Johnson County GAGenWeb Medical Terms

Medical Terms from 1800s

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Ablepsia   blindness

 intermittent fever or chills

Ambustio  burn

Amputation, primary                  

usually done in within the first 24 hours of original injury

Amputation, secondary              

performed to improve the primary amputation


medication that help with pain


stroke, or impairment from a brain hemorrhage


Army Itch Scabies
Asenthia Weakness
Bilious fever Malaria or thyphoid
Black Water Fever Fever accompanied by dark colored urine
Bright's disease Kidney Disease
Camp State or Fever

 symptoms which happened when troops were crowded together like       fevers and diarrhea.


seizures or trances


mucus membrane inflammation

Child Bed Fever                        

 infection after childbirth




 infectious disease, including diarrhea, often leading to death


abdominal pain


tuberculosis, or a general wasting away


acute inflammation of nose and tonsils.
Cow Pox a virus similar to smallpox.  Caught from the udders of cows which have blisters, caught by touch, usually localized.  Was used as a successful vaccination against smallpox.
Crop Sickness bloated stomach
Crowd Poisonings fevers and sickness when troops were crowded together
Debility lack of strength, a lasting symptom


 insanity, many different levels


 fever from a mosquito bite


 congestive heart failure


 inflammation of intestines, caused by bacteria or parasites


stomach discomfort after meals


trouble breathing


 contagious skin disease, redness and swelling of affected areas

Falling Sickness                     





an infectious disease that can start with horses, donkeys and mules. Attacks the respiratory system.
Goiter swelling of lymph gland
Grippe influenza, flu
Hemophthis spitting up blood
Impetigo contagious skin disease
Inflammatory Rheumatism rheumatic fever
Lockjaw tetanus
Malaria transmitted by mosquitos, chills, fever and sweating can be recurrent


infant wasting away from causes unknown


poisonous vapors thought to have infected the air.

Milk Leg                                

swelling of legs of women who recently gave birth
Milk sickness sickness from the ingestion of milk, milk products or meat products from animals having the "trembles"
Morphew scurvy blisters
mortification death
osteomylitis inflammation of the bone or surgical fever
Neurasthenia neurosis caused by worry, and causing indigestion, etc.
Parotitis Mumps
Peritonitis frequently the cause of death in abdominal wounds
Pleurisy lung inflammation
Pneumonia inflammation of the lungs
Padogra gout
Pox syphilis
Prostration extreme exhaustion
Pyemia pus in blood, used to be for all types of blood poisoning, usually fatal
Pyrosis heartburn
Quinsy abscess of the tonsils
Rheumatism inflammation of the joints, muscles
Rubella measles
Scarlatina scarlet fever
scrofula tuberculosis of the lymph nodes
Scurvey Vitamin C deficiency disease. In civil war they tried to prevent this by having soldiers eat desiccated vegetables as a ration.
Sleeping Sickness encephalitis
sub-Laxatio non complete dislocation
Suppuration formation of pus, thought to be a good thing in the 1860's
Trench Mouth sores or ulcers in the mouth at the gum line
Variola smallpox
Venesection bleeding
Vulnus Incisim incisional wound
Vulnus Punctum puncture wound
Vulnus Sclopeticum gunshot wound
winter fever pneumonia
Yellow Fever Virus, was thought to have been brought by air instead of mosquitos



“Civil War Medicine” by C Keith Wilbur MD, 1998

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