John, Sept. 6, 1858; Francis, Feb. 28, 1862, Andrew, Nov. 14, 1863; Robert E., June 4, 1866; Sarah E., Feb 14, 1870.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879
Contributed by: Susie Martin-Rott

BURGE, James M
Prominent among the honored pioneers and representative citizens of Linn county was James M. Burge, who was actively identified with the development of this region for many years. He was born in Greene county, Pennsylvania, July 5, 1821, and belonged to a family which originated in Hull, Yorkshire, England, and coming to America with Lord Baltimore in early colonial days, settled in Maryland. Some of its members took part in
both the Revolutionary war and the war of 1812.

Jeremiah Burge, the father of our subject, was born in Pennsylvania in 1800, and was a son of William and Priscilla (Long) Burge, also natives of that state. He married Hester Morford, and to them were born seven children, namely: James M., of this review; Fannie, wife of William Waln, of this county; Jeremiah, deceased, who married Sarah Archer; William, who married the widow of his brother Jeremiah and lived in Franklin township, this county; John, who married Harriet Harlis, deceased, and resides near Cedar Rapids; Jane, who married Robert Maxwell, of Cedar county, Iowa, and both are now deceased; and Martha, who married, first, Washington Turner, who was killed in the Civil war, and she is now the widow of Elijah Rundell and resides in Clyde, Nebraska.

During his boyhood James M. Burge was able to attend the country schools only a short time, and his education was mostly acquired by reading and observation in later years. In 1837, at the age of sixteen, he came with his father's family to Muscatine, Iowa, the journey being made by boat down the Ohio and up the Mississippi rivers. After spending two years on a farm at that place, they came to Linn county and took up their
residence in Franklin township. Our subject remained under the parental roof until about 1846, when he entered eighty acres of land on section 21, Franklin township, and purchased the same when it came into mrket. He walked to the land office in Dubuque, starting on Monday morning and reaching home Wednesday afternoon in time to do a portion of a day's work, though he had traveled one hundred and forty miles in that time. His
home was midway between Dubuque and Iowa City, on the old military road, and was the favorite stopping place for all passing that way. No one was ever turned away hungry from his door, and he would charge nothing for the meals and accomodations furnished. Mr. Burge was a very generous, open hearted man, who was always willing to lend a helping hand to friend or stranger, it mattered not. Even his younest son remembers seeing as many as forty-six persons entertained at one meal.

On starting out in life for himself, Mr. Burge became interested in the stock buying business in connection with farming, and bought cattle in three states. He would start out on horse back, going first to Illinois, and working his way into Missouri and Iowa. He marketed much of his stock at Davenport and Muscatine, and was one of the first to ship cattle to the Chicago market after the opening of shipping facilities to that place. He was one of the most prominent cattle men of Iowa in early days, and as he prospered in business he became an extensive land owner, having at one time over fourteen hundred acres of land. He presented each of his children with a farm. Mr. Burge was a man of splendid physique and unusual strength, and when a boy was able to cradle grain with any of the men in the field. In early days he used to raft his wheat down the Cedar and Mississippi rivers to St. Louis and then return home on foot.

In 1844 Mr. Burge was married in this county to Miss Elizabeth McRoberts, a native of Kentucky and a daughter of Michael and Mary (Smith) McRoberts, who were born in Virginia. The McRoberts family came from Scotland to America in the early part of the eighteenth century and it has been well represented in the wars of this country. William Smith, the maternal grandfather of Mrs. Burge, was in the secret service under General Arnold in the war of 1812, was present at the surrender of Detroit, and was massacred at the battle of River Raisin. Mrs. Burge was the fifth in order of birth in a family of eleven children, the others being William, who is married and is now living in Watsonville, California; Russell, who wedded Mary Fitz and resides in Greene county, Iowa; Mary Jane, who married John Prather, and after residing for a time in Linn county, Iowa, moved to Kansas and later to Oregon, where both died; George, who married Sarah Black and makes his home in Mound City, Missouri; Frank
and James, twins both of whom entered the Union army during the civil war, and died at Maitland, Missouri, from the effects of their army life; Lucinda who married Henry Rogers, and both died in Greene county, Iowa; Elsina, who died in infancy; Duncan, a physician, who was killed in the Civil war; and Margaret E., who died at the age of twenty years.

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Burge were born twelve children, as follows: Frances married Jeremiah Thomas, a farmer of Franklin township, and died in 1878. Jerry was killed in a tornado on the home farm in Franklin township June 3, 1860. Hester M. married Joseph Moore, who died in this county in 1877, while her death occurred in Greene county, Iowa, in 1885. Their sons are now engaged in the cattle business in Tillamook, Oregon. John
W. married Hannah Clark and is engaged in farming in Bertram township, this county. Ellen married Andrew Dill, a farmer of Franklin township, and died August 21, 1879. Elizabeth is the wife of John Hoffman, a farmer of Franklin township. James R. married Alvina Minick and is engaged in the ice business in Mt. Vernon. Lavina is the wife of James Waln, a farmer of Franklin township. Elmer married Kate Heller and resides on his
grandfather's old homestead in the same township. Ethelda makes her home with her brother George H. She is a graduate of Cornell College and has for a number of years been a teacher in the high schools. Anson S. married Lulella Davis and resides in Spokane, Washington. George H. is mentioned more fully below.

Politically Mr. Burge was a Republican but he never cared for the honors or emoluments of public office, although he always took a deep interest in those enterprises which he believed calculated to prove of public benefit.  He died upon his farm in Franklin township May 5, 1891, and in his death the community realized that it had lost one of its most valued citizens. He was always a friend to the poor and needy and was held in the highest
respect and esteem by all who knew him. His estimable wife passed away April 21, 1886, and both were laid to rest in the Mt. Vernon cemetery.

George H. Burge, our subject's youngest son, was born on the 21st of August, 1872, on the old homestead in Franklin township where he still continues to reside. The district schools afforded him his early educational advantages, but he later attended the high school at Mt. Vernon, where he was graduated with the class of 1888, and for several terms during the winter he was a student at Cornell College, while the summer months were devoted to farm work. In 1889 he took charge of the home farm of one hundred and thirty acres, a half of which he purchased, while his father gave him the remainder. This includes the original tract entered by his father from the government. As the son has prospered in his farming operations he has added to his property until he now has two hundred and fifty acres of very valuable and productive land, which he has placed under a high state of cultivation, and on which he has made many useful and substantial improvements. He has a good modern residence,
has built new fences, erected numerous cattle sheds, and has planted an orchard, so that he now has one of the best places in the county, it being known as the "Wayside Farm."

Mr. Burge is one of the most successful breeders of fine cattle in America, making a specialty of the short-horn breed, and has carried off many premiums at county fairs, and also at several state fairs in different states.  His cattle have not only won prizes at these fairs, but also at national exhibits. He has made a constant study of his chosen occupation and has met with success. Mr. Burge attributes his success to the teachings of his
father, who was a most excellent judge of stock. His evenings are mainly devoted to study, and he has an excellent library, his office at home reminding one more of a literary man than a farmer. He is one of the most intelligent, progressive and successful agriculturists of the county, while as a stock raiser he has but few equals among the young men of this county. He is a scientific as well as a practical farmer, and to this may be
attributed his success. In politics he is a Republican.

Source: Biographical Record of Linn County, Iowa, Chicago: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1901.

BURK, W.D., attorney at law, of the firm of Burk & Russell, Muscatine; is a native of Johnstown, Cambria Co., Penn.; he came to Muscatine Co. in 1859; entered the law department of the State University at Iowa City and graduated in the class of 1873; he entered the law office of Richman & Carskaddan and remained with them two years; in the early part of the present year, he associated with J.J. Russell in the practice of his profession.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BURNETT, LEWIS G., dealer in books and stationery, No. 20 East Second street, Muscatine; was born in Muscatine Jan. 23, 1855; he received his education here and graduated at the high school; at the time of his graduation, he was the youngest graduate of the high school; he has succeeded his father in business since December, 1876.  He married Miss Anna M. McAlister, from the city of Muscatine, May 2, 1877, and they are living in the house where he was born.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BURNETT, R.M., retired; residence corner Third and Locust; is a native of Onondaga Co., New York, and was born July 11, 1821; he lived there until he came to Iowa, and located in Muscatine in 1852 and engaged in the book and stationery business; he continued in the same business in the same location for a quarter of a century; it is the oldest book and stationery house without change in the State.  He was twice elected to the State Legislature and served in the sessions of 1866 and 1868; was appointed Regent of the State University and held that position four years; has been a stockholder and Director in the Merchant's Exchange Bank since its organization.  He has been an active and earnest member of the Baptist Church for many years.  On account of the loss of his eyesight, he has given up his business to his son.  He married Miss Frances Edwards, of Onondaga Co., N.Y., in 1849; she died May 16, 1864; they had four children, only one of whom survives--Lewis.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

BUTLER, W. L.; farmer. Mr. Butler was born in Franklin Co.,Ohio, in 1829; when he was 11 years of age, removed with his parents to St. Louis; he came to Muscatine Co. in 1854, and settled in Lake Township where he now resides. He married Miss Martha Bumgardner, of this county; she was born in Virginia, in 1833; her parents came to this county while she was a child; were pioneers of the county; they have nine children---George, Henry, Martha, Lincoln, Charles, Sarah, Emery, John, Esther and Mary. Members of the M. E. Church; he acts with the Republican party. Owns 240 acres of land; his residence is on Sec. 30, four and one-half miles from Muscatine.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

The Arrow of September 22d notices the arrival of  "W. N. Byers, formerly of  Muscatine, Iowa. He is an old stager on the Oregon frontier and brings with him one of the best solar compasses for field surveying in the West. He put-poses making our soil his home."
In 1856 or 1857 we find Mr. Byers associated with Hon. A. J.   Poppleton as a lawyer, the firm being Poppleton & Byers. It was in 1859, during the Pike's Peak excitement, that Mr. Byers departed for Colorado. Mr. Poppleton still  resides in Omaha, and is one of the ablest lawyers in the country.

 Source: The Early History of Omaha, Nebraska, p. 53 (note: The Arrow was the local newspaper of the day)

BYRAM, REV. ALBERT B. pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Edgar, was born in Darke County, Ohio, October 31, 1843, and raised on a farm in Iowa. He was educated at the State University of Iowa City,  graduating in 1874, and afterward at the Northwestern Theological Seminary, at Chicago, graduating there in 1877. He was licensed to preach, by the Chicago Presbytery, in the spring of 1876, and in April, 1877, took      charge of the Presbyterian Church at Greenville, Ill., remaining there until he came to Nebraska in June, 1880,  at which time he took charge of the First Presbyterian Church at Fremont, remaining there for a year. He came to Edgar, in July, 1881, and entered upon his present duties. He is a very able speaker, and popular with his congregation. Mr. Byram was married at West Liberty, Iowa, in July, 1873, to Mary E. Dawson, a native of     Pennsylvania. They have two children--Elbert W. and Ethel.

Source:  Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska, Clay County

BYRNE, JOHN, of the firm of Byrne & Murphy, grocers, Second street; Mr. Byrne was born in County Wicklow, Ireland, in 1836; came to Muscatine Co. in 1849.  He married Miss B. Faley, of this county;  they have five children.  Mr. Byrne and wife are members of the Catholic Church; politically, he acts with the Democratic party.  He is President of the Muscatine Mutual Aid Society; was Alderman of the Second Ward, and as such exhibited marked executive ability, and performed the duties of that office in an able and efficient manner;  Mr. Byrne is highly regarded by his fellow citizens, and is deservedly very popular.  The firm of Byrne & Murphy have been established in business a number of years, and have secured the confidence and patronage of the public generally.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CADLE, CORNELIUS, retired; is a native of New York City; born March 11, 1809; he spent one year in learning the cabinet trade; lived there until 30 years of age; came to Iowa in August, 1843 and settled in Muscatine; he built the first steam saw-mill ever built here, and has been engaged in the saw-milling and lumber business until within the past five years; since then he has retired from active business.  He has held office of City Alderman,  and is now holding the office of County Supervisor; he was Deputy County Treasurer for three years.  He married Miss Abigail Larrabee, of Massachusetts, in 1835; she died in 1847, leaving four children---Cornelius, Jr., Edward, William and Charles; he married Ruth Lamphrey, a native of Maine, but brought up in Boston, in 1849; they have two children---Henry and Abbie.  Mr. Cadle had three sons in the army---Cornelius, Jr. was Adjutant General of the 17th Army Corps under Gens. McPherson, Blair and Ransom; William was in the 2nd I.V.C. and held commission of Captain, and Charles was also in the 2nd I.V.C.; Cornelius is in Alabama, Edward in California, William in Chicago, Charles in Victor, Iowa, and Henry in Princeton, Mo.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CADLE, RICHARD, of the firm of Cadle, Mulford & Co., manufacturers of sash, doors and blinds, Front street, Muscatine; was born in the city of New York Feb. 20, 1819, where he learned the carpenter's trade; he emigrated to the West, and spent one year in Illinois; came to Iowa, and located in Muscatine in October, 1843, and engaged with his brother in the saw-mill business, and afterward worked at his trade; in 1847, he was elected Clerk of the District Court, and held that office two years, then again engaged in the building business; he was appointed Postmaster and held that office during President Fillmore's administration; then associated with J.S. Patten for two years, in the manufacture of sash, doors, and blinds; was again elected Clerk of the Courts, and served as Clerk and Deputy Clerk until October, 1861, when he left the Court without a Clerk and enlisted in Co. H, 11th Reg. I.V.I.; he acted as Quartermaster at the headquarters of Gen. Grant, during the siege of Vicksburg; he was in the service three years, and served as Quartermaster with rank of First Lieutenant; after the war, was Chief Clerk of Transportation in the Quartermaster's department, at Louisville; returned to Muscatine, and engaged in manufacturing sash, doors, and blinds; he held the office of City Clerk six years; also Township Clerk for six years, and has held the position of Secretary and Treasurer and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows.  He married Miss S.A. Magoon, a native of Lancaster,  Ohio, Oct. 5, 1847; they have had three children---two still living---George H. and Eva.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CALHOUN, J.,  wagon-maker and Justice of the Peace, Conesville; born July 25, 1842, in Louisa Co., Iowa; learned his trade in Columbus City.  Enlisted in his country's service July 13, 1861, in Co. C, of the 5th I. V. C.; was promoted to First Sergeant; re-enlisted as a veteran in Co. G, of the 5th I..V.C: in January, 1864; was subsequently promoted as Quartermaster; was also, as a reward for bravery, presented with a very fine sword by his company, costing $130, with the name of the battles in which he was engaged--New Madrid, Corinth, Iuka, Corinth (2d), Jackson, Champion Hill, siege of Vicksburg, Mission Ridge, Duck River, Nashville, Pulaski, Elyton, Ebenezer Church, Selma, Montgomery, Columbus, West Point and Macon.  He was one of two color-bearers at the battle of Iuka who escaped out of nine; was remarkably fortunate, having never been sick a day while in the service; was mustered out in August, 1865. Returned to Columbus City and followed his trade till in 1867, came to Conesville and established his present business; was elected the first Mayor of the town, and is present Justice of the Peace.  Married Miss Susan Stillwell, of this county, March 27,1867; she was born Dec. 25,1845, in Coshocton Co., Ohio; have four children living-Cora, Lucinda J., Albert and Arthur; lost one--Miriam.  Mr. C. is a member of the Masonic Order, belonging to Columbus City Lodge. No.107. Republican.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 page 641 Orono Twp

CAMPBELL, C.W., far., Sec 24; P.O. Wolcott, Scott Co., Iowa; son of A.W. Campbell and Lucy R. (Foster) Campbell; was born in Scott Co., Iowa, March 4, 1843; his father, A.W. Campbell, was born in Hamilton Co., Ohio, June 30, 1802, and died in California July 22, 1853.  He married Miss Lucy R. Foster Feb 17, 1822; she was born in Ontario Co., N.Y., Dec 28, 1802; they came to Scott Co. May 5, 1836.  C.W. Campbell married Dec. 29, 1870, Miss Maggie E. Skiles; they have four children---Frank H., Lucy J., WIlson L. and Clare L.  Mr. C. and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church.  Mr. C. is the oldest Iowan born in Fulton Tp.  Is a Democrat.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Fulton Twp p. 663

CANDEE, S. N. , far., Sec. 10; was born in Hartford, Conn., in 1812; in 1836, he went to licking Co., Ohio, he married Miss Lucy A. Star, a native of Granville, Ohio; they were married in 1837, and two years after removed to Muscatine Co., Iowa, where they have since resided, with the exception of a short time on a claim near Iowa City, Iowa. They have had twelve children, six still living--Frederick (who served in an Iowa regiment during the war), Helen (now Mrs. Charles Davis), Julia (now Mrs. C. Star), Frank, Horace and Lucy. In early life, Mr. C.  was a Whig; on the organization of the Republican party, he  joined its ranks; has always been a firm and uncompromising enemy to human bondage; Mr. Candee and wife are members of the Congregational Church. He is one of the pioneer settlers of Iowa, and by industry and perseverance, he has made himself a comfortable home, in which he can pass his declining years in peace and plenty.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CANNARR,  ROBERT C. was born at Rock Rapids, Iowa, December 28, 1882, a son of David F. and Amanda (Wallace) Cannarr. His father was a railroad engineer. When Robert C. Cannarr was a child his parents died, and the opportunities and advantages that came to him were largely of his own making. He attended school in Chicago. As a youth he had some training in the undertaking business at  Muscatine, Iowa, beginning at the age of sixteen. Two years later he returned to Chicago, and on  reaching the age of twenty-one enlisted in the regular army and was in the military service until 1910.  During the last two years of his service he was first sergeant of K Troop, First Cavalry.

