A pioneer of Wilkes and Oglethorpe Counties
By Philip James McGinty
Great Great Great Great Grandson of Edmond Jordan
August 31, 2005
This is dedicated to the memory of my mother, Elisabeth Jordan Smith
McGinty. May our loved ones never be forgotten.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sacred Memories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page 1
Northampton County, North Carolina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . ... . . .Page 1
On to Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 2
1785. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 2
Macks Creek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 3
Cousins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 3
Charles and Thang . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .Page 4
The Jordan Farm on Dry Fork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.. . . . . . . . . . .Page 4
The Road to Allens Iron Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . .... . . . . . . . . Page 6
Family Ties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . Page 7
Captain Edmond Jordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .. . . . . Page 8
A Late Marriage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . Page 9
Oglethorpe County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . Page 9
A Settlement of North Carolinians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . ....... . . .. Page 10
515 Acres of Controversy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . ... Page 11
Golden Grove Creek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . ... . . Page 12
Parenthood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .. ... . . .Page 13
The Road to Athens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . ... . .Page 14
Grove Creek Neighbors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .. . . .Page 15
The Lexington Races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .... . .Page 17
Expansion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . Page 17
The Georgia Lottery of 1805 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .. . . .Page 18
Connecting the Dots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . Page 18
A Legacy of Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .. . . . . . . Page 19
King Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Page 20
Family Matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . Page 21
A Sprint to the Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . ... . . . . . . Page 24
A Contentious Finale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . ..... . . . . Page 25
Epilogue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . Page 26
The Will and Estate Settlement of Edmond Jordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..... . . . . Page 27
Footnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .Page 30
The family Bible of Lucy Jordan Smith, my mothers grandmother, states:
Captain Edmond Jordan, born about 1761 - died in 1836 in Oglethorpe County.
Married Jemima Pope, daughter of Lewis Pope. Their children were: Reverend Willis Asbury
Jordan born November 8, 1801 - died April 1877, Daridla Jordan, and Jemima Jordan. Captain
Jordan fought in Rev. War under Gen. Hugh Mercer. He lived in either Halifax County, VA or
Halifax, NC. He is not listed on the roster of Rev. soldiers in either state, but we know
by word of mouth handed down that he was wounded in battle. His first battle was
Princeton. He was a cripple till death.1 (See Exhibit A.)
Exhibit A: Wilmore's New Analytical
Reference Bible, Struthers and Company, New York.
The family Bible was recorded by Ora Mae Daniel, the daughter of Lucy
Wesley Jordan and James
Monroe Smith. Lucy was the great grand daughter of Edmond Jordan and
NORTHAMPTON COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA
Edmond Jordan was born in 1761, probably in Northampton County, North Carolina. His
parents were Over and Alsey Jordan. This line of Jordans is believed to go back to an
Arthur Jordan, Jr who came to Jamestown in the later part of the 17th Century.
Over Jordan died sometime after 1771. In his will, he referred to his children as Mon
Jordan, Sue Jordan, Miranda Jordan, Over Jordan, River Jordan, Thomas Jordan, and a child
as yet unborn. To Mon specifically he bequeathed, 150 acres of land lying on the
cypress swamp. 2 The name Mon was a shortened form of Edmond.
It is believed that since Mon was named first in the will, he was the oldest child.
Verification of Over Jordan as the father of Edmond Jordan is found in the
Revolutionary War Pension Application of John Jordan of Washington County, GA. In that
document, Ann Howell of Northampton County, NC, testified that her father Christopher
Foster and John Jordan were related by marriage. Her mother, Miranda Jordan Foster, was
the sister of Edmund Jordan who died in Oglethorpe County, GA in 1836.3
Another confirmation is found in a publication titled Arthur Jordan: The
Moses of an American Family, where it states that the Edmund,
Miranda, and Thomas Jordan, mentioned in the will of John Dupree, were the children of
Over Jordan who died in 1771, in Northampton County, NC.4
Northampton County is bordered by Southampton County, Virginia on the north and Halifax
County, North Carolina to the south. Its southern boundary sits on the north bank of the
Roanoke River across from the town of Halifax, North Carolina. This is the area, in
southern Northampton County, across the river from Halifax, where Edmond Jordan was
Halifax is known in North Carolina as a cradle of the American Revolution. On April 4,
1776, the Fourth Provincial Congress of North Carolina met in Halifax and adopted, on
April 12, 1776, the Halifax Resolves declaring independency from Great
Britain. It was the first official provincial action for independence in all the colonies.
Later, that same August, the Declaration of Independence was read for the first time in
North Carolina on the town square of Halifax. Halifax would become the major recruiting
and staging center
|in the Roanoke River Valley for the Continental Army.5
During this time of fervor, Edmond Jordan would have been an impressionable fifteen year
According to various DAR records, Edmond fought with the Continental Army
of Virginia and/or served in Georgia. The Oglethorpe Chapter of the NSDAR, based in
Columbus, GA, lists Edmund Jordan as a patriot from Virginia.6 To date, no
official military records of Edmonds service have been found. However, shortly after
arriving in Wilkes County, Edmond was appointed Captain of a militia district.7
The local militia units were formed to protect the early settlers from Indian attacks. The
appointment of Edmond to the rank of Captain may reflect his military experience. In
addition, the 1827 Land Lottery of Georgia lists Edmund Jourdan, R. S., of Oglethorpe
County drawing land in Coweta County.8 The letters R. S. identify
him as a Revolutionary Soldier.
ON TO GEORGIA
After the war, Edmond along with many of his neighbors in North Carolina and Virginia
moved to Georgia. The presence of Edmond in 1786 Georgia is confirmed by three types of
evidence: deeds, tax lists and land plats. First of all, a deed in North Carolina, dated
January 6, 1786, describes the sale of land from Edmond to John Jordan.9 Edmond
was selling off his North Carolina lands in lieu of his move to Georgia. Secondly, tax
lists confirm Edmonds presence in his new Georgia home during the year of 1786. The
1786 tax list of Wilkes County, GA shows Edmond Jordan living in Benjamin Jordans
Militia District, owning 400 acres and one slave. Curiously, these 400 acres are listed as
being in Franklin County, GA.10 In 1786, the southeastern county line of
Franklin County was shared with the northwest county line of Wilkes County. The subsequent
1787 tax list of Wilkes County records Edmond living in Captain Lanes District with
two slaves and owning 487 acres, all listed in Wilkes County.11 A third piece
of evidence is found in the surveyor records of the colonial headrights and land grants in
Georgia. A land plat for James Goolsbee, warrant dated 4 September 1786 and survey dated
18 December 1786, confirms that Edmond Jordan was in Wilkes County during 1786. It depicts
250 acres of land in Wilkes County on the waters of Macks Creek
adjoining the lands of Edmond Jordan.12
The above citations from 1786 suggest that Edmond was granted 400 acres of land in
Franklin County, Georgia before 1786. Surely, he had acquired land in Georgia before the
January 1786 sale of property in North Carolina. Unfortunately, no tax list from 1785
Franklin County has survived. His first tangible records appear in Wilkes County. The tax
list for 1786 shows that he was in Wilkes County during the year of 1786. That is where he
paid taxes. The warrant for the Goolsbee land plat, shows Edmond already established in
Wilkes County as a neighbor of James Goolsbee by September 1786.
Intriguingly, there may actually be evidence for Edmond in 1785 Wilkes County. A Wilkes
County land plat for Richard McRee, warrant dated 23 November 1785, survey
|dated 25 November 1785, shows 575 acres of tobacco land
on a branch of the Dry Fork Creek that is a branch of Long Creek adjoining the
lands of Jordan, Payne, Oliver, Browne, Darden and Allen.13 The lands
indicated for Jordan might be lands owned by Edmond Jordan in 1785. Several
years later, the 1797 Oglethorpe County tax list did indeed show Edmond living on 515
acres of land originally granted to self and McRee.14 It is
interesting to note, that since Edmond would eventually (by at least 1797) own some of
McRees tobacco land, Edmond probably began his career as a tobacco
farmer. His residence in 1785 Wilkes County, however, remains speculation. The
Jordan shown on the 1785 land plat of McRee may be either Benjamin or Josiah
Jordan, both of whom owned land in this same area during the time in question.
The land plat showing Edmond Jordan living next to James Goolsbee near Macks Creek
(a branch of Long Creek) indicates the area of his first residence in Wilkes County. The
deed record also confirms Edmonds presence near Macks Creek. Two deeds, dated
November 22, 1790, reflect transactions over the same piece of land. The first shows the
sale of 250 acres of land owned by James Goldsby to Daniel Safford on the waters of
Macks Creek15 The second deed shows this same 250 acres of
land sold in turn by Daniel Safford to Benjamin Blake.16 Both of these deeds
state that the Macks Creek property adjoined the lands of Edmond Jordan. (See
Exhibit B.) However, a land plat, dated 1788 and warranted to Edmond Jordan, firmly
places Edmond further upstream, on the waters of Dry Fork Creek.17 The 1792
Wilkes County tax list also places him near Dry Fork Creek.18 Obviously, the
situation depicted at this time in Wilkes County is a fluid one, with ownership of
multiple tracts of land in various locations and property changing hands frequently.
As previously mentioned, the tax lists indicate the co-presence of Benjamin, Josiah and
Edmond Jordan in Wilkes County between the years of 1786 and 1793. A family dynamic must
be at work among these three. In 1786, Edmond is living in Benjamin Jordans Militia
District. Is the commonality of the last names mere coincidence? Then there is evidence
that he paid his taxes with Josiah Jordan. Imagine a line of tax payers at the tax office.
As one pays, his name is recorded by the clerk. Then the next person in line pays and his
name is recorded, and the process repeats itself. The fact that the tax records list
Josiah Jordan and Edmond Jordan, one name under the other in 1786 and close together again
in 1787, might indicate some sort of relationship.
Wilkes County documents show that Benjamin and Josiah Jordan were brothers, the sons of
George Jordan. Sometime around 1790, Benjamin died. (There has been speculation that he
was killed by Indians.) A deed shows the sons and daughters of Benjamin Jordan, deceased,
asking the court to appoint their uncle, Josiah Jordan, as their guardian. The request was
granted on September 26, 1791.19 In addition, guardianship papers list a gift
of slaves that were given to James Jordan, one of the orphan children of Benjamin Jordan.
|The slaves were given by his grandfather, George
Jordan, deceased, and received by Josiah Jordan, guardian, December 31, 1799.20
Since Josiah was the uncle of James, then George Jordan would be the father of Josiah and
Benjamin. George is believed to have been the brother of River Jordan, who was the
grandfather of Edmond. Edmond, then, was the second cousin of Josiah and Benjamin.
Benjamins death, Josiah and Edmond, continue to appear together in the record. A
land plat, warranted on 4 July 1791 and surveyed 1 November 1791, shows Josiah Jordan
owning 465 acres lands on the dry fork of Long Creek.21 Adjoining
this property are the lands of Edmond Jordan. An entry on the 1793 Wilkes County
Tax list, under Captain Matthew Stones Militia District, confirms that the property
of Edmond Jordan adjoined the property of Josiah Jordan.22
In conclusion, Benjamin and Josiah Jordan were more prominent - and a generation older
- than Edmond Jordan. The 1786 tax lists show Benjamin with 500 acres and 14 slaves in
Wilkes County and 500 acres of land in Washington County.23 For his part,
Josiah, owned 485 acres and 9 slaves in Wilkes County and 575 acres in Washington County.24
By contrast, during this same tax year, Edmond owned just 400 acres and 1 slave. These
older and more established second cousins may have been the lures that enticed Edmond to
leave North Carolina and move to Georgia after the Revolution.
