Florida Governors

Florida Governors


The Royal Governor of La Florida ruled over the colonial administrative district known as the colony of La Florida. The first European to arrive
there was Juan Ponce de León, in 1513. This district was subordinated to the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The territory was at several times under
the administration of France, Spain, Great Britain, before becoming the Florida Territory on March 30, 1822 and finally the 27th state of the United
States on March 3, 1845.

Spanish Governors (1565-1763)
Appointed by Philip II

Pedro Menéndez de Avilés: (September 8, 1565 - September 17, 1574)

Hernando de Miranda: (1575–1577)

Pedro Menéndez de Márquez: (1577–1589)

Gutierre de Miranda: (1589–1592)

Rodrigo del Junco: (1592)

Domingo Martínez de Avendaño: (1594–1596)

Gonzalo Méndez de Canço: (1596–1603)

Appointed by Philip III

Pedro de Ibarra: (1603–1609)

Juan Fernández de Olivera: (1609–1613)

Juan Treviño de Guillamas: (1613–1618)

Juan de Salinas: (1618–1624)

Appointed by Philip IV

Luis de Rojas y Borja: (1624–1630)

Andrés Rodríguez de Villegas: (1630–1633)

Luis de Horruytiner: (1633–1639)

Damián de Vega Castro y Pardo: (1639–1645)

Benito Ruíz de Salazar Vallecilla: (1645–1646)

Pedro Horruytiner Benedit: (1646–1647) (interim)

Benito Ruíz de Salazar Vallecilla: (1647–1650)

Nicolás Ponce de León: (1650–1654)

Pedro Horruytiner Benedit: (1654–1655)

Diego de Rebolledo: (1655–1659)

Alonso de Aranguiz y Cortés: (1659–1664)

Francisco de la Guerra y de la Vega: (1664–1670)

Appointed by Charles II

Manuel de Cendoya: (1670–1675)

Pablo de Hita y Salazar: (1675–1680)

Juan Márquez Cabrera: (1680–1687)

Diego de Quiroga y Losado: (1687–1693)

Laureano de Torres y Ayala: (1693–1699)

José de Zúñiga y la Cerda: (1699–1706)

Appointed by Philip V

Francisco de Córcoles y Martínez: (1706–1716)

Pedro de Olivera y Fullana: (1716)

Juan de Ayala y Escobar: (1716–1718) (interim)

Antonio de Benavides: (1718–1734)

Francisco del Moral y Sánchez: (1734–1737)

Manuel de Montiano y Luyando: (1737–1749)

Appointed by Ferdinand VI

Melchor de Navarrete: (1749–1752)

Fulgencio García de Solís: (1752–1755)

Alonso Fernández de Heredia: (1755–1758)

Lucas Fernando de Palacio y Valenzuela: (1758–1761)

Appointed by Charles III

Alonso de Cárdenas: (1761–1762)

Melchor Feliú: (1762–1763)

British Governors of East Florida (1763-1784)

Appointed by George III

Major General James Grant: (1763–1771)

Major John Moultrie: (1771–1774)

General Patrick Tonyn: (1774–1784)

British Governors of West Florida (1763-1784)

Appointed by George III

Commodore George Johnstone: (1763–1767)

Brigadier General Montfort Browne: (1767–1769)

Captain John Eliot: (1769) - Royal Navy officer, committed suicide 1769

Captain Lieutenant Elias Durnford: (1769–1770) - British Army Engineer,

Commanding Engineer and Surveyor General of West Florida

Peter Chester: (1770 - May 9, 1781) - British Army officer (1717–1799)

Spanish Governors of East Florida (1784-1821)

Appointed by Charles III

Vicente Manuel de Céspedes y Velasco: (July 12, 1784 - July 1790)

Appointed by Charles IV

Juan Nepomuceno de Quesada y Barnuevo: (July 1790 - March 1796)

Bartolomé Morales: (March 1796 - June 1796) (interim)

Enrique White: (June 1796 - March 1811)

Appointed by Ferdinand VII

Juan José de Estrada: (March 1811 - June 1812)

Sebastián Kindelán y Oregón: (June 1812 - June 1815)

Juan José de Estrada: (June 1815 - January 1816)

José María Coppinger: (January 1816 - July 10, 1821)

Spanish Governors of West Florida (1784-1821)

Appointed by Charles III

Arturo O'Neill y Tyrone: (May 9, 1781–1794)

Appointed by Charles IV

Enrique White: (1794–1796)

Francisco de Paula Gelabert: (1796)

Vincente Folch y Juan: (June 1796 - March 1811)

Appointed by Ferdinand VII

Francisco San Maxent: (March 1811 - 1812)

Mauricio de Zúñiga: (1812–1813)

Mateo González Manrique: (1813–1815)

José de Soto: (1815–1816)

Mauricio de Zúñiga: (1816)

Francisco San Maxent: (1816)

José Fascot: (1816 - May 26, 1818)

Appointed by United States

William King: (May 26, 1818 - February 4, 1819)

Appointed by Ferdinand VII

José María Callava: (February 4, 1819 - July 17, 1821)

The Governor of Florida is the head of the executive branch of Florida's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Florida legislature, to convene the
legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of impeachment.