On being released from duty he came to San Francisco and in 1912 located at Fort Bragg. Here for two years he was an employee of the store of the Union Lumber Company. Mr. Cannarr then went back to Chicago, where he found employment and continued his apprenticeship and study as an embalmer. On May 4, 1915, he received a diploma after a post-graduate course in embalming and  immediately returned to Fort Bragg. In 1917 he became embalmer at Sacramento for the firm of Clark, Booth & Yardley.

In the early part of 1920 he returned to Fort Bragg and organized the Cannarr & Cannarr Company, Incorporated, with his wife, Grace T. (Turner) Cannarr, as his partner. Mrs. Cannarr graduated from the Carpenter College of Embalming at Iowa City, Iowa. She was born in New Hampshire and came to California in 1914. Mr. and Mrs. Cannarr started their business at Fort Bragg in 1920, and in 1927 completely rebuilt and remodeled their establishment. Their facilities include four pieces of  motor equipment, and they are adequately equipped to perform their service throughout the North Coast district of the state.

Mr. and Mrs. Cannarr have one son, William Francis, now a student in the San Rafael Military Academy. The firm are members of the Chamber of Comerce. Mr. Cannarr for eight years has been  deputy county coroner. He is a member of the Masonic Order, Fort Bragg Lodge No. 361, and  Mendocino Chapter No. 88, R. A. M., is a past officer of the Knights of Pythias, a past officer of the Improved Order of Red Men, and has been a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows for a  quarter of a century. He also belongs to the B. P. O. Elks and Fraternal Order of Eagles. Mrs. Cannarr is a member of the Eastern Star, is a past officer of the Rebekahs, a past officer of the Pythian Sisters, member of the Daughters of Pocahontas, and the Business and Professional Women's Clubs, of which she has served as secretary.

Source:  California and Californians: Volume 4-Sycamore Valley Ranch, p 117

CANOTT, Aaron, farmer and Justice of the Peace, Sec. 19; P.O. Nichols; owns 280 acres of land, valued at $40 per acre; born Aug. 9, 1826, in Henry Co., Ind; his father died when he was about 5 years old. His mother again married, Mr. William Harlan, in the spring of 1840, and moved Kosciusko Co. the spring of 1841, and the following fall he himself went to the same county. In the summer of 1843, he commenced to learn the carpenter and joiner's trade, but not liking his instructor, quit the business the winter following; in the fall of 1845, came to Iowa in company with a distant relative stopping in Johnson Co. Married Sarah Ralston, of Johnson Co., April 8, 1847; she was born Nov. 12, 1829; that same year his stepfather, Mr. Harlan, died, and his mother came out and lived with him till in the spring of 1851; she was again married, to a Mr. John Calkin; in the spring of 1868, came to his present farm; on the 19th of March, 1872, his wife died; he was again married, to Mrs. Harriet Allen (maiden name Blake) Sept. 5, 1872; she was born Aug. 28, 1844, in Berrien Co., Mich.; have four children living by first wife--Joseph T., Jeremiah, Enoch and John F.; lost three--Mahala, William and Ella; by second wife, two--Mary and Aaron, Jr.; lost one--Bessie M.; second wife had two children by former husband--Sherman and Nettie, had lost one, Ettie. Mr. C.'s mother is now living with him, her third husband having died in June, 1874. Mr. C. is now serving his third term as Justice of the Peace. Methodist and Greenbacker.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Pike Twp

CARL, JEREMIAH H., confectioner and retail dealer in tobacco and cigars, Mulberry street, Muscatine; Mr. Carl was born in Perry Co., Penn., in the year 1840; in 1858, he came to Washington Co., Iowa, where he remained until the breaking-out of the war, when  he enlisted in Co. C, 8th I.V.I.; was enrolled on the 11th of August, 1861; veteraned Jan. 1, 1864, and honorably discharged April 20, 1866.  He participated in every battle, siege and skirmish his command was engaged in; the principal battles were Shiloh, Vicksburg and Spanish Fort; he was captured at Shiloh, and detained as a prisoner of war two months.  In 1867, he married Miss Lydia E. Long, of Washington Co., Iowa, Nov. 28, 1867; she was born Dec. 10, 1846; a native of that county; her parents being among the first settlers; they have four children---Edith Evelyn, born March 24, 1869; Hilda Maude, Jan 27, 1871; Clara Alice, July 23, 1873; Mary Ida, March 22, 1875.  Mr. Carl is a member of the Masonic fraternity; Republican.  He has been engaged in business here since Feb. 10, 1867.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CARPENTER, Byron was born in Washington County, Vt., in 1827. Remained there until 1851, when he went to Kentucky, and the following year went to Tennessee, and was employed as teacher in a business college at Memphis, Tenn. From there went to Bridgeport and taught in Rotherwood Seminary, a preparatory school for boys, remaining there about four years. In 1858, emigrated to Iowa, locating at West Liberty, where he followed teaching. Then went to farming until 1864, when he went to Murfreesboro and took charge of a plantation, remaining there two years. He then returned to Iowa, and was farming part of the time, handling  farm machinery from 1870 to 1874. In October, 1880, came to Nebraska and located at Wymore, and is engaged in real estate brokerage, loan and insurance agency.

Source:  Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska, Gage County

CARR, Phillip,  boot and shoe maker, Atalissa; born in Erie Co., N. Y., in 1835; came to Iowa in 1875. Married Jennie Strong 1870; she was born in Pekin, Ill.; have two children--William and Delos. Mr. C. enlisted in U. S. A. in 1861;  went out as Captain of Company A, 141st regiment. (Illinois Infantry)

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CARSKADDAN, J. attorney and counselor at law; was born in Seneca Co., N.Y., Nov. 6, 1829; the most of his boyhood was spent in Oneida Co., where he attended school; then entered Hamilton College, and graduated from that institution in the Class of '51;  after graduating he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in New York in the spring of 1853; he came to Iowa the same year, and located in Muscatine;  about the 1st of January, 1854, he associated with T. M. Williams, and published the Democratic Inquirer for two years;  then associated with E.H. Thayer, now of the Clinton Age and engaged in the law and land agency business, and since then he has mostly engaged in the practice of law; in 1857, he was elected Prosecuting Attorney for this county, and held the office until it was changed to that of District Attorney;  he was elected Probate Judge in 1861, and held that office until 1864; was associated with Judge Richman, in the practice of law, from December, 1863 until the latter went on the bench in 1878.  He married Miss A.M. Brown, a native of Madison Co., Ny.Y., in 1854.

Source: History of Muscatine County Iowa 1879

CASEBEER, Rev. Jacob B.

History largely records the material upbuilding, the political progress and the military movements of a country, and yet back of all this are the principles that actuate men in their lives, in all of their relations with their fellowmen, and these principles in large measure have their root in religious faith and belief. In a history of Iowa, therefore, it is meet that extended mention be made of those who have had to do with planting the seeds of righteousness and truth which in the passing years have sprung up and borne rich fruit. Among the early ministers of the gospel in this state was the Rev. Jacob B. Casebeer, who almost to the time of his death was filling the pastorate of St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal church in Cedar Rapids. So widespread  was his influence, so beneficient his work, that his history is inseparably interwoven with the annals of Iowa.

A native of Ohio, he was born at New Philadelphia, February 11, 1838, but in his  youthful days accompanied his parents on their removal to the neighborhood of  Muscatine, Iowa, where his father engaged in the practice of medicine as one of the early physicians of that district.

In young manhood Jacob Casebeer studied  medicine under his father's direction and for a time engaged in practice, but was  destined to devote his life to even a higher and holier work than the healing of the  body. In 1857, while residing near Des Moines, he attended a Methodist  campmeeting at Mud Creek and there joined the church. He at once entered actively into phases of religious work and manifested an adaptability for the labors of spiritual ministration which has made his career peculiarly successful. His first sermon was preached in the log schoolhouse at Corrys Grove. He was licensed to preach on the 21st of August, 1858 and was assigned to duty on the Palmyra circuit which included twenty appointments and required four weeks to visit each.

He met the usual experiences and hardships of the itinerary minister in pioneer  times, but never faltered in the course which he had set out for himself nor murmured when his path seemed beset with difficulties while he carried the gospel  into sparsely settled districts of western Iowa. He found that the people eagerly  listened to the word of God and that their hospitality was generous and their  welcome most hearty. He possessed ready adaptability that enabled him to meet all conditions of life as he found them, and speak the ready and timely word of encouragement, assistance and sympathy. His love for his fellowmen was the predominant influence in his life and thus he wanted to share with them what he  regarded as life's richest gift--the blessings of a belief in religion.

In 1859 he was  assigned to the Marengo circuit and in 1860 to the Muscatine circuit as junior preacher, thus returning as a messenger of the gospel to the field where he had  first begun his labors in behalf of the cause. He was next assigned to the Richmond circuit and soon his pastoral duties were interrupted by work which he regarded as  high and holy as that in which he had formerly engaged.

It was in 1861 that he was importuned to go south to bring home an insane soldier, the son of a parishioner. He made his way to the contested ground where the two armies lay, and gaining personal knowledge of the conditions and a clear insight into the causes of war, he became another "fighting parson," and was as stalwart and loyal a soldier of the country as he was a soldier of the cross. Returning to the north in 1862 he raised a military organization that became known as Company D, Twenty-fourth Iowa Infantry, of Johnson and Cedar counties, and Governor Kirkwood sent him a commission as captain on the 9th of August. He refused to accept this, however, and enlisted as a private. But the company that he had raised, thoroughly loyal to him and believing in his ability, unanimously elected him to the captaincy. He then consented to serve and the company, which was organized on the 20th, rendezvoused eight days later at Muscatine, was mustered into the service on the 24th of September, and on the 20th of October started for  the south. His history during the remainder of the war was that of the regiment. He shared in all the hardships and privations incident to the life of the soldier engaged in active duty. He inspired his men with much of his own loyalty and bravery; he did not command but led them into the thickest of the fight and while carefully looking after their physical wants he also ministered to their spiritual needs, looking after them with the devotion of a brother. One of the Iowa papers said of him: "In the 'hornet's nest' at Champion's Hill his company was decimated, but when the sun set on that bloody field he gathered the survivors of his company about him and with tears that were mingled with prayer poured out his heart to the God of battles. In the Red river expedition he was wounded by the explosion of a shell, and after struggling heroically for weeks to keep at the head of his men he was compelled to return home when the surgeons declared that his life would pay the penalty unless he did."

When the war was over and the country no longer needed his aid Rev. Casebeer returned to the active work of the ministry in Iowa. During the progress of the war he had married Miss Mira Riggs, daughter of John and Eliza (Longstreth) Riggs, of Muscatine, the wedding being celebrated in 1863. They became the parents of two daughters, Mrs. H. S. Kneedler, and Maud C., the wife of Dr. H. L. Walker of Cedar Rapids.

In 1864 Rev. Casebeer had been transferred to the Upper Iowa conference and was pastor of the Methodist church in Dubuque until 1866; afterward spent a year at Lyons, and from 1867 until 1869 was at Waterloo. Through the two succeeding years he labored at Charles City; was at Decorah for two years; at Anamosa from 1873 until 1875; at West Union from 1875 until 1877; Osage, from 1877 until 1879; McGregor from 1879 until 1882; Marshalltown from 1882 until 1885; Cedar Rapids from 1885 until 1887; and then accepted the pastorate of the Fourteenth Street Methodist church in Davenport. But after four months' service in that connection he was obliged to put aside the active work of the ministry because of the great nervous strain under which he had labored for years and because of the wounds which he had sustained in the army. He continued in ill health until the end, which came on the 18th of December, 1889.

Mr. Casebeer was honored and revered wherever he was known. He was a valued member of the Masonic fraternity in which he took the degrees of the lodge, chapter, commandery and consistory and of the Mystic Shrine. He was an Odd  Fellow and was identified with other fraternal organizations. He served as state chaplain of the Grand Army of the Republic and was chaplain of the First Regiment of the Iowa National Guard. It has been written of him: "His willingness to respond to all calls, the warm fellowship of his nature and his ready oratory, have conspired to make him friends all over the state where he is undoubtedly as well and widely known as any minister in Iowa. But by a narrower -- and yet wide -- circle of friends he is held in even higher esteem. We refer to those innumerable ones who have tested the warmth of his affection and the generousness of his disposition. In secret he was continually doing good, even at the expense of time and health and money which he could illy afford. Since his sickness many poor people have called at  his home to inquire for him and to tearfully tell of his goodness to them. Helpless and decrepit men, needy and suffering women and especially little children whom he tenderly loved, have sounded the depth of his abundant charity. During his ministry here there were many who tested this spirit of sacrifice and who in the hour of deepest affliction found in him a responsive chord for the expression of their woes. He was moved by the misfortune of others, and his compassion had no mean or sordid bounds. Greater even than the imperishable tribute of the twenty-five hundred brought into his church during his twenty-five years of ministry will be the jewels on his crown which will be added by the unforgotten prayers of the needy  whom he has succored. This life which was so full of varied activity, so stiringly dramatic when it rose to the heroic demands of war and so abundantly meet for the tender work of the Saviour when it followed the walks of its own choosing -- has closed. The man who has gone among us for so long and who has so tenderly  cemented the ties of friendship, is dead. Rousing from the deep sleep that hung over him as the end drew near a day or two ago he said distinctly as he clasped the hand of his wife and lifted his eyes heavenward, 'Thy will be done.' "

Religion was never to him a stern taskmaster -- it was ever with him a service of love. He believed that Christian people should be the happiest people in the world and his intercourse with others always showed a light heart and a genialty that had their root in a belief that all was well and that the destiny of the world was being shaped according to the divine plan. The memory of his life remains as an inspiration and a benediction to many who knew him.

Source: History of Linn County Iowa from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time: Volume  II.

CASS, Rev. MOSES G., Presbyterian minister, Sec. 21.

Source: History of Muscatine County Iowa 1879

CHAMBLISS, BENJAMIN one of the largest land-owners of Muscatine County, was born in Greenville County, Va., July 11, 1807, and is a son of Henry and Chany (Clemens) Chambliss. His paternal grandfather had a family of twnty-eight children, and Benjamin was one of a family of nine, of whom Webster was the oldest; M.A., born in 1822, is now residing in Xenia, Ohio, and for upwards of forty years past has been foreman of the Miami Powder Mills; Elizabeth, Sarah and Martha are all deceased; Mary is a resident of Virginia, and Nancy L. is living on the old homestead in that state.

Our subject was reared to manhood in his native county, receiving his education in the subscription schools, and subsequently learned the carpenter's trade. In 1840 he left his childhood home and emigrated to Marion County, Ind., where he remained for ten years working at his trade. At the expiration of that time he continued his journey westward to Muscatine County, landing in Fulton Township on the 16th of June 1850. He there entered 160 acres of land, and became a dealer in real estate, steadily adding to his possessions by thrift and enterprise, until he is now the owner of 2,600 acres of land, 800 in Muscatine County, 160 in Hancock County, Ill., and the remainder in Otoe County, Neb.

In 1830, in Greenville County, Va., Mr. Chambliss was united in marriage with Julia Hill, who was a native of that county, and a daughter of Thomas Hill, who had a family of four children, namely: Catharine, who is now deceased; Nathaniel, the second in order of birth; Julia, wife of our subject; and Washington. Eight children were born of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Chambliss, six of whom are living: Virginia, who was bon in the Old Dominion in 1831, is now married and has a family of eleven children, namely: Benjamin F.; Samantha E.; Sylvester M.; Charles A. (now deceased), Jesse A., Nora S., John J., Julia M., William L., Hattie M., and Emily E. (should read Emery E.). Hester, Mrs. Joseph Brunell, lives in Nebraska; Rodgers, the third child, is a resident of Oregon; Jefferson, who wedded Lizzie Charter, of Pittsburgh, Pa., is now living on Muscatine Island; Christina is the wife of E. S. Smith, a resident of Nebraska, and to them have been born eight children, seven of whom are living-Alice, Laura, Effie, Walter, Eddie, Marsha and Ray; America wedded William Diffendaffer, whose home is in Nebraska, and they have four children, two living, Orpha and Lily; Theresa is the wife of Nelson Henderson, of Nebraska, and to them have been born four children-Blanche, Eddie, Luella and Ross. The mother of these children was called to her final home Jan. 14, 1884. She was a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, a kind and loving wife and mother, and was beloved by all who knew her. Her remains were interred in a beautiful vault in Parr Cemetery, which is large enough for six persons, and is of a most beautiful design, being lined upon the inside with fine marble, while all the cells are air-tight.

