Murray County, Georgia GAGenWeb Site Queries 2007-
Murray County, Georgia Queries
Queries must be about someone who lived in or had an event in
life take place in Murray County, Georgia.
Please read Writing Better Queries
help in preparing your query.
Type surnames in all CAPITAL letters to make it easier to read.
Murray County in your query or it may not be posted.
email your queries to Murray
County Queries. Please include "Murray County Queries" in
the e-mail subject line if your email program does not automatically
Only submit your query once, as you will not see it below until
is added at the next update. Queries may be edited.
QUERIES ADDED SEPTEMBER 2007 -2012
Info on RALPH
& SARAH SMITH-daughter NANCY SMITH who married JAMES W HALL-lived
in MURRAY COUNTY GA IN
1850-moved to Ashville, St Clair AL. RALPH SMITH had 4
brothers-GIDEON, ABSALOM,WRIGHT AND FRANKLIN. RALPH was born in
1793 he was the firstborn son. Any help please.
AustinArt Searching for
information about the family of Jeremiah RODGERS b abt 1816 NC, who
lived in Murray Co, GA (Holly Creek Dist) in 1860. I have
information on his descendants. I am looking for the Rodgers
family in NC or GA on the 1850 census and have not found them. In 1870
the family is in Athens Dist, of McMinn Co, TN. In 1880 the family is
in Beat 18, Thompsons Dist of Marshall Co, AL, Sand Mountain. Wife:
Nancy Emaline b 1828 NC or GA. Children: James M. Rodgers,
changed name of Rogers b 1848 in NC or GA; Sarah E. b 1853 GA; Margaret
b Oct 1854 d Jul 1931 Marshall, AL, Married Isaac Terrell, a grandson
of Isaac Childress of McMinn, TN and Marshall, AL; Nancy Lucille b 1856
GA; Hannah b 1856 GA may have married John Tucker in Marshall, AL;
Martha A. b 1858; Mary A. b 1859-60 d 1922 Lawrence Co, AL, married
John A. Brooks; Narcissa b 1862, cannot find her after 1880; Rutha b
1864 GA. I would appreciate any clues for locations for this family or
for names of peripheral families.
One clue is that Hannah Rodgers age 26 was taking care of two small
nephews in 1880. One was named a George HEWS (Hughes) another was
a James SEMOR (Seamore, Seamour). Perhaps two of Hannah's sisters
married someone of those surnames?
looking for any information on John Leonard AYERS and family. He
HUFFAKER, and they lived in Choutta, GA. One of their children--the one
I am mainly looking for--was Carl or Carlton Ayers. At the age
of 11 he was hit by a train and cut in half. I can not find anything on
him. Help me please.
Susie Kelley. I am trying to
locate the grave of Ella CROWNOVER, who I think is buried in Sumack
Presbyterian Cemetery. I think this is in Murray County. Do
you have records of her burial?
Kathy Edwards. Is there any
way to tell who the parents of Asberry and Edward H. Edwards of Murray
Co., GA in 1840-50 is. I think maybe Abel was there in
1830. There was one Abel in Whitfield Co. by 1853 I think and he
said he was the son of Joseph Edwards of Franklin Co., GA. They
probably got their land throught the Land Lotteries. Any idea
where in SC these Edwards were born, Asberry in 1822 SC and Edward H.
in about 1816. Edward H. applied for a license...probably for a tavern
and he was listed as a merchant in one census....and I think he was
also a Justice of the Peace in Whitfield Co. later or maybe that was
another Edward H. What is the best way to find the parentage of these
two? Any ideas appreciated.
"BLALOCK AND RELATED FAMILIES : PIONEERS IN VIRGINIA, THE CAROLINAS,
GEORGIA, ALABAMA, AND TEXAS"
I am searching for a copy of the above-referenced book. I know it
was privately published as several "distant cousins" have a copy of
it. DO YOU
HAVE ANY IDEA HOW I CAN OBTAIN A COPY? I have attempted to contact the
author, Delton Blalock by phone with no success. I am a Blalock
family member. Thanks.
Kathey Wigley. I am looking for
information on GROVES family children of Nelson and Frances Groves
especially a Mary Catherine Groves born in 1847 and
Jane Groves born 1855 in Murray county GA.
