AKA Charles II Weymann
by Ralph Cooper
of Early Aviators.com
||Weymann & passenger in his
Photo and text from a newspaper report.
Collection of Jean-Pierre Lauwers
via email from Gilles Hudicourt, 11-7-06
As far as I know, Charles Weyman, although born in Haiti, obtained his
US nationality through his father, a US Citizen of European ancestry and
a Haitian mother.
At a certain time, a good part of the
mothers family, who was very wealthy, moves to France and that is how
Charles ends up in France
The Daily Journal and Tribune,
Knoxville, Tennessee: September 8, 1912,
Transcribed by Bob Davis - 6-11-04 "International
Aviation Meet will be Featured by World's Championship Race. $10,000
Silver Service has been Won by an American, Once Curtiss and the Other
This Week's Program""Chicago, Sept. 7. -
America's third international aviation meet, which opens Monday, will
establish a new mark for America in the number of aviators of
international fame entered. chief of these are the pilots of the foreign
and American racers who compete in the Gordon Bennett world's
championship aeroplane race, the first event of the meet.
The meeting embraces daily monoplane and
biplane handicap races, a scratch biplane and monoplane race which is
designed to give further demonstration of the skill of the Gordon
Bennett drivers, and a 40-kilometer race for all types, handicapped.
Other contests are bomb and mail throwing, accuracy landing contests
from heights of 1,000 feet without a motor and similar events in which
the skill of the operator is tested.
This is the fourth time aeroplanes have
been matched for the world's championship, as typified by the $10,000
silver trophy given by James Gordon Bennett in 1908 to be contended for
annually by licensed pilots of the Federation Aeronautique
Twice before a single American entrant
has driven his aeroplane ahead of his competitors and brought the silver
trophy to America. Glenn
H. Curtiss was the
first winner, at Rheims, France, Aug. 28, 1909. His biplane finished the
12.4 mile race in 15 minutes, 50 seconds, or five seconds ahead of the
looked-for winner, Louis
There were five starters, but only four of the flyers were able to cover
the distance, which then was considered an almost impossible journey for
In New York on the Belmont park aerodrome,
the second contest was held. The course had been lengthened to 100
kilometers (62.14 miles) and Claude
best known airman, won in 71 minutes, 4 seconds, in the first
100-horsepower Bleriot monoplane built. Alfred
LeBlanc, of France,
led in the race in a similar machine, up to the last lap of the field,
when he ran out of gasoline and in landing, crashed into a telephone
pole and smashed his aeroplane.
Graham-White's victory took the trophy
for England, where it was contested for in 1911 on the Isle of Sheppy at
Eastchurch, July 1. Charles
Terres Weymann, sole
American entrant, again went up in a 100 horsepower Nieuport monoplane
and captured the trophy. His time for the 100 kilometers was 81 minutes,
30 seconds, a speed of over eighty miles an hour, then a world's speed
record. Leblanc again after the world championship, had to content
himself with second, being two minutes slower than Weymann.
Speed alone determines the winner, there
being no restriction on the construction of the aeroplane. Because of
the high speeds obtained, few aviators have cared to enter, and in the
three events held previously, a total of thirteen entrants only appear
on the lists.
This year the race has been lengthened to
200 kilometers (124 miles), and the course was laid out as an ellipse of
4.14 miles, requiring thirty laps to complete the races. In the French
Vedrinesmade a speed of 100 miles an hour, which established
expectance as to what speed would be made by the choice machines of the
six nations competing - America, England, France, Holland, Belgium and
France designated Jules Vedrines and Maurice
Prevost, pilots of
Deperdussin monoplanes, andAndre
Frey, who drives an
Hanriot monoplane, as its representatives. England had named Claude
Hamel and George
Dyott, but it was
certain until the last minute just who would make the actual flights.
Belgium's representative, Charles
Morok, died of
typhoid fever a few days before the race, and Jan
Wynmalen, who was to
represent Holland, was so disappointed in the showing of his Oerts
monoplane, he withdrew. Edmund
representative, was not certain of entering, and as for America, the
choice of pilot will not be definitely settled till the day before the
race. An American defender prepared to carry a 100 horsepower motor, the
largest aero motor ever designed.
The hydroaeroplane, or airboat, aviation
contests are the first ever held outside military competetions held in
France for selection of government machines. The contests must continue
five days during which races and contests are evolved to demonstrate how
the multi-use machine may be guided on the water, be raised into the air
and flown as a flying craft.