Politically, Mr. Chambliss is a Democrat, but is not a strong partisan, having voted a number of tmes for the man of his choice, regardless of party. A shrewd enterprising man of good business ability, yet strictly honest in all his dealing, Mr. Chambliss has been remarkably successful in his business enterprises, and is one of the leading citizens of Muscatine County, known and honored throughout the commumity. He is one of whom it may be justly said that his word is as good as his bond, and now in his eighty second year, is hale and hearty, and more active than many younger men. We are pleased to have his portrait and that of his late estimable wife accompany this sketch.

Posted by Donna VanZandt

CHAPMAN, Orange Judd, agent at Cedar Rapids for the United States Express Company, is numbered among the veterans of the Civil war. Few men of his years can boast of a record of two years' service in defense of the Union. He was born at Lockport, New York, on Christmas day of 1846, his parents being Gardner S. and Amanda (Judd) Chapman, also of Lockport. The father was a farmer by occupation and died of fever while serving in the Union army during the Civil war. He assed away at Memphis, Tennessee, in September, 1863, and his discharge papers came the day after his death. His wife survived him until 1884.

In the usual channels Orange J. Chapman acquired his education, but at the age of fifteen years left school to join the army, becoming a member of Company A, Ninth Iowa Cavalry. He was with that command for two years and took part in a number of the minor battles and also in the hotly contested engagement at Peach Orchard Gap. Following the close of the war he was honorably discharged June 21, 1865.

Almostly continuously since Mr. Chapman has been connected with the express service, driving the first wagon put on at Des Moines, Iowa, for the United States Express Company. This was on the 1st of August, 1866. He was thus employed for six months, after which he was made messenger and clerk for the company. Promotion followed when, in 1876, he was made the company's agent at Muscatine, Iowa, where he remained for about ten years. He then resigned and became  manager of the street railway company at Wichita, Kansas, acting in that capacity  for two years, when on account of illness he retired from active work. In 1896, however, he returned to the United States Express Company as agent at  Independence and is now the company's representative at Cedar Rapids, in charge of the agency at this point. That he was again taken into the service of the company is proof of the excellent record which he had previously made. He is today one of the oldest and most trusted employes of the company in Iowa, his record at all times being entirely commendable.

On the 10th of January, 1871, Mr. Chapman was united in marriage to Miss Mary Seymour, a daughter of Captain Seymour, of Rock Island, Illinois. Mrs. Chapman died June 7, 1910, and was buried in Oakwood cemetery, Independence, Iowa, June 10, 1910. They became the parents of two children, who are still living: Maud Dorothy, the wife of C. V. Rosenberger and residing in Independence, Iowa; and Letah Evangeline, at home. The family residence is at No. 1620 Second avenue. Mr. Chapman maintains pleasant relations with his old army comrades through his  membership in the post at this place, and he also belongs to the Royal Arcanum and to the First Congregational church. His fidelity to duty and unfaltering industry have ever been numbered among his salient characteristics and his uniform courtesy and obligingness have made him popular with the patrons of the company which he represents and with its superior officers.

Source: History of Linn County Iowa from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time: Vol  II  (Biographical) 1911

CHAPMAN, Thomas whose residence is on the south line of section 33 of Cass Township, has been a resident of the county since 1865, when he settled on his present place, consisting of a fractional quarter section. He is a native of England, born September 23, 1825, in Wiltshire, and is a son of William and Mary (Green) Chapman, and was the fourth child of a family of ten children. His father was a farmer, and died in England. Two years after his father's death his mother came to America, and died in Harrison County.

When our subject was sixteen years old, in England, he commenced working at shoemaking, which he followed most of the time until he came to America, as well as one year afterwards. It was during the month of January that he bid farewell to his native land and sailed for America, landing at New Orleans, and from thence by boat up to Council Bluffs, and during the year 1851 purchased the farm in Boomer Township, Pottawattamie County, Iowa. But like so many ithers at that date, he saw visions of golden wealth and prosperity, and in 1852 started for Salt Lake, crossing the plains with ox-teams. He remained in that country twleve years, just prior to his settlement in Harrison County.

In the fall of 1851 he had assisted in surveying a part of the section lines in Harrison County.   November 20, 1847, he was united in marriage with Amelia Willis, in England. She died in Salt Lake, April 9, 1856, and in 1857 he was married to Mrs. Deborah J. Blair, daughter of James and Rebecca (Hall) Bushnell,  a native of England, born October 11, 1819. She was the youngest of a family of four children, and was married in the land of her birth January 2, 1841, to David Blair, who was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, May 5, 1810, and was the son of John and Jane Blair, who came to America in November, 1856, landing in Boston, and from there he took up his journey to Utah, coming in cattle cars to Iowa City, being under the supervision of Daniel Taylor and Edwin Martin, missionaries of Brigham Young. From Iowa City to Salt Lake City the long march was made by the Mormons, to which sect this family belonged, by means of handcarts heavily laden with their household effects, books, keep-sakes, and trinkets. Nearly the entire way across what was then known as the Great American Desert this little band, our subject's wife, husband and three children, which had been driven by persecution from the Mississippi States, were obliged to subsist on a pint of flour per day and it will be remembered that this was in the winter. Shortly after leaving Laramie, Wy., the snow was deep, and in many places they were compelled to wade through it waist deep, as the oxen gave out.

Mr. Blair, Mrs. Chapman's first husband, who necessarily enters largely into this sketch, while in England and a subject of the Queen, was one of the Royal Guards. He was six feet and three inches high, and served in the capacity of one of the Royal House Queen's Body Guards, and Mrs. Chapman now possesses a regimental coat he wore, and a sword which was presented to him by his Colonel.

While crossing the plains this man fell a victim to starvation, as did one of the children, and died at Rocky Ridge. When the party reached Independent Rock they were compelled to halt for nine days on account of a snow blockade, until teams reached them from Salt Lake, bringing provisions and some clothing, allowing them to leave their hand-carts and ride the remainder of the journey. Like great military campaigns of the Civil War, the hardships endured, the sacrifices made and the lives lost, can never be fully described or thoroughly understood by any one who did not march through the enemy's land. The survivors of the late war, and those who withstood the torture of an Andersonville or a Libby Prison can in a measure enter into the spirit of the suffering entailed by that terrible conflict. So it is with the exodus of the Mormon people, from winter quarters, near the present site of Omaha, across the desert land of Nebraska and Colorado, at a time when they were hundreds of miles from any other human creatures than the savage tribes of the Indians, and fortunate indeed were the many thousands of their number who became "Apostates" this side of the Missouri River and withdrew from that people on account of polygamy; for while they sought out homes on the eastern shore of the Missouri River, in many of the southwestern counties, in Iowaas well as in Missouri, and endured the hardships co-incident with frontier life, yet they escaped the religious imprisonment and disgrace of those who became Brigham Young's followers in the far West.

Our subject and his wife are members of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Politically, Mr. Chapman is a supporter of the Democratic party, and stands high in the community in which he lives.   Mr. Chapman adopted two boys in Salt Lake City -- George P. and Charles G. Dykes. The former was nine and the latter four years of age, and were motherless. George P. remained with the Chapman family until twenty years of age; and Charles until twenty-two years, when he married. He now resides in Muscatine County, Iowa, and has eighty acres of land. They were both cared for and treated as their own children.

Source: 1891 History of Harrison County Iowa. 

CHESEBRO, H. C. , farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 8 ; P. O. Adams; owns 275 acres of land, valued at $30 per acre; born Jan. 4, 1831, in Saratoga Co., N. Y.; in early life, he learned the carpenter's trade; in January, 1852, emigrated to Iowa, stopped in Iowa City a short time, worked on the State-house, after which he came to West Liberty, following his trade; in 1854, removed to Muscatine Island, and, in 1855, to Muscatine, and, in 1860, came to his present farm. Married Louisa Fitzsimmons in February, 1855; she was born in Ireland November, 1834, coming to the United States in 1844; have six children------George H., Eliza J., Charles E., Ella, Hattie M. and Grace. Member of M. E. Church; Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 Pike Twp

CLARK, ALEXANDER, retired (more popularly known as the colored orator of the West); is a native of Washington Co, Penn., and was born Feb. 25, 1826; he received but a limited education in the common schools of his native village; but he was a bright, intelligent lad and seemed to learn by intuition.  At the age of 13, he removed to Cincinatti, Ohio, where he learned the barbering business with his uncle, who also sent him to school for about a year, where he made considerable proficiency in grammar, arithmetic, geography and natural philosophy.  In May, 1842, he came to Iowa, and located in Muscatine, which has since been his home; he conducted a  barber shop until about 1868, when his health compelled him to seek a more active business; having by industry and economy accumulated some capital, he invested in real estate; bought some timber land; obtained contracts for the furnishing of wood to steamboats; did some speculating which proved to be successful, and the result is the accumulation of a competence on which he lives in ease and retirement.  In 1851, he became a member of the Masonic Order by joining Prince Hall Lodge, No. 1, of St. Louis; in 1868, he was Arched, Knighted and elected Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge; H. McGee Alexander, then Grand Master, died April 20, 1868, and Mr. Clark became Grand Master in his stead, and fulfilled  his unexpired term; the jurisdiction then extended over Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, Tennessee, Arkansas and Mississippi; he organized all the subordinate lodges in the last three States and assisted in organizing their Grand Lodges; at the next annual meeting of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, he was elected Grand Treasurer, and appointed a delegate to the Most Worshipful National Grand Compact of Masons (colored) for the United States, held at Wilmington, Del., Oct. 9, 1869; in June, 1869, he was again elected Grand Master, and held that office for three years; in 1872, he was elected Grand Secretary, and, in 1874, he was again elected to the position of Grand Master, and annually re-elected to the same position, his jurisdiction extending over the States of Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota and Colorado, embracing 87 Lodges and 2,700 members; he is said to be one of the most accomplished ritualists, and among the most able and successful executive officers that the Order, in any branch of it, has ever possessed.  In 1863, he enlisted in the 1st I. (colored) V.I., and was appointed Sergeant-Major, but was refused on account of physical disability.  In 1869, he was appointed by the Colored State Convention of Iowa a delegate to the Colored National Convention, which met at Washington, D.C.; he was also a member of the Committee from the same Convention to wait upon President Grant and Vice President Colfax to tender them the congratulations of the colored people of the United States upon their election; in 1869, he was a member and Vice President of the Iowa Republican State Convention; in the following year, he was also a delegate to the State Convention and a member of the Committee on Resolutions; he has stumped the State of Iowa as well as most of the Southern States at every election held since the rebellion, and is recognized as a very eloquent and powerful speaker; in 1872, he was appointed by the Republican State Convention of Iowa a delegate at large to the National Republican Convention in Philadelphia, an, in 1873, was appointed by President Grant Counsel to Aux Cayes, Hayti, but refused the position owing to the meagerness of the salary; in 1876, he was appointed by a colored convention of Iowa delegate to the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia, for the purpose of preparing useful statistics for the colored race; and later the same year, he was appointed alternate delegate by the Iowa State Republican Convention to the National Republican Convention held in Cincinnati.  Mr. Clark became a member of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1850; continues in fellowship, and is Superintendent of the Sabbath school of that church in Muscatine; he is also Trustee, Steward ,and the largest contributor to the support of the Church.  On the 9th of October, 1848, at Iowa City, he married Miss Catherine Griffin; they have had five children, two of whom, John and Ellen, died in infancy; the survivors, Rebecca J., Susan V., and Alexander G., all inherit their father's intellectual endowments; all graduates of the High School of Muscatine; Alexander is studying law; Rebecca is the wife of G.W. Appleton, of Muscatine; Susan is the wife of Rev. Richard Holley, a minister at the African Methodist Episcopal Church.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CLARK, Alexander, journalist, was born in Washington county, Pa.. in February. 1826, of colored parents. He received a good district school training, learned the trade of barber, removed to Muscatine, Iowa, in 1843, and there pursued his vocation. He was a delegate to the national convention of colored men at Rochester, N. Y.; in 1853, identified himself with the Republican party and became a prominent political orator. He was a delegate to all the county and state conventions of his party, and in 1869 represented his race in Iowa in the national convention at Washington
D. C. In 1882 he purchased the Chicago Conservator and conducted it with success until 1889. In 1883 he was graduated at the Iowa state law school and was admitted to the Chicago bar. In August, 1890, President Harrison appointed him U.S. minister to Liberia, and he died at Monrovia, Liberia, June 3, 1891.

Source: The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans: Volume II

CLARK, Joel,  general manager of the grange co-operative store, Fourth street; residence Cherry street, Wilton; was born in Waldo Co., Me., Feb. 9, 1823; was raised a farmer; but with a liberal education acquired at the common schools, and several terms at the China, Me., academy; at the age of 20, he engaged in teaching, and being successful continued during the winter months until 1873. Oct. 20, 1850, he married Margaret R. Lenfest, of French descent, born in Lincoln, Co., Me., March 20, 1825; in the spring of 1855, with his family; then consisting of two children, he came to Erie Co., Ohio, and in December of the following year, they came to Wilton, but soon after settled in Cedar Co., where he engaged in farming until the fall of 1875, when he assumed charge of the farmer's elevator, at Wilton, until February, 1878; he was elected general manager of the store where he now is, for one year, and re-elected February, 1879; they have had four children, three still living---Ida F., born in Maine, Sept. 21, 1851, the wife of D. W. Badgers, of Wilton; Willis G., born in Maine, Nov. 24, 1853, was killed in a mill in attempting to save the life of a friend, July 18, 1877; Reeta L.,  born in Ohio, Feb. 2, 1856, and Maggie E., March 27, 1866.    Since 15 years of age, Mr. and Mrs. C. have been members of  the Free Baptist Church, in which he holds the offices of Deacon and Clerk; he is President of local board of the Collegiate Institute, and has held some of township and school offices in Cedar County, and has been Republican in politics since Fremont's time.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Wilton Twp

The Tradition
The persistent popularity of Orion Clemens in the Mississippi River towns of southeastern Iowa may have its origin in the fact that he was the brother of Mark Twain. But surely he is still remembered lovingly for his own sake by those who knew him intimately as neighbors and friends, especially the older people of Keokuk. So gentle, so whimsically charming, and in his later years so delightfully forgetful was he that he scarcely needed the fame of his illustrious brother to make him a memorable figure in Keokuk.

Unfortunately the impression has gone abroad that Orion Clemens was a rather ridiculous person. This opinion, however, is based upon a mistaken assumption that people laughed at him instead of with him. Orion was not ridiculous, nor was he even funny. But that he was witty, absent-minded, and often humorously inconsistent is attested by many an anecdote. Somehow his more peculiar characteristics have come to be accepted as wholly indicative of the kind of man he really was.

There is the story about his wedding trip from Keokuk to Muscatine in the winter of 1854 when Orion, having stepped into the stagecoach and carefully arranged his bundles, leaned back in comfort to await the departure of the vehicle only to be apprised by a friend that his newly acquired bride, standing near-by on the platform with her bundles, was also to accompany him on the trip. Orion himself loved to tell this story and it later found its way into Albert Bigelow Paine's biography of Mark Twain.

But some of the modern versions are scarcely recognizable, having taken on curious accretions which tend toward the ludicrous. For instance, it has been alleged that Orion, happening one day to be in Keokuk, casually married there. Such casualness in so important an event would be interesting, indeed, if true, but much more interesting is the exquisite little note which disproves it - the note in which Orion asks for the hand of the young lady he wished for his bride.

Muscatine, Iowa, Nov. 21,1854.

Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Stotts:
The object of this note furnishes a subject so entirely novel to me, that I hope I shall be excused for any blunders or awkwardness in writing.
Without further preface, I venture to inform you of my attachment to your daughter, Miss Mary Ellen, and to ask your consent to our union in a few weeks.
An early answer is respectfully solicited.
Most respectfully yours,
Orion Clemens.