Kemp Neill. I am seeking
information about John Oates NEILL who was born in Lincoln County, NC
in 1837 and moved to Murray County, GA. following the Civil War.
Later, he moved to Morgan County, AL where he died in 1919. He
and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Baine had seven children, four daughters
and three sons. One of the sons was my gggrandfather, James Franklin
NEILL. Any help will be appreciated.
Anne Bower. I am looking
for information about Willie Eugene HOOKER. He lived in Murray
County, Shuck Pen District, at the time of the 1910 census. He
was 1 ½ years old and living with Lucy J. WEAVER age 52,
Missouri E. WEAVER age 24, Flora E. WEAVER age 7. Willie married
Susie Lee ANTHONY during the 1920's. Thank you.
Roy Chadwick. I am trying
to find info on Abraham "Abe" CHADWICK born abt 1850's in Ga (possibly
Murray County),died in Bradley Co., TN. Was Abe's mother Mary HODGINS
born SC or was she born abt 1831 in NC?. I believe that I found her in
Anderson Co., TN abt 1900 age 69. She was living with her son
John Chadwick born abt 1850's in Ga,died 1917 in Bell Co KY age 65. Was
Mary's husband John Chadwick born abt 1820's in NC or from England and
a Mason? Thanks very much, and any info would be appreciated.
Dottie Pullen Thomas. I am
looking for information on Thomas Eugene Wetzel - born 1851 and married
to Eveline Davis Wetzel - born 1854 whom I believe lived in Cisco,
Murray County, GA. They are the parents of my grandmother, Luellen (or
Ellen) Wetzel married to John Franklin Green of Crandall, GA. Thank you
for any information you have.
I have a reference to find index, or photo, or whatever possible, of :
Liberty Baptist Church Cemetery in Tennga, GA.
John Cockburn headstone.
Thank you for the help.
Sue Brown. Need Blantons in
Murray Co. James Madison, Lewis, Lewis father and mother. Thank you.
Lynne Nooner. I'm needing a
cemetery lookup for John S. MARTIN and wife Mary Trussell Clark Martin.
It's possible John S. was the son of Judge John Martin, so he may have
been buried in a Cherokee graveyard, if there is such a thing in Murray
Co. John Swain Martin was born ca. 1805-1815 - d. 16 Jan 1879 in
Dalton, Whitfield Co. GA (possibly buried in Cherokee cemetery?)
Mary Trussell Clark Martin was born 1816 and d. sometime after 1880.
I'm not certain she is buried in GA.
I am trying to find information I need for DAR about Dr. William
Henry RAINS. I think he may have lived in Murray County. He married
Harriet E. DUNSON (or Dunston) about 1850. Thanks for any help you can
Jim Peck. I am looking for any
possible Murray County information on Washington W. (Wimes?)Peck and
wife Dialthea Rodgers Wilson and W.W. ‘s mother, Nancy Campbell
Peck (wife of Elliott Peck who died in 1843 in McMinn County,
TN). The following is the information that I have. On
Feb. 22, 1854 W.W. married Dialthea. Then in December of 1854 W.W.
moved to Murray County Georgia along with his mother . On Dec.
16, 1855 my Great Grandfather, James Elliott Peck was born near
Springplace. In the fall of 1860 the family moved to Morgan
County, Alabama, where they lived until their death.
Deb Miller. I am
trying to find the burial site of my mother's (Nancy Painter Miller -
daughter of Sam E and Nina Painter) new born sister (Mary Sue Painter,
born January 1929). There was another baby born to Lew Price
"Mose" and Hattie Painter (my mother's uncle) and died around this
time. I heard that they were both buried at Liberty Baptist Church
Cemetery. Can you please confirm or deny this?
David Pinson. I am trying to
locate information on my family's time in Murray County. My
grandfather was born in Cisco, his name John C PINSON. His father
was Julius L Pinson who seems to have grown up in the area having been
born in Ducktown TN. Julius's father was Richard or perhaps
listed as M.R. Pinson, his mother Becky or Rebecca Tatum Pinson.
He was likely in the lumbering industry in the late 1800s and she was
living on the Jack's River as late as 1930. They had three sons,
Marion and Oscar, plus my great-grandfather and two daughters whose
name I do not know but who both married men named GOODE. I am
looking for any information about them, if you have it. Thanks
Lana Floyd. James S. BROWN, my
3rd great grandfather, found him on the Murray Co 1840 census; per a
son's obit, the family moved from Murray to DeKalb, AL in 1843.