When Florida was first acquired by the United States, future president Andrew Jackson served as its military governor. As a territory, five people
served as governor over six distinct terms. The first territorial governor, William Pope Duval, served 12 years, the longest of any governor. Since
statehood there have been 43 people who have served as governor, one of whom served two distinct terms. Three state governors have served two full
four-year terms: William D. Bloxham, in two stints; and Reubin Askew and Jeb Bush, who each served their terms consecutively. Bloxham spent slightly
longer in office than the others at eight years, six days, whereas the other two both served three days short of eight years. The shortest term in office belongs
to Wayne Mixson, who served three days following the resignation of his predecessor.

The current governor is Rick Scott, who takes office on January 2, 2011.
His term expires on January 4, 2015.

Military governor

Spanish Florida was acquired from Spain in the Adams-Onís Treaty, which took effect July 10, 1821. Parts of West Florida had already been assigned
to Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi; the remainder and East Florida were governed by the commander of the military force that had helped secure
American influence in the region.

Governor Took office Left office Appointed by
Andrew Jackson March 10, 1821 December 31, 1821James Monroe

Governors of the Territory of Florida

Florida Territory was organized on March 30, 1822, combining East and West Florida

Governor Took officeLeft office Appointed by
William Pope Duval April 17, 1822 April 24, 1834James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
Andrew Jackson
John Eaton April 24, 1834 March 16, 1836Andrew Jackson
Richard K. Call March 16, 1836 December 2, 1839Andrew Jackson
Robert R. Reid December 2, 1839 March 19, 1841Martin Van Buren
Richard K. Call March 19, 1841 August 11, 1844William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
John Branch August 11, 1844 June 25, 1845John Tyler


Governors of the State of Florida

The State of Florida was admitted to the Union on March 3, 1845. It seceded from the Union on January 10, 1861, and joined the Confederate States of America on 
February 8, 1861, as a founding member; there was no Union government in exile, so there was a single line of governors. Following the end of the American Civil War, 
it was part of the Third Military District. Florida was readmitted to the Union on June 25, 1868.

The first Florida Constitution, ratified in 1838, provided that a governor be elected every four years, who was not allowed to serve consecutive terms. The secessionist 
constitution of 1861 would have reduced this to two years and removed the term limit, but the state fell to the Union before the first election under that constitution. 
The rejected constitution of 1865 and the ratified constitution of 1868 maintained the four-year term, though without the earlier term limit, which was reintroduced in the 
1885 constitution. The current constitution of 1968 states that should the governor serve, or would have served had they not resigned, more than six years in two consecutive 
terms, he cannot be elected to the succeeding term. The start of a term was set in 1885 at the first Tuesday after the first Monday in the January following the election, 
where it has remained.

Originally, the president of the state senate acted as governor should that office be vacant. The 1865 and 1868 constitutions created the office of lieutenant governor, 
who would similarly act as governor. This office was abolished in 1885, with the president of the senate again taking on that duty. The 1968 constitution recreated the office 
of lieutenant governor, who now becomes governor in the absence of the governor.The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket.

Florida was a strongly Democratic state before the Civil War, electing only candidates from the Democratic and Whig parties. It elected three Republican governors following 
Reconstruction, but after the Democratic Party re-established control, 78 years passed before voters chose another Republican.

 Democratic (34)       Whig (1)       Provisional (1)       Republican (7)       Prohibition (1)