In addition efficiency prizes have been
offered, the contest being the numbers of passengers carried, the length
of time one, two, and three extra persons may remain aloft, and other
Personal Communication from
Jean-Pierre LauwersWeymann attempted to fly from Buc/Paris to
Puy-de Dôme to win the Michelin prize (100.000FR). Unfortunately, he
failed due to bad weather. On the mountain top at Puy-de Dôme, there
was only a small airfield. It was only 50 meters long and was even
narrower. He had taken off with a volunteer passenger, a Mr. Faye. He
was forced to land only 10 kilometers from his goal, some 540 kilometers
from his starting point in Paris. The papers of the time applauded his
attempt, insamuch as it only failed due to bad weather.
||Weymann & two passengers in his Farman,
Passengers, left to right: P. van Gaver & G. Neri
Said to be a record-setting distance flight with two passengers.
Photo and text from a newspaper report.
Collection of Jean-Pierre Lauwers
Personal Communication from
Jean-Pierre LauwersI have here a paper photo from Charles
Weymann, not an unknown name over here.
Born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, August 2, 1889.
Participated in the 1910 Reims av. meet in his Farman plane.
In August 1910, participated in the Circuit de l'Est.
In September, 1910, flew from Paris to Puy de Dôme with one passenger.
The trip took seven hours.
In May, 1911, according to my "Dictionnaire...", flying a
Nieuport plane, he participated in the Paris to Madrid flight.
In June, 1911, he participated in the flight from Paris to Rome.
In July, 1911, he took part in the Circuit Européen.
In 1912, he represented the USA in the 3rd Coupe Gordon Bennet...at
Eastchurch, England. He was a winner flying a Nieuport at a speed of
He participated in the 1912 Hydroplanes contest at Monaco, St-Malo (both
France) and the Temse 1912 Hydroplane contests here in Belgium. He
stopped flying shortly thereafter.
Confirmed World Records of 1911 of Weymann:
(Info from my Annuaire 1911 from the Aé.C.B.
Closed circuit without passenger : speed
150 km WEYMANN England 1 h 11' 30''1/5
1/4 hours C.-A WEYMANN England 1911.07.01 : 31 km 862
1/2 hours id. 1911.07.01 : 63 km 477
||1912 Hydro-aeroplane Race, Tamise
Copy of original Post Card
Courtesy of Jean-Pierre Lauwers
||RACE AT TEMSE, 1912Although
his name was not mentioned on the postcard, it must be of The Nieuport
Hydroplane piloted by Weymann on September 26, 1912. As far as I know,
there was only one such plane in the race, so I am sure it is Weymann
and his plane. He is being towed by a rowboat to the finish line and is
standing in his plane, just after landing. His plane was powered by a
100 Hp Gnome motor. It is likely that he quit racing after this contest,
so this is probably the last picture of him as a pilot in a plane.
Personal communication from Jean-Pierre Lauwers
the Google search engine on "Charles Weymann", (9-9-04) I
found about 49 links. They are in English, French and German. In some
cases, a machine translation is available. Among the best is the story
of "The Crossing of the Alps. Although primarily referring to Jorge
Chavez, there are some references to Charles. You can read the
translated version by clicking on:
||ADDITIONAL LINKS - 1
via email from Gilles Hudicourt, 9-10-04
I can't find if I was the source of this reported 1910 death but it is
certainly wrong, he lived beyond 1910. I did do some research on him a
few years ago but a computer crash wiped everything out.
In the meantime, I found these links that
mention Charles Wyman. There is even a good picture of him.
premiers appareils BREGUET
La Coupe Schneider
Editor's Note: When on the site, scroll down to
"Les hydro aéroplanes Paulhan-Curtiss" and click on it to go
to the page. The article is in the pdf format so you will have to have
the free Adobe Reader to view it. You will probably want to use the
"FIND" function to locate the Weyman entry.
||ADDITIONAL LINKS - 2
via email from Gilles Hudicourt, 5-30-05
When I look-up "Charles Weymann" using the Copernic Search
Engine, several hits come back about a Charles Weymann lightweight
automobile patented chasis, which I suspect concern the same Charles
Weymann although I have no proof
Here is one such link :
Important Maserati Sale
Here is a French Article that says that
the Charles Weymann automobile technology comes from aviation technology.