Prior to that they were in TN and KY and Rockbridge, VA where James was
born in 1780 (1780-1785 in some records) as found in a son's write up
in GODSPEED OF ? TN....maybe Bledsoe, Blount, McMinn?
the SNOW Family of Murray County, GA. Need father of Levi Snow
born about 1820 in Georgia. I know what the other websites say. Just
need documentation i.e. census, marriage, etc... My Levi Snow moved to
Bridgeport Jackson County, Alabama. He and his wife Margaret, born in
Virginia according to Jackson County, Alabama Census, were my G-G-G
Grandparents. Their daughter, Lucinda Snow, married Jasper Hardin
WOODY. They were my G-G Grandparents. Lucinda Snow and Jasper
Hardin Woody were the parents of Margaret Woody. Margaret Woody married
William Thomas HART. Margaret Woody and William Thomas Hart were my G-
Grandparents. I have census records, cemetery records and pictures of
tombstones, marriage records of their time in
Jackson County Bridgeport, Alabama. All are buried in Rocky
Springs Cemetery Jackson County, Bridgeport, Alabama. Please respond to
Irene Hutchison. I am looking for
information pertaining to JAMES AND JANE MCMINN. The 1880 census
record is as follows:
Town, Murray, Georgia
Jas MCMINN 26 w m farm laborer GA GA GA
Jane MCMINN 23 w f wife keeping house TN TN TN
Jesse MCMINN 6 w m son GA GA TN
Fanny MCMINN 5 w f dau GA GA TN
Beckie MCMINN 4 w f dau GA GA TN
Joe MCMINN 6M w m son GA GA TN
Jame and Jane were married about 1874, I am guessing in Georgia since
they soon had children after getting married and they were born in
Hoping to find a marriage record or some other info on the family.
Bobbie Southers. I am
searching for any records on Annie Wright GREENE. I know she married
Thomas Elisha SOUTHER in Shuck Pen, Murray County, GA on 29 Dec
1926. She passed on 26 March 1945. I am most interested in the names of
her parents. She was my husband's Mother and passed on his birthday
when he was 5 years old. He was raised in The GA Baptist Children's
Home and has no leads of any kind. Your help would be greatly
Kathy Edwards. I am
searching for the parents of Asberry EDWARDS who was in the 1850 Murray
Co., GA census. In that census, Eadey was listed as age 69 which
means she was probably his mother. There was an Eddy in the 1840
Habersham Co., GA census. How close are these two counties?
Do you have any information on Eadey Edwards b. about 1781. Any
Kelley Cooper McClure.
I am working on my DAR and DRT applications and need proof that John
Douglas HOLBROOK (b. 1787 VA, d. after 1850 and married 1815) is Thomas
Perry Holbrook's (b. 1820 Dalton, Murray Co, Georgia, d. 1898 Aquilla
Hill Co, TX) father. Where could I look to find this information?
Kathy Clayton. I am
looking for any information on the MORSE line that lived in Murray
county. B.J. MORSE or R.S. MORSE is listed on the 1840 census. I am
specifically looking for the names that were in the family, land
records, birth records, marriage records, etc. I am trying to find a
Uriah Morse that served in the Captain Allen's volunteers in the
Florida Wars. I am looking for a marriage for a Morse,
specifically a Uriah Morse. I don't have a middle name, it might have
been Rufus. That was a family name he used for more than one of his
children., He was part of the Georgia Volunteers in the Florida Wars
(Second Seminole War possibly) . He was possibly married in Georgia.
His wife was born in Georgia, a Mary or T M. She's listed as both on
different census years. They had at least one surviving child that was
born in Georgia, an Ann. I appreciate the help, I am at a road block.
Helton. I have made several postings about Jahial HILTON of Murray
County, GA on the Helton Family Gen Forum.. We have DNA tested
the Abeaham Hilton line of Union and Lumpkin Counties and the Peter
Hilton line of Cass County. They are brothers and of Native
American ancestry. We need more records, deeds, or other sources
on Jahial to confirm that he was a part of our family--any help is
appreciated. His sons participated in the Civil War, and those
records are also on Footnote.