CHARLES AND THANG
Back in Virginia, on January 28, 1788, several of the children of Over Jordan were cited
in the will of John Dupree. I give to Edmund Jordan two Negroes, Charles and Thang.
To Merinda Foster: one girl, Abby. To Thomas Jordan: one negro girl, Rachel.25
This gift of two Negroes to Edmond Jordan may be reflected on the 1790 tax
list of Wilkes County as well. (The Wilkes County tax lists of 1788 and 1789 are missing
from the record.) In 1790, Edmond Jordan is listed with 487 acres and four slaves, twice
many as the two slaves shown in 1787.26 Another observation can be made about
the John Dupree estate settlement in Virginia. It suggests that Alsey Jordan, the mother
of Edmond Jordan, had passed away sometime before 1788 and that the guardianship of these
Jordan children had been assumed by John Dupree. Alsey Jordan must have been either the
daughter or sister of John Dupree.
THE JORDAN FARM ON DRY FORK
The exact location of the Jordan farm site in Wilkes County proves difficult to pinpoint.
The only land grant specifically assigned to Edmond Jordan was a 200 acre plot in Wilkes
County, granted on September 13, 1788 and surveyed on September 29, 1788. This land,
originally assigned to William Brown (apparently William never possessed it), was located
on a branch of the Dry Fork of Long Creek and adjoined the property of Thomas
Payne. An actual copy of this land warrant is found in the Loose Records Section, in the
Edmond Jordan File, at the Georgia Archives. William Brown is also shown on the 1785 McRee
land plat as one of the neighbors of Richard McRee.
|Consequently, both the 1792 tax list of Wilkes County27
and the 1797 tax list of Oglethorpe County show Edmond (in place of Brown) living next to
A deed dated December 26, 1790, shows the transfer of 200 acres of land
on the Buffalo Fork of Long Creek from Joseph Cook to Milly Mann.28 These
200 acres are described as adjoining the property of Edmond Jourdin. Like Dry Fork Creek,
Buffalo Creek drains into Long Creek from the southwest. It flows almost parallel to, and
to the north of, Dry Fork Creek. Since Edmond is cited as next to the property of Mann,
his land would have been situated below Long Creek and between Dry Fork and Buffalo
The Wilkes County tax lists for this period also point to Edmond living in the area
between Long Creek and Dry Fork Creek. The 1792 tax list, shows Edmond taxed on 240 acres
on the waters of Dry Fork Creek adjoining Thomas Pain. The quantity of land taxed (240
acres) in 1792, however, reflected a decline of some 235 acres from the year before. In
1791, he had been taxed on 475 acres. Somewhere, somehow, some property was sold off.
The 1793 tax list continues to identify Edmonds holdings as on the waters of Dry
Fork Creek, but by 1793, he has reacquired enough land to be taxed on 510 acres. Edmond
maintained this same amount of land (510 - 515 acres), with minor fluctuations, through
the tax year of 1798. The repeated reference to 510 and/or 515 acres of taxable land
attributed to Edmond during the period of 1793 -1798 would seem to indicate stability and
that the locations on Dry Fork Creek and Long Creek were used interchangeably to describe
the same land parcel.
Perhaps, even the earlier description of Macks Creek property might refer to the
same land on the waters of Long Creek. As previously noted, in 1786, Goolsbees land
on Macks Creek was sold to Daniel Safford, who in turn, sold it to Benjamin Blake.
This land is described as next to Edmond Jordan. Eleven years later, the tax list of 1797
Oglethorpe County identifies Sarah Blake, the widow of Benjamin Blake, as living next to
Edmond Jordan.29 And, it should be noted that Benjamin Blake, although
deceased, is listed on the 1798 Oglethorpe tax list with land on the waters of Long Creek
adjoining Edmond Jordan. This same 1798 tax list, shows Edmond taxed on 515 acres and
adjoining Benjamin Blake on the waters of Long Creek.30 Perhaps Benjamin and
Edmond owned two separate pieces of land, one on Macks Creek and one on Long Creek,
and each were adjoining. Geographically, the position of Macks Creek is on the
opposite side of Long Creek and well down stream from the Dry Fork. The Macks Creek
reference, therefore, continues to be an enigma.
The evidence points to the location of the farm between Dry Fork Creek and Long Creek.
An interesting mosaic can be pieced together using the early land plats. The plats are
positioned on a line running from the northwest to the southeast, from the fork of Long
Creek and Buffalo Creek to the northwest bank of Dry Fork Creek. The fork of Long
|Creek and Buffalo Creek, a very noticeable landmark, is
found on the 1783 original land plat of Benjamin Allen. Allen is shown on the 1797 and
1798 tax lists as a neighbor of Edmond Jordan. Directly to the southeast of Allens
property and the fork in the creek is the 1783 land plat of Nathan Nall. The southeastern
boundary of Nalls land shares the boundary line with the 1786 land plat of Benjamin
Blake. Blakes land formed the eastern boundary of the 1791 plat of Josiah Jordan.
The southern tip of the plat of Nathan Nall also touches the 1791 land plat of Josiah
Jordan. On its southern side, Josiah Jordans land is bounded by the 1788 land plat
of Edmond Jordan and the 1784 land plat of Thomas Payne. Thomas Paynes land plat is
bordered by Dry Fork Creek on the south. A summary of the progression of plats follows:
Allen - On the fork of Long Creek and Buffalo Creek.
Nathan Nall - Below Benjamin Allen and adjoining Benjamin Blake.
Josiah Jordan - Adjoining Benjamin Blake on one side and Edmond Jordan on the other.
Edmond Jordan - Between Josiah Jordan and Thomas Payne.
Thomas Payne - Between Edmond Jordan and Dry Fork Creek.
(See Exhibit B.)
THE ROAD TO ALLENS IRONWORKS
An interesting piece of evidence appears in the form of a road designated to
Allens Ironworks that cuts across Edmonds property on Josiah
Jordans 1791 land plat. Lloyd's Topographical Map of Georgia, dated 1864, shows a
road that runs from Centerville toward Lexington that crosses Dry Fork Creek, Buffalo
Creek, and Long Creek, in that order. This 1864 road might be the very same road as the
road depicted on the land plat! If so, Edmonds homestead was probably located on the
road just above its intersection with Dry Fork Creek.
Two entries in the Inferior Court minutes further link Edmond Jordan to a road. The
first states: Ordered that Edmond Jordan, John Fanning and Benjamin Knox be
appointed commissioners of the road beginning at the county line on the Dry Fork and
leading up by Musgroves Iron Works into Knoxs settlement. 31
This citation must concern the same road designated as from Allens iron
works on Josiah Jordans 1791 land plat. (See Exhibit B) Incidentally,
Musgroves Iron Works were formerly known as Allens Ironworks. A Wilkes County
court case in 1798 awarded 1000 acres on Long Creek, previously mortgaged by Benjamin
Allen and foreclosed upon, to Jane Musgrove.32
A second entry appears one year later and shows Edmond appointed a road commissioner
Edmond Jordan from Allens old iron works to the Dry Fork of Long Creek
with all lawful hands. 33
In conclusion, the constant factor throughout all these land references is Long Creek.
All the streams, Macks Creek, Buffalo Creek and Dry Fork Creek, flow into Long
Creek. Consequently, all of these streams could be considered as waters of Long
|Macks Creek is well downstream from Buffalo
Creek, it would seem that Edmonds land on Macks Creek was a unique holding,
entirely separate from the Dry Fork property. Macks Creek was probably the location
of his first residence in Wilkes County. With the land grant in 1788, Edmond left
Macks Creek and moved further upstream to the area below the Buffalo Fork near Dry
Fork Creek. This later site is well documented. It would appear, therefore, without any
deed evidence showing it to be sold off, that Edmond continued to own the property around
Macks Creek while he lived at Dry Fork Creek.
Lloyd's Topographical Map of Georgia, dated 1864
An interesting observation can be made about the neighbors that appear in the deeds, tax
lists and land plats along with Edmond Jordan. Often they are more than just geographic
neighbors, they are blood neighbors. And, if they arent family in an early record,
the chances are good that they will be related in a later record. An example of a blood
|would be Over Jordan, who appears next to Edmond Jordan
on the 1792 tax list of Wilkes County. He is believed to be the younger brother of Edmond
from Northampton, NC. Another example was found on the 1791 land plat of Josiah Jordan.
The plat shows several people with land adjoining Josiah, one of whom is Edmond Jordan,
his second cousin.
Sometimes the connections were more remote. Isaac Eason appears on
the Oglethorpe County tax list, dated 1796, adjoining Edmond Jordan. Isaac Eason had
either a son or brother named Abraham Eason, who died in 1806. Abraham Eason seemed to be
related to Isaac Eason because his land also lay next to Edmond Jordan on the 1796 tax
list.34 Abraham Eason had several known daughters, one of whom was Rebecca
Eason. She would marry John Ogilvie. Later on, one of Edmonds children, Daridley
Jordan, would marry Benjamin Ogilvie, a cousin of John Ogilvie. Another daughter of
Abraham Eason, Nancy Eason, would marry Archelaus Pope, the brother of Edmonds wife,
Polly Pope Jordan. 35 When Abraham Eason died, Edmond Jordan and Archelaus
Pope, served as executors for his estate. So while Isaac Eason was not a blood neighbor of
Edmond Jordan, their families certainly became entwined through the future generations.
These early communities were webbed together as one family.
Know all men by these presents that we Archelaus Pope, Edmond Jordan and
Shadrack Smith are held and firmly bound into their honors, the judges of the Court of
Ordinary for the County of Oglethorpe and State of Georgia and their successors in office,
in the sum of four thousand dollars for the payment of which sum to the said judges and
their successors in office, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators
firmly by these presents sealed with our seals and dated this 7th of July 1806
in open court. The condition of the above obligation is such that if the above bound
Archelaus Pope administrator of the goods, chattels and credits of Abraham Eason, late of
this county deceased, do make a true and perfect inventory. 36
CAPTAIN EDMOND JORDAN
Of further interest are the 1790, 1791 and 1792 Wilkes County tax lists where Edmond
Jordan is designated as the Captain of his Militia and Tax District, and serving in
Colonel Freemans Battalion. The title of Captain that was ascribed to
Edmond in the family Bible may be derived from this service in the Georgia Militia. A
notice in the Augusta Chronicle, dated April 23, 1791, states:
GOVERNMENT HOUSE, Augusta, April 16, 1791 - The rank and arrangement of the
militia of Colonel Freemans battalion in Wilkes County, are established this day in
the following order . . . .