Then there is the story, with many variations, of the time Mrs. Clemens went to afternoon tea. Before leaving she told Orion there was a cup of salad for him in the pantry, which he was to eat in case she returned late. Heeding his wife's instructions, which, as gossip reports, he was in the habit of doing, he went to the pantry, took down a cup with something in it, and ate.  Presently his wife returned and asked him if he had eaten his salad.
"Yes," replied Orion, "but it didn't taste very good, so I beat up an egg in it."
"And then how did it taste?" asked Molly suspiciously, as she stepped to the pantry.
"Rather yeasty, " Orion said sheepishly as it dawned on him that he had eaten a cup of yeast by mistake - "sunshine vitamins" and all.

Molly's somewhat rigorous management of her husband is the theme of an anecdote that also reveals Orion's sense of humor.  One day Orion was in the back yard cleaning a pair of trousers when Molly called out, " Orion, what are you doing? "
No answer.
"Orion, what are you doing?"
Still no answer.
"Orion, tell me what you are doing!"
Then rather meekly from the yard, "Molly, I am cleaning our pantaloons."

Or there is the story, again with many variations, of Orion's method of keeping books. One time when he had charge of the church funds, his books got into a hopeless tangle, so he went to an auditor to have them straightened out. Shortly afterward, when the two men met on the street, the auditor inquired of Clemens how he kept the church books. "Well, I put down everything I pay out," replied Orion, " and trust my memory for everything that is paid in."

Numerous incidents relate to Orion's law practice. One year when the city of Keokuk was involved in some important litigation? Clemens volunteered his services in behalf of the city without pay. The city accepted. Thenceforth it seems to have been as difficult to keep Clemens at work and to expurgate his jokes from the record as it was to win the case.

Stories of this nature the visitor at Keokuk encounters abundantly the moment he evinces an interest in the Clemens family.  But if he is fortunate enough to talk with some of the older people who knew Orion, and if he is discerning, he can not fail to sense that there is affection in the telling of them.

Molly Clemens's Note Book
When Molly Clemens died in 1904, having out lived her husband about seven years, there was found among her effects an old note book which she began in 1862 while she was in Keokuk waiting for Orion to send for her. Orion, it will be seen, had the year before been appointed Secretary of Nevada Territory. That his sudden rise from the position of an obscure country-town lawyer to that of a man prominently engaged in State-building should have prompted her to jot down a bit of family history is entirely excusable. The note book is interesting not only for the sketch of Orion's career, with the steps leading up to his appointment, but also for its references to Sam Clemens who accompanied Orion and for whom the western trip proved the threshold for literary career. Except for minor changes to insure clearness the entries are rendered as found.

Married, Orion Clemens, to Miss Mary E. Stotts, Dec. l9th 1864. By Rev. J. T. Umsted, Pastor of the Westminster Church.

Orion Clemens, lived in Muscatine, Iowa, when we were married. The river being closed we had to take our trip, or rather return to his home from Keokuk, in the stage. We left K. Dec 20 arrived at M. Dec 21st. I returned to Keokuk on my first visit March 18, I was taken sick about the last of April and was sick a long time.  My Mother was sent for. She came and staid 10 days. In June Mr. Clemens bought the "Ben Franklin" book
and job office, at Ogden & Delaplain. We moved to Keokuk on the 9th of June 1855. Our little Jennie was born Sept 14, 1855. On the 19th of Dec following, we went to board at Pa's. Remained there until February 2d 1857. In June of 1857, Mr. Clemens sold the printing office to H. H. Belding. On the 25 of September 1857, we started to Tennessee to spend the winter and to see a large amount of mountain land. We spent 10 days in
St. Louis, with Mr. Wm. A Moffett. Belle Stotts went with us. We all attended the "Great Fair of the West." We spent 10 days in Adair Co. Ky. visiting relatives, and friends of our parents. We then proceeded to Tenn. by private conveyance.

I left Tennessee on the 24 of March 1858. We went to Wayne Co. Ky - the present position of a large army. I staid until the 12 of April then went to Columbia Ky. There I remained 8 days, received a letter urging my speedy return to Iowa on account of my mothers illness. I arrived in Keokuk on the 27 of April. Found my mother better. Spent one day in St. Louis on my return.

Mr. Clemens returned to Keokuk on the 7 of July. He came by Memphis Tenn, to see and perhaps wait on & relieve his poor and unfortunate brother Henry Clemens who was second clerk on the steamboat Pennsylvania, which exploded her boilers, on the Mississippi river 60 miles below Memphis, Tenn on the 13, 1858.

Henry died on the 20 of June, one week from the time he was injured. No one of his friends reached him excepting Sam Clemens, his brother who was steersman at that time; but from a difficulty which took place between Sam C and the other pilot named Brown, on Henry's account Sam had left the Penn and was to go on her again as soon as they arrived at Saint Louis, where Brown was to be discharged. Brown was killed by the explosion.

We staid at Wm Stotts'es from July 7 'til the following July, when we went to housekeeping. On Feb 1st 1860, we moved to town. In May Orion concluded to go to Memphis Missouri, to practice law. (I will say he was admitted to the bar in Jamestown Tenn. examined by Judge Goodall) He moved his family over in August, 1860.  In Jan. 1861, went to St. Louis to see Judge Edward Bates who had accepted an appointment in Abraham
Lincoln's Cabinet as Atty General.

Mr. Clemens was successful, he received the appointment of Secretary of Nevada Territory, a new Territory organized in the session of 1860 & 61.

Mr. Clemens received notice of his appointment on the 27 of March, received his papers on the 20 of April. We then left Memphis on the 26, reached Keokuk again on the 27. Mr. C started to St. Louis that night. He left Keokuk on the 4 of July to visit his sister P. A. Moffett in St. Louis. There he met and prevailed on his brother Sam to go to his new home with him. They left Saint Louis on the 18 of July on the Sioux City, for St. Joe.
There they took passage in the overland coach a mail conveyance which began to run daily between St. Joe Missouri and Sacramento California.

They left St. Joe, on the 26 of July, arrived in Carson City, Nevada Territory on the 14 of Au. 1700 miles from St. Joe, and 580 miles west of Great Salt Lake City.

M. E. Clemens

It is unfortunate that the note book consists so largely of mere chronology. Of Orion's experiences in Muscatine there is practically no mention, nor of the reason for the removal to Keokuk. The reader may surmise that Molly's long illness in the spring of 1855 made her anxious to be near her parents again, and so, when a business opportunity in the form of a printing shop appeared in Keokuk, Orion at once accepted.
But there was probably another reason why Clemens was glad to move to Keokuk. That very summer the Gate City saw the beginning of the biggest boom in its history. Property suddenly rose to fabulous prices, and the town went wild in an orgy of buying and selling lots. Within a year the population almost doubled. Strangers from abroad came in hordes. Speculators in real estate crowded the hotels and street corners. So permanent did the era of prosperity seem to be that by the summer of 1856 the newspapers of Keokuk were extending condolences to the neighboring towns for their sad lack of progress. Even St. Louis stood in danger of a eclipse.

Something of the exultation and vast pride in the city's growth is shown in the item that announced Orion Clemens's purchase of the printing office. "We are informed that Messrs. Ogden and Delaplain have sold out their job office to Mr. O. Clemens of Muscatine. Mr. Clemens is not blind to the advantages and prospects of Keokuk. Wonder if there 'ain't' a number of such persons of that place, and also at Burlington, who would come here if they could. 'One horse towns' won't win in this age of railroads and steam. Men who would thrive must be in a thriving place."

Mark Twain, who worked with Orion at the Ben Franklin Print Shop during these boom years, reports that Orion did not thrive, however, on account of his lack of business sense which resulted in the failure that overtook him in 1857. Molly merely records the event. It would be unfair to accept Twain's indictment at face value, however, for his own lamentable lack of business acumen is a matter of common knowledge, and he fails to add the significant fact that Orion's failure came during the great slump of 1857 when the boom utterly collapsed and left Keokuk gasping at the suddenness and extent of the catastrophe.

The note book item of the birth of Jennie will remind old friends of the Clemens family in Keokuk of the mute pathos of an empty little rocking chair. Jennie died in Nevada Territory on February 1, 1864. At the time of her death she was only eight years of age. For forty years afterward, up to the time of Molly's death, the little girl's chair was kept in the living room of the Clemens home.

Those familiar with Mark Twain's Autobiography will have no difficulty in identifying "the large amount of mountain land" which Orion and Molly went to see in the fall of 1857. This enormous tract of land, comprising seventy-five thousand acres, had been purchased by Orion's father in the hope that some day it would bring fabulous wealth to his children. It actually became, instead, the worry of three generations. Once, in the early days, when Orion was Territorial Secretary, a development scheme that promised large returns was about to be consummated. It involved the importation of wine growers and wine-makers from Europe, and settling them on the land. All that was needed was Orion's signature. But Orion, opposed to the liquor interests, refused to become a party to the scheme and so the project was abandoned. Many years later Mark Twain, speaking of the land, said that it had been created under a misapprehension, that his father had loaded himself up with it under a misapprehension, that he had unloaded it upon his children under a misapprehension, and that he himself should be glad to be rid of the accumulated misapprehensions as soon as possible.

Of the death of Henry Clemens, Molly's account agrees in detail with that given by Sam. He was three years younger than Sam and a favorite with all the members of the Clemens family. In 1853 he had gone up to Muscatine with Orion, and while there had worked as a clerk in Burnett's book store. Later he had followed Orion to Keokuk and had become a printer's apprentice in his shop. After Orion's failure in 1857, Henry had gone on the river with Sam. He was a clean, good-looking boy, and so generally beloved that Sam was often jealous of him, though he, too, loved him deeply as his wildly pathetic letter to Molly shows, written when Henry was dying.

Orion's appointment as Secretary of Nevada Territory was a political plum, a doubtful boon when first presented, but a position which might have proved exceedingly desirable had Orion played his cards right. He had received the post for his energetic support of Lincoln's first candidacy in a stumping tour of northern Missouri. Judge Edward Bates of St. Louis, who secured him the appointment, was an old friend.

For five years Orion prospered. Then the Territory became a State. At the first election he announced his candidacy for the office of Secretary of State. But at the last moment, according to Mark Twain, when there was no doubt of his nomination, he suddenly took it into his head not to go near the convention because his presence there might be an unfair and improper influence. This, together with the fact that he just as suddenly changed to an unfriendly attitude toward whisky in a country where whisky was popular, was enough to eliminate him. Having lost his political job he was forced to turn to law for a livelihood. In 1866 he returned to the Mississippi Valley, never to become a candidate for office again.

Literary Apprenticeship

None of the gossip touching Orion Clemens is more intriguing than that which associates him with authorship. Many are the stories of his habit of secluding himself for days in a little room in the upper part of the house and laboring over great heaps of manuscript. But what the nature of this manuscript was not even the nearest neighbors seem to have known. In general the impression was that Orion was writing fiction, but since nothing appeared in the magazines under his name, the belief finally became established that he was writing under a pseudonym. Had gossip stopped there, it would have been at least within hailing distance of probability. But curiously enough a new impression began to gain currency, namely, that Orion Clemens was not only writing fiction, but that he had a hand in writing some of Mark Twain's best books.

How much of truth lies at the foundation of such gossip is pretty much a matter of record. Of immediate interest are the definitely tangible evidences of Orion's attempts at literary expression. That he entertained through the years an ambition for excellence in writing is unquestionable.

The earliest piece of writing from the hand of Orion Clemens is a letter still preserved in the old files of the Muscatine Journal of 1854. It is dated March 10th from Hannibal, Missouri, where he had gone, presumably on business. Only an extract is given below - a description of his trip down the river on the steamboat - but the attempt at literary effectiveness is obvious.

    On Tuesday night, pale-faced Fog, that white robed messenger of Delay stealthily crept around our boat like a winding sheet. It spread out from shore to shore; it hid the river; it stole upon the deck; it hovered over the boat;  it wreathed up between the chimneys; it was everywhere, gently whispering " Stop!" The Captain obeyed this  noiseless, but superior power. Thus the wide world over, firm gentleness is always powerful.
    After several hours the fog sailed off, leaving air, woods, and water clear. Then the McKee's head was turned downstream, and she was soon again pushing on toward Montrose. But ere long we were obliged to encounter another opponent. The wind rushed against our boat, shrieking and howling; threatening to throw down our chimneys, or lift off the cabin. It tossed the water into large waves, and at every stroke of the paddle-wheels it roared "Stop!" The Captain obeyed this boisterous superior power. Thus the wide world over, what gentleness fails to accomplish, force must.

A more widely known bit of writing, especially to Iowans, is Orion Clemens's brief "History of the Half Breed Tract". It was written in 1856 and served, quite appropriately, as introductory matter for his Directory of Keokuk, the first directory ever made for that city. The history is compact, clear, and excellently written, and serves as an indication of Orion's possibilities in literary Craftsmanship.

Whether in the early years Orion and Sam wrote each other occasional "literary" letters can only be conjectured, but certain it is that each was conscious of the good qualities in the letters of the other. Orion sensed Sam's descriptive talent as early as 1853 when he printed in the Muscatine Journal a portion of a letter from his younger brother, describing in great detail the water-works at Fairmont Park, Philadelphia, and immediately invited him to correspond regularly for the Muscatine paper.

And likewise, a few years later, Sam expressed his admiration for a letter he has just received from Orion. "It reminds me strongly", he wrote, "of Tom Hood's letters to his family....But yours only remind me of his, for although there is a striking likeness, your humor is much finer than his, and far better expressed. Tom Hood's wit, (in his letters) has a savor of labor about it which is very disagreeable. Your letter is good. That portion of it wherein the old sow figures is the very best thing that I have seen lately. Its quiet style resembles Goldsmith's ''Citizens of the World,' and 'Don Quixote,' - which are my beau ideals of fine writing."

Again in 1871 Sam commended Orion for his writing. At the time Orion was the editor of the Publisher, a Hartford, Connecticut, newspaper, while Sam was still in the flush of nation-wide popularity as the author of Innocents Abroad. What it was that Orion had written is not apparent, nor is it a matter of particular importance. More significant is the fact that the younger brother, then a recognized craftsman, was pleased with Orion's efforts as a writer.

Some months before this, Mark Twain had contracted to produce a new book. Naturally the publishers wanted something in the nature of travel literature to follow up the phenomenal success of Innocents Abroad . Twain did not have long to hunt for suitable material. Ten years previously he had made a thrilling trip overland in a stagecoach from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Carson City, Nevada Territory. The occasion of the trip was Orion's appointment as Territorial Secretary, and his journey west to fill the office. Sam, it will be remembered, accompanied Orion, acting, in a measure, as secretary to the Secretary.  But since Sam had made the trip in a free spirit of adventure, he had taken no notes. Now, although his general impressions of the experience were vivid enough, he lacked detail. The new book had to be out in six months.

There was nothing to do but to write to Orion in the hope that he might be able to send a page of notes with the names of places where they had stopped, the names of people they had met, and such incidents and adventures on the trip as he might recall. Orion rummaged around and finally produced a little memorandum book that he had kept on the journey. It contained in abundance just the sort of material that Mark Twain wanted but had despaired of finding. He was greatly delighted, for Orion's help would simplify his labors immensely. In return for this aid he promised Orion one of the first thousand dollar installments that should come to him from his publisher. Such, as far as the records show, was the nature and extent of Orion's collaboration in the volume that was later called Roughing It, and there is little reason to believe that here or elsewhere was his aid more extensive or more direct.

Mark Twain's meteoric rise in literature during the seventies must have produced in Orion an eager desire to try his hand at the same sort of career. He undoubtedly felt that he could write as well as Sam, but that Sam, like occasional prospectors he had known in Nevada, had struck a good lead and had suddenly become rich. In Mark Twain's letters of this period are frequent indications that Orion had sent him bundles of manuscript hoping to get the benefit of his brother's criticism and the stimulation of his suggestions. Unfortunately these contributions from Orion reached Twain at unhappy moments. In fact most moments were unhappy for this sort of business, for during those years Twain was in a frenzy of work and the least distraction irritated him.

But occasionally he took time off and wrote to Orion at considerable length. In one of these letters the fact is revealed that Orion had been piling up manuscript on an ambitious burlesque of Jules Verne. Twain's comment seems sound, but the tone of it unpleasantly impatient. He objects to two hell scenes, which Orion apparently had treated at great length, on the ground of indiscreet manipulation. Next he proceeds to warn Orion that a novice can not hope to do what a seasoned writer like himself has been laboring for years to achieve.

The same letter instructs Orion how to get into print and recalls the gossip about Orion's use of a nom de plume. "If the N. Y. Weekly people know you are my brother, they will turn that fact into an advertisement - a thing valuable to them, but not to you and me. This must be prevented. I will write them a note to say you have a friend near Keokuk, Charles S. Miller, who has a MS for sale which you think is a pretty clever travesty of Verne; and if they want it they might write to him in your care.  Then if any correspondence ensues between you and them, let Molly write for you and sign your name - your own handwriting representing Miller's. Keep yourself out of sight till you make a strike on your own merits." It is not likely that Orion acted upon his brother's suggestion. The modifications suggested by Twain would have involved tremendous labor even if he had had the heart to do it. But it is probable that the letter discouraged him and that he gave up the project altogether.