Karen Galanski. I am looking for
information on Kelley PEPPER/PEPPERS. I have read that he died in
Murray Co, GA about 1850. Is there any information to
share? Please let me know if you need additional information.
Adria Frie. Searching for the
family lineage for David George FRY, born about 1842. Private in
the 39th GA Infantry, Company B. Enlisted 15 August 1862.
According to census he was Born in GA, but parents were born in
Scotland. After the capture and parol at the Battle of Vicksburg,
he migrated to Pottsville, PA where he changed the spelling of his name
to FRIE. Married Jemima Carthwright. His children were
Oliver Samuel Frie, Howard Franklin Frie, Gertrude Frie, Ellen Frie,
and Jerome (George) Frie.
Chris Harrison. I
currently live in Murray County. My mother's side of the family was
originally from the Dial/Newport area near the Toccoa River. They moved
to Murray County sometime between 1930-1940. My great grandparent's
names were Newton and Rachael WARD. They are buried at the cementary
located on Doublehead Gap and the Forestry Service road. Do you have
any information concerning my family? Thank you for your help.
Lorraine Margulies. I
am trying to locate any info on my grandparents. They are Floyd
ROBERTS 1882-1956 married to Ruby Roberts 1898-1938. I already
found that they are buried in the Center Valley Cemetery. They
are originally from Dalton Ga. My mother always told me that she
was from Fort Mountain and they lived in the country. What I
would really like to know is who is the birth father of Ruby. Her
mother is Viola CHAPMAN from Dalton who then married a Mr. DUNN.
As Viola was raped as a young woman, I do not know the real father of
Ruby who was raised by her stepfather. Any help at
all finding out who my blood grandfather is would be stupendous.
My aunt said that he had to leave town to prevent jail time.
Viola died about 1959. Thank you so much, I know this is a
Are there any persons in Murray who will do paid research? I live
in FL and Murray Co., GA is an all day drive for me. Gas alone would be
$150, so I am willing to pay well for a person's time.
My TURNER ancestors drew land in the 1832 GA Land Lottery. They
were orphans of Ephraim Turner, we think, and drew Lot 119,
District 12, of Section 3. I have studied this particular lot and the
Old Federal Road ran through the middle of Lot 119. It was officially
awarded to the orphans in November of 1847, obviously when they were
all grown. Since they did not move to Murray Co., GA, they had to have
sold the lot after 1847 and someone somewhere was paying the taxes on
the lot. I did a quick search at the GA Archives and came up with
nothing. The records indicate that Ephraim lived in Emanuel Co., GA
when the lottery took place; he did die in Emanuel Co. in 1832.
However, he was in Laurens Co. as late as 1828 and the other Turners
that were related to him were all in Laurens, then Irwin Co., GA. The
problem is that Stephen Turner died in 1818 leaving children not named
and then Ephraim died in 1832 leaving unnamed children. We have a group
of children, but have no idea who belonged to which Turner male.
Stephen was never even on a census so we have no idea HOW many children
he had, but the land drawn was for his orphans. That lot was in Irwin
Co. and it reverted, so that is a dead end. Our only hope for learning
which children belonged to which Turner male is to trace the land
records in Murray Co., GA. If you know of anyone who can help me, would
you please let me know.
Would like any information on siblings or parents of DRURY LOGAN of
Union County Georgia in 1840. I am looking for which LOGAN family
that ELIZABETH LOGAN CROW is associated with. Thanks.
. I'm looking for
information on MT. SUMACH BAPTIST CHURCH of CISCO, GA. I would like to
know when it was founded, and by who/whom. All I have found was church
was pastored by Rev. Reggie Mantooth around 1951. (I am not looking for
Sumach Presbyterian church, as it is not the same church.)
Mary Langman. I am
seeking relatives of the ROSE family, specifically Ralph H Rose, passed
away in 1960 and Dorothy C Rose, also passed away in 1960. Any
information would be greatly appreciated.
Mildred Vander Hoeven. I
am searching for information on Andrew J and Louisa J LEE/LEA. In
the census the name is spelled both ways so I am not sure which is
correct. I believe Louisa J. could be my grandfather's
sister. In 1900 she, with a daughter Louisa J, are living in
Doogan, GA. I found the family in 1860, 70 and 80 Murray Co
census. Their children were Harriet, Judge B, Malissa A, Evan F,
Louisa Jane and Sarah. As far as I can tell none of the towns
exists today. Are their marriage records available for Murray Co?