Thirteenth Company - Edmond Jordan, Esq. Captain, Richard Nalls, Gent. 1st
Lieutenant, Theophilus Hill, Gent. 2nd Lieutenant. 37
A reference made in The Hills of Wilkes County, Volume 2, page 658, ties
the militia service of Edmond Jordan to his marriage: A DAR entry claimed that
Edmund Jordan of
|the 13th Company Freemans Battalion
of Wilkes Co., m. Apr. 16, 1791, but no brides name is given. 38
While no documentation has been found to support this marriage date, the reference to
Edmonds service in the 13th Company of Freemans Battalion does
agree with both the 1791 article in the Augusta Chronicle and his title of Captain on
Wilkes County tax lists.
A LATE MARRIAGE
The name of the bride in the above DAR citation is unknown, but at some time Edmond did
marry Mary Polly Ridley Pope, the daughter of Lewis Pope and Jemima Jones. The
Pope/Jordan marriage is confirmed by the will of Lewis Pope: Item, I will &
bequeath unto my daughter, Polly Ridley Jourdan, one negro woman named Anaka at the
valuation of three hundred & fifty dollars, also one bed & furniture, both of
which she now has in her possession. 39
It is interesting to note that like Edmond Jordan, Polly Pope was born in Halifax, NC.
Certainly, the Pope and Jordan families were acquainted with each other before the
Revolution and afterwards in post-war Georgia. It would seem, however, that Edmond was
unusually old (he was born in 1761) to be marrying for the first time in the 1790s. His
first known child, Jemima, was born around 1799. (The 1800, 1820, and 1830 Oglethorpe
County census records establish the birth of Jemima between 1794 and 1799.)40
If Jemimas birth actually occurred in 1799, then Edmond would have become a new and
first time father at the tender age of 38 years! This begs the question of whether or not
Edmond had been married previously.
It must be said, however, that a 1791 Pope/Jordan marriage is entirely possible. Lewis
Pope is shown on the 1790 Wilkes County tax list in Colonel Freemans Battalion and
Captain John Popes militia district. Although in different militia districts, he
does share the same County and the same Battalion as does Edmond Jordan. The Pope family
certainly is near and in position for the marriage of Mary Polly Pope to Edmond Jordan in
The close of 1793 saw the formation of Oglethorpe County from parts of Wilkes County,
other counties and Indian lands.41 The area where Edmond lived, southeast of
present day Lexington, was in the portion of Wilkes County that became Oglethorpe County.
In fact, it appears that Dry Fork Creek, a landmark used to identify Edmonds
property on multiple deeds, land plats and tax lists, actually formed the county line
between Oglethorpe and Wilkes County. (See 1864 map above.) This would suggest that
all his Wilkes County property was located on the northwest bank or Oglethorpe
side of Dry Fork Creek. The two references found in the Minutes of the Inferior
Court (as previously cited) confirm that Edmonds property and neighbors near Dry
Fork Creek were now in Oglethorpe County. From 1794, until his death in 1836, Edmond would
claim his county of residence as Oglethorpe County.
A SETTLEMENT OF NORTH CAROLINIANS
It is interesting to note that Lexington, the county seat of Oglethorpe County, was
planned and established near a group of settlers from North Carolina. Lexington
was established in 1793. When the state legislature created Oglethorpe County, it also
selected the county seat's location. The town's original site was chosen because of its
proximity to a settlement of North Carolinians. Because of the lack of good springs, the
county seat was moved to its current location, located near approximately twenty
springs. The original location lies two miles southeast of Lexington. Thought to have been
a small, preexisting village, Lexington was named after the Massachusetts town where the
first blood was shed in the Revolutionary War. 42 The North
Carolinians responsible for Lexington were none other than Edmond Jordan and his
neighbors. Edmond would remain close to Lexington for the rest of his life. Some of these
North Carolinian neighbors are listed below:
Josiah and Benjamin Jordan were second cousins of Edmond and from the same area
in northern North Carolina and southern Virginia as was Edmond. On his land plat of 1791,
Josiah is shown as a neighbor of Edmond Jordan. (See Exhibit C). On the tax list of
1792 Wilkes County, Josiah Jordan is shown with lands adjoining McRee. On the tax list of
1797 Oglethorpe County, Edmond Jordan is taxed on land originally granted to self
and McRee. On the tax list of 1793 Wilkes County, Josiah Jordans land adjoins
Edmond Jordan. Benjamin Jordans land is listed as adjoining Blake on the
Wilkes County tax lists of 1792 and 1793, and the Oglethorpe County tax list of 1796.
Benjamin Blake is shown on land plats dated 1786 and 1791 as situated between
Josiah Jordan and Abraham Hill on the waters of Dry Fork and Long Creek.(See Exhibit
B.) He also purchased the land ( from Goolsbee/Safford) next to Edmond Jordan at
Macks Creek in 1790. Benjamin continues to show as a neighbor of Edmond on the
Oglethorpe County tax lists of 1797 and 1798. He married Sarah Hill, the daughter of Abraham
Hill, in Wake County, North Carolina.
Abraham Hill, the father of Sarah Hill Blake, came to Georgia from Wake
County, NC. He served as a Lieutenant Colonel in Wade Hamptons North Carolina
Regulars during the Revolutionary War. His property is shown next to Blake on a land plat
dated 1786 and the 1797 Oglethorpe County tax list. He married Elizabeth McGeehee in
1791 Wilkes County. Miles Hill, a son of Abraham, married Tabitha Pope, the daughter of
Burwell Pope. Burwell Pope was the brother of Lewis Pope. A daughter, named Judith,
married Josiah Jordan. 43
More notes concerning Abraham Hill:
His son, Theophilus Hill, served under Captain Edmond Jordan as a 2nd
Lieutenant in the 1791 Wilkes County Militia. Another son of Abraham Hill, Thomas Hill,
married Sally McGehee. Thomas apparently died young, and Sally remarried Dionysius
Oliver. A Wilkes County land plat granted to Richard McRee and dated November
|shows the lands of Dionysius Oliver adjoining
the lands of Jordan.
As already mentioned, Lewis Pope, the father of Mary Pope
Jordan, came from Halifax, North Carolina. Lewis owns land next to Edmond Jordan on
the 1800 and 1805 tax lists of Oglethorpe County. Lewis Pope initially appears in
Wilkes County on the 1790 tax list in Captain John Popes Militia District of Colonel
Dr. Thomas Johnson of North Carolina, and his son James Johnson, were
permanent and long time neighbors of Edmond Jordan after Edmond moved to Grove Creek (near
Lexington) around 1799. The lands of Thomas Johnson appear next to Lewis Pope on
the Oglethorpe County tax lists of 1796, 1799, and 1800, and next to Edmond Jordan on the
Oglethorpe County tax lists of 1799, 1801, 1802, and 1803. The same property, now
attributed to his son, James Johnson,45 appeared next to Edmond on the
Oglethorpe County tax lists of 1806, 1807,1809, 1810,1811, 1812, 1813,1814, 1815, 1816,
1817, 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821, 1822, 1823, 1824, 1825, 1829, and 1830.
Benjamin Allen of North Carolina owned extensive holdings around the fork of
Long Creek and Buffalo Creek. A land plat dated 1785 shows him with 1000 acres in this
same area. Allens land appears next to Jordans land on the 1785 land plat of
Richard McRee and next to Josiah Jordans land plat of 1791. There is a road that
cuts across Richard McRees 1785 land plat that is labeled road from Washington
to Allens Mill. It is believed that this same road, labeled as Road to
Allens Ironworks appears on the 1791 land plat of Josiah Jordan. (See
515 ACRES OF CONTROVERSY
On November 15th of 1797, Edmond bought 275 acres on Dry Fork Creek from
Richard McRee. The land is described as lying and situate on a branch of the Dry
Fork of Long Creek containing two hundred & seventy five acres, the same more or less,
beginning at a red oak corner on the branch, thence on Easons line North forty five
East three chains to a red oak corner, thence on said Jordans line North ten East
thirty chains to a post oak corner, thence on Jordans line & Dardens North
eighty West, seventy four chains to a hickory corner, thence on Benjamin Allens line
& surveyed land South ten West fifty one chains to a pine corner, thence South eighty
West to a hickory corner on the aforesaid branch, thence down the same as it meanders to
the beginning. 46 This is an exact description of one half of
Richard McRees 1785 land plat, containing the road from Washington to Allens
Mill. The tax list of 1797 Oglethorpe County seems to reflect this purchase. It shows that
Edmond was taxed on 515 acres of land granted to self and McRee.
The collection date of the 1797 tax list, however, and the late purchase date of
November 1797, would seem to indicate that Edmond owned some of McRees land before
November 1797. The 1797 taxes were paid for land occupied during 1797, before the purchase
of McRees land. Curiously, the 1796 tax list of Oglethorpe County showed
|Edmond Jordan taxed on 515 acres. The 1797 tax list
shows Edmond taxed on 515 acres, originally granted to self and McRee, as did
the 1798 tax list of Oglethorpe County. So, if Edmond owned a constant 515 acres for the
years of 1796, 1797, and 1798, then where are the 275 acres listed that he purchased from
Richard McRee? With the addition of 275 acres during this period, he should have owned 790
acres on the tax list of 1798, assuming no property has been sold off. In this case, the
tax record does not agree with the existing deed record.
In 1792, Wilkes County taxed
Edmond Jordan on 240 acres. In 1793, he was taxed on 510 acres, an increase of 270 acres.
This would appear to reflect the acreage picked up from McRee in 1797. Could the deed
between McRee and Jordan, dated 1797, and ascribed to Oglethorpe County, actually be from
1792 Wilkes County?
Also, several other deeds, as they are dated, are not reflected on the corresponding
tax lists. On one, dated October 20, 1802, Edmond purchased 40 acres of land from Josiah
Jordan. The property is described as: Lying on the waters of Dry Fork Creek
adjoining lands of said Josiah Jordan, beginning at a post oak corner on Edmond
Jordans line, thence South 41 E to a post oak corner, thence North 65 E to a white
oak corner on Paynes land, thence North 72 W to a post oak corner on Blakes
land, thence North 20 W to a pine corner on said Blakes land, thence South 70 W to a
post oak corner on Blakes land, from thence to the beginning corner. 47
The Oglethorpe County tax lists for both the years of 1802 and 1803, show Edmond taxed
on a constant 168 ¾ acres.48 49
These 40 acres of land were included in a parcel of 240 acres lying in the County of
Oglethorpe on the waters of Dry Fork Creek that Edmond sold to James Colley on October 23,
1804. Beginning at a stake corner on Benjamin Frys land, thence East to a
white oak corner on said Frys land, thence South 22 E. to a post oak corner on said
Frys land, thence East 5 N to a pine corner on Abraham Easons land, thence
North 49 E to a post oak corner on said Easons land, thence North 49 W to a post oak
corner on said Colleys land, thence North 65 E to a white oak corner on Benjamin
Blakes land, thence North 72 W to a post oak corner on said Blakes land,
thence North 20 W to a pine corner on said Blakes land, thence South 70 W to a post
oak corner on said Blakes land, thence South 33 W to the beginning. 50
Again, this transaction was not reflected on the tax list. In 1805, Edmond was still taxed
on the same 168 ¾ acres that were reflected in 1802 and 1803.51
It would appear that all these transactions, the purchase of 275 acres from Richard
McRee, the purchase of 40 acres from Josiah Jordan and the 1788 land grant of 200 acres to
Edmond Jordan, are reflected in the 1796 -1798 Oglethorpe County tax lists where Edmond
was taxed on 515 acres, and originated before 1793 in Wilkes County. Was this a case of
post dating, to get the newly formed Oglethorpe County and its records up to date? By
1799, all the lands in question were sold off, even though one of the deeds was dated as
late as 1804, and replaced by 168 ¾ acres on Grove Creek.
|GOLDEN GROVE CREEK
The 1793 tax list of Wilkes County shows Lewis Pope, the father of Mary Polly
Pope Jordan, living in Captain Needham Norres Company between Grove Creek and Beaver
Dam Creek.52 The 1798 tax list of Oglethorpe County further adds that this land
was originally granted to John Freeman.53 In 1783, Freeman was granted 1000
acres of land on Golden Grove Creek. His land plat shows the creek flowing east to west,
through a beaver pond, and bisecting the property. On the western side of the property
were lands owned by Absalom Knox.54 (See Exhibit D.) Not so
coincidentally, by the end of 1799, Edmond and Polly would also be living near Grove
Creek, on land formerly granted to Absalom Knox.55 In other words, the Jordans
would move next door to Pollys parents, Lewis and Jemima Pope. The move to Grove
Creek may have been dictated by a family crisis such as the birth of Jemima Jordan or the
failing health of Pollys father, Lewis Pope.