When Kipling visited America for the first time in 1889, he called at Elmira, New York, to pay his respects to Mark Twain.  The conversation between the two men finally turned upon autobiography and the possibility of a man sticking rigidly to the facts when writing about himself. "I made an experiment once," said Twain. "I got a friend of mine - a man painfully given to speak the truth on all occasions - a man who wouldn't dream of telling a lie - and I made him write his autobiography for his amusement and mine. He did it. The manuscript would have made an octavo volume, but - good honest man that he was - in every single detail of his life that I knew about he turned out, on paper, a formidable liar."

The author of that autobiography was Orion Clemens, and as far as can be ascertained it was the very last ambitious piece of literary work he at tempted. It was also unquestionably his best. In the earlier stages of its composition Mark Twain not only spoke of it as model biography but was so enthusiastic that he sent portions of it to William Dean Howells, then editor of the Atlantic Monthly, with a view to its publication in that magazine. Howells read the manuscript, but so soul-revealing were many passages that he felt haggard when he had finished and could not consent to publish it. It was all of two thousand pages in length. The best parts, according to Howells, were those that dealt with his illustrious brother. These, he believed, would eventually be valuable for their biographical information about Mark Twain, a prediction which proved correct, for Paine admits that he found the manuscript almost indispensable for an adequate treatment of Twain's early life.

Practically nothing of Orion Clemens's extensive literary effort now exists. At least little is accessible. At Orion's death, according to relatives of the family, most of his papers were boxed and shipped East at Twain's request. Paine claims it was Mark Twain's wish that most of them should be destroyed, and is of the opinion that they have been. Such odds and ends as remain are deep in the dusty obscurity of a safe deposit and are not available. What a deal of interest many Iowans would find in a glimpse at those papers!

Adrift for Heresy

Orion Clemens's desire for public recognition manifested itself no less picturesquely in matters of religion than in matters of politics. To Mark Twain, far removed and feverishly engaged in his own projects, literary and otherwise, the incidents that featured Orion's progress toward agnosticism must have been perplexing indeed. Aware of the major events which marked this progress, he did not understand, and probably never troubled himself to discover the precise nature of Orion's attitude toward orthodoxy. All he could see was that "Orion is a field which grows richer and richer the more he mulches it with each new topdressing of religion or other guano."

As a matter of fact Orion was always unwaveringly religious, and the topdressings were not so much mulches as manifestations of Orion's vital religious experience. He sought to satisfy his religious nature by church membership. For many years he was a member of the Presbyterian church, having united with that denomination in 1864 while he was Secretary of Nevada Territory. He not only belonged to the church, but was, in Keokuk, one of its most active members. Yet from the first he was not fundamentally orthodox. It is true that he supported the church faithfully, for he looked upon it as an institution capable of great good, but he questioned some of the principles upon which it professed to offer salvation.

If the impulse came to Orion in the earlier years to give public expression to his views, the straight laced orthodoxy of his mother and the desire for social tranquillity on the part of his wife must have restrained him. By 1876, however, it appears that Orion was no longer inclined to remain silent. The occasion which prompted the explanation and defense of his faith is not now known, but the following letter to his mother is entirely creditable to Orion. It shows not only the orderliness of his thinking, despite the phrenology, but a fine and sensitive nature as well.

    Keokuk, Aug. 10, 1876.

My dear mother:
    It grieves me to see you and Mollie so distressed over a difference of opinion. It is not as if I believed in crime; it is merely that I question that certain facts reported to have occurred a long time ago really occurred. There is nothing in this to indicate depravity. But if I profess to believe certain facts to have taken place when I  do not believe it - this is hypocrisy in religion. A hypocrite who is right by accident in his profession is worse  than one who honestly professes wrong views, for he is merely wrong by accident - the accident of a wrong mental  vision. Belief in the facts recorded in the old and new testament, may grow out of a combination of circumstances, both outside of and inside of the mind. These operating together through a long series of years, mentally acquire a consistency, a complexion, and an aspect as peculiar to the individual, and as distinctly marking him, as the circumstances of shape, exposure and age, mark, tan, or freckle, and wrinkle the face of an individual, so that he can be like himself and no other. For instance, it is now impossible for you to believe in the Catholic religion. You once had the power, if you had properly cultivated it, but it is now lost. So you may put your finger on Catholics who have similarly lost the power, which they all had in greater or less degree  when young to believe in Christianity. This formation of a believing character is the work of books, of association,and  of phrenological bumps, taking those bumps as insignia of separate faculties of the brain. Do not  misunderstand  what I say. Do not suppose that I allude to anything occurring to myself in childhood. The books I had and the  influences around me were towards belief in all that is in both the old and new testament.
    But I am thankful that I  have always felt free, whatever I might openly say, to think and read on both sides of  any question which was  sufficiently supplied with two sides to become a question. It thus happens that in the exercise an unchained,  God-given freedom, I have looked at both sides, and ventured to question what was backed by insufficient evidence. In doing this I cast aside the mere characteristics that might have adhered to  me merely because I brushed past them in life, and have thought upon the subject. Hence, I say there are some things in the old and new testament concerning which I cannot say "I believe," because the evidence has not been sufficient to command my belief.
    I do not necessarily throw aside belief in God or a future state. I only question whether God and the future have been interpreted to us aright. I fear that we have in those venerable books but the works of successive ages, each of which has said - Let us make God in our image. If we study the character of Moses, and the character of God interpreted by Moses, we find the two characters agree at every point. Moses passed in and out among the idolaters, saying "Let every man slay his brother, and there fell that day three thousand." God commanded Moses to leave not one inhabitant of Canaan alive. We find the characters, both of God and Moses, as developed in the early history of the Jews, precisely agreeing.
    When Christ came, his character and that of God precisely agreed, and were both at all points antagonistic to the characters of Moses and of the God whom he depicts. Can Christ himself have been a God whose character should have totally changed in a few thousand years? How much more reverent to God to suppose that the change was in man and not in Him! The change in the character of God marks the progress of man through the centuries, for, as he was himself he painted God. As Moses was, a barbarian, with a powerful fraternal and national love, to the scorn of all other nations, and all other rights of man, he made God, an enlarged, but exact image of himself - a magnified photograph. Barbarism was at its end when Christ came to lead the van of a civilization founded on love and self-sacrifice for others, for which I sincerely love and adore him. But the    photograph of God copied from himself is the civilized man's God, and not the Barbarian's.
    Let us be thankful for the Christian religion, for our hopes of a future, and for all we are taught in the Bible, without being compelled to believe that Christ, who taught us to love one another, was the God who taught the Jews to hate and murder and rob their neighbors.
    Our cow had a little calf yesterday afternoon. I have to feed it with a bottle.
    Glad to hear Annie and the baby are doing so well, and that Sammie has gone into Greek.


Holding such opinions, it is evident from what followed that Orion voiced them from time to time until finally he was "earnestly counseled and repeatedly besought by the Presbyterian session not to give utterance to these views. "

Early in May, 1879, affairs culminated in an episode still memorable to the older people of Keokuk. On the evening of May 6th Orion engaged himself for a lecture at Red Ribbon Hall, the subject of the lecture being "Man the Architect of Our Religion". Members of the Presbyterian session must have suspected what the nature of his remarks would be, for several of them were in the audience that night with pencil and pad to record the heresies of their church brother.

That was on Monday night. The very next day Orion received a citation from the session to appear before it and answer the charges preferred against him. A copy of the charges was appended to the citation in order that the matter might be heard and immediately decided. Orion acknowledged acceptance the same day, and on Wednesday evening he presented himself at the pastor's study where the session was assembled. In addition to Doctor W. G. Craig, the pastor, there were in the room P. T. Lomax, clerk of session, George B. Smyth, prosecutor, and four others who had attended the lecture and upon whose testimony the charges had been drawn up. In brief the charges were as follows:

First, that he denied the presence of the supernatural in the Old Testament scriptures by asserting that the last six commandments of the decalogue were moral rules, always practiced by mankind, the formal statement of which was like naming a river for a mountain.

Second, that he denied the doctrine of the church that the Old Testament scriptures are the inspired word of God, by asserting that inspiration is simply a higher development of thought in a special direction, or a dream; that there was nothing in the Old Testament indicating a belief of its writers that any thing thought, said, or done in this life would affect the condition of the soul in the life to come, and that Abraham was a sun and fire worshiper.

Third, that he had avowed sentiments contrary to the fundamental doctrines of the Presbyterian church in that he had denied the divinity of Christ and the sanctity of the Sabbath day.

The four witnesses were then called upon to testify what they had heard Orion say and what they had understood him to mean. The charges were repeated with greater elaboration. Presently the moderator asked Orion, "Did you feel impelled by a sense of duty and privilege to give public utterance to these views ?"
"Yes," replied Orion. "I consider it the duty of every man to think soberly upon these subjects, to make up his views satisfactorily to himself and then express them to others, in order that if he be in error he may be corrected and the truth reached through free, full and open discussion."
"Were you earnestly counseled and repeatedly besought by the session not to give utterance to these views?"
"I was."
" Do you understand the views enunciated in your lecture and freely expressed here to be directly contrary to the fundamental teaching of the Presbyterian church?"
"I do."
"Have we, the session, according to our best ability, sought to resolve your doubts?"
"You have sought to resolve my doubts. You will have to judge as to the best of your ability."
"That is a correct answer."

Two days later Orion was apprised of the decision of the session when he received through the mail a notice of excommunication. It read as follows:

    Mr. Orion Clemens:

    Dear Sir - I have to inform you that the session on Wednesday evening last, unanimously found you guilty under the charges tabled against you, and their sentence was that you should therefore be excommunicated from the church, and said excommunication be pronounced at morning service on Sabbath next.

    Very respectfully,
    P. T. Lomax, clerk of session.

That Orion Clemens was sufficiently curious to attend Presbyterian services the next Sunday to hear Doctor Craig's sermon, adapted to the occasion, and to listen to the formal announcement of his excommunication is extremely doubtful. Had he been there he would have heard the minister narrate the steps leading to the excommunication, showing the authority of the church to cast out unworthy members, pointing out the nature, use, and consequence of the censure, and finally he would have heard him warn the congregation to avoid all unnecessary intercourse with Clemens that they might not be contaminated by his opinions.

But Orion Clemens was apparently undaunted. On Monday the local papers informed the public that "Orion Clemens will repeat his lecture on 'Man the Architect of Our Religion', at Red Ribbon Hall, on Monday evening May 19. Admission 25 cents.' In view of the fact that the first lecture was given with free admission, it would be interesting to know whose idea it was to have the lecture repeated and to charge admission. Perhaps Orion was not quite so destitute of business acumen after all.

In the meantime the newspapers printed contributions of people commending Clemens for his frank expression of opinion. "Is it wise," asked one person addressing himself to the church, "to so commit yourself to any religious creed that you expel really honest and worthy men from your church simply because their thinking has been too free? Should not character and character alone, be the test of church membership?"

Whether or not Doctor Craig's warning against contamination actually served as a deterrent, the fact remains that despite the publicity which Orion Clemens received in the newspapers the second lecture was not well attended. In closing, Orion referred briefly to his expulsion from the church. He claimed that no attempt had been made to refute his statements, but that the session had merely determined that he had formed incorrect conclusions from his materials owing to his weakness of mind, and that because of that weakness he was accused of heresy and sent where he would catch worse than a sick headache. As a parting shot he said he did not desire to advise people not to associate with Doctor Craig, but trusted that every one would associate with him as heretofore.

If Orion Clemens ventured again to express his religious opinions publicly, it is not a matter of record.

The Closing Years
Orion Clemens was well over fifty before the hope of achieving more than local distinction or of earning a comfortable competence for himself definitely waned. He had tried business and had failed, and politics and lecturing and authorship. To each of these in turn he had brought much industry and enthusiasm. But somehow, though success often hovered at his very finger tips, the consummation of it always eluded his grasp just when he seemed most likely to attain it.

How far the causes for Orion's failures were the result of his own deficiencies of character and personality it is difficult to say.  If Mark Twain's presentation of his older brother may be trusted the answer is not difficult to find, for his letters to Howells and his Autobiography supply not only an elaborate catalogue of Orion's follies and vagaries, but many references to his capricious and ill-regulated mind and to his instability of character in all matters save those touching his fundamental principles.  It is true that now and again Sam expressed an appreciation of the fine qualities of Orion's character, and recognized the fact that Providence and unfavorable circumstances too frequently interfered with his success. Yet far oftener he was brutally disparaging.

But it would be unsafe to rely upon Sam's estimate of Orion. Although Mark Twain's spirit may have been of the very fabric of truth so far as moral intent was concerned, he made no real pretense to accuracy in his earlier autobiographic writings, while in later years an ever vivid imagination and a capricious memory made history difficult, even when his effort was in the direction of fact.

Furthermore, it is well to remember that Mark Twain had very little direct knowledge of Orion's later years. He knew of some of his plans and ambitions, for of these Orion had written Sam unreservedly. And he knew of some of his disappointments.  But he did not know, and could not know at a distance, of the growing beauty of Orion's character. Only the people of Keokuk knew that, his neighbors and friends who saw daily evidences of it. For it appears that as Orion's long-cherished ambitions died out, his nature, always genial and kindly, developed in these qualities until during the closing years his person came to be regarded in Keokuk as a symbol of cheerful contentment and the virtues of charity, optimism, and good humor.

Many people still remember those last kindly years of Orion's life. "I boarded in Orion's home for a number of years and my association with him and his wife was very close", writes Jesse Benjamin, formerly of Keokuk and now of Washington, D. C.  "I was well acquainted with his and Twain's mother; Orion and Molly commenced keeping friendly roomers soon after the mother's death. I took the rooms formerly occupied by her. A little later, they commenced boarding us, - the widowed wife of our former Congregational minister, his daughter, and myself. Some ' pinch' seemed to prompt this, tho their sensitiveness about it was covered in the rare home spirit in which we tried to help them."

Others speak of Orion's devotion to his mother and of his fond care for her in those last years when the infirmities of life rested heavily upon her. Her child-like mind frequently made her, it is said, a difficult taskmaster, but if Orion ever displayed impatience or uttered an unkind word, the memory of it has entirely faded from the minds of those friends who were privileged with more than casual glimpses into Orion's home life.

Something of the affection old friends had for Orion and Molly Clemens is reflected in the following poem, the unknown author of which was one of the guests at the occasion of their fortieth wedding anniversary in 1894. The poet announces in a little prefatory note that "the many who have enjoyed the hospitality of that home will find my title a sufficient identity." Orion's well-known love for sugar in his coffee and the allusion in the last stanza to "the bride left by the way" serve as a further means of identification, while the whole poem expresses the kindly, whimsical good nature that was personified in the character of Orion Clemens.

                                The Keokuk Pilgrim

                            Put in a heaping spoonful, now, -
                                You needn't stir it up,
                             For you know I like the sugar
                               At the bottom of the cup.
                              It somehow so reminds me
                               As I sip my coffee, wife,
                           Of the sweet found near the bottom
                               Of the bitter cup of life.

                           Forty years since first you sugared
                              My morning cup for me, -
                           Forty years since first you sweetened
                               The days then yet to be.
                               Put in another spoonful,
                              And, while I drink it low, -
                           Our minds will watch life's phantoms
                             As they swiftly come and go.

                             Forty years! I can remember, -
                            Not much, though I'll be blessed,
                            About that day, - except I know
                            How queerly you were dressed.
                             Queer as dress in these days -
                            A big sleeved, low necked gown,
                            With waves and bands and folds
                             Of white and gold and brown.

                             Of myself I don't remember -
                               Forgetfulness is kind;
                              few points have, however,
                              Been kept green in my mind.
                            I'd forget, though, if you'd let me,
                              How on our wedding day,
                             I started for my honey-moon
                               My bride left by the way.

Orion Clemens died on December 11, 1897, aged seventy-two years. He had got up early in the morning, as was his custom, to build a fire in the kitchen stove. The end came quietly while he was waiting for the house to warm and was in the act of jotting down some notes on a brief for a case then pending in court.

His passing was deeply mourned. Newspapers from Muscatine to St. Louis noted his death and gave tribute to his lovable character. Typical of such tributes is that of the Reverend W. L. Byers, of the Congregational church, an old friend of the Clemens family. "I knew him for a genial, happy, kind-hearted man who said no ill word, did no wanton unkindness, and who went through the world making it brighter....What worry he had he locked in his own breast and gave to his fellows only and ever a smile and a sunny word. He was the man who walked through the snow to buy wheat for the sparrows when the days were cold and bleak. That is the parable of what he was at home and everywhere. "

Mark Twain was in Vienna when the cablegram announcing Orion's death reached him. That night he penned Molly the note which follows. It was undoubtedly sincere, even in its utter pessimism, and many of his friends wish that it might have stood as Twain's final expression concerning that unique and lovable character.