Garrett. Looking for any information about J A BUCHANAN from
Georgia to Plano, TX. Married and had 14 children. His wife
was either Indian or part Indian. I am their great
Phyllis Armour. I am
really stumped on this family and need help. On the 1880 census, in my
Jesse Decker family, it shows his wife as Jane. They have 2 boys,
Charley and William. Lucy Burkett is living with them . Lucy is Jesse's
sister-in-law so that means she is Jane's sister. There are 2
children named Andrew and William who are suppose to be my grandfathers
nephews. That would make Lucy their mother. In later
records in Mcminn, TN where my family Jesse and Jane Decker lived it
shows they married in 1877 in Mcminn TN and Henry Burkett was
Jane's brother; yet I do not see her listed under other
family records that the Burketts have posted. Her parents were
Abraham Burkett and Dorcas York. Can you help me with this? Also I
think I have found the death place for Lucy. It was Hamilton County,
TN. Thanks for any help you can give me. I seem to have
lost my Jesse Decker after 1900.
JWH. I am looking for
information about Jesse DOUGLASS b: ABT 1784 SC d 1850-60
prob Gilmer Co, GA wife Sarah (MC QUIDDY)? They lived
near Murray Co, GA. I'm interested in Jesse's parents.
J. Hall. Sarah J. Kelly. I am researching background of Sarah
& Ralph SMITH, Nancy SMITH & husband James W. HALL who lived in
Murray County 1840-1850. Ralph SMITH and James HALL both natives of SC.
Ralph was a cooper. They all lived in same household in 1850. Left
Murray County for Ashville, St. Clair County, AL. I found them
living in Nashville Tn in 1870 and 1880
Chapman. I am looking for burial of Mary M. SMITH COTHRAN and
Charles Cothran who lived in Dawnville, Georgia. They were
married July 18, 1854. I am not sure if they were married in Murray or
Whitfield County. If you have any information on my
ggggrandparents please contact me at email@example.com
Todd. I am looking for
information about my Great Grandfather Robert S. DUNN 1874-1911.
He was killed in 1911 by a Government revenue tax collector (as the
verbal story goes). He was operating an unlicensed still and the
government came knocking for their share (pre-Prohibition). Seems
to me that a story like this would have been recorded in local
newspapers. Any corroborating or contrary information would be
Lynn Ware Spratling. I
am searching for J M MILLER born in North Carolina in 1828 married
Sarah E born in 1827 in NC also. My research indicates that they
were land owners in Whitfield County GA in 1860 with 5 children, one of
which was Hester A (b. 1854 d. 11 June 1948 in Dalton). Hester
married my 2nd great grandfather Jim WARE (which I know nothing
about). They had four children in Alabama, one of which
Robert (b. abt. 1880 d. 1911 Oct 17) is my great grandfather. I
am seaching for any information on JM and Sarah. I found a JM on
Footnotes that died in the Civil War, enlisting in Hall County GA in
Company I 24th Regiment. Is this the same JM Miller? I also
have information about Hester's family if you would like it.
Thanks for any help you may have. I plan to go to Dalton soon and
search land records (the census stated he owned $2500 in land and $500
in personal property). I have seen some information stating that
they may have married in Murray. Thank you,
Searching for information about Thomas WILLIAMS and wife Sarah E. BECK.
Thomas b. 1839 where in Geo..? m. in Murray County to Sarah E. Beck 31
Jan. 1867. When and where did Thomas Willams die?
Tesla Mashburn. I am
interested in finding out about the MASHBURN and ISENHOWER family.
Lois Edwards. I am
looking for information on Lucinda and Berry GASAWAY living Murray Co
1860. I am also interested in their sister Melinda who married Squire
Osborn. They were all living in Murray co on the 1860 census. I have
looked at all census and can't find them. Any help would be
appreciated. Berry was born 1841. He is not the same Berry as the one
listed in the Gassaway book by Rutherford. Where did they go?
Benton L. Fletcher.
Does anyone know if Harvey Alexander McCOLLUM of Blount Co., TN &
Murray County, GA had a son by the name of David A. McCOLLUM...? I've
been looking for the tie between these two people for years.