As has been stated, Edmonds
move to Grove Creek is first noted on the Oglethorpe County tax list of 1799 where Edmond
Jordan is shown to be living in Captain Seymour Lees District and taxed on 168 ¾
acres. These acres are described as being part of an original land grant to Absalom Knox
and they adjoin the property of Thomas Johnson. This time, the acquisition of land is
confirmed by the deed record. On January 1, 1799, Mary Knox of Iredell County, North
Carolina, sold to Edmond Jordan for the price of $422, 168 ¾ acres of land on the waters
of Grove Creek. Mary Knox is the widow of Absalom Knox. Her land is described as follows: Beginning
at a hickory running North thirty two chains fifty links to a pine, thence West thirty
chains to an ash, thence north thirteen chains fifty links to a poplar, thence West
fifteen chains and fifty links to a dogwood, thence South forty six chains to a poplar,
thence east forty five chains fifty links to the beginning, being part of a tract of land
granted to Absalom Knox the 14th day of February, 1788. 56
The tax list of 1799 shows Edmond Jordan and Lewis Pope, their names recorded next to
each other, and the lands of both adjoin the property of Thomas Johnson. Like the case of
Josiah and Edmond earlier, paying taxes together seems to have been a family thing. The
tax lists continue to show the lands of Lewis Pope adjoining those of Edmond Jordan
through the year of 1805. (Lewis Pope is listed as deceased on the 1805 tax list of
Oglethorpe County.)57 With the Grove Creek purchase, a new chapter began in the
life of Edmond Jordan.
Once settled at Grove Creek, Edmond and Polly began to concentrate on raising their
family. As previously mentioned, Jemima Jordan, the first known child of Edmond and Polly,
was born during this same time period. She was named after Jemima Jones Pope, the mother
of Polly Jordan and the second wife of Lewis Pope. The very name of the child, Jemima,
might indicate that the new parents were much indebted to Pollys mother, also named
Jemima, for her help during the birth ordeal. Unfortunately, Jemima Jordan
|would die young, sometime after 1830. An entry found in
The Hills of Wilkes County places her birth around 1799 and her death around
1821.58 The 1799 birth date is supported by three Oglethorpe County census
records (1800, 1820, 1830) that show her birth may have fallen anywhere between 1794 and
1799. Again, if she were born in 1799, then this date would coincide with the 1799
acquisition of land next to Lewis Pope at Grove Creek. [NOTE: The
date of Jemimas death as reported in The Hills of Wilkes County is
wrong. She appears on the 1830 Census of Oglethorpe County, in the family of Edmond
Jordan, as a female, age (30-40).]
The family Bible states that a son, Willis
Asbury Jordan, was born on November 8, 1801.59 This date is also confirmed in The
Hills of Wilkes County.60 It is thought that Willis was named after two
people, Willis Pope, a cousin, and Francis Asbury, a prominent Methodist preacher in early
Georgia. Willis Asbury Jordan would become a Methodist preacher and my Great Great Great
Oglethorpe County census records place the birth of a second daughter, Day Ridley
Jordan, between 1803-1806.61 The Hills of Wilkes County places
her birth around 1803. She was named after her grandmother, Mary Elizabeth Ridley, and her
great grandmother, Elizabeth Day. The Day and Ridley families were prominent in Colonial
THE ROAD TO ATHENS
Court records in 1802 reflect Edmonds becoming an integral and respected part of the
Grove Creek/Lexington community. The Inferior Court of Oglethorpe County during its June
1802 term appointed Edmond for jury duty to begin in November 1802. (He would also serve
as a juror in January 1808.) During the same June term, the court would call upon his
experience of maintaining the road back at Dry Fork Creek. It appointed Edmond to be a
road commissioner to survey and report on the feasibility of building a road near his
property on Grove Creek. This road would eventually become the road from Athens to
Ordered that Edmond Jordan, Henry Johnson, and Thomas Lester be and they are
hereby appointed to view and report to the next Court the necessity of a road to be opened
from near the head of Grove Creek to Knoxs old ford and from thence by William Biers
and by Pitman Lumpkins and from thence to meet a road cleared from Jackson Court
house to the sulphur spring. 62
The investigation apparently took longer than expected. It was a year and a half later
before the report was presented to the Court. But, based on Edmonds endorsement, the
report was promptly approved and the tasks of construction were delegated to overseers.
By virtue of an order appointing Edmond Jordan, Henry Johnson, and Thomas
Lester commissioners to view and report to this Court the necessity of a road to be opened
from near the head of Grove Creek to Knoxs old ford and from thence by William Biers
by Pitman Lumpkins store and from thence to meet a road cleared from Jackson
Court house to the sulphur spring ---- Said commissioners report necessary and that it
should run from the line of Clark County to the Beaver Dam Meeting House from thence to
John Lesters house from thence to William Beirs from thence a marked line to Thomas
Ordered that: Frances Baily be overseer of the road from the County line near the Sulphur
Springs to the Beaver Dam Meeting House.
John Lester from the Beaver Dam Meeting House to Lesters house.
Lewis J. Dupree from John Lesters to Thomas Jordans.
William Leslie overseer of the road from Lexington to Grove Creek. 63
A year later, the scope of the road had increased. It is no longer described as
stopping at the County Line. Now, it extends all the way to Athens. Edmond was given
responsibility for maintaining a portion of this road: It is ordered that William
Leslie be overseer of the road leading from Lexington to Athens, beginning at Lexington
and work to Grove Creek with the following hands (to wit): Edmond Jordan, William
Applewhite, Thomas Jordan, Ezekiel Gilham, William Day and Logan Vint. 64
Again in 1807, Edmond was appointed to work on the road, this time under the
supervision of his brother, Thomas Jordan: It is ordered that Thomas Jordan be
overseer of the road from Lexington to Grove Creek with the following hands: Edmond
Jordan, Ezekiel Gilliam, John Good, Logan Vint, Daniel G. Moore, William Lasley. 65
By following the various descriptions for the route of the road, a rough sketch of the
neighbors, starting with Edmond Jordan at Grove Creek, proceeding west along the Lexington
to Athens Highway, and finishing at the Oglethorpe/Clarke County line is presented. Many
of these names are shown near Edmond on the tax lists and land plats. Some are actually
GROVE CREEK NEIGHBORS
It is necessary at this time to break with the narrative in order to identify the
relationships that exist among some of these neighbors. The neighborhood will be found to
be a tangled web of parents, siblings and in-laws.
First and foremost is the appearance of Thomas Jordans property on the road
description of 1804. Thomas Jordan was Edmonds younger brother from North
Carolina. He first appeared in Oglethorpe County near Edmond on the 1802 tax list.66
The deed record agrees with the tax list. On October 2, 1802, Thomas Jordan bought 169
acres in Oglethorpe County from Benjamin Knox.67 Benjamin was the brother of
Absalom Knox. Again, the tax list of 1804 shows him with 169 acres of land on Grove Creek,
originally granted to Absalom Knox, and living next to George Philips.68 (Note,
Thomas and Edmond are both living on land originally granted to Absalom Knox.)
|Dr. George Philips, the 1804 neighbor of Thomas
Jordan, was married to Jemima Pope, the sister of Polly Jordan and the daughter
of Lewis Pope. In fact, the will of Lewis Pope appointed George Philips and Lewis
Popes son, Archelus Pope, to be executors of the estate. George also served
as an agent for Absalom Knox, deceased. Apparently, he paid taxes for the estate of
Absalom in 1804.69
The 1804 tax list also shows George Philips living next to
William Ogilvie. 70 William Ogilvie was the husband of Rebecca Pope, the
sister of Polly Jordan and the daughter of Lewis Pope.
Back to Thomas Jordan, he married Priscilla Applewhite back in Greensville
County, Virginia. Priscilla was the sister of William Applewhite who appears with
Thomas Jordan as a lawful hand on the road crew appointed by the court in June
1805. William and Thomas were brothers-in-law. The 1805 tax list shows William Applewhite
with 190 ½ acres on Grove Creek originally granted to Absalom Knox and adjoining the
property of Edmond Jordan.71 The same tax list shows Edmond Jordans
property adjoining the property of Lewis Pope. The relationship of the road to
Applewhites property is shown in a deed dated November 13, 1818. In the warranty
deed, William Applewhite sold to Robert Freeman, 17 acres on the Lexington
and Athens Road.72
The 1805 tax list shows Thomas Jordans property adjoining the property of William
Vint 73 while the 1812 tax list shows Thomas next to Logan Vint.74
William was probably the father of the Logan Vint who is shown as a lawful
hand on the road crew appointed in 1807.
The tax lists 1801-1803 all show Edmond Jordan living next to Thomas Johnson. In
1806, however, Edmond Jordans property adjoins the property of James Johnson.
Thomas Johnson died in 1805. His will, recorded February 13, 1805 states: I lend
to my beloved wife, during her natural life, or widowhood, the use of the tract of land
whereon I now live, also my tract of land on the grove creek, containing 203 acres,
adjoining Lewis Pope and Edmond Jordan, and at the death or
marriage of my wife, I give and bequeath said tract of land to my son, James
. Having given to my son, Henry Johnson, three hundred
acres of land on Clouds Creek, I also give and bequeath to him and his heirs, one negro
man named George. 75
Henry Johnson, the son of Thomas Johnson, was appointed a Commissioner in 1802
along with Edmond Jordan for the road project running from Grove Creek to the County line.
Lewis J. Dupree, who was appointed overseer in 1804 for the section of road
running from John Lesters to Thomas Jordans, may have been a cousin of Edmond
Jordan. As previously noted, Edmonds mother was probably named Alsey Dupree. Lewis
witnessed the will of Edmond Jordan in 1836.
|Thomas Lester was one of the three commissioners
appointed in 1802 to do the feasibility study for the road. The 1800 Census shows him with
a son, 16-25. This was probably John Lester. In 1804, John Lester was appointed to
be an overseer.