    Hotel Metropole
    Vienna, Dec. 11/97.

    Dear Molly:
    It is 10 in the evening. We sent you our cablegram of sympathy half an hour ago & it is in your hands by this
    time, in the wintry mid-afternoon of the heaviest day you have known since we saw Jenny escape from this life
    thirty-three years ago, & were then too ignorant to rejoice at it.
    We all grieve for you; our sympathy goes out to you from experienced hearts, & with it our love; & with Orion,
    & for Orion I rejoice. He has received life's best gift.
    He was good - all good, and sound; there was nothing bad in him, nothing base, nor any unkindness. It was
    unjust that such a man, against whom no offence could be charged, should have been sentenced to live 72
    years.    It was beautiful, the patience with which he bore it.
    The bitterness of death - that is for the survivors, and bitter beyond all words, it is. We hunger for Susy, we
    suffer & pine for her; & if by asking I could bring her back, I could stoop to that treachery, so weak am I, & so
    selfish are we all. But she & Orion are at peace, & no loyal friend should wish to disturb them in their high
    I & all of us offer to you what little we have - our love & our compassion.


Comment by the Editor

In a small "book and job printing" shop on the third floor of a building at 52 Main Street the first General Directory of the Citizens of Keokuk was compiled and published by Orion Clemens in 1856. It was a credit to the shop and to the city.  Printed clearly from clean type on fine rag paper, the directory was a good example of commercial printing at that time. And  after nearly three quarters of a century the paper is still white and soft and the ink is as black as ever. Orion Clemens had a right to be proud of the contents, typography, make up, and press work.   Besides containing a list of Keokuk residents (though very few women were mentioned), the directory was prefaced with a "Sketch of the Black Hawk War and History of the Half Breed Tract" and included statistics of commercial prosperity as well as the inaugural address of Mayor Samuel R. Curtis. Despite a seductive title, as long as the name of a Puritan theological dissertation, the supplementary material in the directory was reasonably conservative and entirely dignified.

Mr. Clemens's history was accurate and fair, while the optimistic implications of remarkable business developments were balanced by the sound policies of Mayor Curtis who curbed his municipal vision with sensible circumspection. Indeed, so much care was taken to avoid exaggeration and "tell the plain, simple truth, without any varnish at all" that the publisher was criticised for making the list of civic improvements five hundred per cent too small. Nevertheless people bought enough directories at a dollar a copy and advertisers contributed sufficient life-blood to justify a bigger and better Business Mirror in 1857.

While Orion Clemens was adventuring on the perilous frontier of book publishing, his younger brothers, Henry and Sam, bore the burden of the job work. One night Mark Twain (to be) stood manfully at his "little press until nearly 2 o'clock" while the "flaring gas light" over his head "attracted all the varieties of bugs which are to be found in natural history". What he thought at first was only a local bug picnic turned out to be a gigantic entomological mass meeting. A venerable beetle that occupied a prominent position on his head sounded the key note of a grand chorus sung by 47,000 mosquitoes (treble), 23,000 house flies (alto), 32,000 locusts (tenor), and 97,000 pinch bugs (bass). The next morning Sam combed 976 beetles out of his hair, "every one of whose throats was stretched wide open, for their gentle spirits had passed away while yet they sang".

THE PALIMPSEST- Copyright 1929 by the State Historical Society of Iowa
Vol. X - Issued in October 1929 - No. 10 - pp. 353-388 Edited by John Ely Briggs

CLENDENEN, John W., farmer, Sec. 9; P.O. Sweetland Center; born in Mercer Co., Penn, Feb 18, 1839; came to Muscatine Co. with his parents in 1845; has been twice married; present wife was Mrs. Mary Montgomery; born in Belmont Co., Ohio, Feb. 12, 1847; Mr. C's parents settled near his present residence; remained there until their death.  Mr. and Mrs. Clendenen are members of the Friends' Church.  Mr. C. owns fifty-one acres of land, and has ever been identified with the Democratic party.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 Sweetland Twp.

CLOUD, DAVID C., attorney and counselor at law, Muscatine; is a native of Champaign, Ohio; born Jan. 22, 1817; he is the fourth child of a family of fourteen children, ten still living; David C. lived on his father's farm until 16 years of age, when he was apprenticed to learn the bookbinder's trade; after six months he gave it up, and was apprenticed to the carpenter's trade, where he served the regular time; shortly after this, in 1839, he removed to Muscatine, Iowa, where he has since resided; after working at his trade for two years, he decided to study law, and all of his energies were directed toward this result; he procured the necessary books and pursued his studies for five years, while working at his trade, when, after a strict examination, he was admitted to the bar in 1845, and engaged in the practice of his profession; during 1851 and 1852, he held the position of Prosecuting Attorney for Muscatine Co., and was afterward elected the first Attorney General of the State of Iowa, on the Democratic ticket; he held this office for four years; he was elected to the State Legislature and served during the winter of 1856-57; since then he has devoted himself exclusively to his profession and to literature; he is the author of the law on the Iowa statute books, which makes railroad corporations liable for all deaths caused or damage done by them in the prosecution of their business, and he has, during his career as a lawyer, tried over two hundred cases against railroads, and  has recovered more damages against railroad corporations than perhaps any attorney in the Northwest.  In politics, he was raised a Democrat; he was a member of the convention that nominated Lincoln to the Presidency, and during the war he was a stanch supporter of the Government; during the progress of the war, he wrote a book, entitled "The War Powers of the President", taking strong ground in favor of the administration; in 1874, he published his work entitled "Monopolies and the People", which had a circulation of over ten thousand copies, and it received high commendation from the press throughout the country.  In 1839, he married Miss Annetta Dibble, of Columbus, Ohio, who died in 1846; in 1848, he married Mrs. Miranda H. Morrow, widow of the late Dr. James G. Morrow, of Muscatine, and the daughter of William R. Olds, Esq., of Bennington, Vt; by whom he has two children--a son and a daughter; his son, George W., is associated with him in the practice of law; the daughter, Annie, is unmarried.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

COBB, DR. S.M., physician and surgeon; is a native of Maine, and was born Feb. 4, 1819; he was brought up in York Co., and received his education there, then studied medicine and graduated from the Medical School of Maine, at Bowdoin College, in the spring of 1852, and engaged in the practice of medicine.  He married Miss Mary G. Bradbury, a native of Maine, in July, 1845; she died in December, 1851; he married Miss H.S. Mitchell, a native of York Co., Me., in December, 1852.  In June, 1856, he came to Iowa and located at Osage, Mitchell Co.; after practicing medicine there for four years, he came to Muscatine in 1860, and since then has practiced his profession here; in September, 1862, he was appointed Assistant Surgeon of the 35th Regt. I.V.I.; the following year, he was commissioned Surgeon; remained with the regiment until the close of the war, and was mustered out Aug. 10, 1865; he holds the office of Pension Examining Surgeon.  He has four children---Ella T., Cassius M., Dana W. and Lucilla M.; lost one son in infancy, Alden R.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

COCKSHOOT, Luke, far., Sec. 17; P.O. Wilton; was born in Manchester, England, March 22, 1801; lived on a farm unitl 14 or 15 years of age, when he was apprenticed to a velvet-maker, with whom he remained for six years, receiving as a compensation for his services one-half of all he made.  He then married Margaret Manchester, who was  born in Manchester, England, in 1807, and soon after, emigrated to America, Columbiana Co, Penn., where he taught country school in the Scotch settlements for five years; thence to Pittsburgh, where he engaged in the merchantile business for fifteen years in the same store; in the spring of 1856, they came to Iowa, this county, and settled where he now resides; and owns 360 acres of land, valued at $55 an acre, having, on first coming to Iowa, acted as Government Land Agent and entered a great amount of land in this and other counties.  They have three children, all born in Pittsburgh--Mary is the wife of Obed Vandike, of Tama Co., a farmer; Andrew and James Townly are at home.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Wilton Twp.

COE, J.E., of the firm of Demorest & Coe, booksellers and stationers, Muscatine, was born in Knox Co, Ill. Nov. 24, 1840; he lived there until 16 years of age; came to Muscatine in 1856; upon the breaking-out of the war, in 1861, he enlisted in Co. H, 11th Regiment I.V.I.; he was in the battle of Shiloh, siege of Corinth, and in all the battles of the regiment; he was taken prisoner at the battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864; was a prisoner five months in Andersonville, Florence and Charleston, and was then exchanged; after the war, he returned home and associated with Mr. Demorest, his brother in law, in the book and stationery business.  He married Miss Ella Mason, a native of Pennsylvania, Sept. 5, 1865; they have two children--Jessie and Lida.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

COLLINS, Samuel, farmer, Sec. 19;  P.O. Letts; was born in New Jersey in 1824; his parents, John and Mary Collins, removed from New Jersey to Dayton, Ohio.  He married, in 1847, Mary J. Irvin, a native of Ohio, born in 1829. They came to Muscatine Co. in 1855, and settled on the present farm in 1856.  They have seven children--Annabelle, Mary E., Luella, Ida, William, Edward and Eva; lost one child--Laura J.  His father, John Collins, came to Muscatine Co. in march 1852; his wife died in May, 1844; he lives with his son Samuel.  Mr. Collins has been Assessor of Seventy-six Tp. about thirteen years.  Members of the M.E. Church.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 page 653, Seventy-Six Township

COMER,  Sam., farmer, Sec. 4; P. O. Moscow; son of John and Anna Comer, born Oct. 10, 1829, in Wayne Co., Ohio; in the spring of 1850, went to California by overland route; followed mining till 1852, when he returned; came to Muscatine Co., Iowa, and entered land in this township; in the spring of 1863, went to Montana Territory, returned in 1865, and moved into Cedar Co.; returned to this township in 1868, and onto his present farm in 1873, which contains 220 acres, valued at $35 per acre.  Married Elizabeth Ludlow Sept. 28, 1858; she was born April 3, 1839, in Wayne Co., Ind., and died March 20,  1861, leaving one son---Ernest, now also deceased; Mr. C. again married, Dec. 16, 1865, Mrs. Martha M. Ludlow, maiden name Baxter, sister to Dr. W. H. Baxter of Wilton; children by second marriage are---John J., William H., Orphena B., and Mary M.; lost three---Blanche M., Artie E., and Robert. Mr. C's father died in February, 1862, and wife's father, James Baxter, in 1857. Democrat.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CONE, ARISTARCHUS, farmer, Sec. 24; P.O. Letts; was born in Middlesex Co., Conn., in 18185; he left home in 1834, passed some time in Pennsylvania and Ohio; came to Muscatine in 1837, and immediately located  where he now lives, where he has resided for forty-two years.  He married Oct. 7, 1851, Harriet Oaks, a native of Somerset Co., Penn; her parents settled in Muscatine Co. about 1845.  His parents, Newell and Anne Cone, had five children--Albert S., William E., Addison, Aristarchus and Julius; William E. and Addison reside in Connecticut; the others are deceased.  His father died April 19, 1856, and his mother June 9, 1860.  Mr. Cone is County Supervisor; has served in that capacity seven years; was clerk of the first election held in what was known as Storm's Precinct, which embraced about one-third of Muscatine  Co.; at this election, in August, 1839, only nine votes were polled and five of these by the Judges and Clerks of Election; and in the words of Mr. Cone, "there was a full vote polled";  He was Recorder of Claims for Storm's Precinct from 1837 till the land came into market, which was about 1842  Mr. Cone owns 475 acres of land in Cedar Tp; has also tracts of land in Missouri and Kansas.

Source:  The History of Muscatine County Iowa,  Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 Cedar Twp

CONE, B. S., (Beebe S.)  founder of the town of Conesville and retired farmer; P. 0. Conesville; born June 25, 1812, in North Wilbraham, Mass.; his parents, Jared and Hannah Cone, moved to Harrison Co., Ohio, in 1816, and to Muskingum Co. in 1820, where they both died, mother in 1823, and father in 1856.  Mr. C. married Mr. Lucinda Davison Feb. 4,1836; she was born Dec.11, 1818, in Coshocton Co., Ohio. He first located in Coshocton Co., near the line of Muskingum Co.; was subsequently one of the delegates to a railroad convention for the purpose of inducing the Pan-Handle Railroad Co. to run their road to that point, in which they succeeded, and a town was laid out on Mr. C.'s land and called Conesville; was engaged there in mercantile busi-ness; also proprietor of a line of canal-boats on the Ohio Canal; in the fall of 1854, came to Muscatine Co.; first purchased 840 acres of land in Orono Tp.; was one of the prime movers and workers in securing the location of the C. R. & B. R. R., and now B. C. & N. R. R., through this township; had the management and supervision of grading and tying the road from the Iowa River to the north line of Pike Tp.; in March, 1870, he laid off the town of Conesville, a station having been established here by the railroad company.  Mr. C. was appointed the first Postmaster; he has also served as one of the County Supervisors, Justice of the Peace, etc.; has three children living--William D. (now a physician of this place), James W. (an attorney of Iowa City), and Jared E. (the youngest, at home running the farm).  To the last two sons he has given over his land, containing 1,050 acres, they to take care of him and wife the remainder of their life; had four children deceased--Hannah E., Lucy J., Stewart B. and Arthur E.  Members of the Reformed Church; Republican.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 page 641, Orono Township

CONE,  JAMES W. claims the old Buckeye state as the place of his nativity, having been born in Conesville, Coshocton county, Ohio, on the 4th of December, 1850, and being a son of Beebe S. and  Lucinda D. (Davison) Cone, the former of whom was born in Massachusetts and the latter in Ohio,
while the genealogy is of Scotch and English derivation. The ancestry in the agnatic line is traced in a direct way to Daniel Cone, who came from Edinburg, Scotland, and settled in Haddam, Connecticut, in 1660. Stuart Beebe, the great-grandfather of our subject in the agnatic line, was a soldier in the war of the Revolution, and William Davison, the maternal grandfather, was a major under General William Henry Harrison in the Indian wars in the west, taking part in the memorable battle of Tippecanoe, Indiana, on the 7th of November, 1811, while the sword which he carried is now in the possession of our subject and is treasured as a valuable and interesting heirloom. The maternal ancestors came from England to America in an early day and settled in what is now West Virginia, while both families were numbered among the pioneers in Muskingum and Coshocton counties, Ohio, the town of Conesville being named in honor of the Cone family.

In 1854, when the subject was a child of about four years, his parents removed from Ohio to Muscatine county, Iowa, being numbered among the pioneers of that section of the Hawkeye state, and there Mr. Cone was reared to maturity, receiving his preliminary educational discipline in the public schools, after  which he continued his studies in the Iowa State University, at Iowa City, and being graduated in the law department of this excellent institution as a member of the class of 1873, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws. In the summer of 1872 and the winter of 1874 he devoted his attention to teaching in the public schools, and in March, 1874, having been duly admitted to the bar of the state, he engaged in the practice of his profession in Iowa City, where he remained until 1883, having gained marked prestige in his chosen vocation.

In April of that year he came to Brule county, South Dakota, and settled upon a homestead claim which he had secured in May of the preceding year, and here instituted the reclamation and improvement of the property, while simultaneously he was engaged in practice before the United States land offices in Mitchell and Yankton, thus continuing until 1893, when he removed to Sioux Falls and here compiled a set of abstracts of titles of Minnehaha county, being still engaged in the abstract business and also identified with real estate operations to a considerable extent.

In politics Mr. Cone has ever accorded a staunch allegiance to the Republican party, in whose ranks he has been a zealous and valued worker since coming to what is now the state of South Dakota. He cast his first vote, in Iowa City, in 1872, for General U. S. Grant for president, and his first official identification with political affairs was made in 1875, when he was elected township clerk in Iowa City, by thirty seven majority, the regular Democratic majority in the township being at the time three hundred and fifty. He was a member of the board of commissioners of Brule county, Dakota, in 1884-5-6, and in the last year served as chairman of the board.

Soon after taking up his residence here Mr. Cone became a zealous advocate of the division of the territory and of securing the admission of the two states to the Union, while in 1885, under the constitution of that year, he was chosen a member of the lower house of the legislature and continued to take an active part in the work looking to statehood until the desideratum was an accomplished fact. He was a clerk in the house in the seventeenth and eighteenth general assemblies of the territorial legislature, and upon the organization of the state government, on the 15th of October, 1889, he was chosen chief clerk of the house, being reelected to his position in the second and third sessions, while up to the present time he is the only person who has thus been honored with reelection to the office. In the second session the Democratic and Populist majority in the house was six, and yet he was elected by a majority of one, a fact indicating his personal popularity and the confidence reposed in him by the members of the body, irrespective of partisan affiliations. He served with satisfaction to all during that stormy and somewhat turbulent session, and in the third session he had the further distinction of receiving the vote of every member of the house. He served one term as a member of the board of education in Sioux Falls, declining to become a candidate for a second term

He is prominently identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in which he is past grand, while he is also past master workman in the Ancient Order of United Workmen, which he has represented in the grand lodge of the state. He also holds membership in the Modern Brotherhood of America.

