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Ireland to Canada Migrations
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Atlantic Provinces, Canada

Lists of arrivals at Halifax and Quebec were kept from 1865.

A small number of passenger lists for immigrant ships coming to New Brunswick in 1816, 1833, 1834, 1837 and 1838 have survived. The index of passengers and crews, microfilms F17834, contains about 10 000 names.

In the years 1801 to 1845, the wedding of 3,000 Irish immigrants, giving their parents name and native parishes, were recorded in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

After 1867, to obtain land from the Colonial government, a settler had to make a formal application (petition). In these , can be found -place of origin, date of arrival in Canada, name of wife and children (age often given).

A computerized Land Records Index exists in Nova Scotia for the years 1780 to 1914. In New Brunswick, the records cover the years from 1783 to 1918. An index of some 67,000 names on films F13763 can be borrowed on interlibrary loan.

Microfilms copies of birth records for 1801 to 1899 and marriages and death records for 1888 to 1919 are available at the Archives. Birth records from 1899 to the presents can be obtained from : Vital Statistics Branch, Department of Health and Community Services, PO Box 6000, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5H1 (small fee).


There are two main repositories in NB for genealogical records.

The Archives Department of NB Museum (NBM)
277 Douglas Avenue,
St-John, New-Brunswick

Provincial Archives of NB (P.A.N.B.)
PO Box 6000
Fredericton, NB, E3B 5H1

In the above can be found, government and family records, genealogical sources for the entire province, including census , land, probate, church and cemetery records; records of births, marriages and deaths; newspapers, local histories and reference library.


Public Archives of Nova Scotia
6016 University Avenue
Halifax, NS, B3H 1W4

Here are found - official records, family business paper, charts, pictures, microfilms, files of leading newspapers, marriages (1864-1910), births and deaths (1864-1877)

NS Legislative Library
Province House
Halifax, NS, B3J 2P8

Nova Scotia Collections


Confederation Center Public Library
Box 7000
Charlottetown, PE, C1A 8G8

Public Archives of PE
Box 1000
Charlottetown, PE


Newfoundland Public Archives
Colonial Building
St Johns, NFLD. A1c 2C9


1. Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia
by: Terrence M Punch
Halifax, Petheric Press: 1978

Gives information on Resources at the Publics Archives of NS -census, poll taxes, wills and deeds etc. and Provincial Historical Societies and Museums, index of Surnames etc.

2. Irish Records
by: James G. Ryan, PhD
Flyleaf Press Ireland

Resources guide in all of Ireland
This guide lists available records for each County in Ireland.

3. New Ireland Remembered
edited by: P.M.Toner
New Ireland Press
217 Aberdeen Street
Fredericton, New Brunswick
E3B 1R6
Historical Essays on the Irish in New Brunswick

Important Ports in New Brunswick

Here's a resume of research in Immigration to New-Brunswick. �

It is estimated that 35,000 immigrants, almost of of whom were Irish, reach New-Brunswick in the years 1818 to 1826. �

Between 1827 and 1835, 65,000 Irish immigrants are said to have reached this province. �

During the Famine Years the numbers increased even more. In 1846 alone, 9,765 arrived and then record numbers in 1847 when 15,279 reached N.B. ports. �

Because of the new Passenger Act introduced in 1816, vessels bound for New Brunswick ports could carry ten passengers for every three carried in shps to U.S. ports. As a result, ships sailing to Canada and N.B. carried the bulk of the immigrants bound for Boston, New York, and Philadelphia and often some of these immigrants remained where they landed. �

Another reason why passages to N.B. were attractive to Irish immigrants was because of the Head Tax. N.B. did not have a Head Tax in the early years and later , in 1832 when N.B. finally introduced a Head Tax, it was only half that charged in American ports.

� In the 1871 Census, the New-Brunswick population of Irish Origin was 100,639 with 47% Catholic and 53% Protestants. �

Important Ports in N.B.
St-John� (the Most important)
Chaleur Bay�

Historical Essays on the Irish in New Brunswick
� New Ireland Remembered
Edited by P.M. TONER

New Ireland Press
217 Aberdeen Street
Fredericton, New Brunswick
E3B 1R6

� Submitted by zel

Index for Canada - or - Guide

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