Pittman Lumpkin married Nancy Hendrick on January 23,
1802. Part of the road to be surveyed in 1802 is identified by Pittman Lumpkins
place. Pittman died shortly thereafter, and Nancy remarried John Lester. In 1804,
the road is no longer identified as Pitmans place, but rather, Lesters house.
THE LEXINGTON RACES
Apparently, horse racing was a popular pastime for the early pioneers and citizens of
Lexington, Georgia. Around the turn of the Twentieth Century, Rebecca Latimer Felton, the
widow of the Honorable W. H. Felton, wrote:
After I married into the Felton family I gathered a lot of information as to
the way Georgia pioneers lived from such reminiscences. One of the stories that delighted
me was their recollections of some famous race horses that were trained and raced at
Lexington, Ga. These were four-mile heats and sixteen miles to run to be declared the
winner. As I recollect, Col. Wade Hampton's medium-sized gray mare was the best racer of
that early time. Money was staked by men from a number of different states, and crowds
attended from all eastern Georgia. 76
It seems that Edmond might have been a participant in this excitement surrounding the
horses. On July 4th 1807, an advertisement appeared in the Augusta Chronicle
that solicited business for E. Jordans equestrian services:
The Imported Horse
Will stand in the town of Washington until the 20th of September next, at 31
dollars, payable by note, the 1st of January next; good accommodations for
mares, and fed as directed, at a moderate price.
E. Jordan & J. Barnett 77
More evidence of Edmunds involvement in the horse business is the 1813 tax
list of Oglethorpe County that shows Edmond being taxed on a stud horse.78
The training, boarding and studding of horses must have been a big part of the livelihood
on the Jordan farm. This might explain the relatively small amount of acreage (168 acres)
on which Edmond was taxed during the years 1799-1809. Horse training and studding would
not necessitate the extensive acreages that were required by cotton and tobacco. Perhaps
the move to Grove Creek was neither dictated by Jemimas impending birth, nor a
health crisis in the Pope family, but rather, by the Lexington Races.
With the settlement of the affairs of his late father-in-law, Lewis Pope, and a wife and
|three children to support, Edmond turned his attention
to increasing the size of his estate. First of all, he moved to increase the lands of his
horse farm. On the 15th day of November 1808, Edmond for the sum of $462.00
purchased an additional 84 acres on Grove Creek from Willis Pope. The deed reads: All
that parcel of land situate, lying and being in the aforesaid County and State on the
waters of Grove Creek containing eighty four acres beginning at a sweet gum corner and
running East 37 chains to a pine stake, thence South 25 E 22 chains 50 links to a pine,
thence West 40 chains to a dogwood, thence North 20 chains 10 links to the beginning
corner. It being part of a tract originally granted to John Freeman, deceased, and
conveyed by said Freeman to Lewis Pope, deceased, and bequeathed by said Lewis Pope to
Willis Pope. 79
The tax list of 1809 confirms that Edmonds
land holdings on Grove Creek have increased from 168 ½ acres in 1808 to 252 ¾ acres in
1809. In addition, Edmond is shown on the same tax list as owning 202 ½ acres in
Wilkinson County.80 All total, Edmond owned some 455 acres by the end of 1809.81
Another indication of this growing estate is reflected in his slave holdings. For the year
1799, Edmond owned nine slaves. By the end of 1810, he would own 15 slaves.82
THE GEORGIA LOTTERY OF 1805
It should be noted that during this period, due to the 1805 Georgia Land Lottery,
Wilkinson County became an attractive area for our Oglethorpe family. Thomas Jordan, Over
Jordan, and Edmond Jordan all appear in the lottery as persons entitled to
draws.83 All the Jordan brothers are listed as entitled to one draw.
Thomas Jordan seems to have led the charge. The 1808 Oglethorpe tax list shows
Thomas Jordan with a recently acquired land grant of 202 ½ acres in Wilkinson County,
District 7.84 Thomas almost immediately sold this grant to William Applewhite,
his brother-in-law. The tax list of 1809 shows William with 202 ½ acres of land in
Wilkinson County, originally granted to Thomas Jordan.85 By 1809 Edmond, too,
had received a grant for 202 ½ acres in Wilkinson County, District 19.
The land rush to Wilkinson County, as such, appears to be short lived. Thomas, as
noted, sold off his grant to his brother-in-law, William Applewhite, almost immediately.
And, by the end of 1812, Edmond had sold his grant,86 as had William by the end
of 1815.87 Of all three, the absence of William Applewhite on the Oglethorpe
tax lists, for the years of 1813 to 1814, would suggest that he was the only one to
actually move to Wilkinson County. (No tax records of Over Jordan have been found to
confirm his possible land history in Wilkinson County, as of the date of this manuscript.)
CONNECTING THE DOTS
Piecing together the Lexington neighborhood surrounding Edmond Jordan, for the time period
of 1810 to 1820, would produce the following mosaic:
Edmond Jordan lives next to William Applewhite. William Applewhite lives next to
|Thomas Jordan. Thomas Jordan lives next to John and
Catherine Newton, and, after 1812, Thomas Jordan is next to William H. Crawford.88
The widow, Catherine Newton, must have sold her land to Crawford. William H. Crawford
continues to show on the tax lists as a neighbor of Thomas Jordan until 1819. (Oglethorpe
County Tax Lists, 1810 -1819).
Rev. John Newton, who lived just two doors
down from Edmond,89 was the famous preacher who brought the Presbyterian Church
to Georgia. Although he died before 1800, his land was recorded on the tax lists as
Newtons land well into the 1800s.
William H. Crawford began his career as a lawyer in Lexington, then became a Georgia
Senator in 1802. He progressed to the United States Senate in 1807, where he became
President Pro tem of the Senate. After serving as Minister to France, he was appointed
Secretary of the United states Treasury in 1816. He was nominated in 1824 to run for the
Vice Presidency on the same ticket with Andrew Jackson. When the election did not go his
way, he returned to Georgia, to the same Grove Creek community where Edmond lived. Both
Crawford County, Georgia, and more importantly for this report, the town of Crawford
(between Lexington and Athens), are named for him. 90
A LEGACY OF EDUCATION
Status in a community was not just a function of personal wealth. It was also a
measurement of education. Many of the early pioneers could not read or write. Many of the
early deeds, for example, were signed with His Mark, which was usually an
X. Edmond, on the other hand, would often sign his name, EDMd
Jordan, without vowels. This is frustrating for the researcher because it is
difficult to determine whether the name was spelled Edmond with an
o, or Edmund with a u. Never-the-less, the fact that
Edmond could write placed him above the norm. In the Augusta Chronicle dated January 28,
1797, Edmund Jordan appears in a list of letters that have not been picked up
at the Augusta Post Office. A letter addressed to him would indicate that he could read.
Again, this indicates that he was educated in the literary skills. Another example of his
literacy might be the already cited advertisement that appeared in the 1807 Augusta
Chronicle (about his boarding services for horses). He understood the power of print and
desired to attract literate upscale clients.
Education was, therefore, an important priority for Edmond as he struggled to maintain
his status among the William H. Crawfords of the community. He sent his only son, Willis
A. Jordan, to the newly formed Meson Academy in Lexington, Georgia. Willis was being
groomed to maintain the social status that his father enjoyed. An article appearing in the
Athens Gazette testifies to Willis being a student at Meson Academy:
At an examination of the students of Meson Academy, the trustees, with a view
to excite in the minds of the youth of this Institution a laudable ambition to persevere
in the pursuit of knowledge, have deemed it proper to notice those who excelled in the
. Those next examined were: John Gresham, Edmund Jenkins,
Willis Jordan, William Walker, and William Wray in Arithmetic. J. Gresham was entitled to
first distinction. - Lexington, July 23, 1814 91
While the thirteen year old Willis Jordan did not earn academic honors in 1814, the
power of education would still serve him and his future family well. One of the sons of
Willis Jordan, Lorenzo H. Jordan, would become a doctor. Another son, Willis P. Jordan,
would become a lawyer. Wesley Thomas Jordan, would become the Spalding County Surveyor. A
daughter, Emily C. Jordan, would marry Dr. J. J. Caldwell, a famous politician and doctor
in Pike County. The legacy of education and status that Edmond imparted to Willis would
manifest itself many times over in future generations.
During the same time that Edmond was boarding and studding horses, an economic revolution
was occurring throughout the South manifesting itself in the form of cotton.
Eli Whitney had invented the cotton gin in 1794, but it was not until 1807, when
Congress refused to renew the patent rights, that the gin was made accessible to small
planters throughout the South. This was the very same year in which E. Jordans horse
boarding ad ran in the Augusta Chronicle. Eli Whitney's machine could produce up to 23 kg
(50 lb) of cleaned cotton daily, making southern cotton a profitable crop for the first
time. Raising cotton literally became the rage. By the year of 1810, the effects of Eli
Whitneys cotton gin were beginning to be felt through out Georgia, and on
Edmonds farm. The demand for more cotton (and more profits) led to a higher demand
for more slaves. The dramatic switch to a cotton based economy can be seen in the
increasing numbers of slaves that Edmond owned during the period of 1807 to 1820.
In 1786, the Wilkes County tax list shows Edmond with 1 slave. Twenty one years later,
in 1807, he would still own a modest 11 slaves. Then the cotton gin was introduced into
Georgia. In progression, by 1808, Edmond owned 12 slaves, by 1809 - 13 slaves, 1810 - 15
slaves, 1811 - 15 slaves, 1812 - 18 slaves, 1813 - 18 slaves, 1814 - 20 slaves, 1815 - 21
slaves, 1816 - 24 slaves, and by 1817 - 25 slaves. In the ten years that followed the
patenting of the cotton gin, Edmond had increased his slave holdings by 14, as compared to
ten in the twenty one years prior to 1807. Over this ten year period, the rate of increase
was triple the rate prior to 1807. And, the rate of increase would become even faster. By
1820, the Oglethorpe County census listed Edmond with 30 slaves.
By 1822, cotton had become so integrated and entwined into the culture, that it became
the currency that was awarded in court cases.
Willis A. Jordan versus John Crutchfield - Attachments the same - Returnable
to April Term 1822.
It appearing to the Court that the first of said attachments has been levied on ten
bales of cotton & the last mentioned are on six bales of cotton & that the said
property is of a
perishable nature, on motion of council for plaintiff, it is ordered that the said
property levied on be sold by the Sheriff and the monies arising from such sale be
deposited in the Clerks Office subject to future orders of the Court. 92
While nothing is known about the complaint that Willis Jordan filed against John
Crutchfield, it is interesting that the settlement was to be paid the form of cotton.
Apparently, once the entire settlement (in cotton) had been collected by the court, then
it would then be turned over to the plaintiff. Concerned that the cotton would perish
before the entire levy was collected, the attorney for Willis, the plaintiff, asked for
that which was already collected to be sold and converted to currency.
The 1820 Oglethorpe County census indicates that both male and female slaves, as well
as entire slave families, were employed in picking the cotton. Of the thirty slaves
belonging to Edmond, fourteen were male and sixteen were female. Two of the thirty were
over 45 years in age, one being a male and the other a female. 93 They were
probably a married couple and some of the other slaves listed were their children. Of
special note, the 45+ male might have been either the Charles or Thang that were
bequeathed to Edmond in the will of John Dupree. Future documentation will point to him
Incidentally, the 1820 census is the only census that shows the entire known family of
Edmond Jordan, under one roof. It reads:
1 male (16-26) - Willis A. Jordan
1 male (45+) - Edmond
1 female (10-16) - Daridley
1 female (16-26) - Jemima
1 female (45+) - Polly
[Note: Edmond and the oldest man slave (Charles) are both in the same age category (45+).]