Bill Butts. Looking for
any information on the deaths of the following three people that took
place in Murray County in 1966. This might possible have taken place
around Spring Place area. According to date of deaths the year was
1966. EUGENE PARM, MARY R. PARM, RODENY PARM. I am working on the
assumption that the 3 individuals are related and may have died at the
Looking for any information on William Parm and Agnes Parm. William
still may be alive, and living in Dalton/Murray area. William would be
in his 80's.He probably would have adult children living in area. Also
interested in any information on the following people: Ella Parm,
Eugene Parm, Mary Ruth Parm, and Rodney Parm. All are deceased and
buried at Center Valley Cemetery on Hwy 225 North in Murray county.
Ideally would like to make contact with a family member or someone that
might have known the family.
Jack Power. I am
searching for any biographical information regarding Robert E. WILSON,
he was Captain of the Spring Place Volunteers ( Company B Third Georgia
Infantry Battalion, later Company A 37th Georgia Regiment) during the
Civil War. His rank out was Major. He later served as a Senator in the
Georgia General Assembly. This is all the information I have.
Jarmer. I am looking for information on my Great Grandmother
Arta Lavada Winkler who married John Calhoun Long abt 1900 and their
son Robert Drayton Long b. 1919?. They lived in Murray County and
Gilmer county Georgia. ARTA LAVADA WINKLER b. 1879, daughter of JOSEPH
A. WINKLER and ARTA LAVADA PARTON. John Calhoun Long was a son of Hugh
White Long and Lois Jane Foote. Arta and John had the following
children Hugh Spencer Long, Gorman Thomas Long, Joseph Lafayette Long,
Margaret Jane Long and Robert Drayton Long. Margaret Jane (Long) Ellich
adopted my father(b. 1943), who is the biological child of Robert
Drayton Long (Margaret’s brother) and Kathryn Louise Kittrell Long(
married 1942 in FL, divorced Oct 1943 in FL). Robert Drayton Long
married Alice B. Russell in Jan. 1945 in Florida and they had 3
children. It is rumored in the family that Robert may have fathered a
couple of other children which I would like to find, also I would like
to know what ever happened to Robert. I know he passed sometime before
Margaret did in 1999. I can’t seem to find much information on Robert
and would appreciate any help possible.
Barbara Byers. I
am looking for information on a Benton Freeman who was a teacher at
Spring Placei in 1860s, his dtr mariahe or melinda elizabeth Freeman
married William Sanford Greeson.He would be may gr gr gr grandfather.
Fuller. I am working on RIDLEY family history--most of this
family came from Spring Place or near Dalton-Murray County, GA from
1800s. My grandfather was John (Mack) McIntyre RIDLEY and grandmother
was Fannie Pairlee RIDLEY. Thank you.
Ralph Williams. I am
searching for information on Lee WILLIAMS believed to have died in
early 1920. The 1920 census for McDonald, Murray county shows his wife,
Mamie Williams as a widow. She and Lee had a daughter born in late
1920. need any info on Lee Williams.
James M. Stanfield.
I'm seeking birth information for Caroline BOYETT (middle initial
unknown), ostensibly born November 27, 1823 in Murray, GA. The spelling
of her name (first and last), the date of birth and the location
(Murray) are all quite consistent across many, many family trees that I
have reviewed. However, none of the 100+ "hints" or other family trees
in the Ancestry.com environment have been
able to find the name(s) or any other information about her parents.
She ended up marrying my paternal great-great-grandfather and
her branch of the family tree is at a dead end beyond her birth in
Murray. (sorry, that almost sounds like a bad pun) Can you
help fill in this missing blank? Just the names of her parents would be
an awesome help. Additional information is a bonus!!
William Burns. Looking
for info on Thomas BURNS born in 1801. One researcher believes him to
be my gggrandfather. My Grandfather was David Sylvester Burns, son of
Thomas Jefferson Burns and Mary Ann JOHNSON. Please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
to A-Z Index
Added February Through April 1998
If you have resources for Murray County
and would like to
volunteer to help with look-ups, or if you want to request a look-up,
please e-mail me, at: email@example.com
to Query Instructions
to A-Z Index
Queries, page 2
Queries, page 3
Queries, page 4
Queries, page 5
Queries, page 8
County, Georgia GenWeb Site
This page was last updated on January 8, 2013