Governor Term startTerm end Party Lt. Governor Terms
William Dunn Moseley June 25, 1845October 1, 1849 DemocraticNone 1
Thomas Brown October 1, 1849 October 3, 1853Whig None1
James E. Broome October 3, 1853 October 5, 1857Democratic None1
Madison Starke Perry October 5, 1857October 7, 1861 DemocraticNone 1
John Milton October 7, 1861 April 1, 1865Democratic None1/2
Abraham K. Allison April 1, 1865 May 19, 1865Democratic None1/2
William Marvin July 13, 1865 December 20, 1865Provisional None 
David S. Walker December 20, 1865 July 4, 1868Democratic William W. J. Kelly 
Harrison Reed July 4, 1868 January 7, 1873Republican William Henry Gleason
Edmund C. Weeks
Samuel T. Day
Ossian B. Hart January 7, 1873 March 18, 1874Republican Marcellus Stearns1/2
Marcellus Stearns March 18, 1874 January 2, 1877Republican Vacant1/2
George Franklin Drew January 2, 1877January 4, 1881 DemocraticNoble A. Hull 1
William D. Bloxham January 4, 1881 January 7, 1885Democratic Livingston W. Bethel1
Edward A. Perry January 7, 1885 January 8, 1889Democratic Milton H. Mabry1
Francis P. Fleming January 8, 1889 January 3, 1893Democratic None1
Henry L. Mitchell January 3, 1893 January 5, 1897Democratic None1
William D. Bloxham January 5, 1897 January 8, 1901Democratic None1
William Sherman Jennings January 8, 1901January 3, 1905 DemocraticNone 1
Napoleon B. Broward January 3, 1905January 5, 1909 DemocraticNone 1
Albert W. Gilchrist January 5, 1909January 7, 1913 DemocraticNone 1
Park Trammell January 7, 1913 January 2, 1917Democratic None1
Sidney Johnston Catts January 2, 1917January 4, 1921 ProhibitionNone 1
Cary A. Hardee January 4, 1921 January 6, 1925Democratic None1
John W. Martin January 6, 1925 January 8, 1929Democratic None1
Doyle E. Carlton January 8, 1929 January 3, 1933Democratic None1
David Sholtz January 3, 1933 January 5, 1937Democratic None1
Fred P. Cone January 5, 1937 January 7, 1941Democratic None1
Spessard Holland January 7, 1941 January 2, 1945Democratic None1
Millard F. Caldwell January 2, 1945January 4, 1949 DemocraticNone 1
Fuller Warren January 4, 1949 January 6, 1953Democratic None1
Daniel T. McCarty January 6, 1953 September 28, 1953Democratic None1/3
Charley Eugene Johns September 28, 1953January 4, 1955 DemocraticNone 1/3
LeRoy Collins January 4, 1955 January 3, 1961Democratic None1/3+1
C. Farris Bryant January 3, 1961 January 5, 1965Democratic None1
W. Haydon Burns January 5, 1965 January 3, 1967Democratic None1
Claude R. Kirk, Jr. January 3, 1967January 5, 1971 RepublicanNone
Ray C. Osborne
Reubin Askew January 5, 1971 January 2, 1979Democratic Thomas Burton Adams, Jr.
Jim Williams
Bob Graham January 2, 1979 January 3, 1987Democratic Wayne Mixson11/2
Wayne Mixson January 3, 1987 January 6, 1987Democratic Vacant1/2
Bob Martinez January 6, 1987 January 8, 1991Republican Bobby Brantley1
Lawton Chiles January 8, 1991 December 12, 1998Democratic Buddy MacKay11/2
Buddy MacKay December 12, 1998 January 5, 1999Democratic Vacant1/2
Jeb Bush January 5, 1999 January 2, 2007Republican Frank Brogan
Toni Jennings
Charlie Crist January 2, 2007 January 4, 2011Independant Jeff Kottkamp1

Other high offices held

Fourteen of Florida's governors have served higher federal offices, including one President of the United States, two U.S. Cabinet secretaries, and one ambassador. 
One served as Governor of North Carolina, and all fourteen were elected to the U.S. Congress, though only nine represented Florida, and only seven actually took 
their seats. One died before taking office, and the other was refused his seat by the U.S. Senate shortly after the American Civil War, because Florida had not yet 
been reconstructed. One governor (marked with *) resigned to take his seat in the Senate.

Governor Gubernatorial Term Other offices held
Andrew Jackson1821 (military) U.S. Representative and Senator from Tennessee
President of the United States
William Pope Duval1822–1834 (territorial) U.S. Representative from Kentucky
John Eaton1834–1836 (territorial) U.S. Senator from Tennessee
Minister to Spain, U.S. Secretary of War
Richard K. Call1836–1839, 1841–1844 (territorial) Territorial Delegate from Florida Territory
Robert R. Reid1839–1841 (territorial) U.S. Representative from Florida
U.S. Representative from Georgia
John Branch 1844–1845 (territorial) U.S. Representative and Senator from North Carolina
Governor of North Carolina
U.S. Secretary of the Navy
William Marvin1865 Elected to the U.S. Senate but was refused seat
Napoleon B. Broward 1905–1909Elected to the U.S. Senate but died before taking office
Park Trammell1913–1917 U.S. Senator from Florida
Spessard Holland1941–1945 U.S. Senator from Florida
Millard F. Caldwell 1945–1949U.S. Representative from Florida
Bob Graham*1979–1987 U.S. Senator from Florida
Lawton Chiles1991–1998 U.S. Senator from Florida
Buddy MacKay1998–1999 U.S. Representative from Florida

               Information courtesy of Wikipedia