On the 23d of October, 1873, Mr. Cone was united in marriage to Miss Emily M. Staples, who was born in Vergennes, Vermont, on the 26th of October, 1852, being a daughter of Cyrus and Sarah M. (Sedgwick) Staples. Of the children of this union we enter the following brief data: Arthur H. died in infancy; Charles C., who was a private in Company B, Forty ninth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, during the Spanish-American war, is now residing in Sioux Falls; Roscoe E., of Mitchell, South Dakota; Ralph J.  remains at the parental home; William C. died in infancy; Myrtle E. is at home, and Walter S.

Source: History of South Dakota,(1904)  Doane Robinson, Vol. I, pg 712-713

CONE,  W. D.  (M.D)., physician and surgeon; also owns a farm of 256 acres, northwest of town, valued at $35 per acre, Conesville; born March 17, 1838, Coshocton Co., Ohio; came with parents to Muscatine Co. in the fall of 1854. Enlisted in Co. B, of the 35th I. V. I., Dec. 5, 1863; participated in the battle of Pleasant Hill, La.; was also under A. J. Smith in the battle of Pea Ridge, Ark.; subsequently, he was assigned to the Commissary Department at Keokuk, also having charge of the Hospital Department; in May, 1865, was assigned to the Veteran Reserve Corps; mustered out in October, 1865; while in the hospital, commenced the study of medicine, which he continued, attending lectures at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Keokuk, where he graduated in February, 1867; afterward graduated at the Bellevue Hospital Medical College of New York in February, 1868, since which time he has followed his profession in connection with carrying on his farm. Married Miss Kate F. Lord, daughter of Richard Lord, of Muscatine, June 7, 1870; she was born April 21, 1845, in this county; have two children--Edna L. and William L. Mr. C. served his county as Supervisor in 1863; is at present one of the Trustees of the township.  Religion, Liberal; Republican.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 page 641-2, Orono Township

CONES,  Hon. W. W.  banker and agricultural implements. Was born in Cincinnati, Ohio: there was engaged  in various pursuits. In 1857 came to Muscatine and Iowa City. Iowa; built the gas works in both these places.  In June of the following year he returned to Cincinnati; in 1861, returned to Iowa City and took charge of the gas works; in 1864 he came to Scott County, Iowa, bought a farm about five miles from Davenport, where he resided several years. He was elected in the fall of 1867, a member of the State Senate; served two years.  In 1875, came to West Point, engaged in banking firm of Cones & Pollock; continued two years. In 1877, he removed to Wisner, where he has since resided. In the fall of 1881, he was elected County Commissioner.

Source:  Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska, Cuming County

CONNOR, WASHINGTON T  came to Jackson township in 1855, and entered the north half of northeast quarter of section 30, where he built a frame house to which he moved in 1857. He also has twenty acres besides in this township, and a quarter of section 5, in Cass township. He is now possessor of three hundred and ninety-five acres. In 1869 he removed to his present residence, on southwest quarter of section 32, where he has fine buildings with all modern improvements. Mr. Connor is a native of Indiana, and was born April 25, 1832, in Cass county. He is the son of William Connor, of North Carolina, and of Sarah Kelly, of Georgia. His mother died when he was three years old, and his father died one year later, leaving Washington in the care of his brother John, with whom he remained til he was fifteen years old. At the age of twenty-one he began to learn the shoemaker's trade, and soon after came to Muscatine county, prospecting.He worked at his trade for awhile in Des Moines and Iowa City, then returned to Indiana, and from thence went to Illinois, where he stayed one year. After this, he again came to Iowa, where he located as before mentioned. Mrs. Connor is a member of the M. E. church. In politics Mr. Connor is a greenbacker.

History of Guthrie and Adair Counties, Iowa 1884

COOK, E.U., attorney at law and loan agent; was born at Spiceland, Henry Co., Ind., June 22, 1845; was educated at Spiceland Academy; in 1866, began teaching at Plainfield, Ind., as Principal of the public schools; in 1868, he was engaged as Governor at the Indiana State Reform School, which position he occupied one year, during which time a considerable portion of the work was hunting up escaped convicts, a number of whom had escaped soon after they had been brought to the institution; at the end of the year, all of them had been found and returned, with the exception of one; he resigned at the Reform School, and returned to Spiceland Academy, in which he graduated.  In June, 1870, on his 25th birthday, he married Miss Elvira Charles, of Milton, Wayne Co., Ind; in September of the same year they removed to Springdale, Cedar Co., Iowa, where he engaged as Principal of Springdale Seminary, which position he filled for five years; at the end of which time he resigned to enter the law department of Iowa State University, from which he graduated on his 31st birthday, June, 1876; he then began the practice of law at Newton, Jasper Co., Iowa; but in a few months, removed to Muscatine, and has since been engaged in the practice of law, loan and real estate business.  He has made a complete set of abstract-books of all the land-titles in Muscatine Co.; this required the labor of two persons two and a half years.  Mr. Cook and wife are members of the society of Friends.  They have two children--Charles Dale and Jessie Florence.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

COOK, N. A., Red Oak, was born in Cattaraugus County, N. Y., Jan. 29, 1826. His father having died when he was only four years old, he was raised by an uncle in Ontario County. He received an ordinary education, completing his studies at the academy at West Bloomfield in that county. At the early age of eighteen he came west to Sandusky County, Ohio, and engaged in teaching, which occupation he followed for several years, in that state and in Indiana. In May, 1845, Mr. Cook was married to Mary E. Green, daughter of Henry Green, in Washington County, Indiana, and emigrated to Muscatine County, Iowa, in the fall of that year. In the fall of 1846 Mr. Cook returned with his family to  Indiana, and engaged in his occupation of school teaching until the spring of 1849, when he traveled overland to California, driving an ox team all the way from the eatern part of the state of Indiana, arriving at the settlement on the Pacific coast, the 10th day of October, having been on the road over seven months. During this trip and for months thereafter, Mr. Cook never slept inside a house, or ate a meal, except as prepared by the camp fire. In the winter of 1850-51, Mr. Cook returned from California, not having accumulated a very large amount of the shining gold. During his absence from his family, they remained with his wife's father in Indiana. In the spring of 1851 Mr. Cook moved with his family to Davis County, Iowa, and engaged in farming, which he followed, teaching school in winter, for three years. In the fall of 1854 he commenced merchandising on a small scale, which he followed for two years, when he was elected to the office of clerk of the district court, in 1856, and removed to Bloomfield, the county seat. Mr. Cook was re-elected to that office in the fall of 1858, and again in 1860. After the breaking out of the war of the rebellion, Mr. Cook volunteered in the service of the union army, and raised a company of soldiers for the 3d Iowa cavalry regiment; was elected its captain, and commissioned in the month of August, 1861, by Gov. Samuel J. Kirkwood. Mr. Cook participated in a number of engagements, prominent among which was the battle of Pea Ridge, where his companysuffered severely, both in killed, wounded and captured. Mr. Cook acquitted himself as a soldier with credit until the summer of 1863, when his health broke down, and at Helena, Arkansas, he tendered his resignation, which was accepted by General Grant, then before Vicksburg, in June, 1863. In the fall of 1864 he was nominated by the democratic convention of Davis County, as a candidate for state senator, but was defeated by Colonel S. A. Moore, republican. During the interval of time from 1864 to 1870, Mr. Cook was engaged in merchandising in Bloomfield and Pulaski, in Davis County. He moved with his family to Red Oak, Montgomery County, in October 1870, where he engaged in merchandising until September, 1879. In the fall of that year he was nominated for the office of state senator, by the Greenback convention of the 8th senatorial district, comprising the counties of Mills, Montgomery and Adams, but was defeated by Colinel Alfred Hebard, republican. In December, 1879, he purchased an interest in the People's Telephone, a greenback newspaper at Red Oak, which he continues to publish at this time. Mr. Cook's family consists of ten children, as follows: Caroline Theodosia, William Henry, Edwin Gilbert, Joseph Philip, Norman Green, Mary Winnie, George B. McClellan, Horace Gilbert, Clotilde and Harry Luman; seven boys and three girls, the three oldest of whom are married.

History of Montgomery County, Iowa; Des Moines: Iowa Hist. and Biographical Co., 1881

COOK, R.H., proprietor of Park House livery stable, also general collecting, loan and real estate agent; was born in Henry Co., Ind., in 1840.  Married Miss Martha Nixon, of Washington Co., Ind; they have two children--Luella and Carrie; they removed to Cedar Co.,  Iowa in 1873; thence to this city in 1876.  Mr. C. is a stauch Republican.  In religious matters, liberal; is a member of the I.O.O.F.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

COOPER, Guy L. Recognized as being one of the most representative business men of Humboldt, Guy L.  Cooper has made a record of honorable achievement that stands to his credit, and affords an example that can not help but stimulate others to do likewise. He was born July 3, 1880, a son of Orrin Alonzo Cooper, whose death occurred March 23, 1923, and whose passing was regarded as a calamity by the  people of Humboldt, with whom he had been connected for so many useful years, and in so many  different ways.

Orrin Alonzo Cooper, former miller and grain buyer of Humboldt, was a resident of Richardson County  from 1869 until his demise, and was regarded as one of the pioneers of his community. He was born at Conquest, Cayuga County, New York, November 18, 1849, and was of German descent. His father,  Henry Cooper, was born in New York, May 23, 1827, a son of German parents, but lately established  in this country when he came into the world. They moved from Branch County, Michigan, in 1869,  settling on a farm north and west of Table Rock, Nebraska, and there Henry Cooper died April 18,  1900. His wife, mother of Orrin Alonzo Cooper, and grandmother of Guy L. Cooper, was Phoebe Jane  Wendover before her marriage with him. She was born in Cayuga County, New York, April 5, 1829, and  died September 15, 1912. Henry and Phoebe Cooper were the parents of the following children: Orrin Alonzo, who was the first born; Mrs. Clara Lane, who resides in Table Rock; William, who is a resident  of Wymore, Nebraska; Bernard H., who resides in Beaver City, Nebraska; Lafayette, who is a resident of Saint Joseph Missouri; and Mrs. Sadie Redman, who is a resident of Denver, Colorado.

Orrin Alonzo Cooper attended the public schools of Branch County, Michigan, and after the removal of  the family to Nebraska in 1869 he attended school in his home neighborhood in Pawnee County for a  time, and also assisted his father in developing the homestead for four years, after which he was  engaged in the grain business on his own account. The first grain and stock buyer at Table Rock after  the completion of the Atchison & Nebraska Railroad was built to that city, he was in the employ of Mr.  Norton for about two years, and then bought the business and conducted it for a year under the firm  name of Cooper & Norton. For another year he was alone, and then formed a partnership with J. L.  Linn, under the name of Cooper & Linn, and established a lumber yard in Table Rock, adding the  handling of lumber to the grain interests.

During the two years that this firm was in existence Mr. Cooper made a trip to Indian Territory as a  partner of William McClure, and for one season the two were engaged in buying cattle from the Indians of the territory and shipping them to the North. These partners were the first authorized buyers of cattle in Indian Territory, and received their authority from the Federal Government. At the close of the season Mr. Cooper disposed of his interest to his partner and returned to Table Rock. It was not long thereafter that he and Mr. Linn purchased the Hulsey elevator at Humboldt, and in 1879 Mr. Cooper took up his permanent residence in this city and assumed personal charge of the elevator. He formed a company under the name of Linn, Cooper & Fellers, established a lumber yard, and operated it for two years in conjunction with his grain and livestock interests. With the termination of that period  Messrs. Cooper and Linn bought out their partner, and a new partner, L. B. Brinson, was taken into the firm. A 200-barrel flour-mill was erected, and was operated under the firm name of Linn, Cooper & Brinson for a year, when the name was changed to Linn & Cooper, who bought the interests of Mr. Brinson. For the succeeding five years Linn & Cooper carried on the grain, livestock and milling  interests, and expanded, their operations coming to include the building of a chain of elevators to include the rapidly increasing business. In 1890 the partnership was dissolved, Mr. Linn taking over the lumber business, and Mr. Cooper retaining the grain, livestock and milling business, and the latter continued to operate under his own name until 1903, when he formed a partnership with C. M. Linn, a  son of his former partner. They operated the flour-mill and a chain of fourteen elevators until 1907,  under the firm name of Cooper & Linn, but in the latter year this firm, too, was dissolved, Mr. Linn taking charge of the grain elevators located outside of Humboldt, and Mr. Cooper taking over the mill  and other Humboldt property. At that time he commenced operating under the name of O. A. Cooper &   Son, but the name is now the O. A. Cooper Company. As time progressed Mr. Cooper acquired other  interests, and at the date of his death had under the management of his company the Humboldt Steam Mills, an electric-light and power plant which supplies the cities of Humboldt, Dawson and  Table Rock with light and power; an artificial ice-manufacturing plant; and an automobile business,  including the agency for the Buick automobiles. The importance of these industries to Humboldt  cannot be over estimated, and they serve as a monument to the tireless energies and excellent business management of their founder, now passed from the scene of his former activities. He was also connected as a stockholder and official with numerous other enterprises of Dawson and Table Rock, and owned several hundreds of acres in Nebraska and Kansas in addition to his home farm of 100 acres adjoining the city of Humboldt, which he continued to operate up to his death.

Twice married, Orrin Alonzo Cooper's first wife was Calista Ellen Merrifield, to whom he was united at Table Rock, July 4, 1875. They had the following children born to their marriage: Mrs. Grace  MacMurray, who is deceased; Cary K., who resides in San Bernardino, California; Mrs. Eva Stanley,  who resides in Norfolk, Virginia; Guy L., whose name heads this review; and Mrs. Ena Seabury, who resides in Omaha, Nebraska. The first Mrs. Cooper was born in Benton County, Iowa, September 25,  1858, a daughter of W. P. and Olive (Spracklin) Merrifield, and she and her sister, Lydia, were the only children of their parents. The death of Mrs. Cooper occurred October 20, 1905. On June 18, 1907, Mr.  Cooper married Mrs. Minnie Akers, a daughter of Solomon G. and Louisa J. (Avitts) Spracklin.

Very active in the Republican party, he served Humboldt as mayor for seven years. In 1877 he was made a Mason, and for nearly fifty years he belonged to that fraternity. He affiliated with the Presbyterian Church. During the World war he had charge of the drives for the American Red Cross in Richardson County. Like many others who have achieved fame and fortune in Nebraska, Mr. Cooper  was the architect of his own fortune, and the greater part of his knowledge was acquired after he had reached man's estate. A man of shrewd business sense, he was also so upright and honorable that his word was regarded as good as his bond, and no one could show that he ever took unfair advantage of an associate in any transaction.

Guy L. Cooper is a true son of a good father, and is carrying on many of the older man's enterprises with efficient capability. After he was graduated from the local schools he had two years in the Nebraska State University, and upon his return to Humboldt, went into business with his father, in  which he has since continued. Like his father he is an active Republican, and was a delegate to the national convention of his party in 1920 which nominated Warren G. Harding for President. For twelve years he belonged to the Humboldt School Board, and for six years of that time was its chairman.