As Edmond approached his sixtieth birthday in 1821, any dreams of becoming a prominent
horse trainer had been submerged under a tidal wave of cotton. Edmond Jordan, tobacco
farmer and horse trainer, had become Edmond Jordan, the cotton planter.
The seventh decade of Edmonds life would be dominated by family concerns. By 1832,
One of his three children, Jemima, had either left home or passed away. His other two
children, Willis and Day Ridley Jordan were married and busily raising their families. By
age seventy, Edmond could claim the title of grandfather with four, and maybe even six,
grandchildren.94 These golden years would begin solemnly. In the early summer
of 1822, William Applewhite, Edmonds neighbor and Thomas Jordans
brother-in-law passed away. Since Thomas Jordan had relocated to Madison County, that left
his son, Henry, as the nearest and closest in-law of William Applewhite. Accordingly,
Henry applied for and
|was granted letters of administration for the
Applewhite estate. Edmond helped out his nephew Henry by serving as an appraiser. This was
a dramatic gesture because it symbolized the passing of the torch from the older
generation of Thomas and Edmond to the younger generation of Henry, and by association,
On July 11th 1822, citation was granted unto Henry Jordan letters of
administration on the estate of William Applewhite, deceased:
We do hereby certify upon oath that as far as was produced to us by Henry
Jordan, Administrator, the above and foregoing is a true appraisement of the goods,
chattels, and credits of the Estate of William Applewhite, deceased to the best of our
judgment and understanding. - William Ogilvie, EDMd Jordan, Mathew Barber
I do hereby certify that the above appraisers were sworn before me according to law -
30th October 1822. John Hardeman, JSC 94
Henry Jordan would marry the daughter of William Applewhite, Betsey Applewhite, on
December 23, 1823 in Oglethorpe County. They were first cousins.
As stated, two children of Edmond and Polly Jordan would be married in the decade of
the 1820s. In their cases - not them, but their spouses were first cousins. On September
10, 1822 in Oglethorpe County, Willis Asbury Jordan, married Sarah Wesley Dunn. 95
Sarah was the daughter of the Reverend Thomas Dunn SR and Elizabeth Collier. Thomas Dunn
was a Methodist preacher and a veteran of the Revolutionary War. Elizabeth Collier was the
daughter of Vines Collier, a veteran of the French and Indian Wars.
Edmond may have supplied the young couple with an unusual marriage gift. The Oglethorpe
County tax list of 1823 shows Edmond Jordan with just 23 slaves, down seven from the
thirty he owned in 1820. 96 The same 1823 tax list shows Willis Jordan with
seven slaves! 97 (Willis did not show any slaves on his first tax list, dated
1822.) It appears that Edmond, a good and caring father, has presented seven slaves to
Willis and Sarah on the occasion of their marriage. In so doing, the loving act of a
father forwarded the institution of slavery to a younger generation. Son Willis, although
becoming a Methodist preacher (like Thomas Dunn, his father-in-law), would maintain slaves
for his entire life until the Civil War ripped them away.
The younger daughter of Edmond and Polly Jordan, Day Ridley Jordan, would marry
Benjamin Ogilvie some four years later: On January 3, 1827, Benjamin W. Ogilvie
and Day Ridley Jordan applied for a marriage license in Oglethorpe County. The ceremony
occurred one day later of January 4th, officiated by Thomas Neely, Minister of
the Gospel. 98
Benjamin Ogilvie was the brother of the William Ogilvie who had married Rebecca Pope,
|Polly Jordans sister. Benjamin and Daridley would
live next door to Edmond and Polly. The close proximity of the newly weds and the Jordan
parents is reflected in an 1831 deed involving Mark Smith:
Oglethorpe County, Georgia
October 27, 1831
Mark Smith to William H. Smith, $150 for land adjoining Edmond Jordan & others
lying on the west side of Troublesome Branch where the saw mill belonging to the estate of
James A. Hill, deceased, is built with entrance on the lands of Benjamin W. Ogilvie.99
Since the Smith land adjoined the land of Edmond Jordan and had an entrance on the
property of Benjamin Ogilvie, then Benjamins land must have adjoined Edmonds
property, too. The reference in this deed to Troublesome Branch is also interesting. On
the Thomas Moss Map of Oglethorpe County, dated May 1894, there is a notation for
Jordans Place. It is located near Lexington, on the road to Athens,
between the head waters of Grove Creek and Troublesome Creek. This map is found on the
Oglethorpe County Georgia Gen Web site: http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/histcountymaps/oglethorpe1894map.htm.
Tragically, Benjamin Ogilvie would die on January 10, 1832 leaving Daridley a young
widow. It appears from the 1840 census records that the two children of Benjamin Ogilvie,
Lucius B. and James B. Ogilvie did not remain with Daridley. Court records
show that guardianship papers for them were granted to William J. and A. W. Ogilvie.
These children continue to show up in the Letters of Guardianship for more than fifteen
years. In 1843, an interesting receipt for $10.83 is itemized concerning a tuition payment
made to Emory University at Oxford in Covington, Georgia. The payment, on the behalf of
James B. Ogilvie, was made by Asbury MaKendree Jordan, the oldest son of Willis A. Jordan.100
There are indications that Edmond was distraught over the loss of his son-in-law,
Benjamin. On January 2, 1833, Edmond Jordan gave 300 acres of land to Daridley Ogilvie and
Witnesseth that the said Edmond Jordan for and in consideration of the love
and affection he bears for his daughter Day Ridley Ogilvie and her children, I have given
and granted and by these presents do give and grant unto my said daughter and her
children, and their heirs and assigns in fee simple forever, all that tract of land or
parcel of land lying and being in the County and State aforesaid containing three hundred
acres more or less being the tract of land I purchased from Charles Smith and Pleasant
Glass and whereon my wife Polly R. Jordan now lives, the deeds from Charles Smith and
Pleasant Glass both of which are of record in the County and State aforesaid. 101
Unfortunately, this gift may have been annulled by future events. According to a
|reference made in The Hills of Wilkes County,
Vol. II, Page 658 -659, Polly Jordan died just five months later, on July 5, 1833.
The death of Polly Jordan, following close on the heals of the death of Benjamin Ogilvie,
would change the entire family dynamic.
In 1835, three and a half years after the death
of Benjamin Ogilvie, Daridley would marry Edward Collier. I do hereby certify
that I have joined in the holy state of matrimony, Edward V. Collier and Mrs. Daridley
Ogilvie. Given under my hand this 1st day of September 1835. - J. C. Simmons,
Minister of the Gospel 102
Edward Vines Collier was the son of William Collier and the grandson of Vines Collier.
As such, he was the first cousin of Sarah W. Dunn Jordan and shared Vines Collier with her
as a grandfather. After Edmonds death, there are indications that Edward Collier and
his brother-in-law (and also first cousin-in-law), Willis A. Jordan, did not see eye to
eye. This must have proved awkward, and by 1840, Sarah and Willis had moved to Monroe
County while Edward and Daridley remained in Oglethorpe County for twenty more years.
Edward Collier died on September 6, 1860.103 [The death
date of 1858 as listed for Daridley Collier in The Hills of Wilkes County is
premature. Both Edward B. Collier and Daridley appear in the 1860 Oglethorpe County
Census.] Life in Oglethorpe County was a family affair - sometimes good, sometimes
A SPRINT TO THE FINISH
As Edmond approached his seventieth birthday, he still remained extremely active. On May
8, 1827, he participated in the 1827 Georgia Land Lottery where he drew Lot #27 in
District 1 of Coweta County. The really interesting thing about this drawing is that it
describes Edmond Jordan as RS - Revolutionary Soldier. Another mystery to our
family is why he did not apply for a war pension in 1832, as did many of his neighbors.
Perhaps he was distraught over the loss of Benjamin Ogilvie and/or he was overwhelmed by
the declining health of his wife and/or he felt it unpatriotic to be paid for service to
ones country. We will never know. One thing, however, is quite noticeable about
Edmond during this time. His signature on various documents was extremely shaky, almost as
if he had Parkinsons disease. In spite of this condition, however, he was noted on
the tax lists as being a Notary Public for the last ten years of his life.
Beginning in 1830, the deed record of Edmond Jordan exploded with activity. On August
18, 1830, Edmond purchased for the sum of $400, 205 acres from Charles Smith. These were
located on Troublesome Branch of Long Creek.104 On September 9, 1830, he
purchased an additional 101 ¾ acres next to the Smith property. These were sold to him by
Pleasant Glass for $300.105 On January 2, 1833, these two tracts of land were
combined and given to Daridly Ogilvie, his newly widowed daughter, as a tract of some 300
acres more or less.106
On December 10, 1832, Edmond sold, for $600, his Grove Creek property to his long time
neighbor, James Johnson. He had lived there for thirty two years. A major chapter in
|his life was over. Grove Creek was where he and Polly
had raised their children. I would imagine that at this time, he was living on the 300
acres of property that he would give to Daridly a month later.
Beginning at a hickory running North thirty two chains fifty links to a pine,
thence West thirty chains to an ash, thence north thirteen chains fifty links to a poplar,
thence West fifteen chains and fifty links to a dogwood, thence South forty six chains to
a poplar, thence east forty five chains fifty links to the beginning, this tract was
deeded to Edmond Jordan by Mary Knox in the year 1799 the first day of January. One other
tract or parcel of land adjoining the aforementioned tract on the North side containing 84
acres more or less which land was deeded by Willis Pope to the said Edmond Jordan the 15th
November 1808 beginning at a sweet gum corner and running East 37 chains to a pine stake,
thence South 25 E 22 chains 50 links to a pine, thence W 40 chains to a dogwood, thence
North 20 chains 10 links to the beginning corner. 107
But, Edmond was still not finished. On November 15, 1833, Edmond purchased 155 acres of
land on Indian Creek from John Bledsoe, formerly granted to Azariah Bailey on the 12th
day of July 1781.108
The tax record, as usual, raises some questions about the deed record or lack thereof.
From 1808 until 1830, there is no activity recorded in the deed record for Edmond Jordan.
Over this period, Edmond is consistently taxed on 252 acres. This was the land on Grove
Creek. The tax record, however, shows him with a pickup of 202 ½ acres in 1828.109
This is not shown on the deed record. This may reflect the draw of land in Coweta County
that Edmond received in the 1827 Georgia Land Lottery. By 1831, these extra 202 ½ acres
are gone. Did he forfeit the draw or sell it off?
In 1833, the tax record does reflect the addition of 307 acres that he purchased from
Smith and Glass. 110 And, it also reflects the sale of 252 acres of land on
Grove Creek (168 + 84) to Thomas Johnson in 1832. However, beginning in 1832 and
continuing through 1834, Edmond is taxed on a new parcel of 160 acres, as yet unknown.
