"17th Century map of Gloucestershire"
Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.
The city of Gloucester, the county seat,
began around AD 96-98 as a colony named
"Glevum" created for Roman legionary veterans,
and was founded on the site of an earlier Roman fort. Cirencester, then known as
Corinium, was also an
important Roman city. In the seventh century,
Gloucestershire was one of the areas occupied by the
people known as the Hwicce, who were a mix of Anglian and
Saxon stock . In later Anglo-Saxon times, Gloucestershire
was part of the kingdom of Mercia, which was in turn
defeated by the kingdom of Wessex. In medieval times, the
county prospered greatly from the wool trade.
Today, Gloucestershire has a population of over one million people; its area of 1,255 square miles is roughly the size of the state of Rhode Island. The eastern part of the county is in the Cotswolds, one of the most beautiful areas of the island, and is commonly used for sheep grazing. Dairy farming is popular in the central part of the county, near the river Severn. The western part of the county is on the Welsh border, and features the lovely Forest of Dean.
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This webpage was last updated Friday, 07-Nov-2014 17:33:15 MST