Mr. Cooper married Josephine Bruun, a daughter of Lewis Bruun, of Muscatine, Iowa. Mrs. Cooper completed her education in a famous girls' school of Saint Louis, Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. Cooper have  four children: Guy L., Junior, and Charles, both of whom are attending the University of Nebraska, and  John and Calista, who are attending the local public schools. Mr. Cooper is a member of the Presbyterian Church, of which he is a trustee. He is a thirty-second degree Mason, and he also belongs to the Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., at Lincoln, and to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

Source: Nebraska the Land and the People: Volume 3     page 239

COOPER, JOHN P, far., Sec. 1; P.O. Blue Grass, Scott Co., Iowa; was born in Tennessee in 1812; in 1832, he came west and settled in Mareselles, LaSalle Co., Ill; remained there until 1836, then crossed into Iowa, settling in Muscatine Co., on the farm upon which he still lives.  In 1836, he married Miss Winnie J., daughter of Michael Pace, of this county; they had to cross into Illinois to have the ceremony performed as there was no law authorizing marriages in Iowa at that time, and they were among the first couples married in Rock Island Col, if not the very first; they had twelve children, ten still living---Robert M., Mary E. (now Mrs. A. J. Hyatt), John P., Louisa (now Mrs. Wm. Benshoff), Catherine (now Mrs. C.F. Wineman), Harriet S., (now Mrs. L. Stennett),  Emma (now Mrs. J. Mallacoat), Josephine (now Mrs. G.W. Albee), William C. and Winona.  Mr. C. has been a member of the Baptist Church for over forty years, and his wife joined shortly after they were married.  Mrs. C. was called to her long home in December, 1877.  Mr. C. is a Democrat.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

COOPER, W. A., dealer in ready-made clothing, hats, caps, and gents' furnishing goods, Cedar street; residence, corner Cherry and Sixth, Wilton; a grandson of Wm. Cooper and Rachael Philson, natives of Pennsylvania; the former was a Captain during the Revolutionary war; they had seven children, five sons, the fifth being James, the father of Mr. C., who was born in Westmoreland Co., Penn., in 1808, where his first occupation was clerking; having obtained a business education, at an early age, he engaged in the mercantile business at Cooperstown, a handsome town of Pennsylvania, laid out and named by him for the family; Mr. Cooper did an extensive business there, not alone in merchandising, but in iron and oil, and also dealt extensively in live stock. At Meadville, March, 1830, he married  Amanda, daughter of Col. Cochran, an officer of the militia at Meadville, born in Northumberland Co., Penn., and marched to the rescue of Perry at the battle of Lake Erie, Sept. 10, 1813; he was a resident of Meadville for thirty-five years; a Prothonotary for many years, also a member of the Legislature. She was born at Meadville, Penn., March 10, 1811. He remained in business at Cooperstown until 1853, when they removed to Iowa, landing at Muscatine in April of that year, but finally settled on a farm in Cedar Co., two miles northeast of what is now Wilton, where he remained until his death in 1874, leaving a widow, now a resident of Wilton, with her youngest daughter and five children, two sons (both of whom served in the late war) and three daughters; lost the second, a daughter, in Pennsylvania. The subject of this sketch was the second son and fifth born, and born at Cooperstown, Penn., Aug. 15, 1844, and, in the 9th year of his age, came to Iowa, where, at the age of 18, he enlisted in the 35th I. V. I., Co. G, Capt. Dickson, with which he participated at Vicksburg, first and second taking of Jackson, Tupelo, Miss., Nashville, taking of the Spanish Fort, opposite Mobile, and  mustered out at the close of the war at Davenport. After remaining at home for three years, he came to Wilton, and for two years was without any particular business, and June 23, 1870, he married Bell, daughter of Geo. Witmer and Catherine Wirt, natives of Northumberland Co., Penn., and for many years residents of Perry Co., Penn., where she was born May 6, 1848; about the year 1866, they came to Wilton, where the father died January, 1877, the mother having since found a home with Mr. and Mrs. Cooper, Mrs. C. being the youngest of the family. After his marriage, Mr. C. formed a partnership with Charles Witmer in the dry goods and grocery trade in a store on corner of Cedar and Fourth streets, which he continued for two years, and after closing out his business, he clerked for F. Bacon until 1876, when he became a partner of Wm. H. Bacon, a brother of his former employer, in his present business, which continued until his death of his partner May 4, 1878; the September following, he purchased his interest in the business, and has since carried the largest stock of the greatest variety of goods in his line to be found in this part of Muscatine. They have three children, the eldest of whom is Wirt A., born May, 1871; Charles C., April 10, 1873, and Elsie M., Dec. 28, 1875. Mr. and Mrs. C. are members of Presbyterian Church, of which he is Elder and Superintendent of Sabbath School, and is a member of A. O. U. W. Security, No. 100, in which he has held various offices.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Wilton Twp

CORIELL, G.W., contractor in brick and stone work, Muscatine, Iowa; was born in Ohio; came to Muscatine in 1850.  Married Miss Mary N. Clough, of this county; they have one child---Mary; members of the Baptist Church; he is also a member of the Masonic fraternity.  Mr. C. acts with the National party; residence is on the corner of Ninth and  Mulberry streets.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CORWIN, Hervey, was born in Orange Co., N. Y., May 5, 1816, where he resided till 1854, when he removed to Iowa and located in Muscatine Co.; Mr. C. received his education and learned the trade of wagon-making prior to leaving New York.  He married Miss Sarah M. Prime, of Orange Co., N. Y., prior to coming West; they have had eight children, five still living--Julia A. Loy, Alice (now Mrs. McDermont), George H., Caroline and  Ida Corwin. Members of the M. E. Church; he was one of the first Trustees of the Island M. E. Church, which office he still holds. His present occupation is that of farm gardener. He was formerly a Whig; at the organization of the Republican party, joined it, and has ever since coincided with its actions and principles.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

Although the founder of the Crane family in Kansas, Jackson B. Crane was neither born nor died in this state, he spent forty-five years here, the best part of his life, and his name deserves preservation in the country's enduring annals. His was one of the first pioneer cabins built in 1854 within a radius of eleven miles west of Leavenworth, then the frontier. He was one of that hardy band that not only dared the privations of the wilderness but had the resolute will that accepted a life that, at that time, positively demanded eternal vigilance because of savage strife. Through his almost fifty years here he worked effectively for the best interests of this section in every way, and
courageously advocated reforms when only truly brave men did so.

Jackson B. Crane was born in Ohio, owing his baptismal name, perhaps, to the fact that his birthday  occurred on or very near the day that General Jackson captured New Orleans, January 8, 1815. In manhood be left his native state for Iowa, accompanied by his aged father, who died at Muscatine and was buried there. Mr. Jackson Crane remained at Oskaloosa, Iowa, until 1854, in the meanwhile  becoming a trusted and valued citizen of Mahaska County, which he served two terms as sheriff.

He had always been a democrat, a Jacksonian democrat, but the time came when his opinions changed to some degree on the subject of slavery. This attitude gave him some trouble with his neighbors after he had moved to Kansas, in 1854, but he was unyielding in his views in regard to the further spread of slavery. Hence, when the infant republican party came into existence, in 1856, with its main platform of prohibition of slavery in the territories, it found in Mr. Crane a conscientious supporter, to such an extent that he sent his eldest son back to his old neighbors in Iowa to give them his views, as having  had more experience of slavery than they in its practical workings, and to urge them to approve the principles of the new party and vote for its first presidential candidate, John C. Fremont, as was his own intention. It is on record that many of them did so.

Jackson B. Crane and his wife had thirteen children: Columbus, Alexander Pope, James, Miner, Leonard, John, Robert, Stephen, Jackson, William, Ann, Emeline and Mary. After a residence of  forty-five years in Leavenworth County, Jackson B. Crane and wife left Kansas and moved to Perry, Oklahoma, where both died in advanced age. Of their surviving eleven children, the ages run from fifty-two to eighty-one years.

Columbus Crane, the eldest son of the founder of the family in Kansas, married Miss Permelia Jones, a member of a family that came to Kansas in 1855 from Ohio. To them were born five children, three sons and two daughters: Lafayette Fremont, who was born in 1858; Emma, who is now Mrs. Tork, lives at Holton, Kansas; Josephine, who is Mrs. Blossom, lives at Rutland, Vermont; Alfred E., who was born in 1863, at Leavenworth, is an attorney at Topeka; and Calvin C., who is a temporary resident  of Eureka Springs, Arkansas.

Alfred E. Crane married Miss Lillian M. Woodburn, a member of a family that came to Kansas in 1860.   Rev. J. A. Woodburn still survives, having been active in the ministry for sixty years. The family and its  connections are all prominent in the state. One son, F. T. Woodburn, is a district judge at Holton,  Kansas. An uncle of Mrs. Crane, John Quincy Adams Roberts, who was one of the early pioneers, still  survives at the age of eighty-seven years, a resident of Newcastle, Indiana. He was a soldier in the Union army during the Civil war. Mr. and Mrs. Crane have one son, Harry Alfred, who was born in 1902.

 Source:  Kansas and Kansans: Volume 4,  page 2003

CRANE, Joseph;  farmer, Sec. 28; P. O. Muscatine; born in Essex Co., N. J., July 14, 1814, where he learned the           blacksmith trade, and, in 1837, came to Rock Island, Ill., where he established the first shop in that town; removed to Cedar Co., Iowa, in 1839. Married Miss Agnes Bogart in 1841; she was born in Warren Co., Ohio, in 1819. Mr. C. was at the first court held in Cedar Co. He was appointed Justice of the Peace by Gov. Lucas, which office he held until 1845; was on the Board of Commissioners for several years; removed to Muscatine in 1845, where he engaged in manufacturing plows, which he followed till 1855, then removed to where he now lives, where he owns 300 acres of land, on which he has made all the improvements. Democrat until the beginning of the war, and since Republican.

Source: The History of Muscatine County Iowa Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CRAWFORD, W. P., farmer, Sec. 10; was born in Orange Co., N. Y., in 1825; came to Muscatine Co. in 1851. In November, 1853, he married Miss Sarah A. Terry, a native of Orange Co., N. Y.; they have had four children. three still living---Emily, Oliver and Nellie. Mr. Crawford and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church; he acts with the Republican party. Has held various local offices; at present, is the incumbent of the offices of Secretary of the School Board, member of the Board of School Directors and School Treasurer. He owns 155 acres of land, which is well improved.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CROCKER, W. H., Port Allen; dealer in dry goods, general merchandise and grain, also owns about 219 acres of land, valued at $20 per acre; and his wife owns 176 acres of land, mostly in Washington Co., besides a house and two lots in Port Allen; Mr. C. was born Oct. 9, 1821, in Devonshire, England.  Married there Fanny E. Tyte in March, 1842; she was born in January, 1822.  On the 4th of May, 1846, they set sail at Biddeford, England, for the United States; when near the Azores Islands, the vessel was struck by a severe gale, breaking off the rudder, leaving the vessel at the mercy of the storm; they soon fell in with a vessel of the Cunard line, which took them in tow back toward the coast of Ireland; a temporary rudder was constructed and they attempted to make the port themselves, but their rudder proved of little value, and they were again driven toward the shore and near the rocks, when all on board expected almost every minute to be dashed to pieces; however, fortunately the wind changed and drove the vessel to sea, and they finally succeeded in making Crook Haven Harbor, where they remained ten days for repairs, when they again set sail, and, after being out about six weeks, when near the coast of Newfoundland, they ran out of provisions and were rationed several days on half a sea biscuit and a pint of stagnant water a day, having to use rum in the water to drink it: Mr. C. was the first to discover the topsail of a vessel which they signaled and brought it to their relief, and for six weeks following they were dependent upon fishing and what supplies they could get from other vessels; they finally made Quebec, Canada, Aug. 28, 1846; he soon after came on to Genesee Co., Mich.; in the spring of 1854, came to Oakland, Louisa Co., Iowa; purchased a farm, upon which part of the town was subsequently platted; engaged in dealing in and shipping stock in connection with farming; in 1858, engaged in mercantile business; in the fall of 1872, moved his store, building and goods to Port Allen.  Has served as Township Clerk.  Has six children living--William H., Agnes H., Samuel, Stephen, Frances E. and George; lost two-Ada and Robert; his son William H., Jr., served his country in Co. E of the 16th I. V. I; enlisted in October 1862, and re-enlisted as a veteran in April, 1864; participated in the battles of Pittsburg Landing, Shiloh, siege and battles of Corinth, Iuka, Jackson, Champion Hills, siege of Vicksburg and subsequently at Kenesaw Mountain, siege of Atlanta and Savannah; was promoted to Sergeant at the battle of Vicksburg; mustered out at Davenport in July, 1865. Greenbacker.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879 page 642, Orono Twp

CROGHAN, JOSHUA M.  one of the representative farmer citizens of Wright Township, is a native of the  Buckeye State.  He was born in Perry County, Ohio, April 12, 1846, a son of James Croghan, also a native of  Ohio.  The Croghans are of Irish descent. The mother of our subject was nee Catherine Munson.  She was born in Germany, a daughter of Thomas Munson.  Her education was obtained in her native land, and she came to the United States at the age of fourteen.  She was a woman of much intelligence and refinement, and after coming to this country was engaged in teaching the German language in the schools.  Her husband, James Croghan, was also a successful teacher for many years.  In 1853 they moved to Rochester, Cedar County, Iowa, becoming early pioneers of that county.  Her death occurred that same year.  She was a member of the Baptist Church.  Mr. Croghan spent the residue of his life in Cedar County, and died September 18, 1870, in his seventieth year.  He was a mason by trade, but for many years had followed the profession of teaching.  In politics he was a Republican.  He was a member of the Gray beard Regiment of Iowa, and served in his regiment two years and seven months as Second Lieutenant.

While in Ohio he was a member of the "Hardsbell" Baptist Church, but after coming to Iowa he united with the Christian Church.  Mr. and Mrs. Croghan were the parents of fourteen children.  Benjamin, their first born, is a resident of Allen County, Kansas.

Joshua was reared in Cedar County, Iowa, on a farm, and when he grew up learned the harness-maker's trade at Wilton Junction, Muscatine County, same State.  During the great Rebellion he enlisted, in 1864, in Company B, Second Iowa Infantry.  The regiment was on its noted march to the sea under General Sherman.  Mr. Croghan joined them at Atlanta, Georgia, and from there marched with them to Savannah, then up through the Carolinas and to Richmond.  After the surrender of General Lee's army they marched on to Washington, and were present at the grand review.  He was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, and at Davenport, Iowa, received his final discharge and was paid off.

The war over, Mr. Croghan returned to Cedar County, Iowa, where he resided six years.  He then removed to Clinton County, same State, and after remaining three years returned to Cedar County.  Five years later, in 1879, he came to Pottawattamie County.  In 1880 he purchased forty acres of wild land, which he has since improved and brought under a high state of cultivation.  He has a comfortable home, a good barn, modern wind pump, a grove and orchard of four acres, and other substantial improvements.  Everything, about the Croghan farm shows thrift and enterprise.  At present Mr. Croghan is cultivating 240 acres of land, and is feeding twenty-eighty head of cattle and a large number of hogs.

February 25, 1868, and Clinton County, Iowa, are the date and place of Mr. Croghan's marriage to Miss Mary Jane Dale, a, native of Crawford County, Ohio, daughter of Samuel and Mary Dale.  Her father died in 1864, and her mother is a resident of Muscatine, Iowa, where she has three sons.  Mr. Croghan and his wife have seven children:  Mary C., the oldest, died in 1870; James F., Phillip, Sina A., Charles, Colbert and Sherwood M.  Mr. Croghan is a charter member of Washington Post, G. A. R., No. 9.  In politics he is a Republican.  He and his wife are members of the Protestant Methodist Church.

Source: The Biographical Record of Pottawattamie County Iowa

CROMER, Hiram, farmer, Sec. 35; P.O. Muscatine; owns 232 acres of land, valued at $45 an acre; born May 1, 1836, in Seneca Co., Ohio; parents moved to Montgomery Co. when he was quite small; in the spring of 1853, came to Muscatine Col, soon after purchased part of the farm he still owns; both his parents died in September, 1854 in Ohio.  Married Miss Lydia Darr Feb 4, 1857; she was born in 1840 in Hamilton Co., Ohio; have ten children--Nancy, Henry, Eliza, Josephine, Alice, William, George, Frank, Charles W. and Erland J.  Democrat.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879

CROSS, Levi, farmer, Sec. 5; P. O. Muscatine; Mr. Cross was born in Adams Co., Ohio, Jan. 1, 1806; his parents, James and Epsey Cross, settled in Adams Co., Ohio, about 1788; Mr. Cross is of Irish extraction, his grandfather, on his father's side having been a native of Ireland; Mr. Cross came to Muscatine Co. from Ohio in 1846; he first located in Lake Tp., where he remained one year; the second year, he rented a farm in Seventy-six Tp.; the third year, he rented John R. Pettit's farm; in September, 1849, he settled on the farm he now owns. He has been married twice; his first wife was Mary Foster, a native of Ohio; his present wife was Elizabeth Chatham, a native of Greenbrier Co., Va.; he has seven children--Perry, John B., Mary Ann, Nancy, Levi, Hannah and Michael, all born in Pike Co., Ohio.

Source:  THE HISTORY OF MUSCATINE COUNTY IOWA Containing A History of the County, its Cities, Towns, & etc.
Western Historical Company Chicago Illinois 1879, Seventy Six Twp

CUNNINGHAM, Levi,  Farmer, Sec. 35, he owns 34 acres of land, valued at $3000. He was born in Portage Co., Oh., and moved to La Grange Co., In. in 1837. He remained there until 1848 when he moved to Muscatine Co., Iowa and in 1873 moved to this county, settling where he now lives. He married Fidelia Schoonover on March 28, 1833. She is a native of Genesee Co., NY. Their children are Esther J.,  Levi P., Dorleska C., Amanda A., Olive R., Mary A., and William J. W.

Source: The History of Jasper County, Iowa 1878, Chicago, Western Historical Company

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