This may have been located in the city limits of Lexington. The tax record of 1834 does
show the addition of another 155 acres, which corresponds nicely with the 155 acres picked
up from John Bledsoe in 1833.111
By 1836, the year of his death, the 160 acres have disappeared and he is just taxed on
462 acres. 112 This would be the combination of the land he had given to
Daridley and the land he purchased from Bledsoe (307 + 155 = 462). The question begs to be
answered, Was the 307 acre love gift, given to Daridley Ogilvie and her children,
taken back when she married Edward Collier? The tax lists show that the 307 acres
only belonged to Edmond, from their purchase in 1833 until his death in 1836. The
responsibility for paying taxes on this land was never transferred to his daughter.
|A CONTENTIOUS FINALE
Edmond Jordan died in Oglethorpe County sometime between the writing of his will on the 12th
of November 1836 and the recording of the will on the 7th of December 1836. His
will is an interesting and divisive document, not only for what it specifies, but also,
for what it doesnt specify.113 It appoints Willis A. Jordan,
Edmonds only son, to be the executor of the estate. As executor, Willis was to
equally divide Edmonds property between Daridley Collier and himself. Property, as
defined in the will, consisted of slaves, wearing apparel, livestock, furniture, and
various implements, with an overriding emphasis on slaves. In fact, Edmond seemed to be
more concerned with his slaves than anything else. Amidst this dark obsession, a ray of
compassion shone through: In grateful remembrance of the valuable services and
great fidelity of my good servant Charles, my desire is that in the division of my
negroes, he may be permitted to choose where he will live and to whom he may belong.
Looking back from the 21st Century, this proclamation of free choice might
seem to be rather shallow. But for this age and time, this was a magnanimous act. The
slave in question, Charles, may be the same Charles who was given to Edmond in the 1786
Will of John Dupree. If he was, then he had been with Edmond in Georgia from the
beginning, through good times and bad, and certainly was deserving of a special
Amidst the obsession over slaves, Edmond completely forgot about his
real estate holdings. As already stated, for the last year of his life (1836), Edmond was
taxed on 462 acres. This was quite a sizeable holding to be ignored. Land was one of most
important measures of wealth in the Antebellum South. More importantly, Edmonds gift
of 300 acres to Daridley Ogilvie in 1833 had never been legally consummated and made up a
sizeable portion of the 462 acres. For his part, Willis, who was a non party to the deed
in 1833, apparently had no desire to disburse the 300 acres. As a result, Daridley and
Edward Collier contested the will based on two counts: 1. That the testator (Edmond) was
not of sound mind and disposing memory, and 2. That undue influence was practiced
upon the testator. The Colliers apparently believed that Willis had swayed his father to
renege on the deed of gift to Daridley.
Almost two years later, on October 15, 1838, the judges in the Court of Ordinary for
Oglethorpe County took the road of compromise. They awarded one third of the
value of the contested land, or 98 acres, to the Colliers. The balance remained
under the control of Willis Jordan. The families of Edward Collier and the Willis Jordan
would soon separate, with Willis going to Monroe and Fayette County and Edward remaining
in Oglethorpe County. Whether this was due to family friction or the economic crash of
1837, or both, remains speculation.
After the death of Edward Collier in 1860 and faced with the approaching war, Daridley
moved to Louisiana with her son, F. P. Collier. It is believed that she died shortly
|thereafter and was buried there. As for Willis, his
journeys carried him to Spalding County, near Griffin, Georgia, where he owned a
plantation on Heads Creek. The lure of family was still strong as he settled near
his wifes brother, Ishmael Dunn. He would die in 1877.
THE WILL AND ESTATE SETTLEMENT OF EDMOND JORDAN
Georgia, Oglethorpe County
I, Edmond Jordan, of the County and state aforesaid, do make the following disposition
of my property to take effect after my death as my will and testament.
It is my will that all my negroes be divided into two equal portions by any three
persons to be appointed by the Court of Ordinary of the County aforesaid, and then my son,
Willis A. Jordan, to have his choice of such portion - to belong to him and his heirs
forever. And the other portion, I lend to my daughter Daridley Collier for her life and at
her death to be equally divided among her children then living, and the descendants of
such as may be dead - the descendants of each child who may be dead to be entitled to the
share which such child, if living, would have been entitled to.
I give to my son, Willis A. Jordan, my wearing apparel.
I will that all my horses, cattle, hogs, sheep, stock of all kinds, all my cotton,
corn, fodder, oats, and provisions, all my farming utensils, household and kitchen
furniture, and all other personal property which I may own, not already described, shall
be sold by my executor and the money arising there from, after paying my debts, to be
equally divided between my son Willis and my daughter Daridley. If I have any money on
hand when I die and debts owing to me, it is my will that such money and debts be in the
same manner equally divided between my son and daughter.
In grateful remembrance of the valuable services and great fidelity of my good servant
Charles, my desire is that in the division of my negroes, he may be permitted to choose
where he will live and to whom he may belong.
I appoint my son, Willis A. Jordan, sole executor of this last will and testament.
And lastly, I do hereby solemnly revoke all former wills and testaments at any time
heretofore by me made & declare this only to be my last will and testament.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this the twelfth day of
November eighteen hundred & thirty six.
|In the presence of the following witnesses:
G. M. Dudley
Lewis J. Dupree
Georgia, Oglethorpe County
Personally appeared in open Court, G. M. Dudley & Lewis J. Dupree, witnesses to the
within will, and after being duly sworn, deposeth and saith, that they saw Edmond Jordan
sign, seal, publish and declare this writing to be his last will and testament. That at
the time thereof, he was of sound, disposing mind and memory; and that he did it freely,
without compulsion; and that you saw Daniel Jenkins also sign the same, as a witness to
the best of your knowledge, so help you God.
Sworn to in open Court, the 7th day of December 1836,
G. M. Dudley
Lewis J. Dupree
Henry Britain CCO
(Recorded the 8th day of December 1836)
Georgia, Oglethorpe County
Court of Ordinary, November adjourned term 1836
The last will and testament of Edmund Jordan having been duly proven at this adjourned
term in open court, upon the oaths of George M. Dudley and Lewis J. Dupree, ordered that
the same be admitted to record.
Edward V. Collier, the Caveator, being dissatisfied with the decision of the Court in
admitting the will of Edmund Jordan to record, came into court and prays an appeal, and
having paid all cost that has accrued and given security for all further cost that may
accrue by reason of such appeal and brings Thomas R. Andrews and tenders him as security,
and they, the said Edward V. Collier & Thomas R. Andrews, acknowledge themselves
jointly and severally bound to Willis A. Jordan, the propounder for the eventual
condemnation money in said case.
Witness the hands and seals this seventh day of December 1836.
Edward V. Collier
Thomas R. Andrews
Georgia, Oglethorpe County
Inferior Court - Sitting for ordinary purposes at an adjourned term held on the seventh
day of December 1836.
|The will of Edmund Jordan having been propounded by
Willis a. Jordan, the executor for probate, Edward V. Collier, husband of Daridly Collier,
formerly Daridly Jordan, daughter of the said Edmund Jordan, comes into court and caveats
the will of the said Edmund Jordan on the following, to wit:
First - That the testator
was not of sound mind and disposing memory.
Second - That undue influence was practiced upon the testator.
Joseph Henry Lumpkin
Attorney for the Caveator
Georgia, Oglethorpe County
We the undersigned appointed by the Superior Court have assigned and laid off for Edward
V. Collier ninety eight acres of land being one third of the value of the tract of land
formerly belonging to Edmond Jordan late of said County, marked and designated of the plat
of said tract of land No. 3, beginning at the branch and running North 35 E to a mulberry,
thence North 53 E 18 chains 50 links to a hickory on the road, thence 42 E 26 chains 75
links to a stake corner, thence South 80 W 11 to pine corner, thence South 30 W 39 to a
black oak on the road, thence South 40 E 5 chains to a post oak, thence South 50 W 30 to a
willow oak on the branch, thence down said branch to the beginning - as will be more fully
shown by reference to a plat of said tract of land.
October 15th 1838. Commissioners: Robert Hubbard, John Jenkins, Robert
Harrison, John Baughan, Henry Banks JSC
|1 Family Bible of
James M. and Lucy Jordan Smith, inscribed by their daughter, Ora Mae Smith Daniel.
2 Will of Over Jordan, Northampton County, North
Carolina, Court of Ordinary, Record of Wills 1759-1789, Will Book 1,
3 Revolutionary War Pension Application, File #29726, for
John Jordan of Washington, County, GA.
4 Arthur Jordan: The Moses of an American Family, by
Jordan Pugh Ed. D., page 191.
5 Halifax County website
6 Oglethorpe Chapter NSDAR, Columbus, Georgia , www.geocities.com/oglethorpedar/oglepats.html
7 1791 Wilkes County, Georgia Tax list
8 1827 Land Lottery of Georgia
9 Edmond Jordan to John Jordan, Northampton County, NC, Register of Deeds, Book
7, page 367.
10 1786 tax list of Wilkes County, GA, Captain Lanes Militia District,
for Edmond Jordan.
11 1787 tax list of Wilkes county, GA, Captain Lanes Militia District,
for Edmond Jordan.
12 Land plat of James Goolsbee, dated 1786, Georgia Surveyor General - Plats,
Colonial and Headright, Book I, page 193.
13 Land plat of Richard McRee, dated 1785, Georgia Surveyor General,
Plats, Colonial and Headright, Plat Book Q, p.203.
14 1797 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Strongs
District, for Edmond Jordan, showing Edmond Jordan on 515
acres of land, originally granted to self and McRee,
adjoining Thomas Pain.
15 James Goldsby to Daniel Safford, dated 1791,Wilkes County, Deed Book
HH, page 166.
16 Daniel Safford to Benjamin Blake, Wilkes County, Deed Book HH, page
17 Land plat of Edmond Jordan, dated 1788, Georgia Surveyor General,
Plats, Colonial and Headright, Plat Book Q, p.152. 18 1792 Tax list of Wilkes
County, GA, Captain Edmond Jordans District, for Edmond Jordan, showing Edmond on
of Dry Fork Creek.
19 James Jordan, et al, Wilkes County, GA, Deed Book GG, page 349,
requesting appointment of guardian.
20 Early Records of Georgia, Volume II, Wilkes County, pages 244-245,
guardianship papers submitted by Josiah Jordan. 21 Land plat of Josiah Jordan,
dated 1791, Georgia Surveyor General - Plats, Colonial and Headright, Plat Book Q, p.155.
22 1793 Tax list of Wilkes County, GA, Captain Matthew Stones
District, for Edmond Jordan, showing lands adjoining
23 1786 tax list of Wilkes County, GA, Captain Lanes Militia
District, for Benjamin Jordan.
24 1786 tax list of Wilkes county, GA, Captain Lanes Militia
District, for Josiah Jordan.
25 The will of John Dupree, Greensville County, VA - Wills, Book 1,
1781-1806, page 51.
26 1790 tax list of Wilkes County, GA, Captain Edmond Jordans
District, for Edmond Jordan, showing four slaves.
27 1792 tax list of Wilkes County, GA, for Edmond Jordan, showing land
adjoining Thomas Payne.
28 Joseph Cook to Milly Mann, dated 1790, Wilkes County, Deed Book HH,
page 111, showing land adjoining Edmond
Jordan on Buffalo Creek.