You can get the full article for 2 Euros here.
WeymannEditor's Note: Here is a translation
of the introductory paragraph from the website:
"As of the creation of Touring, Felice Bianchi Anderloni
acquires the Weymann licence for Lombardy. Introduced in Italy by the
Body Alessio of Turin, this technique, imitated aeronautics, was
invented in France at the beginning of the Twenties per Charles Weymann.
Its two major assets are the flexibility and lightness. The traditional
body is equipped with fixed sheet plates in a rigid way on a wooden
carpentry, so that the unit works under the effect of the vibr...
This is an extract of the article which comprises 4 pages in its
complete version. To reach it, you subscribe."
(Letter from Adj. Pilot W.B.
Haviland from Pau,
France.) I was alerted to this
letter by his grandson, Willis Haviland Lamm. He pointed out that it
contained a very interesting reference to Charles
Weymann. You can find it in the original letter where it appears
on page 5. I suggest that you will probably want to read the entire
letter as it is very interesting and offers a glimpse into the lives of
the aviatiors during that period of World War I. You can access the
letter by clicking on the title above.
If you prefer to read a transcription of
the handwritten letter, you can find it by clicking on:
OF THE AIRTHE GORDON BENNETT RACES
by Henry Serrano Villard
Hardcover: 224 pages; 1.0 x 6.5 x 9.5 inches
List Price: $39.95
Publisher: Smithsonian Books (November 1, 1987)
||TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Chapter 1 THE AIRPLANE COMES OF AGE • 1908 1
Chapter 2 RHEIMS • 1909 21
Chapter 3 BELMONT PARK • 1910 53
Chapter 4 EASTCHURCH • 1911 95
Chapter 5 CHICAGO. 1912 129
Chapter 6 RETURN TO RHEIMS • 1913 169
Chapter 7 THE WAR YEARS • 1914-18 195
Chapter 8 THE LAST RACE • 1920 213
Appendix 1 251
Appendix 2 254
Selected Bibliography 265 Index 268
||REQUEST FOR INFORMATION
via email from Ray Weymann, 10-27-05Dear
I am Ray Weymann; my grandfather, August
Weymann was an older brother of Charles (I) Weymann, father of Charles
I should say at the outset that I have no
other direct knowledge about Charles Terres Weymann other than what is
described in your web site. Also, my main interest is in learning
something about the Weymann family history, having just returned from a
visit to the town of Thann, in Alsace, where this family is from.
However, I am eager to do some more
digging. Prior to that, I wonder if you have any information on the
As of 1912, Charles Terres Weymann is
described as an American and later as "an expatriate living in
France". Presumably, therefore, since he was born in Haiti, he must
have immigrated to the U.S., and been naturalized.
Do you have any information at all on
what year he came to the U.S? He had two brothers, and I wonder if one
or both came with him, and possibly his father and mother as well.
Is there any immigration or
naturalization document you are aware of?
Do you have any information about where in
the U.S. he lived?
Since he became active in the car body
business in France around 1921 he must have left the U.S. before then.
Do you have any information about when and why he left the U.S.?
Do you know whether he ever married or
had any children?
Do you know if he took up residence in
England during the time of his bus company business?
As I mentioned, I am interested in
searching for documents, especially related to his stay in the U.S. and
England, and any hints on the answers to the questions above would help
to narrow the search. Of course I would share any information I find
Editor's Note: All I know about Charles Weymann is what
you find on this page. Ray has posed a number of questions, the answers
to which would be very interesting to us all. If you can help him with
any answers, I would be happy to forward your message to him. Thank you.
|| This is what Henry
Serrano Villard says in the book "Blue Ribbon of the Air"
about the Gordon Bennett air races:
"Charles Weymann's life came to the close at the advanced age of
eighty-seven in the summer of 1976. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour,
recipient of the Croix de Guerre for the 1912-18 (sic) war, he remained
an expatriate in France after winning the Gordon Bennett Cup for America
in 1911. He applied himself to business pursuits, at which he was
eminently successful, but he never lost interest in aviation. In 1975,
the year before he died, he was fêted at a banquet by the Vielles
Tiges, an association of aviation pioneers in Paris, and given its gold
Courtesy of Anders Bruun, 1-23-05
If you have any information on this pioneer aviator
please contact me.
E-mail to Ralph