29 1797 tax list of Sarah Blake, showing 300 acres originally granted to
self, adjoining Edmond Jordan.
30 1798 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Dukes District,
for Edmond Jordan, showing his land containing 515
acres, adjoining Benjamin Blake.
31 Oglethorpe County, GA, Minutes of the Inferior Court, June term 1794,
showing Edmond commissioned to maintain
32 Oglethorpe County, GA, Minutes of the Court of Ordinary, November
term 1798, concerning the Estate of Harrison
33 Oglethorpe County, GA, Minutes of the Inferior Court, June 4, 1795,
showing Edmond commissioned again to maintain
34 1796 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Strongs
District, for Edmond Jordan, showing his land, containing 515
acres, adjoining Isaac Eason and Abraham Eason.
35 See The Hills of Wilkes County for more information
concerning the Pope, Jordan and Hill families.
|36 The estate settlement of Abraham
Eason, Oglethorpe County, GA, Guardian and Administrators Bonds, 1794-1848,
37 The Augusta Chronicle, Vol. I, 1786-1799, dated 23 April 1791, page 2
38 The Hills of Wilkes County, Vol. 2, page 658.
39 The Last Will and Testament of Lewis Pope, February 14, 1805,
Oglethorpe County, GA, Court of Ordinary, Will Book
A (1794-1806), Pgs 146-148.
40 The 1800 census of Oglethorpe County, GA for Edmond Jordan, Captain
Lees District, shows Jemima as a female
(0-10). The 1820 Census of Oglethorpe County, GA,
for Edmond Jordan, Ancestry image 20 of 41, shows Jemima as
a female (16-26). The 1830 census for Oglethorpe County,
GA for Edmond Jourdin, Captain Wrights District, page 74,
Ancestry image 26 of 86, shows Jemima as a female (30-40).
41 The History of Oglethorpe County, from the Oglethorpe
County website site.
42 From an article on Lexington, contributed to the Oglethorpe County
Georgia Gen Web website by the Northeast
Georgia Regional Development Center.
43 Roster of the Revolutionary Soldiers in Georgia, by Mrs.
Howard H. McCall, Vol. I, p. 89; Vol. III, p. 113
44 1790 tax list of Wilkes County, Captain John Popes Militia
District of Colonel Freemans Battalion, for Lewis Pope.
45 Oglethorpe County, Georgia Abstracts of Wills, 1794-1903,
by Fred W. McRee, Jr., Will Book A, page 140, showing
the Will of Thomas Johnson, dated 5 September 1803.
In his will, Thomas identified his neighbors as Lewis Pope and
Edmond Jordan and his sons as James Johnson and
46 Oglethorpe County, GA, Deed Book B, page 353, Richard McRee to Edmond
47 Oglethorpe County, GA, Deed Book D, p. 360, Josiah Jordan to Edmond
48 1802 tax list of Oglethorpe County, Captain Tillerys District,
for Edmond Jordan, taxed on 168 ¾ acres.
49 1803 tax list of Oglethorpe County, Captain Seymour Lees
District, for Edmond Jordan, taxed on 168 ¾ acres.
50 Warranty deed, Edmond Jordan to James Colley. Oglethorpe County, GA,
Deed Book D, page 437,
51 1805 tax list of Oglethorpe County, Captain Henry Hartsfields
District, for Edmond Jordan, taxed on 168 ¾ acres.
52 1793 tax list of Wilkes County, GA, Captain Needham Norres, for
53 1798 tax list of Oglethorpe County, Captain Lees District, for
Lewis Pope, showing his land originally granted to
54 Land plat of John Freeman, Georgia Surveyor General - Plats, Colonial
and Headright, Plat Book B, page 158.
55 1799 tax list of Oglethorpe County, Captain Seymour Lees
district, for Edmond Jordan, showing his land originally
granted to Knox and adjoining Thomas Johnson. On the same
tax list and in the same district, Lewis Pope is also
shown adjoining Thomas Johnson.
56 Oglethorpe County, GA, Deed Book C, page 340, Mary Knox to Edmond
57 1805 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain William
Hatchetts District, for 48. Lewis Pope, deceased.
58 The Hills of Wilkes County, Vol. II, page 659, for Jemima
59 Family Bible of James M. and Lucy Jordan Smith, showing the birth
date of Willis A. Jordan.
60 The Hills of Wilkes County, Vol. II, page 659, for Willis
61 1850 census of Oglethorpe County, Division 66, Edward V. Collier,
Ancestry image 82 of 104. Daridly is listed as 47.
The 1860 census, however, lists her as 54.
62 Oglethorpe County GA, Minutes of the Inferior Court, June Term, 1802,
Edmond Jordan, showing jury duty and
appointment as road commissioner.
63 Oglethorpe County GA, Minutes of the Inferior Court, January Term,
1804, report on road feasibility.
64 Oglethorpe County GA, Minutes of the Inferior Court, January Term,
1805, Edmond appointed to maintain road.
65 Oglethorpe County GA, Minutes of the Inferior Court, June Term, 1807,
Edmond appointed to maintain road.
|66 1802 tax list of Oglethorpe
County, GA, Captain Tillerys District, #41, Thomas Jordan.
67 Benjamin Knox to Thomas Jordan, January 31, 1803, Oglethorpe County,
GA, Deed Book D, page 232, Deed
for 169 acres
68 1804 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain William
Hatchetts District, #57, Thomas Jordan.
69 1804 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain William
Hatchetts District, #88, George Philips, agent for
Absalom Knox deceased.
70 1804 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain William
Hatchetts District, #17, George Philips, Doctor, adjoining
the lands of William Ogilvie.
71 1805 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain William
Hatchetts District, #75, William White.
72 William Applewhite to Robert Freeman, November 1818, 17 acres on the
Lexington and Athens Road, Oglethorpe
County, Deed Book J, page 55.
73 1805 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain William
Hatchetts District, #105, Thomas Jordan.
74 1812 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Landrums
District, #65, Thomas Jordan.
75 The Last Will and Testament of Thomas Johnson, dated 5 September
1803, recorded 13 February 1805,
Oglethorpe County, GA Court of Ordinary, Will Book A, page
76 Country Life in Georgia in the Days of My Youth, Pp. 44-45,
Copyright 1919 by Mrs. Rebecca Latimer Felton.
Printed by Index Printing Company, Atlanta, GA. The author
of this speech, Rebecca Latimer Felton, might be a
descendant of George Latimer, who appears as a neighbor of
Willis A. Jordan, and near to Edmond Jordan, on the
Oglethorpe County tax lists from 1825 to 1831.
77 The Augusta Chronicle, July 4th 1807, page 3, column 3.
78 1813 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Landrums
District, #119, Edmond Jordan and Stud horse.
79 Warranty deed, Willis Pope to Edmond Jordan, November 1808,
Oglethorpe County, Deed Book E, page 425.
80 The 1808 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Joseph
Mortons district, #171, Edmond Jordan.
81 The 1809 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Joseph
Mortons district, #143, Edmond Jordan.
82 The 1810 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Landrums
district, #166, Edmond Jordan.
83 The 1805 Land Lottery of Georgia
84 The 1808 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Joseph
Mortons district, #42, Thomas Jordan.
85 The 1809 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Joseph
Mortons district, #107, William Applewhite.
86 The 1812 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Landrums
district, #135, Edmond Jordan.
87 The 1815 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Landrums district,
#162, William Applewhite.
88 The 1813 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Landrums
district, #64, Thomas Jordan is next to W. H. Crawford.
89 John Newton had purchased 375 acres of land on Golden Grove Creek
from James Finley in March 1789. Wilkes
County, GA, Deed Book HH, page 136, as recorded in The
Early Records of Georgia, Volume II, Wilkes County,
Page 110, abstracted and compiled by Grace Gillam Davidson,
published in 1933 at Macon, GA.
90 The information on William H. Crawford and John Newton came from the
Georgia Genealogical website of Oglethorpe
91 The Athens Gazette, August 14, 1814, p. 3.
92 Jordan versus Crutchfield, 1822, Oglethorpe County, GA, Superior
93 The 1820 census of Oglethorpe County, GA for Edmond Jordan, showing 30
94 Edmond certainly knew four of the children of Willis A. Jordan. A question,
however, arises about the two children
shown in the household of Daridley and Benjamin Ogilvie.
After Benjamin died and Daridley married E. V. Collier, the
children had guardians appointed them by the court. The
1840 census does not record these Ogilvie children in the
household of Edward and Daridley Collier. Were they
children from a previous Ogilvie marriage and, therefore, not the
responsibility of Daridley?
94 Letters of administration on the estate of William Applewhite, June 1822 -
October 1822,Oglethorpe County, GA,
Inferior Court Docket 1801 -1823.
95 Willis A. Jordan and Sarah W. Dunn, Oglethorpe County, Court of Ordinary,
Marriages 1794-1829, page 284.
|96 1823 tax list of Oglethorpe
County, GA, Captain Baileys district, #46, Edmond Jordan, showing 23 slaves.
97 1823 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Baileys
district, #13, Willis A. Jordan, showing 7 slaves.
98 Benjamin Ogilvie and Day Ridley Jordan, Oglethorpe County, Court of
Ordinary, Marriages 1794 -1829, Book A,
99 Warranty Deed, Mark Smith to William Smith, Oglethorpe
County, GA, Deed Book N, pages 327-328.
100 Guardianship records concerning the minors of Benjamin W. Ogilvie,
Oglethorpe County, Ga, Inferior Court minutes,
1834-1849. The children in question were
Lucius Blanton Ogilvie and James B. Ogilvie.
101 Deed of Gift, Edmond Jordan to Daridley Ogilvie, Oglethorpe County,
GA, Deed Book N, Pages 463-464.
102 Edward V. Collier and Mrs. Daridley Ogilvie, Oglethorpe County,
Court of Ordinary, Marriages Book A.
103 The death of Edward V. Collier is noted on the Administration Papers
of said estate, F. P. Collier, Administrator,
Oglethorpe County, GA, Court of Ordinary.
(Georgia Archives, Drawer # 306 - Box # 118)
104 Warranty Deed, Charles Smith to Edmond Jordan, August 1830,
Oglethorpe County, GA, Deed Book N, page 266.
105 Warranty Deed, Pleasant Glass to Edmond Jordan, September 1830,
Oglethorpe County, GA, Deed Book N, page 266.
106 Deed of Gift, Edmond Jordan to Daridley Ogilvie, Oglethorpe County,
GA, Deed Book N, Pages 463-464.
107 Warranty Deed, Edmond Jordan to Thomas Johnson, December 1832,
Oglethorpe County, GA, Deed Book N,
108 Warranty Deed, John Bledsoe to Edmond Jordan, 1833, Oglethorpe
County , GA, Deed Book N, page 81.
109 1828 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Captain Bragans
district, #47, Edmond Jordan, showing an additional
202 ½ acres.
110 1833 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Lexington, #55, Edmond
111 1834 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Lexington, #59, Edmond
112 1836 tax list of Oglethorpe County, GA, Lexington, #66, Edmond
113 The Last Will and Testament of Edmond Jordan, 12 November 1836,
Recorded 8 December 1836, Oglethorpe County,
GA, Will Book D, page 39.
Philip James McGinty
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